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Volume XXV.] 


[Number i 

The Great Snow Storm. 

An event which will linger long in memory, 
and be recited to wondering children a genera- 
ation henco, will be the great snow etorm of 
Dec. 31, 1882. Never since the occupation of 
the State by the Americans has such a storm 
visited the coast and valley reginns of 03ntral 
California. There have been on two or tVr e 

with lamentations because the pretty snow hurt 
her fingers. Older children, and even those of 
matnrer age, embraced the opportunity for a 
frolic, and there were probably more snow-balls 
thrown in California daring a few hours than 
woi^ld sufiHc=< an Eistern State for an entire 
winter. B t'l in city and country, so far 
as the snowy dispensation extended, there 

WAR a on'^V rpf?'>nrop *-n wtnfrTr onort^o, Tn S-^rt 

while protecting the front, the rear was often 
successfully attacked. The appoarancs of a 
Chinaman on tho street was a signal for all 
hands to oitch in, and some of these fellows 
made '2:12 time along the streets with hat in 

The Mongolians had a chance to get even 
wh^n an alarm cilled the eagines and a crowd 

fuschias, snfiTared considerably, the load of 
snow breaking them dowq. 

Both in city and country rude sleighs were 
improvised out of wagon boxes with board 
runners, and the novelty of a sleigh-ride led 
many to brave the storm. 

The storm of snow seems to have extended 
southward along the coast to Santa Crnz 
county and in the San Jiaquin Valley to Mer- 


occasions slight falh of snow which have come 
and gone within the compass of a few hours, but 
a snow-fall of from four to six inches in dt pth, 
and lying for about 12 hours on low ground, is 
something wholly new to American eyes in Cal- 
ifornia. The storm was borne upon a strong 
northeast wind, and accompanied by a chill 
which penetrated houses not built for wintry 
weather and net furnished with adequate heat- 
ing appliances. Many groups might have been 
seen huddled around semi-tropical fireplaces, 
trying in vain to meet an Eastern temperature 
with a California fire. 

Out of doors the landscape was clothed in the 
white mantle which many Californians had not 
seen for .3.3 years, and of which their children 
knew but by the engraver's or painter's repre- 
atntations. The disposition of the younger 
Californians to rush into snow was irresistible, 
jknd many » littje tot came crying to her mother 

Francisco everbody was snowballed. Neither 
age, sex, color or condition was respected. The 
Chief of Police himself got a swift ball under 
the ear from a young woman on Lirkin street. 
The drivers, conductors and passengers on the 
cable roads were pelted without mercy. In 
many instances passengers on the cars or 
dummy provoked the assault by throwing balls 
at prdestrians on the sidewalk. Finally it be- 
came, in the language of the street, the "proper 
caper" to tire at the dummy drivers. The con- 
ductors took refuge inside of the car and the 
engineers crouched below the seat backs to es- 
cape the fusilade. Not infrequently the cars 
were boarded and snow thrown into the faces of 
the inmates without regard to sex or age. 
Many car windows were broken, as also win- 
dows of stores and private houses. Few pedes- 
trians escaped being targets of the fun-loving 
boys. Umbrellas afforded some protection, bud 

the Asiatic dweller pelted the native American 
with a just vengeance. The cars of the Cali- 
fornia, Union and Sutter street cable roads 
stopped running late in the afternoon. In 
some instances it was deemed unsafe to de- 
scend the steep hills, and again, the drivers, 
conductors and passengers were exposed to the 
attack of the snowballers. On the Union street 
line the snowballing was vicious and reckless. 
The Clay street and Geary street cars made 
trips on schedule time, but the attaches had a 
rough deal. 

The trees and shrubs in the parks and ceme- 
teries presented a beautiful appearaocj. All 
were heavily laden with a mantle of snow, 
through the opening in which little bits of ver- 
dure peeped here and there. The weight of 
snow bent gracefully the boughs of the pines 
and cypresses. Small plants with tender shoots, 
sterna and branches, inch as geraniums and 

I oed'county, although on its southerly limits tho 
I fall was not so protracted as around the bay. 
While the snow was covering the ground in the 
central and northern areas ot the State a gener- 
ous rain visited the lower coast counties and the 
interior, and thus no section was slighted. The 
effect of the low temperature which preceded 
the storm does not yet fully appear, but so far 
as we have heard and seen, the great meteoro- 
logical damonstration has been far less injuri- 
ous to vegetation than the quiet but duter- 
mined frosts of the three preceding years. On 
the whole the storm has proved a popular di- 
version, and in some cases an ecsnomical meas- 
ure, for many young Californians who have been 
teasing their fathers and husbands for an op- 
portunity to enjoy the "glorious winter of the 
Kxat" are now quite satisKed with latt Sunday's 
sample, and will be nontenlj to fofegn i' ' 
pensive jonrney. 

pAeiFie R.URAL p> RESS. 

[January 6, 1883 


Vie admit, uueuilorsed, ujiinioDa uf correspondeuts — Ei>s. 

The West Side of the San Joaqain . 

Editors Press:— We have just finished » 
harseback ride over the "West Side" of the San 
Joaqain valley, commencing at the bridge, and 
thenca west along the line of the C. 1'. Pi. K. 
by way of the villages of Banta and Tracy, and 
westerly to the foothills, taking in a few miles 
on either side of this line. We here have a dis- 
trict of some very striking features, which we 
think well worthy of note. 

First, we find some timber trees of willow 
and ash, interspersed with oak fringing the 
banks of the river and thickets ot brushwood 
on the low bottoms, in some places extending 
out from the river a mile or two, but in most 
places much more confined. This low land is 
cut up into long narrow islands by a number of 
very muddy sloughs. In wet weather these 
sloughs are almost impassible, except by bridges 
•long the public roads. These bottoms furnish 
a good euppy of wild grass, on which large 
numbers of cattle are kept grazing, except when 
high waters compel owners to drive out to 
higher ground. 

After leaving this brush land, net far east of 
}{inta, we come into the open plains, which 
form the west side of the San Joaquin 
valley, at this place having a breadth of (ome 
1.") miles more or less. The surface rises gradu- 
ally from the low bottom to the foothills at the 
rate of about 15 ft. to the mile. The general 
inclination is almost true to a straight line, and 
one having a very line field glass could, at one 
sweep, taKe in about all the operations of this 
whole ecope of country. 

Here and there, at considerable distances 
apart, generally varying from a half mile to a 
mile, stand the good substantial farm houeea, 
dwellir gi, barns, etc., and here and there a little 
grove 01 eucalyptus or blue gum, with a very 
few cypress trees, aleo some small orchards. All 
the balance outside the two small villages men- 
tioned are level-looking fields, generally plowed, 
sowed and harrowed down to wheat. 

Binta, some four and a half miles west of the 
bridge, has a railroad depot, a postcfii^e, hotel, 
blacksmith shop, store, saloons, etc., and car- 
rying on a good little business for the neighbor- 
hood. Tracy is situated at the junction of the 
C. P. and Northern Pacific railways, about 
four and a half miles west of Banta. It has an 
express tffice, postoffice, two hotels, a livtry 
stable, two blacksmith shops and several stores, 
saloons and Odd Fellows' hall, etc. 

The cost of farming is comparatively small. 
Water in good supply is had by digging wells 
from 25 to 100 ft., varying according to the dis- 
tance from the river, and gradually deepening 
till we reach the foothills. Fuel is yet cheap, 
willow and ash being furnished from the river 
for $2 .■>0 t J S3 50 and oak 84 to §5 50 per cord. 

In good seasons the average yield of wheat is 
from 18 to 20 bushels per acre, and quality from 
good to very good. Flour produced from it is 
of first rate quality. Biiley will average from 
23 to .30 bushels per acre. An abundance of 
wild oats grows all over the valley where not 
killed by cultivation. 

Owing to a severe drouth the crops of last 
season were a failure. The weather at the pres- 
ent time is very dry, and great anxiety is mani- 
fested on account of it. The farms, however, 
•re in the best condition, the ground being re- 
markably clean and well prepared. The wheat, 
in many tracts, is already up, and should rains 
come this winder and next spring at the times 
ordinarily expected, everything ii favorable for 
very heavy crops. The only serious drawback 
to the prosperity of this sertion is the drouth 
that now and then prevails here, and could this 
be remedied there is nothing to prevent this 
from being one of the very bast parts of our 
rich State. 

In looking over the ground there is one feature 
that forcibly impresses us. It is its almost ex- 
treme barrenness at this time in point of vege- 
tation. From the fringe of timber skirting the 
river to the foothills— all over the valley — look 
in whatever direction we may, not a tree or 
shrub presents itself save the small clumps of 
ornamental and orchard trees immediately 
around farm houses, a? already mentioned. 
Then, glancing up over the foothills and moun- 
tains, the same barrenness appears — on and up 
to the summits that look wettwatd toward the 
Livermore valley. 

We ask ourselves the question, is this want 
of vegttition and the dry weather which so of- 
ten prevails in this region not intimately con- 
nected, and would it not be well for farmers to 
plant out belts of timber over roads and around 
their farms ? Wood not the green leaves of the 
trees attract and cause moisture to be precipita- 
ted, and thus many times over repay the com- 
paratively small expenditure necessary in the 

The soil is black and deep and rich and would 
doubtleas, under circumstances a little more fa- 
vorable, produce almost anything grown in this 
latitude. AVe believe this idea of tree planting 
worthy of attentive consideration, and should 
the result be as anticipated there is nothing to 
prevent this from becoming one of the richest 
portions of California. Geo. McDowell. 

Anderson Valley Notes. 

Editors Press:— As I do not see much in 
the 1! JRAL from this pari of the State, I will 
send yon a few items. It may be our farmers 
are getting on so well they can afford to let 
the semi-tropical portion of the State do the 
putfiog, while they quietly gather in their share 
of the surplus cash for wool, hops, beef, mut- 
ton, etc., which bring good prices, and can be 
raised here without irrigation or fear of drouth 
or flood. 

We have much good land in this valley, and 
the best climate in the State for hops, because 
the cool weather in ripening prevents scorching 
by the sun, as in some other valleys. There 
will be about 50 acres put out this season. 
P.anters have to pay $15 to ?20 per thousand 
for roots. The foundation of our prosperity is 
grass. I would like to hear of all those that 
have been experimenting in new kinds of grass 
or forage plants of any kinds, especially in the 
northern part of the State. In doing so, please 
give the kiud of soil, time of sowing, whether 
inland or on the coast. I will herewith give 
my mite. I sowed an acre of alfalfa in Feb- 
ruary, on fairly good corn land, black sandy 
loam. I used 15 pounds seed. It came up well, 
but frost in March thinned it one-half, and be- 
fore the next fall the gophers ate nearly a quar- 
ter. I put on more seed. In the fall I har- 
rowed well, but had no addition to the old crop. 
I think I can do better with such land in culti- 
vated crops. 

I have tried metquite grass in roost all con- 
ditions. It all dries out on the upland; I have 
it growing alongside the gulches and moist 

I sowed in December one quarter of an acre 
of rye grass on good land. It came up finely 
and looked well till the Ist of August, when it 
all died. 

Next I got 8 pounds of orchard grass seed, 
and sowed promiscuously, some where the hogs 
had rooted, some where I had burned brush. 
I sowed in December. It came up well, and is 
now one year old, and seems to be firmly fixed 
in the ground. Cattle ran on it all summer, 
Sj far it is ahead of anything 1 have tried. 
Everything seems to be fond of it. 

I will try some evergreen millet this season, 
and a patch of orchard grass to raise seed from. 

Our main dependence here now is alfillerilla, 
and I wish our seedsmen would find a way to 
keep seed for sale. We all know that it is good, 
and would certainly sell. 

S. W. KS0\VLE.S. 

Anderson Valley, Mendocino Co. 


Dairy Cows. 

Kditors Press : — In your issue of Dec. Itish 
Mr. Ashburner reviewed th« question of the 
best cow for milk. I, for one, have come to the 
same conclusion that Mr. A. did, that the high 
grade or pure Short Horn is the best cow for 
that purpose I have not milked anything but 
pure , Short Horns for six years; though my 
cows have been few, it has given me a good op- 
portunity to make a fair test as to quantity as 
well as quality of [the milk. I will give what 
was done with three Shoit Horns in the year 
1880 : The amount of batter made was 1,001 
lt>3. The exact quantity of milk was not kept 
all the year, I kept tie weight of the milk for 
about three months, and the average was 160 
lt>j. per day. Of course, the milk fell short 
about the time the cows had to be turned dry,- 
which I do about one and a half months before 
calving and I have never failed 'to get a calf 
from my cows, and I have always found ready 
sale for all of my bull calves at $100 each. 

But I started out to say that the Short Horn 
was a milk cow, and so she is, as my record 
8hows;allowing8fallingoff of 40llj3. per day, there 
will remain for 10 months the round sum of 
30,000 Ihi. of milk, which would be 12 0)0 lbs. 
per cow for 10 months, and I am sure that this 
is not too high. Anyone who has seen ray 
cows I think will agree with me. 

In the year ISSl I milked five cows, two two- 
year- old biifers added to the thee old cows. I 
weighed the milk for three months and it aver- 
aged 40 lt)3. to the cow, one heifer giving 45 lt)5. 
per day. From those five cows 1 made 1,750 
11)3. of batter, all of which found a ready mar- 
ket at 30 cents per pound. After tb'x when 
men will ask if it pays to raise Short H jrns, I 
will say it does pay where you get .$100 for but- 
ter and $100 for the calf, and the buttermilk 
will pay for the work of milking and taking 
care of the cows. I think it does pay us dol- 
lars and cents besides the pleasure of looking at 
such good milkers, and it costs no more to raiee 
them than it does a scrub. In conversation the 
other day with a gentleman who has been using 
a Short Horn bull for five yearp, he said that 
his half-breeds at two years weigh 200 lbs. more 
than his common cattle,and are worth one-fourth 
more in market. A trial is all that any man 
wants to convince him, A. J. Stocciss. 

Lemoore, Cal. 

Carp Culture— No. 4. 

Editors PRE.S.S:— \Ve will now speak of the 
young carp in the ponds. As stated in onr pre- 
vious article (No. 3) in the IIi ral Press, Nov. 
4, 1882, they soon begin to take food, and then 
the amusement begias. They go in schools, 
and you may throw a piece of bread on the wa- 
ter, or any kind of food that will float, and they 
will go for it like a gang of young pigs too 
numerous by half to get into a swill tub. I 
have seen them in their anxiety and rush heave 
each other clear out of the water, and you can 
hear the noise of their eating equal to the 
pig sucking the food. Thus they continue 
to feed until winter commences, when they seek 
the deeper water, to pass t le cold season of the 
year in a kind of torpid state, or sleep, like that 
of the bear. This will sometimes occur as early 
as the Ist of Novembar if the winter should set 
in early, and they always enter this state in 
groups of 50 to 100 or more. They make a cav- 
ity in the mud at the bjttom (called a kettle). 
In this they pass the time until spring, huddled 
together in concentric circles with their heads 
together, the posterior portion of the body 
raised and held immovable, scarcely lifting 
their gills for the purpose of breathing, and 
without taking any food. They take no food 
from about October until March, and in colder 
districts somewhat longer. Yet, during all this 
winter's sleep they lose nothing in weight, and 
come out of it in the spring fatter than when en- 
tering it. 

The carp docs not grow daring the winter 
months. Warmth alone seems to exercise a fa- 
vorable influence upon them tD promote gowth. 
They come forth only when the rays of the 
spring sun have warmed the water thoroughly, 
and commence to take food. At this time the 
eggs have developed themselves considerably in 
the body of the fish, and it only rtquiies a few 
weeks of warm weather to bring abjut the 
spawning, which has been desoiibed in a pre- 
vious artcile. 

Carp only grow during the months of May, 
June, July and August, They gain a little in 
September by the accumulation of fat around 
their entrails. Should the month of May be 
mild and waim from the beginning, we may 
look for and expect a good growth throughout 
the season. Carp growers altogether dislike 
cold and stormy weather at this season of the 
year, as not only the egg?, but also the young 
fry suffer much from it. A wet, cold, stormy 
summer is no more favorable to the cup cultur- 
ist than it is to the agriculturist. I promised in 
• previous article to speak of the 
Carps' Enemies. 

The pond must (or should be) screened 
against the intrusion of pike, eels, bass, cat- 
fish, and all other cannibal fishes; also protec- 
tion must be had from water-dogs, snakes, tur 
ties, frogs, musk-rats, ami various water fowls, 
and many voracious animal?. A fine grating is 
good for this purpose, and will prevent the in- 
trusion of the former class, and agaiost the lat- 
ter various traps may be used to advantage. 
Another means might be adopted. In small es- 
tablishments, such aa I have been speaking 
about, containing a fraction or a few acres, it 
will be found advantageous (even though it be 
a little expensive) to enclose the ponds with • 
close board fence three or four ft. high and four 
or six inches in the ground. Thi« will exclude a 
great many, even the snapping- turtle, which is 
the most dreaded of all the enemy tribe of the 
fish. This contemptible animal has been known 
to clean out all the fish of ponds. At night It 
siezes the fishes (which, not suspecting danger, 
rests on the bottom), with its sharp fangs and 
kills them. It is a peculiarity of tie carp to 
rest on the bottom at night, also daring cold, 
stormy weather, and this hideous monster, the 
snapping turll;, would therefore have a grand 
opportunity of destroying the carp. 

StockiKg Pcndd. 

In placing spawners in punda for breeding 
purposes there should not be any except good, 
healthy, first-class fish put in, and, as I have 
heretofore stated, two males to one female. 

I have often asked how to 

Distingutsb the Sexes 
Apart. I will here explain. The female is 
usually a thicker fish, and is broader and more 
Hat across the abdomen, and of a paler color — 
while the male is rounder and more trimly 
built, and generally of a deeper orange color on 
the abdomen. During the spring season they 
also have pertuberences like warts on their 
heads and backs. That there may be no mis- 
take, placo the fish on its back in one hand 
and with the thumb and finger of the other 
hand press gentW from the gills to the funda- 
ment, and if a male the milt will flow, which 
resembles cream. By this mode of pairing no 
mistake can occur. 

Queries from Huoiboldt. 

There has been a new question just asked me 
by Mr. Drake, of Humboldt, Cal. His letter 
of inquiry to me embodies facts of great im- 
portance, and reads fts follows: 

Mr. U.wis Doar Sir: I liavt go', tlie carp fever in 
lo«kiiiff over my files of the RriUL FiiKS^. 1 finU several 
communicuions (rum you, and from one of them I get 
the idea that you have the tiili ft r aale. 1 would like to 
know your price (or one-half dozen old fish and young 
fr>', and how much the freight would he on them up to 
Eureka, Humboldt Bay, Cal. I have a splendid, good 
place to make one large pond, containing 2 or 3 acres. 

The ground is now covered with a dense thicket o( myr- 
tles, aiders and blackherry bushes. Of course when th<i 
water was fi oled over that ground all thoie kind uf 
bushes would be apt to die. I would like to know from 
you whether such deciyitur vegetation would be good (or 
the flih "T not, or would 1 have to cut it ull away and 
burn it cfT the ground I would make the water IS (eet 
deep, by blocking up between the banks, about 20 (eet 
apart, and have a great deal of shallow water (or spawn- 
ins;. I will be ready to order the fiih about Christmas. 
— C. C. l>aAKii, Jr. 

I have given the letter entire, as it seems to 
me that he means business, with a show for 
good success. I have answered him privately, 
and I hope satisfactory on all points of his in- 
quiries. But the question I wish to notice here 
is in relation to the brush on the ground. I ad- 
vised him to clear it all off the grounds, for fear 
that it might create gases by decaying in the 
water, which might kill the fish. In caie U 
did not kill or inj ire the health of them it 
would be likely to make their Hesh to taste 
moldy or be of bad fiivor. In order to have 
good fish, we want good pure water 1 1 grow 
them in. 

I might say here that the express companies 
charge just double price on fish to what they 
do for merchandise, for the leaaon that they 
have to change the water on them, aod take 
care of them to keep them alive and well. They 
will not carry them except on rail and water 

Before concluding my address on carp cul- 
ture, I wish to pass over to some of the Euro- 
pean history on carp, and notice some of their 
operations. We will then view the extent of 
some of their ponds, but not such as I have 
been speaking about (from a fraction np to an 
acre), such as they have in Europe to raise fish 
in for market. \\'e will also give the mode of 
drying ctV or -catching the fish of some of the 
ponds, aud I have been requested to answer one 
more i| ustion ia my aitkile, vi?.: How many 
pounds of fiih can be raised to the equare rod, 
etc ? This (| le t on will be answered in a fu- 
ture article. Levi Davis. 

Foreetville, .Sonoma, Cil. 

II[he jStosk '^ard. 

Evergreen Millet. 

I preEume that, from my years of exparience 
with evergreen millet, and the similarity of my 
land to that of J. U, Lewell, of Fresno, that 
answers fr^m my experience ought to be satis- 
factory ai to the queries of Mr. Lswell in Ru- 
ral of December 23 1. 

Ist. It will spread on to the dryest lands, but 
not rapidly. It spreads only >> to 8 feet yearly 
by growth of roots alone, where seeds are not 
scattered. Seeds may scitter to any distance. 
On my land. GO rods from the nearest irrigation, 
I found a tbr.fty bunch of it growing last fa'l 
that could not possibly have had any water ex- 
cept the S inches of rainfall of last winter. It 
was growing luxuriantly, 2\ fett in bight, en- 
tirely green and thrifty whure all other vegeta- 
tion was reduced to the merest dry skeletons 
by the long, hot summer. 

2d. If by being ''safe" to sow it on a colony lot 
he wishes to know whether it is possible to 
limit its spread or eradicate it, I answer: I be- 
lieve it to ba practically impossible to do either. 
But if by "safe" ho means will the planting of 
it prove beneficial on the whole, rather than 
injurious, I answer: If you have stock to feed, 
particularly stock liab!e to injury from "alfalfa 
bloat, ' it is not only safe, but highly advanta- 
geous. Where 10 per cent, or more of the feed is 
evergreen millet, such a thing as "bloat" is 
unknown. It is eaten with avidity by everything, 
from horses down to ducks. It does not injure 
the growth of vines or trees as much as alfalfa. 
I have trees growing G feet yearly right in the 
midst of the grass. 

I*. is far more valuable than alfalfa, for the fol- 
lowing reasons: 1. It will produce a constant 
summer growth of luxuriant feed on land too 
dry for alfalfa. 2. It is indestructible by go- 
phers for the reason that every half inch of any 
of its numerous roots will produce a new bunch 
of grass; the roots are so numerous gophers 
can never get all of them, as they reach from 
the surface to the bed- rock, seven feet deep, 
where mine is growing. 3. Flooding, drouth 
or freezing fail to injure the rooti or retard the 
succeeding sumnfier'a growth. 4. No stoci- 
famine c»n ever occur where it is largely grown, 
for the immense yield of its roots will carry 
stock over any season of dearth of feed. Two 
thousand bushels of roots per acre is a proven fac^. 
They can be easily plowed out and harrowed 
measurab'.y clean of dirt, in which condition 
they are greedily eaten. Oue day last winter 
a customer bought OJ It>j of roots : that night 
bis horse broke away from a good manger of 
alfalfa hav and ate up the entire lot. 

4. Stcck prefer it to to any other grass. It 
equals blue grass or Timothy in quality of milk 
and butter produced. 

5. Its nutritious grain-like seeds give a yield 
of grain greater than that from wheat, oits or 

Johnson grass is very similar, but it cin he 
killed by flooding with water when the ther- 
mometer ranges above 100* Fahr. Its yield 
of roots is less, and they run only 20 inches 
below the surface, and can be eradicated by re- 
peated summer fallow plowings, Itsyield of seed 
here is less than one-Htt'a of that of everijreen 
millet, while its ability to stand beat and 
drouth is evinced by the less depth to which 
its roots penetrate. W. A. Sanders 

Sanders, Cal. 

Jauuary 6, 1883."' 



The Frait Growers' Convention.* 

Full Reports of Addresses and DiacusBlons. 

(By resolution of the convention, the publication of the 
full short-hand report of the proceedings of the conven- 
tion was entrusted to the iPACiFiC Rural Press.— Eds. 
Press. 1 

[continued from last week's rural PaESS.] 

Report! of Committees. 
Committee on L-gislation — Mr. Holt : I 
believe the Commictte on L'Jgislation have no 
further report to make at this time. Tney are 
making preparations for the Legislature, and 
will then be heard from. 

The Committee on Fruit Shippers, through 
their Chairman, W. R. Strong, presented the 
following report : 

Vour Committee on .Shipping Interests respectfully re- 
port as follows: The record of the shipping interests for the 
past year has not been altogetiicr satisfactory to the ship- 
pers, but the growers have no cause to complanl of the 
prices obtained for their products. The crop (in the State, 
as a whole) of shipping fruit has been but half its usual si/e, 
while the prices paid ha\-e been in excess of those of last 
year, the result to the grower being about the same. Some 
portions of the State — notably the Santa Clara valley — 
have suffered much from a variety of evils, some of which 
this convention has been considering. Early in the season, 
while the trees were in blossom, the frost find rain did 
their work, reducing the prospective crop very largely. 
Old trees, or those insufficiently nourished, did not quickly 
recuperate from the shock of coal oil baths, and their blos- 
soms fell off. The remaining blossoms then developed into 
fruit, much of which was impaired in quality by codlin 
moth and other pests. 

Many false ideas in regard to the shipping of green 
fruits e.\ist in the minds of fruit growers, which the keen 
competition of the past few years has stimulated. It 's an 
admitted fact that when one firm controlled the trade they 
coined money, inasmuch as fruit was purchased at 35(j>5oc. 
per bo.x, and sold for !55(«$9 P^'^ Chicago. Such 

fruit reached only the aristocrat, and if tile exporter of 
California fruitjto-day depended upon such trade, shipping 
pears would go begging at 50c. per box, for the annual sum 
total for such customers w-ould not reach 2o car loads. As 
that .trade became filled, dealers were compelled to seek 
other outlets, and so catered to a larger class of consumers 
by reducing jjrices As the limits of this trade were reached 
further reductions became necessary, until to-day the export 
fruit trade of California is worked upon smaller margins 
than traffic in such perishable goods justifies. The risks, 
too, are immense. 'I'he fruit is trans,jorted through vary - 
ing climates — the hot Sacramento valley, the cool Sierras; 
hot deserts; over mountains and through valleys, with 
their alternations of heat and cold — which, with the dif- 
ferent climatic influence, affect in great degree the delicate 
cargo. Fourteen days in not over-springy freight cars, be 
the stowing ever so careful or exact, cause chafing and so 
decay, glut of the Eastern market with Eastern fruit, anil 
a thousand and one other causes, apparently slight in them- 
selves, but with far reaching results, diminish the profits 
very greatly. Consider for a moment. A car of California 
fruit at this season's prices cosis, landed in the Eastern 
market, from .$1,200 to $i,6oc, which sum you have com- 
■ mitted to the mercies of heat and cold, and the jolting of 
3,000 miles travel in a freight car. It has been no uncom- 
mon occurrence for shippers to lose from $5oo(fr.$i,cioo per 
car load this season through causes beyond their control. 

In view of these facts, it is evident to all that the era of 
high prices cannot last. They necessarily and immediately 
limit ttle demand for any article. A careful survey of the 
field warrants the belief that an ever increasing market can 
be obtained for our California fruits at prices to growers of 
$4o(?r$5o per ton. 

And now a word as to the energy and enterprise which 
has built up this business and developed it to its present 
large proportions. All credit is due to those who in-iugu- 
rated these shipments and who have successfully continued 
them But the grow-ers should not forget that it was only 
when competition began that theff (the growers) began to 
reap any marked benefit and to share the profits with the 
shipper. 'I'herefore it seems but just and reasonable that 
newer concerns, who prove themselves financially sound, 
and are possessed of the grit and capaci.y to make immense 
inroads into the business of the monopolists, should receive 
encouragement from growers, who really owe to them the 
profits which the last few years have witnessed. 

W. R. Stroni;. 
T. K. SriiWARr, 


\V. J. Wilson, 


After some discussion, the above report was 
ordered printed as a part of the proceedings. 

Report of Committee of Fruit Growers 

Your committee on fruit growing recommend 
the following: 

Rfsolreil , That it is for the best interest of fruit grow- 
ers that they be prepared to dry their surplus and in- 
fected fruit, and on\v attempt to market in its fresh state 
that which is sound and of good shipping quality. 

On motion, the report was received, and on 
motion of Mr. Hayden, the words "and in- 
fected" were stricken out of the resolution. 

Mr. Haines: I think it is the general sense 
of the bouse that the resolution shall be adopted 
and become a portion of the minutes. I am 
emphatically in favor of adopting the resolu- 
tion to show the attitude of this convention, 
and to show that it is not in favor of using dis- 
eased fruits M dried fruits. 

The resolution was adopted. 

Committee on Nurseries. 

The report of this committee was pre- 
sented by their chairman, and, being read 
by the Secretary, was, on motion, received. 
The report is as follows: 

It is with feelings of incompetency that we approach 
tlie great questions that are before this body to-day, and 
it is with alarm (but not without hope) that we view the 
rapid spread of the many enemies of our great interest, 
but are at a loss to suggest any effectual plan to entirely 
prevent it without the co operation of the Government. 
So long as the great craze that seems to possess the 
minds of the people lor low-priced trees conlinues we 
cannot see how any quarantine laws can be enforced to 
meet the exigencies of the hour until the minds of the 
people become so thoroughly aroused t) the importance 
of (xcluaion of all trees and plants as to create a public 
sentiment so strong that such importatuns will cease to 
be prvfitahlc. 

lu view of the possibility of the introduction of the 
dreaded curculio and otker pests, we would gladly recom- 

^ This report is now being prepared in pamphlet, ard 
will make the fullest review of the present situation in 
fruit growing in the State, which has thus far been col- 
lected in book form. It will be sent to any address for 
2oc. a copy. It will be found valuable to keep and to 
send to hi riicultural friends abroad. Address Pbwey & 
Co., Publishers, 252 Market street, S. F 

mend a strict quarantine law, but it would require the 
earnest co-operation of the Government, as every 
minl-bag, express and frdght car, as well as by steamers 
and sailing vessels from China and Japan and the islands 
of the Paciflc, are receiving packages of tr»es and plants 
liable, at least, to contain these obnoxious pests. In order 
to prevent these importations we would require a law as 
strict as those of some European governments against 
the phylloxera (Italy and Germany, for instance), where 
it is positively forbidden to introduce plants, cuttinjjs or 
scions by mail, express, freight or otherwise. So rigidly 
are their laws enforced that they will not allow packages 
of trees and plants to pass through in transit to other 
countries. Even a small package of cherry scions has been 
returned to this country, its introduction not being per- 

We believe it is the duty of every nurseryman to thor- 
oughly disinfect all trees and plants that leave bis place, 
as undoubtedly many pests have been disseminated in 
this way. We advise every purchaser to carefully exam- 
ine and disinfect their trees before planting, no matter 
from what source they may have come. 

Within the last year large importations of ornamental 
trees, especially evergreens, have been received from the 
East with more or less soil adhering to the roots; also 
many pot-grown plants. It is from this source more 
especially that we fear the introduction of the dreaded 

We do not feel that the limited time allowe.i enables 
us to make such a report as the imt^ortance of the great 
question before us merits. Feeling that our interests and 
the fruit interests of the State are identical, we moat 
heartily pledge you our cooperation in any sanitarv 
measures that may be adopted.— W. M. Williams, W. B. 
West, J. M. Asiier, John Rock, Ed. B. Silva, Committee. 


Mr. Hainef: The report undoubtedly is a 
very able report, but to bring it right down in 
a few sentences it amounts to this: it means 
that the quarantine is a failure and will be a 
failure until the public are educated up to the 
necessity of rigid quarantine rules. That is in 
fact what that report means. 

Mr. Peck : I move that the report be adopted. 
The motion is seconded. 

Mr. Hainee: I do not desire to say over again 
that which I have already said, but I will say 
that the report simply states in substance that 
we cannot even quarantine or prevent pests be- 
ing brought on semi tropical plants from the 
Sandwich Islands until there is public senti- 
ment on that question. That is what 
I consider to be a weak report, and it there is 
any committee that should report strongly on 
this question, I emphatically believe it ti be 
this committee. I believe there should be no 
uncertain sound. I believe that the report 
should say that now is the time; that public 
opinion has been educated up to the point; that 
now is the tinne when we should advocate strenu- 
ously strong quarantine measures. If that re- 
port goes out as at o )ted by this convention, it 
ceitstinly will show this convention is weak- 
kneed. The people will look at the report and 
say quarantine is a failure, and so forth. Mr. 
Leib has told us that the principle of the quar- 
antine is this : That we cannot examine with a 
microscope every tree, but if we know where 
infected trees exist in any other county or 
State, we can use the quarantine as a means of 
protection. He tells us that as a lawyer, and 
as a lawyer he stands as well with the people of 
this county as anyone in the State. He then 
tells us that when we ascertain that anything 
is from an infected district, that we can quaran- 
tine it. We do know the East is infected; we do 
know his legal opinion, and we have a right to 
say that the quarantine shall be established, 
and I hope that this convention will say that it 
shall be established. 

Mr. Da Long: I am opposed to this business 
of tearing up the reports of the committees 
that we have asked to give us their time and 
make these reports; they have made them prob- 
ably according to their viewg, what they be- 
lieve to be for the best interests of all, and I be- 
lieve in disseciinating these reports and making 
them a part of our proceedings, and let them 
go to the public for what they are worth. We 
can't go to work and make them come in and 
sign a report and change it and then give it as 
their report. 

Mr. Pryal: I would state that in my town- 
ship, in Oakland township, in all probability 
there has been already over a half a million of 
trees shipped from the E»st that have arrived 
in Ojikland; I have examined those trees as 
they were opened from the cases and found the 
woolly aphis on most all; I spoke to the gentle- 
man who imported them, called his attention to 
it, and he didn't seem to care much about what I 
said in regard to the matter. However, I came 
down 3 or 4 days after and found that all those 
trees were sent North. Well, of course, as Com- 
missioner, I had not the power to stop those 
trees, but I think that if there was an amend- 
ment made in regard to the time of the Commis- 
sion in regard to having it eit3nded through 
peihaps the whole year I would stop those 
trees and burn them up if necessary before they 
could be sent North; and I insist, if there is any- 
thing done at all in that matter, that it should 
be done properly and not half done. 

Mr. De Long: I move that the report be 
adopted and received and male a part of the 
minutes of the convention. 

The Chairman: The report is already re- 
ceived. The motion now is that the report be 
adopted. The motion was lost. 

Report of Fruit Growers' Committee. 

Your committee would respectfully recommend the 
adoption of resolutions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 presented to and 
alopted by the Fruit Growers' t.'onvention held at Sacra- 
mento in December, 18S1, and we further recommcNd 
that a State Entomologist he appointed by the Governor 
in consultation with the Board of Regents of the State 
Univeri-ity, whose duly it shall be to study the insects of 
California with regard to their damaging effects upon the 
fruit, grain and vegetable productions on this coast, and 
to issue bulletins from time to time, and also an annual 
report, giving the resultof his researchep. We also recom- 
mend that ht give a course of lectures on t.lementary and 
economic entomology at the State University. We would 
further recommend to the fruit growers of the State to' 
discourage the importation of fruit and ornamental trees, 

plants and shrubs from the Eastern States and foreign 

We recommend the use of free packages for shipping 
or marketing fruit, as being one of the best means for 
preventing the spread of noxious insects. 

It is the duty of every fruit grower in California to 
maintain the standard of his fruits to the highest degree 
possible, and it is to his best interests to have more than 
one method of marketing his crop, and that more atten- 
tion be given to fruit drying, so that when table fruit 
becomes unremunerative because of too great amounts 
sent to market, a superior article of dried fruit, which 
will have the world for a market, can be made. To at- 
tain this end it should be the endeavor of the fruit grower 
to aim at the highest excellence, as anything short of this 
would tend to bring our products into disrepute, and 
eventually bring financial disaster. 

We recommend the formation of horticultural societies 
in every frui'-growing section of the State, and that these 
local societies place themselves in communication with 
the State Board of Horticulture, the State Horticultural 
Siciety, and with one another, thus creating a bond of 
union between fruit growers, which will go a long ways 
toward securing united action whenever the occasion de- 
mands it. 

Also that the annual convention of fruit growers from 
every portion of the State be made a permanent institu- 
tion, and their proceedings be printed and sent to every 
fruitgrower in the State.— M. P. Owbn. J. H M. Town- 
SE.xu, Chas. W. Gammon, W. N. Gladden, R. B. Blower, 

Mr. Brtitton: There is one great defect in that 
report. They recommend that all fruit-growers 
shall use free packages. That is all right. I, 
as a fruit-grower, send my fruit to San Fran- 
cisco or even nearer home. They receive the 
free packages and pile them out in the yard, 
and somebody comes around about those boxos, 
a.nd says, "VVhat do you want for the,boxe8?"and 
he says three cents. Now, if he has to go to a 
box- maker he would have to pay six cents, and 
1 16 consequence is they are scattered all over 
the State. Now, I am engaged in two busi- 
nesses; one is box-maker and the other is fruit- 
raiser, 1 have had two or three occasions 
where men come into my box factory, and when 
asked for boxes I asked six cents for them. They 
would say: 'Oh,no,I can godown to the canning 
fact )ry and get boxes for three cents all made 
up, and what is the use of going to the box fac- 
tory when I can get them there? ' Now, why did 
not the committee recommend t'lat the commis- 
sion merchants and canners destroy all these 
boxes? There is where the great evil comes in. 
There is no recommendation that they don't use 
it the second time. Free boxes are used two 
and three and four times all over the Stat^, 

Mr. Dwinelle: I hope that this report will 
be adopted as it reads. As to the free box 
business, I believe it is the thing you have all 
got to come to; I said it last year, 
and I was misrepresented for doing s). I said 
I don't care whether you use the free b xis or 
disinfect your boxes, but, gentlemen, your busi- 
ness depends upon stopping this dissemination 
of the insect pests. I say that again, and I say 
thit as Mr. Britton's complaint is that these are 
p lid up outside of the cannery, I thiLk it our 
committee will do their dut/ and strenethen 
thsir hsnds with the chief horticultural offioer, 
those boxes will not be piled up taere unless 
they have been disinfected. 

Mr. Pitkin: I belisve there is one point in 
reference to free boxes that has been overlooked. 
Now, the cannery might have free boxes sent to 
it, and thay might possibly destroy those boxes 
because they would have such a large quantity 
that every body would know if they didn't; but I 
think the system of disinfecting boxes is better 
than free boxes, for this reason: Suppose that 
we send fruit to San Francisco that is infected, 
it is almost certain that the bug, or whatever it 
is, is going to get into that box more or less, 
and supposing that the commission merchant 
sells these goods all over San Francisco and all 
out in the adjoining counties. They are not 
sold to the canneries particularly, though some 
may be sold there. They are not sold to large 
dealers altogether — they go to the consumer 
and those boxes are carried all over the country 
into different parts of the State, because a good 
many of the goods that are raised right here in 
this town have been sent to San Francisco and 
some of them come right back for retailing again. 
I know that because I have seen the boxes that 
have been sold by the big dealers come right 
back to the retail dealers here, and retailed to 
our individual consumers. Now, suppose for 
instance, I buy one of those boxes of fruit and 
take it home — the fruit is infected and the box 
is infected; the box is free to me; where is your 
law to make me destroy that box? I throw it 
out in the yard, and I have got fruit trees in 
the yard that get infected from the box, and 
my neighbor has got a good many trees, and my 
one or two trees give infection to them. And 
I believe on that account the free box is worse 
than the infected box, and I think if we 
are going to work right, we have got to 
quarantine against the spread of the disease, 
against the boxes. The only method is to dis- 
infect the box, because I don't believe we 
can make a law that can reach 
the destruction of these boxes. They go to the 
canning factory and they are bought by a class 
of men who are planting small orchards — and 
they are usually a class that don't disinfect — 
because they can get them for most nothing, 
they take them to these orchards and retill 
them, and thereby all these pests are being 

Mr. Jeesup: If we can't pass a law to effect 
the object desired, we can certainly make our 
contracts with the canneries compelling them 
to use our boxes for fuel under the boiler and 
use them up in that way. We can make it a 
cause of just withdrawal of our contract from 
the commission merchant that won't destroy 
his boxes and make firewood out of them, and 
sell them for that purpose. It is true that the 
hucksters around San Francisco and Sacramento, 
and probably Stockton, would probably be able 
tr> gather up a few of cbese cast-away boxes 

from the yards of customers, but the proportir 
would be so little that I do cot think it woul 
do us much damage, and I will make the con- 
tract, making it obligatory upon my commission 
men, and withdraw my contract from them, my 
shipments, if they do not make firewood of the 
boxes and dispose of them as such, and every 
canner will be glad to use his boxes, and we 
can make that a provision of the contract. 
There is no question about that; if we cannot 
quarantine the boxes we can quarantine the 
canneries and our commission men. (Applause.) 

Mr. Blower: Ljst year the canners of Califor- 
nia almost universally sent in a proposition to 
our convention that, providing the fruit growers 
would adopt the free box, they would allow 
them two cents and a half a box for each box 
and make fire wood of them. That proposition 
was accepted by a committee appointed by that 
convention, of which I was one, and Mr. Cut- 
ter, of the San Francisco Packing Co., was the 
chairman of that committee. We were a com- 
mittee, I think, of disinfection, and after recom- 
mending disinfection in San Francisco as the 
most practicable method, we still had to recom- 
mend the universal adoption of the free pack- 
age as the cheapest, the best and the safest, and 
I am satisfied that so far as the canners of San 
Francisco are concerned that they would be 
willing at any time, if the fruit growers accept 
that proposition, to live up to it and pay two 
cents and a half for each free package, and 
make firewood out of it, as the cheapest for 
them and better for the grower. 

Mr, De Long: I would like to ask Mr. B'ower 
a question, if the cinners have ever paid any- 
thing for the boxes? I have shipped free boxes 
down there, and they have refused tD pay me 

Mr. Blower : With reference to that I can- 
not say. I have not shipped to canneries, but 
unless it was adopted as a system it would be 
somewhat impracticable for canners to pay. If 
one sent free boxes only to the canner and de- 
manded that they should be burnt up it would 
take a man selecting boxes all the time and re- 
turning those to those who had not free boxes 
and destroying those who requested it to be 
done. The trouble was that the proposition 
was not accepted generally among the growers. 

Mr. Block : I would like also to inquire of 
Mr. Blower, as he has consulted the canneries, 
whether in making the proposition of paying 
two and one-half cents for those boxes whether 
they subsequently made a combination among 
themselves by which they reduced the price on 
fruit, such as Bartlett pears, about a half a dol- 
lar a box. Probably it would be well to adopt 
a thing of that kind, so that if we ship a lot of 
Bartletts to the cannery we may get two and a 
half cents a box. If they continue to reduce 
that way, probably two and a half cents would 
be quite an object. What I want to point out 
is simply this, that their offering us two and a 
half cents is nothing. They reduce the 
price of fruit all the time, and that comes out of 
our pockets. They reduced it last time half a 

Mr. Divinelle : I would like to ask Mr. De 
L'>ng who the canner was who didn't know 
aaything about this ? 

• Mr. Da Long : I cannot state. I sent to 
Mr. Allison, and I told him I never wanted to 
see the boxes again; to sell them and get all he 
could for the boxes, that I never wanted the 
boxes back. He said he made the proposition; 
they would give so much for the quinces and 
nothing for the boxes. 

Mr. Dwinelle: It is proposed here to adopt 
this resolution approving of free packages, it 
is not said that that is a cure for all evils that 
can be suffered; but can any man say that it 
would not check it to a very great extent, that 
it is not a step in the right direction? We have 
been told by a person who is in a position t) 
know, that he finds a protit in free packages. 
Now, I want to say that I am very sorry Mr. 
Cutler is not here, because he has repeatedly 
stated to me personally that Cutting & Co. 
would iillow half the price of the box, for the 
reason that it would allow them to do away with 
the services of two men, who are continually 
kept occupied in a busy season putting up the 
return packages to go home, and with the ex- 
pense of nails, laths, etc. Further than that, 
the boxes are worth something as fuel '!.o go un- 
der the boilers, and they would gladly allow 
that reduction, all things considered. Now, I 
want to say further, that the canners 
of San Francisco are but a fraction of the 
buyers, and I never talk with a commiss'on 
man or private consumer or dealer of any 
kind that did not say that the return box was a 
nuisance to him; and I know many a man who 
refuses to buy boxes of fruit when he would like 
t} because he would have to put up 25 cents a 
box, and return the box or forfeit the 25 cents. 
That is a miserable swindle. It is twice, and 
often four to six times, what it is worth, and be- 
sides that, people don't want to be swindled. 

Mr. Jessup: One thing, if they send the 
boxes back, as many of them do, then you have 
to pay the expressman the value of the box to 
get it back. 

Mr. Dwinelle: It will cost two or three or 
four bits to return a box which is worth five 
cents, and they say, "I don't think I will pay 
that premium on a box of paaches which is 
worth six bits." I tell you, gentlemen, it is 
working against you every way, if you wil! fol- 
low it right down and be honest to yoar own 
convictions. Mr. Blower is right, that two 
boxes of fruit in the same condition, one in an 
old box and the other in a new one, the new 
box sells every time in the place of the old one. 



[January 6, 1883 

5?/tTF^0;^S Of J^USf3/rJ«J0F^Y. 

Corragpondeaoe on Grange princlplM anil work and re- 
ports of traosectiona of subordinate Oraugya are reapectfulli' 

Bolicittd Tor this denartmont. 

The Grange in Other Slates. 

The Wisconsin State Grange met at Madison, 
December 13th. The delegates visted the Ex- 
perimental Farm at the State University and 
inspected the making of sugar out of amber 
cane. These experiments hare been very suc- 
cessful this year, two tons of excellent sugar 
having been made. Eesolntions were offered 
and referred asking Congress to modify the 
patent laws so as to hold innocent purchasers 
guiltless, asking the Legislature to place the 
University farm on a more independent basis as 
an agricultural school. In secret session the 
fifth degree (Pomona) was conferred on the del- 
egates, of whom there were nearly 200. 

The State Grange of Indiana convened at In- 
dianapolis, December l.^ch. Rasolntions were 
oflFered upon the subjects of commerce and 
transportation, which were in line with those 
adopted by the National Grange daring its re- 
cent session in that city. Other resolutions 
were submitted urging the State Legislature to 
subm't the prohibition amendment at a special 

The Pennsylvania State Grange assembled at 
Harrisburg, December 1.3 th. The reports of 
the Worthy Master, Lecturer and Secretary 
were received. The membership in the State 
numbers 20,000, divided into a few hundred 
lodges. The financial condition is better than 
for many years. 

We have received a copy of the address de^ 
livered at the Delaware State Grange meeting 
by the W. M. J. J. Rosa. He says: Almost 
universal has been the onward march, and the 
increase is most gratifying to all well-wisheis of 
the Order. The work in this State is encourag- 
ing. We see to-day the representatives of five 
new Granges and one dormant (Irange revived. 
Let us extend to all a kind, fraternal greet 
ing, and be encouraged by our increased num 
bera to greater efforts in behalf of the farmers 
of this State and of our country. Great is the 
work for us to do, and we need the hearty co- 
operat on of every agriculturalist in the State 
and nation. When this is achieved, we will 
see the the farmer occupying the position, both 
socially and politically, their numbers and vast 
interests entitle them to. For by and through 
co-operation only can success be attained, aad 
the farmer educated so as to meet the reijuirc- 
ments of his profession and of enlightened citi 

A Grange Cannery. 

National Ranch Grange, in San Diego county 
always has an eye to business. We find in the 
National City Record a letter from F. A. Kim- 
ball, asking fruit growers to report the amounts 
of fruit they expect to produce the comiug sea- 
son, in order that those proposing a cannery 
may have some data to work upon. Hs says: 
It is exceedingly important that this subject 
should receive the early a't;ntion of every per- 
son who expects to have even 100 tin. of can- 
ning fruits to sell next season. If the fruit 
growers look upon the sobject in this light and 
will speedily communicate to the Secretary of 
National Ranch Grange, giving details of the 
quantity of the various kinds of fruits used 
by cannerc, which will probably be produced 
in 1883, and the aggregate quantity reaches 100 
tons (which would vrobably reach a cannery 
that would be inreadineas for next crop), in such 
case the matter will resume a tangible shape. 

A posta'. card specifying the number of pounds 
which may reasonably be expected, addressed 
to H. J. Barnes, Secretary of National Ranch 
Grange, National City, Cal., will at once intro- 
duce fruit growers to parties who have ample 
means and ample experience to make a success 
of fruit canning in San Diego county, and will 
be ready for the crop of the coming season. 

If fruit growers wish to get a uniform price, 
a ready market and cash for their productions, 
and wish to place the matter beyond a contin- 
gency for the coming crop, they. will addre'S a 
postal card conveying the requisite information, 
as suggested above. 

A Delaware Grange Fruit Enterprise. 

The above action by the National Ranch 
Grange shows how the Granges can be turned 
to practical business account in every neighbor- 
hood if the members are so disposed. Similar 
things are being done in other States, as we 
learn from the address of the W. M. of the 
Delaware State Grange that the Delaware Pa- 
trons are contemplating an enterprise to im- 
prove their fruit market. The situation is de- 
scribed as follows: 

Our experience in fruit-growing and fruit cur- 
ing mnst have convinced everyone that every 
additional mile to which the grower has shipped 
his fruit— himself bearing the expense and tak- 
ing the risk— in hope of a better market has 
been to the business an igni'i Jalum. In 1874 
growers perfected arrangtments with the rail- 
roads to ship fruit direct to Boston and other 
Eastern cities. This wholesale effort to ship on 
commission to every considerable town east of 
the Djlaware was soon followed by the per 

fected arrangements with the railroads to Bhip 

with like risk to every considerable point as far 
west as Chicago. This accomplished, we foucd 
we had killed the goose that we hoped would lay 
for us golden eggs. Cash buyers were stopped 
from their business, and in self-defense were 
driven to receive our fruit on commission 
Evaporated fruits and canned goods are fast 
drifting into the same tide that swept away 
cash purchasers from green fruit. Each year 
finds our fruit preserving establishments seek 
ing a market farther and farther away, them 
selves bearing the increased expense and the 
additional risk, and at last taking reduced 
figures for their product when sold in the far 
off market. 

Notwii.hstanding the difiSculty that mnst at 
tend any effort to change the practice of con 
signing fruits to distant markets for sale on 
commission, yet I am persuaded that if a com 
mittee of this Grange could take the necessary 
time to digest this subject of a Fruit Exchange 
they would evoive much light from our present 

As aids to their investigations and report, I 
have no doubt the enterprising men of \Vil 
mington would co-operate, and it may be that 
during the session of our nest Legislature 
charter may be obtained for a joint- stock Fruit 
Exchange to be located at Wilininnton, or some 
other convenient point, under rules and regula 
tions that will at least retain a near market for 
our manipulated fruits, and possibly work 
some benefit for the trade in uncured fruits. 

Election of Officers. 

[Secretaries are retiuestcd to send further reports and 

CERE.S Grange— Stanislaus County.— .1. N, 
Cook, M.; R. K. Whitmore, 0.; Mrs. .L N 
Browse, L. ; G. L. Dean, S. : John Service, T, 
U. G. Munger, Sec'y; Wm. Brown, G. K ; Miss 
Aurelia Chapin, C. ; Miss \'irginia Henderson, 
Ceres; Miss Mamie Whitmore, Pomona; Miss 
Nettie Browse, L A. S. 

Lincoln Grange — Placer County. — J. S 
PhilbrKk, M ; J. Cook, O.; H. Newtin, L.; C 
Crrok. S.; Z. Jobe, A. S.; Mrs. R. Keaton, C 
Mrs. H. Newton, T.; A. .T. Sonle. Sec'y; L. N 
Scott. G. K. ; Mis. H. Paters, Pomona; Misp 
Lou Newton, Flora; Mrs. E. M. Cook, Cares 
Mi-s Mary Groff, L. A. S. 

Vaulejo Grange — Solano County.— S. ? 
Drake, M.; J. F. Deming, 0.; H. B. Deming, 
L ; W. S. Farmer, S. ; .Jerome Hunter, A. S. 
Mrs. S. Hobbs, C. ; Miss Flora Hunter, T. ; Miss 
Clara Djming, Sec'y; A. T. R ibinson, G. K 
Mrs. F. A. Mosley, Cares; Miss Azgie Hunter 
Pomona; Miss E. Corwin, Flora: Miss Ixoae 
Drake, L. A. S. 

Point of Timber Grange — Contra Coast 
Co. — C. J. Preston, M.; Volney Taylor, 
Mrs. S. M. Mills. L ; A. Plumley. S.; Vernon 
Taylor, A. S. ; A. Richardson, C. ; Levina Plum, 
ley. T.; Mary J. Carter, Sec'y; George Cople, 

G. K ; Mrs. C. J. Breton, Ceres; Mrs. Jarcjuil 
lard, Pomona; Mrs. G. W. T. Carter, Flora 
Ida Plumley, L. A. S.; S. Millv, Trustee. 

Lorn Grange — San Joaquin Co. — J. J. Hoff- 
man, M.; R. Pixley, 0.; Sister E. H. Scott, L, 
C. Alliso", S.; S. Ferdun, A. S.; A. A Gurn 
sey, C; J. M. Fowler, T.; O. O. Norton, Sec'y 
tl. Sabio. G. K ; Sister A. Post, Ceres; Sister 
Nelson, Pomona; Sister Norton, Flora; Sister 
Sabin. L. A. S. 

Elliott Grange — San .1 jaquin County. 
Times N. Hoyt, M.; J. Wiltse. 0.: Mrs. M. E. 
Emslie, L.; Frank Hitter, S. ; Wm. Funis, A. S. ; 
.Mrs. F. L. Johnson, C; Mrs. Wm. Ennis, T. 

H. H. West, Sec'y; Mrs. R. M. Dinnals, G. K 
Mrs. Wakefield, ( jres; Mrs. J. N. Hoyt, 1\ 
mona; Mrs. Wm. Bernard, Flora; Miss .lennie 
Wiltse, L. A. S. ; Miss M. E. Emslie, Organist 
lattiUation, Jan. 13, 1883 

Wheatland Grange — Vnba County. — P. L 
Hutchington, M.; Julius Hollist/er, O. ; John 
Steinway, L. ; W. G. Jasper, S.; D. I. Wood, 
A. S.; Sister Kate Wood, C; Frank Lofton, T, 

I. W. Huffiker, Sec'y; Wm. Muck. G. K 
Sister Dam, Pomona; Rosa Ostrom, Flora; Sis- 
ter Eraser, Ceres; Sister Emma D. Scott, L 
A. S. 

Eden Grange — Alameda County. — L B. An- 
way, M.; T. Hauschildt, O.; Mrs. R. Perham, 
L ; T. Hellar, S. ; Miss Roxy Dennis, A. S. ; 
Mrs. F. J. Anway, C. ; L. Stone, T.; Miss J. 
Sharai, Sec'y; Miss Mary Anway, G. K.; 
Mrs. E. Hellar, Pomona; Mrs. S. E. Dennis, 
Flora; Mrs. C. L. Hauschildt, Ceres; Miss Dora 
Anway, L. A. S. 

Stockton Grange — Bro. James Marsh, M ; 
Bro. T. M. Ketchum, 0.; Sister 1). W. Ashley, 
L. ; Bro. J. L. Beecher, S. ; Bro. G. H. Ashley, 
A. S.; Sister J. B. Boody, L ; Bro. C. Gratton, 
T.; Sister L. E. Overhiser, Sec; Bro. Will H. 
O 'erhiser, 6. K.; Sister 0. Jji es. Ceres; Sister 
Tannie Utt, Pomona; Sister O-pha Marsh, 
Flora; Sistei- Flora Harelson, L A. S. 

Santa Rosa Grange, No. 17— HiS p'eoted 
the following officers: E. W. Davis, M ; John 
Adams, O.; Geo. W. Davis, L. ; E. A. Rogers, 
S.; T. J. Hawkins, A. S. ; Mrs. S. T. 
Coulter. Chaplain; S. T. Coulter, Secre- 
tary; .lulius Ort, Treas.; A. J. Mills, G. 
K.; Mrs. E. W. Davis, Pomona; Mrs. John 
Peterson, Flora; Mrs. Geo. W. Divis, Ceres; 
Miss Emma Mills, L. A. S. The above named 
will be installed on the 13th of January, at 
which time a class of five will receive the third 
and fourth degrees. The otfioers elect in Ben- 
net Valley Grange, No. IG, will be installed 
on Saturday, January 6l;h. There will be a 
class of candidates who will receive the third 
and fourth degrees. 

Plymodth Grange— Amador Co.— J. SallM 
M. ; Sister S. J. Worly, O. ; S. C. Wheeler 
Sio'y; Sister M. E. Wheeler, L ; W. McMil 
Ian. S.; W. n. Sallee, A. S.; U. Vanderpool. 
C; John Sharp, T.; Charles Smith, G. K.; M., 
B Moore, Ceres; Minnie Gregg, Pomona; Clara 
N. Sallee, Flora; Louise Gregg, L. A. S. 

Bknnett Vallev Grange— Sonoma Co. — 
G. N. Wbitaker, M.; Chas. Da Turk, 0.; I 
DeTurk, L.; Don Mills, S.; Chas. D Bonner, 
A. S. ; H. Talbot, C. ; N. Carr, T. ; J. P. Whita 
ker, Sec'y; D. Bremner, G. K.; Mrs. L. Da 
Turk, Pomona; Miss Martha Lumsden, Flora 
Miss Sarah Lacque, Ceres; Mrs. Frankie Tal 
bot, L. A. S. 

The Granf:,ers' Bank. 

The new Bank Commissioners — Farnum and 
Litchfield — made a thorough examination of the 
affairs of the bank last week, and report the 
same to be in a sound and prosperous condition. 
Following is the statement of resources and 


Bank premises ( 91,350 

Otli?r real estate 41 15' 

Luaiiat)!! real estate 117,!iS0 

Loans on stock?, bonds and warrants 21.'.)' 

Loans on other I ccurities 709.731 

Loans on personal security 231,980 

Money on hand 100,40s 

Kuruiture, fixtures, etc 3,000 

Interest accrued 24 301 

Expenses, taxej, etc 25,209 

Total resources 81,427,1 


Capital paid up $ 646 S50 

Reserve fund 12,494 

Due depositors 492 82s 

Interest collected i4.8l0 

Rents, exchanjre. etc 94 » 

Dividends unpai 1 3,7(il 

Olher liabilities. 315 UfiO 

Total liibilities 11,427,177 

This is the sixth examination which has bsen 
made of the affiirs of the bat k by the consti- 
tuted authorities, and each tune a favorable re- 
port has been rendered. 

Union Installation of Sacrdmento County 

Ed;tor» Pre-ss: — Euterprise. American River, 
Florin and Sacramento Granges will as- 
sen^ble at Eaterprise hall the third Saturday of 
January, '83, to install the ctfiaers of their re 
specliva Granges. A class will t»ke the fourth 
degree with harvest feast. W. S. M., Dan'l Flint 
is expected to arrive the 10th of January. A 
arge class is being taken through at American 
River Grange. Georce Rich, 

Eden-Temescal. — Eden Grange has invited 
Temescal Grange to join with the former at 
Haywards, on the 20'.h, for joint installation of 
officers, thereby repeating their neighborly ac . 
of last year. No doubt a large attendance and 
^ood time will be had. 

St. Helena Grange has postponed its in 
itallation from the 6ch of January until a later 
date. Bros. Adams and \\'eb3ter have p<'omi8ed 
to 1)3 present. 

An Earnest Friend. 

Kditokh Prbss:— I rfceivcd niy paper to duy with bhic 
notice on it of expiration of time paid for. Do not dii- 
coutinue it, but send it )i,;hl alonff, as we cannot do 
withoui it It is our oldest family piper, havintr been a 
subscriber nearly ever sine*? hid an exisienie. The 
children are anxious for Saturday to onnie, in order to 
i:et the Prb^s. One sinvie copy would be sad'y missed. 
I will forward the money directly. 1 hope to be able to 
send yoo an article for your Soulhctn Culitornii edition. 

Anaheim, Dec. 2Uh. Tmrodork SraLm 

I Thanks. Such friends are the backtooe of 
our enterprise. We shall be glad to receive the 
promised article. If all our readers will pre- 
pare to contribute to our special editionc, tak- 
ing the subject whic'i suits them be8^, we shall 
be pleased, and the papers ^ eaily improved. 
— EhiTons Press ] 

Knight's Ferry Granges. — The handsomest 
oranges we have seen this year were received 
last week from W. E. Stewart, of Knight's 
Ferry, Stanislaus county. There waj a cluster 
of six oranges growing around a twig not more 
than six inches in length. Toe fruit was almost 
of uniform size, as the circumferential measure- 
ment was from 10 to 12 inches each. Toe fruit 
was perfectly clean and of a deep rich color. 
The cluster came from a seedling tree 10 yearo 
old, and from similar trees Mr. Stewart has 
marketed 3 000 orauges this season, soma of 
them 14 inches in circumference. This cer- 
tainly shows that the ftothills of Stanislaus 
county can produce early and magnificent 

It is reported that the sub-committee of the 
Senate Committee un Railroads has agreed to 
eport favorably the bill for the consolidation of 
tie Southern Pacific and Texas Pacific railroadc, 
on condition that the cousnlidated company 
agrees to establish rates ut transportation of 
freight and passengers in accordance with the 
public interests. 


No Name. — One of our subscribers has sent 
us $3 in postage stamps from Napa without 
giving name. Who is it ? 



Vine Planting.— Li vermore Herald: There 
is already a marked activity in our vineyard 
belt, and preparations for large planting] are 
now in prooress on every hand. The young 
vineyards are now being cleared of weeds, and 
the missing vines replaced. Deep plowing for 
this winter's planting, which will reach about 
1,500 acres, will be begun immediately after the 
first heavy rain. 

New Canal —Erposiior, Dec. 27 ; A oanal 
scheme is being talked of which has for its ob- 
ject the carrying of water from King's river 
across to the other side of the valley to some 
point west of Summit lake, whence it would be 
taken down the west side of the valley and on 
t'le upper side of the Sin Joaquin or Miller & 
Lux canal. It would be designed to irrigate 
the land lying between it and the Miller & Lux 
canal. Its construction would involve the 
building of about half a mile of Hume, at a oott 
of about ■S'lO.OOO. 

Raisins —Santa Ana Herald: McPherson 
Bros., of Orange, have suffered no damage by 
the recent rains, by ''he exercise of constant 
watchfulness. Mr. R. McPherson informs us 
that if the weather is at all unsettled he does 
not retire during the night, but frequently re- 
mains up several nights at a time. He thinkj 
it will become necessary for raisin manufactur- 
ers to provide a covering of lumber for their 
product while drying, as the coverings now used 
are liable to be torn or blown away by the wind. 
McP.ierson Bms. do not place their brand on 
the inferior grades of raisins packed by them 
under contract with dealers who purchase the 
crops of many small vineyard owner?, and 
there are many inferior raisins in these oonsign- 

Orange 0RAN0Ea.--7'imefi.- Mr. L. Butler, of 
Orange, a few days ago made a shipment of 
oranges to San Francisco, which brought .?(> 50 
per box, an increase of $1.50 per box more than 
the highest market prices. The variety was 
the Navel. 

NicA.sio Dairymen. — San Rafael Journal: 
The dairymen of Nicasio met on Wednesday 
evening of last week at the Nicasio hotel, pur- 
suant to request made at the .State Convention, 
and perfected a district organization. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected: President, T. H. 
Eitey: Vice- President, M. V. 15. Miller; .Second 
\'ic?- President, C. Murray; Secretary, D. W. 
Taylor; Treasurer, A. Bolli; Sergeant at-Arms, 
.1. Travarsi. The report of tiie delegation to 
the State Convention wa? received and ap- 
proved. A code of by-laws was adoptfd, and 
the body adjourned to Saturday, Dec .SOth. 

A Canal Esterpri.<e. — Dispatch from Mer- 
ced, Jan. Idt: Eleven bundled shares of the 
tock of the Farmers' Canal Company were sold 
here on Saturday last to C. H. HufTman, of 
this town, and Coarlea Crocker, President of 
the Southern Pacific Riilroad Company. The 
whole ncmhnrof shares of thecompany is 1,574, 
valued at $80,000. Thus they have secured 
two-thirds of the stork, and will proceed at 
once to enlarge and extend the cai>al and fur- 
nish water for irrigating all the valley, from the 
foothills to the San Joxjuin river, and between 
the Merced river and M<tr:'posa creek. The en- 
terprise will give a greater impetus to business 
in Merced cmnty than anythiug that has ever 
taken place — not even excepting the building of 
ihe railroad. 

PocLTKY Dlsease. — Democrat: A mysteri- 
O'ls disease has been making havoc among the 
poultry owned by residents of this town. It 
is worse than cholera among human beings, be- 
ing as sudden in its operation as strychnine or 
any other deadly poison. Fowls which have 
fed heartily the evening previous are found 
dead under their roosts the next mornrap, nor 
s there in the appearance of their bodies exter- 
nally any nianifeetation of disease. Turkeys 
and duuks, belonging to the same poultry yards, 
do not seem to be attacked by the malady. 
This we report from personal observation; 
nearly all the chickens on our premises have 
perished, and some ducks and turkeys feeding 
with them having escaped entirely. Of nearly 
fifty hens and roosters about half a dozen sur- 
vive at this writing, and we hear of equal mor- 
tality in other poultry yards. Coupled with 
this disorder we have observed that the nights 
of its extremest virulence were close and foggy, 
and we are inclined to connect it with those at- 
inospherio conditions. With the setting in of 
the rains, our opinion is, the disease will dis- 

The MoRKL Grape.— St. Helena .?'ar, Deo. 
19: E. Morel, foreman for Mr. Sch<fll;r, showed 
US recently a young vine now in the second year 
from the seed which he has grown from seeds 
sent in the spring of 'SI by his brother in India 
from vines on the slopes of the Himmaleh moun- 
tains. The brother is a superintendent for a 
rajah, and wnt;s that he rode 2.")0 miles to de- 
posit the letter in an floglish post office. The 
seedlings grew enormously, and Mr. M. has 
chritttned them with his own name, a com- 
pliment which we hope to see justified by a good 

January 6, ]883.] 

pAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 


West Side, — Editobs Press: No merrier 
bells could have rung in our new year than the 
dripping rain. After a continued dry epell, 
without Bufficient moisture to bring up the 
grain, farmers were becoming apprehensive that 
last year's failure was to be repeated. Yester- 
day it began snowing about noon, and kept 
steadily falling until after dark, the enow then 
being several inches deep. Never have we seen 
such a snow storm in California. To day, al- 
though rain has fallen all forenoon, the ground 
is still white with snow. A large area of land 
has been sown this year. This timely moist- 
ure will revive hope in everv breast. — Mrs. J. 
M. K. Tracy. 


Legi.slativb Action. — Mercury, Dec. 27: At 
the last meeting of the Santa Clara County Vit- 
icultaral Society the Chairman, J. B. J. Por- 
tal, was instructed to appoint two other persons 

that Marysville never looked prettier than it 
does this year with its trees loaded down with 
the rich golden fruit. And yet we hear men 
say that there is no garden or agricultural land 
in the valley worth preserving from the mining 


Cattle in Honey Lake. — There are about 
4,000 head of cattle being wintered in Honey 
Lake valley. A Honey Liker informs the 
Reno Gazette that a hay famine is expected in 
that locality before spring. 

Napoleon the Third. 

The pear Napoleon the Third is shown in out- 
line in the engravings on this page, as grown 
noon the University grounds at Berkeley. Mr, 

Klee fays: The tree is a vigorous grower and of 

t"act with himsell M^Tcomm^^ good habit, the fruit-spurs often irmed 

tion. He asked and was granted time in which ' st'ff, sharp thorns. The fruit varies in form, as 
to make such appointments, but has now se- 
lected as his associates N. J. Haines and W. B. 
Rankin, both members of the Horticultural So- 
ciety, it being especially desirable that this last 
society and the Viticulturalists sh&ll act in con- 


Blackleg. — Yreka Journal, Dec. 29; This 
cattle epidemic continues to prevail in the 
Klamath Lake region, Butte Creek valley and 
Modoc county, but will not reach this section 
before spring, or probably not until next fall. 
It affects only calves, and once iu a great while 
a yearling. Calves were worth !J15 a head all 
summer at Butte Creek valley, and are not 
worth anyt'aing now, as no one will buy, neither 
will anybody eat veal meat at present. Calves 
are also cheaper here, because cattle men do not 
want to buy a band with the prospects of losiog 
them by this fatal disease. It is diflisult 
to tell the disease, as calves drop down to 
die before any symptoms are discovered. 
In one instance at Fairchild's some 400 
head of calves were driven into a corral, 
when one discovered limping was chased 
for examination, and ran off as well as any, 
eating hay like any well calf just weaned, 
but in two hours after it was dead. 
Another sick calf was caught by Blair, 
who experimented in the way of attempt- 
ing to bleed it. He cut the ears, tail and 
leg, but could not draw any blood. The 
cause of the disease is said by European 
authority to arise from feeding on low un- 
drained ranges, but the greatest loss in Batte 
Creek valley has been on the highlands or 

horse pasture. Mr. Churchill received a letter 

Monday from Cirlos Dorria, of Modoc, who ob- 
tained a remedy from a traveler which cured a 

calf so that it was all right again in a short 

time. The remedy consisted of a tablespoonful 

of saltpeter and same amount of salt dissolved 

in water, which amount of saltpeter would be 

enough to kill a throe-year-old steer in healthy 

condition, but physicians think saltpeter would 

be good for any blood disease. About every 

two or three years the cattle men are troubled 

some way, just as the market for beef becomes 

good, although disease has never affected cattle 

before in this country. A few years ago great 

loss was sustained by reason of a long severe 

winter and scarcity of hay, and this year, when 

the weather has b:en so pleasant, with feed 

good and abundant, an unexpected disease has 

greatly interfered with the prosperity of the 

business. Experiments of all kinds have been 

made by cattle doctors and others, but no thor- 
oughly reliable remedy has been found for black- 


Unseasonable Fruit.— Petaluma Courier, 
Dac. 27 : G. R. Skinner, fruit dealer of this 
city, brought lo the Courier office last week 
branches of the apple, pear and cherry trees 
all in full bloom and all grown in this section. A. 
Walker, of this city, last week gathered from 
the vines growing out doors in his garden a dish 
of ripe raspberries. He also furnished Tom Mc- 
Guire's drug store with a branch of ripe berries 
of the same vine. 

Dairy Cows.— Santa Rosa Republican, Dec. 
28: It may seem strange, yet it is neverthe- 
less true, that fresh milch cdws are very scarce 
in this section of the country. Buyers of cows 
for family use in the city have been scouring 
the country near and far for fresh cows and 
paying high prices for them. As a consequence, 
all the cows are being picked up except those 
belonging to regular dairy ranches. 


Hop Poles.— Sacramento Bee: A large lot 
of hop poles from the slickens fields above 
Marysville was received here to day by hop 

Parasites in a Fly's Tongue. 

The microscope isconstantly revealing wonder 
after wonder. The latest observation isfromami- 
croscopist at Cincinnati, who has been examin- 
ing the anatomy of the common house fly, the 
tongue or proboscis of which he has ascertained 
is quite commonly inhabited by parasities. The 
operator had caught a Hy, decapitated it and 
taken out the tongue. The reporter of the Cin- 
cinnati Commercial, who was present, writes as 

Under ';he microscope the proboscis bore a 
decided resemblance to a rough, uneven log, 
overgrown with dark, thick moss, at one end of 
which were a number of black projections hav- 
ing the ap[ earance of heavy spikes driven into 
the log, but which were in reality infinitely 
small hairs. It was certainly a formidable 
looking object in its magnified state. The ex- 
perienced eye of the professor detected a slight 
vibration upon the surface of the log, and that 
particular specimen of fly-tongue was pro- 

News in Brief. 


the two specimens shown in the cuts, from ovate nounced one of those for which we sought 
to almost round, iften compressed sideways. The tongue was inhabited and again the fly 
to almost , ^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ inserted had proved a success. The operation which 

followed was one of extreme caution and skill- 
ful manipulation, and consisted 'n splitting the 
organ lengthwise, which was successfully ac- 
complished under the small microscope, with 
instruments of most delicate texture, requiring 

The stem is rather short and stout, 
squarely at the summit of the fruit. The skin 
is thick. I'he ground color is a dull yellow, cov- 
ered more or less with patches of lUEset; occa- 
sionally with a bright cheek on the sunny side. 
The calyx is open, its lobes pointing straight 
downward; basin medium. The core is rather 
large, seeds well developed— large. The flesh 
is white, tine grained, somewhat gritty around 
the core, buttery, sweet, juicy, slightly visccua. 
A good Napoleon the Third ripens in Berkeley 
in the beginning of .January, and keeps well. 

wao .cv^^i.^v* J -J — r I No doubt it Can with care be kept to March. 

One cent each was paid for them as Being an early and abundant bearer, and a pear 

^ ..... I .. .. 1 f .U: .4- anarvta vonrt.n 


they stood, but the sellers were not the former 
owners of the ruined land, but James O'Brien, 
a hydraulic miner, purchased the sandlots some 
time ago to have the land condemned and pur- 
chased by the State for use of brush and 
for location for dams if the State needed them. 

Marysville ORANaE.s.— Cbico Ent^rprist: 
This Jmorning we were shown by .f. H, Krause 
a specimen of the fruit grown in the gardens of 
Marysville, a Japanese orange, measuring 15 
inches around. Tnere were eight of these on a 
small twig, showing a tremendous growth. 
The tree from which this branch was taken 
stands in the garden of Fred, iiistman, and is 
14 years old. The fragrance of these oranges 
is delightful, and the flavor when fully ripe su- 
perior to any other kind. Mr. Krause says 

well adapted for shipping, it seems worth 
recommending to the fruit grower. 

Steel vs. Iron Rails.— The gradual disuse 
of iron rails is shown by the fact that in the 
last few months this country has entirely 
ceased to import them from Great Britain, and 
that in the eif>bt months ending with August 
there was a decrease in their exportation from 
England of lCi%. The steel rail expoiti, how- 
ever, in the same length of time, increased from 
3.39 G8G to 505,017 tonf. Our own rolling-milla 
are also turning out a much larger proportion 
of stei 1 rails. The mills at Pueblo. Colorado, 
are fitted up for making steel rails only, of 
which they turn out about 1,000 per day. 

Judge Sawyer is visiting the slickens district 
in Yuba county. 

During the past year .1525,000 has been paid 
out for labor at the Mare Island Navy Yard. 

A Dispatch from Peoria says the whisky in- 
terests there oaid $13,714,000 during the year 

The vessels from foreiern ports which arrived 
at New York during 1882 numbered G,47G, in- 
cluding 1,945 steamers. 

Smith, the murderer of his son by command 
of the Lord, at Santa Ana, has been taken to 
San Qiientin under a life sentence. 

H. H. Barlow blew out tho gas in his room 
at the Western hotel, Sacramento, Saturday 
night. He was found dead in his bed, 

Chicago advices report that the east-bound 
freight shipments the past week were nearly 
20,000 tons greater than any previous week. 

The number of men employed in the navy 
I yard is to be reduced. Skilled mechanics and 
workmen generally are not affected by the order 
of the Secretary. 

The amalgamated Iron and Steel Workers' 
Union met at St. l..oui8 Saturday and decided 
not to accept the reduction of wages proposed 
by the Ore and Steel Co, 

Before the middle of next month the entire 
cable system contemplated originally by the 
Chicago City railway company will be completed 
and cable cars running on three lines. 

In London business circles anticipations of a 
fair year are very generally entertained, and the 
prospects for the American market are decidedly 
improving, so far as the English demand is con- 

The dredge of the Okeechobee Draining Co., 
woik ng on the Calocsahatchie river, has entered 
Lake Okeechobee. This opens a navigable chan- 
nel from the heart of the Everglades to the Gulf 
of Mexico. 

At New York agents of the leading steamship 
lines complain that the shipping trade is in any- 
thing but a satisfactory condition. The British 
lines complain of the competition of the email 
and slow independent steamers known as ocean 

The officers of the Chicago Exposition pro- 
pose that the city government allow them 4% 
dividends on their ttock per annum and allow 
certain annual improvements, and that the bal- 
ance of money earned be set aside for a public 
ait museum. 

Nothing has resulted from recent investiga- 
tions at Dublin Castle, and the police are ap- 
parently as far as ever from the track of the 
murderers. Westgate, who was brought back 
from Jamaica at no little expense, is simply a 
half-insane impostor, whom there ia no law to 

The legal holidayp, other than Sundays, for 
1883 will fall as followf: Twenty-second of 
February (Washington's Birthday), Thursday; 
30th of May (Decoration Day), Wednesday; 
Fourth of July (Independence day), Wednes- 
day; 25th of December (Christmas), Tuesday. 
Thanksgiving is selected by the President, and 
usually falls on a Thursday. If Admission day 
is observed it will be on a Monday, the 9th 
of September falling on a Sunday. 

The number of real estate sales in San 
Francisco in 1881 was 2,277, amounting 
to $12,233,933, while 2,835 sales, of 
the value of .$15,1277,20, were made in 
1882. The increase was, in value, mostly in the 
business portion of the city. Down-town busi- 
ness property of all kinds has increased in value 
within a year $50,000,000. Many properties 
lying north of California street, which had been 
for sale for one to three yetrs and could find no 
buyers, all went off in 18S2, and generally at an 
advance on the old prices. 

The Stfam Cheese Vat Patent — We learn 
from the Ucica Herald that the eastern factory- 
men who use steam vats are proceeding with 
their organization against the claimant of a pat- 
ent on the use of steam for heating steam vats. 
Enough subscribers have signed to guarantee a 
fund for legal expenses, and the matter will be 
pushed to an issue in the courts. Pdrhaps some 
California factorymen would like to stand in on 
the matter, and if so, thev may address B. D. 
Gilbert, Secretary Utica D.>irymen'8 Board of 
Trade, Utica, New York. 

the greatest care in their use. The operation 
resulted favorably, and sure enough the "crit- 
ter" was there. He had taken up his residence 
for the time being inside the tongue, although 
it has been demonstrated that he possesses the 
power of loaming at his own sweet will either 
inside or outside of his field of operation. He 
was captured without much of a contest, and 
was imprisoned in a small drop of water, 
which was placed upon a glass slide with a con- 
cave center, and subjected to the searching 
revelations of the microscope. He appeared to 
take naturally to his new element, and mani 
fested a surprising activity in his liquid ([uar- 
ters. He was pronounced by the professor to 
be a very handeome specimen. He was almoit 
transparent, had a fl*t head and the body of a 
serpent. And how he did squirm, filliiig the 
entire space of his miniature aquarium with his 
writhings and convulsions. By actual measure 
ment this one was found by Mr. Mickelbor 
ough to be 93 1000 of an inch in diameter 
The greatest number ho has ever found on i 
single fly's tongue was three— enough, in all 
conscience ! 

F/nwANDA. — We have received a pamphlet 
from the ChafTey Bros, descriptive of P^tiwanda, 
the new settlement in San Bernardino county, 
south of Mount Cucamooga. It contains a 
beautiful lithographic map of Etiwanda, show- 
ing its picturesque position and romantic sur- 
roundings. It ulso contains a description of the 
origin of the settlement, its objects and advan- 
tages, that cannot fail to impress the reader. 
The book also contains a plat of the settlement, 
showing the manner in which it is laid out, and 
the plat will be a valuable guide to all looking 
for a settlement in that section. 

EoYi'TiAN Corn. — In some portions of tho 
San Joaquin valley Egyptian corn, or Dhoura, 
has become (juite a popular crop, and is re- 
garded by many farmers as a better feed grain 
than barley. In connection with the mention 
that Messrs. Barry & Garner had thrashed out 
10,000 sacks of the white variety of Egyptian 
corn this season, the Fresno Exponilor says that 
quantity dues not represent onb-fourth the crop 
raised in the county. The Expositor also says 
its yield of grain per acre is greater than that of 
barley, averaging about 40 buahels, and fre- 
quently producing double that quaLtity, while a 
more certain crop than barley. 


fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 

[January 6, 1883 

My South Wind 

iWntlen for RrajkL PRI8S by E. K-l 

Slemdilv blow, my wind, eteacily O, 

r«uhfa!ly, faithful y blow; 
Up vtiib a will to the mooniUDS ao Mill, 

Over the meadows belov. 

My 8 thy spcedine we wait, 

Ai J cloadB you keep— 

Mant re the Raia k Dgs are, 

Awii ,;. ii • isureleis deep. 

O prcud and strontr. l>^e *° ocean tovg, 

Steauily. hau.-htily blow; 
And uver the air aow mute with a prayer, 

An anthem of raining throw. 

Uy South Wind brave, sweep op from the wave 

Ea',b weary and panionate clood. 
To weep out it« pain on tbv breast with raiu, 

— My comforter, crowned and proud. 

My Ruler, my King! come in triumph and bring 

The hope of your heart, my love; 
Chanting the strain of the on-coming rain, 

Borne on thy pinions above. 

My Motlier ?n-Law. 

A Sketch. 
iWiitten for the RiRiL Pstsa by I. H.) 
How well I remember the tirat time I saw her 
sitting oat of doors on a lovely summer evening 
larronnded by her children. They were of all 
ages, from 10 to 24, yoaog men and maidens, 
as well as girls and boys, bat to her they were 
all "the children" stiU, as she was t3 them the 
ideal mother. 

I was a ehy, awkward boy of 16 who had 
come to attend school in the neighborhood, an 
had brought from my annt a letter of introdac 
tion to Mrs. Grey. This I had sent to her the 
day before, and now, as I advanced ap the gar 
den path, she rose from her seat and came for 
ward to meet me. The pleasant smile, the 
warm clasp of the hand, as the called me by my 
name, scattered much of my usnal tashfalness 
at once. She did not pat me through the 
ordeal of a series of introductions; she merely 
said: ' Children, this is Frank Fielding, whose 
mother was my dearest friend at school 
Then, turning tD me, she said: "I shall not puz 
zle yoa with a string of names, Frank; yon 
will soon find out for yourself which is Kate 
and which is George, and all the rest of them 
Now, sit down and tell me about yoar good 
aunt and yoar father." 

While I answered her questions the girls 
were flitting hither a::d thither; two of the boys 
broaght cue a tible and chairs, and presently 
Mr. Grey appeared, and we all sa^ down to tea 
under the drooping branches of a migniticeot 
oak which stood near the house. 

Then the merry chatter began, and very soon 
I knew all the family names, and amused my- 
self by trying to apportion each to its proper 
owner. When the daylight faded we went in- 
doors, and all too soon the evening was ended 
which seemed to me one of the pleaaantest I 
had ever spent. 

It was my first glimpse of home life, utterly 
unlike any I had known before. My father 
was a grave, stern man whose one ray of sun- 
shine had passed away when my mother died, 
after a single year of wedded life. Kind to me 
always, and conscientious in fattilling all a fa- 
ther's duties, he never knew how to unbend, 
and I feared as much as I loved him. Hi' 
older sister, who had come to t&ks charge of 
his house and me was very like him in charac- 
ter and in manner, and I had grown up in an 
atmosphere of restraint and repression. 

What a revelit on it was to me as I grew 
more familiar with this happy family : For it 
soon came to pass that I spent ail my leisure 
evenings with them. There I saw the father 
and mother treated almost like an elder brother 
and sister, called pet names, coaxed and even 
teased or j jked, yet never with a shadow of dis- 
respect; love ruling the whole household, the 
fair reflection upon earth of that perfect love 
which cisteth out fear. 

I was soon the familiar friend of the bovs 

aud as such treated with entire lack of cere- 
Eiony by their eisters. Bright, attractive girls, 
they were much admired by all the young men of 
their at quaintance ;but if in those early days I fell 
in love with any one under that hospitable roof, 
it was with the mother rather than with any of 
the daughters. 

Vears sped on. My schooldays finished, I 
entered a bank in the same town, and settled 
down to a man's woik aud a man's duties. 
Then it was that a sadden light dawnad upon 
me. Wedding aft sr wedding I had attended 
where either bride or bridegroom had belonged 
to the Gray family. The home nest was almost 
deserted ; only the youngest daughter remained. 
What if some one should steal her away ? i 
could never go to that wedding, never see my 
little .Jennie given to another. A/y liltle JennU: 
I did go to her wedding very swn after; but it 
was to stand beside the fair bride, and to take 

her into my own keeping "till death do na 

And now did a sadden change come o'er 
the spirit of my dream. Mrs. Gray had 
seemed to me one of the nobleit of women; 
was she henceforth my natural enemy becanse 
she had become my mother-in-law ? Let the 
record of those years answer. 

Did any chaTige disturb the even tenor of our 
lives, whether it was joy or sorrow, the first 
one we sent for was "Slother." Children were 
born to ue; they were first welcomed to her 
arm», watched over night and day until their 
yoncg mother was restored to her asual strength 
and health, and ever after as much at home at 
grandmamma's as under our own roof. If one 
of them fell ill she was at our side, relieving half 
oar anxiety by her mere presence. Was there 
an interesting lecture or a concert to which I 
wished to take my wife, or a pleasant excnrsion 
to be enjoyed on a holiday, she could go with 
an easy conscience and a light heart if only the 
babies were with mother. 

Now, as I look back I wonder at the salfish 
ness which allowed us to make all snch de 
mands upon her time and strength, for there 
were five other families of married sons and 
daughters to whom she was all that she was to 

The cfScioas inteiference so often charged 
against mothers-in-law, as a class, we never 
knew frnmher; perhaps because we never looked 
for it. Kind words of counsel and advice, given 
frankly when they were needed, seemed to me, 
as to my wife, fitting and proper coming from 
our mother. How much we owed to her wis 
dom, her discretion and her tact we never knew 
until we lott her presence from amongst us 

In the midst of her busy and useful life the 
summons came, so suddenly that it seemed im 
possible to reahz9 it. But yesterday she was 
with 08, full of eager sympathy aa we talked of 
our plans for the future; and now — could it be 
that she was dying? 

My poor little wife, with an infant but three 
days old, was instantly alarmed by her absence, 
and threatened with serions illness from grief 
and anxiety. I went from one to the other 
with messages of love and tenderness. All was 
peace with her whose wotk on earth was ended 
and in quietness and confidence we waited, her 
last care being still for her children. 

^\'hen all was over I turned away with 
very heavy heart to bear the sorrowful tidings 
to my wife. As I walked down the street I 
was too mach absorbed in my own thoughts to 
notice a group of young men with whom I was 
acquainted until I was accosted by one of them 
'•Hello, Fielding; what'd the matter ? What 
makes you look so blue V " 

"Why," e'claimed another, "to look at you 
a fellow wonld think yoa had lost yoar mother 

This witty sally was received with a shout of 
laughter, as sach remarks invariably are. I 
waited for one moment until the merriment 
had subsided, then 1 said: "My wife's dear and 
honored mother died an hour ago. She herself 
is lying ill at home, and I am on my way to 
break the news to her. Good morning, gentle- 

I tamed away aa silence fell on the party, 
and was gone before there was time for ezplaoa 
tion or apology. 

Vears have passed, and time has softened our 
first keen sense of sorrow, bat still we miss the 
faithfa! friend, the wise counsellor, the loving 
and unselfish companion; and of^en, as I read 
the taunts and sneers thrown oat at those who 
atand in the same relation to others, I am filled 
with indignation, for the story I have given 
from my own experience finds the counterpart 
•very day in countless houses throughout the 
length and breadth of the land. Women, good 
and true, are daily contradicting by their use 
ful lives idle and silly accusations which are 
broaght against them; and it is time that some 
of those who owe them so large a debt of grati 
tade should speak out as I have done in this li:- 
tie tribute to the memory of my Mother in 


U'alnut creek. 

Christmas at Golden Gate Park. 

[Written for the Rcr.\i. Prkss by C.J 
Christmas Day, 1S82, will be remembered by 
the many hundreda who visited the ocean 
beach at the Cliff House as one of the bright 
days in the history of their lives. The day 
itself was bright and beautiful, reminding one 
bom and bred to the climate of the Middle or 
Western states of those bright and growing 
days in the latter part of April or the early 
May. The Seal rocks were covered with life. 
The aandy beach waa alao alive with men, 
women and children en j '>ying themaelvea by 
following up the receding water and then run- 
ing back to eacape a wetting aa the wavea 
rolled in, or in gathering shells or moss off the 
recks. 'The Golden Gate park was alao alive 
with vehicles of every deacription containing 
' appy and joyous faces er joying a drive prior 
to partakiug of the Christmas dinner; and great 
numbers were there also who, taking the poor 
man's carriage, were whiling away a pleasant 
hour with their wives, their children or a 
friend. The surrounding hills in their verdure 
reminded oae constantly of spring rather than I 
Christmas. One who visited the ocean beach 
and the park waa more inclined to think it waa 
Miy-day than mid- winter. ' 

From the Farm House. 

(Written for the Ri rai. Press by "M.^id ci-all Work."] 
I may be allowed tj acold a little. All 
women who do general honeework scold. They 
learn it of the stew-pan that rana over, the 
tea-kettle that steams up and talks with its 
cover, the frying-pan that dashes at its enemy, 
the floor, every few days with a tirade of 
grease, and of the crooked firenood, that Hiea 
up when you most want it to settle down 
And then if one keeps up power enough to run 
all the complicated machinery of house regpla 
tion, there is sometimes a little extra steam tu 
be worked off. And then, if only the j im is de 
licioua, and the coffee is exquisite, and th 
doughnuts are perfect, the scolding may come 
in aa a little sour saace, and be taken 
matter of coarse. 

What I wanted to spatter about just now 
was the men. Ob, they think they are such 
perfect creatures, notwithstanding they call you 
an angel if yoa happen to make a nice pudding 
They never make mistakes, they never lose 
anything, they never put anything out of place, 
they never sell grain at the wrong time, Ob, no, 
They never hunt all day for the cow, and dii 
cover her at night juat behind the stack where 
she had been all day. Bat their highest virtue 
is that they never gossip — not a word. How is 
that great business of the age transacted ? Who 
does it ': In the country places where the 
ranches are very large, and the ladies all about 
a mile from each other and no domestic help 
they see each other about twice a yea., at the 
May piccic and the Christmas tree. The av 
erage farmer trades a plow, or a horse, or 
harrow, or something, about once a month. It 
takes a whole afternoon sitting on a Stockton 
gang to decide the bargain. We are to sup- 
pose that they talk about that innocent bar 
row or something or other every minute. 
Bat if you keep quiet it will all come out in 
day or so. Somebody is engaged, Mr. P. has 
mortgaged, Mary has thrown off on Jim, or 
•Jim has skipped Mary, or some such stuff. 
Then there are the mockey-screws and jick- 
wreoches and things to borrow and lend every 
week, and the bulletins keep coming in. Can 
a woman sacceed in the newspaper business'' 
No. Nobody s.ipposes that she cjn. For she 
is unequal to the basinet.4 of collecting all the 
mess of personalities and bits of gossip that 
mast be bad to make a daily newspaper read- 
able nowadays. 

Then a man can do such provokine things 
with a coolness that is remarkable. He tells 
yoa to put on your bonm t and he will take 
yon for a ride. He goes out to hitch up; a man 
comes along, and you sit in the houae with 
your bonnet on all day. He comes in at night 
with the milk and — Oh, pshaw, he had forcot- 
ten all about the ride. 

Bat then the men are not to be utterly dis- 
paraged. They are handy to go to if you want 
25 cett) for crimpiog-pina or candy. 

Mias D ming struck a note of alarm when 
she hinted tiat the introduction of bogus butter 
would cause a lamentable collapse in the supply 
of "Maid-of-all- Work's" pin money, to be sure. 
And then if some one wonld inveLt a bogus eg/ 
there would be universal distreaa among the 
maids and matrona of che battery. 

Wo would simply have to do without oar 
many little necessary extravaeancea, or a&k the 
men for them. It ahall not be; there will be 
war all along the frontier. Already there is an 
ominous clatter among the pans. We will 
have a aewing circle ; we will organiz ; we will 
aave the country from oleomargarine. 


Children's remarks are at times even more 
enteitiining than their comical qaeries and re- 

Oae of two children who were amusing them- 
selves by coloring pictures suddenly exclaim- 
ed: "Well, how stupid of you to paint that 
cow blael" "Oh, it's blue with thecold l"qaickly 
observed the other. "Don't you see it is win- 
ter, and the poor thing is most frozen?'' 

A canary had begun to twittir a little a'tsr 
moulting, bat was unable to sing its entire tune. 
A little four year-old, after listening to one of 
the bird's vain attempts to master hia tune, sa d 
ery composedly, "Mamma, birdie forgot the 
other half of the verse." 

Canaries bring to mind their enemies, the 
cats. A gentleman had a cat which bad five 
kittens. 'Iq ordering three of them to be 
rowned, his little bov said : "Pa, do not drown 
them in the water. Warm it first; they may 
catch cold." 

The following remark of a little girl shows 
an opinion of her elders the reverse of flatter- 
ing:"0 dear I" she exclaimed to her doll, "I do 
wish you would sit still. I never saw such an 
neasy thing in all my life. Why don't >oa 
act like grown folks, and be still and stupid for 
while? " 

In contraat to thia was the delicate compli- 
ment paid to his mother. The family weredis- 
ussing at the supper table the qualitiea which 
go to make up the good wife. Nobody thought 
the little fellow had been listening or could un- 
derstand the talk, until he leaned over the tA- 
ble and kissed his mother, and said:"Mamma, 
when I get big enough I'm going to marry a 
lady jaat 'xactly like you." — ChrUtianat Work I 

The Trials of House-Cleaning. 

[By Ada !£. Tatlor ] 

" I do declare," said Mrs. Dare, 

One morning while at cleaning, 
"My eves must be deceiving me. 

Or I'm asleep and dreaming; 
They're coming here, they are eo near. 

And towards the gate they're walking; 
One 18 Miss Jones, I know her tones, 

She screeches when she's talking. 

"And ain't they dressed, all in their best. 

With satins, tiiks and laces! 
But what a sichl! they look no white. 

What have they on their fxcef; 
What shall I do?— the house, 'tis true, 

Is upset in a measure; 
There's not one place I can, wiih grace. 

Say tcalk in, do, with i leasure. 

"Some parlor chairs are by the staiis. 

Some on the door are leaning; 
A^d there is Sam, the very man 

Who blesses my house cleaning; 
On scrubbing days he always siys 

He has no place for shelter; 
The mop and bioom, in every room. 

Makes things go belter skelter. 

"If I stand still perhaps they will 

Think I have gone out shopping; 
liut there is Sain, the horrid man. 

He makes me just so hopping; 
O dear, O dear, 1 can't stand here 

A thinking on forever; 
I'll wat h behind the window blind— 

QooJ gracious, well. I never '. 

"niey'restuith ingo'erlhings on ihe floor, 

Tiiey're coming ture and certain; 
Thia loom is bare, without a rhuir, 

Thewiiiuow has no curtain." 
Down went ihc skirt with one good jerk. 

Away went mop and water. 
And in came Sam, poor foo Uh man. 

With Mrs Jones' fair daughter. 

Ana, what is more, he had in store 

A lecture initd with passion; 
Had be but known, he'd left alone 

These ladies dressed in fashion; 
He didn't think or care a wink 

For clcining days or scrubbing 
He thought his wife, his j y and life. 

Would never dream of snubliiiig. 

Now Mrs. Dare, we're well aware. 

Was very calm at present; 
She brought the chairs in from the stairs. 

And things passed off (|uite pleasant. 
They made thiir stay, they went away 

With faces blight and beaming; 
But listen, now— is that a ro«? 

Poor Sam thinks he is drt aniin'. 

The Grandeur of Woman, 

When yon want to get the grandest idea of a 

queen, you do not think of Catherine of Russia, 
or of Anne of Eagland, or of Mary Theresa of 
Germany ; but when you want to get your grand- 
eat idea of a queen yoa think of the plain wo- 
man who sat oppoaite year fathi r at the table, or 
walked with him arm-in-arm down life's path- 
way; or aometimea to the thanksgiving banquet, 
sometimes to the grave, but always together, 
soothing your petty griefs, correcting your 
childish waywardness, j jining in your infantile 
sports, listening to your evening prayers, toil- 
ng for you witti needle or spinning-wheel, and 
on cold nights wrapping you upanugaud warm. 
And then at last, when she lay in the back room 
dying, and you saw her take those thin hands, 
with which she had toiled tor you so long, and 
put them together in a dying prayer that com- 
monded you to God whom she bad taught yoa to 
trust— oh, she was the queen! The chariota of 
God went don n to fetch her; and as she went 
in, all heaven rose up. Vou cannot think of her 
oo«v without a rush of tenderneis that atira np 
thedeep foundation of yoursoul, aadyou feel as 
mu.;haschild again as when yoa cried onherlap; 
and if you couldibring her back again '.ospeak just 
once more your name as tenderly as she nsed t > 
apeak it, yoa would be willing to throw yourself 
on the ground and kiss the tod that covers her, 
crying: "Mother! mother! Ah! she waa the 
queen!" To make one such a woman as I have 
described, how many would jou want of those 
people who go in the round of fashon and dis- 
sipation, distressing theii' body until, in their 
monstrosities, they seem t) outdo the dromeda- 
ry and hippopotauiu- ; going as far toward dis- 
graceful apparel as they dare go, so as not to be 
arrested by the police, their behavior a sorrow 
to the good and a caricature to the vicious, and 
an insult to that God who made them women 
and not gorgons; and tramping on down through 
frivolous, dissipated life to temporal and etei- 
al damnation.— X*/. Tatmaye. 

Improviment in Watch Hands.— A device 
in the arrangement of watch hands baa been 
patented, whereby the traveler may aee at a 
glance the time, both at the place he ia leaving 
and whatever local time he may wish to keep at 
a distance. The value to the traveling public 
of such a service is apparent in the facility it 
affords for making connection between trains 
run at different times, etc. The improvement 
consists merely in a convenient device whereby 
a thin hand may be placed upon the dial with- 
out any change in the movements of the watch. 

Railroad is Central Afrk a.— A party of 
80 Frenchmen, assisted by 1,400 African labor- 
ers, are to beg'n the construction of a railway 
between the Niger and Senegal river?. Their 
operations will protected by a military col- 
umn, which will plant the French flag and erect 
two forts on the Niger. 

The Mint in San Francisco ia the largest in 
the world — twice as large aa as the one in Phila- 
delphia, and three times the size of any in Eu- 
rope, having $24,000,000 worth of coin and bul- 
lion stored away in its vaults. 

January 6, 1883.] 



The Duties of Farmero' Wives. 

Mre. "E. V. Gage recently gave a lecture be- 
fore a fanners* meetiog in Massachasetts on the 
"duties of fanners' wives," froin •which we 
make the following extract : 

We may safely conclade that among the da- 
ties which a farmer's wife owes to her position 
are these: She muet be energetic, methodical, 
quiet, with a temper sweet and genial, and a 
eonny temperament. She mast be a chemist, 
that her bread be light, her bntter yellow and 
sweet, her cheese rich atd ripe, and her cook- 
ine healthful. 

She must be an economist, that with limited 
means and but a little time for the perform- 
ance of the Be\eral duties that crowd her daily 
life, she may etill be ab e to show large results 
and to save a little time for her own needs and 
uses. She must be a strat^e^ist, that she may 
know bow to circumvent tae tactics of hired 
servants if she is so unfortunate as to be obliged 
to keep them, and be able to bring order out of 
the chaos which the duties ct some days will 
inevitably bring. She must be a diplomatist, 
that she may glean from all oiher farmers' wives 
the sweets of their skill in h iuaekeeping, with- 
out betraying any weakness m her own manage- 
ment. And she must be an alchemist, with 
magic touch tranamitting the products of her 
bands into gold . 

Her duties to society are no less. Because 
she is a farmer's wife, and spends her life in the 
obscurity of the country, it is not necessary 
that she be uncouth, or uneducated or igno- 
rant (though one may be uneducstsd and be 
neither uncoath nor ignorant;. Aside from her 
cares, and the time which they consume, there 
ought still to be time for keeping up a knowl- 
edge of the current literature of the day, and 
of the history that ia being written all over the 
•world. She should show by her daily life and 
actions her entire trust in the dependence upon 
the merciful goodness of the great Father of all, 
accepting the trials as cheerfully as the joys 
which He sends. She should have her infiaence 
in the church, and be ready and willing to be 
helpful, as well by her presence as by her chari- 
ties. She should be charitable, knowing that 
God baa made nothing common nor unclear : 
willing to take the erring by the hand, and set 
their feet in surer paths; seeking out God's 
messengers, the poor, and by them sending her 
fragrant portion to the city of the Great K'ng. 

She should be friendly, that the timid may 
find strength in her presence and comfort in her 
society. It among those about her there be 
those to whom has been denied the fulness of 
favor and gTa-*.* that her own life gives, it is her 
blessing atiU her right to impart a portion so 
that the grand designs of nature may best be 
realized, by her 8yn;pathy and tact clearing out 
the tangled threads in ihe web of their exist- 
ence, and she should set her face like tlmt 
agaimtany impure thought, or word, or deed. 
The scoSer. the slanderer, the liar, the volup- 
tuary, the drunkard, should shrink her sight, 
feeling, under ttie glance of her pure eye, under 
the light of her kind face, all the meanness and 
littleness and wickedness of their lives, 
and be kindled to a determination to be- 
come heltrr and titter to be her associate. 
Her duty to her family is, next' to the duty 
she owes t-> her Maker, the highest of all. 
H'r husband should be the chief cornerstone of 
the famUy, and by her own respect and tender 
afifection she should win for him the respect of 
her children and the deference of his fellow 
men. She should point out to her family in 
their daily contact and nature how God's great 
goodness and mercy underlie all the operations 
of nature and ar^, and how closely the law that 
binds the spheres holds them also responsible 
for the use or misuse of their time and opportu 
nities. She should teach her children that to 
be truthful and honest is of first importance in 
the forming of a character; that to gain 
t le respect of our follow beings we mutt 
tirst respect ourselves, and that to command 
we must first obey implicitly. She should not 
ignore politics, for, since so many of our rulers 
and holders of responsible positions have been 
farmers and sons of farmers, she should be able 
to guide her own sons to form opinions and fix 
principles which will tit them for any sphere of 
action, and enable them to overcome any ob- 
stacle. It is not necessary that she herself 
should go to the polls and deposit her ballot for 
the handsomest man, or the best dressed man, 
or the mun who drives the fastest team, or who 
can make a show of spending the most 
monej ; but she should so understand the is- 
sues ot the day and the principles of a free gov- 
ernment, that she can teach her sons that it 
ia not the man nor the office that they should 
vote for, but the brain, the power to cope 
successfully with the difficulties arising out of 
self-government, and the principles of Liberty, 
Truth and Justice; and is not an opportunity 
bke this, which every wife has, of greater mo- 
ment than the crush of election daj ? Is not this 
God given right one of the noblest of women's 
rights, a right which no man will question, no 
maA denj ! And she should teacti sons and 
daughters alike that to be fit for positions of 
respoiisibility they must be faithful in little 
thinge; that thoroughness snd accuracy underlie 
truth and honesty, and that nothing is trivial, 
nothing venial, nothing unbecoming, which the 
time and the place make a necessity of doing 

"Wbo sweeps a room as by God's law 
Makes that and the actiOD fine." 

^OU^IG ^OLKS" doLUJvlN. 

The Naughty Beea. 

The bees were naughty one day, 
And wouldn't mind their queen; 

They sniffed at the clover bar, 
And ecorned the scarlet t>ean; 

Vowed tht} 'd make no more hooey. 
Bat would haste to the tivei shore 

To dig for Captain Kidd'B mon<y, 
And be ricu and happy evermore. 

The qaeen let fall a dish of honey, 
In astonishment and dismay, 

"My desre, if you tind this money. 
What ^ood will it do you, pray r" 

"Can't we bay honey with ntoney? 

If we cannot, please tell us so." 
"If never a silly bee makes honey. 

Too can't bay it, of course, you know. 

The bees dropped their wings 
And threw their spades away. 

And toiled where the locost eiogs. 
All the livelong summer day. 

-.Vrv. S. M. S. 1 

How Bruin Was KUled. 

;Wj;tte.n for the RrnAL Prbss by E. Kekmost Wood ] 

A Tale of the "Hlgn Sierras." 
He was but a mere boy, thinly and raggedly 
clad. He stood shivering by the cook's log fire 
as we came in ofiF the line. We were a party of 
railroad surveyors, stud at that time were run- 
ning a preliminary line in the "North Fork" 
canyon west of the Minerets in one of the very 
wildest regions of the the wild Sierras. This 
was in the early part of December, 18S1. The 
ground was covered with snow, the sky was 
dull and overcast, and that night a raw wind 
was whistling drearily through the tall pines. 
The boy seemed abashed at our approach, and 
drew back from the fire as the men gathered 
around it. We were in hopes that he was from 
the "Flats," our nearest postcffioe, but upotf 
icfiuiiy tt the office tent we learned that he 
was only from the meadows eight miles below; 
that he bad brought up two pack mules loaded 
with deer meat. When we had received this infor- 
mation, supper was announced. After a hearty 
repast of deer meat, more logs were heaped upon 
the fire and we all gathered around toe blfzs to 
talk over the day's events. The new-comer, 
whose name was Harry — Harry Young, if I re- 
member rightly — after eating his supper went 
down to the corral a few yards below camp to at- 
tend to his horse and mulep. In a short timehe re- 
turned, a fine looking dog following close at his 
heels. A dog was quite a curiosity in camp, 
we having seen none since leaving civilization, 
several weeks back. The dog, like the boy, 
evinced some shyness at first, but at length I 
Bucceedtd in calling him to me. Wnile patting 
him on ti-C head I noticed that the hair was 
torn from his right ear and the flesh badly 

"What did this, Harrj?" I asked. 
The boy grinned, looked knowing, and said 
"Ob, that come from a little slap he got from 
a bear t'other night." 

"Slap from a beai? How was that? Tell us 
about it," cried several, soUo voce. 

"Well, yon see," he began, with the charac 
teriitic introductory of the up-country incident 
nanator, "well, yon tee, me and my brother and 
another young fellow named Hurst lives in the 
log cabin down in the meddera which you past 
on your way up. We've got a minin' claim up 
in the mountains to the right of the medders, 
and sometimes we all three of us works on the 
claim, and sometimes when grub gets short two 
of us works and the other'n turns out and hunts 
game. Other day it come Fred's turn to hunt 
and when I and Hurst come in at night w< 
fouud Fred there skinning some fine deers which 
he'd shot a little ways below the cabin. Wei), 
when we'd eat all the deer meat we wanted 
we hung 'em up in the cabin, had a little smoke 
and went to bed. Sometime in the night, it 
must have been, majbe, 'bout 'leven o'clock, I 
waked up aU of a sudden and heard 'Ned,' that's 
the dog, under the cabin a howlin' fearful." 

"I just raised up in bed and took a look out a 
crack, and there in the moonlight I seed a big 
grizzly a walking up and down on a log, like as 
if he feeled pretty proud of himself. Then 1 
knowed right off that Ned had been trying to 
drive the old feller away and had got half 
killed or scared to death himself. You see, Mr 
Bear smelt the fresh meat, and thought he'd 
just come around and get some, 

"What did I dc? Well, 1 just quickly waked 
the boys up, and Fred got hia ••Winchester'' 
and stood on a stool and rested it in the win 
der, while Hurst held a candle at the sight 
Takin' aim as best he could, Fred fired, but 1 
guess he missed him, for the bear turned 
'round, growled hard and then started off on 
fast trot. Next day Fred made up his mind 
that Mr. Grizzly would be back that night again 
So toward evening he fetched Ned into the cibin 
and then took hia rifle out and fastened 
it to a big log, so as it couldn't move, Fixin' a 
good stout string to the trigger, he fetched it 
carefully 'round a small saplin' and then along 
the bai'l of the rifle. Then he fixed a piece of 
meat on to the string, and it was all ready fur 
action. We all went to bed, but didn't sleep 
much for thin kin' on it, I tell you. 'Bout 3 
o'clock in the mom in' the dog begin to get 

kind of oneasy, and went snuffin' at the door. 
I raised up and looked through a cack, and 
there a prowlin' 'round the log was two of the 
biggest grizzlies I ever seen. Fred and Hurst 
a both wake, and I told them, and they 
got up and made the dog keep still, and then 
watched them out the winder. Pretty soon 
one of them bears seemed to get on to the 
scent and begin to snuff the air, and then goin' 
straight up to the muzzle of the rifle 
he grabbed the meat quick, like as 
if he was afraid the t'other one'd 
get it first. But I tell you he let go on that 
meat quicker'n he took hold of it, when that 
big cartridge went a tearin' into him. First he 
keeled over on his side and begin to kick; then 
he got up ani started up the hill back of the 
cabin like one possessed, the tother one a fol- 
lowin' after him. That was the last we seen or 
beared of them that night. Next mornin' we 
trailed the one that had been shot by t'ae blood, 
and a little ways up the hill we found him 
lodged agin a tree where he had fell. We've 
got his hide down to the cabin now; stop and 
see it when you go down. It's a fine 'n. Fred 
was offered $.50 for it by the livery stable man 
over to Bodie, who went through on the trail 
yesterday, but Hurst didn't want him to sell it." 

Bat a few days after the narration of the 
above we were compelled to abandon work by 
the setting in of a heavy snow-storm. When 
we reached the meadows we stopped at the 
cabin, but the boys were not at home. Peep- 
ing through the chinks in the wall, however, 
we obtained a good view of the bear skin. The 
head part was nailed to the cross-beams, about 
2 feet from the floor, and the hind feet fairly 
dragged upon the floor, 
Berkeley, Cal. 

X)o]viESTie G(eoj^o]viY. 

Original Recipes. 

fWritten for the Rural Priss by M. A. S 
Cornish Y'cle Cake. — Boil four medium- 
sized potatoes in one cup of water, mash fine 
when cool enough, add yeast sufficient to raise 
over night. In the morning sift three quarts of 
flour into a large pan or bowl; into this rub 
one-half pound of lard, the same of butter, two 
cups of sugar, one tablespoonful of salt. After 
bbing these thoroughly together, then rub in 
one. half pound of finely shrecd d citron, two 
pounds ot raisins, two pounds ot currants, one 
tablespoonful of cinnamon, same of nutmeg, one 
' mace. Make a hole in the center, add the 
potato, sponge five well-beaten eggs and warm 
ilk to mix it into toft dough. llet raise quits 
ght; it will take much longer than for bread, 
'ould into loaves and let it raise again; bake 
an hour and a half in a moderate oven. 

CoRNi.SH Pa.sties. -Take acupof finelychopped 
beef suet, rub into three cups of flour with a 
little salt with water and roll out about the size 
of a common round pie tin, and about a third of 
an inch thick. Fill each one with one cup of 

nely sliced potatoes, same of onion, then a lit- 
tle pepper and salt; add a half cup of raw 
minced beef, mostly lean and tender, with a lit- 
tle more salt and pepper; wet the edges of the 
crust, fold them tightly together; lake 10 min« 

tes, then make a small hole in the top of each 
and pour in a large spoonful of hot water and 
bake in a moderate oven 50 minutes longer. 

The Digestibility of Oysteis. 

Why oysters should be eaten raw is explained 
by Dr. William Roberts in his lecture on "Di- 
gestion." He says fatt the general practice of 
eating the oysters raw is evidence that the 
popular judgment upon matters of diet is usu 
ally trustworthy. The fawn-colored mass, 
which is the delicious portion of the fish, is its 
iver, and is simply a mass of glycogen. Asso 
ciated with the glycogen, but withheld from 
actual contact with it during life, is its appro 
priate digestive ferment — the hepatic diastase 
The mere erushing of the oyster between the 
teeth brings these two bodies together, and 
then the glycogen is at once digested 
without any other help than the diastase 
The raw or merely warmed oyster is self-diges 
tive. But the advantage of this provision is 
wholly lost by cooking, for the heac immedi 
ately destroys the associated ferment, and 
cooked oyster has to be digested, like any 
other food, by the eater's own digestive powers 
"My dear sir, do you want to ruin your di 
gestioD?" asked Prof. Houghton, of Trinity col 
lege, one day, of a friend who had ordered 
brandy and water with his oysters in a Dublin 

Then he sent for a glass of brandy and a 
glass of Guinness' XX, and put an oyster in 
each. In a very short time there lay in the 
bottom of the glass of 'brandy a tough, leathery 
substance resembling the finger of a kid glove, 
while in the porter there was hardly a trace of 
the oyster to be found. 

The Ashes or the Dead. — A correspondent 
of Knowledge (London), who signs himself 
Brother Cinder," referring to the first two ere 
mations which have taken place in Eogland in 
modern times and to the disposition which was 
made of the ashes, begs leave to suggest "a far 
neater and more appropriate mode of disposing 
of the ashes of a corpse cremated. These ashes 
I think," he observes, "consist wholly or prin 
cipally of phosphate of lime, and therefore have 
ouly to be t.-eated with sulphuric acid to convert 
them into sulphate of lime — /. e., gypsum 
plaster of Paris. With this substance a model 
can be cast in a mould previously prepared, and 
representing either the full figure of the de 
ceased or simply the bust, or the likeness can 
take the form of a medallion. Whichever form 
of memorial is adopted a glass case would be 
sufficient protection for it, and the costly urn 
can be dispensed with as unnecessary, while th 
remains of our loved ones will themselves 
gathered into the form of a compact and likelife 
memorial, which itself will be composed of th 
veritable 'ashes of the dead.'" It is doubtful 
whether in this country, for years to come, 
ever, the idea of incineration or cremation can 
be popular'z;d. There is a repugnance to it in 
the general mind which cannot easily be over 
come. In France the subject is in a manner 
forced upon the public, 'i'he crowded cond 
tion of the cemeteries necessitates the removal 
of bodies long distances from the city — as much 
as 30 miles — the expense of which, when th 
poor are interred, falls upon the municipality 
In consequence a bill is before the Assembly 
legalize cremation. In Eogland also this ques 
tion of cremation is being seriously considered 
The same argument applies to London as 
Paris in reference to disposing of the remains 
the dead. Eogland will be slower to accept th 
alternative than France, but it would not 
surprising if both counties would ultimately 
adopt it, <. 

selves in connection with sepulture 

Orange Pie. — Take ateacnpfulof pulverized 
sugar and a tablespoonful of soft butter, and 
rub them till smooth as cream; mix a table- 

poonful of cornstarch in as little cold water as 
will dissolve it, then stir it in a teacupful of 
boiling water; let this cook until it is thick, 
but not so thick that it will harden instantly 
when cool; add this to the butter and sugar. 
Grate the peel from half an orange, taking care 
not to grate any of the thick inner tkin; add 
this and the juice of the orange and one beaten 
egg to the ( ther ingredients. Make some nice 
paste, and line a moderately deep pie plate with 
it, arrange it around the edge as if for a custard 
pie, then bake it. Remove it from the oven 
and put it with the orange custard described 
above, and to this add thin slices of another 

arge orange. Set th's in the oven for the egg 
to harden. If you wish it to be especially 
tempting, make a meringue of the whites of 
two eggs and two tablespoonfuls of sugar; 
spread this over the pie when it is done, and 
let it brown lightly in the oven. 

Cleanis'; Paper Hangings. — The following 
is an approved method of cleaning paper hang- 
ings: Cut into six or eight pieces a good-sized 
loaf of bread that is two days old, and, after 
having swept all the dust from the paper hang- 
ings, commence from the ceiling downward, and 
somewhat lightly rub the paper with a down- 
ward stroke with one of the pieces of bread. 
Continue this round the room, and then com- 
mence lower down in the same way till the 
whole of the surface of the paper has been gone 
over. The bread will from time to time get dirty, 
and it should be cut rfl'asoftenasrequired. Care 
should be exercised not to rub the paper with a 
cross or horizontal stroke, only with the 
oendicular movement of the hand, or the paper 
may peel off th9 wall from the joints. With 
careful manipulation paper will look almost as 
good as new. 

Mii'^cED Fowls. — Remove from the bones all 
the flesh of either cold roast or boiled fowls. 
Clean it from the skin and keep covered from 
the air until ready for use. Boil the bones and 
skin with three -fourths of a pint of water until 
reduced quite half. Strain the gravy and let 
cool. Next, having first skimmed off the fat, 
put it into a clean saucepan with a half cup of 
cream, three ounces of butter well mixed with 
one tablespoonful of flour. Keep these stirred 
until they boil. Then put in the fowl, finely 
minced with three hard-boiled eggs, chopped, 
and sufficient salt and pepper to season. Shake 
the mince over the fire until just ready to boil. 
Dish it on bottjastand serve. 

Thickening for Soup.— The following rule 
for making a thickening called "Roux" for 
soup is excellent : Bring a piece of butter to a 
boiling point in a small stew-pan, and sprinkle 
in flour till quite thick, beating well with an 
egg whitk until the flour is well cooked; then 
drop in a little hot soup from the kettle to thin 
it St fficiently to add to the soup. This makes 
the soup much better than adding the butter 
and flour uncooked. 

Hanging Game.— Few cooks nndentind 
hanging game. Game is not like poultry; it 
must hang a long time before it has attained to 
its best flavor. I he origin of the term "high," 
indeed, comes from this long period of hanging 
up. In larders made specially for game there 
are hooks ranged one above another right up to 
the top, and the birds go up a hook every day 
in succession. By this anangement the topmost 
u the least of evils presenting them- [or "high" one is that which has hung longest 

' and is the fittest for cooking. 


fAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

[January 6, 1883 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 


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S. H. linOH3 


Saturday, January 6, 1883, 


EDITOHIAL." -The Great Snow Storm, 1. Napo- 
leon the Third, 5. The Week; Not only Farmers hut 
Men; Califo nia Djites; Silk Fashions and the Manu- 
facturors, 8. P*tentj and iuveiitious; Notices of 
Kccent I'alents, 12 

ILLUSTBATlONS— The Great Snow Storm of 18S2- 
A New Study for Oolifomla Artists. 1 . The Pear, Na- 
poleon the ThiiJ, 5. Dates from Wolfskiil's at Wid- 
lers Ci'., 8. 

PORBESPONDENCE —The West Side of the San 

Joaq'iin; ,^^^le^.'ioll Valloj' Notta, 2- 
THE DAIRY —Uuirv Cows, 2 
PISCICUuTUBIfi Car|j Culture-No. 4. 2. 
THE .-STOUK yABU -Ever«reen Millet, 2. 
HORTICULTURE.— The Fruit Growers' Conven- 

ttori, 3, 10, 13 

her States; A Grange (.'annery; Election of OfflcetB; 
The Ur<inf;cr's Btnk; Union lastillatioa of Sacramento 
County liran.'c, 4 

AGBIODLTUBAL notes, from the various 

counties ol Caliloruia and Nevada, 4-5. 
NEWS IN BBIEK-Oo paee 5 and other pages 
HOME CIKULiB. — My south Winil (Poetry); My 
Molher-in Law; Christmas at Golden Gate Park; From 
the Farm House; Chaff; The Trials of Ilouae-CleaninK 

1 Poe;r\ ); I h i Grandeur of Woman, 0, The Duiies of 
Firniera' Wives, 7. 

YOUNG FOLKS' COI UMN.— The Nauirhly Bees 

(Poetry); How Uruin w»» Killed, 7. 
GOOD HEALTH. -The Diststibility of Oysters; He 

A-he< of t le L>ead, 7. 
DOMESTIC EUONOMY — Originil Recipes; Orange 

Pie; Cleaning Paper Hangings; Uiiiccd Fowls; 'I'l ickea- 

Ini.' for biiuii; Hanging Gam"", 
MISOElLANEOUS. — Agriculture in Colortdo; 

Potency ot the Human Voieeii Controlling the Horsfc; 

The James Vick Sirawbirry: Blackleg in Youuir .Slock; 

Important En^ineeiing Upcrations; To Spend the Wm- 

ttr; Cjrp for the Table, 0. Bubach for Leaf-Eatiog 

lieeilee; Migration ol Through the Suez Canal; 

Sun Spots; Work btill Ooini; on, 12. 

BasindBS AnnonncementF. 

8teil8--Thoma'( A. Cox ii Co., San Francisco. 

C>mbination Force Pump— P. C. Lewis, C'atskill, N Y, 

Flowers-Tlic Storra & Har>ison Co., PainosvUle, Ohio. 

Pi;v I i I f^, San Jose, Cal. 

S.i -A. J MoLeod, Livermore, Oal. 

C W. H. White, tanta Roia, Cal. 

C California M i ''■ K'j.^klin, Cal. 

U lleach 4: Co ii. Pa. 

l; . ; W. O. Dair 1 

1). -^'ri Fral • , . . - L niOD, S. F. 

fci . " - i i;lit..ii, Cal. 

Hi • ivings & Loan Society, S F. 

C 1 New York. 

Not Only Farmers bat Men. 

Pirhaps there is no State in the Union where 
all farmers, both large and small, eojoy the re- 
spect of the other classes of the population and 
occupy 80 high a position socially as in Califor- 
nia. This is a consideration little thought of, 
perhaps, bat it is of importance, and is all the 
more acceptable to a friend of the farming in- 
terest because it is a distinction to which it ia 
justly entitled. 

There are other countries in which the own- 
ership of land opens the way to social emi- 
nence, but there it is awarded to the ownership 
of immense tracts or inheres in ancestral es- 
tates, and still holds itself aloof from those 
whose contact with the soil is nearer than re- 
ceiving rents through a bailiff or directing 
operations through the mediam of an overseer. 
In California the land-owner who goes into per- 
sonal discussion with the soil and with his own 
hand turns the soil or cares for hia animals does 
nothing which lowers him socially. The fact 
is, that in California industry is fashionable, 
and its only enemy is individual indolence 
which shrinks from effort or application of any 

The correct social status of the agriculturist 
in California is no doubt an influence which is 
leading many, both yoanjr and old, to forsake 
the professions and vocations and to invest their 
time and their capital in the upbuilding of pro- 
ductive agricultural enterprises. W'e know of 
many who are doing thie, and are enjoying their 

dividual and not aa a member of a lower class. 
California society, it is true, is not yet formed. 
It is said that there is an aristocracy of snobs. 
There may be a limited orgauizttion of that 
character, but it is of little weight or influence, 
and does not compare with the old "society" of 
the Kistern States. The field is free to all who 
have the brains and training to maintain them- 
selves in social converse. Already the prepon- 
drance of leading lights of the soctety of the 
State are farmers and farmers' sons and daugh- 
ters, and they are as cultured and well in- 
formed people as the conntry holds. 

Silk Fashions and the Manuracturers. 

The way in which the freaks of fashion 
sometimes embarrass the manufacturers ii 
shown by the recent experience of the Eastern 
silk ■ weavers. A dispatch from New York 
states that a well known silk manufacturer in- 
formed a reporter that the present depression 
in the silk industry arose partly from a fash- 
ionable demand for plain silk. Up to this 
winter brocaded silks were considered the 
proper thing, and looms adapted especially for 
this purpose were put up in the factories all 
over the conntry. Nearly all the ereat mills in 
Paterson, in which upwards of '20,U00 people 
eaiu a living by silk weaving, manufactured 
nothing but brocades. Plain silks, which are 
now the rage, cost more t) make and there is 
not BO much pro6t in them to manufacturers, 
and looms and machinery of altogether a differ- 
ent pattern are required in the manufacture. 
Another reason for the stagnant condition of 

The Week. 

The weather has set so many tongues and 
pens in motion during the last few days that 
we are reluctant to attack so worn a theme. 
We cannot, however, repress a remark upon the 
general revival of confidence and assurance of a 
winter ht to produce a summrr full of fatness, 
which result from the snowfall and the rainfall 
of Sunday and Monday, Water in varying 
•mount I from one and one-half to three inches 
has been poured upon the thirsty earth, and the 
larger amounts have been disposed where there 
was the greatest need — in the great valleys and 
the great southern country. Nothing now seems 
to deny the steady maintenance of growth pre- 
viously started in pasture and grain field, and 
the germination of the seed upon the widearece 
which have been brought under cultivation in 
all parts of the State. The advancement uf 
all these agencies for the production of 
value will produce an easier feeling in all mon- 
etary and commercial affairs, stimulate invest- 
ment and enterprise, foster efforts for home and 
farm improvement, and in general lead in a sea- 
son of prosperity and general comfort. 


work heartily and accepting the congratula- 
tions of their friends who would like well t > 
be similarly engaged. 

Aj the farmei's social position in California is 
thus satisfactory, it follows as a matter of coarse 
that he takes a leading part in managing the 
affairs of the State and local governments, and 
is prominent in all honorable matters. This 
leads to constant effort to tit himself for these 
important responsibilities and trusts, and makes 
him a liberal patron of educational institutions 
for his children. In the future, then, even ^.ore 
than at present the position of the California 
farmer among nia fellow citizjns ia to bs one of 
honor and responsiblity. 

These remarks are suggested by a narf graph 
which we have just read in the old A'e»<' Eny- 
land Farmer, sa follows: 

The estimation in which farming and farmers are held 
by the public in New England was well iHiutrated re- 
■^dntly when Mr. Chadbourne had under eom-ideration the 
acceptance of the Prcsidenc.v of ;he Sfan-at husetts .-Vyri- 
cultural College. Hii friends, some of them, urged bim 
not to accept the f ituation, lecauee agriculture 14 on so 
low a plane, and farmf-rs will probably keep it t-o low, 
that he could never accomplish mueb. Such a condition 
as this does not t\i:;t everywhere. Jn England and in 
our own Southern Slates the ownership of land gives one 
a pass to the beat society. Here in New Kngland other 
c'asses claim precedence, and the shame is that farmers 
tieem willing itiat it ulifiuld be so. The greatest weaknefs 
shown in the charac '.er of the farmer is in his consent to 
this feeling, and it rests alone with him, hit wife and bis 
children, to correct alt this. Farmers must prepar** them- 
selves and their children tor the business they are to pur- 
sue. They should take a far more prominent part, both 
inilividually and together, in Ihe affairs of the cwnlry. 
In Mie rilies bad men are found to combine for accom- 
plishiii(( evil purposes and to gain power, but the people 
ol the country do not, as a rule, follow their example 
when matters are being agitated that would be of public 
l eneflt. Every rural community could be improved by 
a little individual tffjrt on the part of uicU member. 
Every farmer should feel a publ c interest in having good 
eehiols and good roads, and should be w lling to do hi-< 
part. The lyceum and the farmers' club should be warmly 
supported in every rural co'nmuniiy. Nor should the 
discussions be eonflned to agii'^ultural Bubjecta, like tur- 
nips and manures alone, but every topic wh ch ii in any 
way r.f interest to the farmer as a citir-»n should be en- 
tertained- And the minister, the doctor, the lawyer and 
Ihe nieebaiiic should be invited to Join in the discussions. 
The irembers should remember thit Ihey are not only 
farmers, but men and members of society. 

There is much truth in these words. If the 
New England farmer has all this prejudice to 
overcome, bow much more fortunate is the Cali- 
fornian who is already welcome to any rank 
which his own individnal intelligeoca and cul- 
ture entitle him, and is judged wholly as an in- 

business' is the strong competition of foreign 
manufacturers. "I have just returned from a 
trip through France, Germany, Switzerland 
and Italy, and I talked with manufacturers and 
closely studied their mode. Cheap labor en- 
ables them to undersell us, the wages there be- 
ing from IK) cents to $1. '25 per week. I have 
girls in my factory who make $'20 per week. 
We pay all of our hands fully ICO per cent, 
more than foreign manufacturers." \Ve should 
imagine that this disparity could not long exist, 
for there must be a great indusement for the 
immigration of silk weavers. The European 
girls will not long allow their American cousins 
to er joy such wages without a share in them, 
and tben the manufacturers will have more 

Dakoer in SiioRT Feed — It ia reported 
from Stockton that of late several horeea have 
died on the West Side sand plains of an ailment 
which has baiUad all veterinarv skill. Oly 
Kroh, who lives 12 miles from French Camp, 
lost several head, and among them a valuable 
mare. He bad the body of the mare examined, 
and found a bucketful of pure eand in the 
paunch. Uthers were then examined with a 
like result. The early rains started the gra^s, 
and the subsequent drouth has made feed short, 
so that in nipping it off sand has been taken up 
by these horses in such quantities as to cause 

The Sonoma Dairymen. — The fourth meet- 
ing of the Diiry men's Protective Association 
for Sonoma and Marin met at Petaluma on 
Monday. An Executive Committee of five, 
consisting of President I. 1!. Jewell, Vice-Presi- 
dent H. Lawrence, Secretary S. Dickson, Treas- 
urer H. P. McCleave and L, Pedrizini, was ap 
pointed, and the organization is now in good 
running order. The membership roll was aug- 
mented by many new signatures, and the as- 
sociation bids fair to take in all interested in 
the production and sale of genuine dairy pro- 
ducts in Sanoma and Marin counties. Tliree 
local organizations have been formed in Marin 
county — at San Iltfael, NicMio andOlema. 

High Pkred Horses. — A cable dispatch 
from London states that at a sale of thorough- 
breds yesterday, Isonomy brought 9,000 guineas. 
Seesaw 1,400 guineas, and Geologist 1,150. 

California Dates. 

The engraving upon this page repretents a 
bunch of dates grown on Mr. S. C. Wolfskill's 
place on the Putah Creek, near \\ inters, Yolo 
county. Mr. W. (;. Klee, who visited this 
place for the purpose of ^investigiating the date 
palms growing in this neighborhood, wai pre- 
sented with this cluster by Mrs. Wolfakill. 
I'nfortunately the outs do not give an adequate 
idea of the beauty of the bunch, which in nature 
has a stalk, two to three feet in length of a 
bright saffron color, carving gracefully under 
the weight of the berries. Although unripe, 
the bunch weighed 2-> Itii. when taken from the 
tree. Besides this four still larger bunches 
were on the same tree. The enlarged figure is 
more successful, showing the pottition and also 
the shape of the single date berry, which, how- 
ever, varies very much, and in many ca«es de- 
cides the names of the different varitt e«, of 
which there are many. 

It appears that the palm from which this 
specimen was taken has been bearing frnit for 
a number of years; in fact, a bunch of it waa 
stnt five years ago to the Owing to vari- 
ous reasoDS, ubittiy, rodonbt, to absence of any 
staminate tree in the immediate vicinity, the 
dates have never ripened nor produced matured 
seed. To t'fcide the cause of the non-maturity 
is a matter i,( no small interest, and we hope 
that Mr. S. C. ^V ouUskill will carry out bis in- 
tention to have the tree artificially fertilized 
from a tree growing cu his brother's place. In 
all date countries aititicial fertilization is con- 
sidered imperatively necessary, and the custom 
is to break the staminate racome to pieces and 
place them in the jast opened pistilate racome. 

This bearing date palm at Winters' stands in 
a row with a number of others, one of which has 
flowered once. Owing to their rather crowded 
condition they are not seen to full advantage, 
but present, nevertheless, a stately appearance. 
As nearly as has been ascertained, the age of 
these trees is 25 years, more or le>a, Altboogfa 
they for years have received but little care and 
no irrigation, the trees are very large, the bear- 
ing one being about two feet in diameter, with 
a truck 15 ft, high and leaves 7 to 12 ft. long. 
Interesting as this cace is, it is not the only one, 
as the date palm has prodnc-d fruit in several 
localities iq the State, although not at as high 
a latitude. 

A more remarkable case of a bearing date 

palm is that of a seedling producing and ripen- 
ing dates in this same vicinity, namely at Mr. 
J. R. Wolfskins'. This is the only case on re- 
cord of dates ripening in California, A olu' t t 
from this tree, as some readers may remember, 
was exhibited at theSan Vruntiieco Bullriin office 
in the fall of 1881. Mr. Klee enthusiastically 
dejcribed the palm to us just after his return 
from a visit to it this fall. Imagine a feather- 
leaved palm, perhaps about 15 ft. high, with its 
gracefully bending plume" of a glaucous hue, 
one trunk not more than 7 ft. high and about 
18 inches in diameter. Between the lower 
Idaves, at about breast hight of a man, the flat 
bright yellow polished stalks appear bearing 
the coral red berries one inch long, and 
covered with a delicate bKom, It was a tight 
not easily forgotten by a lover of nature, and 
especially by a person reared in the northern 
hemisphere, the vegetation of which is so to- 
tally different. Mr. Klee says he was de- 
lighted when upon leaving he asked Mr. John 
Wolfskin for a small piece of a bunch, and was 
presented with one of the finest cluiters. Thia 
particular date palm was grown from seeds of 
the dates of commerce, and bore its tirst frait 
when only 15 years old. By its side stands a 
staminate tree nearly twice its sizj and diam- 
eter, by means of which nature must ciUje the 

As in Egypt, 15 years is about the ordinary 
bearing age; the ii|'ially early bearing here is a 
v<ry significant titct. It indicates bow well 
suited the climate of California mutt be to the 
date palm, f-ince even iu a locality at as high a 
latitude aa this a chance seedling will bear fruit 
and ripen it. Such being the case, how much 
more can be expected when we shall have im- 
poit :d the early ripening varieties from Spa n 
and north Africa. Let us hope that some en- 
terprising citizen will undertake the importa- 
tion of shoots or plants of the right varietieM, 
If this be done, and they be planted in a suffi- 
ciently warm locality in tie southern part of 
the San .loiqain valley or elsewhere, we think 
the planter will ba rewarded by having date 
palms fruiting in less than six years. 

As we understand it, the soil for the date 
palm does not have to be rich, but, on the con- 
trary, this tree will grow in a soil poor in humus, 
and as far as irrigation is conct.rned is less par- 
tial, as regards quality of water than any fruit- 
bearing tree of any importance. Added to this, 
that the date palm, when first acolimated, is 
able to endure frost that would kill orange 
trees to the ground, it would indeed seem that 
many localities in southern interior vallejs 
would be admirably adapted to the culture of 
this noble tree. The tree demands a good sup- 
ply of water, no doubt, but it will go down' for 
it and therefore a luxuriant growth may be ex- 
pected where the water is abundant below, 
although the surface may be dry and barren. 
The hot districts of the San Joaquin valley con- 
tain many places wheie this subterranean water 
is abundant though the rainfall may be slight. 

January 6, 1883.1 

pAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 


Agriculture in Colorado. 

( Tbie branch of industry as yet in its infancy 
in Culoradc; unlike the States of the East, whose 
wealth was mainly encompassed in the soil, 
Colorado and the States of the West have been 
opened up by prying into the solid rock and 
cleansing the deposits in and about the streams 
for precioas meta'. Mining there became the 
initiatory industry, and ocly as men began t) 
real'zj that it was necessary to provide for other 
wants did agriculture, stock raising and kindred 
pursuits begin. In the settlement and develop- 
ment of a country, agriculture, in the msj )rity 
of cases, precedes all others; but where there is 
mining wealth, agriculture succeeds, as it did in 
California, and is doing in Colorad-^. 

The rapid advancement made by Colorado in 
its mining interests is already well known. Bat 
agriculture is now advancing and rapidly becom- 
ing an industry of no mean consideratioa in the 
make-up of the State's wealth and importance. 
While Colorado by no means as yet produces 
enough from her fields of grain to support her 
population, yet each year witaesses a nearer ap- 
proximation to this resulc. Statistics prove 
that twelve States and five Territories show a 
smaller yield than Cjlorado. The same records 
show that the ratio of increase over the yield of 
1870 is above 450%, 
while it is reasor able 
to predict a still 
greater advance for 
the next d cade. It 
has been claimed by 
some t' at the: e is no 
agriculture in Colo- 
rado, but a personal 
investigation of the 
suVjectand an exam- 
ination of statiit cs 
prove the contrary. 
There is li t e, if 
any, of the land of 
Colorado that in its 
natural state wou'd 
be selected by an ex- 
perienced EAstern cr 
California farmer- for 
li r st-cl ass tillable 
land; but irrigation 
is demonstrated to 
be a pn ctical i u xess 
there, and through 
this agtnoy crops as 
tine as those in I li- 
nois or Obio oi Cili- 
fornia &re i r duoed. 
Oie evic eace of the 
faith of the people in 
the agricultural fu- 
ture of Col r tdo is 
the n a'ked ii crease 
in the valuation of 
farming land. This 
increase may be eet 
down at 50% as the 
average for ihe Siate 
for lOyearp. In many 
places land has 
(loubled in value. 
Thei e are few now 
who do not have faith 
in the permanency of 
this great indvs'iry, 
and the pcsjessionof 
a piece of land is a 

more desirable thing than it seemed to be a few 
short yea' s ago. It was our privilege, while at- 
tending the Denver Expobition, to call on Mr. W. 
K. Pabor, associate editor of the Colorado Farm- 
fr,who is probably better posted as to Colorado's 
agricultural resources and prospects than any 
other man in the Stste. Some facts gathered from 
this gentleman will be of interest in this con- 
nection. Mr. Pabor informed us that there is 
considerably more tillable land in the doutbern 
portion of the State not under cu tivation than 
in the northern. As yet the State is the pos- 
sessor of most of this land. However, about 
60.000 acres were disposed of to corporations 
now engaged in the work of building canals for 
irrigating purposes. Having made something 
of an estimate as to the present year's increase 
in agricultural products over that of last year, 
Mr. Pabor places iS at 10%. This increase is 
mainly in the wheat yield, as almost enough 
wheat was raised this year to supply the home 
consumption. This is the first time in the his- 
tory of the State that this result has been at- 

The greatest unsolved question now before 
Colorado is"the raising of fruit. Oar informant 
is of opinion that an unexcelled fruit country 
will be located on the slope in the Gunnison 
district. Here is located the old Ute reser- 
vation, which has long been remarkable for its 
fertility and advantageous situation for fruit 
growing. This district is similarly located to 
Utah pn the other side of the slope. Its alti- 
tude is about the same, and climate and general 
cond.tions of growth similar. At Florence, in 
the southern portion of the State, there is one 
large fruit orchard of about 20 acres which is 
doing well and producing annually a splendid 

Corn is raised to some extent, bat the cli- 
mate is somewhat unfavorable for this crop. 
The cold night air produces a stunted and nn- 
succesaful growth of this impoitint cereal. 
From the most reliable sources it is found that 
there waa imported into the State of Colorado 
daring last year 900,000 bushels of wheat, 1,- 

000.000 bnshek of oats, 500,000 bushels of bar- 
ley, 750,000 bushels of cora, 750,030 fti. of po- 
tatoes, 3,000.000 lbs cf batter, 665 otra of green 
fruit, mottly from California, and some from 
Kinsas and Nebraska, 3 750,000 cans of canned 
ao. d-, almo;t 15,000,000 ft i. mill feed, 13 OOO,- 
000 ft', poik product', 1,000,000 ft'. cheese. 
These figures are important as showing jast 
hotv far short the State comes as yet of supply- 
ing the home demand. These estimates are be- 
lieved to hs quite trustworthy. As fir as the 
cereal products are concerned, these ei t mates 
may fairly ba discounted about one-fourth of 
this year's yield. The increase of acreage for 
the year is abjut tiva par cent., which will 
doubtless he greatly increased during the next 
two years on accjunt of the extensive canal now 

In the terr't iry a-lj leant to the R'O G;ande 
river, in the southern portion of the State, fully 
150,000 acres will soon ba plioed on the market 
for agricultural purposes, having giod water 
facilities. Taia land is worth probably $10 per 
acre, not in^lu ling the watir privileges. 

Greeley Col ny. 
The first attempts at a_^ric iltare in ths Stite 
were made at (xreeley. A? is well kno vo, this 
is a colony town. In 1870 a band of farmers, 
representing almost every agricultural cam- 
munity of the ciuafcry, cime h^ra aad looitel. 
The first enterpriie undertakiu was the build- 

are doing much 1 1 ass'st in advancing Culorado 
in agriculture. The steady immigration to the 
State is yearly supplying not only artisans and 
miners, but the farmer is oming aho, and co- 
ciety is rapidly adjusting itself. There are 
many agencies cor tribu ting to make Colorado 
an agricu t iril State. Tne facts in the case 
are that Colorado has not enough land capable 
of cultivation to ever supply the entire home 
market. Bat what land there is possible of 
cultivation will soon be made to jield hand- 
somely. The digjicg of canals and artesian 
wells for irrigating purposes, the building of 
raiWays and the steady immigration to the 
State promises much for the future. 

Cjlorado can never becoma a graat agricul- 
tural State. Bit when there shall be within 
her borders a population as large as the State 
can contain, the community o? interests will 
be nearer iqaallzsd in Colorado than in the 
majority of the StattiS of the Union. la fact, 
there will hardly be anc tier State oatside of 
California th;. t can compare with her. And 
this will arise bjcause within the State there 
are the richest atd most subataatial mineral 
resourcef; agriculture aad manufacture c»n be 
supportef*, and already are taking high places 
in the mikc-ap of the State's poasib lities. 

Potency of ths Hdm.w Voice in Controll 
IN(! THE Horse. — The reins may guide the 


ing of a canal from the Cx he la Poudre r>er. 
This irrigating cinal covered 50.000 acres or 
land, and cost about $60,000. The water rights 
along this canal, which originally C08t..^i75, are 
now held at $7.50 A general fence, legilizjd 
by statute, encloses this extensive farming area, 
and the expense of maintenance made part of 
the annual tax, The appearance of this colony 
to the traveler is refreshing. Hare thriving 
farms, upon which all kinds of husbandry are 
pursued, afford a continuous picture of contented 
and succestful farm life. During the 12 years 
that this colony has been in existence a con- 
siderable portion of the cactus-growing plains 
have been reclaimed, and numerous little 
towns started. This year the crop raised by 
this colony is over half a million dollars in 
value. The school and the church are cherished 
as beneficial institutions. The colonists are dis- 
tinctively a temperance people, which doubtless 
contributis largely to their succass. Samples 
of the wheat raised this year at Greeley Col- 
ony average from 60 to 05 pounds to the bushel. 
It is no unusual thing to hear of a farmer whose 
gross sales are $10 OOO; and that a farmer of 
this locality should produce a crop valued at 
from $4,000 to !$7,000 is very common. 
Live Stoclc Interest. 

Covering the cattle and sheep interests of 
this colony, it is safe to say that '75,000 head of 
cattle are feeding there; also, 94 000 sheep, 
whose worth is estimated at $300,000. The 
value of this year's clip was $100,000, and 
fully 60% of an increase in lambs will add 
largely to next year's flocks. 

We have chosen to mention the Greeley 
colony and the wild country in which it is lo- 
cated only because agriculture has been car- 
ried to greater success there than in any other 
portion of the State. Here it is particularly 
demonstrated that agriculture can be made suc- 
cessful in Colorado. Other colonies of like 
promise are already in existence in different 
portious of the Scit?. The valleys and glens 
in the mountains are being reclaimed and de- 
voted to agrionltural pursuits. The railroads 

horse, the bit may inspire him by its careful 
manipulation, and the whip may urge him for- 
ward to greater ambitioi ; but the human voice 
is more potent than all theae agencies. Its as- 
suring tones will more quickly dispel his fright; 
its severe reproaches will more tff actually check 
his insubordinatioE ; its sharp, clear, electric 
commands will more thorougl 1/ arouse his am- 
bition, and :t< gentle, kindly praises will more 
completely encourage the intelligent road horse 
than the united forces of the bit and reins and 
the lash. No animal in domestic use more 
readily responds to the power of kindnes'than 
the road horse. — National Live Stock Journal, 

The James Vick Strawberry. 

A new strawberry, bearing an honored name, 
is shown in the engraving on this pagi*. It 
originated in western New York, and, accord- 
ing to Virk's Floral Ouide, created quite a sen- 
sation in the vicinity of Kochett^r during the 
past season, being apparently the most prolific 
variety ever it t reduced. The average aiz) is 
large, its color bright scarlet, turning to crim- 
son, and the quality is good. 

Mr. .John S. Collins, of Moore; t)wn, New 
Jersey, from whose small fruit catalogue we 
take the engraving, gives the following descrip 
tion of the berry : 

1. Fine quality, unusual vigor, and herma- 
phrodite (or perfect ) blossoms. 2. Color, form 
and firmness of berry, which approach the ideal; 
no white tips, no coxcombs. .3. Ability to 
stackdon the vines a week after ripening with- 
out becoming soft or rotting, or losing quality 
or much luster. Instead of softening it shrinks 
a trifle and becomes firmer than when first ripe. 
4. Uniformly large size, and productiveness un- 
equaled by any other variety. Two hundred 
and eighty berries were counted on one average 
plant, and from one '•ow about 100 ft. long 
nearly two bushels of berries were gathered. 

Blackleg ia Youag Stock. 

We still hear from tima to time of the occur- 
rence of this diseasa in our stock -growing dis- 
trictf, and In the aggregate considerable losses 
have been sustained. All notes on the treat- 
ment of the disease may be valuable to our dis- 
tant readerp, and we reproduce a paragraph from 
the Breeder s Qazetln in which it is stated that 
bleeding will sometimes prove useful when done 
at the very beginning of the disease, but if done 
later it will only hastau death. On account of 
the rapid pr 'gress of this disease, treatment 
often proves unavailing. Purgatives should bs 
admioiatared early. The following dose may 
be given to cattle over a year and a half old : 
Take an ounce each of aloes aad common soda, 
dissolve it in half a pint of hot water and add 
to this solution an ounce of oil of turpentine; 
also dissolve a p uid of Glauber's salts 
in a ([a»rt of hot water. M x the two solutions 
together and drench the animal carefully 
and blowly with the whole. To cattle from 
half a year to a year and a half oil, give half 
such a dose, and a third of tha quantity to 
younger one-. Give frequent salt witer injac- 
tions per rectum. Two to three hours after the 
laxative is given administer every hour a dram 
each of muriatic acid and nitric acid mixed in a 
pint of cold water. 
If tumors have ap- 
peared on any part 
of the body they 
should ba scarified 
deeply, and applica- 
tions ^made to the 
parts of a solution of 
one ounce of chloride 
of lime to each p'.nt 
of cold water. As a 
preventive, remove 
at all diseased 
stock away off from 
healthy ones. Feed 
all young stock under 
two years old upon 
spare diet, and place 
unlimited quantities 
of common salt in a 
separate trough, un- 
der shelter from wet, 
where the animals 
can partake of it at 
will, ai:d at the same 
time provide access 
to pure drinking 
water. A seton 
should be inserted in 
the dewlap of all 
stock under twoyears 
old, taking cire not 
to use the same knife 
and setOQ needle in- 
discriminately to 
diseased and healthy 
ones, whereby the 
disease maybe spread 
by ini coulation. It 
may be stated that 
there is no certain 
cure for this disease, 
which runs its course 
very quickly, and 
gent rally ends fatally 
in from twdve hours 
to two or three days. 
Keeping young stock 
in a t )o high cond t oo is a fruitful means of 
this malady. 

Important Enointeering Operations.— 
Parts of CoLralo, Naw Mexico and Ar zona, 
in plats of hundreds of thousands of acre?, are 
level and ready for the farmer, only that there 
is no water. The rivers running much higher 
, than these valleys or table-landp, cffar abun- 
dant water for irrigation, provided that ditches 
or channels be cut and dams conitructed to di- 
vert the water to them. There are numerous 
enterprises of this kind already in operation 
upon a moderate scale, and recently an English 
company has undertaken the cutting of a chan- 
nel in central Colorado, which will render some 
200,000 acres fertile and ready for the farmer's 
crops. Another itapendous undertaking of a 
similar kind is on foot by the Colorado Coal 
and Iron Company. This channel will be 
opened from a point on the Arkansas river 3.^ 
miles below Canyon City, and be extended 
across the table-land in a sontheasteily direc- 
tion to the St. Charles river. The ditch will 
be 30 feet wide and 76 miles long, carrying 5 
feet of water. Such enterprises are the feature 
of the new development of this new country, 
and are watched with a great deal of interest. 

To Spend the Winter. — Gen. L3.Duo has 
done a wise thing in coming to California' for 
the winter. The Riverside Pres.^ says: Hon. 
Wm. G. Le Due, of Minnesota, late Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture under the Hayes adminis- 
tration, visited I liverside on Tuesday and Wed- 
nesday. He will spend the winter in Southern 
California with his family. He has large min- 
ing interests in Lower California, which he ia 
looking after. 

Carp for the Table.— The Sonoma^ />»tZ«j; 
says: Next Monday Mrs. J. A. Poppe will 
make a shipment of carp from the Poppe carp 
ponds. Tnia is the first shipment that hat been 
made from these ponds to San Francisoo^ for 
table use. 


pAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

[January (), 1883 

The Fruit Growers' Convertion. 

(Continued from Paoe S ) 
M'. Dj Ling: I don't want to be underftood 
M saying 1 am opposed to new boxes, but t leee 
persons when thty say they will give yon 75 
cents for quinces', if you ask, •' Will you give 
me 75 cents and 2i for the box ? " reply, "Oh, 
no; I will give you 75 cents." The principle 
that I want to get in here is thit the canners 
■will offdr to give us the market price for the 
fruit, and then 2\ cents a box, but they only do 
give the mirket price for fie iruit and take the 
boxes. For all this I am willing to go ii t > the 
free- box system. 

The President: The chair under tinds the 
matter as IVof. Dwinelle has stated; at the 
last convention, one year ago, the inducement 
was held out to us. It was so ttited by Mr. 
Catler that eflforts would be used to have the 
canners divide the question of protit and loss 
on the boxes; if the growers would furnish free 
packages that they would stand one half of the 
price. How far they have carried that out 
or tried to carry that out, within the past year 
I can't say. . 

Mr. Britton: I want to say a few words in ex- 
planation. It seems by the range that the dis- 
cussion has taken that they all imagine I v?a8 
opposing the free boxes. My remarks were in- 
tended to draw the attention of the convention 
to the fact that this re»olution was not strong 
enongh to reach all the evils, and I think so 

Mr. Pitkin: I question whether it is advis- 
able for fruit growers to use free boxep. Now, 
my remarks were not baciuae I thought that 
free boxes were a bad thing: I didn't enter into 
that at all, but the idea of this past being scat- 
tered, whitier it was scattered more by the 
free boxes or lese, and t'le fact that I brought 
to bear was that these boxes going to the house 
of the commission merchant and not letnrned 
by them, but c;oing out to the consumer of the 
fruit and being left with them, propagated and 
spread the insect mure, far more, than it would 
provided they charged for the boxep, which 
caused the return of that box, and then obliged 
the commission merchant after he received that 
box back into his house to disinfect it, whic'i 
he could not do if the box was not returned to 
him. Oa that ground I claim that it is far 
more desirable not to have free boxes than it is 
to have them, in regard to the spread of the in- 
sect pest. I did not at all in my remarks mean 
to be understood anything in regard to the coat 
or profit pro. or con. on a free box. 

Mr. Jessnp: I want to explain that I act 3d 
on that committee with the canners, and it was 
not understood otherwise than that was to be 
the price when it was universally adopted. It 
■was not adopted, and this suit in reference to 
the disinfection of packages of course knocked 
all that in the head. I have not expected any- 
one, either commission men or canners, to keep 
the box and pay me for it, for the reason it was 
not adopted as a practice. 

Mr. Hainef : I wish to move an amendment. 
The principal ohj sction to the report is that the 
free box, in consequence of being not disinfected, 
is liable to spread the contagion. I move you, 
sir, that the word free be stricken out and the 
word new be inserted, for this reason, that it 
provides that every individual is to have the 
new box. That will not bind any person, but 
it shows the sense of ibis coavention that when 
fruit goes to market it should be sent in a new 

On motion, the report is amended in the re- 
spect referred to, so as to read "free and new 
boxes," and as thus amended, the report of the 
committee is adopted. 

Tne Comm'.ttee on Fruit Statist ica. Etc. 

Mr. Johnston: I was not aware that that com' 
mittee was exp{it;d to report at this time. I 
suppose that it was for the purpose of gather- 
ing statistics and considering the ways and 
means to cover the expense of the same during 
the next year, so that they might be informed 
as to the amount of fruit that was being raised 
and the prospects in relation thereto, and in 
fact I had not called a meeting of the commit- 
tee, so the committee have not assembled at all. 
The principal reason, however, for that is that 
my time has been otherwise so fully occupied. I 
have been on the Committee of Legislation, and 
whenever we have had a moment to spare we 
hkva met there. This is a very important com- 
mittee, and I think that no person ought to be 
oa both of those committees, at least I would 
like to be relieved of one of them, and I will 
move that Dr. Chapin be placed on the commit- 
tee on ways and means and the statistics in my 
stead. Carried. The name of H. .J. Rudisill, 
of Riverside, was by mistake omitted from the 
previona mention of this committee in this re- 

Semi-Annual Coavention. 

Mr, Holt : There are a large number of hor- 
ticulturalists in California thit are cut off 
absolutely, practically, from the benefits of this 
convention because it is so far to travel to get 
here. I have traveled 550 miles to attend this 
convention; have enjoyed it very much and I 
feel well paid for being here, but the large 
majority of horticulturalists down there can- 
not attend a convention and get the benefit that 
yon get up here. I therefore desire to make a 
Buggeacion, while I do not ■wish to interfere with 
the meeting of the annual convention in central 
California where it cin be attended by the lei- 
pie in this section of the country, but I do 
think that a semi-annual convention held in 

southern California that can be attended by all 
the fruit growers of the sonthern counties of 
this S:ate, and the fruit growers of central 
California can come down there and view 
what is sometimes termed the Giirden of 
Elen, and we could get a large enough delegat'on 
to hold a very respectable convention, and, on be- 
half of the people of K .verside, I invite this con- 
vention to authoriz3 the holding of the semi- 
annual convention at Riverside next spring, at 
the time of the holding of our annual Citrus 
Fair. I p'edg'-, on behalf of the citizens of 
Riverside, to extend their courtesies to the 
members that come down there. I understand 
that the Piess association are making arrange- 
ments for an excursion at that time to San 
Diego, but more particularly to li.verside, to 
attend that Vmt. They were there two years 
ago, and felt so well pleased that they want to 
go again. They are making arrangements to go 
down there at very low rates, and I presume 
that the Horticultural Convention could unite 
with the Press association to. come down there 
on very easy terms. Whether they can do that 
or not, there are people who want to come any - 
way, if they have to pay two prices for coming. 
This, you uuderstand, is a kind of a side-show 
of ours down there, and will not interfere with 
your making arrangements and holding your 
next annual convention here next fall. I have, 
therefore, the following resolutions which I will 

WiiKaSAS, The (ruit (frowers of Southern CaliFornia are 
equally int^reoted with those of other portions of the 
Sutc in the discussion of horticultural and insect pest 
queAiions; therefore be it 

Jieiutcvd, That the seml-innual State Ilorticulturil 
Convention be held at Riverside, Sin Bernardino county, 
next sprinif, during the holdiiig of the.Bfth annual Citrus 
Fair of Southern California. 

lU'Xulfed, That the Uorticultural Health Ofli,-er and 
State Board of Horticultural Commiesioners are hereby 
r< quested to make the necessary arrangements for hold- 
ing said bemi-annual convention. 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted. 
M'. 1 )j Long offered the following resolution, 
which was adopted: 

Resolved, That we, the fruit growers, in convention 
assembled, hereby pl.dge - a selves thit we will use our 
best endeavor to have our orjharclirts ship only the beat 
quality of their fruit to market, and tha'. the poorer qual- 
ities shall be kept out of market, so that we may be ena- 
bled to get remunerative prices for our good fruit. 

The President called the attention of mem- 
bers to the experiments to be held in lot ad- 
joining at 1 '30, inviting a general attendance. 

The convention then took a recess until 2 

Tho Exhibition of laeectlcldes 

At 1:.30 p. M., for the purpose of showing the 
practical application of remedies to fruit trees, 
the trees rn etbibition in the hall and infected 
with Aspidiotus Perniciosus were taken out to 
an adjoining lot and washed with concentrated 
lye, one pound t o one gallon water, applied by 
the Merigot spray and pump. Also, Mr. G. N. 
Milco made application of the pyrethrum to a 
number of plants infested with Icerya Purchani. 

Note. — Examination on Nov. 25 th to ascertain 
the result of applications showed that the (lye 
had destroyed the A*pidiolus Perniciosus. The 
application of pyrethrnms had failed to destroy 
the I<-3rya Ecale. 

Afi.ernoon Session. 

The committee reconvened pursuant to ad- 
j ournment, V.ce- President .Johnston in the 

Mr. J. H. M. Townsend, of Santa Clara: I 
move that we hold next year a Fruit Growers' 
Convention similar to this one, the date to be 
fixed by the State Board of Horticultural Com- 
missioners. Carried, 

The Next Convention to be in San Fran- 

Mr. WicksoD, of San Francisco: On behalf of 
the State Horticultural Society of California, I 
take pleasure in inviting this Fruit Growers' 
Convention to assemble in San Francisco. I 
promise, on the part of the State Horticultural 
Society, that the expenses of the meeting will 
be met as they have been by the Santa Clara 
Valley Horticultural Society in this instance, 
and we will do everything that we can to make 
the meeting a succes;. ' 

It is moved tiat the invitation be accepted, 
and that the next annual session of this conven- 
tion be held in San Francisco. Ctrried. 

Report of Committee on Fruit r ackers. 

Mr. J. H. Barbour, of San Jose, said: The 
chairman of this committee being absent, I 
found myself alone yesterday as a member of the 
committee representing the canners, and I have 
been too busy to do what I would have liked 
to do — prei are a written report. I have there- 
fore noted a few points that I would like to 
present on behalf of the canners to the fruit 
growerf; and I shall be glad to present a 
writtjn report through your Secretary at a 
later day, and have it become a part of your 
record. Kirst, let me call attention to the fact 
that the interests of the fruit growers and 
those to whom the growers must look for a 
market are identical; this cannot admit of any 
question. The growers, the canners and the 
shippers ought to come nearer together; they 
ought to understand each other better; they 
ought to work mutually for the game objsots, 
and there ought to be a better feeling between 
them than there has been in the past. 

In saying something from our own standpoint 
— from the canners' standpoint — my motives are 
of course liable to be misunderstood, and if I 
should insist upon some facts that may not be 
in harmony with what the fruit growers con- 
sider as their interests, they may feel as though 
it is merely a personal opinion, or is presented 

in the interest of the canners and is their cide 
of the story. I think we should bo the j idges 
of what we can do, and can certainly iudicata 
some things which growers should do. I claim 
that the canners .ind shippers, but the canners 
more pjii ticularly, stand between the fruit 
growers aad the ultimate consumers of their 
product, and necesaarily feel the pulse of the 
consumer before yon gentlemen do. We know 
what he is likely to want, what commands his 
attention as a consumer; and we know the 
grade of goods that are in demand and re- 
quired in the markets th. t we attempt to 
reach before you do. We naturally get that 
information in the course of our b lainess before 
the grower does, and it would seem to me that 
if the canners could come into your horticul- 
tural societies and into your annual g therings 
of this kind, and present the facts that they 
gather in the course of their business, it could 
not but result to our mutual benefit. 

The qestion most frequently asked of the can- 
ners, I think, by growers and those who are in- 
terested in fruit supply is, "What shall we 
plant ? ' 

"What Do You Want us to Plant?" 
In attempting to answer that question we of 
course can only speak from a canner's stand- 
point; you must go to the shipper for informa- 
tion as to what he wants you to plant, and the 
dryer and < thers who consume fruit must pre- 
sent their views for your consideration, for we 
cannot attempt to speak for anybody but our- 
selves; but we think we know what is wanted 
for canning, and what the probable demands 
will be in the future as to most of the varieties 
that are produced in California; that is in what 
direction the demand is likely to increase or di- 

The Peach. 

Among the different varieties, in the order of 
their respective value, I would mention first 
peaches. I know there is a popular apprehen- 
sion or popular belief among growers that 
peaches do not rank first; that apricots or some- 
thing else takes precedence. As a canner, I 
undertake to say that the backbone of any can- 
ning stock is peaches; that the fru t has never 
lost its popularity and it never will lose it, and 
I believe it will always raak firtt. As to the 
kinds most desirable for planting, we have 
never found anything better among the free- 
stone peaches than the Eirly and L-tte Craw- 
ford. There is an endless variety of peaches, 
and there 's a constant disposition to crowd into 
notice new kinds, but there are none that meet 
the general demand as well, so far as I know, 
astheEirly and Lite Crawfords among the 
freestone varieties. Among the clings there is 
such a list of names sometimes for the same 
fruit that it would be impossible to describe 
them all so that parties from different sections 
would recognizs the fruit as their kind of fruit 
or the fruit they have seen I can simply say 
this: That in the selection of any fruit for 
canning purposes, either freestone or clings, 
growers should take paiticular pains to avoid 
any kind which has a red pit or red meat about 
the pit ; that is a very strong obj sction. Of the 
clings the kind known as L3moD, or in come 
places the Orange, is considered the best be- 
cause it is fice from that defect aad because it 
has a firm, clear meat. One of the most desira- 
ble points in canned goods is to have a perfectly 
clear syrup, and it we undertake to on a peach 
which is red or purple about the pit^, we find 
that in the process that color comes out into 
the syrup and gives it a muddy appearance, 
and for fine table fruits this is a very serious 
obj action and a great drawback to their sale. 
So I say avoid any kind of freestone rr cling- 
stone peaches that have a red pi*-. We have 
among* the clingstones the White Heath. I: 
does not .do well here, but in some parts of the 
State it does, and I think it can be named as a 
leading variety and a de!icite, desirable one. 
The Apricot 

As to the apricot, there are not so many varie- 
ties as among the peaches. We have, so far, the 
two leading varieties — the Moorpaik and the 
I'oyal. I do not think that the ideal apricot 
has been presented yet. If it has, it has been 
in very limited quantities. It is not in supply 
to any very greai exten*-. What we want is an 
apricot about the size of the larger Royal. R oy- 
als that are well grown attain the proper siz: — 
I should say about 8 or 10 to the poaad. 

We desire an apricot of that s°z-, that is of 
good Qavor, perfectly free at the pit, and that 
has a uniform and deep yellow color. The 
Moorpark, as yoc all know, while it is of good 
size, is liable to the ol j action that it does not 
color properly. 1 1 is green, more or less, on 
one side. That is a very serious objection, and 
the Royal, while not open to that o) j action, is 
liable to be too small. It is allowed by most 
growers to overbear. If it were properly thinned 
and properly cared for it would be the best 
apricot we know anything about yet — that is, 
the best that has been presented in any consid- 
erable quantities. There have been some speci- 
mens presented that have been hybridized — 
that are very fine — and it is more than likely 
that the ideal apricot is to come yet from some 
of the hybrid'zad varieties. 

The Pear. 

In pears the only pear the canners use is the 
Bartlett, and this is the only one they are like- 
ly to use, because, so far as my experience has 
gone, and I think that of my friends here will 
confirm the statement, there is no ( ther pear 
that we have tried that, in processing, will re- 
main white. The Baitlett, in flavor, liz) and 
general appearance, is the king of all the pears 
for canning. 


In cherries, the white cherry, until almoit 
two years ago has been the only one that can- 
ners on this coast have used. It has been in 
great demand; the supply has been ioad(qaat?. 
The best variety of white cherries that we know 
anything about here is the Napo'eon Bigarreau; 
following that the Governor Wood, I should 
say. I think in the San Joiqain, and perhaps 
in Alameda county, the same thing that we 
call the Napoleon Bigarreau here is called the 
R jyal Ann; (like other kinds, there are a drzjn 
names lor the same sort of fiuit). I believe 
these to be the same identical thing, though I 
am not certain about that. They appear to be 
the sime. Two years ago we undertook to can 
more or less of other varieties, as the white 
cherries were so short in supply, and I am glad 
to state that the Black Tartarian canned has 
proven a great deal better than we supposed it 
would be, and we have endeavored to force that 
on customers in place of white cherries, be- 
cause we could not supply the demand for white 
cherriee, and while it cannot be exported and 
cannot be sent to the larger cities of the Eist, 
New York, Pniladelphia, or any of the wealth- 
ier places where appearance on the table is one 
of the prime qualities of canned goods, it does 
go, and I think will go largely into the Territo- 
ries, say New Mexico, Ariz)na, Western Texas 
Colorado, Kansas, Wyoming, Utah, Montana 
and Idaho, and the great Northwes*, the trade 
of which radiates from Chicago. The class of 
customers we have in that sectioi will tike the 
black cherries to a very large exten*-. I am glad 
to be able to say this, because there are so many 
black cherries growing here, so many new trees 
coming on that I should hardly know where to 
expect an outlet but for that fact. As I said 
at the beginning of these remarks, our interests 
are identical, and we are disposed to push them 
as far as we can, and relieve the growers of 
their surplus. 

The Plum. 

After cherries, I should say the next thing in 
order from our standpoint is the plum; and 
while the consumption of canned plums is very 
considerable, I believe that the demand will be 
a declining one, rather than an increasing one. 
The reason is thi'-: lu processing plums by any 
process that we have become familiar with, if 
cooked sutlijiently to kill the germs in the pit 
the symmetry and shape of the plum is ut- 
terly destroyed, and, as we say, it is cooked 
into mush, and presents a very unsightly ap- 
pearance when poured out of the can on to 
the table, and becomes very unsalable. If the 
other horn of the dilemma is taken and you 
undertake to preserve its symmetry and don't 
cook them enough they will "puff ' and ferment 
or "swell" in a little time, and the result is 
that canners have had such a discouraging ex- 
perience in canning plums, and so many claims 
for "swells," as we call them, that there is a 
disposition on our part to touch them lightly. 

We fiid those that are most salable to be the 
Yellow E'g, the Imperial and Washington Gage, 
and a small sprinkling of Golden Drops. The 
same ol j action obtains as to the darker plums 
that I mentioned a few moments ago in regard 
to peaches that have color in them. In the dark 
plum the color enters more or less into the syrup, 
and makes a very unsightly can of goods. It 
eeems to me that while there is a certain de- 
mand, but a limited demand for plums, the call 
for them is not likely to increase in anything 
like the proportions that the demand will in- 
crease for pears, peaches, apricots and cher- 
ries. Among the plums, and a line of consider- 
able importance to the growers, comes tte 
French Prune. That, for our purpose, is of no 
value, and I have nothing to say about it for 
canning, but I believe it to be a very valuable 
fruit for drying. It ia no use to can it, and we 
never do can it. It is so sweet that it is in- 
sipid when canned, and it is not at all attractive 
or desirable. 

Small Fruits. 
Now comes the small fruits— the stravr- 
berries, blackberries and currants. I have little 
to say about them, only that the supply of 
strawberries seems to be declining rapidly, and 
is not anything like equal to the demand, as 
you know. This year we have not been able (o 
obtain any at all in this section. 

The Markets for Oacned Qoods. 
There is another thing I want to talk with 
you about and to deal with you frankly, that is 
in regard to the markets; what onr markets are, 
what we must do to secure other markets, and 
also to disabuse your minds of some impressions 
which the press largely has contributed to 
spread, and which, it seems to me, ought to be 
modified so as to conform to the fact. In the 
first place, the impression has bicome very gen- 
eral that the foreign trade is a very large item 
with the canner«; it is a big thing. The phrase 
"the world for a market" has been rolled under 
our tongues, and has been so often used by the 
press that the conviction has become very gen- 
eral that we really have the world for a market 
for our canned goodp. That is not the fact un- 
der present conditions. From all the data that 
I have been able to gather, and I have taken some 
pains to gather it lately, the canned goods turned 
out by the different factories in California this 
year will amount to about GOO, 000 cases; that is 
rather under than over the maximum, I think. 
I hive secured a list of the entries at the S. 
F. Castom House from the beginning of the 
preeent season to this date, and find that the 
aggregate of all sorts of cinned fruit thus far 
sent abroad from that poit this season to all 
ccnutrie* is 17,541 oases. That may be a very 
(Co^TlNL'ED ON Page 13 ) 

January 6, 18^3.] 

f AeiFie RURAL f RESS. 

jvearly i,oo© 


Percheron-Korman Horses 

Imported :ind Jlicd by 

Wayne, Du Page County, Illinois. 

85 miles went of Chlcngo, on €. & N . W. R'j. 


Imported from France by 
him during the past 
12 months, 
1259 sir.ce July I st,- 

Itcins more than tli« roiiiliincU Im- 
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(Es^In these statements grade horses 
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Dated Sept. i, 1S82. Send for Catalogue S. 


Manufacturers of 

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President, Wendell Easton; Vice President and Oeneral Manager, Geo. W. Frink; Treasurer, Ang'o-Californiau Bank, 
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180,000 Acres of Land in lots to suit. These lands can be subdivided and are suitable for small homes. Evei7 
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For Sale.— The prices vary from $'2 to .S30 an acre. Some choice lands higher. We will sell on terms of one-fourth 
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For the halt year ending December Slst, 1882, the 
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f AeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

[January 0, 1883 

Bahach for Leaf-Eating Beetles. 

KriTOKS Press:— Six jears ago I planted 
small orchard on Und owned by me in the 
Upper Division of lloberts' Island, a few miles 
west of St}ckt(n, in San Joj q'jin county. My 
crchard nunobcrs about 2,100 ,treeB,;con8i6ting 
chiifly of apple, pear, peach and aprictt. The 
most ( fficacious means of protecting the trees 
and fruit frcm insect ravages has been cn my 
part a matter of earnest irquiry and eEFort. 
Guided by the counsel and instructions of the 
State Horticultural CVmmisfion, I had the mig. 
fortune last ppring to ir jure many of my ajple 
and pear trees very severely by using the alka- 
line wash c flicially recommended by the Chief 
Executive Horticultural Otli^er, although the 
wash I used was one fourth weaker than that 
rectmmended. P.'i v;ous to the washing ope- 
ration the old bark tn the trees was as smooth 
as that on the young bratches, but now the old 
balk is rough and cracked. The most of the 
ycurg wood was killed outright, tnd I verily 
believe that if I had usid the wash fully up to 
the eflBcialiy presoribjd strength I would have 
utterly ruined the crihard. As it wap, I puf 
fered so much disappointment and loss. My 
experience was really tuch as to shake my con- 
fidence in the « fficacy of any remedy, and it was 
only on the strength of repeated assurances that 
bnhach was certain destruction to all forms of 
insect life that I ventured an experiment with 
.that article— an article which I am now strongly 
inclined to believe will prove to be the great 
panacea for all the orchard ills which insect 
pests ii fiict. The buhach powder was mixed, 
with cold water, in the proportion of one 
" pound of powder to 50 gallons of water. Oa 
the 14th instant 1 sprayed 10 app!e trees, the 
branches of which were literally covered with 
the cucumber beetle (Dial roika Vittat>) and 
the result was that these pests immediately 
fell to the ground in myriad?. The sprajing 
was done with a Marigot pump, and the trees 
were covered a short time only with a tine 
mist. Although several gallons were mixed 
probably cot over one galljn was used. I 
placed in a tmall box a number of the beetles 
that had been touched by the sfriy, and up to 
the present time all tfl'jrts to retuscitate ilea 
have failed. A tmall tumber of the insects 
which were not touched by the spray were 
placed in a j,hial and are 1 1 11 livirg. The cu 
cumber beetle plays havcc with pear blossoms 
and are otherwise de.struttive, and judging 
from the very signal success of my late experi- 
ment, I feel confident that I will have very little 
trouble in stopping their ravsges during the 
fruit season. 

Kxperimenta in this city have demonstrated 
the fact that bnhach (the flower of the Pi/nthe- 
ivm cinerari /olvm grcund into fine powdei ) 
readily destroys the weevil in wheat stored in 
warehousep, and 1 am inclined to believe this 
insecticide will prove a heretofore undiscovered 
secret in the arcana of nature for the salvation 
of orchard fruits. This is written to the Ruhal 
PRt?^s in the hope of benefiting orchardists who 
may havesifTered similar annoyances and loss 
to those 1 have expeiienced. Pa'ties interested 
are cordially invited to visit my orchard and 
ascertain thereenltsof experiments with buVaoh 
frcm perioral observation. For the introduc- 
tion of the remedial plant into this State Mr. 
G. N. Mi' CO is entitled to recognition by every 
erchardist acd by every housekeeper on the 
Pacific coatt as a public benefactor. 
Stockton. Jos Hai.e. 

Migration of Fish TuRorGH the Scez 
Canal —Dr. Keller has ccmmnnicatcd to the 
Swiss Geographical Society some interesting 
notes relative to the migration of tish by means 
of the Sc. z canal, It was at one time predicted 
that the interchangeof fish between the Mediter- 
ranean and the Pttd seas wculd soon assume 
large provortions, but the prediction has not 
been fulfilled. Specimens of the smaller Med- 
iterranean Gsh have been found in the It^d sea, 
and for acme unexplained reason the fish seem 
to travel in that direction in preference to the 
other. The most interesting circumstance 
noted is that the pearl oyster is slowly making 
its way toward the Mediterranear. Its progress 
is s!ow, but it is said to be moving in large 

St3K Spots. — Herr S. WolfT endeavors to ac- 
onnt for sun spots by a new theory. He thinks 
they may represent areas on the sun that are 
vastly hotter then the vast surface eurroundioe 
instead of being cooler, as astronomers generally 
believe. They are regions to extremely hot, he 
supposes, that the heat radiations have reached 
the intensity of ultraviolet (red?) rayt; these 
being iLvisible, the spots consequently appear 

WoKK Still Going On.— It is stated that 
the works of the submarine railway between 
Calais and Dover are still goirg on, notwith- 
standirg political objections, and the gallery is 
now 4-1.5 yards in length. Since the heading 
has been under the sea there has been, it is 
said, no leakage. Col. Beaumont's boring ma- 
chine is being used. 

OvKRWOBKiiD men and women, persons of Kdentary 
liaibits, and others whose system needs recupention, 
aerves toned and muscles 8trenc;then d should use 
Brown's Iron Bittere. 


The blood is ilic foundation of 
fife, it circulates through every part 
of the body, and unless it is pure 
and rich, good health is impossible. 
If disease has entered the system 
the on/v sure and quick way to drive 
it out is t ) ])urify and enrich the 

These simjile facts are well 
tnown, and the highest medical 
authorities a<^ree that nothing but 
iron will restore the blood to its 
natural condition ; and also that 
all the iron preparations hitherto 
made blacken the teeth, cause head- 
ache, and are otherw ise injurious. 

Brown's Iron Fitters will thor- 
oughly and quickly assimilate with 
the blood, purifying and strengthen- 
ing it, and thus drive disease from 
any part of the system, and it will 
not blacken the teeth, cause head- 
ache or constipation, and is posi- 
tively not injurious. 

Saved his Child. 

J7 N. Eutaw St., Baltimore, Md. 

Feb. 13, i8Bo. 

Gems: — Upon the rccommenda- 
tion of a friend I tried Brown's 
Iron Bittiiks as a tonic and re- 
storative for niy daughter, whom 
I was thoroughly convinced was 
wasting away with Consumption. 
Having lost three daughters by the 
terrible disease, under the care of 
eminent physicians, I was loth to 
believe tliat anything could arrest 
the progress of the disease, but, to 
my great surprise, before my daugh- 
ter had talccn onebiiiilc of Bkown's 
Iron Bitters, she began to mend 
and now is quite rcslitred to former 
health. A fifth daughter began to 
show signs of Consumption, and 
when the physician was consulted 
he quickly said " Tonics were re- 
quired :" and when informed that 
the elder sister w.-is taking Brown's 
Iron Bitters, responded "that is 
a good tonic, take it." 

AuoKAH Phelps. 

Brown's Iron effectual- 
ly cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion and 
Weakness, and renders the greatest 
relief and benefit to persons suffering 
from such wasting diseases as Con- 
sumption, Kidney Complaints, etc. 

ArrfArC °' P'^ya'^d t>onnty to Cn-on Soldiers rc- 
ni I cai » ported on the rolls as deserters, Act of 

August 7th, 1S.V2. 

PpncinnC '^'^ ^" '<>1'"b''S disabled in llne and dls- 

■ CliOIUlia cbarffe of duly, either by accident or 

Wi(f nWS Poldiore who die<l In the service or since 
ItlUUf<9 discharged from any cause due their mi'i- 
tary service, arc entitled to Pension. 

Dapanfe In cases where the soldier died, learini; 

■ ai cilia, neither wife nor children, the parents 
are entitled to pension. 

BniintV Thousands of soldiers are yet entitled to 
wuuiilji bounty. Send (or blanks sod see if vou 

have received all due you, 

nicrhsi rnoc nonorablo Dlscharj^cs procured; al- 
t/iObliai yC9, Bo duplieatss. Send lor blanks. 

Increase Of Pension. ^o^r^attw'IS. 

titled to increase. Send for blank and we will advise you 
Address, with two three-cent stamps, 

Box 623 Washington. D. C. 


>,^\Ve fti 

, Istliehasiaof N'iceVe|f- 
' t'tnblcH, Itrniililiil 
1- lowiTH, and Wxu. 
— Jarm crop**.'""- 

: I'r.l is t^.-!f^<lU>T\\- 
t^tiility nud purity, 
■ nn(i <.nly tlii^ 
•:ST ottered. 
• are the Invi- 
7' funiiHrs, feed 
( ^;rnwt rs A deal- 
- ra anywhere. 

' I [■ twer.Veecta- 
iJi . 1- .irm.andTn-c 
VSeed, free, Cnta 
^' Infju^ ff Floutritii/ 

Bnlhs and rJant/i toT 

hOWB andirar(len,free..Si'>/'''/'''/''<irmrr«\4/inanar.i^:ilHJ 
V'ri?,*' (;s*i\!*on epeiial crops.North'n or South'n editinn. 
lOctn. Crain fiH'//urm.SW'/< V'iJiKa/— biKtory.defitTtp- 
titms, culture of bent GrainB.(iras8es,Potato©8.I()etM, 

HIRAM SIBLEY A, CO.. Seedsmen, 

€blca«o, IIL luid Boehceter, >. \ - 

llVliV 1'.2riinir<- I'lK-r.ltluouiiiiK < 

UOkVKoHt'N, or I ^ Mirout: Cnncuril i 

^^^^^_Viiie».l>y mail. y.MiM, for $1 .' 

Safe arrival and satinfartifm irimraiitecd 1 

Jif ■prcniinniH and dirfcti* ns for culture i 
with evcrj- or'lpr. OrtUr yotr. M<-'ntion paper 

nV. R. UKKII, ( liaiBlirrNliurg Niir-rrlr., I bniiihrr^liarit, f. 

F. A. HILiti, Superintendent. 

E. P. PALMER, Secretary. 


Removed from San Leaiidro to Benicia, Cal. Formerly Sweepstake Plow Co. 
Manufacturers of 


Qaner Plows. Road and Field Single Plows, Iron and Wood Frame Har- 
rows, Cultivators. Seed Sowers, Hay Pretsses Haying and Har- 
vesting Machinery, Headers. Iron Farm and Freight 
Wagons, Patent Iron Gear Spring Wagons, 

Spring and Thoroughbrace Wagons 


Bnckboards. Barrows, Store and Warehonse Trucks, Grain 
Cleaners, Barley Crnshers. Fresno Ditching and 
Grading Plows, Swe- pstako Qaartz Mills, Etc. 




THE HUll.DINGS are otct 1.600 ft. . . i -.Wi square feet, or nearly 2J acres. 

The »1 arrtjs, connected with the works by ran, nr. un;r it .u Ivuf -U, audbavu a ni>or(Uiface f f more than 40 i uOiujuare 
ft., iududiug wart'hciuiie. The niachincr)- is entirely new, of latest inipruved patterns throughout. With this Mammoth 
Eetablibbmeut and skilled nitclu.iiics in eirf ri *1. j. .rtmciit, we aro rrfv»arc<i to build every Kind of implement older, and 
parties 1, ceding sUBBistioiis "r • ■ i-.' it . i : ventiiiiia will have the be^<t kind of aid and assistance, thereby saving 
time, lalior and c<jin. (Jur t i rapid wc.rk and i,ron pt shipments, li hir by lad or water, thus 

niakinK a good.-avim: for par' r k""'" fr ni tiiete Works. We laitcularly invito correepoii- 

dtace fn-m the country, auu 1 1 . , :- < -i-nt to all iuquijics. We are sole mauufscturers of the (Jelebrated 

Hill's Kureka Sulky t'ang I'l'.w, lin. lu >8t po>,ju;.u < .sug in the State, of which there are a greater numb<-r in use than 
any other make. Alw.'ys victorious at plowing mate.he", ai d has made * dean sweep of premiums since 187ft, ai.d at the 
late State B'air at Sacrao^euto was awarded the /ir»r iirrmium. 


HIU's Eureka Single Bulky Deep Tiller. 

Tule flow. 

" Improved Granger Gang, 

" Im cl Single Soil and Tule Plow. 

" S.ugle Plows. 


Glllis' Improved Horse Powen. 

Gem and Cahoon Heed Sowers. 
Hill's Improved Headers, 
^^ood and Iton Harrows, etc. 

S reepstake Road and Breaking * 
•' Side Hill Gang 
•• Double Deep Tiller 
Fresno Ditching and Grading Plow. 
Ri member that Water Communicati) n insures Cheap Freights. That dealers, farmers and others living at, or 
near the Sacramento or San .l.i .c|uin rivers i>r their tributaries, can lu'ike a GREAT S.Wl .N'li OK KRF.Ii ;II T by bnyinic 
Gowls manufactur. d by the Hkn u:l\ A<iKi<'i_'i/i i itAi. WoitKs. either direct, or through .\Ie>sH!». kkk i H amilton. 
agents, .Sa'i Kranci.sco and Sacratueuto. The i>verland train i>a.sse» between wharf and Wi,rl».s, so that partus from the in- 
terior, or from San Kranciscn, will be landed at the door of the facti'ry. Wholesale and retail deale s, farmierr. and con- 
sumers are cordially invited to call st the works and examine for thetnselves. Our line of manu;acture embraces all of 
California's Stai d ir I make of Agricultural Implements. We aim to excel all in our line of Manufacture in proilu ting the bust 
Implements, with ail ihe Lattst Practical Improvement?, which are peculiarly adapted to oiu: soil and the I'aeiiic Coast, 
both iu tilling ground an . Ii irve.~tiug the grain; producing articles which combine all that genius enterprise and science 
can insure. A guarantee lo the purchaser, and a cedit to the manufacturer. CorroepcnUtiUce is invited that we may send 
Circulars and descriptive lists. Address, 

Or Agents, BAKER & KAMILKN, San Francisco and Sacramento. 

Mitiuffvcturer of 




Solid Steel 



D.c l.S 1882. 
Bynm Jarkitttn. 6/5 
I Strth St.. S F.^n 
Deak Sir We 
have tried your V- 
Tooth Harrow, and 
are well pleased with 
it. It do«'B good 
work snd piiiveri-MS 
the ground thor- 
oughly. Yours truly 
— B f F F f Ji & 

8 T O f K T (I X. 

It is Undoubtedly 



I believe tlie above to bo the beat Wooden Frame Harrow made. The Teith are made of (o!id steel, V rhapcd, 
which form is foun t to give greater strength, last longer and cut bett..T than any other. The frame is strong and 
well braced, and they will do the work. 5«it oil rri.i'. Send for Circulars. Address. 

6.^6 to 6 Bl S xth street, < fidTI P^miK ISPrt 
149 to 169 Bluxomo Street, ( Oall 1 1 <IU\ 18«,U 


J. H. CONDIT & CO., Agents 

— FOR- 




Cast Plows and 

Of Our Own 

Steel Plows, Reversible Molds, Eureka Gangs, Seed Sowers, Harrows, 

' Fence »Wlre, Wheelbarrows, Hardware and Ship IChendlery. 
Rubber and Leather iBeliing.i Rubbtr and lUmp Packing. Tent*, Hote snd Twine. Garden, Flower and 
Field Seeds— Alfalfa. i„.>' r< . . • oi i«- 

g[J/H CONDIT & CO, Hunter St., near Main, Stockton. 




itK Kl:ilPi|ul, 


Garkield, — business Colleges, my fellow- 
oitizcua, originated in this country as a pro- 
tesf, a'jainist the insuflficiency of our isystem of 
education — as a protest agaiust the failure, 
the absolute failure, of our American scliool* 
ind colleges to tit young men and women for 
the business of lifw. Take the great classes 
graduated from the leading collei;e8 of tbft 
country during this and the next month, and 
how many, or, rather, how few, of their 
members are fitted to go into the practical 
business of life, and transact it like sensible 
men. These Business Colleges furnish their 
graduates wiih a better education for practi- 
cal purpi^c than either Princeton, Harvard, 
or Yale. There is scarcely a mori; pitiable 
sight than to st^e hej-e and ther-j learn, d men, 
so-called, who have graduated in our own and 
the universities of Europe with hi^rh honors — 
men v ho know the whole gamut of classical 
learning — who have sounded the depths of 
matUematioal and speculative philosophy — ' 
aud yet who <x)uld not harness a horse er 
make out a Bill of Sale, if the world de- 
pentied upon it. [Applause! 

1 i^-'^i 

Gto HBtKL' Lin lio CuLY Sr 

fAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

Two Pictures. 

iSome years a<:o there lived in County, 

California, two fiunilies, lionest and industri- 
ous, but who in their youth had received none 
of the advantages of culture and education. 
Realizing fully the value of that of which 
they liad been deprived, they determined that 
their children sliould not begin the battle of 
life until fully equipped with sound and sub- 
stantial learning. Therefore, as a bright little 
boy gladdened each fireside, in the course of 
time tliere might have been seen two lads, 
with clean and rosy faces, trudging to school 
through the dusty village streets, book and 
and slate in hand. The months and years 
passed rapidly away. In each home the ijues- 
tion of their boy's welfare was gravely dis- 
cussed after the children had gone to the 
dreandess nleep of tired, healthy childhood. 
The village school did not seem sufficient ; the 
boys were youths now, and what should be 
done for their best interest. One father 
thought a college c 'urseof four years in some 
well-known institution none " too good " for 
the manly fellow, who, but yesterday, was a 
fair-faced darling in petticoats. The matter 
was broached to the son. He was delighted. 

With mai\y prayers and tears his prepara- 
tions were made, and at last he started vvith 
his mother's kiss upon his lips, his father's 
earnest words of counsel in his heart, for the 
new life before him. Not long was he in dis- 
covering that intellectual superiority ranked 
far lower in the popular scale than muscular 
achievements at the oar. If one would keep 
the brain cool and clear, the muscles must be 
exercised ! And who in tlie gala day of 
blooming youth would sit all day over musty 
books w-lien there was the shining river and 
gay companions to allure the brain-weary 
scholar. Tlierefore the young man worked at 
the oar, became proficient in boating, yet did 
not altogether neglect his studies. Before 
half the allotted time had expired th"^ parents 
were rejoiced ; their hcJirts U-nt high with 
pride and satisfaction because their son had 
received a prizi^ for the liest Latin jjoem of his 
class. He delved amid ancient t!reek and 
Latin roots. Homer and Horace unfolded 
their beauties to him. And when ;it length 
he received from liis Alma Mater the toiled- 
for sheepskin, the ancient languages, one or 
two nioilern ones, belles-lettres, geology and 
philosophy, were perfectly familiar to him. 
He ^vas welcomed home by friends and kin- 
dred, and enjiiyed keenly the hmg, sunny 
days of rest after so many months of brain 
work. It had always been the un- 
derstanding that he should manage a 
farm which was a legacy from a relative. 
He hardly seem-'d, with all liis chissieal lore, 
quite adapted for this life, and for the first 
time the father questioned the wisdi)m of his 
course. Now, however, it was too late to 
chance that. And after some months at the 
old homestead, he once more quitted it. Not 
quite the same was this parting ; "somehow 
the boy seems changed." the mother sighed, 
"and hardly as if he belonged to such homely 
people as we." 

Let us visit him after ten years, and see 
how he has wrought out the problem of his 
life. A farm rich of soil and bountifully sup- 
plied with water by tiature, had been his leg- 
acy ; all that was required to make a perfect 
and model home lay within his own hands, 
muscular hands, as his fellow students could 
testify. Here before us is a farm. Let us 
linger a moment. Behold the house, old and 
weather-beaten, shutters hanging, window- 
panes stuffed with old hats and cast-off gar- 
ments ; a yard with the debris of years, 
apparently, collected within its narrow bound- 
aries ; back, what should be a garden, but the 
weeds seem to out-number and out-flourish 
the few sickly plants. The barns, which to 
the initiated reveal the farmer's thrift, are 
low, black and dilapidated, seeming to mourn 
for what they would, but have not. A few 
lean cattle graze in the pastures or escape 
through the broken fence to feed in the grain 
fields. Wliere is the shiftless ignoramus who 
has a home like this ? Look at him as he 
comes with slow and lazy step to greet you, 
and lo ! instead of boorish words a sentence 
well rounded and elegant bids you enter. 
Alas ! it is the college-bred man. Philosophy 
did not furnish the practical method of seed- 
ing at the fitting moment. Greek and Latin 
contained not among their mysteries the se- 
cret of garnering the grain. Geology gave 
not the method of building and keeping in re- 
pair house and barn. And the man whose 
youth gave promise of so bright a future, has 
proved a dismal failure ; the inertia of college 
life had destroyed the natural activity and 
vim necessary to successfully carry on and 
perfect farm life, than which there is none 
more beautiful and desirable when a skillful 
hand and ready brain w rk and direct Here 
we leave him, a man in the prime and 
vigor of life, yet doomed to experience none 
of the genuine and well-earned happiness 
which rightly directed and intelligent toil 
confers upon him who uses it aright. 

How fared it with the other lad who so 
sturdily trod the well-worn path to the vil- 
lage school ? No less was he the object of 
tender anxiety and love. His parents pon- 
dered and discussed the matter of his edu- 
cation with tender solicitude. Essentially 

practical they considered the subject only from 
the stand-point of common sense; the future 
of their only son was more important than 
the mere present and the pleasures to be de- 
rived therefrom. The lad therefore continued 
to sit at the feet of the village schoolmaster, 
w ho stored his active mind witli the rudiments 
of a sound education. At length, having 
developed under the winter and summer suns, 
into a tall and comely youtli, lie, too, was 
fitted with all that loving hands and tlionght- 
ful hearts could devise, and sent to the busy 
city to enter college. But this father said: 
" My boy is to be a farmer, he must have an 
education that will adapt him to the manifold 
duties of such a life, and he shall receive 
only a thorough business training; his educa- 
tion shall be practical ; he shall deal with facts 
and men. Let him know his own language 
well, to write, read, and speak it correctly ; 
that will suffice. In the leisure of his after 
years he can find recreation in studying other 
languages if it so please him." Therefore he 
was sent to the best Business College in the 
State : received there a careful aiul thorough 
examination, that he miglit be placed in his 
appropriate niche, and then to work. No 
time to play here, but steady diligence for a 
few months, and then to the life mapped out 
for him. Lessons in penmanship, then in 
orthography and arithmetic, fit the stu- 
dent for the higher branches of his 
course. Having safely passed over mathe- 
matical shcrjvls and quick-sands, he enters at 
length his business life in the practical de- 
partment. Here he does not play at doing 
business, but must fulfill every duty of genu- 
ine, practical business ; no branch is over- 
looked or fo'rgotten ; the rules of banking are 
as strictly enforced as in the bank of England, 
and no pity is shown him who fails to meet 
his obligations. Book-keeping is taught in 
its most modern and scientific form. Finally, 
when he has jjassed through all the examina- 
tions and toil of offices, taking each day a 
new duty until ])eif6ct in all, and has at last 
received his diploma as something more than 
a handsome picture to be framed and admired 
through the coming years— it is the reward 
and proof of actual knowledge and practical 
ability — he bids adieu to his college fiiends 
and returns home with lirain alert, all alive 
to begin dealing with tiie outside world. His 
father presents him « ith a handsome farm in 
land, and sufficient money to bridge over the 
first year of outlay. Ten years pass swiftly 
by, and leaving the noise and bustle of city 
life far behind, let us seek rest and recreation 
with him while we discover how he has ap- 
plied the principles acquired at Business Col- 
lege. As we roll swiftly over the smooth 
road, let us pause to admire this farm, with its 
undulating fields of grain, its fine pastures, 
its noble orchards, and the air of thrift and 
comfort everywhere visible. The house, not 
too large, Inft airy and comfortable, stamls on 
a gentle declivity, its porches running over 
with climbing rose and honeysuckle, filling 
the air with their sweet fragrance; a lawn of 
emerald green, with shade trees dotting its 
smooth surface, invites to repose and tliver- 
sion. The garden, dimly seen beyond the 
trees, displays vegetable and small fruit in 
abundance, and the orchards tempt with their 
bounteous store of golden and rosy fruit. 
But look beyond, to those stately buildings 
far larger than the residence, and behold, they 
are barns ! large, connuodious and convenient, 
filled fnll in the season with hay and grain. 
Thecattle, not too numerous, are of good breed, 
chosen for their quality, for nowhere does 
good blood "tell" better than in the bovine 
race, as the farmer knows full well. Let 
us not forget our host, while so keenly alive 
to the beauties of this ideal home, for we 
have turned into the wide gate and are stand- 
ing on the broad graveled path leading to the 
pleasant farm-house. He is the boy who 
learned business habits instead of dead lan- 
guages. To his life at school, where he was 
taught facts and to apply his mind to every 
day's duty and ordinary- busine«s, he owes his 
present prosperity. When it became neces- 
sary for him to make calculations of lieights 
and depths to ascertain the source and deliv- 
ery of water supply, and laying the pipes 
therefor, or running the true lines at the out- 
posts of his broad acres, so that no intruding 
"land-grahber " could trespass upon his 
rights — to all these, and the thousand and 
one other minutiae, he could make ready ap- 
plication of his practical knowledge in math- 
ematics, surveying and civil engineering. 
When it was necessary for him to deal largely 
in grain and stock, understanding thoroughly 
the intricacies and subtleties of trade, he was 
ever ready to grasp the opportunity ; for his 
keen business eye watched the earliest daily 
reports of the world's coinmprce, and partic- 
ularly the grain markets of England did not 
escape his careful scrutiny ; and thus was he 
always guided when to sell, how long to store 
the productions of his vast domain in his 
spacious warehouses, thereby never failing to 
realize the highest market value. 

Often has he been heard to exclaim from 
the promptings of an exuberant heart, and 
the full appreciation and acknowledgment of 
its great service to him : "All my sons, and 
daughters too, shall have the same useful 
training that has been of such incalculable 
benefit to me." 


Opposite- Mechani'::ji' Iristitute, 


The Model College of the Pacific. 


Regarding the Course of Studies, Conditions 
of Entrance, Graduation, Terms, etd 

Ot:r counie of smdics afT'^rds ilie most ample facil- 
tics for the pracllcal ediicuU")! <if |>er9ori3 of both 
vt'xes for Iho uciivo duties of life. Instruction is 
; ivcii ill every variety and stylo of l;<)ok-kooiiin^', 
i.-<im its Biinplcst t«> its miwl conjiilicatcd forms. Tcn- 
1 iui)s>iip is made a F|>oeiulty, and no one passiii-^ 
Uinm^'h the entire course can fail of b'.-coniinjf an cle- 
frant, rapid business i»ennian. ComnicrciaJ Calcula- 
tions, Business C'orrcspondcnee, Mercantile Law, etc., 
are lhorou;;liIy tau^jlit. No }uins have been sjiared to 
make our ^nuluatcs ready and currcet accountants ; and 
tlitir suc'-cstiful record as book-keepers and bi-sims-i 
nun is the best evidence of the fact which can be 

Time of Commencing. - Tlicre bcin^ no vacations, 
students can coninicnce at any time that suits their 
ronvu-.icnce. The College Departments are open for 
reception of students every week-day during tlic year, 

Preparalory Education.— .Vn ordinary English educa- 
tion 15 all that \mU be ri-fjuired on cnnniciicin^ the 
business course. Students found dcl'.ci.-Tit in any 
study's can receive instructions in those branches in th*e 
I'.n^'lish l)cpartiiicnt, and may graduate with as hi;,'h 
liuiiors as others, by spending a little more time in the 

Time Required. -The time required for completing' the 
business course is, for f.tose well advanced in the En;^'- 
I'.^h b;':inciics, about siv months, varying goincwliat 
accordiiijf to the ago, ability, and a])plication of the 
puiiil. l'u|)ils of an early a^e or those not fully prc- 
p.ircdfor the business coiu-sc, will retjuire more time 
than others to graduate. 

The Cost— The cost of an education at this Institution 
is no (.T, uttr I'.i.iii at interior schools. Vi e h.ivc ample 
facilities, and our experience in this city has been sul/i- 
ciciit to enable us to print thorough iiustruction at thj 
lowest rates. The whole expense for tuition, station- 
try, board, w.ashinjr, etc., should not exceed the sum of 
^260 for tlie six months' coiu-se. 

Will it Pay ?— It is impossible for a younj uian to in- 
vest money in any other way which will brinjf so speedy 
and sure a return. ^ ii education cannot be lost. Us 
value increases every year of a man's life. 

Vacations.— We have no vacations, except on Icj^l 
nolida\ s, thus cnablini^ each (tiio to complete his course 
of studies without iutcrni}'. ion. if desiretL Vacations, 
however, can be obtained by special request, if required. 
Students can enter the College, or graduate, ou any 
week-day during the year. 

Board. — Wo are always ready to assist students in 
findinfj board, wlien recpicsted. Good hoard in private 
families can be obtaiiicifl for $2.5 ]»er month. Students 
can rent rooms and live at a restaurant for $20 or less, 
I>er month. Great care will be exercised in selectinij 
jtroper boarding places for pupils entrusted to our 
charge by their parents; 

Individual Instruction. — Tn the business course, the 
class system is entirely discarded, except for p:e!i«ral re- 
\ lews and practical exercises upon the blackboard. 
Thus, each student receives all the advantages of pri- 
vate instruction, and will imt be kept back in his coursu 
by others of les's ability and application. 'The ambitious 
young man may, by this means, Krepare himself to ac- 
cept a lucrative position iu luuch less than the ordinary 

Attendance.— Pupils are required to be ,->unctuaI in at- 
t'Miilarice. 'Fhe roll is called at the openin;^ of each ses- 
sion, aud every pupil in attendance is ex|>ei ted to be 
present to answer to his name, unless previously ex- 
cused. In case of necessary absence or tardiness, ail 
oupils, under acre, bring wriueii excuses from 
oarents or guardians, before resuming studies. If any 
pupil shoul.l be abaentfroni school without having been 
previously excused, a notilication is invariably sent on 
the same day to parent or guardian. No pupil is 
allowed to leave h'e scat or the school-room without 
jierinission. In regularity of attendance and discipline, 
our school is seoond to none in this imitate. 

Our Diploma.— Our Diploma is one of the finest artis- 
tic productions of the kind in the country. It is given 
to all stuilcnts who can pass the tinril exaiiiination in a 
satisfactory manner and to no otlicrs upon any condi- 
tion whatever. The examination for graduation is very 
til' riiugh and complete. We ara determined that nn 
niie shall hold our Diploma unless thoroughly qualiHcu 
frit'; hence, those who do obtain it can refer to il with 
a feeling of pride. 

Our Graduates. — Our graduates are now to bo found 
in responsible and lucrative positions over the whole 
I'acilic slope, to whom we p iint with pride as references 
as to what our school can do for young men. They are 
employed in many of the leading banks, insurance offi- 
ces, and business housesin this city, andare everywhere 
successful in giving good satisfaction to their employers. 

Situations lor Graduates. — As far as possible, gradu- 
ates of good standing are assistedin obtainingsituatioiis 
in the city, if desired. Many young men seem to be de- 
terred from securing a business education by the fear of 
not obtaining a situation after oom)>lctiiig their course. 
We w. uld sug'jrest to them that such is not the right 
kind of spirit with which to commence life. Peojilo of 
so great timidity and helplessness need nwver expect to 
aecoinplish much. If a young man thinks he can better 
his situation by a course of training in coninicreial 
science, let nothing deter him fr»jm jmshing forward, 
and he may be certain to come out all right. We never 
knew a Joung man with the energj- and perseverance to 
master our course of studies to remain long idle ; but 
those who are too timid to undertake it, or get discour- 
aged when half through, should not expect success t« 
attend such feeble efforts. 

Partial Courso.— Persons tmable to take the full busi- 
ness course t^an receive jtrivatc instruction in any of the 
branches taught in thet^OLLEOE, upon reasonable tenns. 

Deposits for Pupils.- Parents or guardians can deposit 
the money for the necessary expenses of pupils with us, 
and it will be paid out to them at such times, and in 
such tuuis, as may l>e requested. 

College Built'lng.- Tills building is one of the fine edi- 
fices of the city. It is centrally located — on the north 
side of Post street, between Kontgi nicry and Kearny 
strec's— and ii in near proximity to the i ";ncipal hotels 
and street-car Kncs. Students will find t^ie College ua:iy 
of access from all jarts of the city. 

Our School-Rooms.— We have the finest school-rooms 
on t'.ie I'acilic co:ist. They are large, well-li;,htcd and 
ventilated, and plea.s.ant in every res|)ect. Ourfuniittire 
ii wc'.l ailap'.cd to the purpose inieiidcd ; our actual 
lousiness Cilices have been fitted up at great expense ; 
and in evcrj- rcs|>cct we can offer fitsl-cla^s acc-omniuda- 
tions to our pupils. 

Our Office.— Our orice is in College Building, 24 Post 
street, and cimncets with the schoid-rooms and recita- 
tion-rooms. It is nicely turn; ;'.icd, and filled with 
specimens of our pen-work, which we are alwj;,s ple.iu:d 
to s'.iow to visitors. Uusincss men bioking for account- 
ants, parties desiring any Infonnalion concerning the 
school, pcraons wishing to enter the College, and all 
those wishing to view the workings of our Institution, 
are invited to call at our office, where they will find 
some one to wait on them. 

College Association.— Our School is the only represen- 
tative of the I-MKnNATIONAIi lll'SlNESS CoLLLUB»oc;.\. 

TioN (»n this Coast. Pupils paying for a course in Ibis 
Coile rc can complete it in any of tTie thirty-s^x S' hoi. Is 
in tiie Associati. n, if more convenient. IJesidcs the 
membership of our school wi I gi\e them a business 
acquaintanceship in all the leading cities in America. 

Our Advantages.— The ad\antagcs offered to young 
men by our school are such as are found nowhere else in 
tlic Stale. Call and examine for yourselves before decid- 
ing what school to attend. 

Visitors. — Visitors to the College are always welcome. 
The public are cordially invited to call, at any time, and 
examine the various Collejjc l>cpartments'. Persons 
from the interior, and strungtirs stepping in the city, 
will find a visit to our Institution interesting. 

Hours of Instruction.— The hours of instniction ore 
from A. M. to 12 .M. and 1:30 to 4 P. M., every week-day, 
except Saturdays and legal holidays. 

Information.— Do not tail to address us for information 
\\\y n any points regarding the CoLLEOE, not fully under- 

Text-Books.— We tise the Bryant & Stratton text- 
books. Hie whole cost of text-books, blanks, stationery, 
business fonns, etc., for the full business course, in ail 
Departments, will bo about $15. Allot the books and 
forms, however, will not be required at time of en- 

Now is the Time.— We would suggest to young men 
that the present is the time tj get an education. Lose 
no time in preparing f'lr the duties and responsibilities 
that aw:tU you. Coiupetent nicii arc wanted in alt 
defiartments of industry. If you juit off the preparation 
f <r the future, tho time may ne\er arrive. Use the 
present, a;id then you can trust in the futtui^ "A 
Word to tlio v.'iae is sufficient." 

The Journal.- Specimen copies of the JovRKALcanbe 
had upon application, i.thcr at the otl'ice of publication, 
24 Post street, or bj letter. Persons -ecciving our paper 
w ill confer a favor upon us by bringing the subject of 
commercial cducatixii to the attention of such of their 
friends as may be benefitted thereby. 



$7r> Foil SIX MONTHS. 

The Term will commence from the entrance of the 
pupil and continue for six full months. Time lost 
through illness and necessary absences, when notifica- 
ion in advance is sent to the school, will be made up to 
the pupil. 

The FtTLL BrsisESS ConisE includes Single and Double 
Entry Book-keeping, as aiiplied to all deimrtments of 
business ; Coimnercial Arithmetic; Business Penman- 
ship; Mercantile Law; Business Correspondence; Lect- 
ures on Law, Business Fonns, and the Science of 
Accourts; Actual Business Practice in Wholesale and 
Hetail Merchandising, Commission, Jobbing, Imi>orting, 
liailrcading. Express Business, Brokerage, and Banking; 
English Branches, iiu hiding Beading, Spelling, Oram- 
niur, etc.; Drawing ; and Modern Languages, consisting 
of practical instructiiiu in French, (Jerman, and Spanish. 

The Kiiglish Branches may be omitted by thcise sulfi- 
cicntly advanced to enter ujMm the Business Course at 
once; they being intended for the younger pupils, and 
those whose early eilucation has been neglected. 

French, German, S|>aiiish, and Drawing are optional 
studies, not being re(|Uircd for graduation, and may b« 
pursued or not by the pupils in the Busiress Course, aa 
tliey may elect. 

There is no extra charge to pupils in the Business 
Department for any of tne above studies ; they are all 
included in the Business Course. 


Penmanship, one month $10.00 

" three months, in advance 25.00 

Arithmetic, one month I O.OO 

" three months, in advance 25.00 

For Book-keeping and the different branches ot the 
Business Course, other than reniiianship and Arith- 
metic, when pursued alone, the terms will be the same 
as for the Full Business Course, for the same length of 


Complete Course, for six months $50.00 

Telegraphy, by the month 10. 0« 

To pupils In the Business Department, only one- 
half of the above rates will be charged. 

The Complete Course will include a thorough training 
in everything i)ertaining to the fonnation of practicW 
ami suceesslul operators, as well as careful instruction 
in filling out the blanks, writing up the business forms, 
and keeping the books pertaining to Telegraph Offices. 


Ornamental Penmanship, Higher Mathematics, Sur- 
veying, Navigation, Civil Engineering, Assaying, etc., 
are practically taught in the College at reasonable rates, 
the tuition varying, according to the number and length 
of lessons. 

Further Information.- -For further informafi.-n. please 
call at the College (itlice, 24 Poat Street, or address, 




January 6, 1883.] 


The Fruit Growers' Convention, 

(Continued fbom Page 10.) 
surpruiag stAtement to many of you, I haveno 
donbtitis, but it is the fact nevertheleea. 
The reason is this, in tha first place to reach a 
foreign country from this coast we have an im- 
mense distance to go. If you look toward Eu- 
rope, you must, to secure low freights, go 
around the Horn, and that means a journey of 
9,000 mi!e3, from four to five months time, while 
freight, interest and insurance amount to a 
very considerable item. It shipped abroad the 
only market to which they dan go to any great 
extent in Europe particularly is the market of 
(ireat Britain. That country will take our canned 
goods without levying a duty. Every other 
conntry in Europe levies a duty which is almost 
prohibitory at present prices of the goods here. 
The French have raised their tariff recently; 
the Germans, within the last two years, have 
advanced theirs, and, so far as I know, not a 
single country in Europe to-day will take Cali- 
fornia canned goods ac present prices. They 
pay the duty on them, and put them into gen- 
eral consumption. They cannot' do it at the 
price, and until we can place the goods on board 
here at lower figures, the amount that can be 
placed in Europe must continue to be a limited 
one. I find by the returns that less than 5,000 
cases have gone in this direction this season, 
and am informed to-day by a party who is well 
posted in that matter that over 10,000 cases of 
California canned apricots remained unsold in 
the markets of London and Liverpool, which 
have been carried over from one to three years. 
Such is the condition of that market, and I have 
advices on my desk that have come from Lon- 
don within the last three days to the effect 
tbat the market there for California apricots 
particularly was completely glutted; that 
standard goods could not be sold at all, and that 
the only mass that can be moved to any advan- 
tage is firet-class high-grade goods, and those, 
as you know, cost a gteat deal of money when 
they get over there. 

Take the other markets of the world — South 
America, Central America and Mexico, 
every one of those countries levies a duty which 
is absolutely prohibitory. We can send no 
goods there of any consequence. If we turn to 
Australia there is only one colony there, I be- 
lieve, and that is Sydney, which practices in 
free trade. Melbourne levies a duty of over 
$1 a case on every case that comes in there, 
besides other heavy custom and landing 
charges. The market of Hongkong, which is 
an English port, is open to us, but is very 
limited indeed; there is a small maiket also in 
India. Now, while you can say that the Cali- 
lornia canned goods are going all over the 
world, that they go to South America, to New 
Zealand, to China, Japan, India and every 
other place, which is true, you must not forget 
that it is true only to a very limited extent. 
If we send 150 cases to India it is qaite a con- 
siderable thing to brag about, while a sale of 
5,000 cases to an American market elicits no 

Toe Home Markets. 

The principal markets of California are the 
home markets; I mean the markets of the 
United States, not of California, because we 
have not the people here to make a large mar- 
ket, when you consider that we have less peo- 
ple in California than in the single city of Phil- 
adelphia. You see we have not enough popula- 
tion to buy a great amount of anything. The 
great canned goods markets for us are Arizana, 
New Mexico, western Texas, Colorado, Wyom- 
ing, Idaho, Montana and the territory tribu- 
tary to Chicago. All those tjwns along the 
Missouri and the Mississippi rivers buy the 
canned goods of California heavily. When we 
get over in lihose market', however, we are in 
cirapetition with the Eastern fruit. In the 
East peaches can be grown and packed and de- 
livered at a central point like Denver very 
much less than the same grade of California 
goods can be grown, packed and delivered for; 
tuat is, very much less then they can be put 
over theie for at the present prices. 

Cost of Production. 

The prices for most varieties of fruits in Bal- 
timore IS considerably less than they have been 
in California. 

Then take the item of tin plate, a large item 
in canned goode; the Eastern price averages 
about one dollar a box, or 18 to 20 % less than 
in California. 

Take the item of labor, out here it will aver- 
age a dollar a day; for women and girls in Bal- 
timore, from three dollars to four dollars and a 
week, less by considerable than we have to pay 

Then the item of sugar; the price of sugar 
in the East this year has been more than 25% 
less than the price of the same article here. 
There is no single item on which we have any 
advantage over the Eastern canners in the con- 
test for these middle markets, these great mar- 
kets that I have mentioned, except in the item 
of fruit; we can produce fruit here a great deal 
better than they can, and ought to produce it 
a great deal cheaper, although for the past three 
years the prices that canners have paid here 
have not betn cheaper, but have reallj [jversgid 
higher. Tl e only reason that Ctlifoini* canned 
goods are going into those middle and interior 
markets and aie sold as largely as, they are, in 
my opinion, is this, that Baltimore and those 
Eastern cities where the canned goods business 
grew up, in which it was inaugurated, and from 
which the whole trade has developed, com- 

menced from the beginning to pack perfect 
slush, and as a result the great bulk of their 
product still ranks low, and deserves to. As 
some of the canners there said to me last winter 
when talking about the question of syrup, I 
asked him what grade of syrup he put on his 
fruits, plums for instance. "My dear sir," he 
replied, "don't talk about syrup here. We don't 
do quite so bad as they accuse us of doing; 
they say we buy a barrel of sugar in the begin- 
ning of the season and hire a boy to roll it back 
and forth through the cannery all summer, and 
that syrups the goods." 

Quality of California Qooas. 

Over here the single item of sugar put in ."v 
dozen cans of goods, ranges from 35 to 75 cents 
a dozen. The canners of California started dif- 
ferently; they began by putting up fiist-class 
goods, and they did it for this reason, because 
the freights to the markets that they began 
supplying on the start were such a large item 
that nobody would pay the freights on slush; 
they wanted a fine article, as a fine article cost 
no more to lay down than a poor one and was 
worth a great deal more to the consumer. 

The natural result was that the consumers 
themselves found it to their interest to encour- 
age the packers in producing a fine article, and 
the general grade in the early history of pack- 
ing on the I^aciiic coast was very high. I am 
sorry to say that it has not been strictly main- 
tained in the lait two years by all packers, and 
a great deal of poor stuff is going out which will 
Id jure canners and growers alike, and unless 
our canners and growers will maintain the 
quality and thereby retain the high reputation 
of our fruits, we are certain to loeo our hold 
upon the maiket. 

Good Fruit Needed. 

In this matter of quality the efforts to im- 
prove must begin, as you see, at once with the 
grower. Now, the average individual that has 
cultivated an orchard and produced a lot of 
fruit, and seen it grow from the time it blos- 
somed, and made np his mind that his fruit was 
about as fiae as anybody else's, and good enough 
for anjbody. is a very hard one to convince 
that there is a great deal of bis product that is 
inferior, and he ought never to attempt to mar- 
ket it. He gets the idea somehow that because 
it is bis fruit and he has grown it, it is a good 
deal better than John Henry's, bis neighbor; 
and it is very difficult, indeed, to convince him 
that it has any serious defects unless you can 
do it by putting the fruit on the scales and 
showing him that his apricots, for instance, 
actually run from 15 to 20 to the pound, when 
they ought to go 8 to 10; that many of them 
are overripe, or too green and defective in vari- 
ous ways; that not half of tiem will mate first- 
class goods, and that he ought not to have or 
expect the very top of the market for it all. 

By way of illustration of the matter, take the 
packers of this city for instance. Tney buy 
their fruit generally at so much a pnuod, and 
try to expect a first-rate article, and make that 
a condition in their contracts. They avoid buying 
orchards, as a whole, to get rid of being obliged 
to buy large quantities of small and inferior 
stuff', and it is still the fact that out of the fruit 
that comes into our canneries less than one-half 
of it will make first-class goods. The largest 
part of it has to go into inferior grades ihat we 
are glad to sell at a small margin above cost. 
We are glad to move it off. The three com- 
panies here pack three different grades of goods, 
and when you come to consider that the larger 
part of all the fruit we get in our canneries to- 
day must be sold at about cost, or very nearly 
cost, in order to get rid of it, it is a very im- 
portant item to consider, and it is a fact that 
ought to be remedied. 

Improvement Bequired. 

There is another thing. The tendency all 
the while is to raise the standard on the packer 
— that is, the markets that are requiring the 
articles that we send out are continually de- 
manding a higher grade.* This is especially 
true of the foreign markets, and if we could 
pack them high grade goods at somewhat lower 
prices we could send many more of them abroad ; 
but we can get such a small proportion of really 
fine, perfect fruit, that what we are able to 
turn out is enhanced in value (because we pay 
for so much poor stuff) to such extent that the 
goods cannot go into staple consumption, but 
are a luxury. The fruit should be grown 
and sent to the caoner with the idea if 
it is not up to standard, if it is not tit 
to make first class goods some other disposition 
must be made of it. It should not come to a 
canniug factory at all, aod it seems to naa it is 
inevitable that the canners must in their own 
interest and in your interett ultimately, 
in the interest of the extension of this trade, 
make the conditions of fruit delivery much 
more stringent in years to come than we have 
in the past. We must insist on a higher grade of 
fruit, and while a higher grade of fruit is abso- 
lutely essential in order to extend the markets, 
the utmost limit as regards prices therefore has 
already been reached. 

The Price of Fruit. 

It is a law of trade that when you decrease 
the prime cost of an article the sale increases in 
a every different ratio. 

The amount of increased sales will be in very 
much larger proportion than the decrease in 
cost. If to-day we could decrease the co^t of 
our canned fruits on board vessels in San Fran- 
cisco 25% we could more than quadruple sales, 
but I believe I am stating a fact well known to 
canners at leatt— the demand for California 
canned goods at present prices is fully supplied 
and fully met. 

There is more already packed this year than 
caa possibly be markttid before another season 
comes round. We have ourselves to-day a very 
large surplus of apricctj, and I learn from the 
reports of other canners here yesterday that 
the same is true with each of them. While 
that is true I believe the markets can be very 
widely extended, by reducicg the cost, and I 
believe the cost can be very materially reduced, 
and still show a good large margin to fruit 
growers; but those growers who are starting 
into the business with the idea that the present 
prices of fruit will be maintained with the large 
quantity to be taken care of, in my judgment 
will miss it enormously. The present prices 
will not be maintaiued; the tree planting done in 
the Santa Clara 'Valley alone in the last three 
years, in the one single item of apricot?, taking 
that as an illustration, will be produced in this 
valley alone in quantities that at present prices 
the markets of the world will not require and 
will not take. Of course the plantings all over 
the State have in many directions been equal 
to what they have been here, and while 1 do 
not believe that there is disaster ahead to the 
fruit growing interest, while I don't want to be 
a croaker in that direct on at all, I do believe 
and in fact know that the prices of green fruit 
must be materially lowered before the markets 
that are available will be able to take care of 
the ({uantitics that are going to be grown for us 
in the next two or three years. I do not think 
of any other points now that I have wanted to 
present, though I have perhaps left out some. 
I would say, however, that without desiring to 
occupy the time of the convention, if any of 
the growers here wish to put any questions 
with regard to the kinds wanted or any other 
information which we have been able to gather 
as cauners, we will be very glad to answer 
them. We are extremely anxious to pull with 
you, to work with you to the end that we may 
all of us serve to the best advantage the fruit 
interests of California. [Applause.] 
(To BE Continued). 

Answers to Poultry Questions. 

Editors Press: — No doubt the gentlemen 
whose inquiries respecting fowls appeared in 
the ' Qaory" column think it high time they 
should be answered. I have been quietly wait- 
itg to see who would do it, but as none seem 
capable, or, if so, willing, I will endeavor t) 
render the desired information: 

Wm. Moreton, Arroyo Grande, Cil., in the 
Press of O itober 28',h, is informed that the 
progeny of Pekiu ducks crossed on the common 
ducks, or any of the large standard varieties, 
except Muscovys, will breed just as well as the 

E. L. Hoppsll, Saratoga, Cal., asks about 
chickens seen at San Jose said to be Golden 
Pheasants and others called Poland Pheasants. 
This reminds me somewhat of the man who, 
about a year ago, on looking over my 
fowls, expressed surprise that I did 
not keep the Silver Star Spangled 
Banners. However, the San Jose chicken dealer 
has some little grounds for the names applied 
by him, as Golden Polands were many years 
ago called Golden Poeasants by the novice; 
Golden Spangled Hamburgs have also been eo 
called. The following will show what connec- 
tion the name "Pheasant" has with the varie- 
ties in question: Hamburgs, though supposed 
by many to be of Dutch origin, really origin- 
ated in Eagland, and are made up of four separ- 
ate breeds — namely, the Golden and Silver 
Mooneys, originating in Lancashire, named 
trom the moon-shaped spangles on their feath- 
ers, and the Golden and Silver Pheasants, 
named from their resemblance to the wild 
pheasant, and of Yorkshire origin. These 
breeds have been amalgamated — tie Golden 
Mooneys with the Golden Paeisants, and the 
Silver Mooneys with the Silver Pheasants — 
thns producing the two breeds of Spangled 
Hamburgs. — L. C. Byce, Petaluma, Cal. 

Progress in Oreoon. — A dispatch from 
Oregon on New Year's day states that the Ore- 
f/ontan prints a summary of the agriculture, 
manufactures and material progress of the year 
just closed. There were erected in Portland. 
East Portland and Albina during the year 642 
buildings, valued at .$2,970,000. Of these $219,- 
000 worth were erected in East Portland and 
1290,000 worth in Alhina. The wholesale trade 
of the city was $40.000 000, and the value of 
manufactured goods .'$7,700,000, in which 4 178 
bands were employed. Real estate transactions 
were $6,080,000. The value of imports into 
Columbia river was $23,000,000, of which 
$1,000,000 was from foreign ports. The exports 
trom Columbia river were $15 560,000. The 
principal items are as follows : Wnnat, $.),757,- 
OOO; Hour, $2,900,000; salmon, $3,035 000; wool, 
$1,395,000. ForeigQ exports were $9,09 4,000, 
and the domentic exports .$5,000 866. 

From Denver to Utah — I'rack on the Utah 
Extension of the Denver & R.o Grande railroad 
iii now laid to Grand Junction, Col., 50 Miles 
westward from the late terminus at Ddlta, and 
425 miles from Denver. The new terminus is 
only 37 miles from the Utah line. 

Three important test wells are nearly com- 
pleted in the Forest county, Pennsylvania, re- 
gion of the oil field, on which hinges the course 
of the petroleum market. 

RilRUMATlfcM, dlsnrdered blood, general debility and 
many chronic di-teases pronouuc*"! incurable, are often 
tu> .d b) Urowu s Iron Bitter*. 

A New Fire Extinguisher. 

We examined this week, at 409 California 
street, a new form of fire extinguisher present- 
ing several novel and improved featirffes which 
make it a very superior apparatus, overcoming 
the objections to the old forms. The extin- 
guisher, as the cut represent.", is a double tank 
made of galvanized iron or brass, each tank 
holding three gallons of water, and connected 
only by a fine brass double-acting, ball-valve 

The chemicals, which are called No. 1 and 
No. 2, are carried in separate boxes, one on 
each side, a charge in each box. The tanks are 
filled with clear water, and in case of fire the 
chemicals are put in, one package in each tank. 
The pump is worked with one hand and the 
hose directed on the fire with the other, the 
pump drawing from one side water charged 
with No. 1 and from the other charged from 
No. 2, the two coming together in the aii -cham- 
ber and bose, thus forming a powerful stream 
of water highly charged with carbonic acid gas, 
the great destroyer of fire. 

This machine is very simple indeed, and is 
durable because there are no chemicals to cor- 
rode the material of its construction. There is 
never any pressure in the tanks, and there is 
therefore no danger of their bursting. 

This machine can be tested at any time by 
simply taking a couple of strokes with the 
pump. Moreover the contents can be replen- 
ished in a moment when the charge is out; or 
water alone can be forced on to the embers 
when the chemical charge has been expended. 

There is no danger of a machine exploding on 
a man's back, as the chamber contains no gas, 
the gaa forming where the streams are brought 
togetberin the top of the pump. The apparatus 

is set on the ground, and the pump operated in 
that way, so that a very powerful stream can be 

A company has recently been formed to man- 
ufacture the apparatus. The machine is c tiled 
the "Climax Jire Extinguisher," and has been 

The uses of a handy tire extinguishing ap- 
paratus upon the farm are many. With it 
many incipient fires in barns and grain houses 
could be instantly quenched. In cheese fac- 
tories, fruit canneries, and all other agricul- 
tuial establisbmen^H where machinery is used 
the fire risk is couuiderable, and an extinguisher 
would save heavy losses in many cases. The 
danger of field and stack fires during our dry 
summer is proverbial, and whole neighborhoods 
are called out to labor with plows and sacks to 
check the spreading fire, when an extinguisher 
would have put a quietus upon it at once. Cer- 
tainly a device of the claims of the Climax 
should be thoroughly examined by those own- 
ing inflammable rural property. 

Some tests were recently made at the Mare 
Island navy yard by order of the Spcretary of 
the Navy, and Commodore Phelps, Command- 
ant, reports as follows: 

"In compliance «ith your order of October 10, 1882, 
direi tinx me to test und report upon the value ft a "fire 
extingaiiher" invented by A. F. Sp?iwn, I respectfully 
submit the following: 

"A. pile of light wood, tar barrels, etc., well sprinkled 
with refuse tar and pitch, about 8 (ect in diameter and 
hi)^ht, wxa li>;hted, and ■A'hen well on Are ihe atrcam from 
the cxliiijjuiiher waH brouehi in play. Wherever it 
struck the fire wag at once put out. 

"Oil the lOlh inst. another trial of the "< xtinguisher" 
(Bimilar in every lejpect to tho tlr9')waa made, with the 
Haiuu resuU BO far as it wag co iccined; and in competi- 
tion Willi a new Marlin's, recently churned fir the pur- 
puHc. and ^ho^vin^ on itH gau^e a presBure of 102 pounds, 
a^^ainst a Beparate fire of precisely ilie f-arae character, it 
bfiiiwed a decided Buperiority. Tne latter made no im- 
prcBBion whatever, and when exhausted the fire wua burn- 
inj;; »B fiercely us at the conimencenient. 

"The principal advantages of Spawn'd (not conBideriuf; 
the nature of the chemical) are that it is charged only 
when iieede l for actual use; is in immediate readinets, 
and can tie re-cliargisd as often kb rc(|uired without inter- 
fering with its action; that the charges being kept dry, 
do not deteri irate any more thin the spare odoh furniBlied 
fur the extinguishers (Marlin's) now in use; and that the 
apfiaratus itatlf, not being under tho cuniinual heavy 
preHBureof those now furnished, do not becomu useless 
hrough leaks." 

Leon G*mbetta, the most prominent French- 
man of the day, died on the 3 I ult. The phyei- 
cians who attended Gambetta state that his 
death was due to pjromia, caused bysuppresstd 
erysipelas. A clot ot blood formed in his heart 
and suffocated him. 

fAeiFie I^URAL f RESS. 

[January 0, 1883 

Lands for Sale and to Let. 


Good water, rich soil and magnificent view. 
High elevation, dry air, few fogs and norther?. 

No brush or ienoes on the land, which is es 
peoially adapted to the culture of the orange 
and raisin grape. 

Near to church, school, store and depot. 
Hotel open. Telephone Communication. 

Stage from San Bernardino Tuesdays, Thurs- 
days and Saturdays. 





Good Crops Hvnry Season 
Without Irrigation. 

Free by mail, specimen number of "Tht Vali/oruiaH Ileal 
Bslttte Ejcchiiiuj' und Mart," inllot teVMe information en 
climate, proiiuctiuns, etc. , of 


Addiess "Ej-changt A Mart." Santa Cruz, CaL 



Berkeley, Cal. 


It is not second to any school for younfc ladies in the 
State. The buildinif is new and perfect in its arrange- 
menta for health and comfort. The situation is admir- 
able. anJ commands a view of soa and mountain thut 1 
hive not found surpassed on the C'jntinent. - Jtec. R, L. 
Breck, D. D., in the Occident. 

Next Term will begrin Tliuraday, Jan. 11, '83 

For further information address: 

S. S. HABUON, Berkeley. Cal 
Or P. J. WICKSON, 414 Clay St.. S. F. 

W. E. Chamsbrlain, Jr. 

T. A. RoBi.seoN 


Paid In Installments, $75. 
tWSendi tor circuHrs. 

417 Kearny Street, San Francisco. 
The only liusiLess College on the Paciiic Cra.t iu which 
Text Books are furnished FKEE to .StuieuC«, 
IVSend tor OirouUra ^ 



E. A. SCOTT & CO., 

Proprietors for the Pacific, 

P. 0. Box 293, Sacramento, Cal. 

Hayes' Fire TrucK. 

^"Circulars Forwarded Free to any Addre88.,£V 

OiLis H. Orat. 

J AMIS Bavin. 

Attorneys and Ceunsellers-at-Law, 

580 Oallfomia St, SAN PBANOISOO. 





_^ o 



The ".\CMK" subjects the soil to the action of a Crusher and Leveler, and at the same time to the Cutting, 
Lifting, 1 uriiiiiK process of double rows of STEEL COULTERS, the peculiar shape and arrangement of which give 
Immense Cutting Power. The entire absence cf Spikes or Spring Teeth avoids pulling up rubbish. It is en>ecially 
adapted lo inverted sod, hard cluy and "slough land" where other Harrows utterly fail, and also works perfectly on 
light soil. 

XASH & BRO., Sole Mannfaoturers, 

Manu actory and Principal Offlee : 


SOLD IN CALIFORNIA BY: O. R. Adams & tton, San Gabriel; Oliver Holden, San Jose. John 
Tuohy,; Geo. bull \ (.0., can tiancisco. Sold in Utah, Montana aud Idaho by Geo. A. Lowe, Salt Lake City. 



4,000 IN USE. 

Single and Snlky Plows, Seed Sowers, Harrows, Etc. 


Berrv & Place Machine Gompanv, 

PARKS & LACY Proprietors. * 

No. 323 and 325 Market Street, 

Importers and Dealers in everj- Variety of 

San Francisco, Cal 


Stationary, Portable and Hoisting Engines and Boilers, 


Stkingle Mills, Emery Grinders and Emery Wheels, Gardner Oovemors, Leather 
and Rubber Belting and Packlner. together with a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies. 
tr Cataloguee and Price Lists furnished on application. 


One Piece Solid Steel. Send for Circular. 
J. A. ROEBLING'S SONS CO., 14 Drnmm Street. S. F. 


' An English Veterinary Surgeon and Chemiat, 
li'iw traveling In this country, says that most 
of the llnrtf and Cattle Powders sold here 
are worililess trash. He saj s that Sheridan s 
Condition Powders are absolutelv pure and 
Immeijscly valuable. Nothing on earth will make hens lav like Sheridan's Condition Powders. Dose, 1 teasp'ii- 
lUl to 1 pint food. Sold everywhere, or sent by mall for 8 letter-stumps. I. s Jwu>'5y.v <S Cw-, ISvsiw^, iUs» 


In Prices 

- BY 

Joe Poheim, 


No. 724 Market Street 

- ASD — 

a03 Montgomery Street. 

Suits formerly made to order $2i), R<'duced to S20. 
Suits formerly made to Order $30, K< dueed to 
Suits foimerly made to order ^1.'., Reduced to j.l.'i. 

By all means call and see JOE POHEIM before 
buying elsewhere. You will get a stj lish cut and 
the bebt wotknlan^hip. 

i9Spo<ial attention is called to a laree line just 
imported of Oreen, Olive. Blue, and all the latest 
colors of finest woolens that the market ever pro 

Perfect Fit Guaranteed 


724 Market Street 

- AMI - 

203 Montgomery St.f 


Improved Churn and Butter- Worker. 

Pat'd U. S., JulyO, 1S80. Pat'd Canada, Dec. 2, 1S80 

This CburD ia the most peif>ct machine of itsclsFS e\n 
made, the result of several Mars' study and experiment, 
oy a practical dair\man. Made extra bfavy cf the best 
material. T h ) only NoN-CORROSI VE METALLIC 
CHURN ever offered to the public. 

It took the Firtt Premium at the fitockton Fair, Nevada 
.State Fair and the California State Fair, lijSl, as a churn, 
and a I iploina as the best Hutter-Worker. For further 
particulars and circulars address the Inventor and Sole 
Patentee. QtO W. liRREMAN. 

Janesville, Cal., 

Or Jar. L. Haley, Janesv lie, Lassen Co., Cal., 
Benicia Airncultural Works, Benicia, Cal. 


Messrs Batchelor Wylie, 


and Agents for the 

Albion Seed Sower and Cu tivator, 

37 Market St., S. F. 


The best Shooting Oims for the price. Fine Stub Twist 
Barrels. Pistol Orip, Patent Fore-.-n<1 UtboundinK Ham- 
mers. «'lioke Kored like ihe Famous Parker 
4iUU. Eviry breech loader has a record of its abootmg. 
12-(JauKe. ii-i; lU gauge. 835; Muzilij Loaders, $15. .Send for 
Circular au I mention this paper. E. T. ALLEN, Sole 
Agent, Importer of rirsaima ana Spurting Goods, 416 Mar- 
ket Street. San Francisro. t!aL 

in EleganlScriptType 

on 50 I t-BuliruI Intpoi I'-d cliroi 
arJi, 10c. 14 plia. S >■ 20 l'r>rl b< 
dged cards witli Upped corners, 
laripe album coDtalDlng all tti 
mportcd bevel edca and ffa 
lllttali'ilrd pr. nih;ni ll«t* r 
Jlc CAKD WILLS. XiTlbtoi 


Common and Powi ered. 

T W. JACKSOir Ol CO.. 

304 CallforiilaStree', - - San PrancUco. 

This paper la printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charles Eneu Johnson & Co.. 609 
South lOth St.. Philadelphia. Branch Offl- 
ces— 47 Base St , New Yoili, and 40 La Salle 
St.. Chlcair^. Agent for the Pacific Coast— 
Joseph H. Doretr, B£9 Coaomerclal St -IS, P 

January 6, 1883.] 



Six lines or leas in this Directory at 60c. a line per month. 


WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, CaL Thorough- 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write for circular. 

Oakland Poultry Yards^ 

Cor. ITih and Castro Stp., Oaliland, Cal. 

Station, S. F. & N. P. R. R., Sonoma County. Wiltred 
Page, Manager. P. O. address, Petaluma, Cal. Short 
Horn Bulls and Cows, Spanish Merino Bucks and Ewes, 
for sale at reasonable figures. 

SYLVESTER SCOTT, Cloverdale, Sonoma Co., Cal., 
Breeder oi Recorded Thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle I 
and Spanish Merino Sheep. Jacks and Jennets lor sale | 
at reasonable figures. 

MRS. M. B. BRADLEY, San Jose, CaL Breeder of 
recorded thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle and Berk- 
shire hogs. A choice lot of young stocli for sale. 

BOBT. BECK, San Franusco. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Jersey cattle. Held took Six Premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881. 

GEO. BEMENT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co., CaL 
Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle. Several fine young Bulla, 
Yearlings and Calves For Sale. 

H. J. MBRKELEY, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of 
Percheron Mormau Horses ana Short Horn and Graded 

B. MCENESPY, Chico, Butte Co., CaL Breeder of | 
Thoroughbred Devons 


L. U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, Cal. Importer and 
Breeder of Spanish Merino Sheep. Durham Cattle, Red 
Duroc and Berkshire Swine. High Qraded Rams lor | 

B. W. WOOLSEY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal. Importers and Breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City office, No. 418 CaUfomia | 
St.. a. F. 

J . B. HOY T, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and Importer of Shropshire Sheep. Rams and Ewes 
for sale. Also cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 




Importer and Breeder of all the best known and most 

profitable varieties of Land and Water Fowls. 
Brabmas, Cocblns, Houdans, Langs'' ane. 
Leghorns, Folish Hamburgs. 
Bronze Turkeys, 
And the new fowl, AMERICAN SEBRIGHT or EUREKA. 



No. I, Capacity, 550 Eggs, Price. $90. 
No. 2, •' 250 •' '• 65. 

No. 3, " ISO " " 45. 

Guaranteed to hatch NINETY PER CENT, of all fertile 
eggs; 9,000 chickens successfully reared from two of these In- 
cubators last season. For further particulars send stamp 
for illustrated ourcular to «E«». B. BAlfl/EV, 

Box 1771, San Francisco. 

Baby Macliine in Operation. 


Thirty eggs capacity, S12; fiO eggs capacity. $20. Never yet 
exhibited without. cmniKtitiun. and always awardtd First 
Piemium; 1882 Silver Medal and Diulonia. State Fair, over 


1881 Sonoma and Marin District Fair, and 1882 First Pre- 
TTiium. Diploma and only Sp^cUtl awarded in the entire 
Fair, in competition with 

NATIONAL (Axfords) 
And others. Over 2,000 chicks hatched a* above fa 
Large mat bines, octagon evens, heat entering center; 240 
eggs, 8d0; ttO eggs, .476; G30 eggs, .$90; Ciicularfree. Address, 


THOS. WAITS, Brighton, Cal. Breeder and 
porter of pure bred poultry . Langahan eggs, $5.00 per 
dozen. Light Brahmas, Plymouth Rocks, Partridge 
Cochins, W. F. B. Spanish, Brown and While Leghorns, 
Spangled Hamburgs, Onlden Sebrights, Bantams, Tou- 
louse Geese and Pekin Ducks' eggs, $3.00 per dozen. 

O. J. ALtlEE, Santa Clara, Cal., Importer and Breed- 
er of Standard Poultry: American Sebrights, Ljingsbans, 
Plymouth Uocks and Brown Leghorns. Laiigahau eggt 
$4.00 per setting. Uther varieties, $3.00. Fow.s and 
Cnicks for sale. 

J N. LUND, cor. Webster and Booth Sts., Oakland, 
P. O Box 116, Breeder of Thoroughbred Poultry, Ply- 
mouth Rocks, Brown Leghorn^, Light Brahmas, Lang- 
shaus and B. B. R. Game Bantams. tS'E^gs and Dowlu 
for sale^ 


Santa Rosa, Cal. High-class Poultry. Eggs for hatch- 
ing. Langnhans, $3.50; Light Brahmas, $2 50; Brown 
Lenhorns. $2 per setting. 

MRS L. J. WA'lKiNS, San Jose, Cal. Pure bred, 
Faiicy Poullrt; White and brown Leghorns, Plymoth 
Uocks, Langshans and Hoadans. Eggs and Fowls. 

IMPROVED EGG POOD— Try it for Poultry; I 
1-tb box, 4Uc; 3 lbs, $1; lu lbs, $2 60; 25 lbs, $6 
B. F. WELLINGTON, 125 Washington St., S. F. 

MRS M. E. NEWHALL, San Jose, Cal. Bronzt 
Turkeys, Biown Leghorns, Langshans, Plymouth 
Rocks, Pekin Ducks. Fowls and Eggs in season. 


Unscrupulous persons, envious of the Fame and World- 
wide Reputation of 


Are by fraudulently imitating the style of packages even 
to forging the very trademark of the Imperial, endeavor- 
ing to put upon the market 

Worthless Stuff of No Value to Fowls, 

Under a name eo similar to the Imperial as to be easily 
I mistaken for it at first sight. We take this means of 
cautioning our uumerous customers akainst the fraud. 

The Imperial Egg Food is now uaeil in every part of the 
United States, and its sale on this coast is simply won- 
derful our order book showing that every customer con- 
tinues' to order, while every letter received 18 A testim - 
nial for the Imperial. In purchasing, see that you get 
THE IMPERIAL and none other, no matter how nearly 
1 similar in name and appearance. Send for Circula s and 
testimonials. , „ „ • , „ . 

Retail Prices of Imperial Bgg Food :-l Pound 
Packatre, 50 Cents; 2i Pound Package, $1.00; 6 Pound 
Box,|$2 00; 25 Pound Keg, $6.25. 
Sold by the trade generally, or address _ _ 

G. G. WICKSON, 319 Market St., S. F. 

J. M. 

No. 1011 Broadway, Oakland. Send for circular 

L. C. BYCE, Petaluma, Cal. Breeder of thoroughbred 
Poultry. Illustrated ciicular tree. 

We have for sale at our farm at Mountain View thor 


From our Thoroughbred Berkshu-e Boar and Sow, which w( 
Imported from England in 1880. Pigt from Imported Boai 
ind Sow $25 each. From Imported Boar and Thorouehbred 
Bow, $10 to $20. Our Imported Pigs are as nice Pigs u 
I there are in the State. Auuresa, I. J. Truman, a. U . 

I. Ii. DIAS, 

p. O Box 242. 




Of California, 


Authorized OapittJ, - $1,000,00 

In lO.OOO Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up In Gold Coin, $531,200. 

Rcaerve Pond and Paid ap Stock, 31, 178. 



A. D. LOGAN Vice-President 

ALBERT MONTPELLIER Caahler and Mauasec 



JOHN LEWELLINO. President Napa Co 


T. E. TYNAN Stanislaus Co 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara Oo 

J. C. MERYFIBLD Solano Oo 

H. M. LARUE Yolo Oo 

C. STEELE San Mateo Co 

THOS. McCONNELL Sacramento Oo 

O J. CRE88EY Merced Oo 


A. D. LOGAN OoluB* Oo 

OITRRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and oond'uoted in the 
usual way, bank books balanced up and statements of ao- 
counts rendered every month 

LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 

COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 
promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 

GOLD and SILVER deposits receiveu 

CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on 

TERM DEPOSITS are rec<:lved and Interest aUowed ai 
follows: 4% per annum if left for 6 months; 5% per annum if 
left for 12 months. 

BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 
and sold. 


Cashier and Managrer. 

San Francisco, Jan. 16, 1882. 

My Berkshires are Thoroughbred, and selected with 
great care from the best herds of imported stock in the- 
ijnited States and Canada, and for individual merit cane 
not be excelled. My breeding stock are recorded in the 
"American Berkshire Record," where none but pure bred 
Hogs are admitted. Pigs sold at reasonable rates. Coi 
respondence solicited. 

18th and A Streets, Sacramento City, Cal. 

"California Chief" 



I have for sale all the leadini 
1 arietiCEO t Pure-bred Poultry 
Single Birds, P*irs, Trios, or 
Breeding Yards. At btate Fair, 
September, ISS'2, on Seven va. 
rietiea enterel I took First Pre- 
mium on Plymouth Kocki, 
Pirst on Langshans, First on 
black Leifhorns, Fi at on Pekin 
liucks, First on Rouen Ducks, 
First on Bronze Turkeys .Srec- 
iilPremi im on Langahan Chi .1- 
eus. Special on Bl'ck Leghorn 
chickens, and Special on L'ght 
Brahma Cnickens. 
i IS well known all over the coast, a-d needs 
no praise, as it speaks for itself. Send ihret-CHit jtaaip 

My hCv 

tor circular and price list. 

R. G. HEAD, 

Napa, Cal. 


JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hoga are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 

TYLER BEACH, San Jose. Cal. Breeder of thor- 
oughbred Berkshires of stock imported by Gov. Stanford 


Big Hedge Poultry Yards. 



Hogs & Cattle. 


Thoroughbred _ 

Spanish l^erincl' 


First Premium Flock for Four Years. Two hundred 
head for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit custo- 
mers. £9r Orders promptly filled! 


Address, E. W. PEET, Manager, Haywards, Alameda 
Co., Cal. Box 1164 


20 Houdang, 
20 Langshans, 
50 Brown Leghorns, 
50 White Leghorns, 

25 Black Spanish, 
60 Buff Cochins, 
100 Plymouth Rocks, 
25 Golden Polands. 

For fur' her particulars address as above. 

Of Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and prices on application to 

Baden Station - - San Mateo Co. 

Langshans, Brahmas, Cochins, Leg-^ 
I horns, Houdans. Plymouth Rocks, W. 
i F Black Spanish, Guinea Fowls. Aylesbury, Rouen 
and Pekin Docks. Bronze and White Holland Torkbys. 
Peacocks, Etc. Also, Eggs for Hatching. 
Dish-Faced Berkshire Pigs, Poland China 
Pigs, Jeraey Cattle, etc 


I New Edition, over 100 pages. Handsomely Illustrated 
Price by mail, 50 cents. 
Stock or Eggs for Hatching guaranteed true to name, 
I and to arrive safely. For further information please 
write enclosing stamp. Circular and price list sent on 
I application. Address ^^^LIAM NILES. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


For Hatching 

Fromlas fine Thoroughbred Poultry as was ever brought I 
to the Pacific Coafct. Large Illustrated Cir. 
cular Free. Send for it. 

L. C. BYCF, 
P. O. Box 71. Petaluma, Sonoma Co , Cal 1 


Bre iler of High Class 

Langshans, Blick Cochins, White and 
Brown Lei:borns, Pekin Ducks 
and 'i oulouse Geese. 
My s'lock is all firsl-chss, and are 
mated to secure the bebt results. Eggs 
and fowls for sale at very low prices. 
Send slamp for Circular. 


Napa Ciiy, Napa Co., Cal 

To Fig h R aisers. 

1 un now ready to sell Carp which were Imported by mo I 
bom aermuv in Ull in loU to suit. Addren 
mm wxiumuM * J. A. POPPB, Sononui, 0»1. 


Blanding Avenue, bet. Everett and Broadway, 

Importer and Breeder of Thoroughbred Fowls. L^ 
shans (Croad Strain) American Sebriehts, Plyroouih 
Rjcks, Brown and White Lethorns. tggs for hatching. 

A. H. SMITH. CHAS. W. SM 1 PH, Manager 

Address: Brooklyn, Alameda Co., Cal 


SpiiBNDiD! 50 Latest Style chromo cards, name, 10c. 
mium with 3 packs. E. H. Pardee, New Haven, Ct. 

Patenfed July 25, IsH^. 

This Machine was Awarded 
And is pronounced by all farmers that have examined 
same to be THE best. Send for circular and prices. 

BRUSH & CO., Agents 
409 California St., - - San Francisco. 


flret-clas?, three-fourths Norman Fer 
CLeronbtall on. 

Addres , 


Watsonville, - - California. 




Free from Poison. Prepared 
by the Italian Government 
Co. Cures thoroughly the 


The BI«T anil CH EAPF.HT 
remedy known. Reliable testi- 
moniils at our oHice. 

For particulars apply to 
CHAS. DUISENBERG <i CO., Sole Agents, 314 .Sacramento 
Street. San Franr.i«nn 


Price Reduced 

Twenty gallons o' fluid 
mixed with cold water will 
jtjii? make 1,200 gallons Dip. 
w'i Apply to FALKNER, 
BULL & >:o., San Franci c 


For hatching chickens. Self-regulatlnit, durab'e, practical 
aid eas ly ui.derstciod. Tltii (.< a Tuit. hut a Prai-iica 
Manu/uetiiriiui Miirliine. Can iiic HTN in anv Tkmpki-.a 
TURK AS Hanciers, Amateur* Hiid others fire ready to use 
a good re.iablo, Sell-ie;ii ating Iiiciilmtor, that<an bo pro 
ciirfd chiap we now . If-r one that holds 150 eggs. 
The Baliy PrtfC. ItS'lH. ilTHend fc r Circular. 

J P. CLARK, Sole Agent for the P,iciflc Coist, 
030 Howard 1 1 . San Francisco. 

Dana's Whito Melallio Ivir Marking Label, Htampcd 
to order with name, or name niid uddresa and num- 
bers. It is reliable, cheap and convenient. Sells at 
eight and gives perfect sutisfaelion. Illustrated 
I'rlce.Llst and tiampli i" irce. Agents wanted. 

C. U. HATHA, yfeat Lebanon, N. H. 



From $20 up. Send 
for desciiplive price list. 

Thoroughbred Poultry 
aud Eggs. 
1011 Broadway, 
Oakland, Cal. 




Beat in the World! I.;itLai Iiiipiovements. Powerful. 

Warranted one year. ■mt^iin 

Guaranteed cured in <10 to UO 

.diysby Dr Pierce's Method, 
iiuiiini i"i i,ovemher, with full narticulars, 
Haoiamento St.. San Franiaco. Ca'. 

Warranted one year. 


i5r"Pierce'a .louriial" for Noi 

On 60 1iir»r CARDS. Ileiii.m. 
nnr,., S|.nllro|.n(, llnnd ll<n|ii.-t, *f. 
MV,; lOc, 14 vl<.. »1. rU u.cwn'l 
Or. fur Allium of 100 f-nmplpii anil ll»l of 
2(«),.1i nnnt prfinluninnndAtduCfiiPnceiiJf. 

•20 line uiuBi't^ei Edge tar(i»,tiirneil «irner,lUc. 

^(tf'ni^ maWv 50° per fenl. Wp offpr the l«r»f«t linf of CarJ. 
Iho lio.t I'r,.mlums anil th, low|..t prlnn. We 1111 nil orilcr. 

•■ - ■• Amateur Prlnlonnuu- 

promptly nnil (lui 
pllcil xllli I'Innk 

ril» nt i.liolp»nli- prlee.. Ki.tnlill»hnl 1810 
NOKTIIKOUD lAIlD W0KK8, Sortbforil. Conn. 

Muller's Optical Depot, 

185 Montgomery St., near Bush. 

The most complicated cases of defect 
Ive vision thoroughly diagnosed, free ol 
charge. Orders by mall or expien 
promptly attended to. 

Compound Astigmatic Lenses Mounted to 
Order. Two Hours Notice. 


fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 

[January 6, 1883 

The Two-Pound Roll of Butter. 

Editoks Press:— I recall, from the pages of 
a Greek Delectus, a fable of the time when the 
frog world, torn by anarchy, petitioned Jupiter 
for a King. The Thunrfeier, in ccnt;mpt, 
threw them down a log. Under ita <inieecent 
rule frogdom fattened and H )urished, and, of 
oourBe, rebelled. Government let them too se- 
verely alone, and in their proBperous freedom 
they once more approached O ympus, praying 
for some more potent, awe-inspiiing ruler. Ju- 
piter, angrily indignai t dispatches a stork to 
Tule these discontented fro^s, whose new mon- 
arch's rtauisitions to auppart the proper kingly 
dignity so depnpulatt'd the pond aa to threaten 
the extinction ot his eulj'Ote. 

King Log is my pattern ruler. The function 
of government is to let a man alone as much 
as possible. It seems to me that UgiMation is 
getting rather overdone. Public opmion is a 
more potent and less cumbrous agent; and, if 
legislation is not backed by public opinion, 
legislation scon becomes a dead letter. 

The Dairymen's Convention invokes legisla- 
tive aid to make the reputed two-pound roll of 
butter an exact two pounds. Such aid appears 
to me uncalled for. 

The retailer of butter is not the only per- 
son who sells by "reputed" weight or measure. 
Spirituous I quors of mott kinds are sold either 
by "standara" or "reputed" measure. 

The "reputed" quart bottle holds but four- 
fifths of an "imperiaV' or "standard" quart. 
There is, or need be, no deception. Persons who 
wish can buy by the gallon. Yeast powder 
spices, etc., are also sold m reputed weight and 
full-weight packages. ^ ^ a 

So long as the public know that two-pound 
rolls are merely two- pound rolls by repute or 
trade custom, they know exactly what to ex- 
pect, and have the remedy in their own hands, 
if they will insist on the retailer selling them 
butter by standard weight, as he buys it, and 
not by repute. T he public should be able to 
care tor themselves in so simple a matter with- 
out increasing the already too bulky statute 

The dairyman must keep whittling his molds 
every churning to make an exact two- pound roll. 
My commission merchants wrote me to cut my 
mold down, so 1 complied with their instrnc 
tion?, thinking that the retailer and consumer 
could each look after their own intereaijs, and I 
think 60 still. We seem disposed to measure 
a man's ability in politics by tne number of new 
measures he initiates in either House, so that a 
perpetual tinkering and cobbling in legislation 
results. It necessarily follows that law, in- 
stead of being a science, is a quibble. Givfl us 
a real 1 Edw. Beewick. 

Carmel Valley, Dec. 28, 1882. 

Over 180,000 Howe Scales Sjld— Hawley 
Bros.' Hardware Co., General Agents, San 

Pacific Coast Weather for the Week. 

IFumi8h«d for publication in the Press by Nelson Gobom, 
Sgrijt. Signal Service Corns, U. 8. A.] 
The following is a summary of the rainfall for 
each day of the week ending 11 :58 a.m. Wednee 
day, Jan. 3 for the stations named: 


S -3 1^ ^- C* 

<C 'T C SB 3- 



o .bo o o b 

o o o c o 


b b b b b b b 
o e o o M 



o o o o o o to 

M O & O O O- O 

Rosebure ' 


Cape ' 
Mendocino. | 


S o o o o 

Red Bluff ' 


b cn bo b b b b 
o o o o o w 


O O M 1 O O >— 
O — K> 1 <= ^ 



gg •'! §§§ 


19 11 

b "y» • b b b b 
c; V o o o o 

Angeles, j 

•S •gggs! 8»n Diego | 


Winnemucoa. j 


■| SS'l SS§ 

1 Pioche. 


1 Sgeg 1 1 § 

1 ' Salt Lake. 

*Keii(>rrK mihgine. 

ifroD. the ofiljial list of U. 8. Patent. In Dkwbt * Co„h 
SoiEHTiFio Pksi'H Patbnt A.OKNOT, Sfil Muket St.. 8. t. 

For Tim Wrkk Esdixo Dfckmbsr 19, 1882. 
26U 3«« — Clsat-Jos. C. EnsiRn. Po-tland, Ojtn. 
2ii9,401.— Foot fowKB Mecuasism— A. F. Fisher, Chico, 
Cal ' 

209 2S0 — Co>CRSiE Arch fob Sidewalks, etc.— George 
Go •cimai, 8. F. „ „ , , „ 

2(;9 21)2 -IL'-^UMISATINO Babembkts— P. H. . Jackson. 
San Kranci?co. . „ ,. . j />„i 

2C9 •'91.— Treadle Power— John B. Kerr, Amador, cai. 

.. r,,6 —Watkr-Kaisino UaviCE— Chis. K. Kirby, S. t 

•ZG'.KbOi -Filter Attach me.nt for Coffee Pots— H b. 

''^iCirsos -Boiler- J. P.. Mitchell & F. -\. Fischer, S. F. 
2C9.4W.— Balascbd Steam Valve— James OUonncIl, 

San Francisco. 
20^ 327 -tiiiRT-M Palberg, S. F. , a v 

2(i9 48 « — ARTIFICIAL HOH uoN -Thomas Tennent, H r 
2«9j364 — WAtiiiNO MACiiiNE-John D. Winter*, Uavib- 

vil C KJh I - • 

269,494!- Harrow Frame- James H. Winn, Benicia, 

NOTB - -Copies Of U. S. and Foreign Patents fundshed 
b' Deh-et Co. in the shortest time possible (by tolc- 
<raph or otherwise) at U.t lowest rates. All patent bua'- 
aass for Pacific ccasl Inventors transacted with perfect 
•(.•Murliv and in the shortest possible time. 

Apprentice Wanted. 
Wanted, a well-recommended, able and steadfast boy, 
of fair education and good intellect, to thoroughly learn 
the printing business. Soue other need apply. Addres 
this office. 

List of U. S. 

Patents for Paolflo 


JS.H* Market 'J^EroHJ 

Note— Our quotations are for Wedneedar. not Batoiday 
the date which the paper bears. 

"Can Hardly Realize the Good It has Dene" 

A lady whose general health had b^c^ime seriously 
affected was induced to Uie Compound Oxygen. In 
writing ot the result she eay8: "U his relieved me from 
adislrt'sscd feelinit ba;k of iny eycB, from which I could 
ifet no relief; nasal catarrh better Improvement iirad 
ual; BO much bo can hardly realize the good it his dniie 
till I note mv condition before Inking it" Our TreaTine 
on Compound Oxykfen, its iiature. acti >n and rur-ults, 
with reports o( taaes and full inf irmation, sent tree. 
I)RS. Starkbv & Palbn, Ilea and 1111 Girard Street, 
Pbiladelphii, Pa. 

All orders for the Compound Oxygtn Home Treatment 
directed to H. E. Mathews. UOU Montgomery St , San 
Franci<(0, »iil he filltd on the same tcrina aa if sent di- 
rectly to us in Philadcli hia. 

Careful M.mlinc;. — We take all possible care to mail 
our papefj prompt and correct, and we seldom hear of com- 
plaints in its po^uil delivery; yet we would thank any sub- 
scriber, who may happen to miss a copy, to send us at once 
a postal card, givmg full address and the date of the num* 
btr mitied, and we will rcinail them. 

Weekly Market Review. 


Sab Frahoisoo, Wednesday, Jan. 3, 18J3 
There has been another light week in commercial eit 
cles. The usual reckonings at the close of the year have 
engrossed the altentit n, the New Year's holiday and the 
i;reat storm have acted as diversions, and the latter has 
interfjred with the receipt of the usual advices from re 
mote market centers. It is, in fact, rather an "off" set- 
son of the year, and little more than ''hand to month 
tradiuii is accomplished. 

Tlc latest from abr. ad on the Wheat questiou is the 

Liverpool, Jan. 2 -The Spot market is quiet and 
aleadv KtSi 1U@9| 2J Cargoes are dull and lower, at 
4.')8 for just ehippod, and 4D) 01 for nearly due and off 
coist. Keceipta.if Wheat the past three days, 451,000 
itis, including 3S>J.00o American. 

FrelKhte and Obai-iera. 

The Ship CnrnV Clark, 1,292 tons, is chartered for 
Wheit to U K. or Conii oent, £1 17s Od; Br. ship Par- 
tlieiUa, l,3bl tons, Liverpool. Hivra or Antwerp direct, 
tl 12a 61; Fr. bark Duenvs Ayrcs, 0*9 tons, R. R. ties 
to Mexico. 

Eastern Wool Markets. 

Nrw York, Jan. 2 — The only salea of California pro- 
ducts to note are small lots of Spring Wool at eai 

'"bostos, Jan. 2 — The demand for Wool continues steady 
and price' unchanged, with very Utile presjure to huv or 
sell Ohio and Pennsylvania fleeces have sold at SSi'JlOc 
for .\ 40ji424 fur -\X XXX and ahave, and 4 ii^45j 
for clioice »el. ction-. In Michigan and Wiecons n (i :ecej 
• a'es have been at :i7i:i-;!3c for X; Delaine rteeces steady at 
42(<i45-- for Fine UcLiiuc and 4(;((f4S; f r Fine and o. 1 
Combings. Unwashed WooU in lair demand, and sold at 
17'.a2.>c; Low and Coarsa, 23.a30u; Fine and Medium, wi i 
choice selections, still higher. C^lifornns have b.jdn i|Li-t 
since the large wles of last week. Pulled WooU are in 
quiet demand at •2j*!J40c for Low and Uood Supers. For 
eign WooU quiet. 

Eastern Oraln and Provision Markets. 

CmcAOO. Jan 2.— Closin? quotations: Wh^at weak and 
eaey regular. 9;]c. Corn, weak and eify; 49J@5, cash; J, 
Ja.iuarv; 1. Febi uary. Pork, weak ana lower; <173 cash; 
S17.05 b d. Fet)ru»ry. Lard weaker and lower; »10.1.A 
cash; 32j, Februaiy. 

BAOS-Thc usual Big review of the year may be ex- 
pected next week. 

BARLEY— Barley is dull ani little is done. A sale of 
Feed at 1.231 per ctl was the extent of to-day's transac- 
tions on 'Change. 

BEANS— Beans are quiet and unchanged. 

CORN— Corn is selling slowly, at a much lower range 
than quoted last week 

DAIRY PRODUCE— Butter arrivals are again large, 
and values have shaded off about Ic per. pound all 
arouud. Large amounts are being sol 1 very low, and 
Pickled Roll and Firkin are sacrificed at 20 to 23c. 
Cheese is higher and in demand. 

EGOS— California Eggs are quiet at a reduction of 2c 
per dozen from last week's rates. 

FEED— There is no change either in Hay or ground 

FRUIT— Some fine California Oranges are now arriving, 
and selling up to %Si per box, with some higher figures 
for choice varieties to a fiucy trade. Other fruits are 

FRESH MEAT— The Meat list is wholly without change 
this week. 

HOPS- Hopsare quiet and nominally from 70 to 90c 
per pound. 

OAT^i— Receipts go into store and sales are few. Prices 
are unchanged. 
ONIONS— Oi. ions aie unchanged. 

POTATOES— 1 here is little fluctuation thii week, and 
that is on inside figures, where lots, not quite up to the 
standard, are sold at a concession. 

PROVISIONS— There is no change. 

POULTY AND GAME— The cessation of the holiday 
demand has dropped Turkeys to old pricas, say 15 to 17 c. 
Hens, Roo'tern and Djcks are still high. Game is high, 
ovtiiig to the inclement weather ani the restriction of 
hunting operations. 

VEGETABLES— Marrowfat Squash has dropped back to 
5(J(<iS per ton. 

« 1IL:aT— Prices are held here although the markets 
ab oad are reported dull. There is little being done at 

WOOL— The annual Wool trade review for the year 
may be expected next week. 




In 1-lb. and 5-lb. Cans. 
WAKELEE & CO.. Chemists. 

Occidental Hotel. 8. F. 

Domestio Prodnoe. 


WEDNE.SDAT M.. .Tan. 3, 18S3 

BEAMS A PEAS. UrazU 10 ^ 1 

Bayo. ctl 3 75 ^4 00 ' Pecans 14 S 1 

Butter. 3 OJ @3 30 Peanuts 7i 

Castor 3 60 (84 00 

Pen 3 20 @3 30 

Red 2 90 C«3 1" 

Pink a 90 &3 10 

Large White. 2 75 @3 UO 

3maU White 3 20 (a3 30 

Lima 3 76 (44 00 

Field Peas,bTkeye3 00 «3 DO 
do. green.. 5 CO @6 00 

Southern 3 ^ 3! 

Northern 4(0} 


California 4 ^ 

German f>\® 

UAIKVPKOniCK.ETt'., do, Oregon 

FUberts. 14 ^ 16 


Red m ~ 

SUverskln. 60 g 130 


Bwly Rose 80 @1 00 

Petaluma, otl 75 91 00 

Tomalea 75 @1 00 

Humboldt 75 ll 00 

'■ Kidney - @ — 

" Peachblow.. — @ — 

6 ; Jersey Blue — w — 

Cuffey Co-e 1 12 (gl l!" 

4tl River, red 65 ^ 75 

7 ; Chile. 

15 @ 

35 (3 

, Peerless . 

2H '-Jweet .... 



2Ji Hens, doz 7 CO 50 

ftooeters CO 08 50 

Broilers 00 <s6 50 

Ducks, tame, foz.l (0@ll 00 
do, Mallard ...3 50 jr4 51 

do. Teal 1 25 (al 75 

do Sprig 2 25 @2 50 

Oees«, pair I 75 (g l 25 

Wild Gray, doz 3 00 (^3 50 

White do 60 «1 00 

Turkeys. 14 @ 10 

■ ~ 17 


Cal. Fresh Roll. lb. 24 @ 

do Fancy Brands. 28 (<t 

Pickle Roll 22Ja 

Firkin, new 2o (jt 

Eastern 20 (S 

New York — i& 


Che>e«e, 0»1., U)... 14(8 

do boxed — 


Cal. Freeh, doz. . . 



Eastern, by expr'sa 
Picklod here 

Utah 42i(a do. Dressed 

FEED. Turkey Feathers, 

Bran, ton 16 OO ^517 00 lail and wing. Hi. 

Com Meal (a?37 00 Snipe, Eng 

Hay 13 00 (.oil 7 50 do. Common 

MiddUugs 2) 00 ®28 00 Icjuail, doz 1 l2.Sfl 3;j 

Oil Cake Meal.. (g32 60 Rabbits 1 60 (eel 73 

Straw, bale — 60 ® 75 iHare 2 OO («2 36 

General MerchaJidise. 


Extra, City MilU..3 t;';ia5 70 
do, Co'ntry MillB.4 76 IJIS 25 

do, Oregon 4 75 CftS 12i 

do, Walla Walla. 4 50 ca5 00 

Superfine 4 76«5 25 

Beef, Ist qual'y,Ib 9 @ 

Seeond li'i 

Third 5; 

Wutton 5 

Spring Lamb 7 @ 7a 

Pork, undressed.. ! 33 7 

Dressed 91^ 94 

Veal 7ii"« 81 

Milk Calves — @ « 

do, choice.... fJS 10 

Birtey, feed. ctl..l i2iai 25 

Venison 8 


Cal. Bacon, 

h .avy. lb 15 <a 

Medium 15 

Light lOJ^ 

Lard 15 (g, 

Cal. Smoked Beef. 


Hams, L!al 

do. Eastern — 

do Chile 

Canary 6{ 

Clover. Bed U 

White 46 

Cotton — 

Flaxseed 2! 

l«4<g 15 

Hi lOJ 

16 g 17 

lejQ 21 

\\V4 14 

Brewing. .1 3 . .ol 40 iHemp 4} 


Chevalier 1 30 C<ri 40 

Buckwheat 2 9J m - 

Corn, White 1 B5 SI 70 

Yellow I 47Jat 62J 

Small Round.... — .ffl 72J 

Oats 1 70 C<»l 8> 

Milling 1 85 ei 90 

Rye.... 1 75 ®1 90 

Wheat, No. 1 1 7'. @1 761 

do, No. 2 1 70 <*1 74 

do No. 3 150 Ml 55 

Choice MilUng.. - @1 78 
HIDES. _ „ 

Rides, dry 19 @ M 

Wet salted U 


Beeswax. lb » @ 25 

Honey in comb. . . " @ 
Extracted, light.. 10 @ 
do. dark . . 6 @ 

Oregon 81 @ 

CaUfomli., 80 @ 

Wash. Ter 80 @ 

Old Hops......... — m 


Walnuts, CaL 10 ® 

do, Chile... 7i@ 
Almonds, hdshl lb i <A 
Soft shell 16 

Italian Rye Grass.. 

Perennial zo (a — 

Millet, (icrman.... 10 @ IS 

do. Common... 7 @ 10 

Mustard, White... 11@ li 

Brown @ 3 

Rape 2JW 3 

Ky Blue Oraaa. .... 20 (3 25 

2di|uality 16 @ IS 

Sweet V Grass — @ 75 

Orchard 20 (<« 251 

Red Top — @ 16 

Uungaiian 8 @ 10 

Lawn SO @ 40 

Meaquit 10 @ 121 

Timothy 8 ® 11 


18 Crude, tt. Si® 8} 

11 Refined IU(g 121 

9 WOOL. ETC'. 

95 San Joaquin and 

95 : Coast 8 @ 12 

95 I San Joa^iufn and 

. .-I Coast Lanit), good 11 (» 12 

Nnrlhern, frte 15 ft? 20 

12 Nurlhern defective 11 @ 15 
8 Nor'hem Lamb... IS (» 20 

10 Fiee Mountain. .. 11 15 

Signal Service Meteorological Report 

San Fkancisoo.- Week ending Jac. 2, 1183. 


Dec 2 Dec 28 Dec. 2J' Dec. 30 Dec 31, Jan. 1, Jan. 2 

3J3U 30.26^ 30.V69 : 30 166| 30.103j 2.T9I71 
30:i47 30.09/ 30.16jl 30.071. 2:.38o! 29.7471 



5'. 5 


51 1 43 1 42 1 
44.5 1 42 i 34 5 1 

4.i ] 
39.5 1 



1 72.7 

1 73.7 1 61.3 1 65.0 1 


85.7 1 



1 w 




1 w 



127 1 237 1 390 I 

■29ii 1 


Fair 1 



1 C.eir 1 Clear ; Cloudy I 

Cloudy 1 Clear 



I .14 I .to I .00 I. .76 1^.57 1 

.00 rain uuriiut thu seaonn from .Tniv 1 1K92. 9.68 Inobes. 


Rough @18 

Su faced 24 00 C<r3) 

Floor and btep. . @27 


Merchantaldo . .-' - @22 

Surfaced. No. 1 . (037 

TouguciGrooveSO 00 l«37 

Pickets, rough.. ^^20 

do, fancy.. 530 

do, square.. ®17 


Wkdnf.sday m., Jan 3, 


'Posts, each — 16 

CO Pine. 

(10 ' CARGOES. 

50 Rough 

Surfaced 21 OO 


50 Rough 

60 Flooring 33 60 

00 Floor and step.. 35 00 

00 Laths 


2 50 
(8- 174 

@18 00 
(^28 00 

@22 50 
(a35 00 
(?37 50 
(ft 3 7S 


Wednesday m.. Jan. 3, 1883. 


Crystol Wax 16 @18 

Paralflne 20 @— 

Patent Sperm 25 -28 

(-A\NKU tiOODS. 
Assrtd Pie Fruits. 

2* tbcans 2 25 

Table do 3 5C - 

Jams and Jellies. 3 75 (i? — 
Pickles, hf gal....3 250 — 
Sardines, iir box. . 1 67 # — 

Hf Boxes 2 60i@l 90 

Merry. Faull ft Co.s 
Pneserved Beef 

2Ib, doz 3 28 @3 - , 

do 4 lb doz 6 50 (g6 — I 

Preserved Mutton 

1 lb, doz 3 26 03 50 

Beef Tongue 6 75 (86 00 

Preserved Ham, 

2tb. doz 5 50 (95 60 

Deiiled Ham, 1 lb. 

doz 3 00 ^3 60 

doHamiIbdoz2 60 (^ — 
Boneless Pigs Feet 

3tt« 3 60 m 76 

2 lbs 2 75 (se - 

Spiced Fillets 2 IbsS 50 Cs - 
Head Chee8e3tt>8.3 60 (f? - 

AoBtralian. ton. — (g 8 60 

Coos Bay — g 6 (0 

Bellingham Bay 


Cumberland. . . . 

Mt Diablo — ® — 

Lehigh ~ s -~ 

Livemool — @ — 

West "Hartley.. — (g 9 60 

Scotch — @ 8 80 

Soranton — (ff — 

Vancouver Id. .. —(4 — 

Wellington - 8 50 

Charcoal, sack. . — @ — 

Coke, bush — (ff — 

Sandwich Id tti. — @ - 

OoeU Rica i2 @ 14 

Guatemala 12 ^ 14 

Java 18 (<* 20 

Manilla 15 O - 

Groimd, in cs. .. —@ 22) 

Sac'toDryCod. @ — ' 

do in cases.. @ — 7j 

Eastern Cod...— 7 » — 7i 
Salmon, bbls... 7 00 (3 7 SO 

Hf bbU 3 50 © 4 00 

1 tbcans 1 12J@ 1 22J 

PkldCod, bbls. 

Hf bbls m 

Mackerel. No. 1 

Hf bbls 8 50 ^ 9 00 

In Kits 1 65 (^ 1 70 

Ex Mess 3 00 (^ 3 25 

Pickled Herring. 

box 3 OO (a 3 60 

Boston Smoked 

Herrhig 65 (S — 70 

LI.nE, etc. 
Plaster. Colden 

(iateMilU.... 3 00 (^ 3 25 
Land Plaster. 

ton 10 00 @ 12 50 

Lime, Snta Cruz 

bbL 1 25 (8 1 M 

^ 6 60 
|13 00 

Oment, Rosen- 
dale 1 75 (» 2 00 

FortUnd 3 75 @ 4 00 

Assrtd sizes, keK.3 75 (g 4 00 

Pacific Glue Go's 
Neatsfoot,No.l.l 00 @\ 

Castor, No. 1 — Wl 

do, No. 2 - @ 

Baker's A A — (al 

Olive. Plagnoil...S 25 (jz« 

Possel 4 75 C*5 

Pahn, » 9 (f 

Linseed, Raw, bbl — # 

BoUed — @ 

Cocoauut 60 @ 

China nut, OS 68 (a 

'Sperm 1 40 ffl 

Coast Whales. 35 & 

Polar — m 

iLard — @1 

[Petroleum 1110°).. 18 (^ 
iPetroleum (l.'O*).. 28 @ 

Pure White Lead. 7i@ 

IWhiting ll@ 

IHitty 4 at 


; Paris White 21^ 

Ocbie 3i@ 

{Venetian Red 31^ 

Areril mUd Paint 


hiteft'nDts..2 00 @2 
Green, Blue and 

Cb Yellow 3 00 («e3 

Light Red 3 00 @3 

MetaUic Roof ..1 30 «<1 
China Mixed. It. . 4i@ 

Hawaiian 4i(^ 

Cal. Bay, ton... 14 00 (822 

Common 6 50 IgU 

Carmen Id 14 00 ^22 

Liverpool tine... 14 00 ^ 

Castile. lb V 

Common brands.. 4l@ 
Fancy Brands.... 7 (d 

Cloves, lb 371« 

Cassia 19 (^ 

Nutmegs 85 @ 

Pepper Grain 15 ^ 

Pimento 16 @ 

MusUrd, Cal 1 lb 

Glass — @1 


Cal. Cnbe lb — @ 

Powdered — tw 

Fine Crushed. .... 


Golden C 

Cal Syrup, kgs — 
Hawaiian Mol'saes 
Yotmg Hyson. 

Moytme, etc.... 
Country pkd Gun- 
powder 4i Im- 
perial 35 @ 

Hyson 30 " 

Fcoo-ChowO 271 

Japan, medium... 3S 

- m 

- w 

66 (^ 
25 @ 

40 @ 66 

Fnlts and Vegetables. 


Apples, bi - 35 @ 1 25 

Bananas, buch,. 2 50 @ 3 SO 
Coooanute. 100.. 6 U'j m 500 

Crabapples, bsk. (g- SO 

Cranberries. bbL 16 OO (.416 00 

Grape* bx - 60 (8 ICO 

Limee, Mex.... 5 OO (g 6 60 
do. Cal, box..- 75 (a 3 50 
Lemons, Cal, bx 2 50 «< 3 00 
KIcUy, box.... 7 00 ;<* 8 00 

Australian (g— — 

Oranges. Cal. bx.2 50 W h 03 
do, Tahiti M 36 00 l&il 6U 
do, Mexican. 25 \.0v^3ii oO 

do, Lorelo... ^ 

Pears, bsk 1 00 (^ 1 25 

Pineapples, doz 6 00 (« 7 00 

Plums - 40 (g- 60 

(Juiucee, bsk (g 

do, box....— 75 @ 1 25 

Prunes - liO (S- 76 

StrawbVs,ohst. . 6 00 (O 7 00 
Wafrmel'n8.lOO. 5 (JO to?10 0(/ 

Apples, eUoeU, lb- 6 (*- 61 
Qo, evaporated.— 1 J @ — 12 
• — 4 «»— 6 


WKI>^ESDAY M.. Jan. 3, 1813 
Figs, pressed....- 1 <g— 8 

do, loose — 6 W — 

Neotarlnes. — 11 @— 13 

Peaches — 8 C*— 9 

do pared — 16 (cb — 20 

Pears. sUoml....— 8 (^ 9 

do whole — 6 W— 7 

Plums — 5 m— 6 

Pitted - 10 «- 11* 

Prunes — 10 (W— l:| 

Raisins, Cal, bx. 2 00 2 26, 

do. Halves. . . . ^ 

do. Quarters. .- 

Eighths. - 

Zante Chin ants.- 8< 

Beets, ctl , 

Cabbtkge, 100 lbs- 8ilfi 

Carro's, sk C 

t;auli!lower, doz 1 00 i 

Garlic. lb I 

do, poor — I I 

Lettuce, doz....— 10 i 
Mushrooms, lb .— 10 ( 
Olura, greeu.bx.. — 75 ( 

Parsnips, lb 

Peppers, sk — 76 i 

do. Chile. 

do. niiarteied.. 

Apricots - 13S@- 17 Souaah, Biarrow - 

Blackberries.... («- 12 j fat, ton....... «> ® f " 

Citron - 28 (M— 30 .Tnrnlps. oU....- J8 «• 1 00 

Dktee — 9 (»- 10 I 

Retail Groceries, Etc, 

WEI>Ni;ai)AV M. Jan 

Butter, California 

Choice, lb 



Lard, Cal 


Flour, ex. fin. bbl. .8 
Corn Mi al, n< . . . . 
Sugir. wh crushd. 

Light Brown... 

Coffee, Green 

Tea. Une Black.. 

Finest Japan. .. 
Candles, Adm'te.. 
boap, (M 


Yea<t Powdr, doz.l 
Can ()>sterB, doz. 2 
Syrup.S F iold'n. 
Dried Apples, lb.. 

Ger. Prunes 

Figs, l,'al 


tMlw, Kerobene. ., . 
Wines, Old Port. .3 
French Clarel 1 

Cal. doz hot. . . .2 
WhiHky, O K. gal.3 
French Brandy... 4 

. 3, 188;'. 

8 (d 10 
60 (^2 00 
00 {.ai 00 
76 (a 1 10 
10 ([« 16 
\HM 20 

9 {ft 10 
15 l<S 25 
50 " 

60 t|5 to 
00 Mi 50 
». ((H 50 
60 ft!6 00 
00 (g8 00 

Jannary G, 1883.] 

pAeiFie F^URAL f RESS. 


Horton & Kennedy's Enterprbe WiniiUiill dispfnaei 
with all slidiotr shafts and pitmans, and all segment gears, 
which are liable to become inoperative. It has no super- 
fluous joints, weights and levers to wear and admit of 
ost motion or make noise. It is manufactured by a 
company of long standing and experience in the Wind- 
mill business, with large capital invested in special ma- 
chinerv, extensive works and an elficieut corps of skilled 
workmen. It is the leading Windmill in the United 
Slates, and has been in use on the Pacific Coast for oi e, 
13 years. Address, Horton & Kennedy, general office 
and supplies, Li vermore, Alameda Co., Cal. San Fran- 
cisco Agency, Llnforth, Rice & Co., 323 and 325 Market 
St., 8. F. 

Our Agente 

OOR FRDllfDS can do rmch in aid of our paper and the 
cause of practical knowledge and science, by assisting 
A-'ents in their Ubors of canvassing, by lending their in- 
fluence and encouraging favors. We intend to send noue 
but worthy mei 

a. W. McGrbw— Santa Clara county. 

M. P. OwBN— Santa Cruz county. 

J. W. A. Wriobt— Merced, Tulare and Kern counties. 
JARBD C. HOAO— California. 

B. W. Crowbll— Los Angeles and San Bernardino 
counties. „ . . ■ , 

li. Walker— Sacramento, San Joaquni and Stanislaus 

S. E. Bakkr— Eastern States. 

J. WibTSB, Amador county. 

Geo. McDowell— Alameda connty. 
H. Hapojod— Pluruas county. 

E. T. TiiDRSTON- San Francisco. 


A Descriptive Price List of Vegetable, Flower, Field and Tree Seeds, Free to All who Apply. 


Annual Meeting. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the 
Grangers' Bank of Cai;f irnia and the election of Directors 
for the ensuing year will take place at the office of the 
Bank, in the city of San Francisco, State of California,, 
on Tuesday, the 9th day of January, If 83. at 1 o'clock p. m. 


December 1, 1882. Cashier and Manager. 

Odr attention has been cilled to the remarkable cura- 
tive properties of Burnham's Abietene. It is l ot a com- 
pound, but a pure distillation from a peculiar kind of 
flr balsam. It is really one of nature's remedies. Used 
both internally and externally. As a specific far croup 
It stands without a rival, and does away with the nause- 
ating effecU of hive syrup and emetics. Cures colds, 
coughs, sore throat, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney 
troubles, etc. Used as a liniment for bruises, bums, stifl 
Joints, sprains, poison oak, etc., it has no superior. For 
circulars and testimonials of its merits address Wm. M. 
Hickman, druggist, Stockton, Cal. For sale by all 
druggists. Price. 50 eta and 81 per bottle. 

To f rimer 6 and Publisher?. 

We ofTer Scotch brevier type (same as used on this paper) 
for sale in any quantity from loo Ihs. to lbs , for 20 
cents per lb., if ordered soon. Also, several hundred pound 
»f nonpareil at favorable rates. The type is in good condi 
lion and is of a very durable character. 

Also for sale, desirable fonts of second-hand display type 
at less than half the price of new. ^^^^^ ^ 



First Premium at the State 
Fair of 1882. 

The U. S. Star Windmill has a solid wheel with no 
movable joints to wear out. 

It does its work with less loss 
of power from friction than any 
ither mill. 

It is easily regulated to do as 
.ittle or as much work as ma) 
be required of it. 

It is selt-giverning, and very 
sensitive to the least change in 
the wind. 

It will run with less wind 
than any other mill of the same 
size, doing the same amount of 

It is simp'er and more com- 
pact in construction than auy 
other first-class mill 

It u the most durable wind- 
mill known. 

It h*8 no coils or springs to 
get ou of c)rder. 

It is the only Windmill with 
I bra'te— 'or holding mill 

It is cftere 1 at as low a price 
as anv other first-class mill. 

t^iousH aend for Circa lars, 

D. G. Pad Li, Generrtl Agent, 
Livermore, Cal. 

Wortb HuDdreds, Etc. 

The following candid admission is extracted from a com 
munication printed Dec. .6. .882: Could agricukurlst: 
and horticulturists realise the value to them of the Rural 
Press, your list would be augmented faster than your 
clerks could enter the names. It has been worth hundreds 
of dollars to me in the past three years, and 'it would be 
cheap at a subscription of $10 a year, while it is 
at a third of that price J- 

Columbia, Dec. 4, 1882. ^ 

A0FST8 can~T^'gr:i"P^ fortune. Outfit worth 810 
sent tree' 'fSh "^rtiJulafs addre s E 0. R.dbout & Co., 
10 Barclay St , New York. 

A Corn ShbZlrr can be obtained for $5 of Wiester & 
Co.. S. F 

Bt Telrphjne.— Subscr.herS, a.lvertisers and ct;i 
patrons of this oCicc can :.ddre8S orders, or mp'.e ^ippcm- 
ments with the proprietors or agents by .elephou,,, ao v e 
™ "nt..c-«rt with the centr.1l svptrira in Sp.n rianeisco 

A Turned Lkaf will point out the article supposed to 
be of special interest to persons receivu g sample copies 
of this paper. 



Corapiising the New(sl and Bett Varietiep. 

Connover'8 Collosal Asparagus Plants. 

j3:(d:b i^oots 


30,000 lbs. Peach Pits. 

will be sold at Low r.atea In Large Lots. 


gan Jose, - - - California 

No. 409 San&ome Street, 




I have made the raising of Btet Seed a apccialty fo' sev. 
pral year-, and have iio>" on band a oh' ice lot ff Miiaacl 
Wi/rlxel. Seed (hMi the Liiiiii heil and Yellem- Olohe vane- 
ti.:fi), n nich I ofter for sale at the following rates: 

By mail (postage paid) .50 cfri. p r lb. 

By express (ini 'er 10 lbs ) 33 ctJ. per lb. 

By express (10 lbs, or more) ; 25 cts, per tl . 

My Seed is warranted Fresh. Pin-e and True lo Nome. 
grown ou Eelecttd, trirsplanted and highly cultivated roots. 
Some are afr id of Ca if irn a seed and order from the Ka,t 
at. a cost of 75 cents a pound lam aware that much bad 
seed has been placed uron the marke'. in this State, 10 the 
detriin Dt of b th c nsumers ana producers. But I iuvite a 
ciimi aris n of my seed with tha grown either in the East- 
ern States or in Germany, Califort ia ran i)roduce the 
finest seed in the world. Send for my Cirnilnr. tebii g how 
to plant and tend Maneels with best success sent free. I 
send /iiK 7)n'ntfd dirert/oiis with every ord-r, telHng vhen. 
and wkfre-, and how, and how much seed to it'.anr. 

Every man lha', keeps cows or hog< fh-iuld raise beet-; 
they will produce more letU' ns in m Ik and fat than ai y 
other crop. Sums i f -SI or less m .y be sent in stamps »t my 
risk; larger amounts by money order or express. Adrtros, 

Frof W. C DAMON, Naia, Cal. 






Is recognized as the 

Always give^ satisfaction. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURABLE in all parts. 
Solid Wrought-iron Crank Shaft with 
DOUBI.B BBARisos for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 
Positively S«lf-Reg:ulating ' 
With no coil springs, or springs of any 'I 
kind. No little rods, joints, levers, or anything of tht 
kind to get out of order as such things do. Mills in use 
6 to ] 2 years in good order now, that have never cost one 
cent for repairs. All genuine Enterprise Mills for the 
Pacific Coast trade come only through this agency, and 
none, whether of the old or latest pattern, are genuine, ex- 
cept those bearing the "Enterprise Co." stamp. L' ok out 
(or this, as inferior mills are being offered with tes- 
timonials applied to them which were given for ours. 
Prices to suit the times. Full particulars free. B-,at 
Pumps, Feed Mills, etc, kept in stock. Address, 


niENERAL OFFICE AND SUPPLIES (as always before; 

San Franclsno AKencv. LINFORTH, aiCE 
A? CO., 323 6z 325 Marl at Ht,, S. F. 


See the new 
Adams Si West'.ey and Armour 


For Heating or Cooking, or 
Send for Circular. 


869 Karke , & 77 Fourth St , 

Commission Merchants. 

Grangers Business Association, 


No. 38 California St. 


Consignments of GRAIN, WOOL, DAIRY PRODUCE, 
Dried Fruit, Live Stock, Etc., solicited, and liberal ad- 
vances made on the same. 

Careful and prompt attention paid to orders for the 
purchasing of Urain and Wool Sacks, Wagons, Agricul- 
tural Implements, Provisions, Merchandise and Supplies 
of all kinds. 

Warehouses and Wharf, 

At "THE GRANGERS, "• Contra Costa Co. 

Grain rrchivrd on storaob, for shipment and pgr 
saIjB ON twsiGNMENT. Insurance effected and liberal ad- 
vances made at lowest rates. Farmers may rely on 
their grain being closely and carefully weighed, and on 
having their other interests faithfully attended to. 


Late Miller ft Co. 


lueen THE South 


For Stfiek Feed or Meal for 
^:llnlly use. 
10,000 IIT TTSE. 
\V rite f<ir Pamphlet. 

Simpson it Gault ll'fg Co. 

Succossiirs to Stbaub Mill Co. 

SUIENTIKR: l"KK>8 0l<Flt;K, iSi Market (Kleva- 
lorl2Fronl),S f. Pamphlet lor Inventors Irte. 

•"•'^ Ion M l,N.t,lll.I. miiOMO (ar.U, iii, •■ 
I alike, .)ii-t out. 10 c 'JU (;|I.T lIKt 1 ',. 
I KlU.i:, n..M liii'iivil ri.I'Mvi'sniKl |>l;iiM,| .-Sr. 
I'I.,\|:L H,((IUI,S, iiiri.'t.!, new (.1,1- 
i-il taiKl cli-.i',;jis rj MMSS 

laOlULS, iiaiiic rovcixl In lini..! ii.i.l fluMrr., ■•:>!:. 
I Stnll '.;.•>;■. lor Ii. w .\ll)nin of Siliu|>lc « f< 1- .(ai lits. Ili- 
iiccil I'ric - I.KI, Kr. ■JOO ^!,^V l)l-SI(;.\S iiihli-il tliU 
a><m. Urdi-rs |>rom|illv lllli'il. Ill, A NK CAIIUS iil, 
whol.'MiIr. STKVKNS linOS. .V CO. Norllifor.l, ( oiiii. 

San Francisco Savings Union 

532 Califo nla Street, cor. Webb 

For the half year ending with December 31, 1882, a 
Dividend has been declared at the rate of f .)ur and thirty- 
two one-hundredth (t. 32) per cent, per annum on term 
deposits and three at d si'tty ouc-hundredths (:i 00) per 
cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of Federal 
tax, payable on and after Wednesday, January 17, 18S:i. 



From Cuttings Imported from Smyrna. 

For Sale by 

W. B. WEST, Stockton, Cal. 


"Farmers' Headquarters." 

Rates, $1,25 lo $3.00. 

Free Coach from !>11 Railioad and Steamboat Stations 

A. & J. JBAHN, Proprietors. 


(Successors to MILLER & CO .) 

Wool, Grain, 


Coii\missior\ Merchants. 

10 Bavis Street, near Market. 



(Successors to J. W. GALE & CO,,) 

Fruit ani Ssneral Commission Merchnts, 

And Wholesale Dealrrs in Ca'ifornia and Oregon Produce, 
Also, Grain, Wool, Hides, Krnna, Polatves, Cheese, Etigs, 
Butler and honey. 

On'iftlf C't/ipne* ^o- Davis Street, and 
DnCK Oiarca. 120 Washington St., S. F. 

PrnmnK Returns Advance Liberally on Oonaienment.. 


Commission Merchants 

And Dealers in 

Green and Dried Fruits, 

Grain, Wool, Hides. Beans. Potatoes. 

404 & 406 DAVIS STREET, 

P, O. Box 1936 SAN FRANCISCO. 



^11 DEAF? 

FERRIS' RFST0RA7IVE will invariably coke vou. 
It is endorsed by all home and forii/n physicians and 
scientists. It cures where all other means fail. Don'i 
neelect to send for circulars, it will pay yo.i. ASK YOUR 
Pikes' Opera House Buildin/, Cincinnati, Ohio. 



Gilt Ed^e Cards, eleirantly printed, 10 cents. VAN 
BUSSyU & CO., 8.^ Nassau St,, New York, tf. Y- 

1 13 FOR $1. 27 FOR $2. 

Finpst (■vor-MoominKHorts, your 
rhoicc, all lalicl. il, free liy mail. 
I l\est and clieiipesi in the 
I ii'orUl, ire tnetiu this, WUl 
prove it liy HcndinR BiinipUi plant fur I.'i rents. Siifo 
arrival and natisfaction suaranteeil. WE LEAD "i 
quantity, quality, size and price of all ehi)ice jilants, 
now and old. Valualile premiums GIVEN AWAY. 
l'2th Annual rated and Instruclive CataloRue tree. 
■WOODS, BEACH & CO., New Brighton, Pa. 

Important additions are being continually made in 
Woodward's Gardens. Tho grotto walled with aquaria is 
constantly receiving accessions of new fish and other 
marine life. The number of sea lions is increased and 
there is a better chance to study their actions. The 

Savilion has now varieties of performances Tho floral 
epartment is replete and '.he wild animals ia good vigor. 
A day at Woodward's Gardens ig a day well spent. 




"Wliolesale Grocers, 




(front Street Block bet. Clay & Washiugton. San Franolaoo. 
tW Special attention given to country traders. JV 
P O. Box 1940. 


Grain, Flour, Wool, Etc. 

[Mombcra of the San Francisco Produce Exchange! 
211 and 213 Clay St., S F. 
l^Ubnral advances nuulo on ConslKnnients, 


No. 7S Wftrren Street. New York 

Commission Merchants in Cal. Produce 

RuFRRRNCRS).— Tradesmen's National BanU, N. T.; F,ll- 
wangor & Barry, Rochester, N. Y ,;C. W. Rood; Sacra- 
mento, Cal: A. Lusk & Co.. San FrancHco. Cal. 

Silos Reservoirs, Head Gates, 

BANSOUE, 402 HoDt«omery Sl„ 8. F. Baud fordfoolar 


f AeiFie F^URAL f RESS. 

[January 6, 1883 


KiefFer's Hybrid Pear. 

Oarbcr'fl Hybrid, Smitli d Hybrid, Souvenir du Congrcs, 
Le Conte and other Japanese, Chinese and Sandwich 
Inland Pears. Golden Mammoth Peach, Cliimpion 
Qilnie, etc. 


Twelve Hundred Kinis Mixed, 

Incluling every Shide known in the Gladiolin, $10 
per 100 Bull)-. 


Nj weet V»rietie», $3 per dozen Tubers. Would also call 
all enti )n to my large etock and great variety of well- 
gr own evergreens. 


Santa Rosa, Cal. 


Cuttings of the ab)ve varieties of Grapevines will be 
furnished in lots to suit purchasers, and delivered on the 
oars at Oakvillo, Napa Co., for Four Dollars per 
, ) 00. Apyl y to 

F. A. BUCK, Oakville, Napa Co., Cal. 

Alw a limited amount of Cuttii)^ from 

Imported Roated Vine* 

From the Champagne IJi,trict of France (Eperney and 
Hareuil-8ur'.iy). The Grapes from these vines sell at the 
place of their production at from 20 to 30 cents per 
nnd. Price of Cuttinga, S2D per 1.000. 



SPLENDIDPOT PLANTS, specially pre- 
pared for Immediate Bloom. Delivered 
safely by mail i«ft|':iiil.:itall i'.irt.iiluis.5!-].l,ii. 
did varu-tit--(<, your choice, lain In i. tor SI ; 12 
for 82; 19 forS3; 26 f"rS4: 35 1< rS5: 75 1 r 
$10: lOOforSls, WE GIVE a H^nd60me 
Presentof choice aij'l valuable ROSES free 
with ever}' order. Our NEW GUIDE, " nmpUir 
Treatise on the Kose, 76 p]». '•U'jauthj iV'iJitr'ttrfl—/ree 
S«8e Growers, West Grove, Chester Co., Pa. 

50.000 APRICOTS 

And a larj[e stock of Peaches, Apples. Plums, Kcifer and 
Lecoute Pear;), Grapes and Small Fruits; tizes suitable to 
send by mail, express or freight. Also Pear, Apple, 
Cherry and (Juinf-e Slocks. G-afts put up to order in 
large and small lota. Catalogues showing how and what 
to plant, with much valua>)le information, gratis 

Great ^Tar'Iiern a«d Soothe n Nurseries, 

Wilmington, Delaware. RANDOLPH PETERS. 


Complete assortment of Apples, I'ears, Plums, Prunes, 
Cherri^, Quinces, etc. Sfiil for free Price List. Now is 
the time tu order. Address, 




A General Assortment of Semi-Tropical and Nortbein 

Fruit Trees. 

A fine assortment of Cannirg Varietiaa and those suited 
to this c imate. Also Forest Trees, Hedge PlaniO and 
Ornamental .shrubbery. Address, 


Paeadena, Los Angeles Co., Cal. 


II, rr.i M. IT m;. aim'i.k, 

yl l.N< 1 .1. I . .hi r In . .jOxirlH 


Il:,„ „i,.q.<'r, , „r.A', ,i/"r*i/,.v7f<ir/.'«»< 
IHT KKIO. Kai-i'lx.Trief.lifack. 
lx rn<-». Currants, :«! sorts of (irai es. 
Lf>trettt rrtfyh prireH. .sv,i'.' fort'ulal'ygue 
J. K fOI.LIXS, MoorcKton n, >. J- 

To Fruit Growers. 

raustlr Soila. (austir Soda \sh anil (arliitllr. 


Manufacturers' Ageiitp, 
304 CiUfornla Street, San Francisco. Cal. 


Free f.-om Disease. Apply to 
HOWE & n \I.I.„ 408 and 410 Davis Street 

MOCMTO ""'^ crasp a fortune. Oiit- 
BllE.ll I & "' "'""th 810 lV<>. AtMn ss E. 0. 

■ W EIDEOUT 4 CO., lOBarclaySt V Y 


All Kinds of Field and Garden Seeds at Reduced Prices, in Large Quantities- 

Alfalfa, Red and White Clover; Anstralian, Italian and Eiglish Rye Grass; Blue Grass, Lawn, 
Orchard; Mefquit, Red Top and Timothy Seed; Califoroiii Forest and Evergreen Tree 
Seeds. Also Fruit and Ornamental Trees at Lowest Prices at Oar 


No. 409 and 411 DavU Street, - - San Francisco. Cal 


Oakland, Cal. 


Fruit Trees, Ornamental Evergreen Trees, Plants and Shrubs; also 
several thousand Gitm and Cypress trees, Flowering Bulbs, K>3es 
Fresh Seeds. Please send for catalogue and price list. 

P. J. KELLER, Seedsman and Florist, 

Nursery near Cemetery; Seed and F.oral Store, 5093i 511 Seventh 
Street, bet. Wafhlngton & Clay. OAKLAND.OAL 


O Pool's Signal Service Barometer 

,| OR .-iTOK.ll « 


in :i,lvanc.' 
.lir.vti.ui ^ i 

< , 



A.-.-; A.M) •io.>ii:ti;k io.hki.nkh, 

L-taiHlin.lic atci-urr.'i tlyaiiy rbiniiro in the weather 12 to 48 boors 
It will ti ll »h;it kinil .il stonn is anToachin!.', and from whit 
iiiviiIiimIiIc III iiaviuuloi'n. I'Mriiicrn c an plan their work 
t') its l-rcdicti'in... SnM'> .)0 I illlf., iIh ro?,l in a Hlllt'lo n-ason 

•urate niioii;it.Tatla. lie I. will, 1 1 1,1 .11. • 1- -rill tli,- lirii'ci.l 111.- 

,11. rill- L-ivat \> i;.\'l'lli:i( I.NDIC .\T<tK i.<eucl..rM-cl livtlu' 

, " . . . '. XBEST IN THE WORLD! 

It, rill .iiM-i,T anil li.iroiiii'tri' lire i>ut in a nicely li!il(<lj, il wnlmit I nnu,', 
-il\(n- iilatcl tnnnijiii>.-s, i ic. makint.' it a l,oaiitiliil as il us iis, lui ..r. 
lit Wr will Ki-ml yiiiia saliii'le ,.uc, </r(,i:, r.-y/W,-, tii your jila.-.-. in d 
,1,11 IT i-ii.tiil (ir rt.x lur ai-1. .\Ki-nlsareniakin>rlriiiiiiiiali>*-2ii 

S.111U-' tbi lu A l. mlKlll runruir^yo,,. ( Irill T at i iice. It !^I-|Im nt 

in . .Inst till, thint.- to k;11 to fanners, nu n liauts. etc luvaUialile to 
liiicly. I,, S. l-,»stai.'e Stamps taken if in irond onler. but liinnev pre- 
J. .'\8<-iil-< wiiiiK-il evrr> Mii<Tr. Send f,ir I'ircular ami t'cnns. 
AildresualloniHrsiii OSWICi^O Tlllil{.»IO.»li;Ti:K \V(M<I\S. 

( /,,i..7r..( „ ,il,li.h,„r„l ,hr kii„l ./i n i.r/./ ) fKU, < V«PKO I 'O., .\ . 

\\ p refer to the iMayor. Po-linastor. t'ounty t'li'rk, i'irst and Second 
^nti'inal Banks, or any bn.siui,tis house in Oswev'o, N. V. 

Write ijotir V'ist (Hiir<^, ('•ttititt/ iiiiri S'ate j'taiiity, and remit bi/ monef/-order, 
din^/'t itn Xrir York or rf>/itt'erfd ft 'frr, at ttttr rink. 
'IhU will muke u ICrautirul uiid Very rueful Preumt. 

I 1111,1 P,,ors HaroHK-lLT work^ a,i w,-ll iis on,- llmt cons titlv iloll.'ir„. Ymi cnii relv on it 
cvi rv llni,». ■ C'*pi. Cli*«. B. KuiitKs. Ship •■Twilisht." .San FianiU™. 

IlantmetPr n-n-ive,! In good ordyr, nnd must say that the innlrumcut gives |,tTrt,i.'t 
isriictiou in every re^iiect. It is neatly maile ain'l woiMerrtilly eheap mt two doll&r.,i. 

Geo. Ji. Pahsoxk, M. C. It. K. Olfice. Detroit, Mitrh. 
VooVn Baromft'T lias a1rc!i,lr itavrd me liiaiiv times its post, in foretellins tlic weather. 
It i- a w„u,l, Tl'ul .■,iri,>Titv aii.i works to perli-etion. I". J. RoBKiiTso!*, .Milwauki.s;,Wis 

HKW.VUK «IF \VOnTIiI.F..SS I.>IlT.\TIO\S. None (rennine 
wntlimit our Trade Mark, and Si(rnature of J. A. Pool, on back of Instni. 
meiit, as below : /" \ ^ . ^ a a r.» -^-^^^ 


Km tv iiistrnment wnrrnnted TtA' and nrHahle. Size 9V; inches lo-iir 
' " ','}"■ ,1' satisfied on reeeiviivi- f le iiistmnient. return it atnnce and 
we will renin 1 i o.ii monej-. Ple.ifc stat • w her.^ yc ii raw ouradTertiBcnient 


113 Sansome Street, San Francisco. 

W. W. Greener's Celebrarted Breech Loading Double Guns. 

W. W. Greener's Trap Gun, 12, 14 or 16 Gauffe, $85. 

A full dtock of ColtV Tarker and remingtoo Guua. Sharp's. Beliard. Winchester, Keuuedy. Marlin and Remin^n 
9|HirtiDg Kifle», Pistols uf all kinds. Amuiuuition in quautities to {(Uit. A liberal discount to the trade. Price Ust od 


Nevada City, California, 

FELIX GILLET, Proprietor. 

8PEC1ALTIBS-Nar.a of all Kinds (Wain ut«. 
Chestnuts, Almonds and Filberts), 


Or Karly- Bearing Walnv t. 
Introduced into Califoniia from Europe in tho Springe 
of 1S71, by Felix Oillet, Neva<ls aty, Cal. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Francisco. 

rFree Coach to and from the House J, "W". BECK£R, Proprietor 

The most precocious of all Boft-»)itll varieties of WalDUts, 
bearing Bome'.imes at three years from the planting of the 
nut. A latu bloomer; a regular aud prolific 1>ca*er. First 
berring trees in California a* Felix (lilltfs Nurferifs, 
eighth crop, J 382. The hardiness and lat e blops'. niing of the 
Pr<L-part urlecs render it poseittle to ciiltiTate the Walnut in 
localities where it has been heretofore deemed impracticable, 
while its precociouRDesJi strongly recommends it to all thowo 
who are Impatient of the time reiiuired to bring the com- 
mon sorts into bfanog. 

One, two, three and four-year old trees of that valuable 
variety fur sale, all 

California-arown Trees! 

From six inches t<> eiaht feet. One-year old Trees, hearlly 
rooted, sent by mail to any part of the United Utates, frre 
itf rhHrunt, packed in damp moss and oileo paper, at the fol- 
lowing prices: 75 cents to i\ per tree for less than tialf a 
do/en; $8 to $10 per dozen, according to sizes. 

Also, Serotlna or Late Walnut— Gant or 
Jeweler's Walnut— Chaberte Wal- 
nat-Mayette Walnut- 
Black Walnut 


(;RAFTKn CHKSTNCJTS (Marron ds Lyon and Mar- 
ron Con balr). 

Ilalfan and American Chehlnntsl 

Paper Hhell Almond -Spanish and Italian Filberts—Pears, 
Cherries, P»a3h-s, Piums. Raspberries. Goose- 
berries. Cu rants, htc, Ktc. 
French. Koglish and Dutch Strawl>erries {magnifioent va 
rietles). Forty varieties of Orapes. 

A Novelty In the Vegetable Line: 

"laviocible Pta, ' per i|uart. ^1; per pint, 65 cents; per 
packt^t of ti ouuc:;8. 25 cents, includi <g postage. 

MORUS NAN<;A.8AKI or JaFONICA -Large Le^f 
Mulbtrry of .Tap»n, for Silkworm raising. Orows splendidly 
from cutting!}. Trees and cuttings for sale. 


lUlian and Fre ch Annuals (from FELIX OILLETS 
COCOONERY. Nevada t'ity), at «5 andJS per ounce, mailed 
fre*» nf cli%rges. 

iCff"New Illustrated "Desciiti'TIVk Catalooik aki> 
Price Libt" mailed free to all applicants. 


Nevada City, Cal- 

, -^IJFOR J883.= 

Will t>e iiKiiied FHKi; to ail applieantH. and to cus- 
tomers of last year without oruerinfr it. Itcontaina 
about 175 patfes. Gnu illuHtrations, pricee. accurate 
descriiHionfl and valuable directions for planting 
1500 varieties of Vok'etable and tlower Seeds, 
Plants, Fniit Trees, etc. Invaluable to all, eeijec* 
iaily to Market (iardenerft. Send for it ! 

D. M.FERRY & CO. Detroit Mich. 


East San Joae, Oal. 

For sale, a larsre and greneral asaortment of healthy 
well grown Fruit Treei", comprisine: Apple, Pear, Peach, 
Plum. Prune, Apricot, Cherry, e'«., of all the leading 
varieties now mostly in demand. Address, 

JAMES H ANNAY, San Jose, Gal. 

Apple, Pear, Plum and Cherry Seedlings 


At Xiow Rates for STos. 2 and 3. 

Also P »r. Plum and Cherry Urafte put up to order on 
ghort notice and in the best manner Prices on applica- 
tion to, 


Danev.Ue, Lio County, - - New York. 


Special Offer of 

Blue and Red Gumc. Also Monterey Pines and Cyp Sss 
1, 2 and 3 years uKI, in large lots at low rates. Prices 
on application. Address 

B. OIXiZi, nrnrseryman, 

28th St, near San Pablo Ave.. Oakland, Cel. 


I offer the trade this season a large and general assort- 
ment of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, and S mall FruiU 
Uy Trees are healthy, stalky and well grown. Address, 
S. NEWHALL. San Jose, Cal 

January G, 1 883. J 


Seeds. Plants, Etc. 


Importers, growers of, wholesale and retail dealers in 

Field, 6rass, Flower and Tree Seeds, 



We call the attention of farmers and country merchants 
to our unusually low prices. I^Trade price 
list on application. 

We issue the most complete guile to the Vegetable and 
Flower Garden ever issued upon this coast. It is hand- 
somely illustrated, and contains full descriptions of Vege- 
tables, Flowers, Grasses, Trees, etc., with full instruc 
tions as to their culture; mailed free on application. 


607 Sansome Street, S. P. 





Z Fruit and S^ergreen Treeo, Plants, Zto. 

^ In Largre Quantities and Offered in Lota to Suit Purchasers. 

Hedge Shears, Fmnlng and Budding EnlTes, Qreen House Syringes, Etc. 
Seed Warehouse, 317 Washington St.. San Franolsoo. 






For 1S8-J 1» «•-.. tS^Ufluit. UuoU. ul lau f off'"* ^ 
Colored Plates of Flowers and Vegett- 
bJes, a^d more th-n 1,000 Illustration< 

of the choicest Flowers, Plants and Vegetables, and Direc- 
tions for growing. It is hands jme enough for the Cenlpr 
Table or a Holiday Present. Send on your name and Post 
Office address, with 10 cents, and I will fund you a copy, 
nostagd paid. This is not a i|uarter of its cost It is printed 
in both English and German. I f you afterwards order seeds 
deduct the 10 cents. ...... 

Vick's Sccrts are llie Best in the World ! 
The Fi.ORAi. Guide will tell how to get and grow them. 

VicR's Floweband Vfuetahi.e Garden, 175 Pages, 
6 Colored Plates, 500 Ensravings. For 60 cents in iiaper 
covars; >i: 1.( iu elegant cloth. In German or English 

VicK's Illustrated Monthly Magazine— 32 rages, a 
Colored Plate iu every number, and many tine engravinKS. 
Price, $l.2i a year; Five Copies for .-JS.'O. Specimen num- 
bers sent for 10 ctnia; 3 trial copies for 25 cents. 

JAMBS VICK, Rochester, N. Y. 

' FOB 

or money 
we will 
send by 
mail one 
put, each 
of the fol- 

J a p a n e k e Nest-Bug 
Gourd, the most beauiifu 
and useful gourd ever seen, 
exicllv the siz), color and 
shape of hen ' eggs; Ilnnei/ 
Dew Green Citron Melon. 
the sweetest and best- 
fl ivored Muskmelon in cul- 
tivation; Cuban Queen UO- 
pound Watermelon, the 
largest, fineat, sweetest and 
most luscious Watermelon 
in the world; Golden 
i)a(™ilfn?ig'o, entirely new, 
; the most beautiful pepper 
ever seen; large, bright 
golden color and tliK-k- 
meated. AddressSAMUEL 
WILSOM. Seed Grower, 
Mechanic(ville, Bucks County, Pennsjlvaiii?. 


Of the Leading 



PEACHES.— Orange, Lemon, Crawford, September and Chinese Cling, Susquehana, Early and Late Craw- 
ford, Salway. Smock's Free, etc. 

APRICOTS.— Royal, Moorpark, etc. 
NECTARINES.— Hardwicke, New Wliite, etc. 
PEARS.— Bartlett, Winter Nells, Seckel, B. Clairgean, etc. 
PLUMS.— Yellow Egg, Washington, Jefferson, etc. 
PRUNES.— Petite, German, Hungarian, etc. Also, 


—Of all the— 

Sta-ircaLa-rca. Va-rietios of IF'ir-ULitjs. 

A Large Assortment; of Ga'den, Flell aid Tree Seeds, etc. 

R. J. TRUMBULL & CO., Seedsmen, 

419 & 421 Sansome Street, San Francisco. 


San Jose, Cal. 

On account of having to move from leased ground the 
coming winter, we offer a large and line lot of the follow 
ing varieties of evergreens at greatly reduced rates: 

Austrian Pine 2to3 feet. 

Lauresi i lus 2 t o 3 " 

Lawsun Cypress ii to 4 *' 

Myrtle, Common IJ " 

Kepluolepsis orata H " 

Magnolia Grandi flora 3 to 6 " 

Golden Arborvitse 3 " 

Monterey Pine 3 to 4 " 

Monterey Cypress 2 to 3 " 

Balsam Fir 2 '* 

Blue Gums (transplanted) 6 ■' 

California Palm 2 to 3 " 

California Palm 3 to 4 " 


The usual large and well assorted stock of 

Miscellaneous Fruit Trees, Small Fruits, 
Ornamental Shade Trees, Evergreens, 
Roses, Bulbs, Greenhouse Plants, 
Etc , etc. 


San Jose, Cal. 


516 Battery Street, San Francisco. 

W. R. STRONG & CO.. 


Every Description of Field, Garden, Flower aod other Seeds, Flowering Bulbs, etc, can l>e obtainedat our e:tab 
lishraeut. Fresh, Pur^i and Geuuicie, at the lowest rates Caifornia Alfaba, Eastern Clovers and Grass Seeds a 
Specialty. Seed and Tree Catalogues sent by mail free on applicati -n. Also Wholesale Fiuit and General Produce Deal- 
ers. Special attention will be given and prompt returns rendered for consigrmer ts placed wii-h up. Orders f r 
Merchandise of evdry description promptly and ca efuHy tilled at lowest rates. Our constantly in(.rea8ing line of customer 
attests to the fa rness of our prices and qualiry of o r goods. 

Ifos. 106 to 110 J Street, Sacramento, Cal. 


San Bernardino, - - - - Cal., 

Box 375. 

Fniit and Ornamental Trees 


150,000 Trees in Dormant Bud to be delivered when one 
year o!d at the lowest rates. This offer i^ equal to 1 year 
old trees for the price of Dormant Buds. Also, 80,000 
June Buddeo Trees at the very lowest ratss. 


Principal Nuraeiy loc»Sed just south of Colton. 


I»H Y IjILi O X E H. -A. 

By Planting Resistant Vines. 

1 offer for gale a'l the leading variaies of Riparia, 
Rupestris and Mil\va>\*, especially Lenoir, 
Hertemont and Elvira. 

Price List and Circular Sont on Application 

stock guaranteed true to nime and in good condition 
Order* should be sent tarly, as the stock is limited. For 
carticularg apply to 


Napa C8l 


Established In 1858. 
I grow all kinds of hardy Fruit Trees, Evergreen Trees 
and Shrubs, Shade Trees, Roses, Flowering Shrubs, 
Plants, etc. Grown wl'hout irrigation, clean and 
healthy. The demand is likely to exceed the supply of 
some kinds of Fruit Trees. Prices and kinds will be 
riven on application. Address W. H. PEPPER, 
Petaluma, Sonoma County, Cal 


Sacramento, Cal. 



Penryn, Placer Co., Cal. 

CO., Proprietors, 

Successor J to WILLIAMiON & CO. 

Avery laree and fine stocli of Fruit, .Shade and Ornamental Trees. Shrubbery, Vines, Plants, etc. All healthy and 
free from scale bug. Onr selection embraces all the leading and many new and chjics varieties of Fruit. Priced 
catalogue on application , Address. 

W. R. STRONG & CO-> 

Sacramento, Cal. 


Importer, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 


Alfalfa, Red and White Clover. 

Australian Rye Grass, Timothy and Orchard Grass, Kentu -ky Blue Grass, Huiigariun Millet Grass. 

Red Top, etc. 

Also a large and choice collection of FRUIT and ORNAMEN i ALTREE3. 

Budding aud Pruning Knives, Greenhouse Syringep, Hedge and Pule Slieara. 

THOS. MGHBRIN, .516 Battery St., «4an Franc'sco. 



F" o !• S ft 1 o , 


Thrifty, Well-grown Fruit, Shade and 
Ornamental irees. 


Palms, Bamboos, Shrubs, Roses, etc. Small Frui's, in- 
cluding a large variety of Grapevines, for table, for wine 
and for raisies. 


Of newest and best varieties for market and for profit 

Descriptive Catalogues will be sent as fallows: 

No. 1 , Fruits, G rapevines. Berries, etc S cts. 

No. 2. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Roses, etc 3 cts. 


San Jote, - - - CsUfomla 


100,000 Fruit Trees 


For sale at Low Prices, consisting of Ohe finest market 
varieties of 




These Trees are all grown without irrigation, from 
natural seed imported frooi Tennessee, and 
are much more hardy and vigorous 
than Trees e:rown from the seed 
of caltivated varieties. 

Send for Catalogues and Prices to 

C. W. REED & CO., 

Sacramento, Cal. 




Timothy, Clover, Flax, Hungarian, Millet, Red Top, 
Blue Crass, Lawn Grass, Or;hard Grass, Bird Seeds, iic. 

\VAKi;HOU.SES : , , r ,y ■ 

1.5, 1.7 i4 ..9 Kinxic s.. 0^^'", 115 K.nzie St., 

104, lo6, lo8 & no Michigan St. CHICAGO. ILL. 

By Mail or Express. 

$.> per 1,000. 
PEAR, $10 per J, 000, Mall or Expre-s Free 

Catalogues ot numerous other Trees, or Seeds ol Fruit 
and Ornamentals, free. 


Germantown (Philadelphia), Penn. 

By Telephonb. — Subscribers, advertisers and other 
patrons of this office can address orders, or make appoint- 
ments with the proprietors or agents by telephone, as we 
are connected with the central systemin Sau Francisco. 



Hanaell (Ex ra Early Red) Rasoberry Pay's 
Prolific Currant, James Vick and 
Manchester rftrawberrlea. 
All the best Small Fruits. New Illustrated Catalogue 
free. Address, 

C. M. SILVA Sl son, 
Newcastle, Placer Co., - - Cal 

W. M. Williams' Semi-Tropical 
General Nurseries. 



the following varieties: Aujilea, I'eachep, I'earp, I'runes, 
I'lums, Apricots. NectarineH. Cherries, Figs, etc.. of standard 
varieties; ' rees freo from Scale or other no.xions insects. 
Also, Grare Roots and Cutlitig. of all leading Raisin and 
Wine varielies SeodleSo Sultauas. Muscatelle. etc. W. M 
WILLIAMS, P. O. Bo.v 175, Fresno City, Cal. 

Dewey & Co. Patent Agf s 


FOR SALE.— A first-clasa, thrifty, healthy stock of 
Temperate Chmate and Semi-Tropic Fruit Trees. Apricot. 
Peach. Pear, etc.. one year old. (.irange and Lemon one to 
four years from bud. Also .Seedling Orange Trees. 

Semi-Tropic Tree Culture a Specialty. 

Price List Mailed Free. O. W. CHILDS, Proprietor. 
Address, THOS A. GABEY, A»ent, 

P. O. Box 452. Lo9 Angeles, Cal. 


The underpinned c£fera for sale a fine aesortment of 
A ppIeH, Pt ars. Cherries, Peaches, Plums. Prunes, 
Apricots. Grapes, Small Fruits, Shade Trees, Evergreens, 
K'>fC9, Shrubbery and Greenhouse Plants, etc. 

NUKSEkY corner of Twelfth Street and Berryosfta 
Road, and on Mitpitas Road, adjoining John Rock's 

L. F. SANDERSON, San Jose, Cal. 

OLUi un nxM tmra f* iiaju 

f«T^U>. CMalpk. P..[«., ^V. M.[>U, Boi Kl 

• »>. ElMXR»a. Kim, f.^WT,^ %^ MPM 

.<U oek mt 8>^MB«». Ub.u 0.^ am* P tlliiiM. 

-Iria I liki. I 

JL |i^*dATAU>«^ rasm. 
W. 1. »Aff DUU», ■ 

Napa Valley Nut series. 

FRUIT TREES. GRAPE CUTTINGS, $4 to $5 per 1.000 
Rooted ViueB, Riparia ami other atock. Unirrlgated and 
healthy. For particulars and prices. addretiB, LEONARD 
COATES. Napa CIty.lCal. 



r January G, 1883 

Grlidden's Patent Steel Barb Fencing. 

More in Use than of all Others Combined ! 

Lighter than any Other Made from Same Size [Wires I 


The Best is the Cheapest, and the Glidden is Guaranteed Without an Equal. 

This etyle of Bub FenoiDg ia too well known 
to require an extensive not'oe. Wherever B»rb 
Wire is known, the Gliuden is the familiar 
word. It has always held the position of being 
the best. Beet as to style of Barb: Beet as to 
material employed in the manufacture ! Btst 
as to manner of workmanship I Ic has six t) 
sixteen more Barbs per rod than has that of any 
other manufacture. 

The Oalvamzim; nsed in the Glidden is 
everywhere acknowledged the Bes " in the mar- 
ket. The patent process employed is owned 
and used exclusively hy the mnnufacturers of 
this wire. Instead of Burning ani. Wfaken- 
iNf; the wires, as the acid pri corses do, n used 
b> most other manufacturers, it IiNcbfa.>-es thf. 
SiRKNciit 111, per cent., or over 200 pounds 
breaking strain. 

By actaal test on one of Riehl's Wire-Testing maohinea the GLIDDEN stood a Btr*ia of 33 per cent, greater th&a any one of KHiHT diffsrent styles of Barb Wire eiperi. 
mented upon. 

Thick-set lJ».rbH are only 2A 
inc'ies apart, giving S5 Barbs, or 
168 Protecting Points, per rod. 

The Barbs being separate and 
Eo' lunched up, as in all four- 
po nt wires, evkry point i>oks its 
has 45 to SO morn Birba per rod 
than other wires — oousequently 
it is 20 to 50 per cent, more 

effective. Notwithstanding it ha^ 
more Btrbs, it has lees wire in the 
Birbs, bec^iuse the Barb is coiled 
armind only one wirp; hence it 

Weighs Less and Costs 
Iiess per Hod. 

Kvery 2A inches is protected by 
a Barb. inbCead of 8 to 12 inches, 
as on Barb Wires of otbtr manu- 

The FOUR POINT GLIDDEN is a new can- 
didate for public favor, < ffered this seaiou for 
the first time, and pn<iteso''fi rlistinctive features. 
A? a Four-Foint Barb Wire, it is supe- 
rior to any other insnuiactured, »u<l overcomes 
naay of the serious otjectiuos to fi nr-points in 
gt neral. 

First. —The Barb is attacked to one only of 

Barb Fencing has bfcome a staple and leading article of merchaodice. Every farmer and stock raiser who uses it is interested in securing the must ett'ective and reliable brands in the 
market, for in lh:s the tine economy consitts. The njanufaoturcrs ot the GLIDDKN b»ve pvpr a'med tn make theirs sri ERIOR rn AIL OillEK.S. Tn this they have been entirely successful. Tbey 
a'e now as fully dete mined to ktep it up to the standard of the SZSST B^BB TVIRZS 1ST TXZZI TXTOILLS. We are prepared to lumish the various styles above enumerated, 
either Japannfp or Galvanizep, at lowest prices, and will deliver from 

Eer jj 5 Inches A art 

the main wires, hence the contraction and 
ExrAN.siON is not interfered with by binding 


Second. — Toe Birb being attached to one 
only oi il,e main wires, and does not envelop 
the other, much less wire is used in the con- 
struction of the B»rli; therefore it TXTelghS 

Less p«>r Kod than any other Four- 
Foint Made. 


Address. JONES & GIVENS. Pacific Coast General Agents. 

209 J Street, Sacramento. Cal. 

Musical Gifts 



The newest and best (teneral collection. 

The newoil collection ol the bept Piano muti". 
MINSTREL SONO<«. Old and New 
The most popular melodies in the worUt. 

Unp.juiled arrav of Oern^aii eemB, 
Larire numbers cf the bes- son/f. 
The above are types of ub jUt 3> volumes, each con- 
tiinin? ranre than 200 p'^gtfl hh-et mu-p: 9i7.e. and 
tilled with the verv beat «telected music of ilH cl taa, all 
I>erman«-ntlv vaiuible, and all neatand clecrant bctobfl. 
Pri < f each, plain, i2; in clofn. .SO; gilt, *3. 
TBR NORWAY MUSIC A< BUM ii a 8pl>>ndid 
and uniriac b>ok. tilled with Norpe niuaic a'»'i Rui ic 
rhvmea, Hiiih aa li'm^MI iw li.ved and Ole Jtull best 
inierpretcd, and costa 9l.b0 plain, tS in cloih £4 gi\i. 
Send for I<1s(m. d**sc»if'ine our attractive »nd ufefiil 
Boiika of Muiicnl LiterMlnrn ((1 to ti) our 
coll I lining of clua^ical ii.u<<ic, as Sonatas ot Mi /. ift or 
Beethoven t$.*) per v .1.). etc., etc 

Any bouk mailed for *hc rttail price. 


OHAS. H. DITSON & CO., 84.3 Broadway, New York. 

Sawing Made Easy. 

m\mi LK.III.M.NG 

Is the clieuuexc and bfxt, 
|.\ Iwy sliiccn years oK 

c:Ul Ba\VlOg9/a<rr:ludfff7.*i/. 

S' 111 n>] tfst trial .^enO 

postal for Tllnstraieii i'at.i!n-iie roniairlne n srimiin- 
ialB and full p;inlciil:ir«, AGENTS WANTED. 
Koaaroh Lightning Saw Co. . 163 Randolph St. , Chicago. 


The Fixtures of a Cheese Factorr 

Three larjre vats, capaiity 10 000 pounds; one weijjhi.ig 
can, one 1'2 acrew prctB, one curd kuile, 45 cheese noope. 
Apply to 

WHEATON & LUHRS, 224 Front St., 8. F. 

Or W. H. WHITE, .SanU Rota, Cal. 


Real Estate Acenu, r,4 Kearuy St , San fraucisco. 
Farms, Fruit and Orchard LaudR, bheep Ilaoches and 
Timber Laud lur sale and exchange .Send stamp fir 
Circu ar. 

Oewey & Co {^^It^'^lf*^} Patent Agts 





To Squirrels. Gopbers, Birds* 
Mice. £to. 

(^BndoTBod by the Onin,{<; and all others who have 
used It 



Pat up In 1 lb , 6 lb., and 5 ^llon tins. Manufactured h 

A. R. BOOTH. Eagle Drug Store 

San Luis Obispo, Cal. 


CJ^ fhremhuute I'tanl'. SI: rnlin. Rotes, hutba, 
Ciimbingriiia, Includmi.- ^okiudHof tlie 
yaa Clematm, a lull u^iifirtiiiont of both ' 
Flovceratid Yrgi M,!- yEF.ns. Aj'pl 
Pear. rii:m. I'rar},. chrrr,,, t.rir 

andallothtrl lit ri s. ,>sI\T 

^ IH OrreulinuKCK. 20tliVear. 

Bf'iutifiUlMtal'j'iuc 0/alout l(Kr}ia3cs,Jrcc, 

The famou! 

12 Hi:.\ITIi l I, 

. ^ i;viT-IUll»lllil!M KO." 

■ Ct'TGr7''l"''x^C^^r 12J'"'"-'-o„,,lJ<,/„./,.,(.,,,.-.lll-,r/„ 

IOC I Othoicc,^^^^|P^i'>iia»*-<-foriJr<yrf;i.yr''," >..■>! iik'gr;, 

■ a' h,l,'..7,.,. /■ ' xafc*^^?^'/7-..^.r S^rd'. 41) S:,r.-,t f)„f „„l~, etc.. 
CyHmiflretlHot otbor Ihuie^ cbeai'; luuuy new and ^ J afr nriivn.1 ffiiaranU- 

frrBybHd Pear, gl .50 
'<'e /'cfir, §1; Cliainpiou 

■fh(M„H', fruit ini- 
ly Lu'.-o, bWLft, 

LiulA ......iiij/.//. 

rr;/. hardy as th'i 

OUJv.r/r '/ prodiic 






Snve Your Fruit Trees by the Use of 


It Makp.s Thre« Machines 

. ThtTHREE COM B I N AT 1 N S.' 

Is the Best Pump in the World. 

Another Ne • Improvement \h 


t'an change from Solid Stiearu to Spray liititiintly. 

I Make a Special Nozzle for Spraying Fruit Trees. 

1I0.\ T FAIL TO U All THIS Sl'LK.M)m OKKK«! 

I will ttend a SHmpl • rump, exprefis pafd, to any expn gta- 
tifn ia iUa V. S. or Oaua^Us for sj.o . Kegiilar retail price. y& 
Weight. 4\ \li Lcng'h. 32 iochen. I also manufacture. 8tp- 
aratc, the 


Squirrel Poison. 

ReasuiiB of its Super iorily: 

1 Squirrels will eat it »ny time In tne 
» oar 

2 It doej not Loee its Stiength by Expoe- 
u e to tae ah-. 

3. It la Cheaper tbun the Farmer ci.n 
manuf cLura it. 

A. J. McLEOD, 

LIverniore, Almneda Co., CAL.IFORNI.\. 


A llinitcd number of Cuttinj^g for aale of the lollowini; 
varieties: .Seedless Sultanas. $7 for I.OCO; Zante« Cur- 
rents, t6 for 1 000, .Muscat of Alexandria. S6 for 1,000; 
delivered on board Oars at Kocklin. 'iho Cuttings are 
warranted tree from Phjlloxcra or any uther diseaaes. 
tVill make cuttings S<) inches lon^ If desired, same price. 
Address: C. P. WtsrOOTT, Kocklin, Placer Co , Cal 


Thr .<i|an(liir<l oT Amerlcii. 

Admittcnl by leading Seclfiiiieu 
aud Market (farUenerd cvt;r>'wber6 
to the nijst pt-ifect and re- 
I lable Driil ju use. Send f<jr circu- 
lar. Mdnufacuned only hy 

EV£R£TT SMALL, Boston, Mass. 

llawUy liros. llu-du-Aru Cu . Sau FjaiiciHjfi, Lai., ami 
KiiApp, liurrutl A; Co , l*orUand, Orugou. A^tutj f J'aciiic 
' ' a«t. 

AGENTS WANTED !iI!^?sTi^„".^'i,'VM 

tlUK 9Iarhiii«i r vor In 

st;'cUn,-s wii.i III : I. 
minutes. It vvlJI 
work for whl. h ■ 
forclmil:ir arnl 

V 111 kn t a p,ilri.| 
< <iT>i]ileU'. tax 
: ot faDcv- 
r;i..-'.it. .'ion.l 
Illy Knltlins 

Volume XXV.] SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 13 1883. [Number 2 




January 13, 1883 


We admit, unendorsed, opitiioDS of cotrespoDdentB.-l 

Home -Making in Shasta County. 

Editors Pkeks;— After an absence of some 
years, we find onrselves again at home in west 
Ban Joaquin. A little more than foar years 
/igo we weje seized with a home- hunting fever, 
desiring to change our place of residence, chit fly 
with a view of finding a locality where we could 
engage in mixed farming, having a great long- 
ing to eat fruits and vegetables of our own 

R sading account s of abundant rain and never- 
failing crops in northern California, and espe- 
cially of good vacant land in Shasta county, the 
idea of securing a Government homestead there 
remained with us, until, in the fall of 1S7S, we 
set our faces northward for the land of our 

With fine weather the trip up the valley was a 
a prolonged pleasure trip. Between Anderson and 
Igo a considerable body of land subject 1 9 home- 
stead was discovered, the alternate sections be- 
longing to the railroad. Although thickly covered 
with brush, we were surprised to find so promising 
a country still vacant, having understood such 
land in California to be very hilly, while much 
of this was level enough to irrigate. Acorns 
and berries seemed to be abundant; horses, cat- 
tle and hogs were running through the woods. 
Wild bees were found in tae trees, and a soil 
that could produce such a variety of shrub and 
tree, presumably capable of raising cultivated 
crops. Indeed, comparing its tall pines and 
tpreiding oaks with the dry plains of Sin Joa- 
quin, where it was such a labor to raise bush or 
tree, it seemed a truly rich and beautiful land. 

Some of your readers may remember former 
articles giving some account of our experiences 
here. B.-ginning at the very 'oundstion of pio- 
neer life, camping on the ground in a tent (a 
family of eight persons), while roads were cut, 
land marks bunted up and a cabin erected, with 
sills and rafters of fragrant young pine trees cut 
but a few fett from the building site. This 
spot, Eo long overlooked, was discovered at 
nearly the time by home-hunters from 
dif}.irent parts of the State, and in the next 
three months many claims were taken and sev- 
eral families located within a few miles of us. 

The autumn was unusually favorableforour en- 
terprise, almost uninterrupted sunshine through 
November and December. Ah, those beautiful, 
nev<»r to be forgotten days, when nature in her 
kindest monds smiled upon us! The breath of 
x,ho snow capped mountains; the autumn tints 
reminding of the glory of our northern forests; 
the voice of the birds and music of the pines; 
visions of graceful deer or lovely mountain 
squirrels; all these are embalmed in memory's 
pages — priceless treasures. And how pleasant 
was winter work; clearing land, burning brush 
piles or gathering around the iSre place of blsz 
iog mac/anita wood, or still brighter pine cones, 
while a good old-fashioned downpour of rain 
pattered on the shakes overhead, or turning up 
and sowing the virgin soil, while imagination 
painted all the possibilities of the untried fu- 

This is the first stage of frontier life. The 
second comes later when you find your well- 
cared-for domestic stock cannot compete with 
the half wild natives in foraging for a living; 
when you Itarn that from some cause there wilt 
be no paying returns from the so'l, and deer, 
rabbits and birds destroy all that was most 
promising, while coyotes decimate the poultry 
yard. Nutwithslanding the d lliculties encoun- 
tered, there has been a steady increase of set- 
tlers, generally of a hieh moral character, 
energy and intelligence. When we remember 
that most of the men were obliged to woik 
away from home much of the time to support 
their families, the advancement seems won- 

There is now rjuite a settlemect, with school 
and postofKce. Those living near the ditch, 
where water could bs cheaply applied, have had 
very good success. Gardens, trees and berries 
grew well without the application of any fer- 
iilizar. Several seedling trees bore excellent 
fruit last year at three years old. The land is 
probably best adapted to fruit and vine cul- 
ture. The ditch spoken of is the Igo mining 
ditch, from which several branches have been 
taken through the country by Cainamen for the 
purpose of mining in the gulches. The mines 
now yield so poorly that very little mining is 
done, and the water company are disposed to 
sell water to the settlers at reasonable rates. 

There is still a considerable area of vacant 
land, more or less broken — say, one-third or 
one-half— that could be "rrigated. There is 
land of this description from ttiree to five miles 
from Anderson, passed by at present for the 
want of water, but with settlers all the way 
between that and the present ditches, much of 
it could be irrigated. 

And here let me remark, that Anderson, al- 
though modest in claiming precedence, evident- 
ly has every advantage for becoming the first 
tjwn in Shasta county, and will no doubt be- 
come such at no distant day. 

Why We Hetumed. 

Not that we had \oht faith in the country did 
we leave our highland home. Having located 
but six miles from Anderson,' upon a section of 
land so level every foot of it could be irrigated, 

we yet found ourselves on the outskirts of the 
settlement, contending alone with difficulties 
rtcjuiring quite an outlay of money or muscle. 
Bjing very limited in both, at the expiration of 
our time we were rather forced to retire, while 
our cherished home awaits a rise in the market, 
or as a possible residence, when our little boys 
are larger. 

As one pait of the State after another is con- 
stantly comiDgt >thefi03*', "^speciiUy the hill land, 
with an unlooked for adaptability for this or that, I 
have no fears that Shasta county will be long 
behind. In traveling down the valley we found 
a family near Ksd Bluff who had settled upon 
Government land in 1877. The land resembled 
our red hill land, except that it was free from 
trees or brush, and must have been a very fair 
quality of soil, as they raised one and one-half 
tons of hay to the acre. 

Needed Inf jrmation. 

The quality of tie soil varies much, even 
where general appearance and native vegetation 
are the same. How mnch faster the country 
would develop were the Government or Immi- 
gration Association to station chemists at con- 
venient places, where the settlers could have 
their soil anal} zed audits adaptabilities and de- 
feutii pointed out before years of time and much 
bard labor had been expended in learning these 
things by experiment. Batter yet would it be 
if each farmer and home-hunter possessed the 
knowledge to widely locate his claim for the 
branch of agriculture he wished to engage in, 
or the farmer's wife, if able to decide the best 
spot and proper fertilizer for orchard, pasture or 
grain field, how well she could afford to leave 
the kitchen to Bridget or John I Moral — More 
practical educations for farmers' sons and daugh- 
ters, even though classics and accomplishments 
be neglected. Mrs. J. M. K. 

Arroyo Valle. 

Editor.'^ Press:— Your agent, Mr. McDjw- 
ell, paid our hills a vis't a short time since, and 
introduced to us the PiTRAL Press. Koih vis- 
itors were well received, and I feel sure before 
another year passes the Pkk'ss will find a place 
in every household in the Arroyo ViUe, for 
no person engaged or intending to engage in vine 
and fruit growing cm afford to be without it. 
Judging from present appearances, these hills 
are destined to become one of the promi- 
nent fruit districts of the State. We have as 
yet only one grape patch and one fruit orchard 
in this locality that have hiea planted long 
enough to show results, but they lor.k so en- 
couraging that everybody is getting ready to 
plant according to his means. 

Mr. K. K. Jordan is our pioneer fruit grower, 
lie planted 550 trees two years ago last spring, 
and the growth they made is really astonishing. 
Some of his almond trees made s x feet growth 
the first year, and at the end of the second year 
some of his apple and' pear trees were four 
inches in diameter. This year Mr. Jordan's ef- 
forts were rewarded by quite a generous crop 
of fruit. He increased his orchard last spring 
to 2,000 trees, and intends adding some vines 
the coming season. 

Other Orchard Planters 

Vacant land to which there is a title is fast 
being bought up. The first purchased in this 
locality for the purpose of fruit growing was 
made last winter by Mr. Frank Jordan, of Oak- 
land. He bought 40 acres of his father, on 
which be has alraady a small orchard. Ha will 
plant 1,5G0 blackberry vines this winter. A 
few months ago he bought another ranch of lUO 
acres, in conjunction with a Mr. Price, also of 
Oikland, the two taking SO acres each. Mr. 
Price will plcnt 1,000 trees this season. A Mr. 
Brooks, another Oakland gentleman, has also 
bought l(iO acres, and will start with 1,500 trees 
this season. Mr. J. W. Hand, also of Oakland, 
has bought 150 acres, on which he will plant 
fruit and vines extensively. Cspf. Crosbie, 
from San Francisco, has purchased another IGU 
acres, and is making active preparations for 
vine planting. None of these parties live here 
as yet, as they are all engaged in business in 
San Francisco and Oakland. Their operations 
have given the vine and fruit interest such a 
stimulus here that every settler is bound to 
plaat all he can this winter. Mr. J. H. Conly 
is having 10 acres cleaned of stumps, and will 
plant vines, trees and currants. Mr. Robert 
Bradsbaw has also 10 acres ready for fruit. Mr. 
Wolfendingen, formerly with Harry Morse, will 
also embark largely in vine growing. 

Publio opinion has changed wonderfully in 
regard t) the value of these hills. Five years 
ago a man who undertook to build himself a 
home in these hills on Government land was 
considered, w^ll, if not exau.l> an idiot, his 
mental capacity was certainly not nted above 
par. When I came to this place, tiirie years 
ago, I stopped with my family at one i f the 
Livermore hotels for dinner. The landlord, 
quite a communicative gentleman, made in- 
quiry as to nvy location. I told him I had 
taken a Government homestead in the Arroyo 
Valle, ten miles southeast of Livermore. "Oh, 
my good man," he said, "who induced yon to 
go into those hilh? Why, a whole section of that 
land would not feed a jick rabbit and a rattle- 
snake. What the sun don't burn up, the squir- 
rels and June bugs will eat up." 

Notwithstanding the gentleman's well-meant 
warning, I made these hills my home. I was 
well satisfied then that the time was not far off 
when there woule be a change of opinion in re- 

gard to the adaptation of this part of the State, 
and the change came sooner than I expected. 
The large vine plantings near Livermore in- 
augurated through the instrumentality of Mr. 
Charles Wetmore, in connection with what we 
can already show here, has convinced skeptics 
that these hills will certainly raise something 
besides squirrels and June-bags. 

J. C. Keene. 

Arroyo Valle, Alameda Co. 

[This is a model letter in the way of local ag- 
ricultural news. Why should not every district 
in the State send us a sketch of its progress? 
Tell us what is being done and who is doing it. 
Ed. Ppe.S8.1 


Editors Press: — As land in this State is ris- 
ing rapidly in value, correct surveys and fixed 
and prominent corners are of great importance. 
There are some great and radical errors in the 
surveys made in San Joaquin valley. The sur- 
veys that have been made lately do not coi re- 
spond with those made by Government survey- 
ors. Whose fault it is I do not know, but I do 
know that two county surveyors last year, start- 
ing from the same corner, diverged six rods in 
about three miles' distance, one running three 
rods west and the other three rods east of an 
old and well-known corner. 

It appears that a party was sent out by the 
U. S. government in early days, and divided the 
valley into townships and ranges. Afterwards 
another party was sent out to subdivide these 
townships into sections, and, having failed to 
find the original township corners, obtained 
leave to re-township the valley, which was 
done, and the sections laid out accordingly. 
The township lines should be run again, and 
prominent stone or .metal corners sLould be 
placed, from which subdivisions could be made. 

These two surveys may account for soma of 
the errors made by snrveyorp, but will not ex- 
plain how two county surveyors, starting from 
a well-known cornsr, can differ six rods in three 
miles. And as there are many such mistakes 
made in this volley, I should judge thatoir 
surveyors do not know the true variation of the 
needle for different longitudes. The variation 
forMountDiablo meridan is given in the bookp, 
and it is probable that this is taken for places 
east and west of that place. The Surveyor- 
General should (if he does not) send ont an- 
nually to each county surveyor a tabulated 
statemint (a'culated for every six miles eait or 
west of Mount Diablo meridian. 

In western Pennsylvania lies the line of no 
variation. Eist of that the needle varies west, 
and west of that it varies east. The vaiiation 
in California is from 16° to 17°, or about 20 
minutes for every liO miles or every 10 town- 
ships. It would not be difficuU to make a 
table of variations which would meet all re- 

Accompanying this table should be a table, 
such as is found in any good work on naviga- 
tion, giving the time eich n'ght in the year 
when the north star his no tzimath, so that 
surveyors could test toe accuracy of their in- 
struments. There is no trouble in this valley 
with locd attraction, hut needles may have de- 
fects from not being r ^jhtly balanced. These two 
tables should cairy a jy surveyor safely through 
wbo can find an old corner for a starting place. 
Farmers do not like to have their lands butch- 
ered up by incompttant survey org, 

S. B. McCoRMiCK. 

Oakdale, Cal. 

SciE.NCE IN Japan, — Scientific men in Japan 
are now discussing the possib lity of util z\d% 
the internal heat of the eai th. At a recent 
meeting of the .S i§mologiCil Sooiity, Mr. Milne 
read a paper in which he faid idoc the fact 
that there was an unlimited supply of energy 
in the interior of the earth had been generally 
overlooked, although portions of it crop out in 
countries like Japan, Iceland and NewZ?aUnd, 
in the form of hot springs, solfataras, volcanos, 
etc. He stated that there is an unlimited supply 
of water in hot springs within a radiui of 100 
miles around Tokio, and that the heat of these 
springs should be converted into an electric cur- 
rent and transmitted to tovi nj and business or 
manufacturing centers. 

Meteoric Hail.stonks.— At the late meeting 
of the British Association, Prof. Schwedoffsaid 
some startling things about hailstones. He 
made mention of one hailst >ne 26 inches in 
diameter, and of another as large as an elephant 
which took three days to melt. He advanced 
novel and startling views on the formation of 
hailstones. He contended that hail, exhibiting 
a regular crystalline form, and not infrequently 
falling from all points of the atmoepbere, is not 
of atmospheric origin, genert ting from moisture 
suddenly in aerial storms, but that the stones 
come from ultra-terrestrial regions, and are, in 
short, aspenes of meteor of cosmic origin. 
Sometimes meteors were an accompaniment of 

Black corn, it is said, has been raised in Liv- 
ingston county, N. Y. It is described as being 
as black as an African, as sweet as sugar, and 
retains all these attributes when cooked. 

Beet Raising. 

Editors Press:— This industry is yet in its 
infancy, but the merits of the crop make it 
pretty certain that ere long it will assume 
vast proportions. As the price of land ad- 
vances and pasturage becomes scarce, men will 
be less content to follow the old method of 
skimming the surface, and will begin to go 
down more into the soil. 

It is well enough for a man to raise hay or 
grain as long as he can sweep the surface of 
several hundred or a thousand acres. For 
though he gets a clear profit of but five or ten 
dollars per acre, still, if he has acres enough, 
he can live, and perhaps grow rich. But when 
a man has only 20 or 40, acres it is evident that 
he can no longer be contett with the small re- 
turns that come from hay or wheat or corn. 
Not that small farmers will stop raising these 
entirely, but they will cease to occupy their 
land wholly or mainly with such things. There 
may be money in a hay crop when raised under 
exceptionally good conditions. I know of a 
farmer near Napa who last year raised eight 
tons of good hay, by weight, from three-quar- 
ters of an acre; at .?10 per ton, net profit, this 
ought to satisfy any man. But the net profit 
from an acre of hay is generally less than $10, 
and this will not pay, especially where a man 
must live from the returns of a few acres. 
Beets per Acre. 

Now, it is generally admitted by those who 
have had experience with beets that they are 
one of the best paying crops that a farmer can 
raise. Twenty-five to 40 tons per acre on good 
land is no unusual thing, while soma claim to 
h«ve grown GO tons of the long red Mangel 
Wurzcel to the acre. 

It is safe to say that three tons of Mangels 
are worth as much as one ton of the best hay 
for feeding Kheep or cattle, and especially for 
feeding milch cows. Any farmer can easily fig- 
ure out how much hay he would have to get 
per acre to mak<? an acre of hay of equal value 
with an acre ol beets. About eight tons of hay 
per acre would be needed, and this is from three 
to four timis above tbe average crop. 

Of course stock must have some hay. But 
when beets are fed in large quantities very lit- 
tle hay is required. Even horses, when not at 
work, will thrive better on half rations of hay 
supplemented with beets than on hay alone. 

Beets for Horres. 

Some may laugh at feeding Mangels to horses, 
but I have been exoerimenting now for four 
years with seven different horses, and I never 
yet found a horse that failed to devour Mangels 
eagerly after a little experience, though few 
horses will eat them much at first. And my 
experience is that the more Mangles they eat, 
he better they look and the healthier they be- 
come. All dry feed is not good for man nor 
beast. Man needs vegetables; so does a hurse. 
No doubt carrots or potatoes are batter horse 
feed than baets, but then they are more costly. 

But this is a>ide from the main question. It 
is not necessary to recommend beets for horse 
feed; their main use and profit is fcund in the 
fattening of hogs and cattle, and as a milk and 
butter producing food for cows. But of this I 
will speak in another article. 

W. C. Damon. 

Napa, Jan. 4, I8S3. 

CtiRioos Fact Concerning Boiliso Water. 
— At a recent Association meeting, Mr. A. J. 
Haddock, A. I. C. , reUtjd the following: A 
kettle tilled with boiling water was hung in the 
bottest room of some Turkish baths, with the 
lid on. The temperature of tbe surrounding air 
was 2()2° Fahr. After about an hour the tem- 
perature of the water was taken, and indicated, 
as was expected, 212°. Tbe kettle was then re- 
hung with the hd off. The temperature of the 
room was now 252°. In 20 minutes the tem- 
perature of the water had fallen to 185°; in 30 
minutes, to 178°; in 45 minutes, to 170', and 
wai evidently still falling. The manager stated 
that it generally fell finally to about 140°, when 
a point of equilibrium seemed to be established, 
and the water neither got hotter nor cooler. 
Mr. Haddock supposes this loss of heat was due 
to rapid vaporization and conversion of the 
sensible heat of the water into tba 
latent heat of steam, and as dry air is a very 
bad conductor of heat (one of tbe worst known), 
the beat required to convert a portion of the 
water into steam had to be abstracted from tbe 
remainder of the water, thus lowerin-r the t;m- 
perature. In substantiation of this explanation, 
we know as a fact that if water is placed in a 
vessel over a large bulk of strong sulphuric 
acid, in the receiver of an air pump, and the air 
is exhausted, the rapid evaporation of one por- 
tion of the water will actually cause the rest to 

"Present evidence," says Prof. Owen, in 
Longman's Maymine, "concurs in coccluding 
that the modes of life and grades of thought of 
the men who have left evidences of their exist- 
ence at the earliest periods, hitherto discovered 
and determined, were such as are now observa- 
ble in 'savages,' or the human races which are 
commonly so called." 


January 13, 1883.1 


The Frait Growers' Convention.* 

Full Reports of Addresses and Discussions. 

[By resolution of the convention, the publication of the 
fall shon-hanJ report of the proceedines of the conveo- 
tion was entrusted to the iPacific Rural Press.— Eds. 
Press. 1 

[continued from last week's rural press.] 
DU cusslon. 

Mr. Dd Long: As the gentleman has signified 
his willingness to answer questions, I would like 
to ask him if there is any material difference 
between selling prices of apricots to-day and 
two years ago ? 

Mr. 6irb9ur: The price this season has been 
higher than two years ago, that is, a year from 
this last season. So far as I know, and I have 
taken a great deal of pains to ascertain, only 
two canners in the State of California claim to 
have made a single dollar. I am free to say to 
the gentleman that our concern sank several 

Mr. De Long: That being the case, the an- 
wer to that question — two years ago you paid 
all the way frum four and a half to six cents for 
apricots, and last year you paid three cents. 
Now, if there is a profit in them at six cents 
isn't there a profit in them at three cents ? 

Mr. Barbour: I will say in reply to that that 
we didn't pay anything like that two years ago. 
I don't know where the gentleman may have 
marketed his fruit, or what he may have got 
for it. The average price paid by the S»n Jose 
Frait Packing Company for its purchases of 
apricot? a year ago this last season was a frac- 
tion over three and a half cents per pound, or 
to be perfectly exact, 3 53-100. 

Mr. De Long: Is it not a fact that in Sin 
Francisco the canners there did pay live and a 
half cents for apricots in lar£;e quantities ? 

Mr. Birbour: I think not. I think some 
purchases were made about that figure, perhaps 
later in the season, but I do not think any can- 
ner's average in Sin Francisco would go above 
four cents. 

Mr. Di Long: Well, they paid four cents. 
The prices you say are higher this year for 
goods canned than two years ago. 

Mr. Barbour: Yes, sir. 

Mr. Dj Long: Now this last year I understand 
the canners paid three cents. Is three cents a 
fair price as between the canners and the grow- 
ers in your estimation ? 

Mr. Birbour: Three cents is a fair price as 
between the canners and the growers, providing 
the growers desire to market no more apricots 
than they have marketed this year. If the 
growers expect the canners to be able to purchase 
two or three or four or five times the quantity 
of apricots that have come to market this year, 
then I say it is an unfair price, and a price you 
will not hd able to get, because the markets to 
which canners must send them will not take 
the quantity at the figure. 

Mr. DdLoog: Then what, in your estimation, 
and what in the estimation of the canners, is a 
fair price? 

Mr. Birbour: You must first indicate the 
quantity that you are going to market. I am 
not complaining of the price of this last year; 
we have made a profit on this last year's bus- 

Mr. Dj Long: Now we are getting an in- 
creased quantity, and what do you consider will 
be the price of the fruit? 

Mr. I?irbour: I balieve that, with the present 
prices of sugar and tin plate and lab3r, that 
three or four times the quantity of apricots 
could be marketed at from one and one-half to 
two cents, say two cents as a maximum price 
for first-chss fruit. I don't believe that quantity^ 
could be marketed for anything about that 

Mr. De Long: la it your idea that two cents 
will be about the price at which apricots will be 
marketed for the quantity that will be laid 
down from the trees that are now set out, say 
for the next five or six year^? 

Mr. Birbour: That would be only a matter of 
individual judgment. That is all 1 could say. 
I could not give an opinion for anybody else. 
My judgment is that two cents, as a maximum 
price for the very best apricots, would be a 
pretty safe thing to figure on for several years 
to come for canners. I think that might be ex- 
pected for the purpose of drying, also. The 
apricot is not confined to canning. It is an ex- 
cellent fruit dried. I tiiink as soon as it is bet- 
ter known than it is at present as a dried arti- 
cle, it will come into very general favor, and 
apricots dried at one and one- half to two cents 
can be very widely distributed. 

Cause of High Prices f jr Sugar. 
Mr. Block: Mr. Barbour has given us some 
information which I think is very useful to us, 
and, having considered that matter, I would 
like to ask him some other questions. Proba- 
bly he will be able to enlighten us for our bene- 
fit. He states to us that we have got to pay 25 
per cent, more for sugar on this coast than they 
have in the East. I have reason to believe that 
Mr. Birbour is correct. Now, I would like to 
know why it is? Here we have the Sandwich 
Islands, and sugar is admitted from there free 

' This report is now being prepared in pamphlet, and 
will make the fullest review of the present situation in 
fruit growinj; in the State, which has thus far been col- 
lected in book form. It will be sent to any address for 
2.5c. a copy. It will be found valuable to keep and to 
send to horticultural friends abroad. Address Dbwey & 
Co., Publishers, 252 Market street. S. F i 

from duty, while in the East they have got to 
pay duty. I would like to know why sugar is 
so much higher here. There is another thing 
that is pointed out to us, that tin plate is so 
much higher. Now. all these things probably 
are mos^ interesting to us. It does interest us. 
If lumbermen git up a combination and raise 
the price of lumber, out of whose pocket does it 
come ? The tin in the same way, and the sugar 
in the same way. Now, are we to bear all of 
it ? If these combinations continue, the proba- 
bility is that hereafter not only will we have to 
pay for cultivating the fruit, but probably we 
may have to pay the canners for taking our 
fruit. Now, I would like to have the gentle- 
man give us an opinion about how far we may 
have to go, and how much we have yet to pay 
to get rid of our fruit ? 

■The President: Will Mr. Barbonr answer the 
question ? 

Mr. Barbour: I will do so with pleasure. I 
presume everybody is somewhat acquainted 
with the sugar market. Everybody knows it is 
a monopoly headed by Mr. Spreckles; every- 
body knows that some sort of a hocus-pocus ar- 
rangement was made by the refiners with the 
Central Pacific Railroad Company, by which 
the freights were raised from one cent a pound 
to two cents on all the Eistern importations. 
That makes a difftirence in itself between the 
present market here and the New York market 
of 20%, and when he can tell me whether Mr. 
Sprecliies will let up on that I can le'l Lim 
whether there is anv chance for reduction on 
the item of sugar. Until that assumes a differ- 
ent shape I can say there is no probability of a 
reduction of the price of sugar. Pron the in- 
formation I could gather the last month in re- 
gard to the sugar business I don't believe that 
we will see the day in California that sugars are 
not 20% more than they are in New York, at 
least for a number of yfa'g. 

Another thing he men*ionp.d in regard to tin 
plate. Tin p'a'^e is produced in Eagland, whtie 
we must all look for our supply, and that is the 
only section of the world where we can get it. 
It ia being produced very close to cost, or in 
many instances below cost, and the result of 
that is that within the last two years there have 
been a number of enormous failures there in ihe 
business of the manufacture of tin plate. Tin 
plate is lower to-day, and has been the whole of 
this last year a good deal lower, than it has 
averagfd the last five or si:: years. It is at bed- 
rook. You ask me, psrhapj, why it is that it is 
a dollar a box higher here than it is in the E xst- 
era market. I reply, if we bring it around the 
Horn we have got to bring it 8,000 milep, and 
we must pay the insurance and interest, and 
also take the risk of sea damage, which adds 
quite a percentage and is another item which 
enters in to advance the cost from a dollar to a 
dollar and a quarter a box more than it is in 
New York and Eastern markets. 

Take the item of labor: I don't see how Wfi 
are likely to have any cheaper labor, and if I 
were to get up here and say it was best to have 
anv cheaper labor you would hear a cry at once 
'"We don't want to introduce any cheaper la- 
bor." We have shut out the Chinese, and I am 
very glad that we have, and I do not see that 
the tendency of the labor market is to go down 
at all. I think rather the reverse. 

We then have sugar, tin plate, labor. The 
only other item of considerable importance be- 
sides fruit is freight. 

Railroad Charges of Freight East. 
As a matter of fact, if freights were consid- 
erably reducsd, of course that would enlarge 
our raa'kets. You all can judge whether that 
is likely to be done about as well as I can. 
If the railroad company see it for their interests 
to reduce freight in order to iricrease the quan- 
tity of fruit to carry, they will do it, but there 
is no immediate prospect of that. I remember 
that in a eonversation with Mr. Stubbs, he said 
last year that the freight on canned goods was aj 
low as it possibly could go. Bat wnether there 
is a reduction in any one of these item?, outside 
of fruit, it seems to me that the principal one 
must come on the fruit, aad I do 
not see at present any ndicatioas of 
any considerable reductions in any other direc- 
tion. The methods of canning are admitted 
by the Eistern canners who have been here to 
be equal if not superior to those in the Eist. 
Taking the experience that has been gained in 
salmon packing, which is a good deal larger in- 
dustry than the fruit canning, I think we 
have "as good machinery and as highly improved 
methods as in any part of the world, and I do 
not see where the reduction necessary to mar- 
ket onr future product is to come from, unless 
on the fruit. I am sorry to have to present 
it in that shape, but that is a fact, but as a mat- 
ter of fact, I believe the fruit will bear such re- 
duction, and still be more remunerative than 
anything else you can get from the land. 


Mr. Jessup: I am very glad Mr. Barbour has 
mentioned the cherries. I have been for several 
years trying to urge the canners to use the black 
cherries, or to force them on the market. They 
have always contended that the black cherry 
would not sell. I have tried to convince them 
that they were only unsalable beciuse they 
would not put them on the market; that the 
Black Tartarian and the Biggareau were far 
better cherries than the Royal Ann, and that 
the only objection to them was the color. Of 
course the Eastern people and the Eastern mar- 
ket were in the habit of using something that 
looked fine on the table, even if it lacked in 
quality. I am glad to say that the canners have, 
through my persuasion, in a great measure fal- 

len on to that item. I was advised to cut down 
my black cherries and plant others; but I still 
had faith to believe that they would finally be 
used extensively. 

f^Oanning Plums. _ 
I would like to ask Mr. Barbour in reference 
to the plum. He has given very intelligent rea- 
sons for the non-keeping qualities of the plum, 
that if it were cooked sufficiently to keep from 
fermentation from the pit injuring the pulp of 
the fruit, or if cooked enough to cook the pit 
that the fruit is cooked to pieces. I would like to 
ask if he has ever tried the pitting of the plums, 
the same as he has the apricot and the peach; 
why that wouldn't be a good practice to adopt 
to encourage the growth of very large freestone 
plums, and to treat them the same as he does 
the apricots; whether it would not be a better 
plan ? 

Mr. Birbour: I would say in regard to this 
whole matter of the swelling of plums and the 
reason for it, it is a very obscure problem. It 
is a thing that all canners have experimented 
on and investigated and tried to get at the bot- 
tom facts of, and, at the same time, they were 
very largely in the dark, and it is a great ques- 
tion whether pitting them or taking out the 
pits would prevent that swelling. Now, two 
or three years ago, we made a number of experi- 
ments in that direction, and we found that the 
swelling was just about as bad with those that 
were pitted as those that were not p'ttad. An- 
other thing is, that if it is pitted it goes all to 
pieces. It knocks it to pieces very badly. To 
break the skin, to take the pit ou*', and even if 
that objection didn't obtain, the puffing or swell- 
ing does not seem to be obviated by the pitting 
— the principle of fermentation. Tflere is a 
great deal of difference of opinion in regard to 
what makes it and what is at the butt om of it. 

Mr. Jessup: I desiie to say a few words more; 
that I fully agree with Mr. Barbour in refer- 
ence to the price of fruits, that the law of sup- 
ply and demand must determine the prices 
those fruits will sell for. I have wnt en a 
good many articles — some for the Rural Press, 
in which I hav« mentioned that "we have the 
world for a market." These conclusions were 
drawn upon the hypothesis that we complied 
with thoje conditions, and conform the price to 
the market. And I think — although I have 
been censured for exptessing these views— that 
we can afford to sell fruit for less than we have 
been selling it for. We mutt keep to a stand- 
ard of our Iruit, as canners must keep up t > the 
standard; and the men who neglect their in- 
sects; who neglect to prune their o chard?, or 
to thin out the fruit, would t'len know what is 
the difference between fruit which ruas 20 to 
the pound and 10 or 8 to the pound. Let 
the standard in every variety of fruit be de- 
scribed as so many to a pound. For the yellow 
egg plum there should be six to the pound, 
the Columbia seven to the pound, and others 
may go up to sixteen to the pound, etc.; then 
we will know what we are doing and a 
man can know whetherj he can sell fruit or not. 
He will know whether the canners will accept 
it or not. As to the prices for fruit, I main- 
tain that there is no reason why a man owning 
so many acres of land, planting it to grain un- 
der the most favorable circumstances as to cli- 
mate, soil and market, should clear $45 an acre, 
and his neighbor right alongside, planting 
the same character of land, giving it the same 
attention and planting it in fruit, should clear 
from $S00 to $1,000 an acre. I say, gentlemen, 
there is no reason in it. You can fiud, no 
doubt, many that if they make $45 an acre they 
afe doing well, and make money at it. Why 
can't the fruit men do the same thing ? Of 
course it is more expensive to handle a crop of 
fruit, and there is more liability to loss, but I 
say one man has no right to expect a profit so 
far above the average of agriculture. 

Mr. Wheeler, of San Fraucisco: Possibly my 
experience has been more varied than any man 
this season in regard to canning fruit. I 
will agree with Mr. Barbour in saying that the 
canneries located in the city of San Francisco 
cannot pay high prices for their fruit; and I 
will say again that our canned fruit, to come 
into universal use, must be put at a lower figure. 
Our canneries in San Francisco are taxing 
the consumer from 20 to 25% more than they 
should be taxed. If you propose to introduce 
canned peaches among the multitude, if you 
propose to have your peach crop taken among 
the people, you must bring it down to a price 
the people can take it at. You must not make 
a can of peaches a luxury, you must make it a 
necessity. Now, how are you going to do it ? 
The fruit grower and the canner must discuss 
the question. The fruit grower must start in 
and begin to economize and systematize his bus- 
iness. In all my experieuce, traveling among 
the fruit growers this year, I found but one man 
who kept a regular system of books and could 
tell me back what his orchard has done for five 
years past, and that man can make money at 
two cents a pound for his fruit, where the gen- 
tlemen who won't keep a system of books can't 
do it at four. 

On motion, the report for the Committee on 
Packers was received and made a pait of the 
proceedings of the Convention. 

Thanks to the Facult? of the Normal 

Mr. Jessup offered the following, which wa!) 

Jtfsiilvril, That the thanks of this convention be and 
are hereby tendered to I'roSanK''. Allen, of the State Nor- 
mal School, and liis assuciate Profcsnors for their cordial 
reception at tlio institution under their charge. 

The Dried Fruit Interest. 
Mr. E. Hayden, of San Francisco, presented 
the following paper on Dried Fruit, which waa 
ordered to take the course usual with such pa- 

Mr. President and Mfmhers of the Horticul- 
tural C'onvenlion:~The dried fruit interest is 
one of the most important ti fruit growers, and 
one that is least understood. The drying and 
packing of fruit, and the kinds that should be 
dried, are all matters that you should be ac- 
quainted with. In the first place, care should 
be taken to see that the fruit is ripe, and that 
it is not too ripe. Decayed fruit will not do; 
neither will green, hard, scabby or wormy fruit 
make good dried fruit. You should always 
bear in mind that this fruit is not going to be 
used at home, but in some instances it will be 
used many thousand miles from where it is 
dried, and the cost of transportation, added to 
the first cost of the fruit, will make it a luxury, 
and as a luxury it must be good, or it will not 
sell at remunerative prices. 

The amount of money received from the sale of 
dried fruits is fully equal to the amount paid to 
you by the associated canners. \ou must remem- 
ber that when you sell one pound of dried 
fruit you are selling five poinds of green, and 
when we ship one carload of dried peaches it is an 
equivalent to about six carloads of green fruit. 
The entire pack of the fruit canners of San Fran- 
cisco in 1881 did not amount to more than 200,- 
000 baskets of peaches, or 250 carloads, which, 
if the fruit had been dried, would have made 
about 42 carloads; and I know that the dried 
fruit firm that I represent sold in that year 
more than that amount of dried peaches. I do 
not say this to detract from or in j ure in any way 
thecanningindustry ; itis only to open your eyes 
to the fact that drying good fruit is as profit- 
able to you as selling it green to be put up into 
cans. The sale of dried fruits amounts to-day 
to over $2,000,000. These figures may seem 
large to you, but if you will stop to think that 
the raisin crop will this year amount to nearly 
•200,000 boxes, and, at an average price of 
$2,124 per box, the amount received will be 
$500,000, which is one-fourth of the amount I 
have stated, you will not be surprised. I ask 
you is this to be encouraged? Is it an industry 
worthy of your consideration? If it is, we ask 
tha*^^ you will produce such a quality of fruit as 
shall make the present demand increase ten- 
fold. The world is our market, and it is through 
the enterprise of our mercban''R that this great 
trade has been brought to the Pacific slope. 

We ^ad statements yesterday that some ap- 
ples had been sold in the San Francisco market 
as low as 20 cents per box. If those apples had 
been dried in a proper manner thev would have 
netted the producer not less than 40 cents clear 
of all expenser, and kept out of the market a 
surplus that had only a tendency to keep down 
the price of good apples. You have on exhibi- 
tion in the next room some samples of dried 
fruits that are a credit not only to the producer 
but to the State. Why not follow his exa:Ti- 
pie? His motto is: "Put up nothing to sell that 
is not first-class, and what you do put up, see 
iihat it is in shape to meet the requirements 
of the trade." 

First, a regular-sized box of uniform weight, 
well packed, with the top layer surfaced; sec- 
ond, each kind or variety by itself- -no mixing 
two or more kinds together. Those who intend 
drying fruit will do well to observe the fruits I 
have mentioned, and take particular notice of 
the way it is packed. 

I would call the attention of all parties to the 
new method of preparing fruits that are intend- 
ed for drying. All fruits, when they have been 
dried, should present the appearance of fresh 
fruit. This can be done in a simple and cheap 
manner, and the result is a large increased de- 
mand for our product. When fruit of any kind 
is prepared for the dryer, it should be placed on 
the tray as soon as possible after it has been hull- 
ed or stoned. It should then be placed in a tight 
box, say from 12 to 18 inches high (12 inches 
would do if only one tray was used at a time, 
but the box would need to be higher if more 
than one tray was used), and a teaspoonful of 
burning sulphur placed under the tray and al- 
lowed to remain there for four or five minutes. 
(The sulphur should be put into a pan contain- 
ing hot coals). This is all that is necessary to 
be done. A'.ter you have allowed the fruit to 
remain in the box four or five minutes you then 
take it out and place it in the dryer, or if you 
are drying in the sun, take it from the tray 
and place it on your boards to dry. 

The object of this process is: First— The 
fruit is clean and retains its original color and 
has the appearance of fresh fruit. Second — It 
is less likely to contain worms, the odor of the 
sulphur driving the insects away so that they 
will not lay their eggs on the fruit. Third— 
The action of the sulphur on the fruitcloses the 
pores of the fruit, stopping the excretion, and 
thereby adding to its weight. It is concluded 
by all that the nearer we come to the natural 
condition of all fruits, both in color and taste, 
the sooner wo will arrive at perfection in our 
undertaking and make increased demands for 
our products. 

I have traveled several thousand miles tor the 
purpose of giving the people of Oregon and 
Washington Territory instructions how to dry 
their apple crops. In Oregon large quantities 
of apples are raised, and there being uo outlet 
for their green fruit, the producers are compelled 
to dry them. California is not able to supply 
the demand that exists to-day; we are com- 
pelled to seek for our supplies from our neigh- 
bor State. And now we ask you if you will 
(Continued on Paob 30.) 


p>AeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 

[January 13, 1883 

Corraspondeuee on Grange prlndplea and work and re- 
ports of (raoiwctionsof BubonlinateOnugwure respectfuU; 
solicited for this department. 

What I Saw at the National Grange. 

[Written for tlie Rcral Prbss bv Sisibr E. S Joiisston. 

The National Grange we all look to for ex 
ampies, and that i8 the place to get them, if all 
aeesioQS are like the one that I attended in In- 
dianapolis in 1S82. On the first day the Grange 
did not open its doors to fifth degree members, 
until it had some little talk or family chat, in 
the sixth degree, which those that had climbed 
no higher than the fifth degree were not per- 
mitted to enjoy, but we waited patiently about 
till the gatekeeper was allowed to admit us. 
We were not long in giving the proper signals, 
and were admitted. Then for the first time I 
had an inside view of the National Grange. 
They were at work in appointing committees 
for the advancement and convenience of the 
work. There were a grea'. many to be ap- 
pointed, and it tjok some time to make selec- 
tions suitable for the work to come before them. 
When the time arrived a recess was taken for 
refreshments, but all seemed more anxious to 
have a social chat than to go to dinner. Most 
of them had met before and the few, who were 
strangers were introduced to the old 
members and were warmly welcomed. The 

Unity of the Grange 
Was manifest to its fullest extent. All seemed 
to fully realize that they are brothers and sis- 
ters coming from far dii t int homes to work in 
one grand and good cause. Our delegates from 
California, Daniel Flint and wife, seemed to be 
familiar with the most of the other members, 
and they were warmly received. They took 
care to introduce me to all. 

To me a visit to the National Grange waa a 
very great treat and long to be remembered. 
I taw and heard the warm and happy greetings 
toward each other from men and women gath- 
ered from Maine to Georgia and from Oregon to 
Texas. All met with one common object in 
view, that of the advancement of the farm and 
farm life, and to discuss the advantages gained 
by a perfect organisation and co-operation. The 
brotherly love and warm esteem that^ each 
seemed to feel for each other was truly great. 
There were a few present that had never been 
delegates before, and this was their first meet- 
ing in the National Grange, but they did not 
long remain strangers. I was much surprised to 
see people from so many differett States, with 
such dift'erent surroundings, different education, 
politics and religions and social atliliations all so 
thoroughly united in the grand work that called 
them together. I expected to see more cold- 
ness and estrangement ,from people gathered 
from all over these United States. Concord 
sometimes seems more in name than anything 
else, but here it was really manifest that there 
was a Union, and that it can truly be regarded 
as characteristic of the United States, the best 
and bapp'est country in the world. 

After a season spent in happy greetings, all 
moved in a body to our hctal. Including visit- 
ors there were 2.^0 or more perhaps, all at one 
hotel, which made quite a respectable appear- 
ance as they passed up Washington street to 
the Grand hotel. Dinner over, all returned to 
the work they felt so deep an interest in. I 
thought what a good thing it would be if all 
farmers, their wivee, their sons and theirdaugh- 
ters, could see what a deep interest the work- 
ers in the Grange are taking in their behalf for 
their elevation and improvement, mentally, 
morally and financially. There certainly would 
not be so many who are perfectly inditT^rcnt to- 
wards the Grange movement. 

When the committees were appointed, each 
had its work assigned. There were no idlers in 
the family. Then came the officers' reporte. 
They were all good, especially that of Worthy 
Master Woodman. It would be good for every 
farmer in the land to read it. 

On the first evening there was an open meet- 
ing. Governor Porter delivered an address of 
welcome in behalf of the State and city. He 
spoke of the agricultural interests of Indiana, 
also the manufacturing and mining interests. 
He gave the number of people exployed in 
each, and showed that the number engaged in 
agriculture greatly exceeded both the others. 
He gave them many encouragiog words in re 
gard to their work as far as he, an outside 
party, could understand it. He did not fail to 
see the position of women in the Order; he said 
that was a step in the right direction. He said 
there were things connected with the farmers' 
home, the economy and management of the 
farm and household comforts, in which woman's 
aid was indispensible. He also spoke of wo- 
men's work as of institutes of chanty, of the re- 
formatory for unfortunate women in their city, 
managed and controlled by women alone, and 
gave the Grange a pressing invitation to visit it; 
and some of us did. 

B; other Eshbaugh, of Mitsonri, replied in be- 
half of the Grange; Brother Mitchell in behalf 
of the State Grange of Indiana; Brother Brig- 
ham, State Senator of Ohio, replied fo the wel- 
come of Indiana, and Sister Bristol, of New 
Jersey, responded to that portion of the addrets 
pertaining to women, and recited an original 
poem called | "When This Old World is 

Brother Hilbron, Past Master of the Canadian 
Dsminion Grange, was called on and responded 
in a few brief remarks. He said the fraternity 
knew no national bounds. He spoke of the 
prospects of the Grange in Canada, and thanked 
the Governor for his kindly welcome. 

Brother Whitney, of the Cincinnati Grange 
Bulletin, was called on. He said the Grange 
taught the farmer to do his own thinking; it 
made the farmer responsible for the education 
of his children. He said the reports of the 
superintendents of public schools showed that 
I'i,^ of all the children lived outside the cities, 
and their education depended on the farmer, 
showing the importance of their being carefully 
and properly educated. Then we would have 
a different state of society. He spoke also of 
the advantages gained by the Grange organiza- 

Brother Blanton, of \'irginia, was called on. 
He evidertly understood the position of the 
farmer as well as that of the politician, and 
caused much merriment with his droll remarks. 
After a song, adjournment was in order, and 
one day's work was done. 

Second Day. 

On the second day the regular Ci range work 
was gene through with, and the work, each in 
its order, passed into the hands of the commit- 
tees who were previously appointed for that 

In the evening the sixth degree was conferred 
on a class of over two hundred; among them 
were many young men and women. 'This I 
thought really was the brightest part of all, and 
showed they had had some education in the 
right direction. They certainly were not all 
there out of more curiosity. When more of 
our young people take hold of the work in earn- 
est the Grange will move grandly on. This 
was the largest class that ever took the sixth 
degree. The room was large, yet there was 
not room to confer any degree lu all its beauty 
and impressiveneas on so large a class. Much 
of the work had to be dispensed with, and was 
given by explanation. The impressions must 
ceitninly be more lasting where the worl: can 
be carried out in a correct manner, showing all 
its beauty; but. however, we were ready to 
take a sest when we were permitted. Worthy 
Mister Woodman is certainly the right man in 
the right place: he thoroughly understands his 
position, and fills it admirably. 

Third Day 

Oi the third day reports of delegates were 
called for and heard as far as time would per- 
mit. Most of them were encouraging, but there 
were some clouds thrown in with the sunshine 
But taking all together, the prospects are very 

By this time some of the committees were 
ready to report. Ttien came discussions in which 
men and women were tried, but the same feel- 
ing of respect characterized all their words and 
actions in their varied views and opinions. Kich 
one made his speech as though he meant it, yet 
in 80 kindly a way that no one felt wounded to 
any extent, and all passed smoothly by, several 
sessions being used in this way. 

Sixth Day. 

On the sixth day an invitation was received 
for the Grange to appoint a committee to be 
present at an agricultural meeting to be held at 
Washington in January, ISS3. This brought 
up a discussion that was earnestly argued jiro 
and con. Some thought best to ignore it alto- 
gether, while some thought there was but one 
way to dispose of it, and that was to receive it 
and act upon it. It was decided in the latter 
way by a large majority, which was certainly 
correct, and the committee was appointed. 

1! jports of committees was continued to be 
acted upon through the seventh day. On the 
eighth day an hour was sec apart for the mem- 
orial services of the late Sister Luce, of Michi- 
gan, whose husband and daughter were present, 
many o' the brothers and sisters taking part in 
words of cjmfjrt co the bereaved ones. 

In the deliberations the sisters were more in- 
clined to be attentive listeners and be enter- 
tained than to entertain; but they are comiog 
to the front, and when tney get Jthe education 
they are coustantly seeking, they will fill their 
proper position, and woman will be what she 
was designed to be, a true helpmate to man. 

This day closed the work of vhe (iraoge, 
though there was a meeting to be held on tne 
ninth day to finish anything that might come 
up, and close the Grange, to meet nexc year at 
Washington, the national capital. 


At Hayward.s. — January (i.h Temescal 
Grange accepted the invitation of Eden Grange 
for jiint installation of officers at Hay wards on 
the 13tb, and Temescalitea are expected toturo 
out in round numbers, as ttity well know the 
hearty hospitality of Elen Graug-» on such oc- 
casions. Mrs. Kelsey received tbe sfcind and 
third degrees in the hall on the 6jb, and the 
fourth degree at a special meeting at the resi- 
dence of 'Treasurer L. Frink, on the 11 th. 

"National Grange Choir." — The new 
Grange song books, called "Nat.onal Grange 
Choir," containing many new songs with the 
music, have been ordered and received by 
Temescal Grange. It is thought they will be a 
very desirable help on various Grange oecasi job. 
The cost io ?4 per dczm, post paid. Tdey are 
bound m stitl' cloth covers, and are more than 
three times the bulk of the old songsters. They 
Gin be ordered of Wm. M. Ireland, Secretary of 
National Grange, Waabingt-on, D. C. 

Election of Officers. 

[Stcretarics are requested to send further reports and 

ScTTER Grange — Amador County. — Edmond 
Andrews, ,M. ; C. Henderson, 0.; Joseph 
Dooly, T,.; George Styles. C. ; George Richards, 
A. S.; Miss Milliken, S.; W. T. McKindley, T.; 
Mrs. E. McKindley, Sec'y; Wm. Strickland' 
G. K.; M iss Sarah McKindley, Pomona; Miss 
Ellen Styles, Flora; Miss Georgia Post, Ceres; 
Mrs. E. Farmer, L. A. S. 

American River Grange — Sacramento 
County.— W. H. Criswell, M.; D. C. Kilgore, 
0.; W. Brian, T.; I. Harris, L.; Miss Ella Kil- 
gore, C; N. Lanrenson, S. ; 0. Kilgore, A. S.; 
Miss Etta Cornell, L. A. S.; Miss Martha Cris- 
well, Pomona; Miss Sislia Co-^nell, Ceres; Miss 
Liza StrudruB, Flora; R. F. Wight, Sec'y; 
Clarence Taylor, G. K. 

Gra.«s Valley Grance — Nevada Co. — A. J. 
Peterson, W. M.; J. W. Stewart, O.; Samuel 
Alderman, L.; C. Mill, S.; J. W, Da Golia, A. 
S.; Richard WUliams, C. ; Albert Matteson, T, 
Alexander Henderson, Sec'y; H. G. Laeman 
G..K.; Mrs. H. A. De Golia, Pomona; Mrs 
Lydia Matteson, Ceres; Miss Jenny Hales, L. 
A. S. ; Miss Annie Mansan, Flora. 

Clarksville (j range— El Dorado Co. — John 

F. York, W. M.; Joseph Joeger, VV. 0.; John 
Lorain, L ; John U. Tong, S. ; James T. Mdler, 

A. S.;EffieE Winchell, C; George Carsten 
T. ; S»muel Kyburz, Sec; C. Carsten, G. K., 
Mrs. Rebecca S. Kyburz, Ceres; Mrs. Nettie 
Jtaapman, Pomona; Mrs. Clara Euer, Flora; 
Mrs. Mary E. Parker, L. A. S.; Trustee for the 
next three years, Charles T. Winchell. Installa 
tion of ofiicers will take p'ace on the Gch of 
Jitnnary next. 

San Jose Grange— Santa Clara Co.— I. A 
Wilcox, M. ; H. Pomeroy, O. ; N. J. Haines, 
L ; W. H. Gilmore, S. ; Jas. K. Holland, A. S 
M. Hale, C; W. L. Manly, T.; H. G. Keesling 

G. K. ; Cyrus Jones, Sec'y; Mrs. M. H»le, 
Ceres; Mrs. I. A. Wilcox, Pomona; Mrc K.izi 
beth Wiilett, Flora; Miss Joai Settle LAS 
J. R. Waller, P. G. Keith and W. C. Kings 
bury, Trutties. 

Washington Grange — Calaveras Co.— N. 
Dill, M.; Mrs. A. E. BIyther, 0.; Mrs. R. S 
Pardee, L.; S. W. Sol.'ars, S ; J. Giles, A. S. 
J. Northup, C; J. C. Blythsr, T.; C. Bamett, 
Sec. ; H. C. Little, G. K ; Miss Maggie Esmond, 
Pomona; Mrs. Jennie Cbilds. Cerns; Miss Silvia 
Northup, Elora; Mrs. R. L. Giles, L. A. S ; W. 

B. Stamper, Truitee; Mies Jjsie Stamper, Or 

STCck-TON Grangers' Feast and Installa- 
tion. — The annual banquet of Stockton Grange 
Patrons of Husbandry, held ia Good Templars 
hall, Saturday, Jan. 6ch, was largely attended 
by members of the O.-der, and proved to be of 
a most interesting nature to all. The morning 
session was consumed in conferring tbe third 
and fourth degrees on a class of seven. At noon 
the harvest feast was spread, and it was a feast 
indeed, for the tables fairly trembled under their 
load of farm products, by the well-trained hands 
of the sisters. — I ndependtnl. 

Annual Meeting, Grangers* Bank. 

The annual meeting of the stockholders of 
the Grangers' Bank was held on January 9ih. 
The meeting was harmonious and pleasant. 
Tbe old Board of D. rectors was unanimously 
re elected as follows: John L'^welling, A. D 
Lo?an, C. J. Cressy, I. C. Steele, Uriah Wood 
T. E Tynan, J. C. Merrytield, J. H. Gardiner, 
Thos. McCoonel, H. M. L Rue and Senec* 
Ewer. Tne following officers were also re- 
elected: President, John Le welling; Vico Presi- 
dent, A. D. Logan; Cashier and Manager, A. 
Montpelier; Secretary, F. Mc.Mullen. 

A dividend of eight and one-hilf per cent, 
on the capital stock was earned, the Directors 
declaring a ca^h dividendfof r'x per cent, to the 
ttickholders, eq'iil to three d >llars per share, 
payable immediately and tw ' ind one half per 
cent, carried to tbe Reserve V^nd. 

The Granges. — The annual meetings of near- 
ly all the State Granges of Patrons of Husband- 
ry have been held. From the reports of pro- 
ceedings that find their way into the c3lumo8 
of the local press and from conversation With 
prominent members in different States, we con- 
clude that, as a general thing, the Order is in a 
prosperous and healthy condition. The increase 
of membership has not been large, but theO.-der 
has settled down to earnest work; the work of 
elevating the standard of general iotelligance 
and the promotion of the material interesti of 
members and all agriculturist i. Ia many ca^es 
qaestioos of grave public interest have been dis- 
cassed with earnestness and intelligence, and 
the resolutions on public matters have been ju- 
dicious, statesmanlike and patriotic. The 
Granges have favored a revision of the patett 
laws, the teaching of the rudiments of agricul- 
ture in the public schools, the enoonragement 
of purely agricultural scho:>l8 and colleges, C3- 
operation v^ith other agricultural organizitions, 
the repression, by legislative actj, of monopo 
lies, a reduciion of taxation, the appointment 
of a Secretary of Agriculture to be chief of the 
Department of Agriculture and a cabinet officer, 
and other necessary and wholesome measure-'. 
Altogether the Graage year hss been an impor- 
tant and profitable one to the country. — Farm- 
er's Review. 

Saticoy Grange.— a meeting of the Saticoy 
Grange is called for Saturday, January 20th, at 
the school house, at 1 o'clock, for the purpose 
of dissolving the organiz»tion and deciding on 
the final disposition of the fnnds on hand. As 
this meeting is to be decisive it is desirable that 
all persons interested shall be on hand. After 
which it is proposed to consider the feasibility 
of organizing a county buBiness association to 
be operated on Grange principles.— Amanda 
Baker, Sec, Saticoy, January 2, 188.3. 




The Late Uais. —C'alijornian, Jan. 6: J. S. 
Riwlins arrived here on the 3 J inst. from San 
Luis Obispo county. He brought with him into 
the limits of the county about 5.000 sheep. He 
describes the late rains in the direction from 
which he came as abundant, thoroughly soak- 
ing the ground, and states that they extended 
in this direction as far as the western limits of 
the Baena Vista swamp. 

Editors— Los Angeles county has re- 
ceived her share of good times during the year 
now about closed. Real estate has changed 
hands considerably, and too at a high figure; 
but from sales made in and around the bay 
connties, we are giving better bargains than our 
neighbors of the north. Money seems to be 
plenty with us. Business is rat'ier brisk. 
There are more new wagons with new harness 
hauling lumber about. Nearly every one is 
building more or less. Pruning has commenced. 
On many of our large ranches much grain has 
been already put in. Some have slacked up to 
see what time will bi-ing in the way of raic; 
others again feel buoyanr, and are going right 
ahead; but really it requires considerable faith 
to 80W grain in a country where clouds of dust 
rise after the harrow, as with our farms at 
present. Our sheep industry is in the most anx- 
ious position. Tois year's supply of grass waa 
somewhat short, and unless rain comes soon, 
many flocks will sufiTer. However, this is the 
usual routine. January often finds us very un- 
easy and unsettled; eo we have to take mattirs 
as they are, and not as we might wish they 
were. When southern California gets ready, 
and fills up the great Death valley basin with 
salt water from the Gulf of California (a small 
jab), then, and not until then, will we have 
none of those withering winds which are abont 
our only great drawback. Many of our citizens 
who are conversant with the country between 
the Sierra Madre and the Colorado river have 
expressed a desire to see water let into this 
great chasm. But who is to do it ? Moreover, 
what would we do with our railroad out there, 
that lies more than 300 ft. below salt water 
level. They would make an awfnl fuss abont 
i". I expect. I wonder if Stanford would talk 
of ripd'-lan ri-jhls if we were to flood his rail- 
road out on the desert. Some of our farmers 
are getting a little mistrustful that putting out 
more vines is getting too many eggs in one bas- 
ket, especially since so many favorable reports 
of success with the vine in many different lo- 
calities in Africa. Qaeer to suggest that Africa 
should be yet our rival in grape culture. But 
all our eggs in one basket is the American style. 
I think like friend Owen, "don't forget the ap- 
ple;" but then we will have to wait for an apple 
boom. We have had our orange boom; now 
the grape boom is on, and the hop boom. Well, 
when we boom and *Mtv.'e</, we are a svrcesi; 
but when we boom and don't hit it, then we 
ain't a tuccej*^, are we? That is bnainess. P. S. 
This late getting off to the cilice; so that 
now 'tis January 2, 1SS3, and we have had a 
ffne laia, and everything is lovelv in old Los 
Angeles.- George Kay Miller, Fulton Wells, 
L'>B Angeles Co. 

Imported Stock. — Times: A carload of thor- 
oughbred Holtt'io, Ayrshire and Jersey cittle, 
shipped by Mr. William Niles from the East to 
his stock raLch here, arrived last Saturday. 
He personally Kclected the stock from the best 
herds in the East. Some thoroughbred poultry 
and several fine short-nosed, dish-faced pigi of 
the B.rkshire breed also arrived tt the same 
time. The stock all arrived in excellent condi- 
tion, a man having accompanied them to attend 
to their wants. 

Planting Geape Cdttings. — Report of meet- 
ing of Napa Grape Grower's Association : A 
general discussion followed of the methods em- 
ployed in planting cuttings. Leonard Coats 
thouijht cuttings were generally planted too 
leeep: he caid that when placed in the ground 
to the liepth of from 12 to IS inches they 
reached so wet a soil thst their growth was con- 
siderably checked; he deemed it advisable to 
plant but from S to 10 inches deep in such 
cases; instead of having weak roots along the 
stock there would be strong, healthy ones at 
the foot. M. M. E^tee said that in northern 
California cu clings of the length of three and 
one-half feet were used; long trenches were 
dug to the depth of about a foot and the cat- 
ting bent and allowed to sprout above the 
ground about three inches. By this method the 
cutting received the benefit of a dry soil and a 
large portion of it served as a parent for the 
roots. A general difoussion followed regarding 
he most adviiab'e time for planting cuttings. 
This interchanging of ideas led to tbe conclusion 
that the best time for such planting was during 
March or April, 

January 13, 1883. i 

fAeiFie F^URAL f RESS. 


Editors Press: — We had a grand fall of rain 
Monday night and nearly all day Tuesday, It 
came down heavily, relieving many despondent 
ranchers. All are now jubilant. Although 
the last rains were not two weeks since, it 
needed about one inch more. Every farmer 
considers himself safe.— M. J. O'Byrne, San 
Lais Obispo. 

Editors Press:— A happy New Year to ed- 
itors and readers of the good Rural Press. 
The glorious rain is coming down good at last. 
We had about half an inch the first of Novem- 
ber, when some of us sowed barley, a little of 
which came up; but, in the long dry spell suc- 
ceeding, nearly died out. But now it will take 
on a new lease of life, and despairing farmers 
will rejoice. At the upper end of the county 
some two and a half inches of rain had fallen, 
and feed was plenty; but the rains had slighted 
us till we feared another dry year. Now again 
we live in hope. — S. P. Snow, Santi B.irbara. 


Agricoltural Society. — The follovring new 
o£Bcers of Santa Clara Counvy Agricultural So- 
ciety were elected at the aonual meeting last 
Thursday: J. H. M. Towns* nl. President; Di- 
rectors, Wm. Quinn, Rush McCjmas, John 
Trimble and Geo, N. Rutherford. 

HoRTicuLTDRAL SOCIETY — The regular meet- 
ing of the Santa Clara County Hi)rticnltural 
Society was held this afternoon. Dr. Chapin, the 
President, in the chair. John Britton, of a 
special committee appointed to secure a room in 
which the meetings can be held, reported that 
room 30, Martin's block, can be had. The re- 
port was adopted. Mr. Geigherread a valuable 
paper on "The Gopher, and How to Get Rid of 
It." It was announced that at the next meet 
ing John Britton will read a naper on "The Cul 
tivation of the Orchard." Dr. Cbapin read a 
letter from Prof. Dwindle, of Bdrkeley, point 
ing out the necessity for strict quarantine laws 
The committee having in charge the finances 
of the State Horticultural C mvention reported 
collections amounting to $397. 82. It was re. 
ported that Mr. V^estal has some $.5 in addition 
to the reported collections. 

Cloverdale. — Editor.s Press: — Perhaps i 
few lines from Cloverdale might not bs amiss 
We are having one of the nicest winters we ever 
had in this pait. Grass was as good in Novem- 
ber as it was last year in March. We have 
only had about 10 nights of frost all winter. 
The snow storm of S»n Francisco only reached 
about two miles above Cloverdale. Sheep that 
were in light condition in September are, many 
of them, good mutton now. Cattle have done 
well all winter. There is quite a boom here 
in vine and tree planting. Vineyard land, I 
think, has advanced 100% in two years, and 
if grapes keep up, in a few years we will have 
to send to the lower part of the country for 
our hay. One big advantage is we never have 
our vines frosted in the spring. — I. G. H. 


The Prospects. — Modesto ^TeraW: Last Sat 
nrday we took occasion to interview a number 
of our prominent farmers concerning the state 
of the crops and the probable result) which 
would flow from a protracted drouth, and all 
with the exception of one, gave it as their opin 
ion that grain was not suffering at all, and that 
there was moisture just beneath the surface 
sufficient to supply the growing crops for two or 
three weeks. During the latter days before the 
snow and rain, those of our farmers who had 
not already sold their grain, took advantage of 
the rise in prices and realized, and they are just 
as happy now over the event as they can be 
There is but little wheat now in store unsold 
and the prospects for a good crop fills the meas 
ure of happiness, in a business point of view 
plumb full. Our citizens on the west side are 
no less joyful than those on the east side. 
With 5.50 inches of rain already in the ground 
this season, and the new year only just com- 
menced, there is every reason to hope for a 
bountiful harvest next time. We have the evi- 
dence of one practical farmer that without an- 
other inch of water, and in the absence of hot 
north winds in the spring, a good crop would 
be gathered from summer fallowed land. Laet 
season at this date we had barely two inches of 
rain, and had to rely upon the March and April 
showers for a sufficient supply of moisture. It 
was not sufficient, yet an average crop was bar- 
'•eitad on this side of the river, and the grain 
was rather extra in quality. The history of the 
past five years is that we may hope for two 
inches in January, three in February and one in 
March, with the customary April showers. 
This added to what has already fallen will make 
at least 10 inches of rain. But it would be bet- 
ter not to have any more rain at all in January, 
BO that the farmers might have ample time to 
seed all tho laud they desire. 

A Flowinu Well. — Hanford Journal, Jan. 
5: E. M. Dewey, who quit journalism for farm- 
ing some time since, now has a ranch seven 
miles south of Tulare, and on it an artesian 
well 307 feet deep and furnishing him a fine 
flow of excellent water. 

Editors Press;— New Year's is past, and it 
was the m ost happy New Year's day this peo 
pie, I suppose, ever experienced, and was 
greatly appreciated by all, for about the time 
the turkey and cranberries were spread on the 
table the gladsome rain commenced to fall, and 

continued for over 24 hours. It rained very 
hard part of the time; I suppose almost four 
inches fell, and everybody is in good spirits. I 
think a good crop ia assured, as our first rain was 
so heavy and we are sure of more. If the farm- 
ers can get a few more good crops, so they will 
have plenty means on hand, this will be one of 
the best counties in California, for after there 
are more improvements here to add to the 
beauty of our county there will be enticement 
for Eastern people to to come and settle with 
us. This county has as many privileges as any 
except a railroad, and it is almost sure to have 
that, for Mr. T. R. Bird and his associates (Eist- 
ern capitalists) are intending to build a road 
from Hueneme to Newhall, a distance of 50 or 
60 miles. We understand work will be 
commenced as soon as the rainy season 
over and the contract let. This road 
will give \entura county shipping facilities 
which her people will appreciate. Instead of 
shipping our grain on schooner to S. F., we 
can put it on board cars and ship to Arizona 
and other places which have to be supplied 
from our golden State. Farmers are very busy 
seeding. Some are nearly done, while a few 
have not yet commenced, but the rain will 
hurry all up now. The great Santa Clara irri- 
gating canal is not yet finished, but the work is 
being pushed on with vigor. J. C. Hartman 
has the Los Posas and Pleasant Valley water 
di!:ch almost complete, and has had the water 
running through most of it for over two weeks. 
It look-i now as though ditches were not re- 
quired for surety of crops, but the water will 
be used for irrigating cum and beans and al- 
falfa, and for green feed in summer. At pres- 
ent the outlook for our county was never 
brighter. — Settler, Springville. 

Editors Press: — I find in my rambles that 
new ground has been utilized for planting young 
trees and vines. Jimes Goodwin, of Mountain 
Pass, has extended his orchard, and is engaged 
in clearing ofi' valuable land for grapes. The 
ground is heavily mixed up with iron bowlders 
from the frowning sides of the Table mountain. 
If it were not for the value of soil remaining for 
table grapes, the expense of clearing would 
never be repaid. It did seem as if there were 
more rocks than soil. Mr. Goodwin has the 
grit to make an oasis of this rock-bound corner. 
Mr. Dickinson, nearly a mile distant, has an- 
other hard horticultural battle tn fight betwixt 
water, rocks and brushwood. Where funds are 
plentiful, it is an easy matter to battle with 
stern obstaclef; but when it comes to muscle, 
with a half d( z :n little mouths to fill, the poetry 
becomes almost a tragedy. Worse still, when 
a money encumbrance clings to the place. In a 
few more years these same uncouth nooks and 
valleys will appear as if transformed into an 
Eien. The tig, grape, peach and a wondrous 
variety of luscious fruits will find a ready mar- 
ket in your rich city and surrounding country. 
Pioneers plant, the mountain springs will watsr, 
and the weary, waiting worker will yet enjoy 
the increase. California is a wonderful ciiuntry 
for development in all varieties of fruits and 
grains. The patient toiler will yet ba amply 
repaid for all his toil and perseverance. — John 

PoMOLOOicAL Society.— )Si',9«aZ, Jan. 6: The 
Ventura County Pomological Society held its 
regular meeting on Thursday evening. The 
subject for debate, tree-planting, was discussed 
with much interest by those present and much 
light thrown thereon in regard to the best mode 
of and time for tree planting, and tbe best va- 
rittyof trees to plant, together with the best 
place to obtain the same. The subject was 
deemed of such importance to fruit growers and 
orchardists generally that it was thought advisa- 
ble to call a special meeting for the further dis- 
cussion of the same, and Thursday, February 
3d, was set therefor, when it is hoped there will 
be a full attendance of all who may feel inter- 
ested in the subject.— F. A. Foster, Sec'y. 

State Horticultural Society. 

News in Brief. 

Two WOOLEN mills at Newburgh, N. Y., have 
shut down until the market improves, and 
three others will reduce the wages of employees. 

A BILL has been introduced in the Missouri 
State Senate to t ix gross earnings of railroads 
at the same rate as other personal property. 

The Germans of New York are moving 
promptly to raisfl a relief fund for the sufferers 
by ihe terrible floods in Germany. 

The Eiglish expedition to Cipe of (Jood 
Hope obtained two good observations of the in- 
ternal contact of Venus, and took 2.'jt) photo- 
graphs, over 200 of which can be measured. 

Dk. A. J. Prothero, who is about to intro- 
duce ostrich farming in Southern California, is 
in Los Angeles, in quest of a proper site for the 

The Mayor < f New York has been ordered 
to show cauee why a writ of mandamus should 
not issue commanding him to issue and grant 
a license for the production of the Pansion 

Chas. Williams, who lives at Los Angeles, 
is the possessor of a jenny which proposes to 
make herself famous. She has given birth to 
four colts, ea^h of them lively. The little fel- 
lows are about the size of a small dog. 

A movement among Texas stock men to dis- 
arm their cowboys was derided at first, but is 
now said to be making considerable headway. 
Several stock men announced that they would 
not employ any one who carriel a deadly 

The State Horticultural Society held its reg- 
ular monthly meeting on Friday afternoon, 
Dcc. 211, in the Academy of Sciences, Vice- 
President A. T. Hatch presiding. After read- 
ing and approving the minutes of the previous 
meeting, the first business taken up was the 
report of the Committee on New Varieties of 
Fruit. The committee recommended Kiefer's 
hybrid pear as being one of the largest, sweet- 
est, best-fl ivored and juiciest pears in the new 
list. Several members thought that it was 
greatly inferior to the Birtlett and other stan- 
dard varieties. There not being any member 
of the committee present, and objections being 
made to the adoption of the report as the sense 
of the meeting, it was placed on file and laid 
over to the next regular meeting. 

Mr. JesBup submitted a new variety of apple 
which he claimed to be one of the best keepers 
and most beautiful apple grown. It is a deep 
red color, shape somewhat like a bellflawer and 
averaging about the same size. To the taste it 
is mild in acid, rich in flavor and very firm. 
Mr. Jessup moved that the apple be named 
"Beauty of Alameda." Mr. J. M. Hixon, of 
San Francisco, said he would like to have it 
lie over until next meeting, as he thought he 
could produce the same apple from Granite 
Hill, Va Dorado county. He says he might be 
mistaken, but thought he could get specimens 
by the next meeting. The whole matter was 
laid on the table until the next meeting. 

The report of tbe committee appointed to ex- 
amine and report on the Sscretary's report, 
submitted at a previous meeting, was taken up. 
The committee recommended, at the suggestion 
of the Secretary, that the names of all persons 
placed on the roll of membership for which no 
initiation fee had been paid should, after thirty 
days' notice, be stricken from the roll unless 
the constitutional fee of $2.50 was at that time 

Change of Place of Meeting. ' 
The committee also reported that they had ex- 
amined different halls.and recommended that the 
Society meet hereafter at Granger's hall, at the 
corner of California and Davis streets, where 
pleasant meeting-room and a smaller one for 
preserving the property of the society could be 
obtained. Upon motion, the place of meeting 
was changed, as recommended by the commit 
tee, <>nd the Secretary was instructed to engage 
the rooms. 

A letter was read from Mr. W. B. West, of 
Stockton, who was to have opened the subject 
of "Nut- Bearing Trees," explaining his inability 
to do so on account of sickness. A discussion 
then followed on the above subject. 

The Pecan Nut. 

Dr. Strentzel: I find the pecan tree fitted to 
our soil and climate. It takes kindly to the 
soil here. As to the benefits accruing from 
raising these pecans, not only in the beauty of 
the tree and value of its timber and nuts, but it 
is also a tree which is exempt from all insect 
pests. The utility of the tree may be easily 
considered by remembering that a oingle county 
in Texas sold last year between $50,000 and 
$60,000 worth of pecans. There are few coun 
ties in our State that can produce such a record 
I would movo that the cultivation of the pecan 
be brought to the attention of this Society, and 
it is a point which could be well recommended 
all through the State. Go to the nut dealers and 
get fresh pecans as they arrive. The seedlings 
are produced as easily as any other fruit tree 
They require less nursing. The timber of th 
pecan is similar to hickory; the only difference 
is in the color and strength of the wood. Other 
wise it is used for the same purposes. The tree 
makes a very fine growth, and is ornamental as 
a shade tree. Comparing it with the walnut 
tree, the Eoglish walnut tree will not do as 
well. The English walnut tree makes a very 
rapid growth, the shoots alt lining the length of 
ten feet. They have to cut them down. The 
walnut is long in coming into bearing in some 

If you want to raise pecan nuts, get five 
pounds, which will raise enough trees for five 
or six acres. The pecxn begins to baar in about 
10 years. 

J. V. Webster, of Fruit Vale: I have had con 
siderable experience with the pecan. I lived in 
a country where they grew very finely on rather 
damp land. They grew there in northern 
Louisiana 300 ft. high. The timber is used as 
a substitute for hicki ry. You can'c go dow 
on the street among the hardware men and call 
for a hickory handle for an ax without getting 
pecan. The only difference is this: The pecan 
is a tiiier grained wood, liner finish, takes a fine 
polish, is not so stiff and wiry, and breaks more 
easily. It would be judicious for every farmer 
to put out a row of pecans around his farm. 1 
would be much better than eucalyptus. 

Mr. Jessup: There is a hickory growing i 
northern Indiana termed there "scrub hickory 
It grows very low with round top. It is an 
evergreen. The nut is an elegant one. I kno 
of nothing better than that, for it bears very 
young — from 8 to 10 years old. It bears pro 
lificly, and of all the hickory nut trees there 
not one so perfectly adapted tj this climate as 
this. The wood is of good quality, what there 
is of it. 

A New Zealand Nut. 
E Wolleb, of Fruit Vale: There ia a nut-bear 
ing tree from New Zealand (Macadamia km' 

folia), which ought io be recommended, i 
nut is the sizs of the hazel nut and is very nice. 
It is an evergreeen tree, has long leaves and is 
a slow grower. It is a beauty as an evergreen 
tree, and even without the nuts should be 
recommended as an ornament in gardens; but 
it bears a good nut also. 

F. Ludemann, of San Francisco: I have tried 
this New Zealand tree several time?, and the 
greatest part have proved unsuccessful. The 
tree is rather tender, and would not stand any 
hard changes of weather, such as drouth or ex- 
cess of water. The roots rot in winter, and in 
summer make new roots. In five or six years 
they were not more than two feet high. It is 
a very ornamental tree; it is of a white-grayish 
green; but I have never seen a plant of any 
size. The first that I raised here was about 
ten years ago; I sold some to D. 0. Mills; they 
have stood five years, and have never grown 
more than two feet high, and finally died. The 
tree is not fitted for the climate in California. 

W. G. Klee, of Berkeley: I tried one of these 
trees. It grew slowly, very slowly. It never 
suffered from frost. It grew on the bank of 
the creek, where it had perfect drainage. It 
was irrigated two or three times during the 
season, by making a hole and filling it with 
water. It never had extra attention, and seems 
hardy enough. 

Mr. Ludemann: I will not dispute that it 
grows in some localities, but for general use I 
cannot recommend it. All that I have done 
with it has been a failure. There may be a 
few grown, but not many. 

E. Wolleb, Fruit Vale: We only recommend 
it for experiment, and not on a large scale. 

Mr. Tisch: Tnere is another thing in regard 
to planting bulbs. The first thing we ought to 
now about is the preparation of the soil. If 
you mix manure with the soil, and after the 
bed is made you plant bulbs, and there happens 
to be a little lamp of manure lying near one of 
them it will rot the bulb. Sj I say, don't 
bring manure near the bulbs. 

Dr. Gibbons then gave a very interesting ad- 
dress on bulbs, illustrated by blackboard draw- 
ings. We omit it because we cannot do it j us- 
ee without the illustrations, but it was highly 
appreciated by all present. 

Mr. Tiuch also spoke at some length on the 
culture of the hyacinth. 

The subjects chosen for the next meeting 
were "Tree. planting. Grafting, and Pruning," 
and "Roses," the latter to be opened by David 
Tiach, of Oakland. 

Mr. \V. H. Jessup, of Haywards, exhibited 
Japanese plums dried in a dryer. He secured 
19^ pounds from 100 pounds of the green fruit. 
The meeting then adjourned. 

Mr. Rumford's Diet. 

Our contributor, Isaac B. llumford, of Kern 
county, is spending a few weeks in the city 
putting up and marketing his honey crop and 
revisiting scenes which he has not seen for a 
number of years. We had the pleasure of a 
call from him and his son. They also called 
upon J. V. Webster, of the California Patron, 
who wrote up their experience in the following 
neighborly way : 

III Fruit Vale, twenty odd years ago, there lived one 
Isaac Rumford. He was the owner o( nine acres of land, 
which he had set out in Lawlon hlackherries i<nd dwarf 
pear trees. Eccentric though he was, he managed to 
gain the hmd of an intellectual, fair-looking girl of the 
neighborhood. In due time they wtre married, and he 
look her to his cosy little home. Their living was very 
plain, for Isaac, being a dyspeptic, persuaded his Annie 
that the coarsest foiid obtainai>Ie was the best for soul 
at.d body. So she had nothing to do all the day long but 
to cook cracked wheat, oatmeal and cold-water Graham- 
flour biscuit. Thus they lived for a few years, when Mr. 
Rumford sold out his little ranch and moved away, and 
for twenty years we did not see him, hcaiing of him only 
a few timei', indirectly. Last week he stopped into the 
I'alron ofhce unannounced, accompanied by a red- 
cheeked, stalwart boy of seventeen summers. Isaac was 
immediately recognized, his appearance having under- 
gone no perceptible cliange in the last score of yeare. 
We expressed our surprise at his healthy and youthful 
appearance, and asked for an explanation, when he said, 
"I have found the much. sought-after elixir of life. To- 
day I am twenty years younger, mentally and phys- 
ically, than 1 was two years ago. For thirty ye.ir8 I suf- 
fered the pangs of hell in a dyspeptic stomach. Although 
frugal in my diet, little relief could I find until some two 
years since I chanctd to read of a man in Southern Cali- 
fornia who, being troubled like mjself, had adopted the 
l>lan of taking his food raw, which consisted of fruit and 
urain I concluded to try it. Kirbt. ray only diet was 
fruit, but tiiidiiig that my strengtli failed me to such an 
extent that I could not do my accuitomod work, I com- 
menced to use grain, chiefly oats and wheat ground or 
mashed up. which, in conjunction with Ihe use of fruit, 
appears to have suited my condition exactly. On this 
food, and nothing else, I began to grow in health and 
strength, until my dyspepsia entirely loft me. My wife 
and thii boy (ihe only child we havt) concluded that they 
would try tho same diet, and with such satisfactory re- 
sults that the couk stove has been packed out of the 
house, and no cooked food whatever is now used by us, 
and we are all happier and healthier for it. In fact, I 
am an old m\n made over into a new one. My health is 
perfect, niv mind is clear, and my spiritual nature much 

From Mr. Rumford we learned that grain diet did not 
agree with the l)oy, consequently ho seldom eats it, liviDgf 
wholly and healthily on fruit only. 

In answer to a queslijn, Mr. Rumford stated that ho 
and his boy had come from their homo on Kern Island, 
Kern county, to this city in order to see the eights, pre- 
pare for market and dispose of an invoice of honey, which 
he largely engaged in raiting. When we inquired whether 
or not be would live at the hotels or restaurants, in an- 
swer, puling out of hij pocket a little SJck containing 
uhout half a pint of oat meal, ho said: "Th'u I brought 
from home, living on it since starling on my Journey, 
and have a suttlciency lift, to feed me full a week longer." 
The boy fully atlirraed all h's father said, and, from our 
knowledge of the man, we take and bilieve his story to 
be iiicrallv true. 

The total catch by the New England flee 
during 1882 was: Of mackerel, 378,863 barrels 
of cod and other ground fish, 898,904 quintals 


[January 13, 1883 

Going Blind. 

Written for Ri-ral Prbss by 0. W. McOrkw.] 

The world is fadinjt from my ti^ht, 

Mow. hut surely, away, 
And all thai God has made 90 bright 

Gn W8 dimmer everv day; 
Not but Ihe fl-Ids are just as green. 

The sky above as blue. 
The dininees cirmea to me alone. 

From the veil 1 see them through 

This veil, the trace of pain and years 

On this poor throbbing brain. 
Shuts out the beauty ol the world, 

Letting its thndes remain. 
The BOii e-* and frowns of friends and foes 

Are all the same to me; 
I mim iheir pleasure and their piin, 

Because 1 cannot see. 

Thup, blundering on my lonrsorae way, 

Thuugh in a crowded stret t, 
I scare" can tell my deare>t friends 

From atr- njfers whom I meet; 
Yet in the busy fray of life 

I still muet hold a place; 
The doniii from Keen yet enthAlIs 

The toilers of our race. 

Patience, O weary troubled heart! 

The race will soon be run; 
The shadows gathring o'er thy path 

Foretell a brighter sun. 
Though all of earth grows poor and dark, 

The eye of faith grows bright; 
God ii the portion of thy heart, 

Thine everlasting light. 

Lo9 Oatos, Cal., Jan. 1, 1SS3. 

An Invocation. 

fWritten for Rural Press by Hopr Haywood.] 

O Love, Love, thee would I deify; fhijh, 
Unto thy pure and patient soul, seicne and utrong, and 
Our poor and >■ cak, yet coii9< ijus souls mmt fci.;h; [cry. 
Our mmost touU must reach, and faint, and strive, and 

Unfailing is thy subtle Blrcngth. thy true and tender tie, 
To show to weary earth Heaven's sore and sweet reply; 
To keep our longing heaits, ceUstial portals nigh. 
And from the "jjaies ol hell" help fainting souls to fly. 

Thine Is the arm of God; He rules when wo descry 
In Thee.the power ol Christ, to tru'v live and die; 
Thou art the promised \isioK; our souls and life rely 
On love, the blessed spiiii, that God and Chrijt ally. 

Oh heart, look unto love, and faith with love shall vie. 
Uphold the fainting earth, as love holds Heaven's iky; 
Along the eternal Villey the olden shadows lie; 
But still one star is shining. Oh, love told us why. 

Yet love. Oh, love, we know thee not; fun would cur 
souls comply 

With all thy gentle, gra-ious will, be guided by thine eye; 
Amid the siorms of passion, the wrecking waves so high. 
Love, sive us, or we perish; Oh. hear our f tiling cry ! 

San Dieg^, Cal. 

The Cliest of Drawers. 

"Married!" eaid Mrs. Bubble— "married ! 
And without neither weddiut; ctke nor new 
bonnet, nor so much as a neighbor called in to 
witness the ceremony ? And t) Abel Jjaee, as 
is as poor as poverty itaell? Mary, I never 
could have believed it of you 1" 

Pretty Mary Bubble's eyes sparkled, half 
with exultation, half with vague fear. 

"It was out in Squire Lirkins' garden, 
mother," said she. "Squire Ltrkins was therOj 
and Miss Jennie Wynward and Mr. H»ll. Abel 
was shingling the ice-houae roof, and he said it 
must be now or never, because be couldn't endure 
the suspense. And the Squire is a Justice of 
the Teaoe, and I've got a certificate, all legal 
and right— see, mother .' And as for being 
poor, why, Abel has his trade, and no oce can 
deny that he is an industrious, temperate young 
man; and please, mother," H.nging both arms 
around the old lady's neck, "if you'll forgive 
me for disobeying you this once I never, never 
will do it again !" 

Sj Mrs. Bubble — although, to use her own 
words, she never could get over the mortifica- 
tion of having a daughter married by a "Jus- 
tice of the Peace" — fiually forgave bright-eyed 
Mary, and consettjd that Abel Jones should 
set up his shop at the foot of the farm lane, to 
commence the cocfl ct of life. 

"Though I'm quite sure," said Mrs. Bubble, 
"that he never will earn his living; and I did 
hope, Mary, yon would have married some one 
who oonld at least have cleared the mortgage 
ofif the old place." 

But Abel and Mary were happy. Where 
Youth and Love are sitting in life's sunshine, 
old Ciccius is one too many. Lst him go his 
way; who oares for him? 

' AVe sha'.l get along," said Abel. 

"0; course we shall get along!" said Mary. 

And thus matters stood, when Mrs, 'Squire 
Larkius, with a young friend in flounced white 
muslin stopped at the Bubble larm-house to 
drink a glass of milk and eat some of Mrs. Bab- 
ble's cherry short cake. 

"I hope the bride is well," said Mrs. Lar- 
kins, laughing. 

'Tol'able, tback you," said Mrs. Bubble. 
"She's gone up to Deacon Faraday's to get their 
r cipe for makin' soft soap, Abel's well, too, 
thankee. lie's in the shop, now, at work. His 

hammer is sort o' company for me, when I stt 
here alone. I don't deny as he's a decent young 
man enough, if he wasn't as poor as Job's tar- 
key! And with Mary's face, and her term at 
boarding-school, she'd ought to done better." 

"What a beautiful old chest of drawers !" 
cried Miss Wynward, ecstatically. "What 
lovely brass orraments ! And what picturesque 
claw legs :" 

"Ob, yes," said Mrs. Larkins. "It is over 
a hundred years old. Everybody has heard of 
Mrs. Bubble's antique chest of Drawers !" 

"Oh, ma'am, it ain't the same," said Mrs. 
Bubble. "It ain't the old one at all. I sold 
the old one a month ago. " 

"SAd it?" echoed Mrs. Squire Larkins. 

"1 didn't want to sell it," said Mrs. Bubble, 
looking imploringly over the edge of her spec- 
tacle glasses. ' It was given to me, you know, 
ma'am, when my fathei s estit j was settltd up 
and the old furnitoor was divided. My brother 
John's wife, she wanted the "D'ath of Jona- 
than,' in a gilt frame, with cord and tassels, so 
she says, says she: 

" 'Soohiar, you can take the old chist o 
draw's. ' 

"And I knew I was bein' cheated then; but 
la! what's the use of trouble among one's rela- 
tiODb? So 8ays I : 

" "Have it your own way, Abigail Ann.' 

"And she took home 'Toe D^ath of 
than,' and I took the chist o' draw's. And Abel 
he fixed it up dreadful nice, with a little band 
paper and varnish, and it was handy to keep 
old leitirs, and samples of patchwork, and paper 
patterns in. But when that tine young lady 
from the city, as is boarding at Dr. Holloway's, 
offered me twenty-live dollars for it, it seemed 
a wicked sin to refuse eo much money; eo 1 sold 
it. And John's wife, she couldn't hardly be- 
lieve her ears when she heard tell of it. And 
she says, says she: 

"Sjphiar, don't you s'poje you could sell 
'The Death of Jonathan' tor the same money?' 

"And I knew just how she felt, and I wasn't 
a bit sorry for her, for the always was a 
graspin' thing. But after it had gone away in 
Dr. Holloway's wagon, I began to miss it, and 
I fairly sat down and cried. And Abel, he 

" Cheer np, mother,' says he. 'I'll make yon 
another one just like it!' 

"And so ne did. And their it is," added 
Mrs. Bubble, with honest pride, "and you'd 
never know but it was the same old chist o' 
draw's. He's darkened it down and 'iled it up, 
and turned out claw legs and beat out a set of 
old brasses to cover the keyholes, until you 
never would know the difl'jrence. And I'm j ast 
as well satisfied as I was before." 

So Mrs. Bubble put on her things and went 
to the'sewing society when Mrs. Latkin and 
Miss Wynward were gone, so that there was 
no one in the big, airy kitchen when Prof. 
Kldred and his two daughters — maiden ladies 
of an UDchronicled age — alighted from their 
open box wagon and stopped m for a drink of 

There was the well, under the bowery ap- 
ple-blossoms at the back; and there was the 
gourd shell, lying in the grass beside the sweep; 
and the cleanly-scrubbed kitchen floor, with its 
rag rugs at the doors; and the ancient clock, 
ticking away in its corner; and the old chest of 
drawers, between the two windows. 

"Pa," cried Mtss Kiheldreda Eidred, putting 
np her eye-glasses, "what a lovely piece of work- 

' Qiite medieval," sighed Miss Ermengtrde. 
"We 7n!<*(! have this old 11 evolutionary relic in 
our drawing-room, pa." 

The Professor stared around him, 
"There's nobody to ask the price of, my 
dear, ' said he. 

"Ihat's just like pa!" said Miss Etheldreda. 
''Djn't you hear somebody hammering some- 
where ? I here's a carpenter shop j jst down 
the laue. Go and inquire — do! ' 

Abel Jones was woikiog diligently away at a 
step-ladder, when the Proteasor's bald head was 
hrnst into his shop. 
''' eaid Abel, looking very handsome in 
his shirt-sleeves and a scirlet neoktie. 

"1 wish you a very good morning, sir," said 
the Professor, politely. 

"Same to you, sir," said Abel. 
"I wish," said the I'l-jfessor, "to inquire tiie 
price of that beautiful old brass mouLt:d chest 
of drawers in the kitchen of ihe house yonder. 

My daughters " 

"No price at all, sir," said Abel, "It ain't 
for sale." 

' Tf a liberal remuneration, sir, would be any 
inducement to you " 

"Not for sale," good humoredly repeated 
Abel. "Nothing would induce my mother-in- 
law to part with ic," 

"An old family relic, eh?' remarked the 

"Exactly," said Abel. 

And he went on hammering and whistling 
the tune of ' Robin Adair," while the Professor 
made his way back through the prickly hedge 
of gooseberry bushes and black currants. j 

llalf an hour afterward. Miry, the pretty 
first ciuse of all Abel Jones' romantic adven- 
tures, ran into the shop. They hid been mar- 
ried for over three months now, but Abal'a 
smile of welcome wai no less bright than it had 
been in the days of the honeymoon. 

"Bless me, Polly!" said he. "What is the 
matter? Vuu look half scared to death!" 

"And no wonder," said Mary. "There have ! 
been burglars at the house. Mother's chest of 
drawers is gone!" { 

"What!" shouted Abel. I 

"And were left under one of the vol- 
umes of 'Barnes' Notes on the Gospel' on the 
kitchen table!" breathlessly added Mary, dis- 
playing live 10 dollar bills in the palm of her 

"Upon — my — word!" said Abel. "It's the old 
fellow with the bald head, Polly, and the 
spectacles, you may depend upon it. I thought 
he looked like an old furniture dealer." 

Alas, poor Abel! not to be abel to discrimi- 
nate between a second-band store-keeper and 
the Professor of -Eithetics and Balles L^ttres 
in Higley University! Bit such i« life! 

"But it's stealingl" cried M»ry, breathlessly. 

"Well, not exactly," said Abel, laughing. 
"The old thing in itselt wasn't worth SIO. If 
they choose to value it at .oO, why it aint bad 
for us in the light of a pecuniary transaction, eh 
I Polly ? ' 

"But what will mother say ?'' pleaded Mary. 

"I've got another one nearly finished," said 
Abel. "I was meaning to sell it to Mrs. Har- 
rington. But I'll just set it up in the old place, 
and mother will never care whether it's number 
one or number two that is there." 

So that when Mrs Babble came home from 
the sewing society Abel was just setting up 
the new chest of drawers, and Miry eagerly re- 
lated to her the tale of the burglary, for so she 
still persisted in calling it. 

"Well, I never ! " said Mrp. Bubble. "Fifty 
and '25 makes 75. I'm glad I didn't take the 
'Death of Jonatnan !' " 

"This means business," said Abel t) himself. 

And he set diligently to work to manufacture 
still other duplicates of the "chist o' draw's," 
stainiig them a dark rich brown, and beating 
out odd, well-shaped decorations to complete 
the illusion. And when the curiopity hunter 
came up the solitary road, embowered in elms, 
where it required considerable engineering fur 
one load of hay to pass another, Abel sat whis- 
tling on his doorstep, ready to drive a bargain. 

'•Any old furniture or antiques to sell?" the 
hunter would blandly inquire. 

''Not a stick," said Abel, and then, after a 
minute's blank silence on the part of the pio- 
neers of the esthetic, he would add: "Unless 
you'd like to look at this 'ere chist o' draw'j as 
I've just tinkered up. I can't say, up and down, 
you know, as it's old, but you can look for 
yourselves. There ain't no date on it. / don't 
care whether I sell it or not. Nor yet 1 don't 
put no price on it. I ain't none of your bargain 
drivers. If you like it, pay what you think is 
right; if you don't, why there ain't no harm 

So that no less than seven editions of the 
chest of drawers were sold before the season was 
over. They became the fashion. Every per- 
son who bought one had a vague hope of having 
something a little different from his neighbors. 
And some of them have never yet ceased look- 
ing for hidden treasures, old papers or outlawed 
wills among^the pigeon-holes and compartments. 

And when the season ended and the city 
boarders went back to their brick-and-mortar 
wildernesses, Abel bought his mother in-law a 
plethoric pocket-book. 

"Three hundred and sixty-flve dollars, 
mother,'' eaid he. "Eaough to pay off the last 
installment of the mortgage on tie old farm. 
We couldn't haV3 made more money than that 
if we'd kept a houseful of boarders, as Polly 
wanted to do. But 1 don't mean Polly to be at 
the beck and call of a dozm fine ladies aul 
work her roses off, not while I'm able to work 
for her." 

And the report of Abel Jonr<s' good luck 
spread far and wide through all the count''y 
side. Mrs. Hopper, the Abigail Ann of Mrs. 
Babble's legendary reminiscences, heard the 
great news and drove down from Plutn Hill to 
inquire into it. 

"If it's true as you've found 3jO0, " said she 
dolefully, "in that old chist o' draw's, it's the 
law as all the heirs should divide equally, So- 
phiar Babble." 

"I'.at it ain't true," said Mrg. Bubble. 
"O!" said Mrs. Hopper, "I to'il my husband 
as it was all a made-up storj ! ' 

"Not that exactly, neither," said Mrs. Bab- 
ble, laughing. 

And then she related the precise circum- 
stances of the case. 

Mrs. Hopper drew a long breath. 
"I wish I hadn't chose the 'Diath of Jona- 
than,'" eaid she. "The cord broke last week, 
and it fell down and smashed my best set of 
chins. I never bad no luck with it." 

"And reived you right for your greed and 
rapacity! ' said Abel Jones, to'.lo vote, to Mary, 
who, in the next room, was helping him to var- 
nish a set of hanging-shelves. 
"Hush-sh-eh !" whispered Mary. 
While old Mrs. Babble smiled, and remarked, 
sagely, that "nobody never knew exactly how 
things was goin to turn out." 

"But," she added, wiping her spectacle glass- 
es, "that chist o' draw's certainly did bring me 
good luck. It's paid ctf the last of the old 
mortgage, and laid in a stock o' real black wal- 
nut for Abel to work with, and got a new navy- 
blue cashmere for Mary. And if that ain't luck 
I don't know what is." — Salurdai/ Niijld. 

Cold or Hot Gas. — An eminent authority 
on illuminating gas, Mr. Sugg, insists that 
one point of great importance in the construc- 
tion of a gas-burner is that the gas should not 
be heated until it arrives at the point of igni- 
tion. The body of the chamber below t lat 
point must therefore be made of a material 
which is a bad conductor of heat, to prevent 
an undue expansion of gas and maintain the 
heat of the flime, ' 

The Grand Bumper Dagree. 

Are You a Mason or Nodfdllow How Pa 
Was N Ishlated. 

"Say, are you a Mason or a Nodfellow or 
anything?" ask the bad boy of the groceryman 
as he went to the cinnamon bag on the shelf and 
took out a long stick to chew. 

"^y^y' °^ course I am; but what set you 
to thinking of that? ' asked the grccerymen, as 
he went to the desk and chargtsd the boy's 
father for half a pound of cinnamon. 

' 'Well, do the goats bunt when you nishiate 
a fresh candidate? ' 

"No, of course not. The goats are cheap 
ones; they have no life, and we muzz'e them 
and put pillows over their heads, so that they 
can't hurt anybody," says the groceryman as he 
winked at a brother Odd Fellow who was seated 
on a sugar barrel looking mysterious. "But 
why do you ask?"' 

"Ob, nuthin', only I wish me and chum had 
muzzled our goat with a pillow. Pa would have 
enjoyed becoming a member of our Lodge so 
much better. Yon eee pa had been telling us 
how much good the Masons and Nodfellows did, 
and said we ought t) try and grow up giod so 
we could j )in the Lodges when we got big, and 
I asked pa if it would do any hurt for us to 
have a play Lodge iu my room, and pertend to 
nishiate, and pa said it wouldn't do any hurt. 
He said it would improve our minds and make 
us men. So my chum and I borried a goat that 
lives in a livery stable. Say, do you know 
they keep a goit in a livery stable so the horses 
won't get sick. Tcey get used to the smell of 
the goat, and after that nothing will make them 
sick but a glue factory. I wish my girl 
boarded in a livery stable, and then she would 
get used to the smell. I went home with her 
from church Sunday night and the smell of the 
goat on my clothes made her sick to her stum- 
mick, and she acted just like an excursion on 
the lake, and said that if I d idn't go and bury 
myself and take the smell out of me she 
wouldn't go with me again. She was just as 
pale as a ghost, and the perspiration on her lip 
was jest zif she had been hit by a street sprin- 

''You see, me and my chum had to carry the 
goat up to my room when pa and ma was ont rid- 
ing, and he blatted so we had to tie a handker- 
chief around his nose, and his feet made such a 
noise on the Hoor that we put some of baby's 
socks on 'em. Gosh! how frowsy a goat smells, 
don't it? I should think you Masons bad 
strong stummix. Why don't you hava a skunk 
or a mule for a trade mark? 'Take a mule and 
annoint him with limberger cheese, and you 
could nishiate j ast as well and make a candidate 
smell just as bad as with a goshdarned, mil- 
dewed goat. Well, sir, my chum and me prac- 
ticed with that goat until ho c luM bunt a pic- 
ture of a goat every time. We borried a buck 
beer hign from a saloon man, and hung it on 
the back of a chair, and goat would bunt it. 
That night pa wanted to know what we were 
doiug up in my room, and I t >ld him we were 
plaj log Lodge and improviog our minds. He 
said that was right; there was nothing that did 
boys so much g(<od as to imitate men and store 
by useful knowledge. Then my chum asked pa 
if he didn't want to come up to our Lodge and 
take the Grand Bumper D.-gree, and pa laffad 
and said he didn't care if he did, j ast to entour- 
age U3 boys in innocent pastime tnat was soim- 
provin' to our intellex. 

"We bad shut the goat np in a closet in my 
room, and it got over blatting, so we took olf 
the hankercbief and he was eatiog some of my 
paper collars and ekate straps. We went np 
stairs and told pa to come up pretty soon and 
give three distinct raps, and when we asked 
hitn who comes there, he must say 'a pilgarlic 
who wants to join your ancient Order and ride 
the goat.' Ma wanted to come up ton, but we 
told her if she come it wi uld bret^k up the 
Lodge, cause women couldn't keep a secret, and 
we didn't have any side saddle tor the goat. 
Siy, if you nevtr t ied it, the next time you 
nishiate a man in y ur Mason's Lodge, y(>u sprin- 
kle a little kyan pepper on the eoal's beard 
just befoie you turn hi m loose. Y'ou can get 
llree times as much fun to the eq'iare inch of 
goat. Yuu wouldn't think it was the rame 
goat. Well, we got all fixed, and pa rapped 
and we let him in and told him he must be 
blindfolded, and he got on his knees a Utfiag 
and I tied a towel around his eyes and then I 
turned him an made him get down on his hands 
also, and then his back was right toward the 
closet door, and I put the budi beer sign right 
ai^ainst pa's clothing. He was a latfiog all the 
titne, and eaid we were as full of fun as they 
made 'em, and we told him it was a solemn oc- 
casion, and we wouldn't permit no levity, and 
if he didn't stop lafling we couldn't give him 
the Grand Bumper Degree. 

"Then everything was ready, and my chum 
had his hand on the cl.set door, and some kyan 
pepper in his other hand and I asked pa, in low 
bass tones, if he felt as though he wanted to 
turn back or if he had nerve enough togo ahead 
and take the D.'gree. I warned him that it was 
full of dangers, as the goat was loaded for beer, 
and told him he j et had time to retrace his 
steps if he wanted to. He said he wanted the 
whole bizaess, and we could go ahead with the 
whole menagerie. Then I said to pa that if he 
had decided to go ahead and not b.anie as for 
the consequences, to repeat alter me the fol- 
lowing: 'Bring forth the royal bumper and let 
him bump!'' Pa repeated the words, and my 
chum sprinkled the kyan pepper on the goat's 
mnstaohe, and he sneezed once and looked 

jannary 13, 1883. J 


saBBy, and then he see the lager beer goat rear- 
ing up, and he started for it jast like a cow 
catcher and blatted. 

"Pa is real fat, but he knew he had got hit, 
and be grunted and said : Great Caesar, what are 
you boys doin'? and then the goat gave him 
another degree, and p» pulled cfi' the towel and 
got up and started for the stairs, and so did 
the goat, and m» was at the bottom of the stairs 
listening, and when I looked over the bannis- 
ters pa and ma and the eoat were all in a heap 
and pa was yelling murder and ma was scream- 
ing fire, and the goat was blatting and sneezing 
and bunting, and the hired girl came into the 
hall and the goat took after her, and she 
crossed herself j ist as the goat struck her, and 
said, 'Howly mother, protect me!' and went 
down stairs the way we boys tlide down hill, 
with both hands ou herself, and the goat reared 
up and blatted, and pa and ma went into their 
room and shu": the door, and then my chum 
and me opsnud the front door and drove the 
goat out. 

My chum and me adjiurned the Lodge and I 
went;aDd stayed with him all night, and I hain't 
been home since. Bat I don't believe pa will 
lick m", cause he said he wo ild not hold us 
responsible for the consequenjes. He ordered 
the goat hisself and we filled the order, don't 
you set? Well, I guess I w ill go and sneak in 
the back way and find out from the hired girl 
how the land lays. She will not go back on 
me," cause the goat was not loaded for hired 
girls. She just happened to get in at the wrong 
time. (lood-bye, sir. Ksaiember and give 
your goat kyan pepper in your Lodge;" 

As the boy went away and skipped over the 
back fence the groceryman said to his brother 
Odd Fellow "if that boy don't beat the devil I 
never saw one that did." — Peck's Sun. 


^OOD ^EAbTjH. 

Sunbeams — The greatest of physical para 
doxes is the sunbeair . It is the most potent and 
versatile force we have, and yet ic behaves it- 
self like the gentlest and most accommodating. 
Nothing can fall more softly and more silently 
upon the earth than the rays of our great lu- 
minary — not even the feathery flakes of snow 
which thread their way through the atmos- 
phere as if they were loo filmy to yield to the 
demands of gravity like grosser thingp. The 
most delicate slip of gold leaf, exposed as a 
target to the sun's shafts, is not stirred to the 
extent of a hair, though an infant's faintest 
breath would set it into tremulous motioo. The 
tenderest of human organs — the apple of the 
eye — though pierced and bnfif^tad each day by 
thousands of sunbeams, sufTers no pain during 
the process, but rf j )ices in their sweetness, and 
blesses the useful light. Yet a few of those 
rayp, insinuating themselves into a mass of iron, 
like the 15 itannia tubular bridge, will compel 
the closely-knit particles to separate, and will 
move the whole enormous fabric with as much 
ease as a giant would Htir a straw. The play of 
those beams upon our sheets of water lifts up 
layer after layer into the atmosphere, and 
hoists whole rivers from their beds, only to 
drop them again in snows upon the hills, or in 
fattening showers upon the plants. L^t but 
the air drink in a little more sunshine at one 
place than another, and out of it springs the 
tempest or the hurricane, which dejolates a 
whole region in its lunatic wrath. The marvel 
is, that a power which is capable of assuming 
such a diversity of forms, and of producing 
such stupendous results, should come to us in 
so gentle, so peaceful and so unpretentious a 


Puzzle Box. 

The Tree puzzle which follows is one which 
has been the source of much amusement to my 
young friends, and I send it to the Rural 
Press, revised and abbreviated, hoping that 
some of the juvenile readers will carry the puz- 
zle still further, and make others for the ani- 
mals and insects: 

I. What Is the sociable tree? 
2 And tlie daucir g tree ? 

3. And the trew that is nearest the sea? 

4. '1 h-i bu-iieft tree ? 

^. And wbicli dotli yield tlie best? 

U. Aud the tree wlure saips may be? 

7. 'J'he laDgiiiahing tree? 

8. The least selfish t -ee? 

9. Aud the trea that be^rs a curse? 
10. The rhronolojiist free? 

II. The fisherman's tree? 

12. And the tree lik? aa Irish nurse ? 

13. What's the traitor tree? 

14. The tell-t«le tree? 

l.^i. And that tree which is warmest clad? 

16. The layman's t»ee? 

17. And the htusewife's tree? 

18. And the tree that makes us sad? 
I'J. The tree that to death incites you ? 

20. And the one that your nants will supply ? 

21. The tree tliit to travel invitei you? 

22. And the tree that forbids you to die? 
2X Tlie tree that is neither up nor down ? 

24. And that which makes one sieh ? 

25. The schoolmaster's tree? 

26. The tr<;e which we a'l are when old? 

27. The dandifed tree .' 

28. And the bush that cannot be cold ; 

29. Toe flghtiuK tree? 

30. And the treacherous tree ? 

31. Tne tree which got up a long while ago? 
.^2. The tree which is mother and child? 

33. The tree which can e rn a penny or so? 

34. And the herb which none call mild? 

33. What tree do we offer a f-iend when we meet? 
3j. And what is the tre^ for Sunday ? 
37. And what do we our dearest greet ? 
28. What is kept foi Mrs. Grundy? 
ra?adeni, Cal. J. C ('. 

Answers to Last Puzzles. 

Numerical Fnioma.— Washington. 
Decai'itations — 1. Sash, ash 2. Weight, eight. 3. 
Whim. bim. 4. Knot, not. 5. Vetch, etch. 6. Wasp, a?p 
7. Tact, act. 8. Hover, over. 9. Fuse, use. 

Syncopations —1. Hood. liod. 2. Fine, fie. 3. Hid", 

Charade,— He ro (w). 

ANAoRAM.— 1. Newiugton. 2. An lover 3 Manchester. 
4. DuubartoQ, 5. LittUton. 

X)ojviESTie G[eoj^o>/iY. 

Johnny Pig. 

Plf.asant Evenings.— It rests with the 
women of the household to make arrangements 
by which the evenings may be made pleasant 
for the entire household, young anrl old. Happy 
evenings at home are strong antidotes to the 
practice of looking for enjoyment abroad, and 
seeking for pleasure in, by and forbidden places, 
for relaxation and recreation will be indulged 
in somehow by most men, and happy are they 
who find in the home circle the diversion they 
need. A lively game, an interesting book read 
aloud, or, in musical families, a new song to be 
practiced, will furnish pastime that will make 
an evening pass pleasantly. A little forethought 
during the day, a little pulling of wires that 
need not appear will make the whole thing easy; 
and different ways and means may be provided 
for making the evening hours pass pleasantly, 
and a. time to be looked forward to with pleas- 
ant anticipations. Kich member of the family 
can help in doing this. We visited once in a 
large family where it was the duty of each sis- 
ter in turn to provide the evening's occupation, 
and there was a pleasant rtvaliy between them 
as to whose evening should be the most enjoy- 
able. The brothers entered full into the spirit 
of the simple home enteitainments, and were 
as loth to be obliged to spend an evening away 
from home as their sisters and parents were to 
have them absent. No wonder the family was 
a peculiarly united one. 

Proto-sed New Scientific Phrases. — Same 
scientific journals propose that men of science 
should be called "scientiates," and not "scien- 
tists," and that instead of using the phrase 
"scientific studies," we should rather employ 
"sciential studies." No doubt these changes 
would harmonize our expressions very closely 
with the Italian scitnziati and scienziali, but it 
is exceedingly questionable whether the adop- 
tion of these new words would add much to 
precision of statement, when the words now in 
use have very definite meanings attached to 

Little Johnny Ettaway's playmates called 
him "Johnny Pig;" and I don't wonder that 
they did, for he was one of the greediest boys 
that ever lived. 

Almost every day, when dinner was over, and 
he hal eaten so much he could not eat any 
more, he would beg his mamma with a dreadful 
whine not to give what was left of the pudding 
or pie, which wasn't much, I can assure you, 
to any one else, but to put it an ay in the closet, 
so that he niight "eat it by and by." 

And often he would stand for an hour &t a 
time before the »"'ndows of the bakery or candy 
store, with the tears running down his cheeks, 
in the deepest grief, because he could not eat 
everything he saw there. 

And he would follow men who were selling 
fruit from street to street, j ast as other boy s follow 
the soldiers, or a monkey on a hand-organ, in 
hopes that at last, to get rid of hiir, they would 
give him an apple, or an orange, or a banana. 
Well, Ut'! one very cloudy afternoon, Johnny 
Pig was coming from the druggist's with a small 
bottle of paragoric for the baby, who had a pain 
(paragoric was the only thing that coukl be 
swallowed that he could be trusted with), when 
he saw a man in front of him carrying a basket 
half-full of pretty pink paper packages, Johnny 
got as near as he could to this man and sniffed 
at the basket. 

It smelled delicious. Just like hia mamma's 
kitchen on cake-b„king days. 

The man ran up every stoop, and rang every 
door bel', and gave one of the packages to who- 
ever came to the door. At last, Johnny Pig, 
who was by this time a mile from home, and it 
was fast getting dark, asked the man what t'ley 

To Mothers. 

EmiORS Prkss:— I have a little child about ten months 
old. She is inclined to be very costive. I am nursing 
her, and feedinsr her on oatmeal, strained. I don't give 
her any cow's milk to drink. It is very hard to give 
medicine to her, so if any of your experienced mothers 
would Buzgest fome remedy 1 would be very thankful. 

Mrs. C. D., Napa City, Cal. 

Mill;; and Oil in Disease. 

Dr. W. W. Townsend, a well-known physi- 
cian in Philadelphia, in writing to the Scientific 
American on the use of milk as a diet in dysen- 
tery and typhoid fever, says: "I am now in 
my 75 sh year, and have witnessed several epi- 
demics of djsentery, typhoid, scarlet, and re- 
lapsing fevers, smallpox, measles, etc., and have 
used milk in every case coming under my care 
for near 40 years, in every stage of the disease. 
I will not say it is a cure, for I do not believe 
in the so-called "cures" and "specifics." Milk 
is the natural food of all mammalians. It not 
only sustains life, but promotes the growth of 
every part of the system. No ether article con- 
tains all these ingredients. It is the recupera- 
tive power of nature that performs the cure; and 
he who studies how to assist it by sustaining 
the system is the best physician, and milk is 
one of the best agents tbat can be used. In dys- 
entery I prefer fresh buttermilk, and all the pa- 
tient wants is perfect rest, and discard all irri- 
tating cathartics and purgatives. Mercury in 
any of its preparations is poison in dysentery or 
scarlet fever, and the physician who gives them 
will never be successful. If his patient recovers 
it will oe despite his treatment. I will add that 
in smallpox and scarlet fever I annoint the pa- 
tient from head tj feet with olive oil, by means 
of a badger brush, and repeat as often as it dis- 
appears, thereby allaying the heat, keeping open 
the pores of the skin, producing quietude, pre- 
venting congestion of the capillary circulation, 
and obviating the necessity of anodynes, I 
have practiced the greasing for .35 years, and 
was sneered at by my medical brethren for it 
and the milk treatment. Now, I believe it is 
n general use with the bast results. 

The Sin of Fretting, — There is one sin 
which, it seems to me, is everywhere and by 
everybody, underestimated, and quite too much 
overlooked in valuations of character. It is the 
sin of fretting. It is as common as air, as 
speech so common, that unless it rises above its 
usual monotone we do not even observe it. 
Watch any ordinary coming together of peoplf 
and see how many minutes it will be befoi 
somebody frets — that is, makes a more or less 
complaining statement of something or other 
which most probably everyone in the room, or 
on the stage, or the car, or the street corner, as 
it may be, knew before, and which most proba- 
bly nobody can help. Why say anything about 
if; It is cold, it is hot, it is wet, it is dry; 
somebady has broken an appointment, ill- cooked 
a meal; stupidity or bad faith somewhere has 
resulted in discomfort. There are always plenty 
of tilings to fret about. It is simply astonish- 
ing how much annoyance and discomfoit may 
be found in the course of every day's living, 
even at the simplest, if one only keeps a sharp 
eye out on that side of things. Even Holy 
Writ says we are born to trouble as sparks Hy 
upward. But even to the sparks flying upward, 
in the blackest of smoke there is a blue tky 
ab>ve, and the less time they waste on the 
road the sooner they will reach it. Fretting is 
all time wasted on che road. — Helen Ilunl 

' Cakes," said the man. 

"Gimme one," begged Johnny. 

"No," said t'le man; "I don't give them to 
little boys." 

Bat Johnny kept following and teasing and 
teasing until the man — it was quite dark now — 
said, "Well, as I have only a few left and I 
want to go to my supper, you may have one." 

Johnny snatched it without even a thank-you 
(greedy boys are never polite), sat down on the 
nearest doorstep, laid the bottle of paragoric by 
his side, tore cfT the pretty pink paper, and took 
a bite — a big bite. 

And then he jamped up, knocking over the 
bottle and breaking it into flinders, and stamped, 
ard choked, and sputtered, and wiped his 
mouth again and again on the sleeve of his new 

' Itxoasacake of soap. — Wide Awake, 

A Live Snake in a Human Stomach. — The 
following itjm, with slight alterations, is taken 
from the Oakland Tribune of recent date: The 
reprint is only after a personal interwiew with 
Mr. Wright, who assures us it is strictly cor- 
rect We have known the gentleman for many 
years, and believe him to be perfectly reliable 
Mr. Alfred Wright, a mining expert, who 
resides on Kigle avenne, between Park and 
Everrett, Alameda, and who has, of late, been 
giving his attention to the raising of fruit trees, 
has been singularly ill for two years past. lie 
s troubled with strange movements in his 
stomach, and sfllicted with an inordinate ap 
petite. He tried various physicians without ob 
taining relief, most of them pronouncing his 
malady dvspepsia. He finally went to. treating 
himself. Recently he has had fears in reference 
to some living thing within him, and abstained 
as far as possible from food. He then took 
some herbs, which actually killed whatever it 
was. Daring the past two weeks he was re 
lieved of a brown snake three or four feet long 
A portion of the skin, by actual measurement 
was fifteen inches in length and one inch in 
diameter. His impression is that he swallowed 
it while drinking water from a stream in the 
mountains. This is one of the most remarkable 
cases on record. Mr, Wright is doing well." 

ConjUMPtion. — Koch'd discovery of the true 
nature of tubercular consumption has naturally 
raised the hope that some means may be found 
to destroy in the system the organisms produc 
iog the disease. Mon?. Da Korab has recently 
described to the Paris Academy of Sciences an 
interesting experiment bearing on th 
subject. Tubercular matter from a guinea 
pig was placed in 10 tubes under favorabl 
conditions for development. Into three of the 
tubes helenino was introduced. At the end of 
a week the matter acted upon by the helenine 
had lost its inftctive power, while that in the 
other tubes still readily produced tubercalosis 

How to Cook Abelones. 

(Wiitten for Rural Prsss by L. U, McCann ) 
This curious shell-fish is found, at low tide, 
along our sea coasts, where it is firmly attached 
to the rooks by its sucker-like disk, and from 
which it has to be forced apart with some 
sharp, strong instrument before it comes to the 
consideration of the cook, in whose hands it 
makes a delicious dish, if properly prepared. 
Unless the method of its preparation is under- 
stood, however, it will prove to be as tough, un- 
palatable and hard to digest as sole-leather 
itself, which it will then greatly resemble. 

As no cook-book with which we are ac- 
quainted gives any instructions upon this sub- 
ject, we submit the following recipes for cooking 
abelones, whicti we have found upon repeated 
trials to be excellent. 

When brought in fresh from the sea the fish 
is separated from its shell and cleansed of its 
curious intestines. There is then left a hard, 
tough subittnce, looking like the sole of a 
horse's hoof, and covered with a thick, black 
skin, which should be peeled off. The rest of 
the clear, white gristle is cut with a sharp knife 
into very thin slices, which are laid between 
the folds of a clean, coarse towel, and pounded 
vigorously for a few moments, taking each slice 
separately, so as to insure its receiving its share 
of the beating. 

The abelone is than ready to be cooked in 
either of the following ways, always bearing in 
mind, however, that the quicker this is done 
the better the result, as long cooking absolutely 
ruins it, making it so tough as to be unfit to be 
eaten at all: 

Priei Abelones. 
Prepare and pound them as above directed. 
Then fry the slices in 6o^7^/^(7 hot lard for just 
three miautes and no more. Season with salt 
and pepper, and serve on a hot dish. 

A more fancy dish may be made by dipping 
the slices into beaten egg, rolling them in sifted 
cracker crumbs, and frying in the boiling lard 
for three minutes. Season and serve hot as 
above, with garnishing of curled parsley and 

Stewed Abslones. 
This makes an elegant breakfast dish. The 
abelone is sliced and pounded as above described, 
when it is put into a chopping bowl and minced 
very tine y. To a pint of this mince take a 
coffee cup of sweet cream, a tablespoonful of 
tl)ur and one of butter, four beaten eggs, with 
salt and pepper to taste; put all the ingredients 
excspt the abelone into the stewpan; let them 
come to a boil, stirring constantly to prevent 
burning. When they have cioked five minutes 
stir in the chopped abelone; let it cook three 
minutes more ; pour all upon a dish covered with 
hot buttered toast; garnish with sliced limes 
and parsley and serve hot. 

Abelone Soup. 
Take one quart of swett milk and one of 
witer; mix and put on to boil; chop into small 
pieces two slices of lean bacon, some parsley, 
thyme and two or three young onions. Add 
these to the milk and season with salt and pep- 
per to taste. Boil carefully to prevent scorch- 
ing. When almost done add a lump of butter 
the size of a hen's egg, rolled in Hour, one table- 
spoonful of vinegar and a gill of good cream. 
To this add a quart of the pounded and minced 
abelone and let all boil together three minutes 
more. Crumble four large crackers iuto your 
soup tureen, pour over them the boiling soup 
and serve at once. 
Santa Cruz, C*l. 

Head-Cheese. — The time of the year is at 
hand for head-cheese, sausage?, and all such 
things; for that reason recipas for making will 
not be out of place. After the heads have been 
properly trimmed(i. e., minus eyes, ears, and 
nose), and soaked in cold water two days at 
least to extract the blood, wash them in warm 
wat ir and put on to boil ; cook them in plenty of 
watsr till the bones drop out, then set off to 
cool, pouring all the liquid into one vessel and 
the meat in anit'ier; as soon as cool enough pick 
out every bone with your fingers, then chop the 
meat fine, the same a» though making hash, 
season with plent/ of pepper, salt, and pulvar- 
d sage. It is an improvement for those who 
are fond of high seasoning to chop up a good 
large red pepper with the meat, and put just a 
pinch of ground spice and cloves in with the 
pepper and salt. Ski.n all the grease you can 
off the liquid and put it and the meat back in 
the pot; let all boil together a few minutes, then 
pour in a pan to cool. If there are pigs' feet to 
pickle, bjil at the same time and put the water 
they are cooked in in the head-cheese. — Oer- 
mantown T elegraph. 

Buds. — Djliciou) buns for tea aremade thus: 
Stir nearly half a pound of butter with one 
cup of cream; add half a pound of sugar, and 
beat them together until light; beat four eggs 
also very light, and add, at the same time stir- 
ring in three-quarters of a pound of Hour; a 
teaspoonful and a half of baking powder should 
be thoroughly mixed with the Hour first; flivor 
with a little nutmeg; add currants if you choose, 
and a little brandy is thought by some people 
to be an addition. Bike as soon as possible 
after making them; roll them in the shape of 
round biscuits, and rub them over the top with 
a little milk in whicb you have dissolved some 


fAeiFie R.URAL fRESS. 

[January 13, 1883 

CO., Publishers. 

W. B. KWBK. 



OgUe, g5S Market St. , N. E. Cor. Front St.,S.F. 
trTake the EUvator, No. It Front St..m9 

Addrisi editorial and busineBS letters to the Ann. Ik. 
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We hope the terms offered above will induce those sub 
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1! mos 
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Large advertisements at favorable rates. Special or 
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Entered at San Francisco P. O. as second-class matter 

The Scientiflc Press Patent Agrency. 
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e. B. BTBOna 


Saturday, January 13 1883 


AQBICULTURiL NOTES, from the various 

counties of California, 24-25- 

the National Orantfc; At Haywards; National Grange 
Choir; Election of Ollieers; Annual Meetinif Grangers' 
Binl(;The Oranjre, 24 

ILLiUSTBATlONS— The Perils of the Mountaineers 
—The Forests Ablaze, 21. Twigs and Leaves of the 
California White Saee, 29. 

NEWS IN BRIEF— On page 25 and other pages. 

EDITORIALS. - Slate Horticultural Society, 25. 
The Week; California Agriculture iu 1S82, 28. An 
Unfortunate Fire; A FamouH Uoney Plant, 29. Rain- 
fall and Temperature in California, 33. 

QUERIES AND REPLIES.— Fertilizers for Grape 
Vines, 2-?. 

HORTICULTURE.— The Fruit Growers' Conven- 
tion, 23, 30, 34 

nORRESl'fJNDENCE. — Home-Making in ShasU 
Count^ ; Arroyo Grande; Surveying, 22. 

THE FIELD —Beet Raising, 22. 

HOME CIRCLE. — Going blind; An Invocation 
(Poetry); The Chest of Drawers, 26. The Grand 
Bumper Degree, 26-27. Sunbeams; Pleasant Even- 
ings; Proposed New ^scientific Phrases, 27. 

YOUNOFOLKS' COLUMN.-Puzzle Box; Johnny 
Pig, 27. 

GOOD HEALTH.— To Mothers; Milk and Oil in Pis- 
ease; The Sin of Fretting; A Snake in a Human 
Stomach; Consumption, 27. 

DOMESTIC ECONOMY— How to Cook Abalones; 
Head Cheese; Buns, 27. 

Business Announcements. 

Agriculturil Machinerv- -Baker it Hamilton, S. F. 
Barb Fencing Hawley Bros.' Hardware Co. 
Harrows— Byron Jackson, S. F. 
Eureka Carl— David N. Hawley, S. F. 
Header— Geo. Bull & Co., S. F. 

Manure Spreader— Kemp & Burpee Co , Syracuse. N. Y. 
Books and Seeds- B. K. Bliss & Sons, New York. 
Kicffer Pear— J. Winchester, Columbia, Cal. 
Home Magazine— T. S. Arthur & Son, Phil»delpbia, Pa. 
Removal— Barry Place Machine Co. , S. F. 
Cuttings— D. W. McLeod, Riverside, Cal. 
Ranch for .Sale— C. H. Phillips & Co., San Luis Obispo. 
Pianos— SUtham A: Co., S. F. 
Jerseys— Henry Pierce, S. F. 
"Abel Sterns Kanchos"— Los Angeles county, Cal. 
Victor Mowing Machine— Judson Ml'g Co., 3. F. 

California Agriculture In 1882. 

The year 18S2 was a year of comparatively 
light rainfall, and some great districts of the 
State did but little to awell the aggregate of 
the year's production, and yet the total value 
yielded by the soil far exceeded the record of 
any previous "year. No better evidence could 
be had of onr progress in the agricultural attj 
and in the general development of our agricul- 
tural resources; never before was irrigation 
water used to so good advantage; never before 
was cultivation with a view to the conservation 
and utilization of moisture so widely practiced 
Each year are California farmers learning to 
use better the peculiar conditions under which 
they work. 

It is shown by the records that the value of 
the exports of the State, exclusive of treasure 
for the year 1882, was about $58,000,000, and 
value of the imports about $44,000,000, which 
leaves a balance of about $14,000,000 on our 
side of the trade with the world. The condi 
ticn of the banks and other institutions of trust 
and of private enterprises during the year 
shows it to have been a year of successas and 
general prosperity. 


The course of trade in the leading cereal has 
been on the whole satisfactory to those who 
had wheat t3 sell, and the price has been bet 
ter than for the last few years, as is shown by 
the following table, which gives the exporti 
and value of wheat during the apeoitied years 
which were as follows: 

Years. Ctls. Value. 

1882 18,B2y,15-2 $31,001 200 

1881 19,977,20« 30,77«,1BS 

1880 9,37a 835 16,240 248 

1879 10,511,347 lU,22l|968 

1878 8,0^9.131 14 457,6 

1877 4,901.758 10.927,608 

1876 9,920.117 10.971,959 

The receipts in this city month by month, 
and the average of prices prevailing for No. 

shipping wheat, are shown as follows: 

Receipts Pi ices 

Sacks. per ctl. 

January 1,773,558 31. 05 (ftl.T2J 

February 1,175.260 1.65 cal 75 

March 1,956,050 1.02J(al.65 

April 1,585,913 1.57*1" 1 65 

May 1,380,863 l..'.7ic«l 72t 

June 949.757 1 07Ji<i-1.7 

July 1,051,544 1 674iiel.77i 

August 1,351,351 1.67i^l 77* 

September 2,060.969 1.62*yl.75' 

October 2,508,203 1.02i(!f 1.67J 

November 1,687,966 1.05 (31.75 

December 1,426,277 1 70 (gl 78 

ToUls 18,917,726 


Barley has had an unusually acbive year and 
a high range of values. The production was 
limited somewhat by tlie fact that barley had 
ruled for several years and growers had sick 
ened of the crop. The call system of dealing 
also enlivened the barley market, as the gam 
biers showed a fondness for this grain. The 
following is the barley record: 
Receipts, sacks. 

January 73,30'J 

February 04,845 

March 00,014 

April 5j,782 

May 95,982 

June 102,863 

July 96.154 

August 101,698 

September. 227,283 

Oclober 232,087 

November 240,050 

December 103, 

The Week. 

The week has found its chief topic of interest 
in the assembling of the Legislature at Sacra- 
mento, The tirst meeting was on Monday. 
On Tuesday the two Houses were organized, and 
heard the message of the retiring Governor, and 
the next thing will be the inauguration of Gov- 
ernor btonemau, and then for a run of law 
making. The Assembly chose as Speaker Hon, 
H. M, Lallue, of Sacramento county, a well- 
known farmer, a man of sterling worth and of 
good standing throughout the IStats. He is the 
choice of the agricultural interest in the slick- 
ens threatened valleys, and a man who, we be- 
lieve, will honor the Speaker's chair in the As- 

This week we conclude the report of the San 
Jose convention. It has proved a compendium 
of information on the fruit interest of the State, 
and as it will be ready io pamphlet form in a 
few days, will be in good form to preserve or to 
send tn distant friends and correspondents. 

In other pages will be found a comprehensive 
table of rainfall and temperature at 37 differ- 
ent points in California for the last decade, to 
which the reader's attention is called, j 

Prices, per ctl. 

«l.!'i2J(fil 75 
1 65 (rtl.90 
1.50 Wl 95 
1.45 (<il.75 
1.6i> (<i 1.90 
1.50 <g.2 00 
1.15 (f«1.40 
1.23 («1 !I7J 
1.25 (oil. 45 
1 27.i((rl.42 
1 30 («1.55 

Oats have rated high nearly all thiongh the 
year. The crop was light and considerable 
quantities have been imported. The closing 
months of the year have seen a very quiet trade, 
as the supplies were well concentrated and dis- 
posed of to those who had pressing needs. The 
year's receipts and prices were as loUows : 

Prices per ciL 

81.70(ai 90 
1 30(<t2.05 

Receipts, s'ks. 

January 43,449 

February 32,583 

March 24,114 

April 10.628 

May 4,720 

June 1,232 

July 13,802 

August 35,736 

September 5» 671 

October 49,7»2 

November 27,807 

December 29,925 

Total 333,504 


Corn was also a light crop, and Eastern sup- 
plies were relied upon to till the demand. 
There has been little life in the trade, and the 
great reliance of the prairie States has cut but a 
small figure in California production and trade 
this year. The following is the record: 

Piices per ctl. 
1 »0*r2.16 
1 87*(«2.25 
1.75(31 SO 
1 05(31. 77i 
l.OOorl 75 
1 70(81.75 
1 021(*2.00 
1 .60(gl.9€ 

Receipts, s'hs, 

January 5',6f2 

February . -lite- 
March 38.290 

April ^fil^ 

May 4 9ai 

June 9^056 

Ju'v 10,151 

August 10.517 

September. 13i.564- 

October 9fiW 

November 10,792 

December 12,379- 

Total 135,401 


Kye has been active and very high prices 
have prevailed. Rye, too, was avery small crop, 
and those sections where it is grown were 
speedily relieved of all they had. lijceipts and 
prices have been as follows: 

Prices per ctl 

2 00^2.2 
2.154?2 25 
2 26(«2.30 
2 10(a2.20 
1.75(32 00 
2 00(32.20 
1 90(32.10 
l.-'(S> 1 

Receipts, s'ks. 


February 725 

March 1,960 

April 954 

May 1,911 

June 4,980 

July 0-52 

August 2,767 

September 6 403 

October 4,087 

November 6,275 

December 11.4!)9 

Total 41,173 


Bran has been a favorite material on the call 
Boards and prices have been run up to ridicu 
lous figures some weeks. Millers have, how 
ever, continued to sell out to stock feeders, be 
ing content to realize but a small part of the 
advance in value which appeared on paper, 
The bran receipts and prices for the year have 
been as follows : 

Receipts, tons. Prices per In 

January 29,956 $18.00 

February 24,036 19.50 

March 84,770 17. 

April 22,277 13 00 

May 3I,4'»7 14.00 

June 47,3'i6 14 .iO 

July 19,411 14 50 

August 33,234 16.50 

September 29 048 17.00 

October 26,942 17.50 

November 28,886 18.00 

December 25,799 17.50 

Total 352,661 


Potatoes have done fairly well all the year, 
although occasionally falling too low. The 
trade had something of a sensation in the high 
prices which prevailed last spring, when pota 
toes ran higher than for years. This year's 
crop is believed to be quite moderate in extent 
and good prices are expected this winter, al 
though last winter's values led to quite an in- 
crease in last summer's planting. 

Receipts, s'ks. Prices psr ct 

January 78,802 1.26('tl.75 

February 71.863 1.55(31.90 

March 83,063 1.80^2.30 

April 58,162 1.75(cr2.20 

May 24,078 1 00(<i2.30 

June 49,848 1.25(31.50 

July 74,836 . 70(3 .90 

August 75,827 .SOtrf 

SepUmber 79,4.10 .50(3 »73 

October 101,644 . 7.1@1.10 

November 176,061 .80(31.15 

December 76,973 . 70(31 10 

Total 889,402 


Onions have had a monotonous course and 
low average value all the year. Many of very 
poor quality have been marketed and sold be- 
low cost, no doubt. The usual winter rise 
which sometimes carrier onions so high did not 
come at all last winter. The following is the 
list : 

Receipts, s'ks. Pi ices per ctl. 

Januaiy 6,700 . 56(3 -80 

February 8,64* .60(3 -90 

March 7,882 .75(31.05 

April 5,073 . 60«H.O0 

May 5,403 1.00(31 

June 8,020 . 60(3 . 75 

July 4,216 .45(3 .75 

August 8,572 .50® SO 

September 11,458 .60(3 

October 14,211 ,30(3 .00 

November 9 786 . 27K* .5 

December 8,398 .60^ .80 

Total 94,461 


The light rainfall of last snmmer cut the hay 
crop quite short, and the increased require- 
ments of the StUe, coupled with the light crop, 
have given a year of comparatively high prices. 
The unusually early growth of feed did of 
course do much to reduce the need for hay, but 
it was fortunately so, for with all the green 
feed there will be no surplus of hay in any part 
of the State so far as we know. 

Receipts, tons. 

January 3,867 

February 4 690 

March 5.116 

April 4,701 

May 4,443 

June 6.746 

July 8 806 

August 10,628 

September 10,4:t9 

Oc'ober 6 772 

November 5,C-*5 

December 4,827 

Prices per ton. 

t 9..'i0(n:15.00 
10 bOtl' 16 50 
10 00(if 15.00 
10 00(316.00 
12 60<3l« 50 
13.00(317 00 

Total . 


The wool trade has been slow all the year and 
prices not so satisfactory as the rates prevailing 
during the preceding two or three years. In 
another column may be found a full review of 
the wool trade of the year. The following is 
the record of receipts and range of prices: 

Receipts, balca. Pilots per lb. 

January 3.499 . 09 (,«.21 

Fel>ruary 1,616 .09 (<f.21 

March 414 .09i(if.21 

April 10,365 .12J(«.22 

May 27.995 .15 C*.27 

June 8.932 .15 C«.27i 

July 7,531 .14J(3.27 

August 4.679 .14 (3.27i 

September 7,997 .14 (<?.'27| 

Octobtr 16.857 .OitJ(".l7i 

N^vimber 10.33J .Oflttr.l? 

Decemlier ... 6,«.9 . 091(3 VJ 



Hops have been the sensation of the year, 
and have furnished the fortunate growers a 
heavy supply of coin. Just now there is a per- 
fect passion for hop growing, and roots are not 
to be had in sufficient supply. The record of 
the year's prices will be of interest. 

Receipts, bales. Prices per Iti. 

January 21D t .20(<*.27 

February ii2 

March 74 

April 214 

Ma» 101 

June 372 

July 10 

August 369 

September 4,567 

October 5,63'^ 

November 1^281 

December 47 



The butter maker has had to content himself 
with rather a low average price this year, al- 
though it has been better than he lived through 
two or three years ago. The early growth of 
feed brought in large supplies of fresh butter, 
and made it rather a co d day for the large 
amounts of pickled roll and firkin butter which 
were held fur the usual fall scarcity. Some in- 
jurv has also been done by the bogus butter 
mikeis. The following is the record of re- 
ceipts and prices: 

Receipta, ttis. Prices per lb. 

Jaiuary 83 .70J .30 (*,35 

Feliruary IMS 600 . 30 ffl.32i 

.««rch I.<-71 JUO .27iS.32| 

ArrU 1.1 10.1)1,0 .25 ^.271 

May 1.310,100 .274'*. 30 

June 1,346,4j0 .27 @.30 

July 970.800 . 28 ^.31 

August 1,042.600 . 32i(3.35 

September 1. 348.200 . 36 if. 421 

October 1,427.200 . 37JC<».45 

November 679.700 . 30 (^.36 

December 660,00i) .27J(g.32J 


Cheese makers have escaped from the troubles 
of the butter makers, and have fouad their 
product selling very well. The year's produc- 
tion has also been quitj large, as seen below. 
California cheese is growing in favor and should 
be totally freed from the competition with the 

Receipts, thi. 

JanuRry 463.9r0 

Fcbruaiy 453, '00 

March 672.900 

April 67i'.70O 

May 834. ICO 

June J60 9'0 

July 703,6C0 

August 616,700 

September 547, tOO 

October 670.000 

Novemlier 488 700 

December 309,311 

Prices per n>. 
.16 (8.19 
.17 ».VSS 
.14 (^.16i 
.12 m.l3 
.12 ((C,13i 
.13 CO. 131 
.13 iSi.U 
.14 0.141 
.14 @.15 



The consumption of eggs on this coast is im- 
mense, and besides the large numbers of Cali- 
fornia production, as shown below, there are 
train loads of Eistern eggs brought in. Tne 
review of the following list of the year's prices 
show what the California egg producer enjoys: 

Receipts, dozs. 

January 406.830 

Februaiy IA6J7 

March 592,8i0 519.920 

May 451,310 

June 483,942 

July 4,6,459 

August 400,110 

ptember SiaOOO 

October 324,160 

November : 298,940 

Dcctiuber 204.080 

Prices i>er doz, 
.30 «t.35 
.25 (.f .27J 
.20 «r.21 
.20 (^.31 
.22 (3.26 
.23 (3.26 
.35 0.40 
.46 ca?.48 
.40 ®.46 

Other Products. 
We are unable at this time to completo the 
review of California products, but will take 
them up at some future time. The tignres 
given show that the agricultural interest turns 
out something, and there are many moie which 
have a similar significance. 

Square Up the Year. 

Now that we have entered upon a new year, 
we would thank all nur patrons who have not 
paid their subscripii <a3 in advance to forward 
their remittances as soon is possible. 

The receipt of money is just now rendered 
more necessary and desirable to us from the 
fact that we contemplate dressing up onr read- 
ing columns with bright nnw type. So please 
let us hear from friends all over the Kural field 
as promptly and liberally as possible. 

SxEAiM CCLTIVATION. — Our friends in the 
vicinity of Stockton are still working at the 
introduction of steam cultivating machinery, 
and we hope they will soon be able to demon- 
tr&ta its practicability and profit. A meeting 
of the Globe Steam Cultivation Co. was held 
at the office of M. C. Fisher, in Stockton, on 
Saturday last, when the following officers were 
elected: Joseph D. Peters, President; \Vm. K. 
Fisher, Vice President, and Arthur W. Bell, 
Secretary and Treasurer. The company is at 
present engaged in shipping its machinery 
from San Francisco to Stockton; hut as its ag- 
gregate weight amounts to about 130 toes, and 
will have to be put together after its arrival, it 
will be some time before the company will be 
able to commenoe operations. 

Saturday night the Los Angeles Electric 
Light Co., having completed preparations, for 
the first time turned the lights on all the seven 
masts in that city. Parties in the country 
could see to drive by the electric light four mile* 
distant from the town. 

January 13, 1883.] 



Fertilizers for Grape Vines. 

Eds. Prf,8S:— If not ttespassinsr too much upon your 
valuable time, I will be obliged if you will answer the 
following' ([ueations through the Pkess, of which I am 
a subscriber. I wish to know the best and cheapest 
manure for vines, or that which will give the largest 
and quickest returns for the money invested. My soil is 
a light sanuy, and has to be irrigated some two or three 
times a year.— Kiiadbk, Los Angeles Co. 

The suVj ct is one which probably many of 
our readeid are considering, and a general {re- 
view of the materials available will be timely. 
As experience in fertilizing grape lands in this 
State is not extended, although there is now 
quite a disposition toward it, we will seek a 
general statement of the requirements of the 
vine and the best way to meet them, as laid 
down in French authorities on vine growing. 
In the first annual report of Executive Officer 
Wetmore to the Viticultural Commissioners 
there is a translation of a manual on grape 
growing by Prof. Faex, of the National Agricul- 
tural School at Montpellier. Therefrom we 
quote as follows: 

The vine requires at the same time nitrogen, 
phosphate of lime, and potash; the first two 
seem to give the plant a powerful and vigorous 
vegotation, and the third appears to favor the 
production of sugar in the fruit. All fertilizsrs 
containing these three elements in suitable pro- 
portions, and sufficiently assimilated, may, 
therefore, be advantageously applied. 

Ordinarily, for fertilizing vmeyards in the 
South, stable manure, sheep's manure, fecal 
matter, woolen rags, born, old leather, oil- 
cakes, residuum of grapes, reed-canes, seaweed, 
branches of divers wild plants, such as box, 
rock-rose, etc., and soot, are used; moreover, 
divers chemical composts may be used with ad- 

Stable manure contains from four to five- 
tenths per cent, of nitrogen, from seven to 
eight-tenths of phosphoric acid, and about four 
or five tenths of potash. From 22 to .33 tons 
are applied to the hectare (two acres, one rood, 
35 perches) every four years; in a rather fresh 
state, in impermeable, clayey land, and more or 
less decomposed in soil that is light or of aver- 
age consistency, and especially where calcar- 

Sheep's manure contains .72 per cent, of 
nitrogen, one and fifty-two one-hundredths ppr 
cent, of phosphoric acid. As far as known it 
is richer than stable manure; its effect on vege- 
tation, also, is more apparent and of shorter du- 
ration; a dose of about twelve tons is used every 
three years. 

Fecal matter, the composition of which is 
quite variable, is not valued as a fertilizer for 
vines on account of its too energetic action on 
vegetation, which causes the production of 
watery must, and wines wanting in solidity. 
Its influence does not last more than a year. 
These inconveniences may be paliated, and a 
more advantageous result be obtained, by mix- 
ing the fecal matter with vegetable debris 
(water tan, sawdust, peat, seaweed, etc). 

Woolen rags, containing from ten to fifteen 
per cent, of nitrogen and quite a large propor- 
tion of phosphoric acid, are highly valued by 
southern viticulturists, especially for dry lands, 
where they preserve a freshness favorable to 
the vines. From one to two tons is used to the 
hectare, and the effect lasts for four or five 

Horn (fourteen and eighty-six hundredths per 
cent, of nitrogen and forty-six and fourteen 
hundredths per cent, of phosphate of lime and 
magnesia) acts still more slowly than rags. It 
is the same with old leather, which, for this 
reason, must be decompssed before being used, 
in composts of lime, or fermented in manure. 

Residuum of grapes contains one and seventy- 
one one hundredths per cant, of nitrogen, and 
about five-tenths per cent, of potash. Owing to 
its acidity it should be used either in calcareous 
soil, or after having been mixed with powdered 
lime, or with wood ashes. 

Reeds, seaweed, chips, etc., maybe applied in 
heavy soil, after having been coarsely chopped, 
or in lighter soil after being previously decom- 
posed. These divers fertilizars contain nitro- 
gen in the following quantities: Box, one and 
seventeen one hundredths per cent.; reeds, 
forty-three hundredths per cent. ; seaweed, 
from forty to forty-five hundredths per cent. 

Soot contains one and fifteen one hundredths 
per cent, of nitrogen, aad a rather large propor- 
tion of phosphate of lime and salts of potash; 
therefore it produces very remarkable effects on 
the vine, especially in calcareous soil. Two or 
three tons are used to the hectare. Its action 
is annual, or nearly so. 

Divers chemical composts, containing nitro- 
gen, phosphoric acid or potash miy be used, 
either as complements to other incomplete com- 
posts, or mixed together in suitable proportions 
to satisfy in themselves all requirements of the 
vine. In t'ois last case the tollowing formula 
may be uied, for which we are indebted to Mr. 
George Ville, and which has yielded good re- 

Superiihosphate of lime— pounds to the hectare 1.323 

Nibia'eui' potash— pounds ta the heccare 441 

Nitrate of soda - pounds to the hectare 221 

Sulpbatu of lime -pouniB to thi hectare 6oZ 

Furthermore, we may use advantageously a 
mixture o': 

Snlphate of amraonio— pounds to lb? hectare 662 

Alkaline salts uf Berre— poundn to the hectare 882 

Superpnosphatu of lime— pounds to the hectare 1,1U3 

In addition to these many other compositions 
of this nature are possible, according as it is 

easier or cheaper to procure such and such pro- 
duct containing one of the elements sought for. 
For example, nitrogen may be found in thesul- 
phates and nitrates of ammonia, and in nitrates 
of potash or soda; phosphoric acid, in ordinary 
mineral phosphates, bones, animal charcoal, and 
superphosphates; then, potash, in alkaline or 
sulphatic salts of Berre, sulphate of potash, 
chloride of potassium, sulphide of potassium, 
and the divers carbonates of potash (salts of 
beet roots, suint potash). 

Although, as we have just said, we are gen- 
erally guided by the price of the desired ele- 
ment, in the divers forms just given, neverthe- 
less many of them act better than others on the 
vine, or in certain conditions of the soil. Chlo- 
ride and sulphide of potassium and nitrate of 
potash, for instance, seem to yield better re- 
sults than the other salts of potash, and, in or- 
der to introduce phosphoric acid in calcareous 
soil, only superphosphates should be used, neu- 
tral phosphates not producing sensible effacts in 
such land. Chemical composts are generally ab- 
sorbed the first year. It is well to use farm- 
yard manure alternately with the latter. 

This review of French authority on the sub- 
ject may aid our readers in their inquiries as to 
what is most available in their own localities. 

How THE Meat Shippers Circdmvent the 
Railroads. — The,Chioago ^Parmer's Revieiv nays: 
The new business of shipping dressed meatj to 

An Unfortunate Fire. 

Most conflagrations are unfortunate, but 
some particularly so when they destroy struo 
tures of public value and thus rob a multitude 
of people of comfort or enjoyment. Such was the 
fire at the Golden Gats Park, in San Francisco, 
on January 6th which destroyed a large part 
of the beautiful conservatory, one of the finest 
and largest in the country. 

Oajthe morning of Jan. 6th, the young man in 
charge of the heating apparatus took a short 
walk between 9 and 10 o'clock, and during his 
absence the fire broke out. 

The central portion of the conservatory, nnder 
the great dome, was totally destroyed, but the 
wings of the building are but little damaged by 
the fire. The damage consists mostly of the 
breaking of a comparatively few panes of glass. 
There were perhaps '20 palms in the central por- 
tion of the building, worth from .?50 to .$100 
each. Many of these will doubtless be saved 
by digging up the roots, well protected by earth, 
boxing them and keeping them in a house of 
proper temperature for six or eight months. 
Only a few of the orchists were destroyed, as 
they were in the westerly wing, and they are 
being protected by cloths until a temporary 
heating apparatus can be ul/ilized. The Victoria 



Eastern cities does not seem to be seriously 
affected as vet by the threatening attitude as- 
sumed by W. H. Vanderbilt, and his syndicate 
of New York butchers, who, it is said, have 
formed a combination for the purpose of break- 
ing up a trade which has not only been found 
profitable to those engaged in it, but which 
has proved a boon to consumers at all Eastern 
points where refrigerators have been estab- 
lished. The only complaints heard thus far 
come from Eastern butchers and the various 
railroad lines whose former profits have disap- 
peared before the shrewd calculations of the 
enterprising Western men who, after years of 
high freight-rates and exhorbitant commissions, 
hit upon a plan that did away with the risks 
and inconveniences of shipping cattle on the 

Papkr From a New Source — A new branch 
of industry has sprung up in Sweden lately — 
the fabrication of paper from moss, not from the 
living plant, but from the bleached and blanched 
remains of mosses that lived centuries ago, and 
of which enormous masses have accumulated 
in most parts of Siveden. A manufactory of 
paper from this material has begun operations 
near Joenkaeping, and is turning out paper in 
all degrees of excellence, from tissue to sheets 
three-quarters of an inch in thicknejs. These 
latter are harder than wood. 

TriK Workingmen of the Fifth New York 
Congressional District nave formed an associa- 
tion to oppose the admission of European pro- 
ducts whereby wages can be lowered, 

Regia and other choice plants in the eastern 
wing will probably die. 

The entire structure was 250 ft. long, con- 
structed in oriental style, graceful in outline 
and highly ornamental. The main entrance, 
which was burned, was 25 ft. square, with a 
majolica fountain in the canter. A terra cotta 
fountain of handsome design was in constant 
play among the mass of tropical foliage sur- 
rounding it. The conservatories covered an 
area of 15,000 ft., and contained over 10,00 
case plants and greens. Thirty-five tons of 
glass and three tons of putty were used in the 

The loss by fire is difficult to estimate, but 
S15, 000 would not cover the money expended, 
aside from the care and time required. The 
fire !s believed to have caught from the heating 

The Swiss and the Phylloxera.— We read 
that very satisfactory progress has been made 
in Switzerland in the warfare against the phyl- 
loxera. Every vine found infested has hten 
burnt in the cantons of Geneva, Yaud and Lu- 
cerne, and a special tax has been levied on the 
owners of uninjured vines for compensation of 
the proprietors of those destroyed. By the 
outlay of a comparatively small sum vines val- 
ued at §200,000,000 have thus been saved. 
Some time back it was proposed that this 
method of preservation should be adopted in 
France; but it was discovered that French leg- 
islatinn on rural property vrould interfere with 
carrying it into execution, 

A Famous Honey Plant, 
L. — 

THe CaUfomia Sages. 
(Written for the Rural Prrss by W. A. Prval. 

Not only is California famous for its speci- 
mens of vegetable growth of huge proportions, 
but also for some of much less imposing app car- 
ances. Among the latter there is no plant that 
has made this State more renowned than has 
the white or honey sage of Southern California. 
Hardly 10 years ago it was looked upon as a 
useless shrub, scarcely fit for sheep to browse 
upon. Since then the honey bee has made it 
famous. When it became known that honey 
flowed from the flowers of this plant, as it was 
never known to do even in old Greece, and of a 
quality far superior, thousands of colonies of 
bees were located in the sage region. During 
our favorable years these bees gathered the 
honey from the flowers about them in such 
large quantities that many an ocean craft was 
weighted down with the nectar. 

To all parts of the world has this delicious 
article been sent, and everywhere it has secured 
for the place from whence it came praises that 
no other honey laud ever received. Besides the 
good words this State has obtained by its excel- 
lent honey the people have received thousands 
of dollars which would never have entered the 
State if the nectar was wasted on the desert 
air, or if the plant in question did not exist in 
our midst. 

The cut herewith shown gives a fair repre- 
sentation of a part of the stalk, the leaves, 
and a single flower of the white sage, the flow- 
ers being enlarged to show its peculiar form. 
It belongs to the genus Andibertia, of the order 
Labialm, to which also the garden and other 
sages belong. 

These plants are of great value as bee pastur- 
age, as they are of easy growth, will thrive on 
drier soil than will most other honey-secreting 
plants, and their season of efforescence contin- 
ues many weeks. The writer has cultivated 
the white sage in Alameda county near Berke- 
ley, and as a result the finds that it thrives re- 
markably, growing luxuriously on cultivated 
soil, and producing an abundance of bloom. It 
is a plant of which every apiarist should dis- 
seminate the seeds as much as possible, so that 
in the course of a few years large patches of the 
plants may be found in the hills and valleys in 
various parts of the State. By doing this, such 
a thing as' a short honey crop will hardly ever 
be known. 

The Rev. J. C. Nevin, of Los Angeles county, 
in writicg of the sages lately, says: "There are 
at least half a dozen species of Amlibera/ia on 
the coast included under the popular names of 
'white' and 'black' sage. The 'white' {Au- 
diherlia Pohjstachya) differs very much in the 
form of inflorescence from all the others, and 
from that of the genuine sage. Its whole ap- 
pearance makes it a lather striking plant, and 
when once known, to be easily recognized any- 
where. Its range extends from Santa Barbara 
to San Diego. All lovers of the beautiful white 
honey gathered from its flowers ought to know 
and regard it with feelings of gratitude. 

" 'Ball,' 'Button,' or 'Black' sage, is un- 
doubtedly a common name for several distinct 
species. Their general habit is much the same, 
whilst ordinarily the specific distinctions may 
not be so obvious. The whole appearance is 
more nearly like the true sage than is the 
white' above mentioned. Of the number, A. 
Stadiyoides, A. Palmeri and A. Clevelaridi are 
very closely allied and most dil£cnlt to distin- 
guish, A. Slackyoides ranges from the Contra 
Costa mountains southward, while A. Palmeri 
and A. Clevdandi are confined to the southern 
part of the state. Just what precise form pre- 
vails around Los Angeles has not as yet been 
definitely settled, but it is mostly nearto, if not 
identical, with A. Palmeri, the typical form of 
which is found in San Diego county. 
N. Temescal. 

The Jersey Breeders' Good Fortune. — 
The breeders on the island of Jersey are mak- 
ing plenty of hay while the sun shines. A 
correspondent of an Eastern exchange tells of 
the business of one breeder as follows: Not 
only did my good friend, Mr. C. F. Dorey (as 
was very fit and proper, seeing that he sold 
Coomassie herself for only 200 guineas), obtain 
£1,000 for his Khedive's Primrose, but others 
of our breeders obtained £300 twice, £200 sev- 
eral times, and £100 often for other animals. 
While on the topic of prices it is worth relating 
that Khedive's Primrose was picked up a year 
ago by Mr. D.orey for £10. In May last she 
won for him first prize over the island, as a 
"two-year -old in milk," in a large and good 
class, and came near carrying cfT the champion 
cup as best animal in the show, but her youth 
tripped her up. And now she has brought him 
the sensational price of £1,000 — so far not even 
approached, i.t least here in the island — and all 
for £16— and judgment. 

Jupiter's Spot. — The great red spot on the 
planet Jupiter is reported by some observers to 
be growing fainter, with the prospects of an 
early disappearance. Others can detect no 
change. This remarkable object, nearly 30,- 
000 miles in length and more than S,000 in 
breadth, which has for (more than three years 
maintained its size and shape 'without material 
change while moving across Jupiter's surface, is 
still a source of much perplexity to astronomers. 


fAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

[January 13, 1883 

Tlie Fruit Growers' Convention. 

(Continued from Page 23.) 
follow out our instruotionB; give us gooi , bright, 
clean, dried fruit, and you will find ready sale 
for it, and yon cannot overdo the amount. ^\ e 
want more than you will be able 1 1 dry for 
years to come. Let t ie canning and dried fruit 
interest go forward, and don't stop or 
throw anything whatever in the way of the 
progress of such great interests, You are to a 
certain extent dependent upon them for the dis- 
position of the surplus fruits raised by you. and 
they are building up for you and your children 
something that we, as Californians, should be 
proud of— that is, the banner frnit-producing 
State of the Union. 


Mr. Owen: I would like to ask the gentle- 
man a few questions— it follows in the line of 
what I was going to say. We want to know, if 
the gentleman is going to furnish us a market 
for dried fruit, what kind of fruit do you 
want us to grow, what kind of fruit is in de- 
mand, either peaches, apples, plums or apricots, 
or do you want them all ? 

Mr. Hayden: In reply to that I would say 
that we want all kinds, and in regard to the 
particular variety of plums that you 
should dry, those are matters tiat are 
for future consideration: they are ques- 
tions that are open to debate. Some will 
tell you that acertiin plum will dry 19 pounds 
*o the hundred, and others tell you or 24 
pounds. Those arc matters we have not 
as yet thoroughly investigated ourselves. Wnat 

ed to such an extent (with the larvii; of the 
codlin moth) that if stringent measures are not 
adopted to destroy (or exterminate those 
pests before next spring, the successful or profit- 
able growing of apples, pears and quinces is 
threatened to a serious extent throughout Cali- 

The addition of the six counties named makes 
in all G2 counties in which the pett is found. 
I respectfully call your attention to one fac^: 
This pest appeared in one orchard, in the vi- 
cinity of Sacramento, in 1874, and, as I have 
already stated, has spread to such an extent in 
eight years as to be found in .32 counties. 

What progress has been made for the extermi- 
nation of this pest ? In answer to this inquirj', 
I will state that in several instances this year it 
has been demonstrated beyond a doubt that 
this pest can be destroyed at a nominal cost 
compared to the benefits derived where proper 
efforts have been made. The crops of apples 
and pears have been profitable, but the work 
has not been general. This was caused by the 
opposition made to the enforcement of the laws 
and quarantine regulations by a few growers 
and a commission house in San Francisco. 

The result of this interference may be stated 
in a few words. Tne late crops of apples and 
pears are more seriously infested by the larvn 
of the codlin moth than those of any previous 
year, excepting the crops of orchards where 
proper work was done to prevent the ravages 
of this pest. 

I will quote a letter written on the 2l8t of 
last month (October) by a New York dealer in 
California fruits to a shipper in Sacramento: 
This worm business in pears is coins to destroy your 

want is a oroduct We want your dried trade. I never saw Californi* pears in such bad condi 
want 18 a prouuyi. >>d """"J . ,„ nf the vear. I wish the season wa! 

plums; we want all of them. We want your 
dried peaches; we want all of them. We want 
your dried apricots; we want all of them. ^\ e 
can use four or five or ten times as many as you 
produce to day. If you ask the price, supply 
and demand will always regulate your price. 
We have opened to-day the market for dried 
fruit, just the same as the raisin market was 
opened. I can remember five or six years ago it 
was hard work to get a dollar a box forC»lifor- 
nia raisins, and men here engaged in the culture 
of raisins will bear me out in that statement, 
and to-day they are bought up greedily at from 
S2.12:'-, to .'?2.:!7.', and .?2 50, which speaks well 
for the productr Peaches we want— large, yel- 
low peaches will dry much better; any fruit 
that is large will dry to advantage. 

Mr. Owen: What does the market call for, 
any particular variety ? 

Mr. Hayden: No particular variety. 
Mr. Owen: Pitted or unpitted ': 
Mr. Hayden: We want both kinds. We 
want to instruct the people to give us the frnit 
bright, to put it up in good shape; not to put 
it in a sack and tramp it with your heels, when 
it comes from the orchard, covering it with 
dirt and straw, as I have seen fruit, but put it 
up clean, and we will give you good clean money 
for it. We naturally expect you to give us 
good clean fruit. 

Prof. Norton: I would lik? to make one brief 
announcement which may be a gratification t} 
he hearts of the fruit growers, as they have 
been somewhat depressed by Mr. Barbour's re- 
port. There are two fruits that are immensely 
imported into this country from abroad — the 
raisin and the prune. The member of Congress 
elect from this district has pledged himself and 
the Democratic party of California and of the 
nation, so far as their infiaence goes, to apro 
tective tariff on those two fruits, which shall 
protect the home market from all foreign com- 
petition. So if canned fruits are going down, 
maybe those two classes of dried fruits will go 
up accordingly. 

Report of Horticultural OfiBcer Cooke 

Mr. Johnston: I desire to return the report 
of our Chief Horticultural Officer that was re 
ferred back to him for correction. I will state 
that the objectionable part of the report has 
been stricken out, and now I hope this report 
will be adopted and a vote of thanks tendered 
to him. I therefore move the adaption of the 
report and a vote of thanks to our Chief Horti 
cultural Officer. Carried. The report above 
referred to as amended, is as follows: 

report of Matthew Cooke.'Chief Hortlcul 
tural Officer. 
Mr, President and Kepresentatives of the 
Fruit Growing Industry and Associated Inter 
ests: In my address at the last .State Conven 
tion, nearly one year ago, I stated that Boards 
of county Horticultural Commissioners had been 
appointed in 15 counties of the State, viz: .Sac 
rameuto, Yolo, Solano, Santa Barbara, Kl Do 
rado, San Bernardino, Santa Clara, Santa 
Crnz, San Joaiiuin, Amador, Contra Costa, 
Nevada, Placer San Diego and Ala 
Alameda. Since that time commissioners have 
been appointed in Kern, Ins Augeles, San Beni 
to, Butte, Fresno and ,Marin counties, making 
in all 21 counties. Commissioners should bi 
appointed in Sonoma, Lake, Colusa, Yuba. Sat 
ter, Ca'averas, Tuolumne, Tulare, San Mateo 
and M>:rced counties, and all other counties 
where fruit is shipped to San Francisco. 

The Codlin Moth. 

I also stated that the codlin moth infested or 
chards in twenty-six counties at that time, 
will now a^d to the counties then named 
Fresno, Merced, San B;nito, San Bernardino 
andSaiiDie o. And although fruit culture is not 
aletding industry in the county of San Frau' 
Cisco at the present time, the ttjrerooms where 
frnit is sold and empty boxes stored are infest' 

ion at Ihii season of the jear. I wish the season was 
IhrouKh. I am sick of handlinj; such eooda, liesidei the 
loss wliich must accrue on all hands. Every box on hand 

I will state to you, in order that you may 
fully understand the persistent opposition made 
to the enforcement of the quarantine laws, evi- 
dently by parties not fruit growers, an agree- 
ment was signed on behalf of the California 
Transportation Co. and the various railroad com- 
panies carrying fruit to San Francisco, that 
they would not receive any empty packages, /. e., 
boxes that bad been used for shipping fruit to 
market, excepting they were disinfected as re- 
quired by law. The agreement or resolution 
was signed, say on Wednesday, by the Califor- 
nia Transportation Co., by the authority of the 
Directors of the company, some of whom are 
extensive fruit growers. On the Saturday fol- 
lowing, if I am not misinformed as to the name, 
Capt. Anderson gave notice that his company 
could ntt abide by the agreement. Therefore 
the railroad companies signing the agreement 
were released. It is generally believed that 
there was not a meeting of the Diref tors of the 
California Transportation Co. between Wednes- 
day and Saturday. Therefore the action taken 
by Capt. Anderson, or whoever represented the 
teamboat company, naturally prompts the in- 
quiries: What caused Capt. Anderson to with- 
raw the name of the Transportation company 
from the agreement or resolutions adopted by 
the Directors of the company? Did any person 
persons threaten if the company allowed 
their names to remain on that agreement that he 
or they would place a steamboat to carry certain 
fruit bought on the Sacramento river orchards? 

I am also informed by one of the local In- 
pectors of the San Francisco district that he 
was approached by a person, not a fruit grower, 
wishing to know how much money would he 
take to allow the packages to be taken on the 
transportation company's boat without being 
disinfected. The person making the inquiry 
was not a stockholder or in any way connected 
with the company, so far as I know. I make 
this statement in justice to the company. 

Disinfection of Return Packages. 

UiLE Fruit boxes, packaeres or hiskets used for 
shipping fruit to any deslination, are hereby rKinired to 
be disinfected, us hereinafter provided, previous to their 
beintr returned to any orchard, storeroom, salesrcomg, 
or place to be used for storage or any other purpose. 

In regard to the enforcement < of this rule 
there has been a great deal said, which, to say 
the least, was incorrect: 1st, the principle ar- 
guments used were that it was a scheme got up 
by the ('hief Horticultural Oliijer to make 
money. 2ii, that it was a scheme to force the 
fruit-growers to use a free package, etc 

In the firbt place, I will reply that the 
quarantine rules were adopted by the State 
Board of Viticultural Commissioners, as ad 
vised by the State Board of Horticulture, there 
fore the Chief Horticultural Officer did no'^ get 
up the so- called scheme. His duty was to en- 
force the laws. 

As to the money-making part I will attend 

In regard to the second accj nation, I will say 
that the intention was to give ih<'8e who pre 
ferred using the return package an opportunity 
to do so at a nominal cost, scatemeuis to the 
contrary notwithstanding. 

It was reported that thecommission merchant 
who opposed the law made the statement to fruit 
growers and others: "This scheme of disinfect- 
ing boxes will coat you 525,000. It is so much 
money taken out of your pockets. I know this 
from looking over our box account, and I tell 
you this as a candid friend, etc. You ought to 
oppose it or sell your frui. to me, and 1 will." 
The experience of some of these growers, as 
the result of following the friendly advice, may 
be given by quoting the lines by C,inning: 

"But of all plagujB, good heavens, thy wrath can send. 
Save, save, ohl save me from the candid friend." 

This is not all, I am reliably informed that 
some of these growers had to pay five dollars 
for what larvii- of the codlin moth they were un- 
fortunate enough to return to their orchards. 
I have mentioned these cases merely to let you 
understand the extent of opposition to the en- 
forcement of the law^throughout the State. 

Messrs. Lusk & Co., of San Francisco, insict- 
ed that boxes should not be disinfected, and 
were arrested for sending or returning boxes to 
Joseph Bkssford, Sr., of Sunny dale, near Vaca- 
ville. The warrant was issued from the Police 
Cjurtof S»n Francisco, Judge P^ix presiding. 
It was ajieid by counsel that it should be made 
a test case and taken to the Supreme Court. 
However, as I am informed, the counsel of 
Lusk & Co. withdrew from the arrangement 
the afternoon previous to the case coming up in 
court. When the case was reached the defend- 
ants' counsel filed a demurrer, which was ar- 
gued and taken under advisement for one week. 
A decision was given that the law was uncon- 
stitutional. The people filed an appeal to the 
Superior Cjurt, where it is still pending. 

Beinf, as it were, shut out of court in San 
Francisco, an arrest was made in Sacramento. 
When the case came to trial a demurrer was 
filed, argued and overruled. The case was 
tried and the defendant found guilty and fined 
.*v)0 or go to j»il 50 days. This cue has been 
taken to the Supreme Court, and a decision 
may be expected before the holidays. 

The counsel for the people are Attorney 
Oeneral Hart. Judge S. H. Dwinelle. John T. 
Dojle and W. J. Tusker, of San Francisco, 
and W. A. Anderson, City Attorney of Sacra 
mento. Mr. Bissford sends me word that he 
is in favor of the law, and although in a hurry 
for his boxes wished, them disinfected before 
being returned. This is the owner of the ship 
ment of boxes for which Lusk & Co. were ar 

Peach Crop. 
I am sorry to inform you that this beautiful 
fruit has been infested this season by the 
larva of a very small moth, appareucly belong- 
ing to to the family Pineaulnf, of which I have 
procured specimens, and also by the lava of the 
codlin moth. The peach tree was also infested 
by a small caterpillar, which may be called a bud 
worm, as it makes its first appearance in the 
buds. It next bores into the new growth. The 
latter has been reported from six counties this 

Apricot Crop. 

This fruit hrs also been infested to a limited 
extent by larvn- or small caterpillars. The 
moth apparently deposited the egg under the 
blossom leaf sticking to the young fruit. When 
the larva is hatched it first eats on the surface, 
but afterwards bored into the fruit. This is 
probably the larv.T of Looln niarosncana. In 
one section of the country this pest has done 
serious damage. The small worm or larva found 
in the peach has also baen found in the apricot 
this season . This fruit has also been at t tcked by 
a growth on the skin (especially that portion 
most exposed to the weather), apparently a spe- 
cies of fungus, which marks the frnit as if cov- 
ered with small warts. Some claim it is caused 
by insects. My opinion is that it is a species 
of fungus. I noticed this in one orchard in 

It is now reported from 

the spring of 18T9. 
six counties. 

Cherry Crop. 
A small larva or caterpillar has been found 
young cherries. It is probably the larva 
of a EawHy. It was too late in the season to 
make a thorough investigation when the pest 
was reported. 

Plum Crop. 

Keports and specimens have been received 
from several sections of the State, sent by per- 
sons supposing the specimens were the dreaded 
Fiiim Curadio, In every case the parties were 
mistaken, A small laiva or caterpillar wa.s 
found, but not t'le grub of the curadio. la one 
orchard I found the variety known as damson 
seriously infectei'. 

Citrus; ( rop3. 

It affords me pleasure l.> inform you that a 
great work has been done to eradicate the scale 
insects which infest the citrus trees and fruits 
in fome sections of Lis A-ageles CDunty, espe- 
cially at the Wolfskin orchard, Mr. A. B. ("nap- 
man's orchard, San Gabriel, and the orchards at 
Orange, Tustin City and Santa Aoa and vicini 
ties. But there are many orchards in Los 
Angeles county that are seriously infested 
which their owners have neglected. However, 
it has been demontt rated beyond a doubt that 
the so-called red scale, A. aurantii, the black 
ecile, L. o!'(/', and the soft orange scale, L. hejtpe- 
ridum., can be exterminated. In two or t^iree 
places in Los Angeles county where the cot- 
tony cushion scale, /. purchani, made its appear- 
ance, the pest has been destroyed. K sports 
from Santa Barbara, from what is known as t'ae 
Stow orchard, are diecouraging to the neigh 
boring oichardists. The pest is the cottony 
cushion scale and what I consider the most 
dangerous in tha list. Colonel Hollister 
working strenuously to prevett its spreading 
on his premises, with promising success. This 
pest can live on the roots bslow the surface of 
the ground. 

Olive Crop. 
The black scale, L. o'eOe, attacked the oliv 
last year. Mr. E wood Cooper, of Santa Bir- 
bara, and Mr. Warren Kimball, of National 
City, have exterminated tnem, so that there is 
no danger to be expected to future crops on 
their premises. 

Injurious Insects. 

The following is a review of the situation: 
The codlin moth is increasing in various sec- 
tions of the State. 

Black scale, L. ohat. This pest has been ex- 
terminated on many species of citrus and de- 
siduous fruit trees, and is therefore prevented 
from spreading. Soft orange scale, L. hesperi- 
drum, also on the decrease. 

San Jose scale, A. pernkio'*u», has been found 
in Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Alameda, San Joa- 
quin, Yolo, Solano, Placer, El Dorado, Fresno, 
Los Angeles, San Benito and some other coun- 
ties. However, in Santa Clara the fruit grow- 
ers are masters of the situation. The improve- 
ment can be readily observed by examining the 
quality of fruit they send t) the market this 

.Santa Cruz scale, A. rapax, is found in sev- 
eral districts, but is not spreading except near 
groves of willows. The oyster-formed scale, 
Diaxpiti ontrfafornuis, has been found in the 
orchards in the vicinity of Sacramento. This 
is the first instance where this mischievous scale 
has been found in the United States. 

lUd scale, J), roseae, is spreading to some 
extent on raspberry and blackberry vines and 
currant bushes. I have specimens of currant 
roots covered with this scale, taken from three 
feet below the surface of the gronnd. 

Cottony cushion scale, /. purchasi, is spread- 
ing in Santa Barbara and found on ornamental 
tress in Santa Clara and at San lUfael. Every 
effort should be made to exterminate this pest. 

Red Spidfr or Mileji, — These pests are difficult 
to destroy in the ova or egg state, but can be 
easily destroyed when moving on the leaves. 
Yellow Mites — This little insect bas made its 
appearance in several counties this season, and 
is fully as destructive as the red mites. It is 
found on the peach, apple, apricot and grape- 

C.ili'r pillars. — The caterpillar that caused so 
much trouble {C. conslricla) at the Navato 
Kinchin ISSl has been successfully extermin- 
ated. A caterpillar of the moth, Notadonla 
coiiciiina, has been found in several orchards. 
It is very destructive to foliage of the cherry, 
apple, etc. The tent caterpillar, ' '. Americana, 
and the caterpillar of the tussock moth, 0. 
Ifucokliijma, do not appear to be spreading to 
any extent this Reason. 

.Plant 7, )>.'. —Woolly aphis has done great 
damage t<> apple trees throughout the State. It 
has been found on the pear this season. Apple 
Leaf Aphis (/4/)/i 1.1 malifolid)— This species of 
aphis IB spreading very fast in the vicinity of 
Sacramento, and in some orchards along the 
Sicramento river. It is found to be very de- 
structive to orchards in British Columbia. 
Peach Aphis — This species is spreading in 
various portions of the State. I have speci- 
mens of young peach trees with swellings upon 
the roots, caused by the sting of these insects, 
similar to the growth on young apple trees, 
caused by the woolly aphis. The plum, almond 
and pear tree have also been infested by aphises 
this year in different portions of the State. 
Every effort should be used to destroy every 
species of these pests wherever found. 

.Borfj-rfi.— The grubs of various species of beetles 
infest fruit trees and currant bushes; also the 
boriva larv.-p of the Aegeria and other moths. 
A beetle known as the Polycaou conjertis has done 
considerable damage to apple, pear, cherry, apri- 
cot a nd olive trees this season. It is in th per- 
fect state that this beetle bores into the wood. 
It makes burrows in the last year's growth, en- 
tering in the crotch or angle where a branch or 
bud shoots off. Thrips— These little pests ap- 
peared in great numbers this season on peach, 
plum and pear trees, and injured the foliage to 
serious extent. I have specimens from tour 
counties. I have also found a species on the 
orange trees. The same species as found on the 
peach I found in the sun Ho wer's beans. 

J\ar tihujD, SelandrUt cerasi. — This insect 
appeared in force in several district) this season, 
and a very successful warfare has been made for 
its extermination. 

The oyster-shell bark louse, ^1. eonch'/ornuix, 
ha? succumbed to the lye washes in the vicinity 
of .Sacramento. 

Mildew. — This blight has been successfully 
fought this season. A sure remedy has been 

Canker Worm, A. vernata.—Thia peat haa 
done considerable damage to foliage of apple 
trees this season. Silky Leaf Cnafer, Seri-tceo 
veMperlinco—Thia beetle is aanoying growers in 
the vicinity of Los Angeles. 

Other Enemies of the Fruit Grower. 
I have mentioned the parasites which belong 
to the sub-kingdom articulate, and will now 
call your attention to another class of enemies 
with which the progressive fruit grower has to 
contend. They belong to a higher order of 
animal life, viz: the huiran race. One is the 
mercenary individual, who, in his z-jal to make 
money, cares not what his neighbor suffers or 
loses, providing he can make his coveted profit. 
Another is a class of men who cannot or will 
not concede that any danger th-tateps their in- 
dustry or that of their neighlors if by such 
ccncession they would be rt quired to expend 
any sum of money for the protection of such in- 
dustry. It may be asked, "Can such persons 
be found who thns antagonize the horticultural 
industries of California ? " The answer may be 
given: ' Unfortunately, such persons are in ex- 
istence, or were about the month of Jane, 
1 8S2. " 

One of the means taken to oppose the enforce- 
ment of the laws can be found in » San Fran- 


January 13, 1883. 

fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 

San Francisco 




— AT— 

Sexxioi^, Orvl 




Our Goods are 


We spare no pains oi expense ti 


Pacific Coast Agents for fol 
lowing well-Snown Goods. 

Star Uoline Flows, 
Clanipi^n Hcwsrs 


' and Chiettiin 
Hay Rakes; 

Buffalo Pitts Separators; 

Straw-BiiFiiiil Engines; 


Four Barb Wire.. 

For the Season of 1883 we shall ofEer the BEST HEADER ever sold on the Pacific Coast. 


The Old Reliable Gayg of the Pacific slop*; has no competitor, brcause there are none able to 
compe e with it. 


The very Latest and Best; tbi» B(8t because it combines all the good points of 

oth( r Drillf, with ncne of their defetti. 


The only First-clasB Broadcast Sower. 


C, S, 10, 12 and 14 feet. The only kind which has stood the test of hard nsage. 



[JaiiLuiry 13, I880 


San Fran- 











Modesto. Red Bluff , Falrlioia. Merced 


Petaluma! Tulaie S Mat- 

Itfm Iiui.s. 



" Oi^ToliRH .. .. 
"' NOVKMl'.KK... 

DECKMIlKlt .. 
1873 -.IANLTAliV . .. 
•' FKBKU.\KY.. 





Tn!,al . . 








27. «» 





4.32' .54.. 50 
1 30' 5.i .-iO 
.94 :)l.70 
61. 90 

22 .50 


' ' !32 




I r'l.20 




63. .50 

4. 34 









■ 8.78 













I«7;4— JULY 



OTTOIiKl! .. .. 


UEUEMIi'-'K .. 
1873-JANUAKY. .. 



'• APRIL. 



To* J. 









' ' ."ov 

.TO. 50! 
.54.. 50^ 
.50.. 50 






1874— JANUARY. .. 





Tntnl . 

51). 101 
.51). 00 


8. .541 

22. 7 J 


62. 2( 
68. 0( 



....I 60.07 
.90I 52.20 



47.. 50 
43 56.50 
.46 61.60 





76. 10 






















3.. 59 









" .V 












— i' 









6;). 30 





tiO.70 . 
83.30 . 
76.70 . 
.59.30 . 
63.80 . 
54.60 . 
W.OC . 
04.90 . 
66.50 . 
74.30 . 

65.90 . 

6.30 47.00 
6.69 49.90 







32.60, 10.90 
30.40 7.66 
31.10 15.55 


















1874— JUL. Y 












01 .80; 
49. .50' 

1,1. HI. 

t 65,80 

.04I 67.70 

2.85 62.70 

6.08 .56.90 
.30 46.70 

5.771 45.60 
.2:!' 53.3' 

1.27 .52.30 
.0^ .59.50 
.24: 65.10 

1.23 66.60 


I 76. .50 

I 73.80 

.071 76.60 
2.441 (i0.50 
4.33I .58.)I0 
.25 51.00 
3.54 52.10 
.23| 56.80 










187C— JANUARY. ... 






61. 6S 
.52. 80 


mi. 971. 
67.67 . 
0<).80 . 

70.35 . 










48.. 30 















74. -Zl 



72. 5t 



8. SI 




63. 6U 
57.. 50 
.11 41.70 
61 60.70 
1.82 63.80 










3.. 50 








8.. 50 







. i9 


63. i» 










81. ys 



66.. 50 
OS. 38 

2.. 18 


61. .80 
47.. 50 






5.03 .. 
1.26 64 .00 




.03 . . . 

».27| I 

8.60 1 

1.00 46.901 

.7.5' 4S.50| 

.4" «n| 

1.65 59. Ml 

77.20 63.60 


.. ..( 75.40 

.03 76.60 


4.28 CS.OO 

2.33 60.20 








63. ,30 



10. SI' I 

S. Ill 

2.><5 . . . ! 

2.32 51.4.1 


...I4S.O4: 6.35 
4S.41I 6.22 
...iy.i.t 1.32 
.. .'50 97. 2.I0 
.2659.30, .WW 
...t«2.81| .79 

T, ..501 



95.1O .. 



2. 43 •6.94].. 
6.70'53.16 . . 

6.01 44.871 4 

..55 46.311 
1.35 1 



. .iin.-ni 


... o-i.ioi 

..'57.00 2.40 
. ..1.53.0»| 3.7l 
. .I46.76| .07 

<6.9-.ii 4.0-,; 

.20ilS.49 .50 
.15 57,111 
.15 01.82 


! fl 00 




72. 8> 



.1)5! 47.55 
,03! 47.26 



7f .79! . 
75.13 . 
44.: 3 
1.701 40. 95 
.9Gj 67.90 
80 65.50| 
79.60 . 

17.. 50 


49. I'll 
49. Oil] 


,S1.63 . 

... 75.30. 
.lOfi'l. 13 

5.4,1- , ■ ^ 

2.8(1 1 


5.02 4:; 


.32 76.70. 
86.54 . 

. .!57.4ll... 

25.. 591 

.92 52 t>9i 
.. .'55 81 
. I59.79I 
. . . Oe 62, 





187 IJ— JULY 











Toi al , 

62.. 57 




87 .63 






















70. s5 
67.. 32 
55 .52 


8.. 50 






75, 6U 
.53.. 52 




























1 n 

3. 38 


77. 8S 






22,. 55 

5f ,42 



62. i 

36. is' 


1 12 68.92 
.36 78.94 









66. 5S 
30 59 
63 3u 












66. SO 


6.). 54 

61.. 59 
63.. 33 



79 91 
47. 4S 

.... 61.19 
.... 02.80 
.27 5f.69 
91 ..3.21 l.U. 56, no 

.34 7O.40I (10. ^2 

i»1.90[ 84.47 

. 100.33 
..lOl 8: 
, |6rt.58 , 
05;57 54 
To 48,70 
50 5 1 81 
10 5 .,. -,4 
.30 6) 49 
.. .50.41) 

J. 26 





1878 -J DLY 




1870 -JANUARY.... 






1 84 

I 61.70 

1 05. 4i 

' 81). O:) 
61 .52 



.03' 70.33 





14. .54 

6;:. 85 






.55 68.93 
.03: 44.88 
2 87 4»,41 
2,62 64,22 
1.96, 57.98 
2.08; 61.75 
1.12! 81.82 
.201 73.70 




6?. 70 




e 05 


65. OB 
36 30 

1 .65 

78, »4 
5";. 36 
64 .77 






74.r.i . 

68. a5 
54.. 50 





1.28 48,81 
2.11 .53.14 
1.3l| .57.15 
.71 .59. ^4 
.151 80.50 



. . . .■85.:j8 
.07 .57.13 
.n7 4S,:H; 
.«54?-..>S S..S8 
.105 1.94' 3 43 
.27|.58.I5! 5.36 
1.16'00.81' I..>4 
.301011. >:t 1 ^s 
.07 68.021 w 





187'J — li-L,> 


<• OCTOBER ... 


1880-JANUARY ... 







72, (HI 

I 71.10 

...... 74.131 


.83' 59.95 
1.00; .50.24! 
1.94 45.36; 
1.48 44.40 
1.80' 45,37 
1.45 48,86 
6.511 W.22 

.Qll 60 





49.. 52 



80.. 37 
43., 53 

1.52; 43.10 
1.76! 44.65 



2.3;il 44.61 
8.821 86.87 
7.8<< 29.68 
3.17 28.10 
4.93 27.17 
2.02 20.38 
13.02 33.14 
8.85 40. 1« 


.03 1 

6 33 




6-).. 52 
81. .59 

















76. IS 





12. S8 

18. 37' 

80. 4f 

77. s: 
84. '( 
81. fa 


15, (M , 
17 99 . 
►4.08 . 
11 12 

; ,13 

1 . 48 1.84 
,-l 49.93 2,13 
2,(^2 55.10 8,7U 
.20(13.08, .78 


7.O5I 121.17 

87. -4; 


84. 99 

59.. 55 

.44!49.2»j .59 
4.50|.5n.8:i 11. .37 





1^1* I— JANUARY... 




•' MAY' 

•• JUNE 



" AUor.sT 


OCTOBER . . . . 


1883- JANUARY. 



" MAY 



12 81 

January 13, 1883.] 



Rainfall and Temperature in California. 

It is the eeason when retrospect concerning 
the rainlall ot oiher years is must indulged in 
by Califoinians who are interested in agricul- 
ture. The compilation which we give thib 
week is the most comprehensive ever published. 
We are allowed to compile the data for the 
table from the records of the C. P. II. R , the 
meteorological department of the corporation 
being attached to the cffice of the Coief Kogi- 
neer, Mr, Montague, and especially entrusted 
to VV. S. Potter, who is an enthusiastic and 
caieiul statistician. 

The toUowing will show the positions of the 
stations with respect to the railroad lines: San 
Francisco, O.kiand, N;les, Livermore, Stockton, 
iSaciamentc, Auburn, Cisco and Truckeo are on 
the main line of the U. P. It. li.; Marysville, 
l!ed Bluff and Redding are on the Oregon 
branun ul iLe C P. R. R. ; Modesto, Merced 

and Fresno are on the Visalia branch, C. P. R. 
R. ; Martinez and Williams are on the N. R. 
R. ; Napa, Fairfield and Woodland are on the 
Cal. P, R. R. and branches; San Mateo, San 
Jose, Gilroy, Pajaro, Salinas aad Soledad are on 
ihe Northern Division of the S. P. R. R ; Tu- 
lare, Ddlano, Sumner, Caliente, Mojave, Los 
Angeles and Colton are on the main line S. P. 
R. R. ; lone is on the Amador Branch Railroad ; 
Anaheim is on the San Diego Branch S. P. R. 
R.; Petaluma is on the S. F.^and N. P. R. R. 
line, and Santa Cruz is on the coast, 

California Climate. 

but here already it falls in torrents during a 
comparatively short rainy season, many inches 
at a single downpour, with only an occasional 
thunder-storm from June to October, already 
indicating the approach of the ragioa of rain- 
less summers, which embraces by far the larger portion; westerly 
portion of the State of California. In the divided into— 
Sierra Nevada, of course, the summer raina ex- 
t nd farther to southward than in the Coast 
Range, and in the valleys, where the inhabit- 
ants can often see the dark cloud-caps gather- 
ing around the peaks, emitting flashes of light- 
ning whose echoes fail to reach them, and not 
disturbing in the least degree 

the serenity ol 

T he latest description of the climate of Cali- the blue sky overhead or the intense dryness of 
fornia is that just published by the Donartmentjthe itaiosphere. Thus the rainfall of 20 
of Agriculture at Washington in the R;port of inches is carried in the high Sierras as far at 
the Arid Lands Commission. It is written by the heads of Kern and King's rivers, furnishing 
Prof. E. W. Hilgard, Chairman of the Com- the water-supply upon which depends the irri- 
mission and Professor of Agriculture at the|Eration of the fertile soils of the San Joaquin 

S Jose. 



2.82 45.93 
2.61 '46. 52 

.77 46.5 

2.83 48,fl(j 

.... 72.4, 

10. Ill 




46. 'i2 

5.22 47.87 
2.04 46.71 
3.I5 47.8S 

4. 8 







Dec . 

51 .49 


1.Ij6 57.24 
.40 62.32 



10 06.27 
1.91 51 . l(i 
2.75 43. 2 3| 

71.111 171.06 

51. SS: 

155. 54i iti3.71 

57.31 64.66 

[55.2^ 164.95! 

.3.55154.94' 2,83 6 P. 96 
2.0951.79 3,00,54.19 

4.65 43.36 
2.92 46.84 
1.26 47.64 
.35166. tf 


1 62 

i 7.9D 

.41 45.23 
39 48.42 
63.. 56 
.45 70.18 



.69 51.46 



.30 61.30 


.03 54.94 





.88 51.06 


4.. 50 45. 51 

57.. 53 


71. 2C 

8. "51 



rain gauge abruptly descends to eight and even 
(our incoes in the arid plain of the Mcjave 
desert and the basin of Nevada. 

Along the coast proper Cape Mendocino bears 
the reputation of a kind of water divide. Mari- 
ners expect a change of weather whenever they 
round it, and on land it marks the region wheie 
the character of vegetation begins to change 
rapidly from that of southern or middle Califor 


4.09 47.20 



6.01 1 

State University. We shall take from Prof. 
Hilg.-vrd's review the following paragraphs: 

A humid climate, with tummer rains, pre- 
vails on the northern portion of the Pacific 
coast, in \\ ashington Territory, Oregon, and 
Che most noithern part of California. The re- 
gion of heavy rainfall extends southward into 
California, to where the Sierra Nevada and tbt 
Coast Range unite in the grand mountain mass 
of Shasta. In the valleys surrounding that 

volcanic peak, the rain-gauge has accumulated inia toward that of Oregon at and immediatelj 
as much as 108 inches of water in one 8eaBon;lnorth of the cape; the rainfall reaches an annual 

mean of 3G inches. A short distance south- 
ivard, at Point Arena, it is only 20 inches, and 
rising slightly in the region of San Francisco, 
it falls to 10 on the bay of Monterey, 12 at 
Santa Barbara and 8 to 10 at San Diego. 

A similar but somewhat more rapid decrease 
of rainfall is observed in the Great Interior val- 
ley. From 40 inches at Rjddinp. its extreme 
aorthern end, and 25 inches at Red Bluff, 24 
miles to southward, the annual mean falls to 
ibout 19 inches at Sacramento and to 16 at 
Stocktju. Thence southward, the rainfall de- 
icends to a mean of only 10 inches at Merced, 

Valley. Thence southeastward, the annual San Diego, 12 to 8 inches of annual ra-,nfall; 


















3. If 

Los An- 





12. 6f 




heads, transition zones of greater or less extei: 
intervening between the areas here defiaed: 

I. The coast climates with cool summers 
and warm winters, the ground rarely freezing, 
even supertioially, except in most northerly 
winds predominant. Sab- 

A. Region near and north of Cape Mendo- 
cino, with from 30 to 80 inches of annual rain- 
fall, occasional summer showers and thunder- 
storms. Transition to the Orogon climate. 
Mean winter temperature of Eureka, 47°.0 F.; 
mean summer temperature, 58". 2 F. 

B. Region of San Francisco bay, southward 
to ^anta Cruz, with from 25 to IG inches of 
rainfall, aid heavy summer winds and fogs; 
practically no summer showers. Average win- 
ter temperature at San Francisco, 51^ F.; sum- 
mer, 56° F. 

C. Southern coast region, from Monterey to 

t'ewer fogs than in San Francisco region; irri- 
gation ordinarily needed for field crops. Mean 
winter temperature: Santa Barbara, 54°. 3 F. ; 
San Diego, 54°. 6 F. Summer: Sinta Barbara, 
68°.2F.; San Diego, 69°. 1 F. Extreme tem- 
peratures: Santa Barbara, 33° and 98° between 
1870 and 1880. Mean humidity, 69°.5; vari- 
at ion from 04' to 74°. 

Climate of the great valley of California, with 
high summer temperature and intensely dry at- 
mosphere; no summer foga. Subvivided into — 

A. Climate of Sacramento valley, with 20 to 
40 inches rainfall; little irrigation. Mean win- 
ter temperature of Sacramento, 47°, 9 F.; sum- 
mer, 7r.2 F. 

B. Climate of thb San Joaquin velley, with 
16 to 4 inches rainfall. Irrigation needed for 
safety of all field crops, and more or less for all 
others. Winter temperature at Visalia, 45°.4 
F.; summer, 80°. 8 F. 

C. Climate of the foothills of the Sierra I<leva- 
da.upto 2,000 ft. elevation. Riinfall greaterthan 
at corresponding points in the valley, increas- 


4.08 43.16 
3.41 46,00 
3. Ill 2.90 
.41 00.82 



54. OJ 


1.88 53.04 
6.75 48.38 



.... 6S,40 
.. . 67,10 
.OS 65.81 
> itl.H-i 
.02 54,7 
00 61.83 



.5. .13 


.53 .01 

] (li'.hij,'.'. 



2. 1349. 15 
4.135) .08 
4.72 49.2',; 
.23 56.86 




.. 70.10 
, . 66.98 
. 'Si 

... 67.95 
,19 58.12 
23 58.41 


25 57.91 
3, 7552. 70 
.82 59.27 

87 47.80 
3 49.28 
.02 02.8.'^ 
.... 64.14 






11. 4S 


04 . 65 
53.. 32 
i & .;i3 

62 4 I 
2.83 54.59 






72.. 52 

.59 49.61 



2.28 AS. 03 



11.38 47.71 
8.85 60.91 
2.90 71.11 
.70 81.33 

57 . 79 


23 47.15 
82 50.03 
82 55.40 
O" ,.57 


20 1.50.2' 
49 ,,56 
.25 .52.35 
28 57.24 
1.05 57.76 

.63 80.39 


40 62.83 
6.59 57.22 
3.78 60.89 
4.43 63.74 

.76 79.74 


32 71.47 

1.02 63.27 
.23 66,19 



72 54 

59 :?i 




7.16 46.00 
f.ZO 51.47 
r 32 52.48 

.50 6! 


84 .66 

83. :« 
07 03.78 
J8 62.23 
75 63.. 58 
49 66.12 




... 85.20 
... 84.00 
... 78.52 
.40 68.76 
... 59.75 
.. . 53.85 
.63 50.37 
... 61.02 
.00 67.24 
.25 64.24 
.33 69.11 
... 82.11 

I 08 

1 03 01.41 


^ at the rate of about one ineh for every 150 
74 at Fresno, and 4,^ at Bakersfield, near the it." Summer temperature about the same as in 
aouthern end of tuo San Joaquin valley, and the valley. 

separated only by the Tehachipi mountains from! 3. Mountain climates of the Sierra Nevaia 

the western margin of Mojave desert, in which land northern California (Siskiyou and Shasta 

the rainfall is still less. |region). Summer and winter well defined, 

... X, . ,0^ ■ inow Ivina during several months; rainfall 

Climatic Regions of California. i^^""^ ^^^^^^ ^^J^ -^^^^^ „otth. 

The climatic subdivisions of California may iipgi^Q of fir and pine forests and pasturage, 
cmveniently be considered under the folio wing] 4_ Semi-tropical region of south Califorcii: 

Los Angele", Siu Birnard ino and San Diego 
counties. Riinfall, 8 to 10 inches; irrigation 
universal; Irosts rare, perm itting the culture 
of semi-tropical fruits in the open air, despite of 
an occasional cutting back in severe seasons. 

5. Arid platefu climate of the Mojave and Col- 
orado deseits. Riinfall from 8 to 4 inches and 
less irregular, stme seasons almost none, so 
that annual vtgetation lies dcireant; to south- 
ward bordering the region of summer rains of 
Arizona and New Meicico. 


.50 ■!7 


4.83 08.49 


58. y4 
54 . 28 




47. D< 
50 .Si 

5] . 2! 

1.72,5(1 3! 



P 26 


53 , SS 











1 .20 
3.. 57 


1.70 55.80 

2.39 41.82 
7.00 44.71 
8.68 43.70 
2.87 49.30 

07 56 .47 
.35,54 40 
1.93 47.94 

2.19 60.84 
1 09 



.... 74.71 
1.97 54.88 
1 , 9;; 48. 03- 
14.18 48.66 
i2.:i8 10 52.50.70 
.90 01.. 55 
.25 67.:i5 
.... 75 . 41 


.79 63.61 
.53,. 51 
5.5 . 36 

1 .04 




8 .79 53.40 


53.6911.23 52.2 

2.29 50.79 
.64 5 3.31 
.50 62.65 

... .164.89 




70 98 
If ..5; 






7?. 00 . . 
64 15 

7.02 49.08 
3.33 56.41 
.19 76.11 
|S3 46, 




S. Cruz 

.88 62.62 

)S , 61 
61 ,64 
;06 ,83 

2.6'i49,S3 5.04 
2.11 I5I .95 10. 
4 .(■5'52.v3il4.71 4.04 
1 .9.!;.54.39 2.01 

Si 57.75 


12. ■'2 



6). 10 



66. S3 

62.1 9i 



fAeiFie R.URAL f RESS. 

januiiry 13, 1883 

The Fruit Growers' Convention. 

(Continued from Page 30.) 
cisca daily paper of Jane 13th. I may say the 
reporter was imposed upon by some person, at 
jeast in some of the statements made: 

The Btateitent which circulated freely amon« down- 
town fruit dealers yesterday that Chief Uorlicultural 
Officer M. Cocke had caused a warrant of arrest to be 
issued a^'ailISt a member of the firm of A. Luslc & Co. 
caused uiuch excitement among those cng»)rtd in the 
fruit trade. Some days ago attention was called m these 
columns to the opening of a concern where empty fruit 
packai,'e8 are disinfected. It appears that the venture 
proceeded upon the promise of Mr. Cooke Ih.t lie wo,uld 
enforce the law concerning the disinfecting of em|ity 
packages. It seems, however, that but few commission 
houses have availed themselves of its Dcnetita so far, and 
it is charged that the threats of arrest are made with a 
view of inducing the dealers to patronize the establish- 
ment more liberally. The commission merchants objVct 
to the e.xecution of the viticultural and horticultural 
laws on several grounds, the chief one of which is un- 
doubtedly the adciiioiial expense, which is one cent f.jr 
each packnge and the cost of additional handling and 
hauling Thev claim further that the boxes do not yet 
reciuire disinfecting, as they are all clean, there btiiig no 
insect pests among cherries, currants, strawbenics or 
apricots. The codlii: moth, the chief enemy of our 
orchards, does not appear until August. They base their 
opposition to the orders of the Health Officer on the 
ground of their illegality. They claim that the horticul 
tural law cannot apply, because the Act provides that a 
county commission must be appointed, which can enforce 
diainleclion on'y upon proper and verified complaint be- 
ing made. The Vitieultural Act, which gives the Hcidth 
Ollicer power of declaring and cntoroing quarantine rules, 
they claim, cannot apply to fruit bu.xes wtich are not to 
be used in vineyaras or "for grapes. It is the iniention of 
ihe wholesale fruit dealers to make organized opposition 
to the enlorcement of the law, and for that purpose they 
have subscribed to a fund wherewith to defray the ex- 
penses of Mr. Lusk's defense in the courts. 

This article connects all the commission mer- 
chants as opposed to the law, but says the 
wholesale fruit dealers have subscribed to a 
puree to pay Mr. Lusk's defense in court. I 
have not seen a published denial on behalf of 
the commission merchants, yet I am satisfied 
some of them were misrepresented. 

His Statements Refuted 
Again "the eodlin moth, the chief enemy of 
our orchards does not appear until August." 
Fruit growers, you know this statement is in- 
coirect. I will state that on the llith and 13lh 
of Jane, 1SS2, two lots of pears, one said to be 
bought from Mead & liunyon, and ono lot said 
to be bought from A. Luek & Co., were offered 
for sale at a store on Washington street, S. F. , 
and found to be infested by codiin motb. 

Let us visit a fruit growing district, where 
ome of the groM-ers were opposed to the en- 
forcement of the laws. First we find the com- 
niission merchant, the sincere and camlid 
friend, has been there. Second, we find a fruit 
grower who declared he knew as much about in- 
sect pests '20 years ago as he did at that time. 
(There was no diflFerence of opinion on the ques- 
tion of his knowledge. ) He then declared the 
enforcement of such laws were all l/onh, as his 
fruit was clean. Was his 'statement correct ? 
We find in San Francisco in one basket of 
peaches containing about -5 lb) 13 peaches in- 
fested by the peach wotm 1 have alluded to. 
The basket containing these wormy peaches 
bore the brand of this fiuit grower. 

Let us interview another opponent of the law^ 
He candidly tells us that the time may come 
when some precautions should be taken, but 
that time has not yet arrived. He shipa his 
fruit in return packages, but does not disinfect 
them in any way. In the month of October, 
188-, we visit his orchard; a crop of over '2,(i00 
boxes of late pears are being harvested, and 
upon itiiuiry we are ijuietly informed that a 
little over .300 boxes of shipping pears are se- 
lected, balance infested by mildew or codiin 
moth. In our travels we acciden'ally met an- 
other grower from the Iccility n.inied. He in- 
forms us that he has sold his lUrtlett pears, 
worms and all, at two and a half cents per 
pound to a firm in San Kr.incisco, therefore he 
and bis neighlior will put up money if neces- 
sarv to have them shipped wormnand at',. 

We meet a fruit grower from a coast county, 
and find that the codiin moth infests some trees 
in his orchard. He is opposed to the law«, and 
candidly gives his reasons as follows: "If the 
fruit growers of Sacramento and Santa Clara 
counties get their orchards clean they will glut 
the market sri that we cannot sell a pound of 
fruit from this county." I am pleased to say 
that but few such persons are to be met to-day 
in the orchard districts, but the mercenary in- 
dividual, the candid friend, still exists, trying to 
make himself rich on the misfortunes of his best 
friends. I have mentioned those instances to 
show you that there are still dangerous indi- 
vidaal itHuences at work against the prosperity 
of your industry. Therefore, truly by your 
linited action can your industry be protected 
from the mercenary vultutes that wibh to prey 
upon the produce of your orchards. 

The candid friend informs you, his victims, 
that to comply with the laws would have coit 
you '^'2'^ ;)00, or in other wordf , to disinfect 
2,O0U,(O0 of boxes and half a million of baskets 
would have cist you that amount. Admitting 
the statement to have been coirect as to cost, I 
will say to you, without fear of contradiotion, 
that it will cost the fruit growers at leist §100,* 
000 dollars to counteract the damage done by 
SDch interference, and those who were compelled 
to pay five dollars towards a defense will yet 
learn that it was a very unprofitable invest- 
ment. If the proof has not reached them 
already by returns for this season's late frnit, 
they may depend and will not be niietaken that 
the pest IS in their premises as a reminiscence of 
the departed glory of a candid friend. 

Fr OKI ess In the Work. 
^ I can report to you that the prospects of pro- 
tectgin the fruit industry from the ravages of 

the insect pests are very favorable, and un- 
doubtedly much better than one year ago.. The 
subject is getting understood by the fruit grow- 
ers generally, and an inclination to join in the 
work is becoming general. Only such persons 
as are immediately in the power of some mer- 
cenary individual are those who are dilatory 
in joining the warfare. Bat I must say that the 
progress made has far exceeded my highest ex- 

The natural history and habits of the most 
destructive pests to the fruit industry has been 
learned and remedies found for their extermina- 

From the increased correspondence received at 
my cffice, I can readily judge the interest taken. 

By having the present laws amended to pro- 
tect the enterprising fruit growers from the neg- 
ligence of their neighbors and from the designs 
of seUisb speculators, there is not any doubt 
that the victory over insect pett< can be accom- 
plished. In many of the fruit growing districts 
lands suitable for growing fruit have advanced 
in value, and infested orchards that have been 
thoroughly treated have been made profitable. 
For general work Santa Clara county is to be 
recommended. Sections of Los Angeles are 
next on the li^t. I quote from the report of 
the Baard of Horticultural Commissioners of 
Los Angeles county as follows: "Two years ago 
it was the bslief of a great many orchardists 
that it was ini|.ossible to destroy the red scale, 
but to day it has not half the terrors for the 
industrious fruit grower, as he knowd should it 
make its appearance he can subdue it. An 
owner of a '20-acre orange grove found it was 
infested by red scale, and would have sold for 
S.'i.OOO the entire property. Ha expended in 
fighting this pest $'2iK), and is now so well satis- 
fied with the result that he would not take 
•SIO.OCO for the property." A large number of 
similar instances can be given. 

I have had a great many inquiries ai to where 
land can be bought that is suitable for fruit 
purposes, not only from reaidnnts of this Stat: 
hut from parties east of the IVocky mountains. 
Of the latter I will quote some of the questions 
asked. This gentleman is inquiring concerning 
lands for a pruce farm: 

Question 1.— Where has the culture proved most suc- 
cessful? I have heard that finer fruit ii raised in the 
vicinity of 8acramento than at >an Jose. How is this'.' 

Quf«tioii 3. — What is the product per acre of trees five 
years oldV 

(,tueBtion G. — IIoiT serious has the scale bug been? 
What districts arc most free from itV To what extent do 
they ii jure the trees, and docs it reiiuire much labor to 
keep them off? 

In replying to such letters it afi'jrda me 
pleasure to tell them that the scale bu<j is no 
longer a dread to the enterprising fruit grow- 
ers, so that the State has derived great 
benefits from the inauguration of the war on in- 
sect pests. 

In Conclusion. 

One of the permanent boasts of the opponents 
of the laws was: We will have the laws de- 
clared unconstitutional, and the H ^rticultural 
Officer will loose his salary, and then he will 
feel our weight. It is only in rep:y to such 
threats that I made the following anstver: 

The Horticultural Officer receives a sa'ary of 
permoDt'a, and is allowed .?.jOO a year for 
traveling expense". What does he give in re 
turn? About l(j hours' labor per day. H ■ 
provides his own office, office botk?, stationery, 
postage, instruments, and pays expenses of all 
experiments tried, clerk hire, and other miscel- 
laneous expenses, and, together with trave ing 
expense!", the expenses of the office to date are 
about S2.400 per year, and not one cent 
counted for salary. Where would the silly 
boast come in under these circumstances? 

But the time is not far distant when the 
amount of work done will be fully appreciated, 
even by those who have allowed these pre j udices 
ti overrule their better j idgment. 

In my intercourse with the frnit growers 
throughout the fruit-growing counties I can as- 
sure you I find a hearty response to any recom- 
mendation I maka for the improvement of their 
industry. And I might report a unanimous 
sentiment on behalf of the good work now in 
progress for the protection of their industry, 
but will say that at least 09% of the fruit grow- 
ers are now in line and prepared to use their 
best ( fToitt to protect the horticultural industry, 
which will soon tank aa one of the hading in- 
dustries of California. 

Mr. Pwinelle offered the following reaolntiou, 
which was adopted: 

It' fi't rtil. That the Committee on Legislation be instructed 
to \Hvsi np.iu the attention of the Congreu of the 
United Rtat.'B the urgent need of anch a law as will author- 
i:-.e an ellicient national sysvm of hultrcnitural ipiaratiuc 
against place or rcf<ions iuteFted by insects cr diseases in- 
jurious to fruit or fruit trees, nhethcr such places or regions 
be w ithhi the jurisdiction of the Urited Slates or without i s 

The following resolution was offered by Mr. 
Briiton, which was adopted: 

7.'.»ii/r.<(, Th'it it iB the sense I f thlK convention that the 
law knowo as the Ci unty Hotticultural Cninmimioners Bill, 
if urcoiiBtituMonal. be 8<, aiDendcl '.y our next Legislutnr.^ 
as tr. amend i « Ifgal defects, and be it fmlhcr stsolvcd 
that w-t; are in favor of its cnfurcx-nieiit. 

Mr. Johnston: I move, sir, that the thanks of 
this cmvention be tendered our worthy presid- 
ing ( tficer and to his secretarier, and to the re- 
porters. Carried. 

Mr. Johnston: I move that the thanks of this 
convention be tendered to the Horticultural 
Society of Santa Clara county for their kind en- 
tertainment and for the hospitable manner in 
which they have taken care of this convention. 

Mr. Jessup: I move that when this conven- 
tion adjourns it adjourns to meet in San Fran- 
oisce, as the guests of the State Horticultural 

Society, at the expense of the Society (outside 
of the individual expenses of members). Car- 

Prof. Dwinelle: I move that the thanks of 
this convention be tendered to those transporta- 
tion lines which have made reductions in their 
rates of fare to those attending the convention. 

Publication of Proceedings. 

On motion, the (flfer of the Fai ikic IU-ral 
rKH.s.s was accepted to publish the proceedings 
of this convention as transcribed by the short- 
hand reporter, together with copies of all pa- 
pers read before the convention. 

Closing Address. 

The President: Gentlemen of the convention, 
the hour has arrived for the close of the con- 
vention. I shall occupy but a moment of your 
time now, but I desire to express to you my 
thanks for the honor you have conferied upon 
me, and to state to you that I most highly ap 
predate the honor. It has been a source of 
great gratification to me that I have been able 
to be present and take part with you in the 
proceedings upon such important subjects 
as this conventicn has had to consider. 
I would like to say, in behalf of the Santa 
Clara County Horticultural .Society, as a mem- 
ber of the Kxecutive Committee, having in 
charge the arrangements of this convention, that 
we have enteied upon the work anl have cat- 
ried it through, to the best of our ability, with 
the greatest pleasure indeed. Il tias afforded 
us great satisfaction that we have been able to 
do anything to make your stay among us pleas- 
ant and agreeable, and we hope that when you 
return to your homes you may go with new en- 
couragement to fight the battles against insect 
pests and to try and sscertain the best means 
of promoting the interests of horticulture, and 
that when we meet again another year, if we 
are permitted to do so, we shall have still more 
encouraging reports to give to one another con- 
cerning the great interests involved. 

I again thank you for your kindness, and de- 
clare this convention adjourned until the time 
set by the convention in its motion. (Applause. ) 

Members of t e Conv« ntlon 

The following is the list of members of the 
second annual convention of fruit growers, held 
at San Jose, November, 16S2: 

Alameda County— W 11 Jessup, J. H. Whcolir, C. H. 
Dwini lle. Jas Whion, A I). Pyrall. 

l^utte County- tJ. M, i:ray, C. L. Durban, 

*?ontra Costa County -tJ. W. T. Caiter. 

Fresno Couuty-T. C. Wiiite, li. M. Williams. T, K 

Napa County— (»eo. Husmanu. 

riacer County-Ed. B. Silva, Ira F. Whits, J. J Wilson, 
X. R. Peck. 

.Marin County— F. C. Dp Lonf , C. Stevens. 

.Solano County-A. A. Hjatt, O. W. Other, A. T. lUtcli, 
Th.«. .M Swan. 

.■Sonoma County-A. Caldwell. O. B. Shaw, A Boutoo, W. 
N. Gladde-i. 

.Sacramento County— W. R. Strong, Wm. Johnston, C. 
W. Gammon. 

San Joa.iuin County— Wm. G. Phelps. W. H. Robinson, 
U S La.ld. W. li. West. G. N. Milo. K. Wheeler. 
Santa Cm/ Couuty -M. P Owen, II. 
.San liL-rnardino County -L. M. Ho.t, 11. L. Martin. 
Vohi Couutl-R. B Blowtr. 
han Diego County— J. M. Aaher. 

Merced County- W. C. West. W. W. Keld, Jas. A. Ohrit- 


Santa Clara County-Jay E. Fuller. Geo. T. Oribner, F. 
H .VIcCnih.Bb, T G .Xegiw, O. U P Vmnuin. Geo. .M. 

joan, J P. Pierce, K T Pierce, Geo. C. .Meeker, L. W 
Pirs.ins -Mia. .S T. lugalls, K W. Conact, J II Kraly, N 
.lehohan, D E Oith, N. J. Haines, S. G. Benson, P. H 
Blancliard, H. C. Benson. Tros. Cu-ibin, F. A. Taylor, A. D. 
E Miles, R. V Diet.ick, John Brittou. David Uobson, 
Lewis Hebard. T W. Mitchell, Oto. L. Beaver, Ira Miller. 
A li'ock, C. W. Proctor, Harvey Wilcox, K. A. Th.nnas. J 
I. Kizi r, W. H Bowman, I A Wilcox, Geo. P. Biele, Wm 
Gardtner, J. P. Spei ce, J. W. Zuv,t, W. C. Avery. W 
Oliver, Wm. K Ward. F. Garrigus, A. LoomiB, II. tirenell, 
Jibn A Lovell, N .S EIrnd, J. W. Wood. P II Caid-z. W. 
.1. ThoiiiaH.4< II. Horsce Wilson, J. H M Towiisend, .Massey 
Thoiiiaj^, Cyius Joii:b, W. II Moody, H- Wilc-x. V.ilney 
Avtrjll, H. Pomeroy, J. W. Hints. 8 Coudenough, II R 
llinc, .Mr . H. l; Hine. Win U ifs. Fied. .lollyinan. L,. F 
Hand,!'Bin. E. M. TU .mas, G- W. Tarletou, J. J Bowen. L. 
D rarkhurst, T. V Ho la-id 

^iati FranciBco - Robt. llalj, Iv Hayden, J II. M'.rS'., .\ 
D Cnt'er, i; J Wicksor, I) M Carman. 

.Nevada Coiinti H. L. Hatch. 

Baker & Hamilton. 

This cl 1 and popu'ar firm of agricultural im- 
plement dealers and mant:factarers is moving 
forward into the business of the new season 
with their accustomed vigor and enterprise, 
and are esj'iying the popular confidence and 
patronage in ever increased s»!es of their stan- 
dard articles. The securing of enlarged and 
improved facilities for business by moving to 
the splendid new building at the corner of 
Pine and Davis streets, has evidently proved a 
timely movement and a great accommodaticn 
to the public. 

To us the growth of this firm is an illustra- 
tion of the old truth that jadicious and liberal 
advertising of a well conducted businecs and of 
really valuable articles will pay well for the in- 
vestment. O: course advertising is of little 
permanect advantage to a slack firm or an infe- 
rior article, but where liberal advertising is 
backed by upright dealing and first-class mate- 
rial, it is a great power. Our readers are aware 
that Baker & Hamilton are generous patrons of 
the advertising columns of the Ki'UAl, Pkkss 
and by thus aiding to sustain a popular agricul- 
tural j >arnal they aid in advancing the farming 
interest of the State as well as their own busi- 
ness enterprise. 

EARTiiyiiAKEs, according to M. Danbree, ap- 
pear to have their maximum at the new and 
full moon, and their minimum at the interme- 
diate quarters of the lunation. 

Rkvitalizikg the bloo" is absolutely necessary for the 
cure of general debility, wi a'iness, lassitude, etc. The 
best enricber c{ the blood is Brown s Iron Bitters. 

The Piceparluriens Walout. 

EiUTORS Press:— Id the December issue of 

the Oardeners Monthly, edited by Thos. Mee- 

han, is to be' found a reply to a correspondent 

who had made inquiries about the Juglans 

Prxparturieru). It is as follows, and I think, 

in justice to John Kick, ought to be inserted in 

your paper. It is verbatim as follows: 

In a recent iSBu ■■ of li' rue Ilnrtif-'h-. Mons. Carriero gives an 
ai stract of its histoiy. Ic was a iha-^ce needling on the 
.gToimd of Lfiuis Chetonay, of Done La Fonlaine in 1830. I 
waa tiist noti;<l in print in the Annalesde laSocieted'Hor- 
ticulture lie Paris, 1840 Am;mg a number of English wal- 
nuts only thrct* yc;ir.-i old. Chctenay Baw one hearing fniit 
M. Janiin (^ultivjitt-d it uiult-r the nanie of Jmilnu'* J-rtilui, 
under which ii:iiiie it ■•ttiil apneara in some French caialoguea. 
Poit. an, in the if.'" Jdn/iiiifT for 1811 fcivea it tliename J. 
Pr"ftitrfttririi.^, wliicb, by jtriority (.f publication, will be re- 
garde<l as it« rightful name. It lK.-a.B when only two year 
old. Another w riter says he had adi zen of trees which bore 
fruit the f'-urth year, the trteBbt ing only three uuterBhigb. 
Occa!*ionally th';y dj not liear until live or six years old. 
The seedH from the ori jina' plant produce trees varying a 
little, but have tie same gi-neral character cf compact 
growth i^rly pri diictiveness and great fertility. M Fvrdi- 
iiand Jaaiii !^avs t.tat Beediiogs from the original variety 
produce variable fruit, but all ha l the esrty bearing pro 
clivity, fruiting the third or fourth y. ar. The late An^re 
Leroy gave it as his exn» ricnce that in a gi.ueral ten^e the 
variety rt-prmluces If tioiii seed. M. Carrft-re sums up 
the I'vidence a^ being coiichlaive that t'le varietv comes 
relatively true from se -d; that it produces ceneialtr small 
but very gi,«Ml walnuts, ai.d befause of iti ear y-bearine 
chiract'jr is often regarded as a dwarf, thnuifh olten becom- 
ing a goou-!;i?.ed tree. I am, sir, respectfully, 


Haywird, Cal. 

Solvents for Caootchouc. — The best solv- 
ent for caoutchouc is said to be caoutchoucine, 
which is obtained by subjecting rubber to dry 
distillation. O.her well known solvents are 
chloroform, ca.^bon disulphide, resin oil, coal 
naphthas, rectified spirits of turpentine, tar, the 
oils of lavender, sassafras and rosemary, and 
benzine (petroleum spirit). Pure oil of turpen- 
tine dissolves 49 \, of caoutchouc. A mixture of 
(S'j to S% of absolute alcohol and I(X)of carbon 
disulphide is said to be an excellent solvent. 
Sulphuric ether, which alone is a poor sol- 
vent, dissolves more readily if about 5'^ of abso- 
lute a'ohol is added. Hat alcohol dissolves out 
about 4 ^>.j of a soft resin. It is sparingly 
soluble ill hot fused oil; readily at a gentle heat 
in mdted hog's lard, or in very hot whale oil. 
After swelling up in oil of turpentine, or in 
naphtha, it is soluble in hot linseed oil. 

The Secret 

of the universal success of 
Brown's Iron Bitters is sim- 
ply this : It is the best Iron 
preparation ever made ; is 
compounded on thoroughly- 
scientific, chemical and 
medicinal principles, and 
does just what is claimed for 
it — no more and no less. 

By thorough and rapid 
assimilation with the blood, 
it reaches every part of the 
system, healing, purifying 
and strengthening. Com- 
mencing at the foundation 
it builds up and restores lost 
health — in no other way can 
lasting benefit be obtained. 

;^ Dearborn Ave., Chicago, Nov. 7. 

1 have been a great sulTcrer from 
a very weak Btomach, hcirtburn, and 
dyspepsia in its worst form. Nearly 
cveryining I ate g.ivc mc distress, 
and I could eat but little. I have 
tried everything recommended, have 
taken the prescriptions of a dozea 
physicians, but got no relief until 1 
took Brown's lion letters. I feci 
none of the old troubles, ana am a 
new man. I am getting much 
stronger, and feel first. rate. lam 
a railroad engineer, and now make 
my trips regularly. I can not s.iy 
too much in praise of your wonder- 
ful medicine. D. C. Mack. 

Brown's Iron Bitter.s 
does not contain whiskey 
or alcohol, and will not 
blacken the teeth, or cause 
headache and constipation. 
It will cure dyspepsia, indi- 
gestion, heartburn, sleep- 
lessness, dizziness, nervous 
debility, weakness, &c. 

Use only Brown's Iron Bitters made by 
Erown Chemical Co., Baltimore. Crossed 
red lines aod irado-aaark on wrapper. 

January 13, 1883.] 

f AeiFie [^URAL p>RESS. 



The Center of Los An- 
geles Valley. 

Embracing Anaheim, 
Westminster, A r t e s i a , 
Garden City, etc. Tliir- 
teeb miles southeast of 
Los Angeles City, within 
the Ariedan Well Belt. 
Hundreds of flowing pipe 
wells. Water near the 
surface. Rivers on two 
sides ; ev«r-flowing creek 
runs through the tract. 
Front on the Ocean. Trans- 
portation and passage by 
Steamships or Railroad. 
Southern Pacific Railroad 
through the tracf. Twen- 
ty-one hours from San 
Francisco. The unsold 
land for sale or lease in 
sections or fractions. Ap- 
ply to Trustee A. ROBIN- 
SON, 318 California St., 
San Francisco. 

Or to ROBERT J. 
NORTHAM, Anaheim, 
Cal., or concerning West- 
minster Colon V, to REV. 
minster, Cal. 

Terms, one-fifth cash, 
balance on interest at 10 
per cent, per annum. 

Send for Circulars and 

H., 12 'A' 





Grangers' Union of San Joaquin Valley, 

^ Importers and Dealers In 



Hollow Toothed Harrows, Cultivators. Barbed Wire. Baling' Wire. 
Wag 9 as! Wagons! Wagons! Baggies! Buggies! 

Coal, Iron and Steel. Builders' Hardware. 

Writ* or Call and see us before Purcbasinsr. Address all Communications, 

ort^r^rGrEjrcs' xjivrionvr, 

280 and 282 Main Sreet, .... STOCKTON 

Stockton's Vineyard Ging Plow and Cultivator 

Saves from 50,^ to 7fi„ of the oo9t, and pi iws and cultivates deep. Pays for HnelJ eocry year. This plow is light 
and durable, being made of wrought iron throughout. One man, with 'wo horseB, can plow seven acres of vineyard 
or hops a day, and then crosa cultivate with the shovel cultivator 20 acres a day. 

The Latest and Best Invention for Plowing and Cultivating Vineyards, Orchards, 

Hop Fields, Etc. 


Charles Krug, H. W. Crabbe, C. Grozinger, T. L.' Grigsby, D. Emerson. M. M. Estee, Prof. Husnian, Beriinger 
Bros., and others, Napa county. I. De Turk, Wm. McPherson Hill, J. H. Drummond, J. Dresel, James Shaw aid 
others, Sonoma county. R. B. Blowf^rs, L. A. Gould (superintendeni. of Briggs' Vineyard), N. Wykoff, Mrs. Jackton, 
Dr. Ross, and others, Yolo county. 



By putting on four plows and four horses, the cost of plowing can be still further reduced. In vinejard plow- 
ing, one right-hand plow and one left-hand plow, both fating to the center, are used; and with four horses, two of 
each are used.. The plows are movable on the frame, and reversible, so as to throw the earth either to or from the 
vines, as desired The Shovel Cultivator is also reversible, running point foremost, or with the point in the rear, 
as desired. By dropping one wheel, so as to run in a furrow, and putting on two or more right-hand plows, it can 
be used for putting in grain, the same as any gang. Address, 

IE", ic. sTocicTonsr, 

St. Helena, Napa County, _ _ . . CALIFORNIA. 




Manufacturers ofSlS! 

New Process 

San Francisco 


22 California St. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Francisco. 
rFr.M» Coach to and from t,h« Honse- J. W- BECKER.. Proprietor 

Hame!v<!, $12.60 to 
RoDe8, Blaakots, etc., 



875 ner set- Saddles $7.50 to $50 each; Collars, Halters, Bridles, Bits, Spurs, Whips, Bnishcs 
etc_ W, DAVIS, 410 Market Street. 

Roller Flour. ^^^S^^^^^^i^M^ 


113 Sansome Street, San Francleco. 

W. W. Greener's Celebrated Breech Loading Double Guns, 

W. W. Greener '8 Trap Gun, 12, 14 or 16 Gauffe, $85. 

A full stock of Coifs Parker and Remington Guna. Sharp's, Belhrd, Winchostcr Kenned y, Marlln and Reir^gton 
SportinrRifles! Pistols of -.l.kinda. Ammunition in quantities to , ait. A Ub.ral discoiuit to the trade. Prtoe lUt oa 


fAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

[January 13, 1883 

Commission Merchants. 

Gran^^ers Business Association, 


No- 38 California St. SAN FRANCISCO. 

Consiirnments of GRAIN, WOOL, DAIRY PRODDCE, 
Dried Fruit, Live Stock, Etc., Bolicitod, and liberal ad- 
vances made on the eame. 

Careful and prompt attention paid to orders for the 
purchasing of Oraiii and Wool Sacl<», Wagons, Agricul- 
tural Implements, Provisions, Merchandise and Supplies 
of all kir.ds. 

Warehouses and Wharf, 

At "THE GBANQEBS,'" Contra Coata Co. 

Grain rkckivrd on storaok, tor bhipmbnt and for 
SALR ON ^,•0^8IO^■»1K.NT. Insurance efJect<'d and liLeral ad- 
vances made at lowest rales. Fanners may rely on 
their grain bcinit closely and c;iretully weiehed, and on 
hanng their other interests faithfully attended to. 


Late Miller & Co. 



(Successors to MILLER t CO..) 

Wool, Grain, 


Coir\missioi\ Merchants. 

10 Davis Street, near Market, 




(Succc-s.....r3 to J. W, CAI.K j£ CO ,) 

M mi Ele&eral Conmissioii Uerchants, 

And Wholesale Dealt-rs in CaMfornia and Oregon Produce. 
AUo, Grain, Wool, Hide*. Be*iitJi, Potatoes, Che'Sf, Eggs, 
Butter arid honfy. 

Diti aI/ C4Ai«ao ■ No. 402 Davis Street, and 
DrlCK OlOreb. 120 Washington St.. a F. 

Promot Return?. Advance Liberally on Cnnsimnient*. 


Commission JVlerohants 

And Dealers In 

Green aid Dried Fruits, 

Qrain, Wool, Hides. Beans. Fotatoes. 

404 & 406 DAVIS STREET, 

p. 0. Box 1936 SAN FRANCISCO. 





Wliolesale Grocers, 




Front Street Block, bet. Clay ft Washington. San Franotsoo 
tM Special attention given to country traders. .Af 
P. O. Box 1940. 


Grain, Flour, Wool, Etc. 

tMembcrs of the San FVancIico Produce Exchans;eJ 
211 and 213 Clay St., S. F. 

i^Llberal advances made on Conalsnmenta 


No. 7ft Warren Street, New York 

Commission Merchants in Cal. Produce 

Ri?KRBNCB8.— Tradesmen's National Baril:, N. Y. ; Ell- 
wander & Barry, Rochester, N. Y.;C. W. R.'Od; Sa^-ra- 
mento. Cal.; A. Lnsk k Co., Franol«<.o. Cal. 


See the new 
Adams Wsstley and Armour 


^. For Heatiog or Cooking, or 
Send for Circular. 


e69 K arke . & 77 Fourth St , 


C'alifbrilia Refrigerator. 

Will keep meat and food at an eqnal temperature without 
ice. All uizes naade to ordor. AddresH, 


3.7 J Street, - - SACRAMENTO, OAL 




To Squirrels, Gopliers, Birds, 
Mice, Etc. 

49* Endorsed by the Orani^e and all others who have 
nsed It 


Pnt np In 1 lb. , 6 &>., and 5 gallon tins. Hanulactnred by 

A. R. BOOTH, Eagle Drug Store, 

San Lula Oblapo, Cal. 


Manufacturera of 

Gang, Single and Sulky Plows. 

Also Manufacture Wagon Beds, Harrows, Seed Sowers and Various 
Agricultural Implements. 

Made of Furnishing Plow and other Extras to Ordet. Cast- 
ings of all Descriptions Furnished with Dis- 
patch and at Reasonable Rates. 



Sail Leandro Flow Co., 



Machine and Blacksmith Shop» 
PLEASANTON, - - California. 

J fl .BiLr. 


fAT'Jl.AUG 8 1882 

I present above an exact representation of my new Excelsior two-wheeled Phicton. which is the result of lon- 
cxperinicnt, and with whi jh I am willinir t.o challenee competition by any other two-wheeled vehicle made. 1 fruari; 
aiitee that the chuckiUK motion is f ntirely removed, and that for ease of ridinfr, my Ph:t*ton is equal to any Butrfry. 
The shafts are hunt; loosely in a rubber box, by which means the jar is completely removed from the axle and the 
horse's back. The body is also hung loosely on a round axle, and is balanced in front by two coil spring with eccen- 
trics, which prevents the ' jog^'ing motion" that would otherwise be imparted by the horse. It is, therefore, as easy 
for tha horse as tor the rider 

The Excelsior Phaeton 

N made in four different styles, ranging; in price from ^0 to $160. I al'o keep a laree stock of Family Carriages, 
Open and Top Buif^ies, 4prinfir Wagons and all kinds of Farminir Implements, all of my own manufacture. 1 also 
manufacture my we'l-known VINEYARD and ORCHARD PLOW, which can be run close to trees without danger 
by the whiffletree. 1 am prepared to du all kinds of machine work. 

N. U. ' Parties from abroad who want to get the best article made, at reasonable prices, should address me for 
further informalion and reference. 

tS'Patent Bight for Sale in Counties and States Abroad, 

J. A. BILZ. 


Through Dewey & Co.'s Scien- 
tific Press Patent Agency. 

Ko. aS3 Market street. Klerator, 12 Front St., 8. F. 

Telephone No 658. 

Our U. S. and Forkion Patknt Aokncy pr«. 
sents many and important advantages as a Home 
Agency over all others, by reason of long estab- 
lishment, great experience, thorough system, in- 
timate acquaintance with the subjects of inven- 
tions in our own community, and onr most 
extensive law and reference library containing 
official American and foreign reports, tiles of 
scientific and mechanical publications, etc. All 
worthy inventions patented through our Agency 
will have the benefit of an illustration or a 
description in the Mining and Scikntikic 
Pke-ss. We transact every branch of Patent 
business, and obtain Patents in all countries 
which grant protection to inventors. The 
large majority of U. 8. and Foreign Patents 
issued to inventors on the PaciKc Coast have 
been obtained through our Agency. We can 
give the best and most reliable advice as to the 
patentability of new inventions. Our prices are 
as low as any tirst-class agencies in the Eastern 
States, while our advantages for Pacitic Coast 
inventors are far superior. Advice and Circu- 
lars free. DEWEY & CO., Patent Aoknts. 









Is reco^'uized as the 

Always gives satisfaction. SIMPLE. 
STRONG and DURABLE In all parts. 
Solid Wrought-iron Crank Shaft with 
DOUBLS BKARINOS for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run In adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 
Positlvel)' Self-Regralating ' 
With no coil springs, or springs of any 
kind. No little rods, joints, levers, or anything of the 
kind to get out of order as such things do " Mills In use 
6 to 1 2 years in good order now, that have never cost one 
cent for repairs. All genuine Enterprise Mills for the 
Pacific Coast trade come only through this agency, and 
none, whether of the old or latest pattern, are genuine, ex- 
cept those bearing the "Enterprise Co." ttamp. L"0k out 
for this, as inferior mills are being oRcred with tes- 
timonials applied to them which were given for ours. 
Prices to suit the times. Full particulars free. Best 
Pumps, Feed Mills, etc., kept in stock. Address, 



San"Francl8co Asrency, LINFOBTH, BICB 
CO., 323 <!to 325 Meu-k ai St.. S. F. 

ApPPare °' P<^y*'><' bounty to union Soldiers re- 
ni I cai 9 ported on the rolls as deserters. Act of 

August 7th, 18.S2. 

PAnciniKi ''"^ ^Idls'V disabled In line and dis- 
rdlOIUIIS charge of duty, either by accident or 

WifinWt soldiers who died in the •er\ice or since 
WW lU U wv a discharged from any cause due their mi'i- 
tary service, are entitled to Pension. 

Dappnie In cases where the soldier died, leaving 
raiClllOi neither wife nor children, the parents 
are entitled to pension. 

BniintV Thousands of soldiers are yet entitled to 
uuuillj. bounty. Send for blanks and see If you 

have received all due you. 

nicpha rnoe Honorable Discharges procured; al- 
1/IOl/liai yea. go duplicates. Send for blanks. 

Increase Of Pension. ^^^Z^ttJ^Z 

titled to increase. Send for blank and we will advise yoa 
Address, with two three-cent etamps, 

„ Washington. D. C. 

Box 623 

Attention, Dock Duyers! Dig Pay to Agents !! 

FARMERS, ^■SS,'^ ' - ' '■••-••jj 

Merch.itits, otc.. V ill ilnd mM.x»ia .r 
AND O 'SU'i.ETE M i:< lUM'-, a Vi,rk. « .ajQ 
Knirravin^-.--, 461 Tabk-.-;. and ovvr I n*-" ■ ■ i ; i 
Calculations, rnn-i-vrs. Soonjl.s. RuU-s, . tc, of rare ulilily 
in200Tmd( S. A iH/ fn-c hy mail for $^.r<0, worth its 
veig-ht in prold to any Moohanic, F.mnnr. or Business Man. 
Agent!* Wnyited. Surr Nile evm-whcro fr.p nil time. Ono 
njrent n )i^rt>» Sl37..V> rnrnni in fi f\nyo. Another has raid 
for two fnrms. F..r III. Contents l*:imT>hI« t. T^nn^. nrd 
ISSpoffC C'aulomio of noarlv3rt<K»<iAr(l It.Kik-*. P'Mrcsa 
JfATlONAL tOoK CO., li Xk.« Uman sMxvi, Vor:;. 


The Fixtures cf a Cheese Factory. 

Three large vats, capacity 10 000 pounds; one weighing 
can, one I2'8crew press, one curd knife, 43 cheese hoops. 
Apply to 

WHEATON & LUHRS, 224 Front St., S. F. 

Or W. H. WHITE, Santa Rosa, Cal. 

San Francisco Savings Union 

532 Callfo nia Street, cor. Webb. 

For the half year ending with December 31, 1S82, a 
Divi lend has been declared at the rate of four and thirty- 
two one-hundredth (1.32) per cent, per annum on term 
deposits and three ard siity one-hundredths (3 €0) per 
cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of Federal 
tax, payable on and after Wednesday, January 17, 18S3. 


The Ger,man Savings and Loan Society. 

For the half veir ending December 31st, 1^2, the 
Board of Directors of THE GERMAN SAVINGS AND 
LOAN SOCIEI'V has deulared a diiidend on Term Do. 
posits at the rate of four and thirtj-tivo oiie-haiidredtl s 
(4 32-100) per cent, per annum, and on Ordinary Depos- 
its at the rate of three and eix-tenlhs (.i 10) per cnt. 
per annum, free }rom Federal Tnxes, and payable on and 
kfter the 2ad diy of January, 18b3. By o'der, 

GEO. LETTE, becTetary. 



Best Truck Silver Medal. 

Best Hose Cart Silver Medal. 

4-Sprlngr Waaron. With Top Silver Medal 

Beat Mils Wagon Sliver Medal 

Carriage, Wagon & Truck Manufactory, 

47 & 49 Beale Street, - SAN FRANCISCO 

Silos Reservoirs, Head Gates, 

RANROMR, 4ft« Mnnt<rnm«rv M..R. F S«n<1 forpirmlar 

■ APUVO "ow grasp a fortune. Onl- 

■ M I X tit worth «I0 Iri>.> Address E. 0. 
VtWkll I WKIDEOUT«CO.,10BarclarBt.,N. 7. 

January 13, 1883.] 



The Wool Trade of 1882. 

George Abbot, late E. Grisar & Co., has is- 
sned the usual annual review of the wool 
trade for the year 1882, which contains many 
points of interest. Ii is as follows: 

Increased production and improvement in the 
character of wools grown in other parts of the 
United States have made the wool clip of Cili- 
fornia of secondary importance in the supply 
of the country. Formerly California wools 
were the first of the new clips to reach Eastern 
markets, and they served to replenish stocks 
which at that season of the year were at their 
minimum. Lately, however, Texas has sup- 
planted Califoroii. Shearing takes place there 
at the same time, and her wools can be placed 
in the consuming markets at less cost and in a 
shorter time. While Cilifornia has been mak- 
ing her wool product less desirable in quality, 
increased shrinkage and diminished length of 
staple by finer breeding, Texas has been bring- 
ing her wools to the point formerly occupied by 
California. The increased amount of land in 
this State devoted to cultivation also renders it 
necessary to drive sheep in search of pasture, 
resulting in heavier shrinkage and a greater 
prevalence of burrs and seeds. Scarcely any wool 
in this State is free from these Ucfects. 

Unfavorable weather during lambing tim*", 
scarcity of grass in some sections, and a good 
demind for sheep it Ligh prices for export to 

shipments made without scouring. Heavy and 
defective parcels have been neglected, and are 
in large supply. 

Quotations — Market reached its highest point 
in Uacember. 

Choice Northim 18* to 20 

Good to fair Northern 16 to 17 

San Joaquin 10 to 10 

Southern Coast U to 13 

Unusual discrimination has existed against 
wools containing burrs or seeds. 

Oregon — Local mills were larger purchasers 
than heretofore, especially of Valley wools, so 
that receipts here have very much diminished. 
These wools are becoming too coarse for Eist- 
ern shippers to buy. Eastern Oregon wools are 
becoming finer and heavier in grease and dirt. 
Local scources have been the chief buyers. 
ChoicB wools opened at 26o., and have receded to 
23c. Good lota have declined from 25c to 22c. 

Stocks of Siuthern Coast — spring, fall and 
Oregon, both Valley and Eistern — are excep- 
tionally large. 

Freights overland were 2|3. par pound dur- 
ing the spring season. They are now 22 on 
wools costing over 18 j. per pound; costing over 
123. up to ISo. per pound, 2c; and costing 12c. 
or under, Ihi. Scoured wool, 3J,-3. Siiling 
vessels have taken a large amount of wool, 
chiefly for manufacturer's account, at I Jj. per 


1854 ... 
IhSf) , . . 
ISSO . . . 
ISf)/ ... 
ISM . . . 
18'>:» ... 
isiio . . . 
1801 ... 
ISO : . . . 

1=03 ... 






17.''), 000 

1804 . . 

. . 7,923 070 1874 .. 


300 000 

n<ir, . . 

. . 8 949 931 

187.'-. .. 


000 000 

lSO(i .. 

.. 8 .'j32 047 

187(i . . 

. .50 550,970 

1 100,000 

1807 .. 

. .10.288 600 

1S77 . . 


1 42,S 3r,l 

1808 . . 

. .14 232,(i.';7 

1878 . . 

. .40,862,001 

2 S7< 2'.0 

1.^00 .. 

..15,413 970 

1879 .. 


3.0-..-. 3-2- 

1»70 .. 

..20,072 OJO 

1880 . . 

..40 074 154 

3 72 1 !,9 i 

1871 .. 


1881 .. 

. .45 076 039 

5,9!)() 300 

1872 .. 

. .24,2.'>5,408 

1882 . . 

. . 39 488 349 

6.2GS 480 

l'-73 .. 


A Cart and Manure Spreader. 

We give on this page a picture of a device 
which is now being largely used at the East for 
the application of fertilizjrs, and is popularly 
termed a manure spreader. 

The principle of the spreader is that of a sub- 
stantial cart of strongest construction, mounted 
on broad tired wheels. The floor of the cart 
is a revolving apron, provided with suitable 
machinery geared from the axla, and when in 
gear moves slowly to the rear, carrying its 
load in contact with a swiftly revolving beater, 
that picks the material to pieces and scatters it 
evenly over the land as the cart moves along_ 
By a simple dtvioe a fast or slow 
speed is given the apron to spread diffdr- 
ent quantities per acre as may be required. 
The farmer may know just how much manure 
he is using without the trouble of measuring 
his field and manure pile. It handles all grades 
of manure on the farm from the coarsest to the 
finest. Also lime, ashes, muck, marl, cotton- 
seed, broadcast or in drills, and when in oper- 
ation will do the work of 10 men. It is thrown 
in gear by means of a single lever at left of 
driver's seat, and throws itsi-lf out of gear when 
load is spent. Traveling and t ) from a field none 
of its machinery is in motion. 

Removing the beater and placing endboard, 
it can ba used for any ordinary cart purpose, 
very handy for baadling vegetables, removing 
manure piles, for composting, etc. The revolv- 
ing bottom is easily run out by hand and a 
whole or part of load can be dumped at once. 

The Spreader will connect with the fore 
wheels of any orf'in iry farm wa^on at king bolt, 



other localities, have caused a largely decreased 
production; cattle, also, being more profitable, 
are taking the place of sheep on some large 
ranches, but land is no longer held in large 
enough blocks to render this general, In the 
south many sheep have been shorn only once, 
owing to low prices ruling for fall wool. If 
the season should prove favorable, a materially 
increased production would result, as the coun- 
try is lightly stocked with sheep. 

For a month after the opening of the spring 
Season an active demand prevailed at prices 
above the expectations of growers or receiv- 
ers. About the middle of May several Eistern 
manufacturers, having supplied their wants, 
withdrew from the market. Since that time 
dullness (interrupted by short seasons of activ- 
ity) and constant shrinkage in values have pre- 
vailed. Eistern manufacturers opened the 
market, and have kept it at a point too high to 
allow shippers to forward wools to Eastern mar- 
kets, and sell them without loss, in competition 
with the wools produced in other sections. 

Spring Clip — The spring clip in appearance 
was better than in the previous year, and the 
proportion of long stapled, well-grown wool was 
larger. Waste in scouring and burring increases 
annually, and especially wools grown in Hum- 
boldt and Mendocino. These show the tffect 
of the introduction of fine blooded bucks. Dur- 
ing the pasl- three years the shrinkage on wools 
KrowD in these sections has increased from 5 to 
8 per cent., and for the present year will range 
from GO to 65 per cent. 

Q iotations — Prices were highest in the early 
patt of May. 

Choice Northern 26 to 27 

Small sales were made at 27 to 28 

Good to Uir Northern 24 to 27 

Average stapled (Sm .Joaquin) 16 to 22![ 

Good stapled (San Joaquin) 17 to 2 i 

Good stapled (Southern Coast) 18 to 21 

Average Stapled (Southern Coast) 15 to IS 

Fall Clip — The fall clip has been the small- 
est since 1873, and poorer than for some years. 
Shrinkage and defects are both increasing. 
Owing to the small amount of nearly free wools 
suitable for scouring, such lots have been tiken 
readily and at fully maintained rates. Hurn- 
boldt and Mendocino fall have also been in 
good demand, and form the greater part of 


R'ceipts at San Bags. 
January, 1831, Fall... 3 727 
February, " "... 1,406 
March, ' " "... 506 

Ap'il 10.629 

Ma? 33,075 

June 7,608 

July 8,372 

August 4,532 

September ... 9,048 

October 16,157 

November 10,005 

December 4,704 


There was Fall 
wool received, 
3 9,79 2 bags, 

weighing 13,927,200 

Fall wool nhipped 
direct from the 
interior 1,501,190 

Total Fleece 

wool 39,159,499 

Pulled wool Bhip'd 
direct from San 
Francisco 288,850 

Total productions 

of California . .39 448,349 
Fall wool of 1881, 

5 639 bags 1,871,870 

On hand Dece-nber 

31, 1881, about.. 5,000,000 
Rectiveil from Or- 

egon,24 041 b'gs. 7,.392,300 
Foreign wool rec'd, 

3,967 biles 1,190,000 

Grand total 54,902,519 

Total 109,859 


Of which there was 
Spring wool, 61.- 
428 bags, weigh- 
ing 19,972,680 

Spring wool ship- 
ped direct from 
the interior 3,753 429 

Total Spring pro- 
duction 23,731,109 


Domestic, foreign, pulled and scoured. Lbs. 

Per rail, inclusive of shipmenis from the in- 
terior 27,709,899 

Per steamer, inclusive of shipments from the 
coast 92 083 

Per sail 7,249,215 

Total Shipments 35,051,797 

Value of export- $7,000,000 

On hand Djcember 31, 1882, about 10.000,000 

Difference between receipts and export"! 
arises from consumption of local mills, and wod 
on hand awaiting shipment in the grease or 
scoured. The difference is more marked than 
formerly on account of the increased amount of 
wool scoured. Foreign wool is chitfl/ from 
Australia in transit to Etstern markets. The 
weights of receipts and exports are gross. The 
usual tare of bags received is about three 
pounds each; on pressed bales shippsd, 14 to 10 
pounds each. 

Fish Commissioner. — Gov. Perkins has ap- 
pointed Joseph D. Redding, of San Pfancisco, 
son of the late B. B. Kedding, to be Fish C )m- 
missioner — thus not only appointing a capable 
man, but properly honoring the memory and 
name of the father of the Pish Commission, 

so that it is not necessary to buy the forward 
truck. There is a drill atta)hment with ad- 
justable shutes or spouts, made to attach to the 
rear end of Spreader, that catches material after 
it leaves the beater, and run? into single or 
double rows, with same regularity as broad 

There are two sizes of Spreader, s''z98 1 and 
2. S Z3 1 holds about 30 bushels or one-third of 
a cord, and is the sizj most used. S'ze2 is one- 
fourth larger and recommended only where the 
manure is ot a litiht character. 

The manure spreader is manufactured by the 
Kemp and Burpee Maaufactucing Co., at Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., and they publish a pamphlet con- 
cerning the machine which should be sent for 
by all who are interested in its work. 

What Senator Steele Thinks of the 

Hon. George Steele, of Sin Luis Obispo, 
chosen at the last election to represent his rich 
district in the St»ts Senate, writes us in the fol- 
lowing straightforward and business-like man- 

By .vour terms I shall need to send you $3.25 instead of 
$3, the price I should have paid had I renewed proiopily 
on ume Well, th»t i-) all right—cheap at that; would 
not do without the Prkss for twiie the money. 1 en- 
close you olieck for .?3 50. Please pcnd me copy of your 
report of the Fruit Growers' Convention in pamphlet 
form, according lo your advertisement in the Piim.8, when 
you have ii ready for dtlivery. Gbohob Stkrlk. 

Hay in Fresno County. — Hay is scarce and 
valuable in some pait) of the San Joaquin val- 
ley. The Fresno ^^jT/JOiiiior of Jan. .31 says: "All 
the hay now held in this county is owned by 
small farmers, who are holding it for a still 
farther rise on account of the continued dry 
weather. Grain hay is held at .$20 to $22 loose, 
and .'J25 baled. Alfalfa hay brings readily .f 15 
to .^;18 loose — very little of it is baled. We 
doubt very much if there is hay enough in the 
county, of any kind, to feed the stock tit work 
until the new crop comes into market." 

DEBaiTATRO persons and sufferers from wasting di.s- 
case', each as consumplinn, scrofula, kidney iitluctions, 
will be greatly Oenelllel ';y using Brown's Iron IJilters. 

Est.u;lisiied 1815, 

M'ith n riclilT rolorcl plate of a Group of Carnations, :tnd a rt''. 
ficiiptive pried li,-.t of 2.OIJ0 varieties of Flower an.l VKfiBTABl.i: 
Bceiis — with muoU useful information upon theirculturc— loO page* 
— mailed to all applicant!! eiiclosint; G cents to prepay postage. 

Exira Early, Very Dwar; (8 to lO Snchesl, Ro- 
eiuires no Bushing, Exquisite IFIavor. 

Ac1rnon-lri1^e.t by all to tie the best antl earliest Pea crown. 

t\VrTH(X.-A9 there i.i .-loother Pea in the m.nrliot called 
" American Wonder," send to us and get the geuuiue Bliss's Amer- 
ican Wonder. 

Prices. —Half pint package, 25 cents: pint, 45 cents : fiuart. 
80: bp mail, post-paid. 

Our .Noveliy Slicct, giving full particulars of all the leading nov- 
elties, mailed free. 



Beautifully iUustratod ; devoted exclusively to the Garden. 

treaLj"h'"th'(;m'^ authorities on the subjects 


Jil.OO per year. C copies (with premlum-t) iS.'i.OO. 
Sample copy Ircc. IV. beciiis Juii., 1SS8. 

' B. K. BLISS & SONS, 34 Barclay Street, New York. 

Moore's Prepared 

ITie most sucoessful Poison In use tor Squirrel Killug 

C. E. WILLIAMS & CO., Proprietors, 

Moore's Sulphur Dip; Safe, Sure and Cheap prepnrv 

tlo-. .'o>- »!,,. . „r. of Sr!.h In «hpov, 

— 1883 — 
New Music Books 


sonas which are the people; 's favorites'. Words ofte" ar- 
rant nonsense, hut tne raolodiea some of the sweetest and 
best in the world. The &ucc2as ot the Stason, and is sell- 
ing raijidly. A tine, large volutne, pages lull sheet music 
siz". ^-i bd.; J'i.jjO cl. 

94 Songji, including "Old Folks at Home," and all 
of Fostci's iK'st. "O'a Uncle Ned," "Rosa Lee," "Ken- 
tucky Home," also "L Hy Uiile." 'Twiiiklinjf Stars," and, 
in fact, a larxe pirt of the popular favorities of the last 
thirty years. 

Vbrv Kasy iNiTHicTioN Boom, with veiy entertaining 
airs for practice, are Winner's 

For Violin, For Guitar, 

For Piuno, Price of F"r C.«b net Or<r»n, 

For Cornvt. For Acvorilnou, 

For Kliti{«olet, eaCh f'>r Clarinet, 

For FifB, For Bunju, 

For Flute, 75 CtS. 

Simple instructions ami nearly 100 tunes in each. 
Gounod :i REDEMPTION, $1, 

only eoiiton wiin GouiioU'o orchestration.'» BOHEMIAN CIRL, $1. 

Only copy wir,ii Libretto ai,d liusintaa. 

MUSICAL FAVORITE. (Juat out.) New Boob 
of iSuuiid MiHic. Kiiie bcleciion of Pia'io Pieces. 
$2 Plain; $2 ,00 Cloth; $3 Oiit. 


ClIAS H. DITSON & CO.. 843 Broadway, New York. 


Orders for Scionx fioni those who wish to propa^^ate 
thij excellent pear, shjuld ho sent enrly to the under- 
siijned, as the uuaibor that can be supplied is very 

i^TCultiiifts, a foot in length (averaeing three scions), 
eix for *1, by mail, or forty for $t>. (No trees ) 

LKCO.XTK.-Cuttinss, 3 for $1; 25 for $2, by mail. 

SORCUUni HALEPISNSIC, or "brccn V..lhy 
Grass." — B pounds for $15 pir 100 pounds by express. 

CHl'PA.— $1 per quait by mail. 

For further information address, 


Columbia, - - - . Oilifor nla. 


tint; Mncliiiin < \ cr lnv( n|r i|. Will knit a p.ilr of 
stockuus \\iih HI ',£:rjiinil TOE complete. lo2U 
mUuiU'S. It will nl,io knit a i;rcat v.iriety of lancy- 
worl; forwhk li tlu'ic Is nlw/ivs a ready in;irl;ot. Send 
fnrcirt nlnr ami terms to the 'I'lvoinbly liiilttina 
Machine Co.« lUSXrcuiout Street, U.^9lou, Mu^s. 



[January 13, 1883 

Lands for Sale ana !o Lei 


Good water, rich soil and magniKcent view 
High elevation, dry air, few fogs and norther.'. 

No brash or iences on the land, which is e£ 
pecially adapted to the culture of the orange 
and raisin grape. 

Near to church, school, store and depot. 
Hotel open. Telephone Communicatioa. 

Stage from San Bernardino Tuesdays, Thun- 
days and Saturdays. 





Good Crops £vnry Season 
Without Irrigation. 

Free by mail, specimen numhor of "Th- fali/ornian Le I 
Es'.'Ue Exchawjt and Mart, " lull of tel able iutuiiiiatioii ^ v 
climate, pruauutitji^, etc , of 

Address "Exchange a- Mart." S&uta Cruz. Cal. 


Real Estate Agents, 5^ Kearity St, San >'rancisco. 
Farms, Fniit and Orchard Lands, bbeen Kaucltt;6 and 
Tiujbt^r Land for sale aud eichaage. Send stamp f< r 




■ ■ 




Curvature of the Spine, Wry-Neck, An- 
chylosis, Club Feet and Bow Legs. 

TrusseD and Crutches, Elastic Stocking's for Varicoi-c 
Veins. Supporters and Bandages of every description 
Also, inventor of the Celebrated Antenwrieth's C! jb-Foot 
Shoe. Send for circulars. WM. AUTENRISiTH, 
71 Weat Slxtb Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

417 Kearny Street, San Pranclaco. 

The only Buai-.esi College on the Pacific Ci ait iu which 
Tf.vl Uook» are furuiihed FKKK tu Stu tents. 
For CirciUars a-idress G. C. BARNAUD, Mpuagcr 



E. A. SCOTT & CO., 

Proprietors for the Pacific, 

P. 0. Box 293, Sacramento, Cal. 


Hayes' Fire TrucK. 

i^'ClrcuUis Forwarded Free to any Address.^ 


.Oj-.Niimi. m.:it].v prlnlr.i 1„ pr,.||, ,, 
on lit) VN.DiH. lllliO.MO (at-.l. n ,'^ 
I.IM.K, n . .1 .„,„,.,l r,.i-„,.,.,„„,| ,,l;,|„ 

I KAIll, n.t.itAl.s p ld, i,e»\.ni. 

1 JLOIlAUs. iiiiiui. l,v l,:iti.l n, ,| (!„„,.„, 

Send 'J.,, for ,„.„ ,ui,um of'Sniiii for .tirnl.. 11... 

dui-cd ITIo^I.l.i. A,, -jdo >f.» UKSIC.VS nilili.d thU 
I le«.nn. Ordrr. nrnmpll. tlll,..l. lil.l.Vli HIU)S nl 
SrF\ l\s nUO'.. t o. .Xi.rlhford, <v,i.„ 




4,000 IN USE. 

Single and Snlby Plows, Seed Sowers, Harrows, Etc. 
































The " 1 rWP" subjects the Boll to the ac'.i jn of a Crusher and Leveler, and at the same time ti the Cutlin({, 
Liftini;, 'I uriiii.^ piucess of double rows of 8TEEL COULTERS, the peculiar shape and arraneement of which give 
Immense Cuttinst Power. The entire absence i f Mi ikes or Spring Teeth avoids pulling up rubbinh. It is erperially 
adapted to inverted sod, liard clay and • sli nth land" where other Harrows utterly fail, aud also worlcs [lerfcclly on 
light soil. 

NASH & BRO., Sole Manufacturers, 

Manu actor y and Principal OflBee : 


SOLD IN CALIFORNIA BY: O. R. Ad.Hns & Ron, Sau Gabriel; Oliver Holden, San Jose, John 
Tuohy, V i9;.liu; Ueu. bull iS: v.o., r lanosco. Sold in Utah, Mont ana uitd Idaho by Qeo. A. Lowe, Salt Lake City. 

Berrv & Place Machine Company, 

PARKE & LACY Proprietors. ' 

No. 8 California Street, ' - - - - - San Francisco, Cal 

Insporters and Dealers in every Variety of 


Stationary, Portable and Hoisting Engines and Boilers, 


Sblngle Mills, Emery Grinders and Emery Wheels, Gardner Qovemora, Leather 
and Bulsber Belting and Packing, together with a general line 
of Mining: and Mill Supplies. 
iV Catalogues and Price Lists furnished on application, .ff 


One Piece Solid Steel Send for Circular. 
J. A. ROEBLING'S SONS CO.. 14 Drnmm Street. S. F. 


UP, Asthma, Bronchitis. 




tivcly prevent these terrible diseases, and will cure nine 
cases out of ten. Information that will save many lives, 
sent free by mail. Don't delav a moment. Prevention is 
belter tbau cure. 1. U. JouNso.v' t Co., Boston, Mass. 


In Prices 

- I'.Y - 

Joe Poheim, 


No. 7Q4 Market Street 

— AMD— 

203 Montgomery Street. 

Suite formerly made to order t-2\ Reduced to $20. 
Suits formerly made tu Order 230, Kfdiieed to »25 
Suits formerly made to order il!>. Red uced to t3S. 

By all means call and see JOE POIIEIM before 
buying elsewhere. You will get a stjiish cut and 
the bebt workman-hip. 

4» Special attention is called to a large line Just 
imported of Oreen, Olive Blue, and all the latest 
olors of finest woolens that the market ever pro 

Perfect Fit Guaranteed 


724 Market Street 

■ AND- 

203 Montgomery St., 


Messrs. Batohelor &. Wylie, 


and AgenU for the 

Albion Seed Sower and Cu'tivator, 

37 Market St., S. F. 


The best Shooting Onus for the price. Flue Stub Twist 
Barrels. Pistol Grin, Patent Fore-md R<bouudinj Ham- 
mers. Chokr Bored llkr Ihr FanioiiH Tarfcrr 
liun. Every breech-loader tias a record of its shooting. 
12-Gange, iSi; 10 gauge, *35; Muzzle Loaders, *15. Send for 
(JirciUar aud mention this paper. K. T. ALLEN, Sole 
Agent. Importer of Fire arms ana Sporting Goods. 416 Mar- 
ket Street. San Franciso.o. Cal. 

Agents Wanted. 

A Library in One Volume. New, authentic and ex- 
haustive. The largest, handsomeat, most compiehenslve 
and best Illustrated Work on Live Stock ever issued in 
this country. 

f ndorsed by Veterinary Surgeons and the Agricultural 
Press every wh. re. The "Object Teaching" Slock Book 
for evt ry day use. 

7he"Am'rican Farmers' Pic'orial Cyclortedia of Live 
Slock." erohraiiog Horaei", Cattle, Swine, Sheep and 
Poultry, iiicludiitg Departments on Dogs and Bees; being 
also a Complete Stock Doctor, combining the . ffective 
Dietboil ol Objtct Teaching with written instructions. 

For Terms and Circulars apply to J. DEWINQ & CO., 
420 Bush S'.., Sao Francisco, Cal. 

Mission Rock Dock and Grain Warehouse, 

San Francisco, OaL 
06,OOO tons capacity. Storaga at loweat rat* 
CAUrORNIA DRY DOCK CO. - . Proprt*tetlL 
Oflloo— na Oalllnimla HtrMt. Rnon I. 

In Elegant Script Type, ^ 

OU60 I.Cimti;iiIlinl'Oil^ J clirora< 
ill, 10c. 14 pkl. ftl. 20 l'<^arl Lr. 
deede.Mt Willi l.ppedco 
l.rK«All>Din coDliilDlnj; .11 tlie latest^ 
lmport«*iI l>e»d e lr. .n.t latin frinpo^ 
I llluitnit|..l prrn.'...,m II.IA pil 
Sic rAIlD MILLS. V. 


Common and PowJered. 

T. W. JACKSON 6l CO., 

304 California Street, - - Sau Francleco. 



NI.W V VUD8, iuil li.ued for 1888, for JOc. 
li 1 sck.fll. All l liruu.i .. Tlic! lovelieilfanry Jtii;!!. i v.rKin. 
'JocH'Cllimunlity I. our aim. .Nam. I.i ikw .i; l« ivm. 
Saiiij-lo Ittjyk ol .1 kl\I.t. Itcvcl J.ujrc Importcu Holiday 
tad U rlLJay Car.!*, with 'J4 pnco lilu.trotcd I'riMiiiuia 
list. 125c. OalliilOe. B. K. l.;A i'u.\ k CO. Nuriliford, Cunn. 

This paper Is printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charles Bneu Johnson Si Co., 600 
South 10th St.. Philadelphia. Branch OIH- 
ces— 47 Rose St , New Yotk, and 40 La Salle 
St., Chicago. Atrent for the Pacific Coaat— 
Joseph H. DoretF, 6^9 Cotnmercial St, S, F. 

January 13, 1883.] 



Six lines or less in thin Directory at 60c. a line per month. 


WILiLiIAM NIl-iBS, i.oB Angeles, OaL Thorough- 
bred Foullry, CaMle and Hogs. Write for circular. 

btatiou, o. a N. 1". K. K., bouoma Couuly. VViiired 
Page, Manager. P. O. address, Petaluma, dal. Short. 
Horn Bulls and Cows, Spanish Merino Bucks and Kwes, 
for sale at reasonable Hgures. 

aYJjVJUSTEK bCOTT, Uloverdale, Sonoma Co., Cal., 
Breeder ot Keeurued ThoioughLired atioix, Horn Cattle 
and bpanisb Merino Sheep. Jacks and Jennets tor sale 
at reaoonaoie hgures. 

M BS . M. Jil. BR AD LiB Y, San Jose, CaL Breeder of 
recorded thoroughbred anort Horn Cattle and Berk- 
shire hogs. A cuuice lot ol young stock lor sale. 

liOBT. BJilCK, Ban Frandsco. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Jersey catile. Ueid took Six Premiums of the 
eleven oUered at State t air, lb81. 

eSO. BEMENT, Kedwood City, San Mateo Co., CaL 
Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle. Several Hue young Bulls, 
Yearlings ana Calv«s i*or Sale. 

R. J. MtURKliLEY, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of 
Percheron rturmau Horses ana Short Uom and Uraded 

R. MCEMESPY, Chico, Butte Co., CaL Breeder of 

Thoroughbred Devons 


Ii. U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, CaL Importer an<J 
Breeder of Spanish Merino Sheep. Durham Cattle, Red 
Duroc and Berkshire Swine. High Graded Uams lor 

B. W. WOOLiSKY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal. Importers and Breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City oUice, No. 418 California 
s!t.. S F. 

J . B. HOY T, Bird s Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and Importer of Shropshire Sheep. Hams and Kwes 
lor sale. Also cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 


TH03. WAITB, Brighton, Cal. Breeder and im- 
porter of pure breu poultry . Langshan eggs, 85.00 per 
dozen. Light Brahmas, Plymuuih Hocks, Partridge 
Cochins, W. F. B. Spanish, Brown and White Leghorns, 
Spangled Uamburgs, U'llden Sebrights, Bantams, Tou- 
louse Geese aud Pekui Ducks' eggs, $3.00 per dozen. 

O. J. ALtiEE, Santa Clara, Cal., Importer and Breed- 
er of Standard Poultry: Ameiicaii sebrights, Lingshaiis, 
Plymouth x;ocks ana Brown Leghorns. Laiigsnun eggo 
1^4 00 per seliiug. Uther varieties, $3.0U. Jf'ow.s aud 
CnicKs for sale. 

J N. LiUND, cor. Webster and Booth Sts., Oakland, 
P. O Box 116, Breeder of Thorou!;hbred Poultry, Ply- 
mouth Kocks, brown Leghorns, Light Brahmas, Lang- 
gbaus and B. B. U. Game Bantams. 4^ Eggs and Fowls 
lor sale. 


Santa Kosa, Cal. High-class Poultry. Eggs lor hatch- 
ing. Langihaiis, $3.50; Li^ht iirahmas, $2 50; Brown 
LetflioriiB. i' l per seitiiig. 

MKS Li. J. WAl KlNS, San Jose, Cal. Pure bred, 
F''aiH;y I'oul.ry; Whi e and Brown Leghorns, Plymoth 
Itocks, Langslians and Hoadan j. £ggs and Fowls- 

IMPROVED EGG POOD— Try it for Poultry; 
1-Ib box, 4Uc; 3 Ibi, $1; 10 lbs, ij;2 60, 25 lbs, 85 
B. F. WKL -iNurOiS, J25 WashinKton St., S. F. 

MRS M. E. NEWHALLi, San Jose, Cal. Bronze 
Turkeys, Brown Leghorns, Langshans, Plymouth 
Kocks, Peklu Ducks. Fowls and Eggs in season. 

L. C. BYCE, Petaluma, Cal. Breeder of thoroughbred 
Poultry. Illustrated cucular free. 


JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hogs are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 

TYLER BEACH, San Jose. Cal. Breeder of thor- 
oughbred Berksbires of stock Imported by Gov. Stanford 


Big Hedge Poultry Yaros. 



20 Houdans, 25 Black Spanish, 

20 Langshans, 50 Buff Cochins, 

50 Brown Leghorns, 100 Plymouth Rocks, 

50 While Leghorns, 25 Golden Polands. 

For fur'her particulars address as above. 

01 Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and prices on application to 

Baden Station - - San Mateo Co. 


For Hatching 

Fromjas fine Tho-ouihbred Poultry as was ever brought 
to the Pacific Coast Large Illustrated Cir- 
cular Free. Send for it. 

L. C. BYCE, 
Petaluma, Sonoma Co , Cal 

Pi O. Box 71. 

To Fis h Ra isera. 

I am now to sell 0»rp which were Imported by me 
from Oarawi* in IffiS. is loto to rait A4d»eM 

T 4 poomii. s/»r,n»»». r»i 

Splendid! 50 Latest Style chromo cards, name, 10c. Pre 
mium with 3 packs. E. H, Pardee, New Uaven, Ct. 

Oakland PouHry Yards, 

Cor. ITih and Castro Sts., Oakland, 'Cal. 


Importer and Brueder of all the best known and most 

profitable varieties of Land and Water Fowls. 
Brahmas, Cocblns, Ho3d«D8, Lings-ane, 
Leghorns, t^ollsh Hamburgs, 
Bronze Turkeycs, 
And the new fowl, AMERICAN SEBRIGHT or EURKKA. 


No. I, Capacity, 650 Bftgs, Price. $90. 
No. 2, •• 250 •' '• 65 

No 3, " 180 " " 45 

Guaranteed to hatch NINETY PER CENT, of all fertile 
eggs; 9,000 chickens successfully reared from two of these In- 
cubators last season. For further particulars send stamp 
for illustrated cu-cular to 4;K4». B. BAYI.El, 

Eox 1771, San Francisco. 


Unscrupulous persons, envious of the Fame and World- 
wide Reputation of 


Are, by fra-idulently imitating the style of packages even 
to forging the very trademark of the Imperial, endeavor- 
ing to put upon the market 

Worthless Stuff of No Value to Fowls, 

Under a name 60 similar to the Imperial as to be easily 
mistaken fur it at first sight. We take this means of 
caution-ng our uumerous customers awainst the fraud. 

The Imperial Egg Kood is now used in every part of the 
United states, and its sale on this coast is simply won- 
derful, our order book showing that every customer con- 
tinues to order, while every letter received is a testimo- 
nial for the Imperial. In purchasing, see that you get 
THE IMPEIUAL and none other, no matter how nearly 
similar in name and appearance. Send for Circula s and 

Relail Prices of Imperiftl Eg-gFood:— 1 Pound 
Package, 60 Cents; 2i l-uund Package, $1.00; 6 Pound 
Box,|32 00; 25 Pound Keg, 46.25. 

Sold by the trade generally, or address 

G. G. WICKSON, 319 Market St., S. F. 

We have for sale at our farm at Mountain View , thor 


From our Thoroughbred Berkshire Boar and Sow, which w< 
Imported from England in 1880. Pigi from Imported Boai 
ind Sow, 825 each. From Imported Boar and Thorouehbred 
Sow, $10 to $20, Our Imported Pigs are as nice Pigs at 

theie are in the otate. Auurcss, 1 J. I'ruman, a. i . 


Bre der cf High Class 

Langshans, Black Cochins, White and 
Brown Leghorns, Pekin Ducks 
and 'Joulouse Oeese. 

My s'.ock is all first -cliss, and are 
mated to secure the best result". Eggs 
and fowls for sale at veiy low prices. 
Send stamp for Circular. 


Nipa City, Napa Co., Cal. 



Oorner of Front and M Streets, Sacramento 


Fruit and Packing Boxes Made to Order, 


Oommonlcattonil Promptly Attended to. 
OOOK A SONS. SnnrMximn to Oooin ft Unvtm^ 

V 9. " '"(:fl^t*='- 


Baby Machine in Operation. 


Th'rty eggi iiapacity. §12: liO efcgs capacity. $23. Never yet 
exhibited withon* compntHion, and always awardi d First 
Piemium; 1882 Silver Medal and Dioli nia, State Fair, over 


1831 Sonoma and Marin District Fair, and 1882 First Pre- 
ium. Diploma and only SpecUd awaided in the entire 
Fair, in competition with 

NATIONAL (Axfor«lg) 

And others. Over 2,'?0Q chicks hatched a^ above fairs. 
Large ran hiues, octagon ( vens. heat entering ceiitfr; 210 
eggs, ?J60; 4ijO eggs, S?6; 030 egg8, $90; Cii cular free. Adih-osp, 

I. L. BIAS, 

p. O Box 242. PETALUM*, CAL. 


ELIAS GALLUP, Hanford, Tulare Co., Cal 

Breeder of pure bred Poland China pigs of thu Black 
Beauty, Black Btss, Bismarck, »nd other noted families. 
Imported boars. King ef Bonny View, and Cold Dust at 
head of the herd. Stock recorded in A. P. C. R. Pigs sold 
at reasonable rates. Correspondence sOiicited. Address 



Spanish Merino"] 


First Premium Flock for Four Years. 1 wo hundred 
head for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit custo. 
mers. tS" Orders promptly filled! 


Address, E. W. PEET, Manager, Haywards, Alameda 
Co., Cal. Box 1164 



Free from Poison. Prepared 
by the Italian Government 
Co. Cures thoroughly the 


remedy known. Keiiable tusti- p . 
moni lis at our oftice. 3S 

For particular.^ fpply to 
CHAS. DUISENBERG & CO.. Sole Agents, 314 Sacramento 
Strept. San FranniHon 


Price Reduced 

^ Twenty gallons o' fluid 
p mixed with cold water will 

make 1,200 i;allons Dip. 
l),|k Apply to FALKNER, 
BF.LL & < :0.. .San Vn■nc^^ c < 


Of California, 


Anthorized Capital, - $1,000,00 

In 10,000 Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $531,200. 

Rcaenre Fand and Paid ap Stock, 91,178, 



A. D. LOGAN Vice-Prenidpnt 

FKANK MoMULLEN 8eoretar» 


JOHN LEWELLINQ, President Nana Pn 

T F • Vista 

J^^R^ A H^w^w.K Stanislaus Co 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara Oo 

H M^AV.f'r'^^" •— • Solfn™ 

H. M. LARUE <- Yolo Co 

I. e. .STEELE Sai Mat«,rn 

l^?^n^.^^^.^J^^^^- .■.'.Sacramento S 

C J. CRES8EY Merced Co 

SENECA E WEK. . ............ Nana Co 

A. D. LOGAN ^....................tolXS 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and conducted in the 
usual way, bank books balanced up and statements of ao- 
counts rendered every month 

LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 

COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 
promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 

GOLD and SILVER Ueoosiis receiveu 

CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on 

TERM DEPOSITS are rectlyed and interest aUowed as 
follows: i/^ per annum if left for 6 months; oer annum il 
left for 12 months. 

BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 
and sold. 


„ „ Cashier and Managrer. 

San Francisco, Jan. 15, 1882. 


For hatching chickens. .Self-regulatinp, durable, practical 
aid Pas ly uiultTstood. w 7tot a Toy, hut a Praclica 

Maniifacinrinu Machinr. Can BE RUN in any Tempbka 
TtTKE. Aa 1' auciers. Amateurs HUd otherrt Hre ready to nee 
a good, re-iable, Self-i egnlating Incubator, that can be pro- 
cu't^d cheap, we now < ffer one that hc»l(ls 150 eggs. 
TUe BilOy Frloc. Si28. 4»^Send fur Circular. 

J. P. CLARK, Hole Agent for the Pacific Coist, 
630 Howard [■t . San Francisco. 

Dana's White Metallic Kar Marking Label, stamped 
to order with name, or name and address and num- 
bers. It is reliable, cheap and convenient. Sells at 
Eight and gives perfect satisfaction. Illustrated 
friCC'List and samples free. Agents wanted. 

C. U. DANA, West Lebanon, N. H. 


Blanding Avenue, bet. Everett and Broad way, 

Importer and Breeder of Ihorouahhrcd Fowls. Lmp- 
shans (Croad Strain) American aehriuhts, Plymouih 
K icks, Brown and White L't horns. ht'SfS for hatching. 

A. H. SMITH. CHAS. W. SMITH. M.inager. 

Aid ess: Biooklyn, Alameda Co., Cal. 


That the public should know that for the past ELEVEN year-, onr SOLEBURINESS has been, and now is, importing 
(OVER 100 CARLOADS) and breedluK improved Liv« Stock-Horses, Jacks, Short Horns, AyTslurcH and Jer. ya (or 
Alderneva) and their graJea; al»o ALL THE VARIKTIEK of breeding Sheep and I logs We an *" H""^ 

inimala that may be wanted, and at VERY REASONABhE I KK I S and on CON VH NIENT TERMS. Write or tall on 
5. LICK HOUSE, San Francisco, Cal., October 22, 1881 PETER SAXE & HOMl.^ P. SAXE 


"California Chief" 


Patented July %r>, IsHM. 
This Machine was Awarded 

And is pr.mounced by all farmers that have examined 
same to be THE best. Send for circular and piices. 

BRUSH & CO., Agents 
409 California St., - - Han Francisco. 


A flrst-clas?, three-fourths Norman Fer 
cl er on stall on. 

Adilres , 


Watsonville. - - • California. 




Froni up. Send 

fur dtscri 111 i\e price list. 

Tburuiiglibrcd Poiiliry 
and E!;g!4. 
1011 Broadway, 
Oakland, Cal. 


Hi-at m tllo World <. 
Wai i Miit. (I one year. 

Latest liupioveuients. Powerful, 

Rl I a" I I £J ^Guaranteed cured inSO to 1)0 
\3 " ■ U td iy« by Dr Pierce's Method. 
5:^' I'lcrce'a .Toumal" November, with full particularF, 
Sacianicnto St., Sin Franisco, Cal. 

On 50 liir(;i< >t«<> r.tRn8. Rpmpn- 
;iiir|., Si'iilliiii'iil, lliinil llni|iii'l, ^r. 
nlika . lUr, U|iks. SI. I'li.Jl'.e Kriill 
r AIImiiii i>r IIIU Mimiilr* ntiil list ot 
200 (.||.:raiitpr<.|i>iiiiiiMiiid^'.(/iicr(f/Vtcr 

tiilt Ucvi-l Kilifc (.'unl!,,tiiriivd corutTjlOe. 

'igfiits iiiiik*. r,» ppr rpnt. Wp offer tlip Inr(rP«t llnp of ComIo 

(hp lipst l-rpiiil and llip lunp^t |irlpp«. Wp AH nil orilpn 

|>roni|illT Hiiil i,'ii;irn»lppf.nlUr;iolloii. Amnfpiir Trlnlpr, Kiin- 
iilloJ.»Hli liliioli PiinNiilwholpvilp iirlrpn. K.lulplUlipil 1870. 
MOHTIIIOHU ( Ail!) W0UK8, Morlhfuril, I'onn. 




Wantpd— A Situation by a 
Practical Farmer 

As Vinager or Su pcrintcndent of a stock or craiu farm 
(grain farm preferred) At present Superintendent rfi a 
large grxii fami in Dvkota. I understand stock and 
grain farming m a'l it.s branches. Address, 

H. MATTISON, Splrltwood, D. T. 


pAeiFie R,URAL f RESS. 

January 13, 188^ 

That Glitters is Not Gold. ' 

Readers of this paper who may have cccation to 
patroniz: a Business College should not overlook the 
claims of the California CoUese, of 417 Kearny 
St., San Francisco. 

This College, under the able and succestful managt- 
mcnt of Mr. 0. B. Barnard, has taken a position in the 
front rank of our educatiooal instiluticns, er joys a select 
patronage, and is endorsed by prumit.cnt and te iable 
business and professional men. 

The cou' se» of study include such branchi 8 as go to 
make up a succesiful business education, without which 
the farmer, mechanic, merchant or professional man 
fi/hts the battle of life at a great disadvantasc. 

Parents who have sons to educate, and young men 
whose educa'ion has been neglected, should make a per' 
sonal inspecti n ff the practical workings of this College 
before deciding which is the fctsf place to obtain a practi- 
cal education. 

In the practical department the College bank, mer- 
chandise emporium, express olflce, etc., aftord ample fa- 
cilities for actual business practice. Goods are bought 
and sold, money (college currency), received and paid, 
anil by this natural system the student becomes familiar 
with all kinds of commercial paper, such as contracts, 
notes, orders, acceptances, check?, drafts, bills of ex- 
change, deeds, leases, policies of insurance, etc. 

Some of the prominent features of the college arc: 
superior methods of teaching, free text-books and annual 

Students who enter this College can rely upon rcce' ving 
an aburidancc of personal attention, and bv a system of 
free text-books each slndcnt saves from 81.'> to J20. The 
"Annual," whii,h is so dcidedly in favor of the student, 
n issued only iy this institution. 

While it would be difficult to find any place where the 
student would not learn acything, yet there are some 
places where the chances are better tlian others, and 
thoughtful persons who are aware that "All that glitters 
ii not gold," will seek out and patronize just such a 
model school as is the C'alilornia Commercial College 
and Telegiafhic Inbtitute of 41" Kearny St., S. F. 

Volunteer Testimonials. 

San Lris Ouisi-o, Cal., August 9, IS5O. 

Tiie undersigned Commiitee, appointed by San Luis 
Obispo Orange, P. of II., No. 2S, have uied the Squirrel 
and Gopher Poiaun prepared by A R. Booth, at the Eagle 
Drug Store, San Luis Obispo, during the growing stason, 
when theic was plenty of green things for (i|Uirrils and 
gophers to live upon, and we find that they take the 
Poison above described, at this season of the year, aid 
that the t ffoct is as destructive as could be wished; and it 
iilbe cheapest and best Rquirrel and Gopher Prison »iih 
which we are aii|Uaintcd, or ever expciiinented witii. 

Attest: E. W. SiKKLB, , 

A. T. Mason F. F. Wiiitk, - Com. 

Sec'y P. of U., No. 28. L. M. WakdI.v, ) 

PAbo SontKs, Cal , Janiuiry 15, 18S0. 
A. R. KoOTil— Bear S>r: Have tried one can of your 
Squirrel Poison, and find it very etficicious in destroying 
squirrels. Should like two cans more. — G. W. BRbWarKK. 

Our attention has been called to the remarkable cura- 
tive properties of Burnham's Abieteue. It Is not a com- 
pound, but a pure distillation from a peculiar kind of 
fir balsam. It is really one of nature's remedies. Used 
both intoniall} and externally. As a specific f jr croup 
It stan<\3 without a rival, and does awaj with the nause- 
ating effects of hive syrup and emetics. Cures colds, 
coi^hs, sore throat, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney 
troubles, etc. Used aa a liniment for bruises, bums, stiff 
Joints, sprains, poison oak, etc., it has no su|>erior. For 
circulars and testimonials of its merits address Wm. M. 
Hickman, druggist, Stockton, Cal. For sale by all 
druggists. Price. 60 eta and tl per hottla. 

3t TBbRPriiSB.— SuhscribciS, a-lvertisers anj otii - 
patrons of thi.« v>i;'cc can -..ddrcss orders, or nrake uppcii;.- 
ments with the proprietors or agents by telcpho:;'., as v e 
'M": ':OMuc e«l >viih the central svstem in Sftn Trancisco. 

Over ISO.COO Howe Scales Sold— Hawley 
Broe.' Hardware Co., General Agents, San 

A Valuable Peach. 

To Frcit Growbbs.— At the last State Fair a remark, 
ably fine [each was exhibited. Concerning it the Agri- 
cultural Lepa'tment of the /.'( coed- t'm'oii sail (Septem- 
ber 23d : 

One of the finest Clingstone Peaches we ever fcen 
was placed on exhibition at the Stale Fi^ir by the veil- 
known nursery man and orchardist of Washington, Yo.o 
county, C. W. Kctd We understand that Mr. Reed dis- 
covered the peach growing on a seedling tree in Sacra- 
mento, and ^eein'>; at onie its t<upe' ior %a'uc, secured all 
the buds from the tree with which to bud a portion of 
his seedling trees he has raised from seco this senson. 
The peach is very large, hi.ihly colored and hag ev> ry ap- 
pearance, in form and utherwiee, of beiiig a frt<j-t«»ne. 
The pulp is a rich jellow, and of very tine (irain and 
fiavcr. Mr. Ueed regards his find as worth ihou»ai:ds e.f 
dollars to him aiid a great a.^pii it ion to ihe State. If no 
name has alri-ady been given tli^ peach, we suggest as 
very spi-ropriate the nan.e '"Sa* ramentei." 

I wish to bay that the peach referred to is "The 
Edwards Cling," and is the came Mr. Reed now calls the 
"Califiirnl». ' 1 have propagated it for years, and am the 
original introducer if it. The tree Mr. Keed "discov- 
ered" was one I sold to J. A. Lowry. It is unquestion- 
ably the choicest of peaches, but Mr. Keed is entitled to 
no credit for its "discovery," as I have long dealt in it. 
I now again call attention of fruit growers to it, as I cm 
supply them with original tlo k. Dormant buds, 50 
cints each; one year old from bud, $1 each. 

0. O. GociiRicii, 
Ri^'erside Nursery, Sacramento. 

I hereby certify the statement relative to the tree I ob- 
tained of Mr. Goodrich to be correct. J. A. Lcwrt, 

1020 r Street, 

Note— Uur quotations are (or Wednesday, not Saturdsy 
Che date which the paper bears. 

Weekly Market Review. 


Sam Fkanoisoo, Wednesday, Jan. 10, 18(3 
Trade ii picking up again, and there is more disposi- 
tion to do business. Wheat has shown a decidedly firmer 
feeling and has advanced under the cover of foreign im- 
provement as noted in the following: 

LivRRrooL. Jan 9. —The spot market is strong, at 
nei3i3J. Carge>ea are improving, at 45s OJ tor just 
shipped and nearly due, and for off coast. Receipts 
of Wheat the past ihree days, 75,000 centaln, including 
23,500 American. 

The Poreitm Review. 

London. Jan. !.'.— The Mark Lane Expresg, in its re- 
view of the British Grain trade for the past week, says: 
Early sown wheat continues fairly well, though in some 
cages the color will be atfected by the long continued 
wet weather. Late sown whe.its are very unpromising 
and untaiisfactory. Sound native wheats fetch extreme 
rates; Itie damp sort is neglected. Country flour is ar- 
riving in very unsiii'itaclory condition, and is cheaper. 
While choice S'^rls are firm. Foreign breadstuflfs are very 
quiet, and bales are restricted. The stock of wheat and 
Hour is very large. The presfure of foreign flour is be- 
coming an incubus on the milling trade. Maiz^ contin- 
ued to dccliue. Birley is veiy quiet. Cargoes off coast 
are rather steadier, bui are only in slight reijuest. 
There were five fi-esh arrivals and six sales; five with- 
drawn and fi^e remain -all American. About one 
di zen <argocs arc due this week. The forward trade is 
film, vim a fair business in California and Oregon. The 
-ales of English wheat diiti ig the past week were 2S,408 
quarttrs, at40s 7d per quarter, against JU,0'-0 quarters at 
419 ItJ for the corre:jponding period a year ago. 

Frelcrbts and Chai-tera. 

The British iron bark Rutlandshire, 1,057 tons, is 
cliartered for Wheat to Cork, £2; ship Palmyra, ),:(.'.« 
tons, Liverpool direct, £1 12> 6d; British iron ship CotA-- 
eriiwuth, 1,297 tons, Cork, £2; ship Wm. G. JDaiin, 1,009 
tons, Liverpool direct, jtll'Jjtid; Havre or Antwerp, 
Jttl 153. 

Baatem Wool Marketa 

Boston, Jan. 0. — The wool market is steady, with a 
Wic demand from manulac'urers. Sales of Ohio and 
Pennsylvani t fieeees at 40c for .\, 4liA42e X.\ and above 
and X.\X. In Michigan and Wisconsni X fleeces there 
were sales at 37u(;tSc, with a fair demand. Combing and 
d lainc fleeces steady; have been in moderate demand at 
42irt4b-' lor fine delaine. No. 1 combing. Unwashei 
fleeces arc selling at for low and coarse, i4i!til: 
for fine and medium grades California wool quiet, with 
sales at 13(330c for low Fall and good Spring. Pulled 
wools hive been in fair demand at 44ti^48c tor choice 
Easteiu and Maine supers, 25(u30c for common and good. 
Forei,.!) wool (piietand notliiog oeing done. 

Nbw York, Jan. 9.— Oaliforiiia Wool, dull, at 12(S14c 
for Fall burry, and 10((|20: for clean KaP; Spring hurry, 
13(rt20c; clea:i spring, 24i'/31c; pulled, ISinflOj ¥ lb. 

Eastern Orain and Provision Markets. 

New York. Jjn. 9. -Wheat, strong, at S1.05(cfl.l2 
Flour stetdy. 

CiiiCAiio, Jan. 9 —Wheat, strong and higher, at !)7.Vc 
for January, 981 ; for Fel)ruaiy. Corn, stronger, a: 6 jjc 
CAth and January. 5to for February. Pork, strong and 
higher, at 917.2.'i for cash, $17.40 for February. Lard, 
strong and higlier, at $10 50 cash, $10.57i for February. 

The Bag Business. 

In his last message to the Legislature delivered Jan- 
uary 9tti, Governor Peikins makes the following allu- 
sion to ihe Stite Bag Factory at San (jue.itin: "The 
success of the jute mill is now assured; not only 
are its products superior to the usually imported article, 
but our farmers can congratulate themselves that the 
"sack monopoly" is effectually destroyed." 

The Chronidc states that from the best data at com- 
mand it wuuld appear that some 27,r>00,0 grain hags 
were U'led on thij cjast for the crop of 18S2, as again «. 
31,tOO,000 for 1851 and 3.'.,000,000 lor 1880 These ngures 
are armed at l>y a careful calculation of the carry over 
stock from IbSl, and the numbers imported and nianu- 
fac*.uied during the year, deducting the number now on 
hand. As is usual, vaiiitionj in values were quite 
considerable during ihe year, as at a corresponding pe- 
riod bO this sales were made for June-July de^very at 
cents, and by Apiil prices advanced to 9g cents, with 
no selieru. At tbo beginning of May it became ai>p.%rent 
that the supply would exceed the requirements, and the 
market weakened back to about i'X cents, at which hold- 
ers took al^rm and cndea\'ored by means of a combina- 
tion to advance prices to somewhat of a la^ ing rate. They 
succeeded ir forcing prices up to about 10 cents, but 
the endea^'or only met with a very partial success. 
The combination terminated in September on 
making a sule of between five and six mil- 
lions of their holdings to a prominent brokerage firm on 
terms uilhheld, but said to be in the neighboriiood of b 
cents carh. Sales of a retail character have continued 
up to dale, ranging froJQ S^c down to SI : /or imported 
C >od8, Ihe latter being i.ow the price for 8|.ot deliveries 
ror future deliveries tiu^iness has been quite brisk, and 
snles have been much larger than u-tual (or the tioie of 
the year. Some very heavy transactions have been re- 
ported at a lange of from 8 to 8i cents, principally for 
Ju'ie delivery. The maiket closed very firm, with buyers 
ai from sjc to S^c lor round lots, and Out few sellers, ow- 
ing to a ueeideu advan<<e in the Calcutta market HitI in 
Ihe last week, said to be fully tix-tenth of a cent per bag, 
and also to an impression that the shutting down of the 
Oakland Jute Works, tcgether with the large acreage 
known to be sectled, may have the effect of improving 
value!*. The OakUnd factory is said to have permanently 
shbt down and cismissed all their oi eraiivef. Their i n- 
nual production was from five to six milliims of gram 
bags, wool bags, etc. Potato gunnies are in light supply, 
and are firmly held at 17i:17ic; wool bags, 3J lbs. are 
quotable at 42J(ii 13c, an i 4 lb goods from 4.'nff4tic. Burlaps, 
lO-ini b, are held ai i;;ici7c for forward delivery, 45-iuch 
al 7i('!7t ;, and 00 iiicii at lOltSllc. Hop cloth, 45 tit., 44 
inch, has been sold ai 12it«i2^c for July next. 

BARLEY— There has been m n busiue8!>, and though 
prices are lower than a week ago, they have advanced a 
cent or more from the low mark reached tince then. 

BE\N.S— An Eastern demand has enlivened and greatly 
improved tl e rates on Baycs and Pink and Red Beans. 

CuRN Corn is weak and lower. 

DAIRY PRODUCE— The Butter supply continues large, 
and priiosare a shide lower. Pickled Roll and Firkin 
Batter have been dreq>pcd to 20@23(;. Cheese is un- 

EGGS -Eggs are about the same as a week ago, al- 
though they have been lower since then. The feeling to- 
day is good. 

FEED— Bran is cheap and plenty. Cornmeal has been 
reduced about $2 per ton. Hay is unchanged, the prices 
being as follows: Wheat, $17(!<17,50; Wild Oats, $15 50@ 

IG; Stable, $12@U; Stock, $12<»13; Alfalfa, $13.50(914 .SO 
per ton. 

FRESH MEAT— Beef and Mutton are unchanged. 
Lamb is lower, and Pork has fallen off a fraction. 

FRUIT— Ca'.ifornia Oranges are becoming more abun- 
dant and are 50c per box chea|>er. Mexican Limes have 
advanced. Bananas are cheaper to-day than they have 
been for months. 

HOPS - Hops are recovering strength and are quotable 
again at90c<<i:n V lb. 

OATS— Oats are unchanged anu the demand fair. 

ONIONS— Ihe best Onions are doing better and sell- 
ing up to $1 ¥ ctl. 

POTATOES— Arrivals are quite large but the market is 

POULTRY— All birds have advanced and our list 
shows a good range of values. 

PROVISIONS- There has been a reduction of }c on 
most pork products. 

VEGETABLES-There is no change. 

WHE.\T— Wheat is strongly held and little is doing 
yet at the advanced rates. 

WOOL — Wool is unchanged. The annual review may 
be found in another column. 

Domestio Produoe. 


Bayo. ctl 4 W (a 4 5o 

Butter i 01 fas 30 

Castor 3 50 m 00 

Pea 3 20 @3 30 

Bed 3 50 (aa 7S 

Pink 3 50 .?3 7;"i 

Large White 2 75 (43 00 

.Small White...... 3 20 «tf3 30 

Lima. 3 5U <a3 75 

Field Peas,blkeye3 00 @3 «) 
do, green. .5 tO ^6 00 

Southern 3 @ 3i 

Northern i (& 6 


CaUfomU 4 @ H 

German 6}® 7 



Cal. Fresh Rijll. lb. 24 @ 17J 

do Fancy Brands. 28 

Pickle Roll 22J;* 2i 

Firkin, new 20 ig 221 

Eastern 20 @ 25! 

New York — IS — 


Cheese, Cal.. B>... 14(3 16 

do boxed.... 15 (» 17 


Oal. Fresh, doz... 31 @ 3C 

Ducks ~ — 


Eastern, by expr*SB 

Picklod here 



Bran, ton 15 00 .a 10 00 

Com Meal 31 (;0 i^35 C? 

Hay 13 00 (417 .W 

Middlings 2i 00 @28 00 

Oil Cake Meal. 
Straw, bale. 

Jan. .lOlSeS 




Extra, City Mills.. 5 Of 185 75 
do, Co'utry MilU.4 75 (cf5 00 

do, Oregon 4 75 e*5 12i 

do, Walla Walla. 4 50 ^ 00 

Supertine 3 75«i4 00 

Beef, let qiuU'y,Ib 9 (g 

Second 7ia 

Thhrd 54(8 

Matton 5 (A 

Spring Lamb big 

Pork, uudreased.. bim 

Dressed 9 S 

Veal 7ilii» 

Milk Calves. — & 

do, choice.... 

Bariey, feed. ctl..l 17;ai 2.' 
do, Brewing..! 2i ■al 36 

Chevalier 1 25 (Si 35 

Buckwheat 2 9J ^ - 

Jorn, White. .,^.1 05 @ - 

Yellow I 45 «1 47J 

Small Round.... — @1 72i 

Oats 1 70 m 85 

Mmiug 1 85 (61 90 

Rye 1 •..5 (^1 75 

Wheal. No. 1 1 7714*1 «■ 

do, No. 2 1 VH'Sl 75 

do. No. 3 1 50 (aPl 65 

ChoiceMilling.. — @1 80 

Hides, dry 19 (» 20 

Wet salted 9J(8 11 


Beeswax, lb 23 @ 

Honey in comb. . . 12 ' 
Extracted. Ught.. 10 
do, dark . . 



Wash. Ter 

Old Hops 

NIIT«— Jobbing. 

Walnut^ Cal 10 m 

do, Chile... !i@ 
Almonda. hdshllb 8(4 
SofttheU \S(ft 

Brazil 10 @ 12 

Pecans 14 C<t 15 

Peanuts 7 @ 8 

Filberts. 14 (4 16 


Red - # — 

SilTersHn . . 60 1 00 


Early Roee IH) C«l 00 

Petaluma, cU 1 00 .al 15 

Tomalcs 1 00 @l IS 

Humboldt 1 00 $1 U'J 

" Kidney — & — 

" Peachblow., — & — 

Jersey Blue — @ — 

Cuffey Cex.e — <gl 25 

PJver, red 80 (ff 85 

Chile - ig — 

do, Oregon — C* — 

Peerless 1 00 @ — 

Salt Lake —& - 

dweet — @2 75 


Hens, doz 7 00 16 9 00 

Roosters i (0 (89 00 

Broilers 6 00 ^7 50 

Ducks, tame, doz.'.i (0(^11 SO 
do, Mallard . .2 50 tt — 

do. Teal 90 (ol OO 

do Sprig 1 iO (ftl 75 

Geese, pair 2 25 ^2 75 

WUd Gray, doz 3 00 (6:3 50 

White do 50 'ill 00 

Turkeys 14 @ 16 

do, Dressed.... 15 g 18 
Turkey Feathers, 
tail and wing, lb. 10 @ SO 

Snipe, Eng - gl 50 

do. Common,. SO @ 7." 

Quail, doz 1 12! 61 37 J 

Ca32 50 , Rabbits I 60 (fti 7o 

60 ig 75 ;Hare 2 00 (0 2 25 

- m 
30 @ 


Venison S Ig! 9 


Cal. Bacon, 

heavy. lb 143 a 15 

Medium 14^^ 15 

Light 16 (d 16i 

Lard 15 ig 17 

Cal. Smoked Beet. I31(a 14 

Shoulders tH@ 101 

Hams. Cal 15k<ft 16 

do. Eastern...'. 1S!(3 ») 

Alfalfa ma 14 

do Chile - ~ 

Canary Si (4 6 

Clover. Red 14 <g 16 

White 45 (a 60 




Italian Rye Grass.. 

Perennial 2£ ^ — 

Mllle-t. German.... 

do, Common... 
Mustard, Wliite... 



Ky Blue Grass. .... 

2d quality 16 @ 18 

Sweet V Grass... 


Red Top 


Lawn 30 (ft 40 

Mesquit 10 M 124 

Timothy 8 iS 11 

SO Crude, lb 7i@ 8 

11 Refined lU^a 12 


FALL— 1882. 

1 03 ISan Joaquin and 

1 00 ! Coast 8 @ 12 

1 00 San Joa-iuin and 

Coast Lamb, gooel 1 & 12 

■lortliem, free 15 (i< 20 

12 I Northern defective 11 (a 15 
8 Northern Lamb... IS (^ 20 

10 Free Mountain.... 11 Vt 15 


Fruits and Vegetables. 


Apples, bx - 35 (8 1 25 

iiuuauas. bnch.. 1 CO @ 2 50 
Cocoanuts. 100.. 6 00 (6e 700 

Orabapples, bsk @— 60 

Cran berries. bbl. 15 00 (WIC 00 

Graiies bi — 60 (Sf 1 00 

Limes, Mex.... S 00 (alu 00 
do, Cal, box..— 76 t^ 3 50 
Lemons, Cal. bl 2 60 (a 3 CO 
Sicily, box.... 7 00 3 8 00 

Australian @— — 

Oranges. Cal. bx 3 50 @ 4 .',0 
do, Tahiti M 35 OO @37 50 
do, Mexican. 25 i.Ovi 30 00 

do. Loreto... @ 

Pears, bsk 1 OO 1 2S 

Pineapples, doz 6 00 @ 7 00 

Plums — 40 g— 60 

Quinces, bsk.. ., w 

do, box....— 75 @ 1 25 

Prunes — 60 (g— 75 

8trswbr'8,oh3t.. 6 00 (69 7 00 
WafruiLl'n9.100. 6 00 (»10 00 

Apples, sliced, lb — 6 6! 
do. evaporated.— I J @— 12 
do. quartered.. — 4 w— 5 

Apricots — 13!®- 17 

BhickberTles.... @— 12 

Citron — 28 «t— SO 

Dates — 9 (»— 10 


Wkwkebdat m., Jan. 10, 18f3 
Figs, pressed....- 7 (»— il 

do. lexwe — 5 W — 6 

Nectarines. — 11 @— 13 

Peaches... — 8 0>— 9 

do nared — 16 ^ 20 

Pears, sliced....— 8 (§?— 9 

do whole — 6 C* — 7 

Plums — 5 (fi— 6 

Pitted - 10 m- 11! 

Prunes - 10 (*— 11 

Raisins. Cal. bx. 2 00 «« 2 25 

do. Halves @ 

do, (.Quarters.. & 

Eighths ip 

Zante ChirranU.- 8 @— 10 

Beets, ctl @ 1 00 

Cabbage, 100 lbs- 874® 1 00 

Carrots, ak (ff- 30 

Cauliflower, doz 1 00 (S 1 25 

Garlic. lb «— 4 

do, poor — 1 'S— 

Lettuce, doz....— 10 @ 

Mushrooms, lb .— 10 ©- 12! 
Okra, green. bx..— 75 @ 1 OJ 

Parsnips, lb ^— 1 

Peppers, sk — 75 @ 1 00 

(lo. Chile.... - @ 7 
Squash, Marrow „ 

fat. ton 6 CO @ 8 00 

Tuniipa. otl....- 76 a 1 00 

Ir TOU want to become a telegraph operator send 25 
cents to C. £. Jonkb & Bko.. Cincinnati, Ohio, for tl:e 
best illustrated instruction book. 

AoRNTs can now grasp a fortune. Ou fi'. worth {10 
sent free. Full particulars addreca E. 0. RiDiour & Co., 
10 Barclay St , New York. 

It Has Done Wonderful Things for Her. 

So writfs a daughter of the fffeat of Compound Oxygen 
on her mother, a lady in her (iOih y>-ar, about whose case, 
wlien submitted to us for an opinion, we wiote dis- 
couragingly. JAfter the flrst Treatment had been used up. 
t.iis report was made: "You nerhaps remember that 
when you gave her (my mother) your adtice, you said 
that you old not ihink her case as hopeful as a majority 
of your patients, BO that you cannot always te II in aiivan<%. 
It has done wonderful things for her, and I would have 
been glad if you could have witnessed them. At the 
time rhe commenced taking the Oxygen, she did not 
think she could live very long. She was feeble, very 
much depressed in spirits, a eictim of .xtreme uervoiu 
prostration, with no special sign of disease, betide. Life 
was almost a burden to her, so rark and dreary looked 
the whole world. To day she is cheerful, with more 
strength and seeming vitality than most persons of her 
age- 09. After a busy forenoon, ^he has gone a quarter 
of a mile to make call?.'' Our Treatise on Compound 
Oxygen, containing large reports of cases and lull infor- 
mation, sent free. Address Dkm. Sta.'ikkt i Piles, 1109 
and 1111 Girard St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

All orders for the Compound Oxygin Home Treatment 
directed to H. E. Mathews, 60)1 Honrgomery St , San 
Francisco, will he fliled on the same terms as if sent di- 
rectly to us in Philadelphia. 

Our Affente 

Odr FKiumg can do r mch in aid of our paper and the 
cause of practical knowledge and science, by assisting 
Agents in their labors of canvassing, by lending their in- 
fluence and encouraging favors. We intend to send none 
but worthy mer 

Q. W. McGrkw— Santa Clara county. 

M. P. Owen — Santa Cruz <»>unty. 

J. W. A Wriout— Merced, Tulare and Kem coantiea 
Jarkd C. Hoao— California. 

B. W. Crowbll— Lus Angeles and San Bernardino 

L. Walker — Sacramento, San Joaquin and Stanislaus 


Geo. -McDciwell- Alameda and Marin coQuties. 
N. H. IIapo iod— Plumas county. 
E. T. T1IU88TOM— San Francisco. 

To Printers and Publlahere. 

\Ve offer Scotch brevier type (same as used on this paper) 
for sale in any quantity from 100 llis. to 1,000 lb<; , for ao 
cents per Hi., if ordered soon. Also, wveral hundred pounds 
of nonpareil at favorable rates. The t>-pe is in goexl condi- 
tion and is of a very durable character. 

Also for sale, desirable fonts of second-hand display type 
at less than half the price of new. 


iHrORTAirr additions are t>eing continually made In 
Woodward's Gardens. The grotto walled with aquaria is 
constantly receiving accessions of new fish and other 
marine life. The number of sea lions is increased and 
there is a better chance to study their actions. The 
pavilion has new varieties of perfoimaiices The floral 
department is replete and the wild animals in good vigor. 
\ dav at Woodward's Gardens is a day well spent 


IHE iim I Ml mm co, 

Have Removed from 323 and 325 
I^arliet Street, to 



Pacific Coast Railroad, between San Luis Obispo and 
Port Uarfoid, in San Luis Obispo County, comprif'ing 
0,000 acres of land, and embracing the richest valley 
land in California, is now offered 

In subdivibions, on terms cash, or deferred payments at 
. I per cent, per annum. C. H. PHILLIPS, Trustee. 

For further information, apply to C. H. PHILLIPS Ji 
CO.. San Luis Obispo, Cal., or PACIFIC COAST LAND 
BUREAU, 22 Montgomery St., ban FranciBCO, CaL 


765 Mission Street, S. F. 


Yerba Buena herd of Jerseys and Guernseys w( n all the 
herd prizes for Issi Since the fairs the owner, HENRY' 
PIERCE, San Francisco, has adde<l three young bulls and 
seme females of "Farmer's Glory," and "Scituate" strains, 
sires of which sold in New York as high as 13,200. Good 
animals of both sexes for sale >t reasonable price*-. 


A Eerlal £tor7 of absorbing interest will be com- 
menced in the November number of 


All new euhftcribtrs fr)r 1883 w 11 receive ^^ItJt-^K tlie 
Nuveinl»er ;iiid 1)» a-inlitT nuinlieif* of thi.-; yt-ar. 
.S2 a year: 2 copir h. $3 50; 3 copies, $5; 4co|)iee, $6; Sand one 
exiiii. $1-. Fi.r Hptciinen number, coutaining tirst chapteie 
of tills intercBtiiia st( ry, scud 10 Cfitts. 

T. 8. AKIULK ft bON. Philadei: Mx, Pa. 


South of Cclton on Line of C S. Ha Iroad. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees of all kinds for sale at 
lowest market r»tes. Everything sold from thii Nuriery 
is warranted to be what it is represented. 

Contracts can be made now lor next season's planting. 


Colton, January, 1S83. 


for Snlo lyy 

D. W. McLEOD, 

Riverside, Cal. 

January 13, 1883.^ 

fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 





In 1-lb. and 5-lb. Cans. 

WAKELEE & CO.. Chemists, 

Occidental Hotel, S. P. 

Patent Channel Harrow. 



Each Section is Independent of the other. Any Sized Tooth 
Can be Used. The Frame will Last a Lifetime 

Cultivators. Weed Exterminators. 

Agricultural Implements. 

Manufactured and Sold Only at Our Works, 


JVIa^tteson & Willisimson. 


Pool's Signal Service Barometer 


Itwllldetectandiiiilii-ati' a nixTtlj- auy cliautfe iu the weatber 12 to 481ioiirs 
iu advance It will tell what kiml tif storm is approachiiiK'. and from what 
direction— iiivjilii:il»lc ttt li^altn'^. l*':iriiM'i'?* can jtlan their work 
accordin'-'- 1 > its j.n dictiniiv Sw \ cs .>(M iiiics il > <-o^l iu a siutrlc teason. 
Has an ••icciiratr thci-niuiucl.r atta. lie I. wlii.'li alui i.- is w. nth th.-iiriceof the 
conil.niatiou. I'his (.-nat W KA'I'1 1 IC l{ JM)K'A'1'01{ mendorsed byfhe 

!,\\■:rL?J;;;;;;'c^:.l?n^■\^:;:;ia>'to^^^^^^^^^^^^ BEST IN THE WORLD ! 

TI)('TlnTiii"ini-liT uml liarnuH'tcr an- putiii a nitvly libi^lir.i w;tlnutfrmjit', 
with siUtT pl;tti:-(l triiiiniuiir.-', etc., iiiakiu^'- it a iH-aiitilul as well as usetiilor- 
t lament. \\>- will send you a wamide oue, drrhr* rt tf/'rec, to your place, iu good 
cnier, on m eipt ot I , or nix for S(4. A«en(s are making from $5 to$2u 
(l;ii]y srlliu-c tlu-iii. trial irilf roiuinreynii. Order at once. It ScIIh at 
Sl< ; IIT; Just the tiling'- ti> ^cll to farnitTs, ni'-rchautH, etc. Iu\aUiable to 
r\( r ylHi(.ly. U. S. PowtaL'^i' Stanii'^^ tak'-n it' in ^'ood onler. bnt money pre- 
tern"d. AAieiits waiiird cv *'r> wlirrr. Send for Circular and terms, 
A.l l vss all orders to OSW i;4;o Tl I UO.tlKTlOK WilUK.S^ 
{L'c ,rsi .-s n},('ishmr,if i,j <},. Uindtn (At I' (yr/(/j Oswego, Cs«'e«o Co., N, Y, 
refer to the Ma> or. Postmaster, County Clerk, First and Second 
National Hanks, or any hn.siness house m Oswe^'O, N. Y. 

Writp ijimr ]'ost ftifin-, Cmniti/ and State pfaiul!/, and rtmit by inoney-order^ 
dt <}f'l on Nt-it i'»rh or rft/isffirrd. letter, at our risk. 
Tills will muki! a Bvaiitlfiil and Very Useful Present* 

T liml Poors llaroinctcr works as well as one that costs lilt.v dollars. You can rely on it 
e\ 1 r\' lime. Capt. Chas. B. Roghiw, Ship "Twilight," San Francisco, 

IJaromctcr recoivoft in good order, and must fiay that the instrument gives perfect sat- 
isijictiou iu every resfjcct. It is neatly made and wonderfully cheap at two dollars, 

Geo. B. Parsons, M. C. It. R. Otlicc, Detroit, Mich. 
PooTs Barometer has alrcailr saved me many times its cost, in foretelling the weather. 
It i^i a wonderful curinsity nnd works to perfection. F. J. Koekktson, Milwaukee.Wis. 

■\^ithout our Trado Mark, and Signature of J. A. Pool, ou back of Instru- 

KveiTinstrnment warraiifed Prrf-f and nrllnlili^. (size PV; inches Ioiik-. 
:i' I wide. If not natistied ou receivin)r the instmniout, return it at once and 
we will refund youi money. Please ytate w here yc u Raw onr advertlBeuieut. 


the best one I ever used. As 
£0on as I tried it I threw my 
old one away."— M. Madden. 


"The V-Tonlh Ilarrntv is tli- 
workup IIuTjw I ever saw. It do. 
work twice as good, besides one-luu. .11 
Caster than tlio common hitifje H-irrows. It 
liulls easier and does the wnik hjtt-r'anl 
fustcr. It is renlly the Bl'sl Ilill'roM' lu 
Hie World !"-D T. Il vi.i.. 

OS « 
O «ii 


02 03 

The Best Iron Harrow. 
The Best Wooden Harrow 


O >T] 

Q O 

"We hare tried the r-sh.iiic<i|625 to 63 1 Sixth Street, 

Tooth ll:irrow, and are well p'eased 

with it. It docs good work, pulveriz- I 49 tO I 69 BlUXOme Street, 

in ! the gronnd thoroughly."— BuFFl'.M • 

& Stockton. SAN FRANCISCO. 

' I tticdyour lUUi^ UAHKOVV 

the other day, and it beats them all. 
Vly foreman says *It is the 
Boss!'"— D. Frkkman. 

mproved Header. 

We bee leave to infoim Dealers, Ranchers and f armers that 1hn A?e"cv for the ahova well-known Headers has 
been transferreti to us, and we are now ih3 SOLS AGK V I's for IJ-OaNCA and Nn,VAP.*. as well as for Iho 
balanoeof The J I Ca?e T. M. Co 'a Celebrated. Calif jin'a Ihreshing IMecbinery. 


imp vtivi end De lers in .£gricu tural Implement 

No. 3 f Market Street, 


mamhe speeadee, 

f Pulverizer & Cart Combined. 

One lornl put out bvt!io Tmreafler wiU 
«!<> as t!in<-!i cood to tlie i>'rrscn«; crcius aa 
two ordiuarilv hx«-'- '.1 Irj liand. 

est ni 


hcapcr and Mower. Introduced ni IS^S- niitl no\> 
used by over 3.000 Inrniers: from Maui" 10 Oregon 

Icxas. Florida, Cuba. Canada and ( 11 1 [iiJinV- e\ ei-y.—ii..B.^i=^- — ' ■ 

where telling its own story 01 croiujiny ot labor. '^''^'^ ' ■ — — . ~ — 1 ^^i...*.^ -i 

eavine and better use ot manure. Handles all kinds of manure, from the coarsest to Uie rnie.^^t, ashes, lime. 
1 lUck, cottonseed, etc., wet or dry, any amount per acre, broadcast or in drills, in one-tenth the time it cen he 
done by hand. C overs every mcli oi ground with linely pulverized manure, iusurlnf; rapid Kro\i th and unifonn 
crops; Its quahty of work not approached by hand labor at ten times the cost. Will save its cost in one season 
read the testimony of best farmers m every state, saying they would sooner do without their reaper or mower! 
Illustrated catalogue free, address KEiUi* «S5 litJUFEE MFG. CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 


President. Wendell Kaston; Vice President and Oeneral Manager, Geo. W. Frink; Treasurer, Ang'.o-Cnlifoinian Bank. 
Secretary, F. a. Wilde, 22 Montgomery street, San Francisco; San Luia Oljispo Correspondents, 0. H. Phillips & Co. 


180,000 Acre* of Lnnd in lots to suit. These lands can be subdivided and are suitable for small homes. Kvery 
branch of farming can be made prosperous, from stock-raising or dairying down to fruit culture. On the c ast of San 
Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara counties there is a territory 100 miles in le'igtb. and. on nil average. 20 miles in width, un- 
surpassed in s )il, climate and varied resonrce^^, well-timbered through out. and alamdantly watered by living streams of 
pure crystal water. This s* ction is healthy in the extreme, malarial diseases being unknown. Irrigation is not resorted 
to, and failures in diversihed farming are unknown where industry, economy and intellect have been combined. 

For Snie.— The prices vary from $2 to $30 an acre. Some choice lands higher. We will sell on terms of one-fourth 
cash, and balance at the end of two, three and four years, when desired. Interest eqnivalentto per annum. 

Good Wheat Lands at from SI2 to S30 per acre, fiood Vine Lands at from 82 to S20 per acrr. Good Grazing Lands 
a*, from to .?10 an acre; 1.2011 acres fioe grazing land. 5 mih s from Han Luis Obispo. S'i.jO an acre; 84(1 acre-" fine grazing 
lard, 7 miles from Sa > Luis Otiispo. S5 au acre ; 1,000 farms at from §500 to $ 5.000. All at low prices and on easy terms. 

These lands are offered at one-thi'd the price of lands in other counties in the State, and, as regards soil, climate, 
water and timber, this section U not excelled on the Pacific Coast. 

Send for Catalogrue- 

To IT'^xrixxcx's ixxid. StoclsLixxcxi I 

You well know the virtue ot our H. H. 11 Horse Liniment. It has been used for years thrnughout the entire 
Pacilic Coast, and has bien found without an equal as a Liniment for man and beast. We have now added to 
our St of medicines "The H. H. II. Hoof and Healing Ointment." and the "II. H. H Condition Powders." No 
stoc raiser, once haviner used our medicines, will ever be without them in the houTO. for sale everywhere. 

I'rade: H. H. H.iW | TraflelH. H. H.-IM ; TrailelH. H, H. {Ml 

Hcof and Healing Ointment; HORSE LINIMENT. ! Condition Powders, 

For Brittle Hoofs, 
Fever in Feet, 

Contracted Hoofs, 
Sand Cracks, 
Quarter Cracks, 
Collar Galls, 
Harness Galls, 
Mud Fever, 
Etc., Etc. 

a. H. 

Sol -I Proprletorp. 

The most effectual liniment 
ever used for 
Callous Lumps, 
Old Sores, 
Stiff Joints, 

Windgalls Ec 

1 Sr>l9 ProprlrttTB. 

For Inward Strains, 
Hide Bjund, 
Loss of Appetite, 
Yellovsr Water 
Poll Evil, 
Colds, Eti. 

Ih. H. MOOBE & SON, 
I Sole '•'r priBtorsi. 


Or Two-Wheeled Phaeton. 

Its prints of supc-riorlty arc Easy Rilinc', Eapy Praft. Pim- 
tiliciby. Neat.ncFS, Htren(;i.h and styH of Construction, there 
b insf no niultiplidty of spring, or o.her complicdttd parts to 
get out of oid-r. 

St^^li JR fuinished with Pole a^d S^nftg, or Canooy Top; 
Ar Easy changed an a buggy pole; Six diffHiect styles. 


WORK.-^, Uuthirtoid, Napa Co., Cal.. by II. lloK'l>i-, 


117 Market street, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL- - 

All infringements promot'.y prosecuted. Eights of Koyalty 
Plates for sale. 


PAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 

[January 13, 1883 


KieflFar's Hybrid Pear, 

(Jarber's Hybria. Smith a Hybrid, Souvenir du CiieruH, 
Le olMte and other Japanese, Chinese and 
Idand Pears. Golden Mamm-ith Peach, Ch.unnon 
Qiin.e, etc. 


Twelve Hundred Ktnda MUed, 

Inclu-linK every Shade known in the Gladioli^, $10 
per 100 Bulb". 


Newest Varieties, «3 per dozen Tubers. Would also call 
?t?rnti .n "o my large stock and gre.a yanety of well- 
g^rowa evergreens. 


Santa Rosa, Cal. 



Compiiiing the Newest and Best Varieties. 

Connover's Collosal Asparagus Plants. 



30,C00 lbs. Peach Pits. 

will be sold at Low Elates la La-gd Lots. 


San Jcse, - - - California. 


Cuttings of the ab^ve varieties of Grapevines will be 
'urnisheil in lots tu suit purchasers, and delivered on Uie 
ars at Oakville, Napa Co., for Four Dollars (#4) per 
00. Apyly to 

F. A. BUCK, Oakville, Napa Co., Cal. 
AHo a licniLcd amount of Cuttings from 

Imported Rooted Vines 

From the Champa^nie Diitriet of France (Eperciey anj 
Mjreuil-8ur-.\y). The Grapes from these vines sell at the 
place of their produciim at from to 30 cents per 
and. Price of Cutting?, $20 per 1 000. 


Complete assortment of Apples, Pears, Plums, Prunes, 
Cherries, Q iiiices, et*. Sen 1 f jrfrce Price List Now is 
the time to order. Address, 




A General ABSortment of Semi-Tropicjil and Northern 

Fruit Trees. 

A fine assortment of Cannirjj Varieti -h sndthos*- nuited 
to this climate. Also Forest Trees, Hedge PI&iiU .ind 
Ornamental bhrubbery. Addrci^s, 


Paoadeas, Los Anireles Co., Cai. 

To Fruit Growers. 

rauMir 8:iila, (:)ii>lic Stiilu Asli iind Curbiill'. 


Manufacturers' Agents, 
304 Cilifjrnla Street. Saa FranclFCo. Cal. 


— FOK- 

Hansell lEx ra Early Bed) Raaoberry. Pay's 
ProUac Currant, James Vick and 
Matichester .•strawberries. 
All the best Small Fruits. New Illustrated Catalogue 
free. Address, 

C. M. SILVA &. SON, 

Newcastle, Placer Co , - Cal. 



All Kinds of Field and Garden Seeds at Reduced Prices, in Large Quantities 

Alfalfa, Red and White Clover; Auatralian, Italian and Raglish Rye Grass; Blue Grass, Lawn, 
Orchard; Mesqait, Red Top and Timothy Seed; California Forest and Evergreen Tree 
Seeds. Also Fruit and Ornamental Trees at Lowest Prices at Our 


No. 409 Bud 411 T>avis street, - - San Fran cisco. Cal. 

i» H Y iLi ilj o s: e: H. -A. 

By Planting Resistant Vines. 

I oflcr S5.1e a'l the leading varieties of Riparia, 
Rup.-stris and .£stiva:i.<, especiilly I.encir, 
Hertemont and Elvira. 

Price List and Circular Sent on .Application- 

stock guaranteed true to name and in good condition. 
Orders should be sent tarly, as (tie stock is limited. For 
rarticulars apply to 


Napa Cel. 


' "' ebrisisof NiceVrp- 

iibU-n, ItiMiutilnl 
. j' lo« ITS. -ind Bin 
' — Nial'lll d OllM.'^'r 

1* (tsff.(i.)rvi. 
^Vt.ality and purify. 

■ :ind only ttio 

We iire the (nr./. 
at fanners, teed 
-rowers .1- deal. 

■ ers jtnywhere. 

^•^ le.l'' irm.andTrct 
•;' S.MH1, frrp. f'uf.i. 

' /..■luf 'i/" Floiririt,; 
Hiill,x and ! Iimtn tor 
- • 7'«f/ir";.rr.'.1/m.<nnr.f .T<HI 
l.s..N'irtirnor South'n edition. 
H>rl*. .-//.I/ /,•!.'."■/. tAi'""i'— history. liest-r^p- 

iii.n«.ci'lltinv..t lic-st lira.ns.c;r;if3us.l'ot<it.>e,.l<»rl!». 

HIRAM SIBLEY & CO.. Seedsnr^an, 

ChieuKu, IIL and iiovheder, a\. X- 


A liniittd number of ruttinsr" for sale of th« following 
vari'-ti*'ft: Spe'HesH Sultana-*. 87 for l.OCO; Zxntce Piir- 
renTs. for 1 001; Muscat of Alexandria. S5 for 1.000: 
delivered on bn:ird cars a*. Rocklin. The Cuttings art 
warrarU'd free fr-im Phylloxera or any other dine'»«>ep. 
Will n^ake niittinc'* 30 inches Innc *f desired, s-^nie i>ricp. 
AdtJrefiH: C. P. WfSTCOTT, Rnck'in, Placer Co . Cal 


EstabllBhed In 1858. 
I gTov all kinds of hardy Fruit Trees. Everereen Trees 
and Shrubs, Shade Trees, Roses, Flowering Shrubs. 
Plants, etc. Grown wi hout irrication, clean and 
healthv. The demand is likely to exceed the supply of 
some kind.* of Fruit Trees. Prices and kind's will be 
tiven ou application. Address W. R. PRPPEB. 

Petaluraa, Sonoma County, Cal. 


M. Williams' Semi-Tropical 
General Nurseries. 


FIVK III >l»RKn TIIOI SAXn TRKKSfor i>»'e of 
Kie fidloKini! varieties: Apiile-i. IVaehci". Pearf, Prunes. 
Plums. Apricot*. Nectarine'. Cherrie". Figs. et<".. of standard 
vwpties; reea free from Scale or other noxio 's inseo's. 
A I'<o. Crane Roots snd Cutting of all leading RaisI" snd 
Win- 'stictles Seedless Hnpanas. Mitscat»lle, etc. W. M 
WILT.IAM.S. P. O. Box 17S. Fresno City. Cal. 


I'EAt II, I'M M. I'F AK. Al'IM.K, 
«il l.\» b and other trees; oOnorls 


>iV; rer HMIO. l!aB|'l>erneK.*Iack- 
l)l•rrie^, Currants, :«i nortHf^f yrai es. 

l.:.irrsl cnrh jiricrf. Srf'l / cr(uliil<,yu)i 
J. S. t«I.LI». MiM>resto»n,>. J. 

nOFC '-iiAPE vines: 

1 1^ N ^ 12 ( liuicc Uvf r-HIuuiiiiiiK 
V W kW KoKcs, or 1 2 Stront' Concord 

■■•^HnBBVlljes.liy mail, foa jmiil, tur SI 

.Sate anival and hati^far tion troaranteed 
; "~I*reiiiinnis and dir-'cti. nn for cidtiire 
Willi i verynr.ier. onirr .\nu-. ilentiou |)apcr 

llJ.tll, (li.iiiib. r-l.iirii .\iir»trl<-., tli»iiii..i>ijuii.-, 1"« 



I have invented a Self-Siippo'tlne Board Fence, needs no 
po«s. can he made in the barn on rainy days; costs 3(1 cenN 
ar"d le»»than rest and '"-ard fenc- It, !« not imtented 
tint tor 30 rents I will Bend Ii.LrsTitATKii Fenc k Tkicati.s e 
[el log how to nnVc it. a-id ONK of the following Premiums 
L v*,!i?'''""' "lie; 2.1 KeiidaH's Horse 

Book. lOOpK-e». 3, 11 u^trationj; 3.1. on- p^cka^e of Sugar 
Trough rtounl Acme Tomato, Priz- Hend Lettnct. Ver- 
liena, snd Phi' x. or all ib ■ abo.-e for (W rent.i 

Address: W.M.Di) K. BROWN. Box 75. OxForrl Ohio. 

'J. axis xT^-^rr 

llaaa Ta^l iliffertDg from al 1 othen, 
1* eapstispe. with Self-A.ljuaiiog 
Ballln ci;i'U7,adiipt<itselftoatl 

ff^ittoD« of tbfl body, while tti9 
lBt«£Un0sjiist as apartoo would 
wlib (bo Finger. With lltht 
Saytnd night. »ni a radical cura c<;rt:k'.n. xtu e^uy, diuabM 
sad cheap. Scot by mail. Circuian free, 



No. 287 St. John St., - SAN JOSE, CAL 

(Patented September 14, ISSO ) 

Carriasre making. > lacksmithin^ and horse shoeinp, re 
pairi' if and new work i rnmptly and cheaply <?tecut d, 
Manufacturer and Exclusive Owner in Santa Clara Co., 
of PUTNAM'S P^TKNT CAKT. For cheapness, conven- 
ience and durahility. this vehicle cannot be surpassed, 
The imiTovt-ments u|x^n the accompanying cut admit ac- 
i^f*B to the seal from th^ rear. t^Hole ageut (or Santa 
C!a-a Co., fur J. A Bilz'a Gig. 


STH1CI1.Y rOJtT.lliI.JE. 


Gilt Edee Cards, clesrantly printed, 10 cents. A' AN 
BUSSUM:& CO., SSNaasau^St.. Ne^^ York, N. Y.^ 

100 Sold 

Supplies a lon^ felt want- 
Ninety Days. 

Every owner of a Far »n Kn^'iiio Incited in moderately 
tlmbererl euuiitry ran tiini pruHi.iliit' employment the 
year round by pureha^intr one c»f thc'K' Mills. 

Every ow ner of a timbered lot is interested in hnving' 
one of these Mills in his neighborhood. No more hikuT- 
ina lops to mill. All the wa^te saved. 

\Vi jie t'<tr Circulars and i*riee Lists, and arMrews of 
nearest Afs-ent. [Nauie I'lii* I'aptr.j 

RUSSELL & CO., MassiUon, 0. 

Ai^ents for the Pacific Coast. 



The ^laiidiiril »r AiiierlcH. 

Ad?nitte<l hy leading Seedttiuen 
aiid iMarket < lardener?* cverywhero 
to b ^ the most peifect and rc- 
i'able Drill in use. S«ud for circu- 
lar. .Mitiiifacluiei oub by 

EVERETT & SMALL, Boston, Mass. 

Hiwhy Ilroa, Hardware Co. Sad Prancisjo, Cal.. and 
Knapp, Burrett & Co., Forlland, uregou. Ageuti for Tacific 




•'Farmers' Headquarters." 

Rate*, SI. 25 lo 93.00. 

Free Coach from hll Railioad and Steambcat Stations 

A. &J. H.'^HN, Proprietors. 

Queen THE South 


Twr .Stiick Feed or Meal for 
I'litiiily use. lasr ttse. 

W rite for Patnfhlet. 

Simpson k Qault U'fg Co. 

Successors to Stbadb Mill Co. 



I,. U. SniPPKK 37 Presid-nt 

FKtD. M. WEST Cashier 

Authorized Capital S.tCO fiOC 

CAflTAL, I'AID IP $5U0,600 

Receives Depo.xita repayable ON TIME and ON DE 
MAXD. Pays interest at the rate of 5 per cent, iior a.mum 
after 30 days from date of deiiosits. liuy.s and sells (United 
Stales I Currency, Domestic and Foreign Exchangee and 
tiansacta a General Banking BuUness. 


Nevada City. California, 

FELIX GILLET, Proprietor. 

specialties-Nuts or aii Kind*(nraiiiat% 

Chestnuts, Almonds and Filberts). 


Or Early- Bearing Walnu t. 
' Introduced into California from Europe in th'^ Spiing 
of 1871, by Felix Oillet, Nevaila City, Cal. 

T he most precocious of all eoff-sht 11 varietieB of Walnut b. 
beariug fiometimes at three years from the planting of the 
DUt. A. late bloumer; a regular and prolific liea'er, Firtit 
bearing trees la California a* Felix Gillel'a Nurferi'S, 
eitihtb crop. 1882. The haidinefa and late blorsi ndnt; of the 
I*rrepart uritnti rend* r it pttBeible lo cultivate the Walnut in 
localities where it has been heretof ore de*-me<l impracticable, 
while iiH prucocioa-.tjesfi strongly recommends itto all th('»e 
who are impatient of the time required to bring the com- 
mon sorts iuto beanng. 

One. two, three and four-year old trees of that valuable 
variety for sale, all 

California-Qrown Trees! 

From six iuch*a to eiaht feet. One year old Trees, heavily 
rorited . sent by mail to any part of tho United Htates. /rtf 
o/ ch/irufti, packed in damp hobs aud oiler", paper, at the fol- 
li'wing prices: 75 ceuts to $1 per tr*:e for less than half a 
dozen; $8 to $10 per dozen, according to siztrs. 

Also, Serotlna or Lato Walnut— Oant or 
Jeweler's Wslnut— Chaberte Wal- 
nut-Siayette Walout— 
Black Walnut 


GRAFTK.D CHE.SINDT8-- (Marron Ai Lvon and Mar- 
ron Con bal. ). 

Italian and American Chestnuts! 

Paper-Shell Almond-.Spa>ii8h and Italian Filberts— Peats, 
Cherries, Ptach*s. Plums. Raspberries, Goose- 
berries. Cu Tanis, Etc., IStc. 
French. Knglish acd Dutch Strawberries (maguiflcent n 
rietlesl. Forty varieties of (irspes. 

A Novelty in the Vegetable Line: 

"Invit'cible Piu." per iinart, si; per pint. Co cents; per 
packet of li.e ounc •». 2o ceuts, iucliidi g postage 

MOKUS N\Nt;ASAKI or Ja PONICA -Large leaf 
Mulberry of Japan, for .Silkworm laisinii. Grows splendidly 
from cuttiuk'^ Trees and cutting's for sale 


Italian and Fre-ch Arnuals (from FELIX (ilLLKT'S 
COCUON'KKY. Xivada Cityl. at jfo andjft; per ouLce, mailed 
fre<» of eharges. 

iWNew Illustrated "Dbsckiitive CATALOcifK ami 
Puk e List" mailed /rre to all applicants. 


Nevada City, Cal. 

, 7883.. 

be iitaiU'd ru: i: to all applicants, aud to cus- 
tomers of la^t year without orderiuff it. Itcontalns 
about 17.5i>aircs, GWi illuHtrations, price*", accurate 
desiTiptioiirt and valuable directious for planting- 
I.Vmj \arietiefl of Vwetablo au(l Flower Seeds, 
Plnntfl. rruit Trees, etc. Xuvaluablo to all, eapec 
ially to Market Gardeners. Send for it I 

D. M.FERRY & CO. Detroit Mich. 


Bast San Jose, Cal. 

For sale, a lar2e and );eneral assortment of healthy 
well grown fruit Trees, comprisiiie Apple, Pear, Peach, 
Pluui. Prune, Apricot, Cherry, etc., of all the leading 
varieties now mostly in deroaiitl. Address, 

JAMES HAN NAY, San Jose. Csl 

Apple, Pear, Plum and Cherry Seedlings 


At Low Rates for IVos. 2 and 3. 

Also P ar, Plum and Cherrv Grafts piit;up to order on 
"hort notice and in the' beet manner. Prices on applies- 
ion to, 


Danaville. Llo County, - - New York. 


Special Offer of 

Blue and Red Oum«. Also Monterey Pines and Cyp ss 
1, 1 and 8 years old, in large lots at low rates. Prices 
on application. Address 

S. OILL, XVurseryman, 

28th St , near San Pablo Ave.. Ooklacd, Cal 


I offer the trade this season a larec and general assort- 
ment of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, and Small Fruits. 
Hy Trees are healthy, stalky aud well grown. Address, 
S. NEWUALL, San Joe«, Cal. 

January 13, 1883,' 

pAe^Fle r.ural press. 


Seeds. Plants, Etc. 


Importers, growers of, wholesale and retail dealevs_in 

Field, Crass, Flower and Tree Seeds, 



We call the attenHon of farmers and country merchants 
to our uiiusually low prices. lS"Trade price 
list on application. 

We Issue the most compltte guHe to the Veeetable and 
Flower Garden ever issued uoon this coast. It is hand- 
somely illustrated, and contains full descrintions of Vege- 
tBbles, Flowers, Grasses, Trees, ttc, with full instruc- 
tions as to their culture; mailed free on application. 


607 Saneome Street, S. F. 




San Jose, Cal. 

Japanese Nest-Egg 
Gourd, the most beamiiui 
and useful gourd ever seen, 
exielly the siz% color and 
shape of hen ' eggs; llnncij 
Dp.u) Grcca Cilron Melon, 
the sweetest and best- 
flivored Muskmeicm in cul- 
tivation; Cuban Queen HO- 
pound Water melon, the 
largest, finest., sweetest and 
most luscious Watermelon 
in the world; Gojdeii 
Dav'n A/r/Ht/n, entirely new, 
; the most bnauliful pepper 
\ ever seen; lartre, bri;;ht 
golden color and thick- 
meated. AddressSAMUfeL 

WILSON, Seed Grower, 

Mechaniciville, Bucks County, Pennsjivania. 


I have made the ruisiDg of Btet Reed a specialty fo' sev- 
eral year^ and have now on band a ch' ice lot nf Mmir/rl 
Wnrlzel .'ierd (both the Lomj hrd and YiUom (ilohc varie- 
ties), wiiioti I uffcrfor sale at the «ollowiug rates; 

By mail (iiostage paid) 50 ct>. P r «>- 

By express (un'icr 10 IbO 3> eU. per Hi. 

By express (10 llis. or more) 25 cts. per Iti. 

My Seed is warranted Frtali. Pvrr and True to Nomi; 
grown ou selected, triiisplanted and niybly cultivated roots. 
Some are afr id of Ca iforn a seed and order from the Ea-tt 
at a cost of ?5 cents a pound, I am aware that much bad 
seed I'a? Vieen idaced upon the market in this State, lo the 
detriin nt of bi.tli c naumora and ijroducers. But I invite a 
comi aria n of my sf-ed with tha" grown either in the East- 
ern Slates or in Germany. Califon ia can produce the 
fineat set d in the world. Send tor niy Circidar. teliii g how- 
to plant and tend Mancels with best success sent free. 1 
send /nil printed dircetimis with every order, telling irhen. 
and n-herc, and hnn; and how mnch seed to plant. 

Every man I has keeps cows or hogi Fh'udd raiae beet=; 
they wdl produce more retmns in mdk and fat than ai y 
other crop. Sums i.f or less m ly be sent in stamps ot my 
risk; larger amounts by money order or express. Address, 
Prof W. O DAMON, Nat; a, Cal. 

J ^ 

2 Fruit and Z-o^ergreezx Trees, Plants, Zto. 

^ In Larg'e Quantities and Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers, q 
Q Hedge Shears, Fmning ani Budding EnlTes. Qreen Hoase Syringes, Etc. CO 
Seed Warehouse, 317 Washington St.. San Franoisoo. 


Of the Leading 



PEACHES.— Orange, Lemon, Crawford, September and Chinese Cling, Susquehana, Early and Late Craw- 
ford, Salway, Smock's Free, etc. 

APRICOTS.— Royal, Moorpark, etc. 
NECTARINES.-Hardwicke, New White, etc. 
PEARS.— Bartlett, Winter Nelis, Seckel, B. Clair(;ean, etc. 
PLUMS* — Yellow Egg, Washington, Jefferson, etc. 
PRUNES.— PcWte, German, HungdHaji, etc. Also, 


—Of all the— 

St a-ixdarcaL Varieties of l?'n;iits- 

A Large Assortment of Ga den. Fleli a:d Tree Seeds, etc. 

R. J. TRUMBULL & CO., Seedsmen, 

419 & 421 Sansome Street, San Francisco. 

On account of hiving to move from leased ground the 
coming wmter, we cfler a large and fine lot of the follow 
ing varieties of evergreens at greatly reduced rates: 

Austrian Pine 2to3 feot. 

Laurestims 2 to 3 " 

Lawsi-n Cypress 2 to 4 " 

Myrtle, Common li " 

Kepluolepsis orata ] j 

Mai;nolia Grandiflora 3 to 6 " 

Golden Arborvitie 3 " 

Monterey Pine 3 to 4 " 

Monterey Cypress 2 to 3 " 

Balsam Kir 2 " 

Blue Gums (trausplanted) 6 *' 

California Palm 2 to 3 " 

California Palm 3 to 4 " 


The usual large and well asiorted stock of 

Miscellaneous Fruit Treee, Small Fruits, 
Ornamental Shade Trees, Evergreens, 
Roses, Bulbs, Greenhouse Plants, 
Etc , etc. 


San Jaee, Cal. 
616 Battery Street, San Francisco. 


W. R. STRONG & CO . 


Every Description of Fifid, Garden, Flower and other Seed?, Flowering Bidhs. etc, can be obtainedat our e-'-tab- 
lifihment. Fresh, Pure) and Genuine, all the lowest rates Ca >fornia Alfal'a, Kastern Clovers an^l Grab's Seeds a 
Specialty. Seed and 'free Catalogues seut by mail free ou applicati 'n. Also Who ksale Ki iiit and Gineral Produce Deal- 
ers. Special attention will be given and prompt returns rendered for consigi inei tn pHced with us. Orders f r 
Merchandise of evary description prompt'y and ca efuUy tilled at lowest rates. Our constaLtly increasing line of customers 
attests to the fa rness ol our prices and quality of o r goods. 

STos. 106 to 110 J Street, Sacramento, Cal. 

By Mail or Express. 

$5 per 1,000. 
PEAE, $10 per 1,000, Mall or Expre 8 F' ee. 

Catalogues of numerous other Trees, or Seeds of Fruit 
and Ornamentals, free. 


Germaatown (Philadelphia), Penn. 


From Cuttingi Importei f. om Smyrna 
Fur Sale by w. B, WEST, Stockton. Cat. 


Free from Disease. Apply to 
HOWE & H.\L.t., 408 and 410 Davig Street 


Sacrameato, Oal. Penryn^ Placer Co., Cal. 

W. R. STRONG & CO., Proprietors, 

Sucessors to WILLIAMSON & CO. 

A very larue and fine stock of Fruit. Shade and Ornamental Trees, Shrubbery, Vines. Plants, etc. All healthy and | 
free from scile bug. Our selection embraces all the leadluj; and many new and chjioa varieties of Fruic. Price 
catalogue ou application. Address, 

W. R. STRONG & CO'» - ... - Sacramento. Cal. 


Importer, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 


Alfalfa, Red and White Clover, 

Australian Rye Grass, Timothy and Orchard Grass, Ker.tucky Blue Grass, llungari 'u Millet Gras*. 

Red Top, etc. ^ 

Also a large and choice collection of FRUIT and ORNAMEN TAL TREES. 

Budding and Pruning Knives, Greenhouse Syringen. Hedge and Pole Shears. 

THO>^. MKHKHIN. .".lO Battery St.. Hnn Franc'sro. 



37" o X* JS £t 1 o , 


[Thrifty, Well-grown Fruit, Shade and 
Ornamental irees. 


Palms, Bamboos, Shrubs, Roses, etc. Small Fruila, in- 
eluding a large variety of Grapevines, for table, for wins 
I and for raisins. 


Of newest and best varieties for market and for profit 

Descriptive Catalogues will be sent as follows: 

No. 1. Fruits, Grapevines, Berries, etc Sets. 

No. 2. Ornamental Trees, Shrubi, Roses, etc 3 cts. 


San Jote, - - . California 


100,000 Fruit Trees 


For sale at Low Prices, consisting of the finest market 
varieties of 




I These Trees are all grov/n without irrigation, from 
natural seed imported fro.n Tennessee, and 
are much more hardy and vigorous 
than Tiocs grown from the seed 
of cultivated varieties. 

Send for Catalogues and Prices to 

C. W. REED & CO., 

Sacramento, Cal. 




Timothy, Clover, Flax. Hungarian, Millet, Red Top 
Eluo Crisa, Lawn Brass, Or;harcl Orasc, Bird Scois, *c. 

WAREHOUSES: r\((;^^ lirz i/:„,:„ c* 

„ V • t;. Ottice, llo Kinzie bt., 

irs, ri7 & 119 Kinzic St. ' 

ro4, 106, 108 & 1 10 Michigan St. CHICA30. ILL 

Seeds, /Seeds, Seeds, 

A Descriptive Price List of Vegetable. Flower, Field and Tree Seeds, Free to All who Apply. 

THOMAS A^. COX ife CO., 


FOE SAt.E.— A first-class, thrifty, healthy stocif of 
Temperate Climate and Semi- Tropic l*ruit Treed. Apricot. 
Ptach, Pear, etc.. <»ne year old. Orange and Lemon one to 
four years from bud. Also .Seedliug Orang e Trees. 

Semi-Tropic Tree Cuiture a Specialty. 

Price List Mailed Free. O W. CHILDS, Proprietor. 
Address, THOS. A. GARRY. Afyent, 

P. O. Box 452, Los Angeles, Cal. 


Tlic uTuierfligned rffera for sale a fine assortment of 
Apples, Ptara, Cherries, Peaches, Plums. Prunes, 
Apricols. Grapts, Siuall Fruiis, Shade Trej 8, EvergreeoB, 
U 'tc?^, islirubbcry and Greenhouse Plants, etc. 

nUKSKkY corner of Twelfth Sireet and Berryewa 
I Road, an'i on Milpitas Road, adjoining John Rock's 

L. P. SANDERSON, San Jose, Cal. 


I _ 

Lm, u»«i ai»i 


BhiMM Ollna. Bwm. Lm, Lmm Ollu, I 

|IBUTAElNkH-.Ur« K«l. jw.U w«« *mtj. W BAI 
■■ ('>.-.-n. W.UM. |laUa„N^ HaMtK 

(7l.•>u.a^ W.UM. BatMna^ MMi^ lloban, ¥^mm, Cmml^ 
r-vmiv. Caultx P*«td-. AjA, U>[^ Bm Bite. T«llp ir^ BmkAw, Ht«M)<a,fcw 

imm. 8b«w Cm. Than%, tmd ■! ■ mt 


No. 409]Sansome Street, 


Nana Valley Nm series. 

Rooted Vines, Riparia and other stock. Uuirngatedg und 
healthy. For particulars and prices, address, LEONnBD 
COATES, Napa Clty.lCaL 


f AeiFie I^URAL f RESS. 

rianuary 13, 1883 

Manufacturers' Agents for 

Grlidden's Patent Steel Barb Fencing. 

More in Use than of all Others Combined! Lighter than any Other Made from Same Size Wires! 


The Best is the Cheapest, and the Glidden is Guaranteed without an Tquat. 

Tliick-s(t Barbs are only 2} iiiclKS 
apart, givintt 85 Barb9, or ICS PrjUcting 
Points, \>er rod. 

Tlie Uirhs being separate and not 
burchcd up, as in all four-point wires, 


THICK SET lias f) lo hO more Bnrhs 
per roil than other wires - coneeqiiently 
it is 20 to 50 I'er cent, nnore itficlive 
Notwithstanding it lias more Barbs, it 
has less wire in the Barb?, because the 


Barb is coiled around only one wire 
hence it Wei(;ha t^(i and Costs 
Legs per Rod. 

Every 2i inches is protected by a Bjrb, 
instead of 8 to 12 inches, as on Barb 
Wires of other manufacturers. 

By actual test on one of Riehl's Wire- 
Testing Machines 'he QMODBN stood a 
strain of 33 per cent, greater than any 
one of Kight different stjies of Barb 
Wire experimented upon. 

This style of riirb Fencinir is too well known to rr<) lire an I x'ensl>e nnti -e. Whe e sr Birh Wire if kno*n, the Oi.iDniN i% thj fa-niiiir w irl. It hai always h^ld tho position of being the best. -Best as to style of Birb! Bes 
as to roatciial i niployed in the mnnufacturi'I Heat as to m inner of w > km oshipl I •. his ui ire Birh< per r.i I ihan has thit of a'ly other minufiCarn Th3 Galvaxiziso usiil in the Ulidden is ev ry where acknowledged the Rkst in tne 
■iiatkp'. Th" natcn. prix^c b eioi I nid is owned and u-o l exclusive, hv t le m inuf iHurers >( this wire. Iiutei't I'f Bi and Wk <kr.n'INO the » ires, as the acid prjcetse) do, as n'td by most other nunuf.i<'turcri<. i' Inchkasrs iim 
SrsKxaTii 1 If [)■ r reii'. cr t \er CoO piu'i l.-< tT<"kin.' mrain. lb ! <lonMn ' f ir Tw. -Poin'td Birhed Wire, as shown in above cut, is 90 per cent, g eater thin for any other kind, and ihe two-pointed b .rbs biiog i)ei fact ly efficient, »e 
recommend ic ae the rl.iL*', ewt t" u c. We alf^o Kc p iti Hioi;k, f'<r tlii ae wli'» mi^bt preft r a foiir-pj.ntcJ b irb. the 


we mpiitifc e»i ahnve, the two-pointed harba are perfectly efficient, bn* there beins: a comp^ritively 
srall f|ftm*i'fl fM' ha-h*. W 5 keep it id 8tock. As a four-pcint< d i>artted wife, the O I Iden ie 
-ti( eri IT t > aii\ o hi r nj\iinfa';lu ed, owrto ninif many of the iraieral ohj^ciims it other (our-point'si 
Kirhfd ^l:nci^ jr. On the Ohdden four Puint Kence, the Barh heinif attic'ied to one only of the niaii 
wir.-s. ilors ivi tnveto|> tbo oih r a id tnut-h 1 fs wire is utic t ia th^ construction of the har^; theref >r> 
a Ij«»h p«r Rod than nny other Four Point Made. 

r.i''h Ferc-n/ h i« boconie a s'aple and lea.iiitj; artic o of racrch n i*»e Ever fa'nier ancl Btf^c]i 
raiser w in use'* it is intercted in aecurins the m<m' 'fJe tivea-id 'elial*^ b anos in the nark*.t, for in 
th 8 Mie inie ecoiioroy ton-i-^ti*. The mr.nufi turery oi the GL11>L»E>I h v© ever aimed to make their* 
sri'HKioR TO ALL oTiiKR". In thi-j ih''v havf hF-eii entfp'v ttiice-t liii. Tt ey »rei n^w as lul'y del mined t( 
keep it. up TO th't man lard of the BKST ISAIIB WIKIC IV THK ORL.U. We are p>en<ired u 
furnieh ihe van ht>U8 above tiiutntT.bit;d, either Japannrd or GAu\ANt7.KU, at iow-St pries, ana 
wi I deliver from 

Schuttler Farm Wagon, 


Made Especially for the Pacific Coast 
and Wurranti'd 



Than any Cther Weg.n. 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Schuttler Spring Wagons, 

Specially adapted for u-c in CaMfornii, beinfr superior to anythine else 
mannf.Hi turcd here or brought to the Coast. STRONG, DURABLE, 
HtCHLY FIMISHED and especially adapted for use in mountain lo.;alitie8. 

T T 

Judson Manufacturing Company's 


The First and Only Mower Made on this Coast. 

Silver Medal Awarded at the Mechanics' Fair. San Francisco. 1882. 


The following are a Few of th% Testimonials Received from those who have Uted the VICTOR MOWER the Past Season: 
BoosviLLE, Mendocino Cj., Aug. 3, 1882. 

JUDSON MF'G CO., San Francisco. 


I am very well pleased with the Victor Mower 
parchased of you: Ist, Because there is no side 
draft, the horses pulling direct from the cutting 
apparatus. 21, Bicause the pitman is shielded from 
any obstruction, and not liable to be broken. 31, 
Because you can stop and start without backing, 
and turn without increase of speed. 4th, The 
wheels carrying the cuttiipji bir remove much of 
the friction. 5th, The floating apparatus lets it 
run over very rdugh ground with ea^e and without 
breakage, (whicti in no Fmall It. in in parts remote 
from thi; cit>). Alsf, the bxxtf are brttT than I 
ever eaw heor. ; in fact, the wh .le machine, for 
siinpliiitv. t^t'i-iiKth. 'iurability and light runiiing, 
M.iwer of 'he .lay. Yours re- 
A. 0. nUDUOCK. 

maiie it the best 

BooNviLi.E, Mendocino Co., Aug 27, 1882. 

I can truthfully testify to the excellent quali- 
ties of your Victor Mower. I purchased one laat 
May, and have cut 120 acres over very roagb 
ground. It is the lightest draft Mower I ever ran. 
Wishing you success, I am your obedient servant, 

Hkald.siiuk(3, Ane. '.'8 1SS2 
\\ p. f he nnderfigned, havins used tie Victor Mower ma.le by the JudM>n Mann 
lacturirg C . oi San Frat cnc«, can testify to its in^ eiior qu .lilit-s. . nd n.-n c'entiouely recom- 
mend It ti. the farmrr as an excellent mschinr, and tie sr'ai.teil u-. • ii tiiis coast of anj 
mower that has tver come under our observation. H. M. WILSON, 

Hrcsiiient. Bink of Hfaldtburg. 
WM. MATHORN, Healdsburg. 
A. II. BARI U, Windsor. 

Centervii.le, Alameda Co., Aug. 30, 1882. 
JUDSON MF'G CO., San Francisco. 

I have OBed one of yoar Victor Mowers during 
the past season, and consider it the best machine 
ever made. It is by one-third the lightest draft 
michine I ever used, and I have run mowing ma- 
chines for the past 20 years. There is no side draft 
whatever, and it is a very easy machineto operate. 
My boy, who is only 10 years old, cut over 60 acres 
during this senson, of Burr clover, wheat and wild 
oati, mixed, that cut over four tuns to the sere. 
Success to the Victor. JOSEPH ROSE. 

West Point, Calaveras Co., Aug. 4. 1882. 
JUDSON MF'G CO. : — The Victor Mower I purchased of you has given perfect satisfaotii n, 
both lu heavy alfalfa and f«x tai'; as I had the machine on trial, you may be snre that I gave 
it a good test. It is th^''light°8t running; and best adapted for all purposes of any machine I ever 
taw. One of my neighbors, Mr. Ham, has a Victor, and he thinks there is no machine like it. 



a minute lor repaint. 

W. T., Aug. 10, 1882. 
-One of the Victor Mowers sold by us r-nt 170 itcre^ and never stopped 



Factories at Oakland. 

Office, 402 Front Street, SAN FRANCISCO. 


Pasture Grasses. 

We propose to reproduce from time to time 
a valuable study of the pasture grasses of the 
United States by the botanist of the Department 
of Agriculture at Washington. In connection 
with the engraving of the grass will be given 
notes of the characteristics of the grass, the 
condition of soil in which it grows best, etc. 
This will help our dairy and stock readers in 
selecting promising varieties for experiment. 
We need much better pasturage on this coast 
than the indigenous forage plants furnish, for 
they, though exceedingly rich and valuable, en- 
dure but for a short season and then mature 
seed and disappear. We need plants of peren- 
nial growth, "root grasses," as they are some- 
times called, mstead of "seed grasses," which 
is the term applied to our annuals. It is an 
experiment, of course, to introduce any forage 
plant, and there will be numy failures to one 
success, and yet the progressive farmer will con- 
tinue judicious expenditure in such experiments, 
for the discovery of one plant well adapted to 
his needs will reward him a hundred fold for Ids 
investments in trials. 

We give this week an engraving of a grass 
which many who recall Eastern pasture growths 
will remember. It is "red to]}" {A;/ ro!<l is vicl- 
f/arin), a perennial grass, growing about two feet 
high from creeping root-stocks, which interlace 
so as to make a very firm sod. The culms are 
frequently somewhat decumbent near the base, 
then upriglit, smooth and round, rather slender, 
and clothed with four or five leaves, which are 
flat, narrow, and roughish, from three to six 
inches long, with smooth sheaths and generally 
truncate ligules. The panicle is ratlier oblong 
in outline, four to six inches long, open, com- 
posed of 8 or 10 joints or wliorls, the lower 
branches mostly in fives, slender, unequal, the 
longer ones subdividing at or above the middle. 
The spikelets are single -fiowered, about a line 
long, varying from greenish to purple. The 
outer glumes are lanceolate and pointed, nearly 
equal in size, smooth except on the keel which 
is more or less roughened. The tlo-w ering glume 
is but little shorter than the outer ones, very 
thin and delicate, and sometimes with a minute 
awn on the keel. The proper palet is very 
small, only about half the length of the flower- 
ing glume, and inclosing the stamens and styles. 

There are several varieties of this species, but 
there is little practical difference between them. 
Mr. Gould says: 

This is a favorite grass ui wet. swampy mead- 
ows, wlierc its interlacing, thick roots consoli- 
date the sward, makfng a firm nuitting which 
)irevents the feet of cattle from poaching. It is 
generally considered a valuable grass in this 
country, though by no means the best one. Cat- 
tle cat hay made from it with a relish, especially 
when mixed with otlier grasses. As a pasture 
grass it is much \-alued by dairymen, and in 
their opinion the butter would suffer much by 
its removal. 

Mr. Si Howard says there is a smaller variety 
of this grass, which is found scattered over 
Massachusetts and Khode Island, but is chiefly 
found in the county of Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts. It seldom grows more than one foot high, 
and may be recognized by its narrower leaf and 
darker color. It yields a less bulk of hay, but 
is heavier in proportion to its bulk. Another of 
the varieties is called Aijroftis stolonifcra, from 
its long, trailing stolons. This variety was at 
one tinjc greatly in favor in the bog-lands of 
Ireland, wlulc in England another variety is 

considered best adapted to dry sandy lands, and 
is chiefly commended for its ability to withstand 
severe drouths. 

Kentish-Cob Filiseets. — Mr. Leonard Coates, 
of Napa Valley Nurseries, has just received 

The North Pacific railroad company has 
lately been engaged in cutting a liorse trail from 
the railroad to the immense glaciers on the side 
of Mount Ranier, a distance of about 20 miles, 
and tlie work is reported to be quite two-thirds 
done. This trail will be open to tourists next 

[Number 3 

Laws on Irrigation, 

The irrigation (question bids fair to be thor 
oughly discussed at the present session of the 
Legislature. Gov. Stoneman alludes to tlie sub 
ject in his message as follows: 

In a large portion of the State agricultural 
interests are being developed l)y the aid of irri- 
gation. The history of all countries dependent 
upon irrigati<Jii shows tliat tlii.s practice has ne- 
cessitated the enactment of laws specially de- 
signed for the protection and regulation of irri- 
gation, the maintenance of order, etiuity and 
economy in the appropriation and use of waters, 
and tliat the subject has been the most difficult 
to deal with in legislation. Our own experi- 
ence, limited thougli it be, is sufficient to estab- 
lish tliis fact, as our courts are crowded with 
litigation growing out of irrigation practices 
which constitute a serious drawback to our pros- 
jieiity. I mention this subject, perhaps to the 
exclusion of others c(|ually deserving of atten- 
tion, Ijecause the defects of the present system 
have fallen directly under my own observation, 
and I invite your earnest consideration of it, 
believing tliat careful action is necessary to es- 
tablish confidence for the present and to guard 
against embarrassing complications in the fu- 

Sex eral Ijills have been already introduced in 
the Legislature all, based upon the last clauses 
of the Governor's remarks, that sonjething dif- 
ferent from the existing state of affairs is retiui- 
site. Mr. Wharton, of Fresno county, has in- 
troduced two bills to meet the wants of the 
farmers, and he is hopeful of securing their final 
passage, though he expects strong opposition. 
One of his bills provides for the appi'opriation 
of the lakes, streams and rivers of the State, 
oLher than na\'igable waters, for tlie purposes of 
irrigation and mining and other industrial pur- 
suits. His second bill provides for the organ- 
ization, govei-iiment and control by the State of 
the irrigation districts. He is prepared to meet 
any opposition that may be urged to defeat said 
measures. Each of the interested districts is to 
be required to pay its pro rata of the expense 
which the system will incur, the land being as- 
sessed for that purpose. Of course, the meas- 
ures above mentioned will not, if passed, affect 
any portion of the State where no irrigation is 

In conversation w ith a reporter, Mr. Wliar- 
ton enlai'ges upon the scope (jf his bills, as fol- 
lows : 

"The riparian ownership is in direct conflict 
with][all irrigating schemes, and the contest be- 
tween lower owners on streams and the 
irrigators is uninterrupted. I deem it essen- 
tially necessary that wo ha\ e sjieedy relief on 
this question, and I trust that the Legislature 
will give it to us. I consider it of absolute ne- 
cessity to the settlement of the irrigation prob- 
lem, and that the State assume full control of 
its waters for the purposes of irrigation and 
mining. It is to be anticipated that the irri- 
gators will vigorously oppose the measure, for 
the reason that many have obtained an im- 
mense monopoly of water. My bill contem 
plates the payment of all existing rights to the 
irrigators, but it will terminate their control 
and claim to the waters thus acquired by the 

There will l)e more propositions of legislation 
to bo considered, as those who lead in thoughts 
on these .subjects are known to hold somewhat 
diverse views. 'i'he issue promises to be an 
interesting one. 

On Friday, .lanuary I'ith, the silver spike 
was driven on the Mexican Pacific railway ex- 
tension, connecting it with the Southern Pacific 
and'giving'a direct line from \San tranciscoto 
New Orleans. 

H.H H. 


from England a lot of plants of the true "Kent- 
ish-cob filberts." The plants arrived in perfect 
condition. They are two-year layers from the 
bearing bushes. They do not come true from 
seed. The Kentish cob is a <liHtinct variety 
from what is known as English cob, and is rap- 
idly taking the place of all other kinds in the 
nut growing districts of Kent. It bears early 
and needs but little pruning. Mr. Coates was 
in England last summer and spent some tiiiie in 
looking into nut growing, etc. 

summer, with accommodations at propiir points 
for man and beast, and ladies also. Tlie oppor 
tunity thus afforded of witnessing one of the 
great wonders in nature is expected to attract to 
NewTacoma, W. T., a great many visitors. 

The experts in the (Juitcau case are not yet 
paid. They asked extravagant sums. The De 
partment of Justice has bocn in correspondence 
with them ever since tlic trial, but no basis of 
settlement has yet been reached. J.l',; 


[January 20, 1883 


We admit, unandorsad, opinioos of oorresptmdents — En » 

Claims Under the Drainage Bill. 

Editors— It is a well estaVilished fact 
that tin; pigsi'iit Legislature will lie asked to 
pay the outstanding claims against the SUite on 
account of work doneliy theauthorization of the 
"Drainage liill," passed during tlio session of 
79-80 (I think), and which w;is carried on un- 
ilcr the direct supervision of officcn-s created hy 
that bill. 

As is well known, this liill wa.s declared un- 
constitutional, and as a consequence payments 
were stopped on outstanding warrants and 
audited accounts in the sum of about S!"2t>.'i.()00. 
For some time it appeared as if tlie Attorney- 
(ieneral would soon institute suits to recover 
the money tliat liad hccn paid out uiuler tlie 
provisions of tlie '-Drainage Bill." During the 
late political campaign the Attorney-(!eneral 
Mas approached by parties having claims, and 
tliey proceeded to ask him what he could do in 
the way of securing tliem just compensation for 
their w'ork in the ease of his re-election. He 
seemed to put the ((uestion asiile almost as if it 
were impugning liis integrity. Imt a few weeks 
after he ))eeame aware of tlie strong feeling in 
the Sacramento valley in favor of paying tlic 
contractors for the woi-k they had faithfidly 
jierformccl, and lie sent word up to Maiysville 
tliat althougli tlic "Drainage" Act was uncon- 
stitutional, yet the claims for work done were 
valid, and that he should ilo all in his po«-er to 
find some legal means of paying tlie outstanding 

Besides this expression as to the justice of the 
claims of tiio creditors, numerous prominent 
lawyers have freely expressed their opinion that 
the demands were ei|uitablc and should be paid. 
But already at least one prominent city journal 
(the Chroiiicli), has liegun to harp on the 
economical obligations of the Legislature, and 
to insinuate that the creditors of the State, for 
work done under the Levee Connnissioncrs, 
were spccidators ami dishonest i-ontractors who 
charged an exorbitant price, and that the State 
was therefore mider no ol>ligation8 to jiay for 
the work done. This is a puerile and almost 
despicable stand for an intelligent journal to 
take, anil it shows a disregard for the obliga- 
tion of contracts out of all comparison with tlie 
standard of integrity that should be upheld by 
tlie Stiite. 

The contracts were regularly let and were 
for the most part taken by resident farmers who 
were interested in seeing the iirotective woi-ks 
properly executed. The levee work on the 
north side of Bear river was done by six or 
seven farmers, who had never taken contracts 
l)efore, and could therefore not be classeil 
as professional contractors. On the south side 
of Bear river the work was let to the contrac- 
tors who had in charge the erection of the dam. 
As a conse(|Uence, very little levee work was 
done, and what levee was built was so improp- 
erly protected as to h.ave been useless. Of all 
the river bottom on that side of the rivei' there 
are not to-day five acres under cultivation. 

The contractors on the Yuba river w ere for 
the most part the same class of men, while both 
Wheatland and Marysville contain many cred- 
itors in the persons of day laboreis and mer- 
chants, who furnished supplies to order of the 

There are yet outstanding claims to the 
amount of from »2(i0,000 to .•i!-2fi."),000. and the 
creditors are as much entitled to pay as though 
their claims were against a private imlividual. 
The contractors .slioulil not be hiM responsible 
for mistakes of the legislators. They hail every 
reasonable guarantee that their claims would be 
paid, and they have a right to demand that the 
contracts taken in all good faith should be hon- 
orably discharged by the State. 

There can be no doubt but what the bill was 
unconstitutional in form, and again there is no 
doubt but what the Legislature intended that 
its provisions should be carried out, and that all 
work done shouhl be paid for as by agreement. 
But, then, who were to judge of the validity of 
the bills? Surely not the contractors? Tlie 
simple fact of the bill becoming a law was a 
good guarantee that its provisions wouli] 
be maintained ami honorably discharged 
by the JCxccutive. In almost every case the 
contractors were induced to ilo the work with 
the luiderstanding that warrants should be 
drawn on the State treasury as soon as the work 
was completed, but just as they had completed 
their work and many of them secured their 
M-arrants, they were inff)rnied that the State 
hatl made a mistake in the wording of the title 
of the "Drainage Bill" which rendered their 
claims invalid. 

In most cases the contractors were men in 
only moderate cireumstances, and who could 
not afford to lose from S4,000 to .*20,0(K), even 
if the honoraVde members of the Legislature had 
unintentionally passed an unconstitutional bill. 

Many of these men have for two years been 
paying from 12 to 1.3 per cent, on the debt cre- 
ated during the erection of the State works, 
and it lies with the integrity of the present Leg- 
islature to speedily pass a bill for their relief. 
Not only have they been obliged to borrow 
money, but ow ing to the fact that few will ac- 
cept land in the slickens "infested" region, they 
are compelled to pay almost an exorbitant 
rate of interest. 

It is to de hoped and is confidently expected 
that the present Legislature will let no false no- 
tions of foolish economy sfcind in the way of 
the discharge of this honest debt which is due 
to her own citizens, w ho cannot <le refused their 
pay w itiunit still further impairing the confi- 
dence of the public in the integrity of our State 
and the efficiency of its legislative officers. 

M. H. D. 

Oakland, Cal. 


KiJiTiiKs Pkkss: — Headers of the Pkkss, 
ticularly those of you who are going to Sacra- 
mento this winter to make laws for the rest of 
us. 1 wish to call your attention to Mr. Kilward 
Berw ick's (ireek fable. No. 1, N'ol. 1.5, and the 
conclusions deduced therefrom. I've licen try- 
ing for a long time to tell you the same thing, 
and would if I could only have read Oreek. That 
gentleman can do so many things that I cannot, and 
our thoughts are so much alike perhaps w e might 
fonna copartners-hip. Kd. can read (ireek, and I 
can make whisky without a still. All the Legis- 
lature need do this winter is to cancel all laws 
now in existence, that we may have a rest on 
the log of self-will. (Jive us a chance for once 
to cheat each other to the fullest extent that 
human cupidity may dictate, without fear of 
lashes from the law. Kd. and I want to ])ut up 
butter with only a pound and a half in a two- 
pound roll, and if a little short, a small stone in 
the middle of each will make up the deticieiicy. 
The people won't say anything after they get 
used to it. 

Then we can make yeiist powder, used by all 
families. A\'e will do just'as is done now, or one 
better, we will put 12 ounces in pound' cans — 
the first cans -till we get our names up; will 
just be able to raise the millstones as well as the 
flour. Then we will ]iut in a little flour and 
plastta- to enuali/.e the color. It won't come up 
ijuite so well, but what of that ? we are making 
money, and only the good wives will worry 
about heavy caki s, and the husbands will curse 
such cooking. Then there is gypsum for the 
Hour, saml for the sugar, acid for cider vinegar, 
and a tlumsand and one other things that miglit 
be done but for the fear of obnoxious laws. 

1 am glad that there is one ilairyman who is 
.so foigctful of self. Kd. kee|)s cows so as to go 
iigaiust the proposed laws of the teat strippers 
versus the tallow butter men. The idea of such 
laws, anyway, to foi-ce hotel keepers to post in 
their <lining-r(«)ms "billow butter, dog hash and 
cat sau.sage!" Down with the law: there's 
oceans of money in itl The people will never 
have time to carry scales and chemicals to 
weigh and test things every time household sup- 
plies must be replemsheil. K(!ep at it, Kil. , per- 
haps it can be done. '• I'l rm n n iitia tnniiia 
v'liiril." That isn't (Jreek, but it means, keep 
pulling and the rope will break after awhile. 
The law is a goner. Hurrah, hurrah, rah, rah! 

R. K. W 

St. Helena, Cal. 

Huasco Cuttings. — Ruda Insecticide. 

KditoKs 1* your issue of December 
2.S, 1882, under the heading of "Corresponil- 
ence," mention is made that Mr. Hopkins has 
acclimated the celebrated Huasco grape, from 
Peru, and from w hich the "Pisco" brandy is 

Now, I think it but right to correct such er- 
i-ors a.s the a1>ove. In the first place', the Huasco 
gra])e does not come from Peru; and second, 
Pisco brandy is not made from that graiie. 

Huasco, in Chile, is situated about 28A' S. 
latitude. Pisco, in Peru, is about 14J' S. lati- 
tude, or, say 1*00 miles further north. 

I am jiersonally aw are that an invoice of 
what purported to be Hua.sco cuttings were re- 
ceiveil here from Iiiuiciue. a port in Peru, to 
which place they had been .sent from a small in- 
terior town called Pica, locally celebrated for a 
sweet wuie manufactured there, and then sent 
on by sea to this city. Said cuttings were in- 
voiced as Huasco cuttings, nevertheless: it then 
follows, and I so infoniicd the party who show ed 
me the invoice, that he could not expect to get 
genuine plants from spurious cuttings. This 
liappeneil, if I remember right, about four- 
years ago. 

There may have been othei- lots imported, 
and of which I am not aware, bnt it strikes me 
from the evident confusion of names and facts 
conveyed in the paragraph alK)ve mentioned, 
that the genuine grape is not thus far accli- 

Orders for Huasco cuttings shouM lie sent 
either to the port of Coijuimbo or X'alparaiso, 
through some commercial house, in order to 
secure the right plant. 


Since writing the above, my attention was 
called to articles and data published in 
your intei-esting paper on Insecticides, a very 
important subject to all your numerous readers 
in any way connected with farming and agi-icul- 
ture., therefore, allow me to contribute 
my small quota on this subject. In the ravines 
back of \'alpai-aiso there grows a plant called 
ruila: it is bushy, yellow flowers, very hardy, 
and easily propagated from any twig or stem 
stuck in the ground. 

Its generis name is unknow n to me. Its gen- 

eral appearance is not very much unlike a 
healthy lupin plant. It has a strong pungent 
smell, and is, to my personal knowledge, death 
to chicken lice. I have used it in Chile many 
a time v\ ith marvelous success. It only needs 
to chop fine some of the leaves and scatter on 
the ground so that the chickens themselves niiiy 
pick then) u)!, and then place a few loose 
branches around and in.sidc the chicken house, 
especially in such nooks and corners where the 
insects congregate most. The result '24 hours 
afterwarils is really astonishing. 

I have seen three ilifl'erent specimens of the 
]>lant growing in private houses here, and evi- 
dently the plant must have l>een brought from 
Chile, where, as stated previinisly, it grows wild. 
Three j-eai-s ago I liail a tine spi-cimen growing 
in my own garden, planted from a twig given 
to me, but. having removed from the the State, I 
found on my return that it had been jnilled up 
and throw n into the ash barrel. Though I have 
never tried the experiment, for the simple rea- 
8(m that the idea never occurred to me, it may 
be that when powdered up it may i-etain its vir- 
tues, thus adding one iiiin-e safeguard against 
the many difhculties encountered by poultry 
raisers. Would any of your intelligent readers 
like to try the ex|«iriment? R. f'. Bl-U(iE. 

.TOfi Battery street, S. F. 

Yields of Dairy Cows. 

KniToKs — I have seen several letters 
in the Pkkss lately presenting the oversh.adow- 
ing i(ualities of the short horn cows for milk. 
This is very commendable. If a man h;is got a 
very good cow and takes the pains to measure 
the milk, and weigh the butter, and publish 
the result, we will soon find out who has the 
best. But the best one this year may jxissibly 
be only the second or third even next year. 

Believing that I have some good heifers, and 
having testeil two of them lately, I will give 
you the result: They are half .Jersey, of good 
size for that stock. The first one, about four 
weeks after calving, gave a little less than 
eighteen quarts per day, and made two pounds 
of butter. We only tried two days. The 
other .lersey, her calf, aliout twelvemonths old. 
gave sixteen (|Uarts per day, and one and a half 
pounds of butter. The cows are five years old 
in the spring, and thin in flesh. They have not 
been fed a single thing except what they get in 
the pasture w ith the other stock. 

Now, Mr. Editor, if none of the short lun-ii 
men are disposed to let their cows get poor so 
as to have an e<|Ual test, there is but one thing 
for me to do, and that is, when my .lersey cow 
conies in in the fall, to get my dander up and 
feed her all she will digest properly, and then 
see if she will not do a little better than .Mr. 
Ashburner's or Mr. Scoggins", provided their 
cow s only get the same amount of feed that 
mine does, for the feed is sometimes a very im- 
portant factor in net proceeds. 

Lafayette, Cal. N. .Iones. 

Los Angeles Notes. 

EniTOKs Pkkss: — The prospects for the year 
are good in this section. We have hail good 
rains and the farmei-s ai-e busy and prosperous, 
as they oiight to be. with plenty of water for 
irrigation, a mining market for more than we 
can at present produce, and such prices for pro- 
duce .as I shall intimate below. Now that we 
arc no longer dependent on the San F'rancisco 
market, our pros|)ei-ity is assured. When butter 
brings from 2.") cents to TiO cents per pound, eggs 
•20 cents to ."lO cents per dozen, cheese (new) 1.) 
to If) cents per pound (it is taken from the fac- 
tory as fast as it is made), barh-y I feed) i^X.M) 
to .^1.60 per cental, coi-n to .*;l..">0 

per cental, potatoes §1.2.'> to if'X.'A'-i car 
load lots, faimers arc and ought to l>e prosjier- 
iius. With plenty of w ater and |>erpetiial green 
feed for his cows and hogs, and .San Francisco 
prices at his door for all he has for sale, with 
the dili'erence in freight and commission he for- 
merly paid to San Fianciscoadded, the producer 
is well off. This makes a difiei-ence to him of 
(iO cents per ct ntal on gi-;iin. Nothing better 
for dairymen and farmers can be found in the 
State. Our fruit men are and always have been 
prosperou.s. W. R. Olde.v. 

Los Angeles, .Ian. 10th. 

A Pkettv .Scien'TIKK- Kxi-kkiment. The fol- 
lowing experiment in the way of physics with- 
out ai)paratus is given by a correspondent of La 
Sdliii ' . .\ clay pipe is laid over the top of a 
large >\ ine glass, and a person is rei|uired to 
bring it down to the table without touching 
either pipe or glass, without agitating the air or 
moving the tjible. The solution of the problem 
consists in taking up another like glass, rubbing 
it \ igorously on your sleeve, then bringing it 
near the pipe stein, which is thereupon strongly 
attracted, so that the jiipc falls. This experi- 
ment is a pretty variation of the electric pen- 
dulum, and .shows that pipe-clay, a very bad con- 
ductor of electricity, yields readily to the at- 
traction of an electrified boily. 

M. XoKiiKNSKlor.l) maintains that the aurora 
is a permanent phenomenon in polar regions, be- 
ing always seen when the sun is below the hori- 
zon and when the moon is invisiVde, 

Practical Poultry Raising— No. 3. 

Kditoks Pkess : —It frequently Ijeen a 
source of woniler why some hens will hatch 
nearly every egg and raise every chick, while 
others under equiilly favorable circumstances 
will not only not succeed in hatching even an 
average percentage, but make a total failure in 
raising what they may hatch. No gi-eat<.T dis- 
appointment can befall anyone than, after having 
laid his plans for a flwk of fine chicks, exercis- 
ing all the care his judgment couhl suggest, find 
as a result but few chicks, and those few drop 
off <me by one until they have been diseourag- 
ingly decimated. .Aside from the more promi- 
nent reasons with which all are acquainted, 
there is another and, in my opinion, a not in- 
frequent one, why some hens will do In^tter than 
others under precisely tlic same circumstances. 

A series of experiments instituted by me last 
season <lenionsti-ated to niy mind at least that 
there is a pro|>er degree of heat at which eggs 
shouhl be incubated, and a continued heat above 
or below which is certain to result disastrously. 
In a large number of hens I found an extreme 
variation in temperature of eight degrees -the 
minimum. 98': maximum. 106 . Those hatched 
at 102 to lO.'V" were strong and vigorous, and 
nearly all lived. Those at the highest tempera- 
ture were more weakly, and tojipled over one 
after another, very few making fine chicks, 
while at the lowest teniperature a smaller jx-r- 
ceiit.ige hatched, with an deformed 
one. Having satisfied myself on this score, 1 
shall hereafter be careful not to entrust valued 
eggs to a hen that does not a)i])roach the ha|)py 

Setting Hens. 

Hens should never be set wlicie others are 
laying. Kitlier of the two following plans 
should be adopted, viz: to remove the hen. 
w hich should be done after dark, to a house set 
ajiart for the purpose, or to a Iwix well pro- 
tected from wind and rain, to which has been 
attached a cop wherein she may dust herself 
.'ind receive food, etc. The house ]dan is iqieu 
to one objection, the liability of changing nest.s 
when too many are set at once. This may be 
successfully avoided by giving the hen the same 
position as nearly as possible .is that occupied 
liy her previous to moving. I prefer the plan 
of .setting hens in the house on account of the 
convenience of examining the nests at any time, 
and the minimum amount of labor consumed in 
the care. Have plenty of whole grain, gravel, 
water and a good dust-bin within access. 

The Nest 

Shouhl be made in a box from 14 to H5 inches 
s(piare in.side, viithout a bottom, and placed 
directly upon the ground, which should be 
raised a few inches higher than outside, 
especially during the rainy season. Hens some- 
times get their feet under the straws when 
coarse, and on leaving the nest suddenly are 
apt to break some of the eggs by throw ing them 
together or against the side of the box: there 
fore use fine straw, and as hens sit more 
steadily in a moderately dark place, it will be 
wise to j)Ut a cloth down the front of the nest, 
acting as a curtain. 

Do not give a hen all tlie eggs she can barely 
cover w ith her feathers, as those at the outside 
will be cold; and in moving them about in the 
nest, all are brought in turn under this great 
variation, and the majority of them perchance 
be spoiled. It will be necessary to be guided 
.somewhat by the size of the hen and the time 
of the year. Medium sized hens are the s;ifest 
sitters; large ones frequently break the eggs 
w hen getting on tiie nest. .Should any become 
broken, clean out the nest and wash all eggs in 
warm water that have been besmeared. 

If Dalmatian Insect Powder l)e used no dilli- 
culty w ill be experienced in keeping away all 
verimn. It is easily ap]>lied by putting the 
powder in a pepper duster or a common yeast 
powder can with perforated top. and at night, 
when all is quiet, dust the hen and all around 
the nest thoroughly, the last ai)plication just 
before the chicks hatch. 


Is a necessary adjunct to successful hatching, the 
lack of which prevents many a line chick from 
getting out of the shell. The shell nicmbrane 
becomes dry .and tough like leather, and niois 
ture acts upon it like water mi brown iKi|H-r. 
therefore I place great stress nnon making the 
nest on the groiiml, and it w ill be all the better 
if the .additional precaution is taken to sprinkle 
eggs daily during the last few days with tepid 

Now, if the hen has l)cen faithful to her dut> 
and ;dl conditions favorable, by the day, il 
there are no Chinamen, skunks or coyotes in 
the neighborhood, the chicks should not be far 
away. 1- i'-vi k. 

Petiiluma, C*l. 

N.\ii. Mills. —In the castein part of 
chiisetts, and with headquarters in Boston, are 
seven nail mills, operating ."100 m.'ichines and 
turning out an average of 10,000 kegs per week, 
mostly for the home trade, but furnishing ship- 
ments for Cuba and South .-Vmerica. 

January 20, 1883.] 

fAeiFie I^URAL f RESS. 


The Mohair Industry. 

And on his brow deliberation sat 

And public care, and piincely counstl In 

His fdce jet skone, majestic but in ruin. 

—Paradise Lost. 

Epitors Prkss: — Again I dip tlie relentless 
pen, l)ut only to withdraw it, yielding a will- 
ing precedence to the "Knight of the Silver 
Goblet. '" 

Maftin KihBr—Z)far S)')-.— Yours of April 20th came 
to hand Eome days since. I have looked over my books, 
but have lost the jun of the progeny o( Peters' ewe No. 
85, referred to. I no doubt have some of his stock; hut 
I have filled to record it. We have 114 pure bred kids 
this spriDK, and I have never seen as fine a prospect. I 
think Waiting Mary and her kid were the prettiest fight 
I ever (aw when we sheared her. She is a perfect mode). 
Old Hercules is dead. Ho got too old to breed, and we 
lost 40 or 50 kids last year by trusting him. This year 
we used young bucks, and they have come to all we ex- 
pected and more. I would not advise a man to use a 
buck over 8 or ',) years old; they lose their vitality after 
10 years at most. We are keeping our goats at home 
now. We have 13 acres of alfalfa. They do not look as 
tbey did when you saw them. — Landrum & Rooers, Wat- 
gonville. May IS, 1880. 

If you have a copy of this Rueal to spare 
I want you to .send it to Manly Miles, of Mich- 
igan. He is the author of the hand Look on 
stock breeding, and if tliat document don't beat 
him, all I can say is, that he is pretty hard to 

Before consigning our once illustrious friend 
to that luxurious retirement that must hence- 
forth be his lot, I desire to advert to tlie in- 
sipid descant from his spasmodic pen that ap- 
peared in your issue of February 25, 1882. 

Like a vanquished game cock sunk in woful 
plight, that would with one convulsive fly se- 
cure the victor'.s right, he first tells the public 
that my stock must 1)e falling off, and then 
brings forward the ex'idence to prove tliat it is 
not. For in the circular of the Kitching Bros. , 
that he publishes, there is mohair quoted at 
fifteen cents a pound. I fear no contradiction 
when I say that the man who raised this mo- 
hair produced it at a loss, and a heavy one. 
The profits on stich inferior stuff lay between 
the railroads and the professional that sold the 
bulk (ibsoliilcli/ pure. There was none of my 
mohair that went at less than thirty -five cents. 
I put in the second ([uality close on the heels of 
tlie first. I graded it myself, and am under no 
obligation for my proficiency in the art to any 
professional breeder. 

As I informed your imjuirer from Lake 
county, part of my inferior was sold for bedding 
and part consigned to the manure pile. There 
is very little difference chemically between the 
highest an<l tlie lowest i|uality of mohair, and I 
had mine on the back of another kid long be- 
fore my co-laborer had his tardy returns from 
the Kitching Bros. But this involved a famili- 
arity with tlie cliemistry of the grave. I dwell 
more particularly on this topic, as I have re- 
cently received through the mails from some 
considerate person the following circular : 

To Growers of Mohair: — We are engaged in the manu- 
facture of a variety of goods, in the making of which we 
uae all the lower grades of Mohair from the first cross up. 

It will be a great encouragement to owners of graded 
fl )ck8, and to those contemplating entering this husband- 
ry, to know that from the first cross from the common 
guat the product of Mohair is salable and in good demand. 

We invite the shipment to us, direct, by the growers, 
of these earlier grades especially— say, of less than four 
inches in length. The fact that a great majority cf the 
shepherds in this country supposed tlie Mohair from 
their first crosses was unsalable, at almost any price, has 
proved a great drawback to an enterprise all the products 
of which are valuable, and which we can promptly and to 
any reasonable extent make use of, to the mutual a4van- 
tage of both the grower and consumer.— .James Taylor, 
Newburgh Woolen Mills, Newburgh, N. Y. 

Whoever the thoughtful friend may be, he 
will please to accept my gratelul acknowledge- 
ments. At the same time I would assure him 
that as far as California is concerned there is no 
necessity for it; she can do better. The proof 
of my statement is repectfully submitted: 

HOLYOKE, Mass , Sept. 4, 1882. A. R. Casaccia, Mer- 
ced— Dear Sir;-Tho Mohair sent by you May 4th has 
arrived, and we enclose returns as follows: (38 lbs grade 
No. 1, at 50c It), $34; 250 lbs grade No. 2, at 40c ^! tb, $100. 
We found several of the fleeces had slips of paper in them 
to be filled out, which our grader has done, and we re- 
turn them.— H. M. Farr. 

The slips of paper referred to read thus: 

Viceroy 65c lb. Quality good. Lacks length of 

Sweetbrier 60c V tb. Too short. 

Oversight 65c # lb. This is a good fleece; is a little 
clotted. If perfectly clear and true would be worth 70c a lb. 
Length and quality are what bring good pi ices. 

So here m c have a fleece going 40 per cent, 
above first (juality. I will append the valua- 
tion of three fleeces sent with a former lot; nor 
will it be necessary to encumber your space 
with the complete returns: 

Blacktail 5no. This fleece would be worth 70c a lb if 
free from black. 

Vanity 75c. This fleece would be worth 80c a tb if as 
fine in <|uality as the Twilight. 

Twilnht TOc. The quality is extra good. Would be 
worth SOc a lb if it had the'length of the Vanity. 

I will mention that there is only one of these 
fleeces, the Viceroy, that has any of the 
Usurper (Harris stock) Idood in it. As his 
name would indicate, he rules in the place of 
another. His composition stands thus: One- 
half Peters No. 8.j; one-fourth Usurper; one- 
eighth Croppy; one-eighth Blacktail. 

In again looking over the jjedigrees, I see that 
the statement (in my article in the RfRAL of No- 
vember 4, 1882) is incorrect, that the blood of 
Peters 8.5 was one-half No. 1 B. She was one- 
half No. 7; one-fourth No. 1 B. ; therefore the 
Viceroy is one-eighth No. 1 B. Yet this small 
amount has been suflicient to cai'ry all tlio 
others in its own direction. 

Here we have an instance of "atavism," the 
bugbear of the professional. It is not to the 
common goat, however, for on this zone that is 
an impossibility. We also encounter another 
law of nature that the professionals don't tell us 
anything about, and that is 


In no work on goats that has come under my 
perusal have I seen anything of the subject 
mentioned. The eompreliension of it, and the 
observation of its operations in his own corrals, 
will affect more tlie interests of the future mo- 
hair producer of California than any otlier cause, 
locality alone being excepted. Nor does any 
timorous pen offer any aiiology for dilation. 
Before me lies the Weekii/ Vail map of California 
and Nevada, copyrighted 1878. In order to 
divest my subject of ambiguity, I would ilesig- 
nate the mohair zone to comprise a large por- 
tion of San Bernardino county and to run nortli- 
east throughout the whole State, being \ery 
much constricted at El Dorado county. In 
acres it will amount to nearly one-fourth of the 
area of the .State, and I would call the atten- 
tion of the State Immigration Society to this 
fact. It is the arid land that we need to re- 
claim. Mussel Slougli doe.s not need reclaiming. 

There is no more fascinating occupation than 
the amelioration of the mohair goat, and to the 
emigrant whose capacities are in advance of liis 
means it presents uiiconnnon advantages. In 
many choice locations it could be combined with 
silk raising, or the production of nuts, for I am 
convinced that the more temperate portions of 
the zone will be adapted to any of these indus- 
tries, though the extremes may not. 

The California Angora of the Future. 

My reasons for laying such emphasis on pre- 
potency will be stated succinctly: Professionals 
liave hitherto acknowleilged but two types of 
goat, viz: Tlieir favorite thoroughbred and tlie 
ignominious broncho. Whereas, our case in 
reality staii<ls thus; There has been impoi ted 
into California an example of nearly every va- 
riety of fleece-bearing goat in Asia Minor, and 
we already had here several species of tlie com- 
mon goat. Now, the task before us is, out of 
this heterogeneous jumble to form an animal es- 
sentially Califoriiian, bearing the cliaracteristics 
of a distinct species, and carrying first and sec- 
ond quality moliair in paying <|uantities; not a 
luxurious article of mohair, but mohair for the 

True, atfir.sttliought it seems an impossibility. 
However, let those who may be said to have 
the agricultural interests of the State in their 
keeping see that proper inducements are offereil, 
and tlien they will find out whether tlie goat of 
the future will be leil forth from the Arcana of 
a Massachusetts college, or from the arid and 
uninviting plateaus of tiie Pacific. 

There are others of tiie Pacific States and Ter- 
ritories etjually well situated for the production 
of profitable mohair', so the only question for 
California to decide is what position she will oc- 
cupy, first or last. 

My Dear Sir: — I this day received your letter of the 
2d instant, which I hive carefully read with much inter- 
est, and I resret my inability to spare time to write you 
the long reply it deserves. 

I own a flock of over two hundred head of the thor- 
oughbred Angoras, many of them equal to any to be 
found in the United States, if not superior. At one time 
we breeders thought it required elevation and a cold c i- 
mate to produce the Angora fleece in pei faction. We now 
know that good pasturage, with a range containing 
weeds, briars and bushes, and good keep tb" entire year, 
is all that is requisite. I so'.d my crop of 1880 mohair 
for "Oct! lb for first quality, and 40c for the second quality 
say one-sixth of second qualitj'. I breed to weight of 
fleece first; freedom from kemp second. The length de- 
pends upon the age of the animal, together with the con- 
di ion of it during the year. 

1 will send you a pamphlet, also some circulars. The 
failures in Texas and our far Western States have been 
caused by the attempts to breed up from common goats 
by the use of grade male". I can start with a common 
ewe goat and a thoroughbred selected buck for each cross, 
and by the seventh crojs can pick out goats equal in ev- 
ery respect to any of the imported, breeding purposes ex- 
cepted. Nine breeders out of ten breed from grade bucks, 
and right there "atavism" comes iu and ruins the flock. 
There should always be a "close weeding out" by all who 
desire to improve their Hocks, whether of grades or thor- 
oughbred, and all grade kids should be altered on sight.— 
R. Peters, Atlanta, Georgia. 


Grove: This correspondence defines the chasm 
between the producer and the professional. 

Kirby: Between the producer and the manu- 
facturer an abyss. 

(irove: I see he threatens you with another 
pamphlet. I am going to Merced in tiie morn- 
ing, and will telegraph to stop it. 

Kirby: Perhaps it is the pamphlet of the 
Virginia Angora Co. 

Grove: Even if it is! Here is the document 
itself. They must not fancy that California is 
going to wait to be draggeil along. I will leave 
it for your perusal. \'on will find it extremely 
rich. To be laconic, the "white elepliant" sugar- 
coated. [Kirby receives the pampiilet.J 

Grove continues: f wish to draw your atten- 
tion to how much easier it is for the scientist 
and the professional to account for a failure 
than to conduct anyone to a success. He says 
the failures in Texas .and the far Western States 
were made through the u,sc of graded males. I 
cannot accept such philo.sophy as this. 'I'hesc 
unfortunate jieople never were within tlie I'eacli 
of success from the start. On former occasions 
your correspondent rcmai ks: "About the year 
1873 I got rid of those goats 1 <lid not like." 
Again: "About the year 1873 1 sold tlioge not 
first-class. " Wliere did they get to'.' Are not 
some of them out tiiere in those corrals, abso- 
lutely pure? If I remember rightly, yon told 
me that you were experimenting witli them. 
Wliat is the result of your experiments? 

Kirby : It requires only one more giadation 

to elevate the calumniated bronco to a paying 
standard than one of these degenerate fleece 
goats. Once departed from their standard, it 
appears as though they would defy redemp- 

Grove : Alas ! How few, how few indeed of 
those who liave invested their money in goats 
are cognizant of the fact that it was the "White 
Elephant" himself who quelled the tumultuous 
councils of the nether regions. His cloven hoof 
enabled him to disdain the fiery crags of hell. 
After having arrived at tlie pinnacle of desola- 
tion, he calmly adjusted his untaruislied robes of 
mohair; then, scorning the perverted erudition 
of his compeers, and oblivious of the arid charac- 
ter of the topography around him (t'was admi- 
ration held his audience), wiiile the molten walls 
reverbrate with these over blessed words of en- 
couragement : 

"Let such bethink them, if the sleepy drench 
Of that forgetful lake benumb not stiff, 
■That in our proper motion we ascend 
L p to our native snhere. Descent and fall 
To us is adverse." 

Climatic Considerations. 

Kirliy : I am unprepared to dispute your 
position, the more especially since Mr. Hope, 
of Coulterville, has recently assured me that 
in a conversation with Mr. Harris about An- 
gora, he (Mr. Harris) declared that a person 
could not Vie long in the vicinity of Angora till 
he would pei'si)ii'e suliihur. 

(irove: I wonder if the distinguished en- 
thusiast has not de<luced I'atlicr hastily'; Might 
it not be that the air is so rarified that a person 
approaching it from a densei' atmos]ihcre would 
perspire more easily, anil that the extreme dry- 
ness of the region would allow tlic air to be 
charged with minute particles of sulpliur that 
would adhere to the pores of the skin and 
would appear to iiave exuded through them? 
The region of tile country is volcanic 

Kirby : While 1 decline tlie responsibility of 
an arbiter, 1 can readily ac(|uiesce in your opin- 
ion that extreme diyness of climate is an es- 
sential to the profitable production of mohair. 

Grove : Your correspondent admits that 
breeders at onetime held a similar opinion, but 
at present have modified their views. 

Kirby: Are you quite sure that you do not 
ini.sqnote the substance of our cori'espon<lent"s 
remarks'? He says nothing of diyness, that I 
can see; but merely speaks of clt^vatioii. anil a 
cold climate. The modification is to good 
pasturage, weeds and liriers. 

(irove: I am willing to be corrected, for, in 
that case, the divergence in our .sentiments is 
further than 1 had expected. I will concede to 
him all four of his requirements, and I suppose 
they have, all four, elevation, cold, Meeds and 
briers, at their fashionable watering place at 
the Mountain lake. He can also take his thor- 
oughljied, and 1 will content myself with such 
mongrels as Young Lady (!i'ovc. f.,ittle .Maggie, 
Coming Man, Blacktail, Vanity and 'I'w ilight, 
provided I can enjoy an excessively diy climate, 
with the extremes of heat and cold; offering no 
objection to such piovender as lujiine, sainfoin, 
or even the evergreen millet (Piniiciim Kpec- 

Kirby: Your arguments are not entirely co- 
herent, for I perceive tliat you have distracted 
me from the failures in Texas to the monopolies 
at the Mountain lake. 

(irove: With regard to our Texas friends,' I 
only wish to add that when an animal that is 
objectionable is used to improve pei'inanently 
the type of one that is essentially degenerate, 
the most strenuous efforts must terminate in fail- 
ine. Let us suppose that by any means they 
could elevate the progeny of the common goat 
to the level of the Mohair goats that were sent 
them as breeders, how are they to surpass 
them 'i And yet the Mohair goats were objec- 
tionable when they were sent them. But they 
can never get even that far, for the common 
goat is on his own soil, and has a decisive ad- 
vantage in every alliance. 

Kii'liy: Would it not be advisable at some 
point in the proceedings to have recourse to 
"Selected Bucks '; " 

(irove: My dear sir, you must not overlook 
the fact that the "Selected Buck" is held in his 
place by the whole force of the (iovernnient 
Printing Office, and occa^iionnl iiiipor/iilioiis. 
Here I am reminded that your correspondent 
hinges the solution of the whole mystery on the 
use of these (.so-called) "Selected Bucks." Can 
you tell me anything of their value '1 

Kirby: I offered .'ii!140 for one didivercd in 
Merced, and it was not accejited. I could not 
stand a repetition of the experience with the 
Representative from Kentucky, wliere the 
freight was exacted at each end of the Uiic. 

(irove: Well, let us add an .additional ten 
dollars, just to make even change. I will 
iterate your correspondent's winds: "I can 
start with a common ewe goat and a thorough- 
bred selected Imck for each cross, and liy the 
seventh cross can />ick out goats equal in every 
respect to any of the imported, bi'eedin;» pur- 
poses excepted." In the position 1 am filling, 
as superintendent of a mine, where there arc 
from 200 to .300 haiuls to work, I am oliligeil to 
ai)])i'oxiniate correctness in my computations. 
If it were otherwise I would soon obtain a per- 
iiianent leave of alisencc. Using the .same pre- 
caution, let us figure on the cost of our seventh 
cross animal. The seven bucks will cost just 
!$! ,0.')0. The seven gradations can be made in 
ten years and no less; after all that goats can 
be "picked out," etc. They do not by any 
U'sans comprise the majority of the flock, they 
have to be picked, So for ten years' time and 


•f 1,0.50 in money you get the semblance ■ 
mohair goat. If you write to your correspon 
dent again; please to tell him that it is not the 
goat we are after, it is the profit. I can show 
you oranges growing dowar here at the edge of 
the county, at Mr. ('arnett's, and luscious fruit 
at that, yet I do not think that you will stultify 
yourself by arguing that lie would .stand any 
chance of a profital)le competition with tho 
originator of the Riverside seedling. 

Kirliy: The professionals are not such adepts 
at computation as you are. Perhaps, after all, 
it would lie well to view the whole matter with 
a charitable leniency, and attribute it to their 

(irove: You must speak loud. Did you say 
"cupidity?" For ever rumbles through my 
ears the clatter of the mill, which, though they 
run her all the time, incessantly stands still. 

Kirliy: Unlike your armies of the p;ist, their 
running's no disgrace, because the running 
don't imply with them a change of base. 

M.VHTIX KlKBY (73). 

Danah, Mai'iposa County, Cal. 

Custom in Wool Grading. 

Ml'. .Joseph Hutcliinson, attorney at law .San 
Francisco, writes for the California Grocer a re- 
view of a recent decision on the ethics of wool 
grading whicli will be of interest to many of 
our readers: 

Last week the case of Meherin Brothers vs. 
Ball & .Julian was tried before .Judge Hunt 
and a jury. The result is important because 
the case involved a question of custom among 
wool-graders in San Francisco, and the verdict 
may have a far-reaching influence. Meherin 
Brothers sold to Ball & .Julian one lot of wool 
consisting of 44 sacks, containing some 14,000 lbs. 
at 20^ cents per pound, subject to what is called 
in tlie San Francisco wool market "grader's re- 
jection." Ball & .Julian took the 44 sack's of 
M ool and ileli\ ereil them to their graders. Af- 
ter the graders had handled the wool Ball <fc 
.lulian shipped 31 sacks East, and told Meherein 
Brothers that the remaining 13 sacks were re- 
jected and would not be paid for, Meherein 
Brothers sued for the price of the 13 sacks of 
wool. They claimed that it being a sale subject 
to grader's rejection. Ball & .Julian should 
have graded all the wool in all the sacks, and 
rejected only suchaswas "scabby" and "taggy." 
They claimed that the defendants had not done 
so, liut had examined fleece by fleece only the 
31 sacks shipped, and rejected the 13 sacks 
without grailing them atall. Ball & .Julian 
admitted that they had not graded the 13 sacks 
fleece by fleece, claimed that they had a right to 
reject whole sacks at a time, provided a general 
inspection convinced the grader that the wool 
in the rejected sacks was substantially all 
"scabby"' and "taggy." The whole case turned 
chiefly upon the one question whether "gradeis' 
rejection" necessarily involved the grading of 
the wool fleece by fleece, or whether rejection 
by the whole sack was permissible. Many ex- 
perienced wool-dealers, both buyers and sellers 
and several expert practical graders were called 
to testiy as to the meaning in San Francisco of 
"grader's rejection.'' All concurred that if a 
grader discovered a sack of buck wool in a lot 
purchased for ewe-wool, he might reject it as a 
whole. So with a sack of fall wool in a lot of 
spring wool, or a sack of dead pulled or wet 
wool. But as to the rejection of "si:al)by" and 
"taggy"' wool, there seems to be iloubt. 
'Scaliby'" wool contains blotchss of disease; 
"taggy" wool has in it chunks and lumjisof dirt 
and other foreign matter. Some testified that 
with regard to .such wool the grader's duty was 
to cut the sack, draw the wool fleece by fleece 
over his table and jiull out and reject the 
"scabby" and "taggy" portions. Others said 
this course was pui'sucd only with sacks that 
contained but an inconsiderable percentage of 
".scabby" and "taggy" wool. They held that if 
the grader, after cutting a .sack, discovered upon 
a general view of the wool that a very large pro- 
portion was "scabby" and "taggy" he might 
throw out the sack as a whole. And Ball & 
.lulian claimed that this latter course had been 
jHirsued with the 13 rejected sacks. The jury 
found for the plaintitt", bringing in a verdict for 
thefull amountof theirclaim. It isharilly likely 
that the case will be apjiealed. The verdict 
may be considered as settling that a sale in San 
Francisco of wool subject to "grailcr's rejection" 
requires, .so far as the rejection of "scabby" and 
"taggy" w'ool is concerned, that the whole lot 
sold shall pass, fleece by fleece, through the 
grader's hands. The counsel for the plaintiffs 
dwelt upon the rule that a custom to be admitted 
as law must be reasonalile. He held that the 
construction put upon "grader's rejection" by 
Ball & Julian made it an utterly unreasonable 
custom, because it put the seller .at the mercy 
of tlie liuyer. It would allow tlie buyer to pur- 
cliase a lot of ■wool at an average rate, cull out 
such portions as were very valuable, and appro- 
priate them, and reject arbitrarily the less valu- 
able portions. Tlie buyer would thus obtain 
higli-priced wool at a very low figure. His profits 
would increase enormously, while the. seller 
would be on the road to bankruptcy. AVlien it 
is considered that, during the process of grad- 
ing, the wool is in the absolute possession and 
completely under the control of the buyers, tliLs 
view of plaintiffs' counsel becomes very forcible, 



pAeiFie [^URAL PRESS. 

[January 20, 1883 

3?/rTF^0JNJS Of I^USB;6rfJE)F^Y. 

CotTMpondence on Grange prlnclplM »nil work »nd re- 
ports of transsotiona of subordinate Gnuigss are respectfully 
solicited for this department. 

Give Us Men 

Give B9 men! A time like this demands 

Great hoirts, stronsr minds, true faitli and willing liandf. 

Men, wiiom the lust of t.lfice does not kill; 

Men, shorn the spoils of otfise cannot buy; 

Men, who pofSMS opinion) a: d a will; 

Men, who have honor, men who will not lie; 

f o • while the rabble, with their thumb-worn creeds, 

Their large prnfcMions and their little deeds, 

Wrangl! in selfish strife -lo! Freedom weers. 

Wrong rules the laud and waiting Justice sleepc. 

-OUeer Wen<IHl nolmes. 

Good Time at Stockton Grange. 

Ei>iTOR.s rREss:— January Ctli was a gala day 
at Stockton Grange, and if ycc didn't wear our 
best olotlies, we did our kindest looks and used 
our plcasantest words when a class of one brother 
and six sisters were received intofulliiienibership, 
followed by "a feast tit for the gods," and just 
right for (Jrangers. Tlie coffee was a "thing to 
dream of." Noticeable on the tables was Bro. 
Han-is" contribution of apples from his mountain 
I'anch, superior to valley apples, and almost free 
from codlin moth. Nothing could have bright- 
ened up the social board and hall on tliat foggy 
day better than the cheery, warm red of the 
holly hemes, contributed by Bro. West. .Sister 
Kuhl, famous for the variety and beauty of her 
flowers, brought a large 1)asketful, whose fresh- 
ness .spoke of summer aii's- not of the salute of 
five inches of snow only six days before. Other 
sisters contributed freely to adorn the hall and 
tables with Flora's hardy daughters. 

About 100 ate dinner, among whom «cre 
Bros. Amos Adams and AVebster, Bro. lloyt, 
Master elect of Elliott, and Master HuH'man, of 
Lodi, and some other visitors, a good turnout 
for the fog. 

At '2 o'clock Bro. Adams introduced Worthy 
Secretary Webster, clothed with power to in- 
stall. That worthy officer made a concise 
speech before the ceremony, saying that the 
(Jrang<', unlike other societies, built from the top 
<lownwards for strength, ending in tlie subor- 
dinate (i ranges; spoke of the dithculties that 
nerved the first officers, who met in bSfiT; of the 
indomitable perseverance of its first Secretary, (). 
H. Kelley, who often with little means rode all 
over the country throiigli fierce cold and blind- 
ing snow to head(juarters at Washington. It 
had had its swell and collapse days. Now the 
outlook was as cheering as endm'ing. Many 
dormant (iranges t.alked of starting anew: 
many had done so. (Grangers must cling to- 
gether and work 1 

All were pleased with the Secretary's impress- 
ive manner. A chord of soi-row vilirated 
througli Stockton (Irange as they tliouglit of 
two to whom in the close of the past year 
death had come like a bolt from a clear sky — of 
their old Treasurer, whose features were com- 
posed for the last sleep in a twinkling; whose 
silver hair stirred with no breath of life; whose 
old wife of fifty years must finish the journey 
alone, and of Pomona elect, snatched with the 
reil on her cheek, the light of liope and youth 
in her eye, and her useful hands folded ever- 
more on her pure breast. 

The ceremony over, Bro. Adams (being twice 
called), with considerable tact tolil gravely his 
grievances when here last, wlien he was called 
from a position of Ijcatitude, as only can arise 
from sitting between two widows, by an over 
solicitous friend. A witty fire between Web- 
ster and himself restored cheerfulness. Then 
the neces.sity of keeping up the excellent Grange 
organ, the Patron, was urged. 

Another brother had read of putting an ounce 
of saltpeter into a hole in a stump, and allowing 
it to saturate the wood, it could be easily blown 
out. Another had tried an ounce and thought 
three must be needed. Ifehadbrokena plow(cost 
of repair fifteen dollars) on the stump after blow- 
ingoutbysaltpeter. Anothercouldget Chinamen 
to dig out the stump for Tocents, then he w ould 
cut it into wood for ?*1..")0, the wood woi th 
S2.00. Another brother wanted the job of dig- 
ging them out himself. He could do it as cheap 
as a Chinaman and take his pay in wood. An- 
other brother had tried saltpeter and it was a 

One sister read a few remarks on the ne- 
cessity of beginning the New Year ■i\ itli w ork 
by each mend)er, each could help a little. It 
was interesting for three or four to do all tlie 
talkui''. If members couldn't talk tliey could 
bring bits of useful information and recipes and 
show their interest. Alio\e all. Grangers 
should keep the coniniandment, "Love thy 
neighbor as tliy self." One brother thought 
wheat as high as it would get, and is going to.sell 
his through the business association. With 
the parting ode a busy day closed. 

It would have done the soul of the "great 
editor," dear old Horace Greeley, good after, 
more then twenty years ago, writing on "Amer- 
ican cookery by American country women" to 
see the tallies: but the articles did great good; 
saleratus bread, sodden potatoes and greasy cook- 
ery are things of the past; Granger feasts have 
proved that years ago. 

Stockton. Mns. W. D. A.siiley. 

Santa Rosa Grange. 

Editors Pres.s: — Tlie officers of Santa Rosa 
Grange, No. 17, P. of H., were duly in.stalled 
on the 13th inst. by Bro. R. A. Temple, Past 
Master of Bennet Valley (Jrange. At the same 
meeting a class of live (three sisters and two 
brothers) received the third and fourth degi-ees. 
The whole affair was pleasant, even to the din- 
ner, which was a big success. The attemlance 
was very good, considering the weather, which 
has been unusually cold and foggy. 

This ( irange has sent for and received a dozen 
of the new song books. The name of the book is 
"The National Choir." So far as we have ex 
amined and used them, satisfaction has fol- 
lowed. For tlie benefit of (iranges wliicli may 
want them, let me say the price is W.OO per 
dozen, or 40 cents apiece when ordered in less 
ijuantitx' than a dozen. 

Our (irange is prosperous; new petitions at 
each meeting, and renewed interest on the part 
of the old guai d. 


This morning, at .") .V. M., a fire was discov 
ereil in the building adjacent to our hall, and 
soon after the alarm one of our (irangers was on 
hand at the hall, ami with key in hand stood 
ready U> save charter, seal and records of the 
(irange. Fortunately the fire was controlled 
before doing any serious damage to the hall; 
however, our "fixings" got a good smoking. 

We meet on the second and fourth Saturdays 
of the month, at 1 I". M., in Society hall, on 
Fourth street, and w ill at all times be glad to 
have visiting Patrons with us. 

Everything is booming in this county; crops 
are very promising; feed was never better at 
this time of the year. There is plenty of 
money, few mortgages and numerous happy 
homes. D. E. W. 

.Sant;i Rosa, Jan. 15, 1883. 

Grange Elections. 

[Sjcrotaries a e requested to send further reports and 

St. Helena Gr.\n<!k - Napa County. - H. A 
Pellet, .M.; J. Lewelling. O.: Mrs. H. A 
Pellet, L. : William Peterson. S. ; F. W. Hewes, 
A. S.; H. .1. Lewelling, T. : C. A. Story, Sec; 
-Mrs. Petersons, (i. K.;.Mrs. Weinberger, (^eres; Weinberger, Pomona; Miss lyigaii. Flora: 
Mrs. Castner, L. A. S. 

Wooi)BKii>f;E Gk.vnck .San Joai|uin County 
- .Jefferson Parsons AVoodbridge. M.; Samuel 
Woodrufif, 0.; Ezra L.; A. M. Har.shner 
S.: (ieorge Ashley, A. .S.; E. J. MoInt<jsh, C. 
W. B. White, T.; Mrs. E. J. Mcintosh, Sec. 
E. (i. AVilliams, (!. K.: Mrs. H. Beckman, Po 
mona: Mrs. E. G. Williams, Flora: Martha 
A\'illiams, Ceres: Mrs. (ieorge Asliley, L. A. S. 

Pl-lMAS (iKANCE — Pluinas (,'ountv. I). E. 
Miller, M.;0. McElroy, 0.;A. B." Huntley, 
L. : M. C. Brigham, S. ; "O. T. Jones, A. S. ; A. 
Trimble, C; J. L. Crow . T. ; T. Black, Sec. : M. 
Tognazzini, (». K.; Mr.s. Miller, Ceres; Miss 
.Fones, Pomona; Miss Lyon. Flora: Miss A. F. 
Hubbard, L. A. S. 

Maonolia Gkance -Placer County.— J. R. 
Nickeson. M. ; D. Bilderbaek, O. : I. N. Ritchie. 
L.: C. C. Ragstlale, S.; B. B. Nickeson, A. 
S.; Mrs. E. M. Denton, C; J. W. (iautier, T. ; 
Maj' F. Bilderbaek, Sec. ;G. W. Cunningham, 
(i. K.; Mrs. J. R. Mookeson, Ceres; Mrs. I. N. 
Ritchie, Pomona: Minnie E. Higgins, Floia: 
Mrs. D. Bilderbaek, L. A. S. ; Alice E. Perkins, 

Two Rock (iRANCiE— Sonoma Co.— S. H. 
Church, M.; J. W. Doss, O.: Sister W. Church, 
L.; (ieo. F. Ward, S. ; J. R. Doss, A. S.: 
Sister E. C. Hiushaw, C. ; Jno. B. Schnobeda. 
T. ; J. C. Purvine, Sec'y; E. C. Huishaw, (i. 
K.; Laura Doss, Pomona; Lillian Freeman, 
Flora; Amy Martin, Ceres; Esther Doss, L. 
A. S. 

Daw ille Grange— Contra Costa Co.— D. N. 
Sherburn, M.; (i. McCamley, O. ; Chas. Wood, 
L.; M. W. Hall, S.;J. L. More, A. S.;R. S. Sym- 
ington, C; R. O. Baldwin, T.; C. E. Howard. 
Sec'y: S. F. Rainage, (i. K.; Mrs C. E. How- 
ard, Cei'es; Mrs. T. Floumey, Pomona; Mrs. 
W. Z. Stone, Flora; Miss L. Labaree, L. A. .S. 

P'l.ORls (iRANfiE— Sacramento County. — W. 
L. Montgomery, M.: H. A. Simons, O. : Sister 
T. Casey, L. : A. M. Aubertus, S. ; Y. Reece, 
A. S. ; J. Sampson, C. ; H. Buell, T. ; F. I'erez, 
See.; l>. Reece, (!. K.; Miss Nettie Bates, Ceres; 
Miss Rhoda Bates, Pomona; Miss Kate Jack- 
son, Flora; Mrs. C. Johnson, L. \. S. ; Brother 
Casey, Trustee. 

1'ottkr Vai-LEV (iRANi^K^Mendociu'i ( 'oiintv. 
—William Eddie, W. M.; S. H. .McCrearv. ().; 
T. W. Dashiell, L.; .lerrv Lierly, S. ; \V. A. 
(irover, A. S.; H. P. Mc(iee. C. : J. W. Grover, 
T.:H. W. Barker, Sec. ; R. R. Burow s, (i. K.; 
Laura Lierley, ("eres; Hattie Lierley, Pomona; 
■ leiiilie Deshns, Flora: Addie Sjiencer, L, \. S. ; 
W. Eddie, Trustee for three yeai-s. 

SofTH SrTTER (Jrance— Sutter Co.— Bro. 
C'. Bi-own, W. M. ; Bro. B. R. Mahon, O. ; Bro. 
S. Briggs, L.; Bi'o. J. Nicholas, S.; Bro. M. 
McNamara, A. S. ; Bro. Jackson, (J.; Bro. San- 
key, T. ; Bro. Hudson See. ; Bro. Roberts, (i. K. ; 
Sister Roberts, L. A. S. ; Sister Monrow, Po- 
mona; Sister McNamara, Flora; Sister Nicholas, 

A Grange Day at Haywards 

There was a good turn-out on the part of 
Temescal and Eden Granges at the joint installa- 
tion of officers on .Saturday last. Bro. Past 
State Secretary Amos Adams acted as 
installing officer, assisted by Bros. W. 
L. Overheiser, of Stockton, and L. Perhani, 
of Haywards. liros. Past Master I. C. Steele, of 
Pescadero, J. B. Carrington and others were 
present from abroad. Two degrees were con- 
ferred by W. Sec. J. V. Webster, assisted liy 
the officers of Temescal and Eden (iranges. As 
usual (at Haywar<ls) the harvest feast was a 
bountiful one, serveil with tnie ( irange cordial- 
ity, and greatly enjoyed by all present. We 
look for increased prosperity for Eden Grange, 
with its new list of eaniest officers and faithful 

Lecturer s Topics for January. 

Lecturer's communication. National (iiangc, 
I', of H. .Subject for subordinate (iranges for 
J anuary. 

Question 44— What good on we accompl>h during the 
year, to ourselves as iudiiiduals, and aa a Grange? 

Suggestions The annmnt of good t^) indi- 
viiluals depends largely upon individual efl'orts, 
and amount of g<Kid t<i lie accomplished as a 
(iiange ilepeiids solely upon the co-operative 
efforts of the members working unitedly together 
in a cor])orate capacity, for their mutual advan- 
tage and general gcxid. 

individual who fails in putting forth indi- 
vidual etfoi'ts, can such a one expect to receive 
much individual gooil? .As a general rule, he 
who fails in individual efforts also fails in co- 
operative efforts, and lie who labors individually 
for the a<lvanceiiient of our interest, and for 
( irange principles, is generally reliable in co- 
operative work. It is a fai t too ]ilain to he dis- 
gui.sed, and too important to be disi-egai'ded, 
that each and every member has individual du- 
ties that dare not be neglected, if « i- desire good 
t<i be accomplished, or the (irange made pros- 
perous and the members educateil and elevated 
to a higher manhood and womanlKKjd. 

If the suggestion to rpiestion i'l. submitted 
last month, has been heedeil, then the (irange is 
in good conilition for work, and if we work indi- 
viilually ami unite co-operatively in all (irange 
work, tlien there is nothing to hinder us from 
individual an<l co-operative benefits. If such 
benefits are not obtained, where is the fault? 
Is it not in the neglect of our individual duty 
and in the neglect of <mr (irange woik? .-^nd 
who but ourselves is to blame for the failure? 

National Ranch (iRANcR Cithcs Fair.— 
National City, it appears, is to have its .Annual 
Citrus Fair some time in March. The .San Diego 
Union, speaking of the enterprise, says; "We 
are g|-atified to learn that the National Ranch 
(irange propose to liold the annual citrus ex- 
hibition of San Iliego county in the latter part 
of the month of March next. It view of this, 
let evei-y fruit-grower of .San Diego i;ounty pre- 
pare to show, at the horticultural hall of the 
."Society, whatever productions he may have. 
Siieh an exhibition at this time w ill have an 
imiiortant inlliieme uiioii the future of the 
county. There w ill be time between now and 
the exhibition to plant and raise many varieties 
of vegetables. Let the cultivators of the soil 
bear these facts in mind, and show their enter- and public spirit in this matter. Every- 
tliing sliowiiig the resDurccs of our climate and 
soil will be gladly received and cared for by the 
.Managing Committee of the (irange. The ex- 
hibition is for tlie benefit of the whole county. 
If the horticulturists of this l egion w ill do w hat 
tliey can, the Fair will be a great success. 

The Grance in Can a i>a.— There arc 8(50 
(iranges in Canada, with a memliersliip of about 
40,000. They have :i wholesale supply house 
doing S3{M).000 worth of business tliis year, and 
I mutual aid association of 1 .400 memliers. Un- 
ler ( irange auspices a loan ;iiiil trust company 
has been organized and is in sueeessfnl operation, 
securing money at cheap rates in foreign mar- 
kets to loan members at low rates. They also 
have a (irange fire insurance company with 
nearly .ii!(i,000,(XX) of property now insured. They 
have improved the agricultural college and se- 
cured an experimentiil farm. 


A New Hohtrtlti kal Law. — The foes of 
the pests which are preyuig upon our orchards 
have secured the introduction of new bills at 
the Legislature which promise to be more ef- 
fective than those passed by the last Legislature. 
.Senator Cox, of .S.acraniento. has introiliiced the 
following: To establish a .Stiite Board of Horti- 
culture, and appropriate moneys thei-efor. Pro- 
vides for a Board of nine members, to be appointed 
by the (rovemor— two from the State at large, 
and one from each of the seven horticultural 
districts formed by the bill. Another proposed 
enactment is to prevent the spreading of fruit 
ind fruit tree pests anil diseiiaes, and to ))rovide 
for their extirjiation. It re(iuires fruit growers 
to pi ocurc certificates of disinfection of orchards 
from the resident Horticultural Insi)ector. AVe 
have not yet any more definite information con- 
cerning the provisions of these bills, but expect 
copies lieforc another issue. 



Fatteninc Cattle. -Cliico liicoril : There 
are about 1,000 of cattle at Marker Bros.' 
ranch at Big Meadows which arc now being fat- 
tened for the .San Francisco market. Some 730 
of them belong to AV. R. Todhunterand the rest 
to Marker Bros. They are fed on alfalfa hay, 
and it takes a good stock to last them any 
length of time. AA'. H. Patterson and L. (i. 
Clark are feeding 1.000 head of beef cattle at 
Surprise valley. AA'm. Hudspeth is feeding 500 
head at the same place. G. W. Raynes will 
have 4(X) head ready for the market ejirly in the 

Ci T Dow N THE Wheat.— .?((», Jan. 13: This 
has been an extraordinary sea.son for the growth 
of grain. The top of the ground has been kept 
wet and the e;irly sown w heat on the wami 
lanils is away in advance of the season. In fact, 
it is too far advanced. If we are to have even 
a moderately dry season, the top growth — the 
useless foilder that is now on the top of the 
giound, and that must continue with such sea- 
son -will draw all the moisture from the ground 
before the wheat begins to get out of the boot. 
AA'heat fields need attention, need study. Our 
observation has led ns to the conclusion that 
when there is too much fodder on the growing 
wheat plant, too much top growth for the roots 
and moisture in the ground, that the field 
should be either pastured or mewed slow ly down. 
AA'hen thus treated the roots grow, and stalks 
spring up uniin umbered w ith snchagrcatSmount 
of fodiler. Will not our friends who have 
such fields |)lease put in the reaper as an ex- 
periment on some of it? If we are to have a dry 
season we would wager a good ileal on the suc- 
cess of the experiment, and be the season ever 
so gooil it will pay. Try a little of it. And 
another thing, wheat needs cultivating. A gofid 
harrowing is .-is gooil as an inch of rain. If 
wheat that is now eight inches high was mowed 
closely down and harrowed, and then mowed 
and hari-owed later on, it would make all the 
difference in the world. .AH this can be done 
w hen there is not much else to do on t'le farm. 
AVe never recommend wild experiments, but 
we know that cutting the useless foi'd r from 
the whcjit ]>lant is good, and we know that the 
harrow doi s it good. AVe know that ruUirnlion 
makes mure difl'erence in California than in any 
other place of which we have any know ledge. 
If, then, we are likely to have a season thiit 
will not bring us a full crop by and of itself, let 
us try w hat ^ irtue theie is in intelligent work. 

AVintek Mr.sKiiELoN. -Placerville flejuihli 
can: Sunday last, Mr, Ira I). B.aker, who is 
engaged in clearing up and working AA'itmcr's 
ranch, a short clistance from town, presented us 
with what he tenned a "winter niiiskmelon," 
and it cerfcvinly proved to lie rightly named. 
He tells us that he raised a number of them last 
summer from seed sent out by the Agricultural 
Department, AA'ashington. In shape it more 
nearly resembles the Hubbard srpiash than the 
melon; but when cut, all doubts as to its char- 
acter are at once dispelled. It was one of 
the sweetest and finest grained melons we ever 
tasted. It wiis picked about three months ago, 
and would have kept in good condition, we ari' 
confident, fully .mother month, and possibly 
improve by the keeping, though it w as most 
delicious and no mistake. They ought to be 
come a more common pro<luct. 

Feed.— yfc/iMfi/f'cfiH, .Tan. 13 : The dense and 
heavj' fogs of the past week have liecn sufficient 
to keep the grass growing on the plains, and 
grain which was sown earlv enough to get the 
benefit of the first rains is looking well. AVith 
mt a heavy rain soon, however, the acreage 
sow n to grain in this county, compared to more 
fa\orable seasons, will be small. Sheep men 
say that feed is l:)€tter than at this time last 

Pkosi'eritv in Lake County. — Lakeport B"'. 
More building projects have been carried into 
execution in Lake county during the year just 
past than in any year for the last ten years. 
Such a record has one patent significance, namely, 
the advent of unmistakable prosperity. There 
has been a time in the history of Lake when 
money was seemingly more plenty than now and 
times apparently brighter; but the nature of 
those prosperous days was purely supeificial: 
money w.-is more jilenty siinidy because prices 
were very high and the jxipulation was less 
numerous. The pi-osperity to-day is thorough 
ami substantial — of a quality never known and 
felt before, and that w ill be progressive and 
ing. Mortgages on farms aie disappearing with 
wonderful rapidity, and the stimulus to business 
in all pursuits seems to have gained a new ami 
surer footing. 

Stkaw liERKlES.- -7V«i(vi: There was Laid u|>on 
the editorial table of the 'J'inm, Thursilay, w ith 
the compliments of .Mr. H. Burlingamc, of 
Compton, a lot of strawberries, which ought to 
be good for the sore eyes, especially to an East- 
erner. There was about enough to fill an ordi- 
nary box, but they diil not look as though they 
would fit well into a strawberry box on account 
of their size. One of them measured one and 
one-half inches in diameter and four and one- 
half inches in circumference. And it w.ts the 
11th day of January, 

January 20, 1863.] 


Hill Work. — Beacon, .Jan. 13: Farm work 
is well ill Ixaud. Several pieces of grain which 
were put in early arc now green and promising. 
But tliosc who seed early should observe one 
caution to protect tlieir fields against tlie de- 
structive work of water when fresliets come, as 
come tlicy will before the rain clouds float away 
in the spring. Tliere is danger of of injury by 
water in two ways. First, by tlie torrents from 
the hills tearing through tlie softeneil earth 
of the plowed fields uprooting tiie grain, wash- 
ing away the soil and leaving unsightly chan- 
nels. This can only be prevented by making 
sufficient sluices to convej' the water 
to the ocean, for depend upon it the 
water will either find a way or make one. The 
second is by standing water. Lowlands are of 
course subject to overflow, and if the water be 
allowed to co\ er the crops for any considerable 
time it will di;.stroy it. 


Cuc.vMUXOA. — Los Angeles ExprcHx: A large 
acreage of vineyard will be planted here tlie 
present season, both by the old vineyard com- 
pany and the new settlers. A good many of tlie 
settlers are planting the raisin giape. Tliere 
will also be several acres of orcliard planted. 
All the public land in this vicinity, amounting 
to over 4,000 acres, has been applied for. One 
settler on these lands is already boring for 
water. His well is over 100 feet deep, and 
water lias risen to within l;j feet of the surface, 
which is considered a good find for such liigli 
and dry lands. However, the well is l>eing 
pushed down for a flowing stream. Many 
others intend to sink wells. Sheep men are 
complaining loud of encroachments upon the 
territory, and while we are all glad to see the 
stock men prosper, I cannot help but think our 
fertile foothill lands are better employed rais- 
ing fruit that will yield an annual income of 
from $100 to $500 per acre tlian renting for pas- 
ture at 10 cents per acre, besides furnishing 
happy and delightful homes for thousands of 
families. It would be a pity if a climate so 
healthy and pleasant as ours tliere should he an 
acre of land not tilled to its utmost. 

Citrus Fruits for Iowa. — Riverside P/w.s; 
Mr. K. H. Calkins left on Tuesday with a fair 
collection of citrus fruits to bo placed on exhibi- 
tion at tlie annual meeting of the Iowa State 
Horticultural Society to be held at Dulmque 
next week. Among his fruits will be found a 
bo.x of oranges raised on the Kincade place, in 
Ontario. These oranges are as fine for seedlings 
as any in the collection, and will show what can 
be done in this new settlement. Riverside fur- 
nislieda large amount of fruit, while Los Angeles, 
San Gabriel, Orange, Tustin City, Anaheim and 
Santa Ana each finds itself represented. Mr. 
F. A. Kimball, of National City, sent pickled 
oUves and oli\ e l)ranclies loaded with fruit. W. 
C. Kimball sent aiiples and other fruits, and R. 
U. Clark, of Kl Cajoii. sent l aisins. The River- 
side exliibit is tlie laigcst from any one place. It 
is too early to exhibit oranges at this season of 
the year, as they arc still too green and sour, 
but Mr. Calkins will explain that to those who 
test them. The Riverside fruit came from L. 
C. Waite, P. S. Russell, A. J. Twogood, T. W. 
Cover, Swett & Noicross, and othei's whose 
names we did not learn. 


PowAY Notes. — Uniou, .]m\. 7: The rainfall 
that commenced on the 2d of this month was a 
Welcome one to everybody. But little seeding 
lias been done on account of the dry weather; 
l)ut now the work of putting in grain will be 
pushed rapidly. The amount ^^as .79 of an 
inch. It is hoped that this storm will be fol- 
lowed by others at seasonable intervals. 


Fruit Dryin'c. — Santa Rosa Democrat, .Tan. 
13: O. H. Hoag's fruit drying establisliment 
on First street is running niglit and day, turn- 
ing out dried apples at a lively rate. There 
are two of Mr. Hoag's driers in the building, 
and while we do not claim to be an expert in 
such matters, they certainly seem, judging by 
wliat we could sec of their workings, to be 
about "the thing," combining as they do, com- 
pactness, convenience in working, economy in 
fuel, large capacity and perfect arrangements 
for regulating draft and heat. Under [noper 
circumstances the machines move almo-st like 
clockwork, and a man can employ himself all 
day, with scarcely any intermission, taking out 
and emptying trays, and re-filling and again in- 
serting them. The fruit itself, owing to a 
bleaching process to which it is subjected, is, 
when jirepared for market, of a beautifully 
w liite and fresh appearance. 


Fine Pko.spkcts.— Marysvillc Appeal: Rc- 
)>orts of the excellent condition of crops come in 
from all sides. Volunteer grain on the west 
side of the Feather, near Nicolaus, is said to be 
a foot high already. There is more ground sown 
to grain in the vicinity of Nicolaus than ever 
before. Much land there that lay fallow last 
year is producing this season, and from present 
indications will yield big crops. 


A He.wy Hoc— Red Bluff C«"«'.- A two- 
year olil hog weighing ."lOO lbs., raised and 
slaugiitered at Geo. W. Vestel's slaughter house, 
was butchered and hung up at his meat market 
this afternoon. 


Foothill Fogs and Freezes. — Editor- 
Press: — We are in the midst of a cold snap oc. 
casioned by a foggy condition of the weathers 

Frost and fog together m.oke a penetrating cold 
bath v, \\en exposed. It is not often that we 
are called upon to chronicle a foggy condition 
of the atmosphere amongst the foothills, but its 
presence proves that there are exceptions to 
general rules. The thermometer at one o'clock 
P. M. stands 38'. Towards Modesto the fog is 
continuous, making it difficult to attend to bus- 
iness. For one week the sun was visible only 
once. In the absence of rain the fog retards 
the growth of the young grain, and excites a 
growth of grass for stock; all of which is and 
has been favorable for large and small stock- 
raisers. The season is altogether singular, hav- 
ing a character ditt'ereiit from any other within 
our remeniljraiice. So far the outlook is en- 
couraging for a large yield. New ground has 
lieeii extensively broken up amongst the foot- 
hills. One farmer has seeded 200 acres where 
hitherto only a fnv acres were cultivated. The 
small amount of wheat which came from the 
valley attests to the amount raised within our 
own borders. A few years more and we shall 
be self-sustaining in cereals, as we have long 
been in hay. It is astonishing the amount of 
hay required to supply the demand. Twenty 
dollars per ton is the amount paid in this dis- 
trict — eighteen dollars the lowest in the county. 
Hay is of a very superior quality; wheat and 
barley and a sprinkling of tame oats. The 
curing of hay is understood and attended to. 
Poor hay is not marketable, and is generally fed 
to stock preparing for the liutcher. Price of 
beef ranges from seven to eight cents — the lat- 
ter price for superior beef. — .1. Taylor, Chinese 

Cattle PiurES.— Marysville Appeal: The 
cattle kings are happy this winter. Cattle are 
bringing high prices, and are expecting to be- 
come dearer as the season advances. There are 
a number of "bunches" feeding at the Honcut. 
The price asked is nine cents. Mr. Hope, 
buyer for Moffat Bros. , is in town, with a view 
to try the market. 

The Coming Citrus Fairs. 

The season for these peerless exhibitions is 
approaching again, and such has been their suc- 
cess in the past that the citrus fruit growers are 
nerved to efforts for something beyond pre- 
cedent this year, and we believe they will 
achieve it. We can assure all our friends in 
the upper counties that if they can command 
the money and time for a southern trip next 
March, they will never regret the expenditure. 
A good citrus fair is the gem of all agricul- 
tural exhibitions. 

Of the fair at Riverside the Prrna ainl Hor- 
tii-ulliiritil gives early information. We are in- 
formed that the time of holding the Fifth An- 
nual (^'itrus Fair of Southern California has 
been fixed by the Board of Directors of the 
Citrus Fair Association for Wednesday, Thurs- 
day and Friday, March 14, 15 and'l(i, 1883. 
The list of i)reniiums will be arranged at an 
early day and given to the public. 

National City desires to hold a citrus fair, and 
it is quite likely that the date will be fixed at a 
time just prior to the main fair here, so that the 
exhibition of fruit there can be removed to 
Riverside for further display and competition. 

Santa Ana is arranging for a local citrus fair, 
and it is proposed also to hold that just prior to 
the Riverside fair, so that the fruit can then be 
brought to Riverside. 

During the session of the citrus fair the semi- 
annual State con\-ention of fruit growers is to 
be held in Riverside, under the auspices of the 
State Board of Horticultural Commissioners. 
Correspondence is now in progress regarding 
this meeting, and it is probable that a pro- 
gramme will be arranged for this feature of the 
week's work that will draw fruit growers from 
all parts of the State, and especially southern 

At the annual meeting of stockholders in the 
Riverside Citrus Fair Association, lichl Jan. Ctli, 
a majority of the stock was represented and the 
following Board of Directors was elected : B. 
I). Burt, B. F. White, A. S. White, .Tames Bett 
ner, A. Keith, Frank A. Miller and E. W. 

On Jan. 10th the Board met at Judge Con- 
way's office and organized by electing B. F. 
Wliite, President; K. Conway, Secretary; B. D. 
Burt, Treasurer, and H. J. Rudisill, Manager. 

An Anoora Flock. — C. P. Bailey, the well- 
known Angora grower, in answer to a request 
from the Texas Wool Oroicer, sent tlie following 
interesting items concerning his flock : In re- 
sponse to your kindly-expre.ssed wish that I 
should furnish you with some information with 
regard to the (piantity and worth of Angora 
goat fleece, 1 send you the following statements 
concerning my California flock : It was started 
about 10 years ago with ()0 head of 15-10 grade 
does and a few thoroughl)rcd Imcks and <loes. 
This flock has been kept by itself and an accu- 
rate account kept of sales made and mohair pro- 
duced during the entire time. The flock now 
numbers 1,700 head. From it during the 10 
years over 1 ,000 old docs and wethers have been 
sold at about three dollars per head. The flock 
has sheared in the time 20,239 tt)s. of fleece, 
which has sold for $0,800. For the past two 
years the whole flock, including kids, have 
averaged four pounds per head. If nothing un- 
foreseen occurs to prevent, I expect next spring 
to clip from my Nevada and California nocks 
from 12 to 15,000 lbs, of fair average mohair. 

Legislative Committees. 

We give below the names of those constitut- 
ing the committees on agricultural and allieil 
subjects in the Legislature now in session. By 
referring to our complete list of legislators in 
the RuuAL of Dec. 23, 1882, the full name and 
locality of each man may be ascertained : 

Senate Committees. 

Agriculture — Wolfskill, Cox, Langford, 
Spencer, of Stanislaus, Taylor, Dudley, Rey- 
nolds, Fo.ster and Steele. 

Corporations — Ryan, Knight, McCarthy, 
Cross, Kellogg, Kealing, Vrooman, McClure and 
Kelly, of San Francisco.. 

County and Township Governments — Spencer, 
of Napa, Bahlwin, Knight, Johnson, Reddy, 
Frasier and (.^handler. 

Education— Lawler, Murphy, Del Valle, Lynch, 
Harrigan, Perry and V'roonian. 

FishaiuKiame — Foster, Kelly, of Solano, Eng- 
lish, Chandler and Cox. 

Irrigation, Water Rights, Drainage and Min- 
ing Debris— English, Del Valle, Murphy, Wal- 
lis. Spencer, of Napa, Wolfskill, Whitney, Kel- 
logg, Cross. 

Swampand Overflowed Lands— Cox, Kelly, of 
Solano, Langford, Foster and Vrooman. 

Roads .hkI Highways — Langford, Reynolds, 
Knight, Steele, Taylor, Frasier, Filcher. 

Labor and Capital— Dougherty, Murphy, Cro- 
nan, Wolfskill, Chandler. 

Assembly Committees. 

Yoseniite Valley and Mariposa (Jrove of Big 
Trees and Forestry— Smith, Hunter, Healy, 
Faw, McKinley. 

Homestead and Land Monopoly — Wheat, 
Stewart, Hershey, Stephens, Lewi.soii, Mur- 
dock, O'Comun-. 

Water Rights and Drainage— Mathews, 
Beard, Wheat, Doty, Sweetland, Coombs, Far- 
ley, McClaskey, Walrath. 

Pulilic Lands — Coombs, Rowland, Peterson, 
Wheeland, McDonald, Rhiel, Hunter, AVeaver, 

Swamp and Overflowed Lands — Kerrick, 
Cutter, Coombs, Clark, Townseiid, Field, Ir- 
win, Harvey, Ryan. 

Roads and Highways— Nicol, Field, Crump- 
ton, Kerrick, McHale. 

Agriculture - Doty, Clark, Martin, HoUister, 
Carter, T'ortna, Rhiel. 

Agriculture, Mining and Mechanics' Arts 
College — Towiisend, Lewison, ("ary, Ker- 
rick, Sinon, Leverson, Stewart. 
♦ Internal Improvements-Rhiel, Hamilton, 
J'lynn, Clement, Hughes. 

Irrigation — Beard, Moffit, Faw, Parker, Terry, 
Reeves, Hall, Walratli, AVharton. 

County and Township (iovernments — John- 
son, McClaskey, Caininetti, Wheat, Townsend, 
Hollister, Walrath, Starke. 

Culture and Improvement of the Grape Vine — 
Head, Martin, Reeves, Hershey, Rhiel, Mur- 
phy, Wheat. 

I jEducation — Stork, Barry, Briceland, Lever- 
son, Faw, Hollister, Keeler. 

Fish and (iame— Moffitt, Smith, Coleman. 
Clark, Rowland, Crumpton, Peterson. 

En(!Lish Wheat Area Extendino. — It is 
an interesting fact that the wheat area in 
England, which for several years has been de- 
clining because of the little money which Eng- 
lish producers have found in wheat, has begun 
to.incrcase, the confidence in the cereal being 
apparently gaining strength. H. Haines .Jack- 
soii's figures on the British harvest place the 
wheat acreage for 1882 at 3,004,000, barley 
2,2.55,000, oats 2,833,000. These figures, as 
compared with those of 1881, show about 9% 
increase in wheat, 7.7% decrease in barley and 
2.3% decrease in oats. The gross yield of 
the English crop of wheat is placed at 10,208,- 
900 quarters, and including the Scotch, Irish 
and Welch yield, the grand total would be 11,- 
402,000. Taking out the seed and grain de- 
stroj'ed by the weather there wouUl be 10,412,- 
000 quarters for bread-making. The barh^y 
yield available for malting, feeding, etc., would 
be 10,400,000 quarters, and oats 23,400,000 

The Rates to Nkw Orleans. — Following is 
the rate of passage ovei' the Southern Pacific 
railroad from this city via El Paso, San An- 
tonio and Houston (Texas) to New Orleans: For 
first-class tickets, with stop-over privileges, 
$98..")0; for .second-class tickets, for a continu- 
ous trip, $80; for third-class tickets, for a con- 
tinuous trip, .$55. The following rates are now 
in effect for passage by lail from New Orleans, 
La., to New York City,N. Y. :Forflrst-c!asstick- 
ets, unlimited, according to route, .$.53.50 to 
$45.35; for first-class tickets, limited, and for 
continuous trip, all routes, $38; for second- 
class tickets, limited, for continuous tiip, all 
routes, $32.25; for third-cLuss tickets, limited, 
anil for continuous trip, all routes, $24.50. 

It is proposed to build a ship canal from At- 
lanta to the Gulf of Maxico, 

News in Brief. 

Thk Pension Appropriation bill, appropriat- 
$85,000,000 for pensions, passed the House 

Mks. Theodore Tilton recently sought and 
found employment as a nurse in a Brooklyn 
sick room. 

Fifteen matrimonial associations in Louisi- 
ana have been declared fraudulent by the Post- 
office Department. 

Before the end of January Vanderbilt starts 
for California with his sons and daughters and 
their wives and husbands. It will be purely a 
pleasure trip. 

A FOUR years' gas wai- in Los Angeles has 
been ended by an order of the City Council to 
the gas company to shut off' all street lights, the 
electric light having been substituted. 

Victoria is to have a .$40,000 tannery, and 
Portland is to liave a inammoth paper mill. 
The Pacific northwest is developing a great deal 
of enterprise. 

The Nortliei-n Pacific railroad has succeeded 
in preventing Congress from acting upon the 
resolution declaring forfeited their unearned 

The projioscd transfer of the Signal Service 
to the Interior Department is opposed by Gen- 
eral Hanzen, but favored by most of the ob- 

The Nevada Legislature has been wrestling 
with a bill intended to abolish the use of seals 
to legal documents. It is claimed that such 
things are out of date and of no earthly use. 

A (Jovernment Coast Survey .steamer is in 
Monterey, and will remain there about three 
months. It is intended to make a thorough 
survey of the harbor and bay of Monterey. 

The London Time.<, on the burning of the 
Newhall, at Milwaukee, says: It is a re- 
proach and shame to modern intelligence that 
nearly a hundred lives were lost, in sight of a 
crowd eager to aid, from want of effective me- 
chanical appliances. 

The Calif mnia representatives are very much 
annoyed at the action of the Ways and Means 
Committee in refusing them a hearing on the 
questions in relation to the tariff' of interest to 
their section of the country. They promise to 
make a fight for their interests when the bill 
comes up in the House. 

Don't Foroet the Stamf.— Much trouble 
and vexation sometimes results from forgetting 
to stamp letters as they are put into the catch- 
alls of the postoffiees. Such letters are "held 
for postage," and the writer wonders why his re- 
quests, etc., are not complied with. Some- 
times letters containing subscriptions or re- 
mittances are thus held in limbo, and if a 
reader should wish to stop his paper the 
postmaster will not let liim do it unless he puts 
on the stamp. AU ays take a last look at a 
letter before posting to see that the stamp is in 

Will Not Touch It.— We were gratified at 
seeing suspended over the butter counter, in 
Cluff' Brothers' store, on Montgomery avenue, 
San Francisco, this sign: "We don't sell oleo- 
margarine." Cluff Brothers ha\ e the reputa- 
tion of being square men, and when they say it 
they no doubt mean it. Now let all lionorarable 
grocerymen « ho wish to guard their customers' 
interests do likewise. Forswear tlie stuff, and 
it will soon fade away. 

Ensilaoe. — The second Ensilage Congress 
will meet at 55 Beekman street. New York, 
Wednesday, January 24th. Those interested 
are invited to attend and assist in the di.scussion 
of this subject. Those who spoke or wrote las-t 
year are retiue.sted to contribute any cliangecl 
opinion or iiicrease<l experience. Unveiling 
bust of Monsieur Auguste (Joffart at 12 o'clock. 
-J. B. JiRowN, Sec. 

Discoi'raoinc! Skunks. — A friend in Sauce- 
lito w ho has been sorely troubled with skunks 
under liis house, and after trying poison and 
traps in vain, procured a barrel of air-slakcil 
lime and scattered it freely on the ground 
wherever the tracks were seen under and around 
the house, and the skunks ha\c dit)iai-ted. It 
was evidently too warm for their feet. 

It is understood that the Secretary of the 
Navy has decided to four of the yards on 
the 31st of March. It is scttlc.l that tl'ic Wash- 
ington and Marc Island yards and one 
north and south of the Potomac will not be 

An Old Friend. — I have been a reader of the 
Press foi- the past nine years and find that I 
cannot well do without it. I wish you and 
your paper every success. -- Willis Newton, 
IjOs Angeles Co., Cal. 

Nellis' Floral and (!arden Instritctor. — 
A. C. Nellis, Canajoharic, N. Y., offers sixty 
dollars in cash prizes for those wlio have lettuce 
fit for table from one .sowing of "Nellis per- 
petual lettuce" seed. Any one who wishes to 
enter the contest should send for the catalogue 
named above. 

Canadian Hohticulti ke.— Those who arc 
desirous of information of the progress of hor- 
ticulture in the Dominion will find the Cana- 
dian lloiiicultarial, edited by D. W. Beadle, of 
St. Catharine's, Ontario, of much interest. 


[January 20, 1883 

Baby Charley. 

He's fast asleep. See how, O wile, 
Night's finger on the lip of life 
Bids wh'st the tongue, BO pratllc-rife, 
Of busy Baby Charley. 

One arm stretched backward round his held, 
Five li'tle toes from out the bed 
Just showirir, like five rose l u s red. 
So slumbers Baby Chirley. 

Ileaven-lights, I know, are beaming throu'fh 
Those lucent eyelids, veined with blue. 
That shut away from mortal view 
Large eyes of Baby Charley. 

sweet Sleep- Angel, throned now 
On the round glory i.f his brow. 
Wave thy win^ and waft my vow 

Breathed over Biby Charley. 

1 vow that ray heart, when death Is nigh. 
Shall never shiver with a sigh 

For act of hand or tongue or eye 
That wronged my Baby Charleyl 

- Sidnfti l.anier. 

California's Poet, 

He c ju'd not be among those mighty men. 
The Argonauts- their poem was the Stau ; 
Their hands were wed to pick and pan, and fate 

Gave not to them to wield the slender pen. 

jN'or yet can we that followed, when 
The way was easy through the Oolden Gate, 
The glories of the western land relate; 

Tbej lia around us, but our thoughts again 

Turn backward to the home of younger days, 
We cannot love the old and new theeam". 
But from her child en one shall rise ere long 

To give her mystic legends fitting lays, 
To mak3 her birds and flowers known to fame, 
And match her mountains with his lofty song. 

Charles S. Grecnf, in Oferland. 

Idle Hands. 

Mr. Thornton returned home at his usual 
luirhlay hour, and as he passe<l the parlor door 
he saw liis daughter, a young lady of nineteen, 
lounging on the sofa with a book in her hand. 
The wliirr of his wife's sewing machine struck 
on his ears at the .same moment. Without 
pausing at tlie parlor door, he kept on to the 
room from wliicli came tlie sound of industry. 

Mrs. Thornton did not o))serve the entrance 
of her liusUand. She was handing close down 
over her work, and the noise of lier machine 
Mas louder tlum his footsteps on the floor. Mr. 
Thornton stood looking at lier some time with- 
out speaking. 

"Hh dear,"" exclaimed the tired woman, let- 
ting lier foot I'cst u])on tlie treadle, and straight- 
ening lierselfup, "this jiaiii in my side is almost 
lieyond eiuliirance. '' 

"Then why do you sit killing yourself there?" 
said Mr. Thornton. 

.Mr. Tliorn tun's aspect was unusually sober. 

"Wliat's the matter? Why ilo you look so 
serious'/ " asked liis wife. "Has anything gone 
"wrong?" Mrs. Tlioriiton's countenance grew 
Klightly troubled. Things had gone wrong in 
lier liushaiid's business more than once, and she 
liad learned the occurence of disaster. 

"Things are M'rong all the time," lie replied, 
in some impatience of manner. 

"In your business?" Mrs. Tiiornton spoke 

"No, nothing especially out of the way there; 
)>iit it s wrong at home." 

"I don't understand you what is the mat- 
ter, pray?" 

"Wrong for you to sit in pain and exhaustion 
civer that sewing machine, while an idle daugh- 
ter lounges over a novel in the parlor. Tiiat's 
wliat I wisli to say." 

"It isn't Ktlie's fault. She often .isks to help 
me. But I can't see the child put <lown to 
household drudgery. Her time will come soon 
enough. J^et her have a little ease and comfort 
while she may."' 

"If we s;iid aliout our sons," replied Mr. 
Thornton, ".iml acted on the word, wliat efti- 
cient men tliey would make for life's trials and 
duties 1 V(m are wrong in tliis all wrong, and 
if EHie is a right-niinded girl, slie will have 
more true enjoyment in the consciousness that 
slie is lightening her mother's burdens it 
is possil)le to obtiiin from the finest novel ever 
w ritten. It is a poor com)>linient to Kttie's 
moral sense to suppose that she c;in lie con- 
tented to sit witli idle liaiids, while her mother 
is worn down with toil beyond her strength. 
Hester, it should not be. ' 

"And it shall not be 1" said a ijiiick, tirm 

Mr. Thornton and his wife started, and turned 
to tlic speaker, who had entered the room un- 
observed, and had been a listener to nearly all 
the conversation we have recorded. 

"It shall not lie ! " and KlKe came and stood 
l>en<le Mr. Thornton. Her face was crimson; 
her eyes flooded with tears, tlirough wliich 
light was flashing. 

"Its's not all my fault," she said. "I've 
asked mother a great many times to let me lielp 
lier, but she always puts me off, and says it's 
easier to do a tiling herself tliaii to show an- 
other. Maybe I'm a little dull luit every one 

has to learn, you know. Mother didn't get her 
hand in fairly with that machine for two or 
three weeks; I am certain that it won't take me 
any longer. If she'd only teach me lio«- to use 
it I could help her a great deal, and, indeed, 
father, I am willing." 

"Spoken in the right spirit, my daughter,'' 
said Mr. Thornton, approvingly. "Girls 
should be as useful as boys, an<l in the very 
things most likely to be reijuired of tlieni when 
they become women in the responsible positions 
of "wives and mothers. Habit and skill will 
make easy what migiit come hard and be felt as 
verj" burilensoiiie. " 

"And you would have her abandon all self- 
improvement," said Mrs. Thornton, "(iive up 
music, reading, society,—"' 

"There are," s<^id Mr. Thornton, as his wife 
paused for another word, "some things liesides 
the calls of fashion which should be attended 
to. My daughter, how did you spend the day 

"I rose at seven," replied Kffie, "and after 
making my toilet and lireakfasting, I practiced 
two hours on the piano. It was then 11."" 

Mr. Thornton shook his head and iiu|uired: 

"After 11 o'clock how Mas tlie time spent?" 

"I dressed myself and Meiit out a httle after 

"An hour spent in dressing?" 

"Yes, sir." 

"Wliere did you go?" 

"I called on Ilelen Boyd, and M'e took a M'alk 
doM-n Broadway." 

"And came home in time for<linner? I think 
I met you at the door. " 

"Yes, sir." 

"How was it after dinner?" 

"I slept from <i until .5, and then took a bath 
and dressed myself. From (i until tea time I 
sat at the parlor wLndow . "" 

"And after tea?" 

"Bead the CaruUer till I went to bed." 
"At M-hat h(mr?"' 
"Eleven o'clock." 

"NoM- M-e can make up the account," said 
Mr. Thornton. 

"You rose at 7 and retired at 11 - Ifi hours. 
And, from your omu account of the day. but two 
houi-s were spent at anything useful — these M-ere 
at the piano. NoM", your mother was up at Si.TO, 
and Meiit to bed from her sheer inability to 
work any longer at !l:30 — 10 hours for lier also. 
How niucli reading did you do in that time '/" 

And Mr. Tiiornton looked at his M-ife. 

"Don't talk to me of reading. I've no time 
to read," Mrs. Thornton ansM-ered, rather im- 

"And yet," said Mr. Thornton, "you Mere 
always fond of reading, and I can renieml>er 
M hen no day M-ent by M'ithout an hour or tM'o 
sjxuit with your books. Diil you lie down after 
dinner ? " 

"Of course not." 

"And you didn't take a pleasant walk doM'n 
Broadway, nor sit at the jiarlor wiiidoM' with 
EtHe ? How about that ?" 

There uivs no reply. 

"Now the case is a plain one," continued Mr. 
Thornton. "In fact nothing could be plainer. 
Yon spend from 14 to Iti liours a day in hard 
work, while Efiie, taking yesterday as a sam- 
ple, spends .about the same time in what is lit- 
tle better than idleness. Suppose a new adjust- 
ment M ere to take phice, ,iiul KHie to be use- 
fully emjiloycd helping you eight hours of each 
day, she Mould still have ciglit hours left for 
self imjirovement and recreation; and you, re- 
lieveil from your overtasked condition, might 
get back some of your healtli and sj)iiits, of 
M hich tliese too heavy duties have robbed you.'' 

"Father," said Eftie, speaking tlirough her 
tears that Mere falling over her face, "I never 
.saw things in this light. Why haven't you 
talked to me before ? I've often felt as if I'd 
like to help her; she says that 'you can't do 
it; I'd rather do it myseU.' Indeed, father, it 
isn't all my fault." 

"It may not h.ave been in the Eflie," re- 
plied Mr. T)iornt<m. "but it certainly Mill lie in 
the future, unless there is a new arrangement 
of things. It is a false social sentiment that 
lets daughters become idlers, Mhile mothers, 
fathers and sons take up the clailj' bunlen and 
bear it through all the business lionre. " 

Mrs. Thornton did not come gracefully into 
the new order of things proposed by lier hus- 
band and accepteil by Ethe. l'"al»e priile in her 
daughter, that future lady ideal, and an incli- 
nation to do herself rather than to take the 
trouble to teach ;iiiotlier. M ere all so many im- 
|icdinients. I'ut Ktiie ami her father were both 
ill earnest, and it w as not long before the over- 
tasked mother's Meary face began to lose its 
look of Meal iness, and her languid frame to 
come up to an erect liearing. She could And 
time for the old pleasure in l«)oks, iiom and 
tlieii for a liealthy Malk in the streets, and a 
call on some valued frienil. Si/lin<jK : A merchant ad\ crti.sed for a 
colored man to drive a delivery wagon. "What's 
de wages ?" asked the tii-st one mIio applieil. 
"Fifteen dollars a month." "Boss, 1 can't 
get fat on dat salary. " "I don't M ant you to 
get fat. I've got no use for a fat ilriver. It 
Mouhl break doM'ii the horse f<ir him to have to 
pull "J.'iO H's. of nigger up and down these steep 
hills we have in Austin.'' Tlie aiijilicant sighed 
like a broken-winded horse, and said as he Meiit 
out : "Ef I'se a memlier of the next Legisla- 
ture, lioss, hits all your fault for not gibin me a 
chance to ijuit de slums of jiolitical life and ele- 
vate myself socially on tlie front seat ob a de- 
libery wagon," 


KniTOKs [^1'rk.s.s:- "Castle Keep," beside tlie 
deep Maters of the lieautiful lake Tahoe, stands 
silent and lone. Left to the tender mercies of 
the softly-falling snoM-s, subject to the curiosity 
of nothing-to-ilo bipeds m Iio roam the moun- 
tains on snow shoes, hoping the "grub MOn t 
give out." No cheerful blazes, bright light and 
home comfort M'ithin, but without the 
jierfectness of rugged, grand, M'ihl na- 
ture remains unchanged. We parted. 
The deluge of tears counted and reg- 
istered. Here the grass gi'ows, floMers bloom, 
birds sing, and mother made a snoM ball M ith one 
liand and gathered roses M'ith the other, during 
our holiday siiOM stonn, the remains of M'hich are 
plainly to be seen on the distant mountain sides. 
Truly, it did seem queer; roses and oranges try- 
ing to get from under five inches of siiom-. 
Giant 'Water Lily. 

^Ve have just been enjoying I'aiil Miircoy's 
description of the giant water lily t Virloria rc- 
ijia), groM'ing in hike Nuna, I'eru. One of the 
leaves measured '24 ft. 9^ inches in circumfer- 
ence, and Mcighed between 1.1 and 14 !t>s. .Just 
to think of a lily pad large ciKmgh to carpet a 
good-sized bed room floor. One of the bio soms 
measured four feet two inches round it. weigh- 
ing between three and four jxiuiids. The out- 
side jietals were full nine inches in length. Chie 
Mould have to build a house to accommodate a 
boui|uet of such lilies. 

Poison Oak. 

We shall soon Ix'gin to of ilelightful pic- 
nics out in the country among the roses, but 
never a Monl about the poison oak or the eyes 
shut by its beautiful ilrea<l presence. We knoM' 
the pain and scratching, for we Ment, saw and 
Mere coiuiuered. By accident m c found a very 
simple remedy. Try out a small piece of mutton 
suet; into the hot fat put all the camphor gum it 
will hold in solution, also a fcM- drops of some 
essential oil, as citronella or Mintergreen ; then 
pour in a mould or cup to cool. Before going 
out Mhere any plants groM-. Mann this cam- 
phor ice by holding it over a lamp or light; put 
a thin coat over face, neck, haiuls and anns. 
Be very tliorough; it does not show or look 
greasy. Have used it for years, anil never suf- 
fered from the poison since. M. E. O. W. 

St. Helena, Cal. 

Hints for Love Making. 

First catch jour lover. 

Hold him M'hen you have him. 

Don't let go of him to catch every new one 
that conies along.. 

Try to get pretty well acquainted M'ith him 
before you take him for life. 

Unless you intend to support him, find out 
whether he earns enough to support you. 

Don't make up your mind that he is an angel. 

Don't palm yourself ott' on him ;i« one either. 

Don't let him spenil his salary on you; that 
right should be reserved till after marriage. 

If yon have con.scientious scruples against 
marrying a man with a mother, say so in time, 
that lie may get rid of her to oblige you, or get 
rill of you to oblige her, as he thinks best. 

If you object to secret societies and tobacco, 
it is better to come out M'ith your objections 
noM' than to reserve them for curtain lectures 

if your adorer happens to fancy a certain 
shade of hair, don't color or bleach to oblige 
him. Kemeiiiber your hair lielongs to you, and 
he doesn't. 

Be very sure it is a man you are in love M'ith, 
and not the clothes he Mears. Fortune and 
fashion are both so flckle it is fiwdish to take a 
stylish suit for better or Moi-se. 

If you intend to keep three servants after 
marriage settle the matter beforehand. The man 
who is making love to you may expect you to do 
your OM'n Mashing. 

Don't try to hurry up a pro)>osal by carrying 
on a flirtiition M'ith some other felloM'. Ditt'er- 
eiit men are made of ilitt'erent material, and the 
one you want may go off in a fit of jealousy and 
forget to come back. 

If you have a love-letter to write don't copy 
it out of a "Letter Writer." If your young 
man ever happened to consult the same 
book he M ould knoM your sentiments are bor- 

Don't marry a man to oblige any third iierson 
in existence. It is your right to suit yourself in 
the matter. But remember at the same time 
that love is blind, and a little friendly advice 
from one whose advice is worth having may in- 
sure you a lifetime of happiness or jirevent one 
of misery. 

In love affairs alMays keep your eyes wide 
open so that M'hen the right man comes along 
you may see him. 

When you do see him j'ou will recognize him 
and the recognition Mill lie mutual. 

If you have no fault to find m ith him person- 
ally, financially, conscientiously, socially, mor- 
ally, politically, religiously or any other way, 
he is probably perfect enough to suit you, and 
you can att'ord to — 

Believe him; 

Hope in him; 

Love him; 

Marry him ! 

The fool howleth against his mother-in-laM- 
and dietli of dyspepsia; the M'ise man sendeth 
for her, and she teaches his darling little tootsy- 
M'ootsy hoM' to cook. 


At a dinner party the little son of the host 
and hostess m.-is alloweil to come doM ii to des- 
sert. Having M-hat his mother considered 
a sufficiency of fruit, he M-as told he must not 
have any more, M'hen, to the surprise of every 
one of the guests, he exclaimed: "If you don't 
give me some more I'll tell !" Mliereupon he 
Mas suddenly and SM'iftly removed from the 
room, but he had just time to convulse the coni- 
pajiy by exclaiming: "My new trousers are 
made out of ma's old bed-room curtains." 

Baby has lieen forbidden to ask for des'sert. 
The other day they forgot to serve him, and as 
baby is very obedient, he remained silent, al- 
though much affected, ".losejihine," said the 
father, "p,iss mc a plate.'' "Won't you have 
mine, papa? " cried baby; "it's very clean." 

A MOM.XN may not l>e able to Hhiirjien a {jencil 
or throM' a stone at a hen, but she can jiack 
more articles into a trunk than a man can in :i 
one horse M agon. 

"OvT of the frying pan, etc." Parson (to ne'er 
do-M'eel): "What's this I hear, (iiles that 
your M'ife has left you ? Ah ! this is M'hat I"— 
(tiles: "She might do Morse than that, sir." 
Parson (shocked) "Worse I" (iiles: "She 
might come back .igain."— P/(hcA. 

1 M 11 v 1 1 II' A I, ( stejipiiig into M'itness box ) : "As 
I Mas going liDiiu- la.-it iii^^ht, your Morshij), 
.somebody fired a iiistol. and the s^iot Ment right 
through my hat." M.agistrate (impatiently): 
"Tut, tut! My gixxl man, that's nothing. 
Wait till you get one in your head, then Me 
Mill go into the matter. Next case." 

Thk feet of Chinese girls are no longer cramp- 
ed to make them small. American shoes find a 
market in China, and it has been discovered 
that the French heel is torture enough. 

,S.\iii a little Brooklyn boy the other day, 
"We don't have many nice things to eat at our 
house, but mother has about l,') or Ki cooked 
books. " 

AN.t:.sTiiKTlc Bi'LLETS. — A OeiTiian chemist 
has invented a ncM' kind of bullet, M'hich, he 
urges, M ill, if brought into general use, greatly 
diminish, if not altogether remove, the horroi-s of 
Mar. The bullet is of a brittle substance, break- 
ing directly as it comes in contact m ith the ob- 
ject at M'hich it is aimed. It contains a jiower- 
ful aniesthetic, producing instantaneously com- 
plete insensibility, lasting for tMelve hours, 
M'hich, except that the action of the heart con- 
tinues, is not to be distinguished from death. 
A battle field M'liere these liiillcts are used Mill 
in a short time lie apparently covered M'ith dead 
bodies, but in reality merely M'ith the prostrate 
forms of soldiers reduced for the time being to 
a state of unconsciousness. While in tliisciii- 
ilition they may, the (ierman jioinls 
out, be carefully packed in anibulaiice M'agons 
and carried ofl' as prisoners. Whole cities may 
in a like manner be reduced to lielplessness by 
means of shells charged Mith the sjinie com- 
pound. The ana-sthetic bullet is also strongly 
recommended to the burglar and to the 
hohler, no risk of hanging being involved by 
its use. 

How Til KK BkattikI'L. The Special fa.scina- 
tion of Mrs. Langtry is said to be that she "looks 
so well washed and clean, just like a child out 
of a bath." NoM', this is Mortliy of note, for a 
celebrated old beauty, M'hose conqilexion at 60 
was fresher than most M onieii at .'{(), tidd me her 
secret this summer, and it Mils divided into tMo 
parts: First, she never lused wash-rag or towel 
on her face, but M'aslied it with her hands, rins- 
ing it off M'ith a .soft sponge. .She used clear 
M ater in the morning, but M'hite rastile soap or 
very Mann water .at night, and. after drying it 
on a soft towel, she would take a flesh brush 
and rub her cheeks, chin and forehead. Second, 
if she was going to be up late at night, she al- 
ways slept as many hours in the day iis she ex- 
pected to be awake beyond her usual time. She 
finished her little ^el■mon on beauty ] r, servation 
by saying: ".Soft<.ater .mil sound sleep keep 
off' M l inkles and spots, and girls shouhl give 
more attention to this lhaii they do, for 
•With the coming of the crow'i feet 
Is the going of the beaux fe< t ' ' • 

Wk.xhini; X.ati'Ral Flom'kks. — A St. Louis 
florist says: Probably more, l.ailies would 
wear natural floMers if they knew Iiom- to 
fix them on tlie corsage or belt without danger 
of stiiiiiing the dress by moistute from the 
stems. How can it be done? E;isily enough, 
where the spray has a backgriuind of feni or 
sinihix, neither of M'hich is moist. Roses. ca>-- 
natioiis and the bouvardia, tliat spiked floMcr 
that looks like jessamine, never stain. \\\y or 
all of these placed on smilax, for iiustance, the 
ends w rapped in tinfoil, could be Mom w ith 
safety, though a soft handkerchief might 1 e 
placed beneath for jirotection. If the spray 
sliould be at all damp' laying it on Mliite iin- 
glazed jiaper will .soon absorb the moisture. 
Corsage bouquets are placed M'ith the point 
doMU. AVith a little care those flowers could 
be M'oni on any dre.s». 

TiiK (Jrowtii of LAVorAiiK. - Human laii- 
gu.iges ap|)ear to have grown like trees in a 
M'ood, which in the first stage are as iiiimerons 
as iiossible, but are soon reduced to a few indi- 
viduals, of which a very small nuinlier att<tiii 
their full term of life. Numerous as were at 
first the local manifestations of human beings, 
the primordial langu.ages were as inuumerable, 
— M. Julieii ViHZOii. 

January 20, 1883.] 

^OUJ^G ]]E{0LKS' C[0LUjVIN. 


Susie's Fun. 

fWrilteo f»r the Rural Pkjbs by 1. H.] 

"Mean old thing, slie just don't want us to 
have any fun." 

And Susie turned away witli such a scowl on 
iier face that you would not have believed she 
could ever look pleasant. 

Now, what do you think was the matter ? A 
week before Susie had come with her motlier 
and her two little sistei's to pay a visit to a 
friend in the country. It was summer time, and 
the children were as happy as the day was long. 
Close lieside the house there was an orcliard 
where the peai;hes, plums and pears were hang- 
ing ripe upon the trees, and they had permis- 
sion to gather and eat just as many as they 
chose. Then they had only to go through tlie 
orchard and down the bank and there w as the 
creek with its clear Itright water rippling over 
the pebbles and little minnows darting here and 
tliere, and in tlie warm afternoons they were 
sometimes .allowed to take otf their slioes and 
stockings and w.adc in the water and try to 
catch tlie little fish. 

But to-day mamma had gone away to make 
some calls and the cliildren were left in the care 
of Maria, the hired girl. A very nice girl she 
was too, not a "mean old thing" by any means, 
as Susie had called her. She had made the 
nicest pudding for dinner because little Rose 
had asked her, and had baked a whole pan of 
cunning little heart-sh.aped cookies, and she had 
let Susie help^her with tlie churning, and had 
taken Lily to the l)arn to look for eggs. But 
after dinner the children wanted to go into the 

"No," said Maria, "not to-day. 1 am afraid 
you would take cold, there is such a cool breeze 
blowing. " 

"Mamma let us go yesterday," said Susie, 
beginning to pout. 

"I know she did, but it was a very warm day. " 
"W'ell, then, we will go up to the top of the 
hill," said tile little girl. 

"Indeed you won't, for 1 have got my ironing 
to do, and I can't go with you." 

"Why can't we go alone?" jiersisted Susie. 
"Because you might fall down and break your 
necks; the hill is too steep for cliildren to go up 
there by thcin-selves. " 

Antl then it was that Susie went off in a pet, 
thinking herself very badly treated. Kose aiul 
Lily, who were twins and two years younger 
tlian Susie, were apt to do whatever she did, so 
they too looked very cross as they walked out 
of tlie kitchen. But Maria called them back. 
"Come liere, babies," she said, "I will give you 
some cookies and a little pail of milk ami you 
can go and have a pai'ty under tlie big apple 
tree by tlie bridge." 

Botli the little girls brightened up at once, 
and wlieii Maria had given tiiem a paper bag of 
cookies and the milk in a little covered tin pail, 
and two bright tin cups to drink out of, she 
went back to her ironing, thinking they were 
safe and happy. 

But unfortunately Susie was a very obstinate 
little girl. When she got a notion into her head 
it was very hard for anyone else to get it out: 
and now she had madi' up her min<l tliat there 
was no fun to be found anywhere but in the 
creek, or on top of the high hill that overlooked 
the house. So she turned up her nose at the 
idea of having a party under the apple tree. 

"I'll tell you what," she said to tlie little sis- 
ters; "we'll go up the hill, anyhow, and have a 
party there. Maria isn't our mother, we don't 
have to mind her. '' 

Now, I am (juite sure Susie knew very well 
that she ought to obey Maria when her mother 
was away, but, right or wrong, she was deter- 
miii(!(l to climb the hill, and she wanted to per- 
suade the other children that there was no harm 
in going with her. They were easily persiuided, 
and off they all started at once. The hill \\ as 
very steep on the side nearest the house, but 
Susie had gone up to the top with her father 
a year before, and she knew that there was an 
easier iMth on the other si<le, and by that she led 
the little girl.s, telling them what a nice place it was 
where they were going, and what fun it would 
be to shout for Maria and .see her surprise when 
she should look up anil see them there. 

Still the way seemed long and rough to the 
little ones, and it was only by much coaxing and 
by carrying lioth the milk-|)ail and the cookies 
that .Susie prevented them turning back. At 
last they reached the top, tired and breathless, and 
threw themselves down on the grass to rest. 

"I don't think this is nice at all," said Lily, 
■"it's awful cold. ' 

,So it was; a chilly wind was blowing, and 
once, when Susie had promised them the sight 
of white sails on the bay, there was nothing to 
be seen but a heavy bank of fog. 

".lust you come here and look down," Susie 
said; "tlii'ie, doesn't every thing look little and 
cunning And indeed the house did seem like 
a nest hidden amongst the trees. 

"It's very steep, ' said Rose, drawing back 
with a shiver. "Suppose we should all go roll- 
ing down there. " 

"Suppose we shouldn't," .Susie answered 
crossly, vexed with her little sisters and with 
herself. She half wished they were safely liack 
in tlie orchard. After all her excursion was not 
turning out well. 

"Sit down here," she said, "and we can have 
our party and then call Maria," 

"I'm going to divide' the cookies, she gave 
them to me," said Rose, as she reached over for 

"No, you're not, I'm the oldest," said Susie, 
holding on to it. 

Rose leaned across Lily to make another 
snatch at the cakes, lost her balance, and in a 
single moment both the little sisters were I'oll- 
ing down the steep hill. 

Susie sprang to her feet and gave one wild, 
pierciiig scream, then, without thinking, she 
started to run after them. Away she went, 
faster and faster; she could see nothing of the 
little ones, and, to her great terror, she found 
that she could not stop herself. Presently she 
trod on a loose stone, her ankle turned un<ler 
her, and she fell. But still she did not stop — 
down, down she went rolling, bumping her 
head against the stones, scratching her face, 
too breathless to scream, and only sure of one 
thing, that she would never reach the bottom 
of the hill alive. 

She did, however, and there she lay, unalile 
to move, when Maria, who had heard the shriek 
she gave from the top of the hill, came running 
through the orchard, frightened half out of her 

"Oh! child, child, wh.athave you been doing?"' 
she exclaimed, and then .seeing that poor Susie 
was only gasping and could not speak, she ran 
back to the house for water. When she re- 
turned with it she bathed the child's head and 
face, poured a little into her mouth, and very 
soon Susie wasf so far recovered that she was able 
to cry, which she did with a hearty good will. 

"Where are the little ones?" saiil Maria, who 
thought if she could cry she must be able to 

"I don't know,'' sobbed Susie. "They rolled 
down the hill and I ran after them." 

"They rolle<l down the hill!" cried Maria, in 
reneweil terror. "Where are they, then?" 

"I don't know; they must bo dead," said Susie 
with a fresh outburst of tears. 

"Dead!" said Maria, "if they were dead they 
would not be eaten up, would they? 1 don't be- 
lieve they rolled down the hill at all, or they 
would be here. Where were you?" 

"Right up there; we were going to call you 
and see how surprised you'll be." 

"I think that .somebody else got the surprise, " 
said Mai'ia severely. "Now you sit there while 
I go and find thein." 

There was nothing else for Susie to do; her 
foot was so painful that she could not stand, but 
it seemed a long, long time till Maria returned 
leading the two little girls safe and unhurt. 
They had rolled but a very short distance when 
they were stopped by a small ash tree which 
stood on a little level spot. I'oor Susie, running 
with headlong speed, had passed them by with- 
out seeing them, and Rose and Lily, frightened 
by her disappearance, wi.sely remained 
where they were till Maria appeared to rescue 
them. They were inclined to laugh at the whole 
adventure now that they were safely down, liut 
not so was Susie. She was sobbing dolefully 
when they ap))eared. 

"My leg's broke, I know my leg's broke !" 
she said, as She stood up, "I can't take two 
steps. " 

"Your leg's not broken at all," sard Maria; 
"if it were you could not stand on it. "I'll 
carry you to the house, and then we can see 
what is the matter." 

It was only a sprained ankle, as they soon 
discovered; but to Susie that seemed bad 
enough. For it meant no more running about 
for the rest of the time she should be in the 
country; no more wading in the creek; no 
climbing the hill with papa when he should 
come to take tliein home. 

So it was a lieart-liroken little girl mannna 
found lying on the lounge when she came home. 
She was far too miserable to tell her own stoi'y 
or make any excuses for herself when Rose and 
Lily told theirs. 

" 'Ria told us not to go up there, mamma, 
but Susie said we didn't have to mind her 
'cause she isn't our mother; and so we all went 
just for fun; and then we rolled over and .Susie 
came after us and the tree stopped us, and we 
could see her going down, down, down, just 
like a big ball. " 

Mamma did not say much; she was not given 
to scolding, and she was very thankful that her 
little girls had not been killed. She bathed and 
bandaged the poor swollen little foot and wiped 
away the tears from the aching eyes, and com- 
forted Susie with the hope that it would not be 
.so very long before she could run about again. 
But the next day she had a serious talk with her 
little daughter, and I think Susie thoroughly 
understood how naughty she had been in refus- 
ing to obey Mai ia when left in her care, and in 
leading the younger childjen into piischief. 
Maria was very kind to her w liile she was laid 
up, and made all kinds of nice little pies and 
cakes for her, helped her to make a patch-work 
quilt for her doll, and carried her from one room 
to another a dozen times every day. And one 
day before she went home Susie .said to her, of 
her own free will: "Maria, I'm awfully .sorry 
Ibehaved so bad; I know 1 ought to have minded 
you just the same as mamma when she was gone; 
and I've found out now there isn't any fun at 
all in doing what you're told not to do." 

A lesson which I hope otlier little girls may 
learn w ithout rolling down a steep hill and get- 
ting a sprained ankle. 

Walnut Creek. 

iSTI© €(©OjSIOJVlY. 

"Weight" in the Stomach. 

I frequently meet a case of indigestion, the 
most marked feature of which is what the pa- 
tient calls "weight in the stomach." Some- 
times it is spoken of as a pressure, and again as 
stricture, but the most common word is wchjhf. 
Sometimes the patient will say, "It seems to 
me I have a stone or a m.ass of iron;" and one 
lady said, the other day, "I have an iron wedge 
in my stomach." Generally these sufferers at- 
tribute the sensation to the weight of food. A 
clergyman said, "I suppose my stomach has 
become sensitive to pressure, and the food press- 
ing upon the surface which has become so ten- 
der produces this sensation of weight." This 
explanation is entirely at fault. Instead of be- 
ing produced by the presence of a heavy mass 
in the stomach, in its most intense and unbeara- 
ble forms, I have found that it does not appear 
in connection with a full meal, but is much 
more likely to come on after eating a few mouth - 
fuls of cracker or fine Hour Vireail, or a single 
hot biscuit. The patient may have ground it 
between his teeth with the greatest care, but, 
soon after swallowing, this sensation of weight 
appears. More frequently, however, there 
seems to be no connection whatever with the 
presence of food in the stomach. The sensation 
is not produced so much by what is in the stom- 
ach as by certain conditions of the w.alls of the 
stomach itself; in brief, it is jiroduced by con- 
gestion of the walls of the organ. Accompany- 
ing this congestion there is generally an ;ulhe- 
sive mucus poured out which sticks to the inner 
coat. I may add that this sensation of weight 
is nearly always a little to the right of the pit 
of the stomach, and that it is found that the 
congestion and adhesive mucus, which seem to 
stand in the I'elation of cause to this sensation, 
are found at the right or pyloric extremity of 
the stomach. 

This sensation of weight is not relieved by 
stimulus. If it was produced by a load of food 
pressing upon the weakened walls of the stom- 
ach, a glass of whisky or wine would afford at 
least a tempory relief, whereas it is found that 
the employment of alcoholic di-iiiks only in- 
creases the trouble. Indeed, drunkards suffer 
more intensely from this sensation of "weight 
in the stomach ' than any other class of dys- 

The most striking relief, for the time being, is 
obtained from hot fomentations over the pit of 
the stomach. A mustard poultice applied o\ er 
the stomach is very effectual. — Dr. W. Lcirix. 

Buckwheat Cakes. 

If jou fine buckwheat cakes would make 

OiiB quart of buckwheat flour take; 

Four lablespoontuis then of yeast; 

Of salt one teaspoontul at least; 

One handful fndfan meal and two 

Good tablespoonfula of real New 

Orleans moIa?ses; then enongh 

Watm water to make of the stuff 

A batter thin. Beat very well; 

Set it to liae where wnrmth dothdwell, 

If, in the morning, it should be 

The least lit sour, stir in free 

A vey little soda that 

Is first disBOlved iu water hot. 

Mix in an earthen crock, and leave 

Each morn a cupful in to give 

A sponge for the next night, so you 

Neid not get f esh yeait to renew 

In weather cold this plan may be 
Pursued ten days S'lccessfully, 
Proiiding you add every night 
Flour, saif, molasses, meal in tight 
Proportions, beating as before, 
And setting it to rise once more. 
When baking make of generous size 
Your cakes; and if they'd take the prize 
Thev must be light acd nicely bro«ned. 
Then by your husband you'll be crowned 
(^lueen i f the kitchen; but 5 0u'il bake, 
And he will, man-like, "take the cake." 

— SoriisUnvn Herald. 

Causes of — A reporter visited Mr. 
Brewer's Academy, at San Mateo, at the time of 
the death of Ashley Oldham, of (iilroy, one of 
the pupils. As there were some cases cf diph- 
theria in the school, the eye of tlie reporter was 
led to notice the superabundant shade of trees 
and shrubs which shut out the sunlight from 
the premises and causeil unwholesome vapors 
from the irrigated grounds to produce diseased 
germs. In his judgment, this was the cause of 
sickness at that pleasantly -situated institution. 
A few ilays since we were driving on the San 
.Juan road iind noticed the surroundings of the 
residence of the Allen family, in which tliere has 
recently been one fatal case of (juinsy and a re- 
ported case or two of diphtheria. On the south 
side of the house, a few feet distant from it, is 
a corral where scores of cows st.and at milking 
time, and where they leave their fecal matter to 
dry in the sun and poison the air. This foul, 
diseasedireeding air is wafted by the southern 
breeze into the house, where the sick try to live 
ofl' its effects by the aid of medicine and the 
daily visits of the doctor, which extend over 
weeks and months. The suffering inmates want 
pure air. Move them, and the house with them, 
to the tine elevation some few hundred yards 
to the west, and in a short time they will be 
able to "throw physic to the dogs." — fiilroy 

C.\RB0HC' Acid for Diphtheria.— In a com- 
munication to the Chicago J/('(//cf</ Joiiriiol, Dr. 
Mcfiill describes a method of treating diptlici'ia, 
from which he has secured far better results 
than from any other. He uses an ordinary hose, 
from two to five feet long and about one inch in 
diameter. One end of this is placed over the 
spout of a coninion tcii kettle, into which has 
lieen put half a gallon of w.ater ;ind half an 
ounce of carbolic acid; the kettle is then placed 
on the stove over a good tire, and when the wa- 
ter reaches tlie boiling point the end of the hose 
is carried under ;i blanket throw n over the \ a- 
tieiit's head. 'I'he room must be closed. In a 
short time the patient will perspire freely. If 
persevered in at shoit intervals, the breathing 
lieeomes softer, and presently, after a succession 
of quick, expulsive efforts, the patient throws 
off a coat or tube of false membrane. 'The acid 
vapor seems to prevent the reformation of exu- 
dations. Alcohol and sulphate of (juinine are 
used in conjunction with the acid for the sup- 
porting properties. 

Apple Desskrt. —Pare smoothly half a dozen 
good sized tart apples, scoop out the cores; boil 
the apples in sugar and water until they are 
soft enough to be pierced with a lii'oom splint, 
but be careful to have them keep their shape. 
When you cut out the cores cut out a little less 
than one-third of the apple; separate it from 
the core, and, after stewing it, mix it with some 
cohl boiled rice, the yolks of two eggs, sugar 
and spice to suit your taste. AVhen the apples 
are done till the centers of the apjiles with the 
rice, etc. ; beat the whites of the two eggs to a 
stifi' froth, adding the two talilcspooiifuls of 
powdered sugar as you beat them; put a spoon- 
ful of this on the top of each apple, and send to 
the table. These are delicious, either warm or 
cold. ' 

Applk Ch aklottf,. — Butter aplain mould and 
line it with thin .slices of day-old loaf of liread 
dipiied in melted butter, joining each slice 
neatly to prevent the filling from escaping, 
which vould spoil the ;ippearance of the Char- 
lotte when done; then fill the mould with apple 
marmalade and apricot jam; co\ er the tfrp with 
slices of bread dipped into butter, and on the 
top of the bread put a plate with a weight on 
it; set the mould in a quick oven from three- 
quarters of an hour to one hour, according to 
the size; tiii'ii it out with care, having drained 
.any butter from it V)efore it is taken from the 
mould; sift sugar over it, or cover it with apri- 
cot marmalade or with clear jelly, and serve 

Lkmon PiKDiNi:. — Take one lemon, squeeze 
the juice out and peel the rind very thin; then 
cut up fine; beat the yolks of four fresh eggs to 
a cream, add four ounces granulated sugar, and 
four ounces fresh butter which has been melted, 
taking care not to allow it to run to oil; when 
well mixed, add the lemon-juice and rind. Lino 
an earthenware or tin liaking-shapo with rich 
tlake paste, raising the edge with a second row 
of paste; bake until half cooked, then pour in 
the pudding, atid cover to prevent its being 
browned; a few minutes cook the pudding, 

Marble Cake. — One cup molasses, two cup.-* 
flour, one-half cup butter, one-third cup of 
sweet milk, yolks of three eggs, one even tea- 
spoon soda, cinnamon and cloves to tastci 
White part — One-half cup butter, one-half cup 
sweet milk, one cup of sugar, two cujis flour, 
white of three eggs, one-half teaspoon of soda, 
one heaping teaspoon cream tartar. Put the 
cake in the pan with a sjiooii, alternating the 
dark ;)nd light, and bake in a moderately hot 

"I THRASHED the little boys and mashed the 
big ones," was the young schoolni.arm's expla- 
nation of her success in subduing an unruly 

The Con'ditions ok Health.— In order to 
have good health, the following conditions are 
imperative: 1. Pure air. '2. Pure and nutri- 
tious food. 'i. Proper exercise. 4. Undis- 
turbed sleep. .'). Regularity. 6. Temperance 
in all things. 7. Pleas.ant and active mental, 
moral and social conditions. 8. Right bodily 
positions. it. Cleanlii', 10. Sunlight.— 
Jlerakl of Ilmllh, 

Lkmdn (Ii'staki). — Boil one ijuart of milk 
with the thill yellow rind of one fresh lenmn, 
two bitter almonds and half a pound of sugar; 
mix well and strain the mixture through a hair 
sieve, and pour it gradually into half a dozen 
beaten eggs; mix well together and simmer it 
on the fire, stirring continually until it thickens; 
then pour it immediately into mips, and serve 
hot or cold. 

Ki:i;s FOK Invalids. — Adaintyway to prepare 
an egg for an invalid is to first beat it till very 
light, then season with a little pepper, salt and 
a tiny luni)) of butter; then (lour it over a slice 
of dry buttered toast, and set the plate contain- 
ing it in the steamer; cover closley and let it 
steam for two or three minutes. An egg pre- 
pared tht'is w ill not be likely to distress the 
weakest stomach. 

Crha.m Cake. — Four eggs, one teacup of 
sugar, one teacup of tlour, one tablespoonful of 
sweet milk and two even teasiioonsfuls of baking 
])owder; this w ill make three layers. Cream— 
One-half cup sugar, onc-(iuarter cup of flour, 
one egg; stir into one-half pint of boiling milk. 
Spread between the layers while warm. 

A <!()oD Cakk for School Children'.— One 
pound and a-half of bread dough, lialf pound 
currants, half ounce caraway seed, six ounces 
sugar, three eggs, half pound of butter. Spread 
out the dough on the paste-board, roll it well 
out, rub in the currants and sugar, tlieii add the 
butter, and lastly the eggs. Mix all well to- 
gether, leave it to rise, jiut it into a tin and 
bake an hour in a moderate oVeii, 


fAeiFie R.URAL f RESS. 

r January 20, 1883 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 

A. T. DEWBY. W. a EWKR. 

Office, S52 Market St:, N. E. cor. Front St., S. F. 
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Individual] are liable to be absent, 

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placed on the list without cash in advance. 

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(i. H, ..;troso 


Saturday, January 20, 1883. 


EDITORIALS.— Pasture Grasses; Laws on Irrigation, 
45. The Ween; The Railroad (Oaestion; The Ole. 
margarine Issue; Important to Subscribers, 52. The 
Arizona Native Potatoes; The New Life. 53 

ILLUSTRATIONS. -The Common Red-Top— Agrog- 
tis Vulifaris, 45. The Mother's Jov and Pride 53. 

QUERIES AND REPLIES.— tJots in the Morse; 
A Poultry rrescripiion; The Fenco Law; Defiinc^ 
Wheal: Prunine off the Codlin Eega, 52. 

CORRESPONDENCE.- Claims Under the Drainage 
Bill; Law; Uuascj Cuttinjjs— Kuda Insecticide; Yields 
of Dairy Cows; Los Angeles Notes, 46. 

POULTRY YARD. -Practical Poultry Raiting— N> 
3. 46. 

SHEEP AND WOOL.— The Mohair Industry; Cus- 
tom in Wool GradinfiT. 47. 

(Poetry); Good Time at Stockton Grange; Santa Rosa 
Grange; Grange Klections; Lecturer's Topics for Janu 
ary; National Kanch Grange Citrus Fair: The Grange 
in Canada: A f!range Day at Havwards, 48. 

AGRICULTURAL NOTES -From the various 
eouniies t i California, 48-9. 

NEWS IN BRIEF— On page 40 and other pages. 

THE HOME CIRCLE. Bihy Charley; Californ a'a 
Poet (Poetryl; Idle Hands; Winter; Hints in Loye 
Making; Cli ff; Anie .theti.- Bullets; How to be Beauti- 
ful; Wearing Natural Flowers; The Growth of Lan 
guage, 50. 

YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN.-Susie's Fun, 51. 
GOOD HEALTH.- " Weight" in the Stomach; Causes 

of Sickne-s; Carholic Acid for Diphtheiia; Tiie Condi 

lions of HenUh, 51. 
DOMESTIC ECONOMY. — Buckwheat Cakes 

(Poetry); Apple Dessert; Apple Charlotte; Lemon Pud' 

ding; Marble Cake; Lemon Custard; Eggs for Invalids; 

Cream Cuke; A Good Cake for School Children. 
PISCICULTURE.— ?arp Culture-No. 5, 54. 

Business Annouacements. 

Agricultural Implements— Geo. A. Davis & Co., S. F. 
Fruit Trees— W. P. Hammon & Co., Oakland, Cal. 
Books— O. 4i C. Merriam & Co., Springfield, Mass. 
Champion Hay Ricker— ,lohn E. Kirk, Peoria, III. 
Langshan Fowls— Mrs. J. Raynor, San Francisco. 
Filberts— Leonard Coato, Nupa City, Cal. 
Nursery— John Saul, Washington, D. C. 
Demorcst's Magazine— W. J Demorest, New York. 
Cards— Caxton Printing Co., Northford, Ct. 
Removal Judson Manufacturing Co., S. F. 
Olives - C. W. Crane, San Francisco. 

The Week. 

He.-ivy frosts follow each other with poculiar 
and uncomfortable regtilarity. Several morn- 
ings the fields have looked as though (lushed 
with a recollection of tlie last snow storm. 
Tender plants which have stood uninjured 
since the coM snap of three years ago arc now 
blackened. Kxposed water pipes have suffered, 
and still water has been sheeted over with a 
fjuarter inch of ice. These visitations have 
been patiently endured, because of the popular 
belief tliat a succession of frosts brings rain. 
Just now tliere appear signs of it, and if it 
comes in abundance, the back of winter will be 
broken, and babnly days will appear. 

Rain is now greatly needed for the prescr\ a- 
tion of pasture growth. Grain lias held stoutly 
to its strength during the days of chill and fog, 
and awaits the warm rain to start it forward. 
It will be just as well for it to proceed slowly, 
else it must be mowed or fed to prevent pre 

The legislature has made a beginning at its 
work, but it needed the grand inaugural ball, 
which occurred last evening, to induce the law- 
makers to settle down closely to business. 
Already, however, a great liost of bills has 
tilled tiie files of both houses and the connnittees 
have their hands and heads full. It will evi- 
dently be wise to know what to drop as well as 
■what to take up this session, 

The Railroad Question. 

The official indolence and utter otlioial worth 
lessness of the late Railroad Commission of the 
.State of California is an open secret, in fact 
glaring truth. How for years the memliers sue 
ceeded in doing so little has been a mystery ex 
cept to some extra wise ones who have a sufii 
cient reason for everything under the sun. Most 
people, however, liave contented themselves 
Mitii indignant growling at the officials wlio 
would not rise with the occasion, would con 
tribute nothing to a general understanding of 
the rights and wrongs in transportation affairs 
in brief, did so little when so much was prom 
ised and expected. 

If we are now funiished with a Commission of a 
totally different stamp we may perhai>8 dismis 
the siiliject with a joy that we have outgrown 
and outlived the last one. But the ruling party 
promise to redeem their pledges by a vigorous 
policy on this importiint subject, an<l they pro 
pose also to know why the late Commission was 
so indescriljably idle and inefficient, (lov 
Stoneman, who was himself a member of this 
l>ody during its comatose existence, does not 
hesitate to thump the boily as though post mor 
teni punishment was a just \ isitation upon it 
In his message to the Legislature Gov. Stone 
man says : 

Three years have now elapsed since the peo 
pie solemnly expressed their views upon the 
subject of the regulation of fares and freights 
and delegated to a Commission, chosen under 
the new organic law, the authority to execute 
their expressed will. For years the demand 
for the regulation of fares and freights and 
the prevention of discrimination has been uni 
vcrsal; but every movement looking toward the 
accomplishment of such a wisli has been at 
tendeil by defeat. It is to be deeply regretted 
that the retiring R;iilroad Commission has en 
tirely neglected and refused, during the term 
for which its members were elected, to take 
any positive steps towards enforcing the 
powers conferred upon it by the Constitution 
and the laws. All hoj)e of relief from tiie 
Commission has, thus far, l)een deferred. It is 
to be earnestly hoped that the incoming Com 
mission will prove to be composed of men of 
sufficient couivage and sagacity to meet this 
i.ssue in a spirit of fairness: to deal justly by 
the transportation companies and candidly by 
the people. I wish it to lie distinctly under 
stood tiiat all the power and influence of the 
Executive Department of the (iovcrnment will 
be cheerfully exercised on liuhalf of the Com 
mission to bring the issue between the people 
and the transportation companies to a final and 
satisfactfiry tenninatioii. The question of tlie 
regulation of fares and freiglits is the great liv 
ing is.sue of the day, and no postponement of 
its solution to a future time will prove satisfac 
tory either to the people of this .State or tlie 
Union. The question of the power of the 
State to fix and regulate the charges for fares 
and freights upon transjiortation lines witiiiii 
the .'^tate lias passed beyond the line of legiti 
mate argument, thougli even now, after the 
decision of the Court of last resort, there are 
those managers of transpot tatioii lines who hold 
and publicly avow as their convictions tliat 
transportation lines built and equip])ed at the 
public expense, by public authority, for the 
public use, are the exclusive property of the 
managers and stockholders; and tliey still ac 
knowledge no rigiit in the public which conHicts 
witli their alleged right of sole ownership. As 
to the policy of enforcing the jjower of the 
.•■^tate to regulate fares and freights, there can 
not, since the result of the late election, be 
further doubt. 

Tliis is vigorous, and it is only a fair .state- 
ment of the case, so far a,s popular expectiition 
and the advantage on the popular side by ju- 
dicial decisions arc coiicenied. Every public 
right iiulicates there must be a just regu- 
lation of fares and freights, and if the people 
can only get men to serv e them honestly and 
industriously in securing sudi a public right, it 
ill not be long before present iiardships and 
oppressions and discriminations are swept 

But « e have said the ruling party proposes to 
write a little history on the subject of Califor- 
nia railway commissions if tlie data can be ob- 
tiiined, and it may be valuable for the edifica- 
tion of present and future commissioners that 
the danger of inquiry and publication is always 
imminent. Assemblyman ({ranger, of Butte 
county, has introduced the following resolutions, 
whicli were unanimously adopted: 

Ri'.<o1ri il , That the Committee on Corpoi atioi;s 
be hereby instructed to iii.stitute all due anil 
proper iiuiuests into the official acts of the late 
retired Railroad Commissioners in respect to the 
following subjects of inquiry: 

Fir.^t; What portion of tlieir time has been 
devoted to the discharge of the duties of their 
office during the term just expired, and what 
portion of tlieir time was devoted to an estab- 
lished unofficial business oth than the man 

agement'of their personal and real estate owned 
by them previous to their election. 

Second: Whether said Commissioners or 
either of them during tlieii- term of office may 
have made any extraordinary acquisition of 
property over and above the income of their 
salary, diminished by the expenses of inilividual 
and familj- support. 

Third: Whether the rates of railroad trans- 
portation in this .State have been materially re- 
duced, or any sulistantial relief to the oppressed 
industries thereof has resulted from any official 
acts of said (.'ommissioners. ' 

Fourth: A\'hether said Commissioners, or 
either of them, liave shown a dereliction of duty 
to the interests of this commonwealth by know- 
ingly permitting a systematic or casual discrim- 
ination in charges or facilities of trans))oration 
between persons or places, or, by any 
railroad or other transportation company; or 
have sliown incom2)etency or corruption in of- 
fice, and if eitlicr, whetlier the State has been 
damnitied thereby, as well as to the extent of 
the injury sounding in damages. 

Fifth: That in carrying on such inquest, the 
committee be, and are hereby, empowered to 
send for persons and papers, to examine wit- 
nesses and administer oaths, and to exercise all 
powers thereunto not inconsistent with law or 
legislative prerogative, and that they do report 
their action hereon to this Assembly at their 
earliest convenience 

Accountability in office should be continually 
held liefore the official. A go(Kl,* thorough in- 
vestigation will be wholesome in its etfects, 
whatever be the results. 

Important to Subscribers. 

Now that we have entered upon a new j'ear, 
we would thank all our patrons who have not 
paid tlieir subscriptions in advance to forward 
their remittances as soon as possible. 

Tlie receipt of monej' is just now rendered 
more necessary and desirable to us from the 
fact that we contemplate dressing up our read- 
ing columns with bright new type. .So please 
let us hear from friends all over the rural field 
as promptly and liberally as possible. 

Our terms for delayed payments up to .7 an. 1, 
188.3, are at the rate of S4 per annum, as here- 
tofore published on the eighth page of our pre- 
vious issues. Hereafter our terms will be S^S.oO 
for any delinquent subscription that may accrue 
from old patrons not fortunate enough to pay in 
advance, of which we really hope there will be 
but few, as we much prefer in advance to any 
other rate for deferred payments. 

We will make the offer for those in arrears 
over six months to settle up at the rate of S!3.50 
(instead of .*4.00) per annum, if payment is re- 
ceived by February 15, 1883. Our terms from 
January 1, 18S.S, will be positively as fidlows: 

Annual suliscription three dollars a year, in 
advance. If continued subscrijitions are not 
pixqiaid in advance, for any reason, 50 cents ex- 
tra will be cliarged for each year or fraction of a 
year. Xo new names placed on the list without 
cash in advance. 

The Oleomargarine Issue. 

The bill adopted by the Dairymen's Conven 
vention, held in this city in December, is now 
before the Legislature, having been introduced 
in the Senate by Mr. English, of Maiin and 
Contra Costa, and in the Assembly by Mr. Hoi 
lister, of Santa Barbara. We arc informed that 
tliere is a marked sympathy with the bill on the 
part of the members of tli<^ Legislature from the 
agricultural counties: and this is just as it 
should be, for the false proiluct is a menace to 
one of our great agricultural interests. It 
reported that the oleomargarine makers are 
preparing to make a sharp fight against the 
)ill with the force of a strong lobby, and 
tliat too must be expected, for the greed of the 
few share-holders in the oil mill will lead them 
to secure the aid of all the trained manipulators 
.\gainst such efforts the legitimate producers 
have but the right of their cause and the 
strength which comes from acting together to 
secure it. Organization in the several counties 
has proceeded satisfactorily, and should now be 
puslied rapidly. Memoi-ials should be for- 
warded of such a character tliat the Legislature 
may see tliat tlie daii-y producers are in earnest 
in this matter and that their wishes cannot well 
l)c disregarded. 

Arizona Potatoes.— I'rof. Lcmmon tells us 
that aliout a pint of the tubers, to which allusion 
is made elsewhere, were left at the Academy of 
ciences for distribution to those who will take 
pains to cultivate them for a reasonable length 
of time and see what will be the result. They 
can be had by applying to Dr. A. Kellogg, at the 

Bots in the Horse. 

Editors Pkes.s : In the 1^e8.s of May 6, 
1S8'2. was a very interesting paper on the above 
subject. From childhood have been much in- 
terested in the troublesome par.asite. Have read 
several authors, in fact everytiiiiig we could 
find on the liot. My f.ither is now, and has been 
for 50 years, a practicing M. I)., also a 
practical X. S., and has made valuable 
discoveries from his many exiieriments. 
When but a child, though old enougli to have 
read Cutter's Physiology, he had a horse die 
with bots. I was given a scaljiel and allowed to 
assist in tlie dissection of old Dapple. The 
stomach was full of perforations as well as bots. 
On the liver were masses of bots, some as if 
just attacheil, and many others buried 
out of siglit. It may be a "conclusive argmnent 
that the bot has no :i])paratus by which it can 
gnaw holes through anything. ' I did not see 
them gnaw tlirough thiit stomach and bury them- 
selves in tlie liver, but I did see the holes and 
the bots in tlie liver; saw them let go (per- 
haps they Iwred in) and die in a solution that 
killed bots, and not a horae died from the treat- 
nieiit that ever I heard of. He tried many 
baths, alcohol, tcrjieiitine, nitric acid, in all of 
which they lived long enough to kill a horse. 
He then took some sweet milk and sweetened it 
till quite dark with molasses (not syrup): pieces 
of the liver and stom.ich were immersed in the 
solution, and to our suiiu isc .-is well as jileasure, 
the bots loosened their holt and died, since which 
time he has used the solution as a tlrench for 
bots, also a liberal feeding of carrot.s for the 
same with gootl results. — M. E. O. W'., St. 
Helena, Cal. 

A Poultry Prescription. 
Editor.sPress:— Under the heading of "Poul- 
trj- Disease from Monterey" we see something 
described very similar to a trouble we had 
some three years ago, while living on the 
Hawaiian Islands. Our fowls dying off in large 
numbers, a friend recommended the use of 
equal parts of castor oil and spirits of turpen- 
tine, say a spoonful of each, very thoroughly 
mixed, and afterwards as thoroughly amalga- 
mated w ith the food, well soaked, and fed when 
the fowls were very hungry, otherwise they 
would not eat it. This amount (one table- 
spoonful each of the oil and turjientine) is suf- 
ficient for a single dose for twenty-five fowls, 
and may be repeated once in each of successive 
days if need be. We found it very efficacious 
in our poultry yard, but are not sure that a 
similar effect would follow in the case men- 
tioned in vour paper. — M. W. Poci e. Napa, 

The Fence Law. 
EnrroM Press:— The Constitution of the State pro- 
vides against special legislation. Many special laws 
should be amended so as to conform to the spiri. as well 
as the letter of the law. Our fence law is one in point. 
It is well known that a "No-fence Law" exists for cer- 
tain counties, while other must conform to a 
rigorous fence law. It is truly a grievance not liih'ly 
borne or to live and thrive on the frontier of theditii- 
ing Hues. One is master of all his neighhoi's loose stock, 
and the other a slave to the "No-fence Han." Why can- 
not a general law ex<st, so ihat each man must take care 
of hisown property. And if you must ftnce, let it be a 
fence to fence in your own stock, and not to fence out 
the strck of those who raise stock at the expense of oth- 
ers. This is a measure wtich would be fought against by 
mm of trespissing disposition, and by those who make 
money by C'irraliog and selling unfortunate strays, >nd 
who meets his neigh bjr's demand for redress by there- 
mark: "You have no lawful fenc." True. The laws 
are special, and it is for thia I mean to plead with the 
Solons of Sacramento to make a general Uw fjr the 
State, so that each individual should care for his own an- 
im.ilB.— JoiiN Taylor, Chinese Camp, Tuoluione County, 

The suggestion is a good one. It is true that 
the old no-fence law should be repaired as to 
local applications, for the character of the 
country li:'.s changed greatly since its enactment, 
and cultiviiturs in other counties are entitled to 
the protection of the no-fence law. At all 
events tlie subject is worth a new discussion 
and rearrangement. 

Defiance 'Wheat. 
Editors Press:— Having ti,k. n much pains to intro- 
duce the New York Dtfiaine wheat in Nietos, I ask 
through the columns of the Rcrai. as to how this variety 
of wheat is received in other parts of California where it 
has been tried. Our farmers pronounce it a success as a 
rtist resister, and as acling well under irrigation, but 
some of our grod housekeepers grumble that the flour 
from i", does not work well; others again siy that Defi- 
ance flour M tirst-class. Wehi.veab'Ut concluded that 
irrigated wheat is not fs good as that which grew without 
irrigation. Will others please answer as 'o the reputa- 
tion uf Defiance wheat with tliiir local millersand house- 
wives, also as to what efT>-ct irrigation has on this wheat 
or on any wheat'i-OBO. Kay Uillkr, Nietos, Los Ange- 
les Co. 

The subjects are well worth discussion. 

Pruning off the Oodlin Eggs. 

Editors Pbkss:— Apple, pear and quince should not 
be pruned until they are in blcs om, because then we 
destroy a great quantity of the eggs of the codlin moth 
which are deposited in the blossom, and the heavier we 
prune the more eggs we destroy.— J. Allison, Vicaville. 

What will be the oftect on the trees by heavy 
pruning at tliat sea.son'; 

Celery and Onion CrLiritK. — We have w 
ccived two neat pamphlets from D. Lamlreth & 
Sons, of Philadelphia, one entitled "Prize Essays 
on Celery Culture, "and the other "Prize Es-says 
on Onion Culture." Each gives in detail the 
methods of several successful growers, and can- 
not fail to interest the gardener and amateur. 
They are sent by the publishers for '25 cent* per 


January .20, 1883.] 

The Arizona Native Potatoes. 

Our readers have already heard of tlie native 
potatoes discovered iii Arizona by our contrilju- 
tor, Prof. .J. fi. Lenimon, for he gave a grapliic 
account of liis discovery in the Rural hist Sep- 
tember. Tlie tubers have also to some extent 
been obtained by our reader.s, and interesting 
experiments will be conducted in developing 
this new species of spud. Prof. Lemnion gave 
a lecture on his discovery at the meeting of the 
California Academy of .Sciences on the evening 
of January lotli, and as the subject] has a gen- 
eral interest, we give an outline of the lecture. 
He began by stating that after searching for 
three years, from 1879 to 1881 , unsuccessfully 
for the native home of tlie potato, lie finally 
found it wliile, witli liis wife, lie was engaged in 
exploring the Chiricahua mountains in south- 
eastern Arizona. They left Fort Bowie, in the 
amous Apache pass, just at the close of the 

valley of the great arterial rivers multitudes | 
of ajSorigines moved from the home of the 
Mon^ezumas in the densely populated plateau 
of Auihuac in Central Mexico, to found the 
wonderful, and by no means mythical, "Seven 
Cities of Cibola" on the far northern Gila 
river. In comparatively modern times this 
architectural and skillful agricultural people irri- 
gated the plains of tlieSantaCruzandtheSan Pe- 
dro river, and built "Casa-<Trandes" and vast cities 
along their banks, whose ruins claim attention 
and searching investigation from every intelli- 
gent visitor. The Huacliuca mountains have 
two peaks over 10,000 feet high, witli sides 
furrowed into deep canyons, those of tlie north- 
east being filled with trees, among which are 
maple and ash. Stratas of granite, gneiss, por- 
pliyry, sandstone, slate, trachyte, quartz and 
limestone are the principal rocks, exposed in 
regular terraces, showing marks of violent rup- 
ture and wildest confusion in certain sections. | 

were two feet high. Later in the season they 
produced potato-balls of unusual size, compara- 
tively speaking. These native species of pota- 
toes, which may have been and very likely 
are the original native stock from which 
all our potatoes now used liave sprung, de- 
serve a fair trial and careful propagation to de- 
velop them to the size now attained by our l>est 
Irish potatoes. By the 1st of September the 
blue-flowered plants forine<l blueish-colored po- 
tatoes, oblong, about an inch and a half long liy 
half as wide and a third as thick, with from 
four to 10 unmistakable potatoes on each plant. 
Tlie white-flowered plants produced white pota- 
toes, nearly round, from half an inch to one 
inch in diameter. 

These potatoes are unquestionably indigenous. 
Still another variety was found near the sum- 
mit of a peak 10,000 feet high, under the shade 
of fir, pine and poplar trees, growing in soil 
kept moist <luriiig the greater part of the year | 

han writes from the East in regai-d to I'v 
Lemmon's discovery: "Thousands may j , 
blessed by the arduous labors and' peril 
achievements of those lone explorers of the Hua- 
cliuca mountains. " Many of our present varie- 
ties are ])Oor and diseased, death having already 
set in, tlieir vital forces are impaired, lieiice lia- 
ble to attack from fungi which blight, 
like tile great potato plague of 184.'), ami 
which varieties in the full vigor of 
youth would not bs affected Ijy it 
at all. Weak plants invite attacks which 
strong ones resist. Professor ].,;;nimon found 
the notorious Colorado beetle feedinc off 
these wild indigenous putato plants in tlie°Hua- 
chuca inouiitaiiis. This bug, wliich seems per- 
manently locatijd in the higher plateaus of the 
Rocky mountains, and began its march east- 
ward from Colorado, feeds upon these wild po- 
tatoes, lience here ac(iuires a taste for the culti- 
vated species wliich it meets in its journeys 
eastward, as far as Ohio, and even in Canada. 
The indigenous Arizona jiotatoes are very de 
licious when cooked, tasting like small po- 
tatoes of cultivated varieties, but harder of 
I flesii, with thicker skin and more pronounced 

s.unimer rains, and in September they found in 
a cleft of one of the highest peaks north of that 
pass, under a tangle of prickly bushes and cacti, 
a solitary little plant of the species Solainim. 
Eager to know if it was bulb-bearing, tliey care- 
fully ui)rooted the little tuber, which jiroved to 
be an undoubted representative of the true po- 
tatoe family. With great care he dissected its 
organs and analyzed its characteristics. Accord- 
ing to the researches and reasonings of 
Humboldt, this was the location to 
look for the home of the species from 
which our first potatoes sprung. In 
May, 1882, Professor Leminon and his devoted 
wife again set out in search of more specimens, 
choosing the Huachuca mountains as their point 
for exploration. This range is about midway 
between the Colorado river and Rio (Jrande and 
is crossed by the Mexican boundary line. Yuma 
is due west, and El Paso and Santa Fe are 
nearly due east of the Huachuca mountains, 
which occupy middle ground, botli physically 
and enthnologically considered. Along the 


Rattlesnakes and centipedes, cacti and yucca, 
were abundant. In places they traversed splin- 
tered shales and volcanic cinders knee-deep. 
In .July last they discovered the potato plants 
they were searching for, on the southwest side 
of the range, hidden among the rich bottom soil 
of a dell in a high valley. A few plants of the 
white species were found in full, bloom, 
and farther on blue blossoms were found. 
The white flowered specimens formed 
tubers on shorter subterranean stems than 
the blue ones. The blue flowered po- 
tato plants sent off their runners from 18 inches 
to two feet. July 12th they were in full lilooni. 
The blossoms were large and the white-flowered 
were of a creamy white color with greeiiisli mid- 
ribs to its corolla lobes. The subterranean stems 
were not longer than those of our common Irish 
potato. Tlie blossoms of the blue-flowered are 
smaller, bright purple, with pale white midr ibs 
to the corolla, witli 15 to 20 flowers to a head. 
They were found at an altitude of about 8,000 
ft. in Tanner's canyon, and some of the plants 


by melting snows. Its nodding balls of ripened 
seeds were surrounded by golden rods and bril- 
liant asters. Their tubers were tinted with 
purple, and seed -balls were either solitary or in 
pairs. Professor Lenimon brought back with 
him over three quarts of these small potatoes, 
comprising the different varieties, beside some 
seed-balls. Mr. Igo, a hermit in these moun- 
tains, whom Professor Lemmon interested in 
his discovery, has recently written him that in 
digging up the bed of an old pond he has se- 
cured a lot of these potatoes, perfectly white, 
as large as lien's eggs, whicli on being cooked 
tasted well, and have all the appearance of very 
fine potatoes. 

Various agricultural societies of the East 
have manifested the utmost interest in Profes- 
sor Lemmon's great <liscovery, and are making 
careful preparations to cultivate the specimens 
he has forwarded them, with every advantage 
scientific experience can suggest. The repro- 
duction of the potato from its original source is 
an undertaking promising important results of 
the utmost interest to mankind. Professor Me- 

I qualities, as if it were a large potato condensed 
' to these small tubers. 

The New Life. 

Our illustration this week is as striking as 
it is real and truthful. The new life committed 
to every parent's charge when a child is born 
warms the heart with gratitude and makes life 
give promise of greater happiness. Particularly 
is this true on the part of the mother. Imme- 
diately she realizes -her maternal res))onsil)ility, 
and with that sweet sympathy so characteristic 
of her sex she takes up the duties of motlier, 
and throws around the new birth those hallowed 
influences of love and mercy which make the 
name mother synonomous with all that is good 
and worthy. The mother begins at once to enter 
into the life and sjiirit of her babe, and as it 
grows and develojis, expanding under the sun- 
shine of her love, she becomes its companion and 

In oiir illustration we have a mother amusing 
her babe. She is as much interested as is the 
little one. Her whole being .seems devoted to 
the child, and we feel certain that as the years 
go on and the "new life" becomes a boy, then a 
youth, and finally the man, that she will be able 
to influence him to become upright and respected. 

[Janunry 20, 1883 

Carp Culture— No. 5. 

KlilTOUS Press:- -Accordiiiy to promise wu 
•w ill now turn to the history of carp culture in 
the old country. I shall not be very minute, 
but will pi-oceeil hastily in a general rev iew. 1 
will first copy from Mr. Rodolph Hessel, to .show 
the length of time that carp have Wen projia- 
gated, and a partial extent of tlieir cultivation. 
He saj-s: The carj) is alleged to liave been im- 
])orted into Knglaiid in the year l.")(>4. In Aus- 
tria, M-liich jiossesses tlie most e-xtensive carp 
fisheries in Kuropc. tlie culture of tlie carp can 
be traceil as far back as tlie year ]'2'21. Tlie 
Kmperor Cliarlcs of (iennany, by ^^lanting 
sundry ])rivileges, fav'ored the establishment 
of ponds in his ilomains, and the monks were 
especially a.ssid>ious in the culture of fish in 
]K)nds. As early as the first half of the 14tli 
century Bohemia had its first large cai j) pond, 
and the culture of this tisli progressed in that 
country, as also in rolaiiil and that district 
which now comprises (Jernian Austria; also in 
Saxony, Silesia and Bavaria. A celebrated 
establishment for carp culture, with large, ex- 
tensive ponds, was located as early as the 14th 
century near the town of W'ittingan, in Bohemia, 
Au.stria. The beginning of it may lie traced 
back to the year \'Mi'. At that time the Lords 
of Kosenbeig called into existence anil main- 
tained for centuries these cstablisiimcnts, on a 
scale so extensive that to this day tlfcy are the 
admiration of the visitors, the main parts liav- 
iiig survived, while the race of the Hoscnliergs 
lias long been extinct. The manor of Wittingan 
sutt'ercil greatly from the calamities of the 30 
years" war, ami with it, in consequence, its fish 
culture. The latter only recovered the effect of 
itafterpassing, together with the large estate of a 
rich monastery of the same name, in the year 
KiTO, into possession of the Princes of .Schwar- 
zenberg, their present owners. 

The extent which carp culture has reached in 
these princely domains will be seen from the 
circumstance that their artificial ponds com- 
jirise an area of no less than 20.000 acres. The 
proceeds amount to about 500,000 pounds of 
carp per annum. The ponds of the Princes of 
Schwarzenbeig are ])robably the most extensive 
of the kind (;n the globe. They, are usually 
situated in some undulating lowland country, 
where small valleys have been closed in by 
gigantic dams for the jiurposc of forming reser- 
voiis. Similar establishments, though not 
equally extensive, are found in the prov- 
inces of Silicia and BramUnburg: as, 
for instance, near Breslin and Cott- 
bus, in Peitz and I'leitz, which I visited last 
year. In, Hanover, Oldenburg, 
Mecklenburg and Holstein there are also many 
hundred ponds, none of M hich cover more than 
a few acres, liut almost every large farm ]]0S- 
sesses at least one of them. 

We might follow him further with interest, 
but we will now turn to Mr. Bingly, toshow the 
necessity of the 

Ditches and Collectcrs 
In the ponils. He tays: The conflnon caryi in 
their general habits exhibit to great a degree of 
cunning as sometimes to be called by the coun- 
try people river-fox. When att( nipted to be 
taken by a net they will often leap over it, or 
immerse themselves so deep in the mud as to 
suffer the net to pass over without touching 
them. This shows the necessity of drawing the 
water off when taking the fish from the ponds. 
We will now have I'rof. Spencer K. Baird, U. 
U. Fish Commissioner, to describe the 

Carp Fisheries in the Peitz Lakes. 
He says that "carp in beer" is a favorite dish 
in Berlin — is sufliciently proved liy the fact 
that about r)00,(',(!0 jiounds of this fish are an- 
nually con-sumed in this city. It will therefore 
not be out of place to give a brief account of 
the famous Peitz lakes, in lower Lusatia, which 
mainly supjdy Berlin with car]), and wliieh 
were well known even in tlie time of Frederick 
the Great. 

The Ural-Baltic Plateau, which includes a 
portion of Lusatia, contains a \ ei y large num- 
ber of lakes and j onjs; of these the' Peitz Lakes 
are the most important. These lakes, 70 in 
number, anil foi niing a water area of almost 
5,000 acres, are a royal di niain, and are at pres- 
ent rented to Mr. Hi. Bcrger. They produce a 
very large number of caips, and the annual fish- 
ing days in October, csjiecially that of the Dev- 
il's Lake, having an area of about fIt'O acres, 
form important and interesting events, genuine 
popular holidays, not only for the inliabitants 
of Peitz, and the surrounding countiy and peo- 
ple of the neighboring city of Cottbus, but, be- 
cause easy of access, likewise to many inhabit- 
itants of the capital. It must, however, lie 
borne in mind that these great fisheries, and 
each one of the (i,OCO or 7,000 carp caught dur- 
ing this season have a previous history, extend- 
ing over a period of about four years; for those 
well fed, gold scaled, Government fish, resem- 
bling each other in size as much as eggs, liave not 
sprung into existence suddenly, like armed men 
v\ho rose from the dragon seed soned liy Cad- 
mus, but it required great work, cape and 
trouble to dcA-elop them so far; and in order to 
understand all this Me shall have to become 
acquainted with the details of this industry, 
and gain some entirely new ideas in regaid to 
the carp and its life. We here see, not a fish 
rapidly parting the waves with its fins, now 

diving into the deep, now rising to the surface, 
always timid and flying from the terrible fish 
of prey, but a well cared for domestic animal, 
constantly guarded by and accustomed to human 
beings; a very peaceful, phlegmatic animal, 
with a ]irciliIectioii for muddy bottoms and 
sh)W flowing waters, growing more comfortable 
and gentle in its waj s by its education, which 
has been going on for generations, all this tend- 
ing to make the fish fat and comfortable look- 
ing, and giving to its tlesli a most delicious 
flavor. The life of the carp, which really 
m.ay be termed a "'jolly sort of inipri.sonment, " 
commences in the hatching ponds, varying in 
size from 1 to 10 acres, in which as many ;is "20 
pair of well-developed milters and s])awners are 
jilaced in spring, there to spa« ii under the gen- 
tle rays of the sun. It is the character of the 
slow nature of the carp not to do this spawning 
business at once, like other fish, and so far all 
attempts at artificial imi)regnation have failed. 
But if the water during the siiawning season has 
been kept at an even liiglit, and the frogs do 
not de\ f)ur too many eggs, yoiing carp are pro- 
duced in great nuniliers, as they are very jiro- 
lific, one pair alone producing several hiindred 
thousand eggs, from which even under the most 
unfavorable circumstances about "J"), 000 young 
fish may be counted on. During their earliest 
infancy these fish live on infusoria, as their lit- 
tle mouths will not allow any other food to pass. 
The summer goes by, the new year comes in. 
and in spring the litle one-year-old carp (which 
at this age are very suitable for the p:iilor 
aquarium), are placed in larger ponds, gener- 
ally covering an area of 30 acres each, at the 
rate of 300 to liOO fish per acre. .After they 
have .stayed in these ]ionds a year, the fish (now 
two years old), are placed in still larger ponds 
(generally containing an area of 400 acres each), 
at the rate of ISO to 300 per acre. After 
another yeai- has passed, the fish (now 3 years 
ohl), are placed in the large jionds, generally 
about !K)0 acres each, in which they stay 
another year, and reach an average weight of 
two and one-half to three and one-half liounils. 

Amusement for the Carp. 

Loneliness produces melancholy, and in order 
that the carji may not lead a too idyllic sort of 
dream-life after leaving these ponds w here they 
sl)ent their first two summers, and which arc 
absolutely free from fish of prey, quite a large 
number of others considerably smaller fish, such 
as tench, crucians, pike, and even perch, which 
have been specially raised for this pui-jiose in 
.separate ponds, arc during the third year ]ilaced 
in the same ponds with them. These fish give 
the car)) some idea of life in the great world, 
and by their constant attacks, which, however, 
are' generally haimless, bring a little life into 
the quiet society of philosoiihers, and to some 
extent act the part of shepherd dogs. 

But there are other enemies of the carp which 
tend to make the eai ]) livelier, reminding us of 
those persons in "(iulliver's Travels" who had 
constantly to use rattles to rouse the Lillipu- 
tians from their day dreams: .mil there are 
others- herons, wild ducks and, fish- 
hawks and human beings — jioacli« rs, w ho rob 
the ponds during the night. But the 

Day of Harvest 
Comes at last. Three weeks beforehand they 
begin to let the water flow off, and the carps 
gradually gather in the deep ruts or holes of 
the bottoms. On the morning of the great fish- 
ing ilay they are driven into a basin about the 
size of an acre and about one metre deep. This 
is done by fishermen, who, armed with purse- 
nets, wade often with half their bodies 
in the muddy water and shouting and yelling, 
drive the fish before them. Slow ly the great mass 
of fish comes rolling on, making the water of a 
dark muddy color and throwing great quanti- 
ties of mud-like clouds in the air. Xo one could 
tell that tliisc .ire carp, for the dark round backs, 
which in innumerable places become visible 
among the seething mud and water, rather re- 
semVile eels or similar fish. The w hole specta- 
cle, which is quiet in the beginning, reminds 
one of driving a flock of geese or drove of sheep. 
(Jrailually it beccmes quite exciting, especially 
towai d the eml, w here from 00,000 to 70,000 lbs. 
of carp crowded together in a narryw space 
scarcely '20 paces square. Two simple nets are 
nevertheless sufficient to close u)) the tw o chan- 
nels leading into the basin, w liich now resembles 
a caldron full of boiling mud and water. In 
this till moil the pike fare worst, for some of 
the carp, which, like tame steers, seem in the 
moment to rimend)er that after all they possess 
considerable sti ingth of iiiui-cle, are continually 
dealing powerful blows w ith their tails, w hich 
the sensitive and cowardly ])ike can not stand 
very wx'U, so they endeavor as much as possible 
to crowd into a distant coiner. 

Now the fishing itself commences, and a num- 
ber of mm with two drag nets, each hold- 
ing about ."),(X;0 Itis. of fish, slowly hatil that 
quantity on shore. Here everything is activity 
and bustle. Under an open .shed w e see a large 
pair of scales vith a lOO-lti. weight. The carp 
are uninteri ujitedly brought up fmm the ponds 
in immense buckets, each carried by two stout 
men, and thrown on boards by the side of the 
scales. \Yith lightning like rapidity one fish 
after another is seized liy men standing there 
for the purpose, counting "one, two, three, 
four," until the scales are evenly balanced. 
Thirty-one to 33 fish generally make the 100 lbs. 
The full scales are then ' seized by two men, 
while an empty one is being filled, and the fish 
:ire placed in large casks on one of the many 
wagons which wait at a short distance. As 
soon as the three casks which evei y w agon holds 
are filled, the wagon is r.apidly driven along the 

turnpike, near wliicli the whole transaction 
tiikes j)lace, to the Hocnar canal, distant allDut 
one kilometer (3,-2.S(),70!» ft.), where the fish are 
immediately placed in the hohls of boats wlfich 
contain water. Kacli of these boats carrith '2,- 
.5(K) Itis of fish. Thus the carps arc w ithiu a few 
minutes transferred five times without having 
sufl'ered in the least. Near the scales stjinds, 
in his rubber overcoat, a note book in his hand, 
Mr. Fritsche, from Frankfort on the Oder, a 
well-known dealer called the "car]) 
king," ami, with .Mr. Kogers, agent, calmly 
notes down the number of fish to ev- 
ery 100 llis., while Mr. Berger himself 
is busy arranging things, giving orders, and sat- 
isfying the many jirivate buyers, Uiale and fe- 
male, young and old, farmers and town iieo])le, 
who have come with bags, sacks .and baskets to 
j buy single, or small quantities, \}\> to ^(M) 
, ltis. Mr. Berger also attends to the ]iickingout 
1 of other fish, such as tench, jiike, perch, etc., 
' which have been caught in the net. A large 
quiintity of still smaller fish, so called "si)oon 
fish," they have to be eaten w ith a S])iK)n, 
are likewise brought uj) in these nets, many of 
them almost masheil by the heavy weight of the 
car]), ;ind dead a few minutes after they have 
left the water. These are thrown in large bas- 
kets, and are viewed with eager and h)nging 
glances by the many ]ioor ]>eoi)le stiiiiding round, 
who here, for a few cents, might ])rocure more 
than one good meal, and net Mr. Biirger i>erha])s 
l3'"24 extra. But woe be unto him if he should 
dare to sell these fish; The inexorable Jjolice 
officers w ould at once refer him to a jiaragr]ili of 
the fishery law , according to which these fish 
d.are not be solil, as not having the required size. 
Meanw Idle the hour of noon comes, and the ar- 
dently longed-for lunch time, doubly welcomed 
on account of the ])ouring rain and cold, is fast 
api)roacliiiig, and Mr. Bcrger invites his guests 
to his house near by. Among them wc see, be- 
sides some landed ))ro|)rietors of the neigh- 
borhood, men of inexhaustible good humor and 
unlimited cajjacity of stomach, the well-known 
Lasatian antlirojjologist and reporter of the 
(liu ti iitfiuhf, Dr. \'eckenst!idt. 

In the hospitable mansion we are regaled with 
the i>roducts of the eliase — sni]ies, reed birds, 
duck, jiartridges, etc., and one of the epicurians 
jiresent makes the remark, which may be taken 
to heart by all good housewives, that the flesh 
of the pike becomes infinitely more declicious if 
it has lain in brine for 24 hours. The fishei men 
and drivers are meanwhile taking their lunch in 
the sheds near the ponds, and after a short 
jiause the w ork begins anew, until late at night, 
when about 00.000 Itis. of carp have passed 
through the hands of the weigher. 

As regards the further transjiortation of the 
carps, which are the ])ro]ierty of Mr. Fritsche, 
the moment they leave the scales, they first go 
to the Schw ieloch lake, reaching it in ;> to 14 
days, going through the Hanauer canals, the 
.Sjiree and the Spreewald. The difficulties of 
their route are considerable, for the water is 
often so low that the bo.ats have to be ]ilaced on 
rollers and conveyed for short distances in this 
manner. Arrived at this Schwieloch lake, the 
j fish are transferred to lai'ger bo.its, each holding 
about 10,(100 Itis.. and. ])laccd in the care of re- 
liable ]iersons, they go down the Spree to Ber- 
lin, which place they generally reaiOi after eight 
divys, or they go still further- to Hamburg, 
where they get after a journey of four to five 
weeks, and other jilaces. 


The total annual rent of the domain is SI2,- 
870; the expenses for s:ilaries, wages, wagons, 
etc., amount to about ^7,l.")0, bo that Mr. 
Berger must make at least §'20,000 just to meet 
his exjienses. But it is said that he makes a 
little more. 

AVe will return again to Mr. Hessel. In his 
closing remarks on earj) he says: If the cirp 
was a fish of inferior quality like the bufl'alo 
fish, for instance, its sale would doubtless be 
limited to the seaport towns of northern (Jer- 
many and the iiriiiei]'al cities of central Europe, 
.IS Vienna, Berlin and Paris. In the latter city, 
in s] ite of an abundant sup]ily of salt water and 
diflerent kinds of fresh-water fish, the carj) is 
even ]ireferred to these, and, with the exception 
of trout and salmon, it frequently commands a 
jirice three times as high as that of all the rest. 
I maintain my assertion that the carj), w hether 
it be scale, mii ror or leather carp, is one of the 
most excellent fresh-water fishes, and its intro- 
duction w ill be of great value in point of na- 
tional economy, especially on account of the 
f.acility of its culture ami the enormous extent 
to which this may be carrii;d on. The car)) and 
its value as a fish of culture will before long be 
fully a)Jiireciated, to that we may be enabled 
favorably to] are the results of its culture 
in America, as also the extent attained to, with 
any other country to our complete satisfaction. 

NoM- for the answer to the question as to how 
much car]) flesh can be raised to the square rod. 
That w ill de]:cnd on the amount of the jn ojier 
gases in the water, and this will depend on the 
flow and quality of the water, as some waters 
have double the amount of oxygen that others 
do. We cannot set figures that w ill come out 
to a fraction, but will say that at least from 10 
to .50 jjounils, ow ing to the combined attention 
and conditions of ponds. Levi Davis. 

Forestville, Sonoma Co., C'al. 

A Mrdicink of real merit, prescribed by many leading 
physicians, and universally recommended by those who 
have used it, aj a true tonic, is Brown's Iron Bitterv. 

TllK estimated losses liy the floods in Ger- 
many will reach 80,000,000 marks. 

Thk .1u)1.i.\n H.\ki" consists of a long, nar- 
row^ box of pine about 6 inches deep, with a 
circle in the nuddle of the upjier side of 1 J 
inches in diameter, in which are t<j be drilled 
small holes. On this side 7, 10 or more strings 
of a fine cat-gut are stitched over bridges at 
each end, like the bridge of a fiddle, and screw^ed 
u]) or relaxed with screw ])in». The struiga 
must all be tuned to one and the same note ( D 
is j)erlia]is the best) .and the instrument should 
be i)laceil in a window jjartly o|>i n, in which 
the width is exactly equal to the bar]), with the 
sash just raised to give the air adniis.sion. When 
the air blows uiMtn these strings w ith different 
degrees of force it will excite difterent tones of 
sound. .Sometimes the blast brings on all the 
tones in full concert and sometimes it sinks 
them to the softest murmurs. A colossjil im- 
itation of the instrument just describeil was in- 
vented at Milan in 1780, by the .\bbe (iattoni. 
He stretched 7 strong iron w ires, tuned to the 
notes of the gamut, from the top of a tower HO 
feet high to the house of a Signor .\loscate, who 
was interested in the success of the exj)eriment, 
and this a])]i.aratus, called the "giant's harp," 
in blowing weather yielded lengthened i)eals of 
harmonious music. In a storm this music was 
sometimes heard at a distance of several miles. 

Soi.iDiFYiNo PKTKOLErM.-^We have ivlready 
in this eolumn mentioned the fact that .some 
French chemists had succeeded in so solidifying 
petroleum that it could lie readily handled in 
solid cubes. We now' learn that this solidifica- 
tion is ettected by adding to distilled petroleum 
"25 ])er cent, of the imrificd juice of ])lants be- 
longing to the family of the euphorbiacai. I'e- 
troleum solidified bums like tallow or parafine. 

Iron and wood may be joined with the fol- 
lowing comiiosition: Fine Pussian isinglass is 
dissolved in strong acetic acid (jjyroligeneous 
acid) until the consistence of a strong, timi glue 
is obtained. 

A NEW glass, tr.ansjjarent and more brilliant 
than common cry.stal. but containing no silex, 
potash, soda, lime, or borax, has been invented 
liy a cheniist in Vienn.a. It can be cut and 
polished, and when fused adheres to iron, 
bronze and zinc. 


health and .ivoid .sickness. 
Instead of feeling tired and 
worn out, instead of aches 
and pains, wouldn't you 
rather feel fresh and strong ? 

You can continue feeling 
miserable and good for no- 
thing, and no one but your- 
self can find fault, but if you 
are tired of that kind oflife, 
you can change it if you 
choose. • 

How ? By getting one 
bottle of Brown' Iron Bit- 
ters, and taking it regularly 
according to directions. 

Mansfield, Ohio, Nov. 56, 1881. 

Gentlemen :— IhavesnfTeredwiih 
pain in my side and back, and great 
soreness on my breast, with shoot- 
ang p.iins all tnroiigh my body, at- 
tended with great weakness, depres- 
sion of spirits, and loss of appe- 
tite. I have talcen several different 
medicines, and was treated by prom- 
inent physicians for my liver, kid- 
neys, and spleen, but I got 110 relief. 
I thought I would try Brown's Iron 
Bitters ; I have now taken one bottle 
and a half and .nm about well — pain 
in side and back all gone— soreness 
all out of my breast, and I have a 
good appetite, and am gaining in 
strength and flesh. It can justly be 
called the kin^ 0/ medicines. 

John K. Allender. 

Brown's Iron Bitters is 
composed of Iron in .soluble 
form ; Cinchona the great 
tonic, together with other 
standard remedies, making 
a remarkable non-alcoholic 
tonic, which will cure Dys- 
pepsia, Indigestion, Malaria, 
Weakness, and relieve all 
Lung and Kidney diseases. 

January 20, 1883.] 

fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 


Commission Merchams. 

Grangers Business Association, 


No. 38 California St. SAN FRANCISCO 

Dried Fruit, Live Stock, Etc., solicited, and liberal ad- 
vances made on the game. 

Careful and prompt attention paid to orders for the 
purchasing of Grain and Wool Sacks, Wagons, Aitricul- 
tural Implements, Provisions, Merchandise and Supplies 
of all kinds. 

Warehouses and Wharf, 

At "THE GRANGERS,'" Contra Costa Co. 

Grain recbiykd on storage, for shipment and for 
SALE ON CONSIGNMENT. Ibsurance effected and liberal ad- 
vances made at lowest rates. Farmers may rely on 
their grain being closely and carefully weighed, and on 
having their other interests faithfully attended to 


Late Miller & Co. 



(Successors to MILLER & CO.,) 

Wool, Grain, 


Con\missior\ Merchants. 

10 Davis Street, near Market, 




(Successors to J. W. GALE 4 CO.,) 

Fruit and Seneral Commission Uerchants 

And Wholesale DeaUra in CaMfornia and Oregon Produce, 
Also, Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans, Potatoes, Cheese, Eugs, 
Butter and Honey. 

Rrinb' Qf nnoc " ^o. 402 Davis Street, and 
Dl ItK OlUreb. 120 Washington St., S. F. 
Prompt Returns. Advaoce Liberally on Consignmentp. 


Commission HVEeroliants 

And Dealers in 

Green and Dried Fruits, 

Qrain, Wool, Hides. Beans. Potatoes. 

404 & 406 DAVIS STREET, 

p. 0. Box 1936 SA.N FRANCISCO. 





Wh-olesale Grocers, 




Front Street Block, bet. Clay A Washington, San Franolsco 
tW Special attention given to country traderB..Cf 
P. O. Box 1940 


Grain, Flour, Wool, Etc. 

[Members of the S.^n Francisco Produce Exchange] 
211 and 213 Clay St., S. F. 
i9'LiberaI advances made on Consignments. 


Na 7S Warren Street. New York. 

Commission Merchants in Cal. Produce 

Rkpbrrnobb.— Tradesmen's National Bank, N. Y.; Ell- 
wanger & Barry, Rochester, N. V.; 0. W. Reed; Sacra- 
mento, Cal.; A. Luflk & Co.. San Frandico. Cal. 


The Fixturea of a Cbeese Factory. 

Three lai-Re vats, capacity 10,000 pounds; one weighing 
can, one 12-screw press, one curd knife, 45 cheese hoops. 
Apply to 

WHEATON & LUHRS, 224 Front St., S. F. 

Or W. U. WHITE, Santa Rosa, Cal. 

ueen THE South 


For Stork Feed or Meal for 
riimily use. 
10,000 13^ TTSE. 
\\ rite for Panii»hlet. 

Simpson k Qanlt Wig Co. 

Successors to Straus Mill Co. 

Seeds. Plants, Etc. 


2-year-old plants, 2i to 35 ft., layered from 
bearing bushes. 

I offjr the above for sale at .')0 cents each, 50 tor $20, or 
$35 per 1(0 They are extra strong plants, in splendid 
condition, and were personally selected by me during 
ny recent visit to Europe in the nut-2rowing districts of 
Kent, Ensland. This is entirely dial '.itt 'rom the variety 
called "English Cob," and ii a regular and heavy bearer. 
Samples of the nut sent with each order. 


Nara City, Cal 


Orders for Scions Uom those who wish to propagate 
this excellent pear, should be sent enrly to the under- 
;j^n<d, as the nuuber that can be supplied is very 

i^CuUinga, a foot in length (averaging three scions), 
six for $1, by ma'l, or forty fir $5. (No trees) 

LECONTE.-Cuttinss, 8 for $1; 25 for $2, by mail 

SORGHUM HATjEPENSE, or "Green Valliy 
Gras?.''— 5 pounds for Si; $15 per 100 pounds by express. 

CHl'PA.— $1 per ijuart by mail. 

For further information address. 







Gilt Edge Cards, elegantly printed, 10 cents. VAN 
BUSSUM & CO., 79 Nassau St., New York, N. Y. 

SPLENDID POT PLANTS, Specially pre- 
pared for Immediate Bloom. Delivered 
safely by mail postpaid,atall poet offices, 5 splen- 
did varieties, your choice, ^lU labeled, for $|; 12 
for 82; l9forS3; 26for84; 35ff>rS5; 75 for 
$10: lOOforSIS. WE GIVE a Hnndsome 
Presentof choice and valuable ROSES free 
■ with every order. OurNEWCUIDE," romplele 
Treatise on the Nose, 76 pp. eleganthf tVuf^lTated—free 
Rose Growers, West Grove, Chester Co., Pa. 

John Saul's Catalogue of New, 
Rare and Beautiful Plants 
for 1883. 

Will be ready in February, with a colored plate, It is full 
in really good and beaut ful Plants New Dracitnip, fiew 
Crotons, New Roses, New Pelargoniums, etc., with a rich 
collection of Fine Foliage and other Plauts, well grown and 
a*i low prices ; Free to all my cu-'tomers, to others lu cts., or 
a pliin copy free. Catalogues of Kojes, Seeds, Fruit Trees, 
Orchids, *rtc , free. 

Silver Tree of Cipe of Cw:tod Hope, (Leucadendron Ar- 
genteum). Fresh Seed direct from ihe Cape at $2 per o/.. 

JOHN SAUL. Wasbitgton, i>. C. 


A limited number of Cuttings for sale of the following 
varieties; Seedless Sultanas, $1 for l.OOC; Zantee Cur- 
rents, S6 for 1 000; Muscut of Alexandria, $5 for 1,000; 
delivered on board cars at Rocklin. The Cuttings are 
warrantfd free frum Phjlloxera or any other diseases. 
Will make cuttings 30 inches long If desired, same price. 
Address: C. P. WtSTCOTT, Rocklin, Placer Co , Cal. 

To Fruit Growers. 

Caustic 8oda, Caustic 8uda Ash and Carbolic. 


Manufacturers' Agents, 
304 California Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Hansen (Ex ra Early Red) RasDberry. Fay's 
ProliTc Currant, James Vlck and 
iManctiescer .-ftrawberries. 
All the best Small Fruits. New Illustrated Catalogue 
tree. Address, 


Newcastle, Placer Co., - - - Cal. 

50 000 APRICOTS 

And a 'ante stock of Peaches, Apples, Plums, Keifer and 
Leconte Pears, Grapes and Small Fruits; sizes suitable to 
send by mail, express or freight. Also Pear, Apple, 
Cherry and Quin'-e Stocks. G afts put up to order in 
lar^e and small lots. Catalogues showing how and what 
to plant, with much valuable information, gratis. 

Great NorHiern ami Southern Nurseries, 

Wilmington, Delaware. UANDOLPII PETERS. 


South of Colton on Line of C. S. Ha'lroad. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees of all kinds for sale at 
lowest market rates. Kverylhing sold from thij Nursery 
is warranted to be what it is represented. 

Contracts can be made now fur next season's planting. 


Colton, January, 1883. 


I have for sale a few hurdrcd Picholine Olive Teces 2 
years old from cutting. 


318 Pine Stree^, - - San Francisco. 


In Prices 


Joe Poheim, 


No. 734 Market Street 

— AND — 

203 Montgomery Street. 

Suits formerly made lo order S25, Rfduced to $20. 
Suits formerly made to Order S30, Reduced to $25 
Suits foimerly made to order .$15, Red need to $35. 

By all means call and see JOE POHEIM before 
buymg elsewhere. You will get a stylish cut and 
the be&t workmanrhip, 

I^Special attention is called to a large line just 
imported of Green, Olive. Blue, and all the latest 
colors of finest woolens that the market ever pro 

Perfect Fit Guaranteed 


724 Market Street 

— AND- 

203 Montgomery St., 


Messrs, Batohelor Sc Wylie, 


and Agents for the 

Albion Seed Sower and Cu'tivator, 

37 Market St., S. F. 

Agents Wanted. 

A Library in One Volume. New, authentic and ex- 
haustive. The largest, handsomest, most comprehensive 
and best Illustrated Work on Live Stcck ever issued in 
this country. 

f ndorsed by Veterinary Surgeons and the Agricultural 
Press everywhere. The "Object Teaching" Stock Book 
for every day use. 

The "American Farmers' Pic'.orial Cyclopedia of Live 
Stock," embracing Horset>, Cattle, Swine, Sheep and 
Poultry, including Departments on Dogs and Bees; being 
also a Complete Stock Doctor, combining the (ffeclive 
method of Objtot Teaching with written instructions 

For Terms and Circulars apply to J. DEWING & CO., 
120 Bush St. , Sao Francisco, Cal. 


See the new 
Adams & Westley and Armour 


For Heating or CoolJlag, or 
Send for Circular. 


869 Marke; & 77 Fourth St., 

Mission Rock Dock and Grain Warehouse, 

San Francisco, Gal. 
@5,0OO tons capacity. Storage at ioweat rata 
CALIFORNIA DRY DOCK CO. - • Proprietor* 
nffliH) — m 8 Calif nimla Htreot. Ronm t 

slic TARDS. RrmMn 
, lliiiid Ilm|i 


Ko 2 iiliki, lllr, Vli-iin 
20c. for Allliiin ot 100 >iiiu|ilos linil lUt ot 
. }v\e^nntpri'miumsnnHItcducedPriccList. 
20 line Ulit Ucvel Edge Cur(l8,turued corDer,10c 

AgetilH milk). .',0 per rent. We offer ihe Iftrgont Une of Cartlti 
(he lie^l I'remliiiOH nnil Ihe lowest |iplfe«. We 1111 nil order, 
promplly and i^oiiriiolee itulUfilctloii. Amnleur I*r In I er.. sup- 
plied nllh hlnnb riirils tit nholeHiile prices. K>tal>ll«hed 1S7U, 
NUKTilKOKU CARD WORKS, Korthford, tonn. 

D. Laiiaeirs Astliffla anil Catarrh Reiefly. 

Mrs. W. T. Brown, Monroe, Texas, writes; 
"1 suffered with Asthma ;iO years. Your 
Great Remedy completi ly cured me. I 
wibh all Asthmatic fcuflerers to send 
their address ana get a trial package Free 
of Ona' ge." It relieves instantly so the 
patient can rest and sleep comfortably . Full 
size box by mail $1. Sold by drug|,ists 
generally. Address D. LANGELL, Apple 
Creek, Wayne County, Ohio, proprietor. 

Silos Reservoirs, Head Gates, 

RANPOMB. 402 Monteomerv St.. a. F Send forclrenlar 


New Music Books 


songs which are the people's favorite?. Words often ar- 
rant nor sense, hut tne melodies some of the sweetest and 
1) 8t in the world. The success of the Staion, and is sell- 
ingfiapidly. A fine, large volume, pages lull sheet music 
size, iii bd.; }2..''>0 cl. 

94: Songi. including "Old Folks at Home," and all 
of Koatei'd best. "0)u Uncle Ned," "Rosa Lee," "Kec- 
tucky Home," also "L lly Dale," '•rwiiiklii g Stars," and, 
in faot, a large part of the popular favorities of the last 
thirty years. 

Very Easy Inctriction Bock^, with veiy entertaining 
airs for practice, are Winuei's 

For Violin, For Guitar, 

For Piano. Price of For Cub net Orgun, 

For Cornet. For Accorcloon, 

For Klaiioolef, eaCh For Clarinet, 

For Fife, For Bunja 

For Flute, 75 ctS. 

Simple instructions an l nearly 100 tunes in each. 

Unly euiiion wiiii Guunua'a orcflestration. 
Balfe-s BOHEMIAN C«RL, $1. cop^ wii.ii Liliiettoai d Business. 

MUSICAL FAVORITE. (Just out.) New Book 
of Bound Music. Fine teleciion tf Piano Pieces 
$2 Plain; $2 60 Cloth; «3 GiU. 


CHAS. H. DITSON & CO., 843 Broadway, New York. 

In ElegantScriptType,"' 

on r>0 bfauliliil iinjuii (vil cliroino 
In, IOC. 14 plt«. $ 1. 20 pen 
KCd car.ln with liippcil corners,: 
AgcntB' UrBealhnm contalnlDK nil the 

mported bevel edk'* nnd Batin fringe"* 
llluttrHted prnniiuni llntA privatotenni 
250, CAH- MILLS, Norlhford, Conn. 

"California Chief" 

Patented July 23, 1^82. 

This Machine was Awarded 

And is pronounced by all farmers that have examined 
same to be THE best. Send for circular and piices. 

BRUSH & CO., Agents 
409 California St., - - San Francisco. 



Pacific Coast hailroad, tetween San Luis Obi-ipo and' 
Port Harfoid, in San Lui3 Obispo County, compri&infc 
0,000 acreH of land, and fmbracitg the richest valley 
land in California, is now offered 

In subdivisions, on terms cash, or deferred payments at 
9 per cent, per annum. C. H. PHILLIPS, Trustee. 

For further information, apply to C. H. PHIljLIPS & 
CO., San LiiiH Obispo, Cal., or PACIFIC COAST LAND 
BUREAU. 22 Montgomery St., S^au Francisco, Cal. 


A Serial Story of absorbing interest will be com- 
menced in the Nov ember number of 


All new subscribers for 1883 w 11 receive X^RKK the 
November and Dtcembtr numbeis of this year. Tebms: 
s2 a year; 2coiyit8, ^3.50; 3 copies, $5; 4 copies. .^6; 8 and one 
extra. $12. For sp(cimen nunil'er, coutaiuiug first chapters 
of this interesting stt ry. seud 10 cents. 

T. H. ARTHLR & SON. Ffailadelj hi i. Pa. 


"Farmers' Headquarters." 

Rateg, $1, 35 lo $3.00. 

Free Coach from all Railroad and Steamboat Stations. 

A. & J. H A HN. Proprietors. 

Sawing Made EasyJ 

^ The New Improved 


'Tsthtr and best, 
"1;V IjdV plxte<'n yi jirs old 
i ;in 8iiw Vii^^ fast nuiieafuj. 

Sent ml tent trial Scni) 

postal for IIUistrau-(l (^ataloi-'Nf cciiilainlni; li stlnion- 
hils anil full p:irlicnlars. AQENT.*! WANTED. 
Monarch Lightning Saw Co. , 163 Randolph St. , Chicago.' 


Common and Powdered. 



304 California Street, - - San Francisco. 


DON'T FORGET J);"£,T vi'rvK 

, _ ' HV.W CAUDS, just i,..ucil fcr 1888, («T l«c. 

iTJ.acl.s*!. AlUliroiiios. Tholovelic.l fancy dusifiii cvtr s.oii. 
Toi-xcellnaunHly 1h our uln;. Naineii. u.w tlvW ivi.e. 
iaiiipUi liuok of |>II .lyl.«, ICcvi-l VUci' Iliiporl.-il Il..liJay 
•nd liirlhday Card., wllh )t \ pnco lllunlraUd I'miiUim 
List. iiuc. OullillOc. K. K. EATO.-i 4 CU. Nurtliford. Conn. 

Ttils paper Is printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charles Eneu Johnson & Co., 500 
South 10th St., Philadelphia. Branch Olfl- 
ces— 47 Bose St , New Yotk, and 40 La Salle 
St., Chicago. Agent for the Paciflc Coaet— 
Joseph H. Doretr, 5S0 CoTnmerclal St., S, F. 


pAeiFie [^URAL f RESS. 

[January 20, 1883 

• We deaire to call the attention of th-. Orchirdists and Vineyardlst of Calift rnia to our Litest Improred 


Described b^low 


This plow we first brought to the attention of Agriculturists last Fill, and \U enorm lua sale sirce then stands 
proof of its iuccessful ii troduction. It cons-sts of three n ne inch plows securely fastened to a wrought iron frame, ami 
is easily adjusted, liy a lever, to p!(iw from three to nine inches deep. Iw main paints of idvantacea over other Orchard 
Plows are : 

lat,— Its supeiior work The scil being thoroughly cut up and turned c mpletely over. tfTeclually covering all 
trash and we ids. 

2nd. BtinghuMtlow, it does not interfere with the branches overhead, and is as easily handled around trees and 
vinos as small single plows. 

3J ^Jts trottvimi in thf saving 0/ labor, tim". ami hirge-tl'gh. It if fxcrpdinjhj litjht of draft -two hornfs, in common soil 
teith thisphnr, doinrj bfll.-r imrk and m ire o/il, " ilh oil' mm thin Ihrtt hir^ri and three m vi withthrre sin ile ploirs. 

We have received many flatteriog letteri from A?-ici turis's, in all sections of th; 8>.ate. whT are using the 
••PAUMEK'.S FKIEND. ■ prominent am>ng whom ara Ojl. W. W. Hollister and Mr. Elwood Cooper, of Santa 
Barbara, and Col, Robert Barton, ( f Fresno. We are willing, in a'l cases, to send a pliw on trial, subject to the fo'low- 
Ing guarantee ; That it iriU di belter mrk and m /re of it, with lets k/rs -A ;ih th 111 any phjir in the State of California. 


This implemeDt oonsiets of an 
and LEVELiNVi Bar which does 
not conform to uneven Burfaces. 
but on the contrary (owing to 
the absence of yi*-lding jointe), 


To the rear of thle Crusher 
attached two rows of double 
steel coulters, the peciiHar form 
And arraneement of wh^ch give 

AND J N S !_ K KS THE t T TT 1 N O 

and at the tame time turns and 

lifts the soil. By this process 
more thorough work is accom- 
plished in paFsing over the 
ground twice with the " ACME" 
than FOl R TiMF^s over with the 
spring tooth nr any other har- 
row. After the ni ist thorough 
t(^t it is eaf i to say that the 


iid indeed the itE8T tool of its 
class yet produced. In fact, it 
is the only one yet offered that 


We would he plea"ed to receive coiref pondcnce in relation to the above goodB, and upon applicatio'^, we will 
Cirwa'd more complete descriptions and prices, with the names of Agriculturists who are usiog them. 8end for our Illus- 
trated Catalogue of Agricultural Implements. 

Sole Agents for the Facifli Ccaat for the Farmer's Friend Gang riowr<. Agents For 
California fortheAcoae Hairow. 

3 I Market St.. San Francisco, Cat. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Francisco. 

rVree Coach to and from the Hoase- J. 'W. BECK£B.. Proprietor 

l & P. BAILEV. 




Cor. Main and California Streets, ... 


Stockton, Cal. 


Hade by tbe best manufacturers. Assents tor the San Leandro Plow Co.'a goods; La Belle Farm and Freight Wagons; 
the celeb'Bted ij*.udebiker Spring Wagons. Carriages, Bugzies and Buckboarde. The Utica Agricultural Co. 's goods 
are large y represented by this firm, including their Barley. Hay and Spading Forks, Girden Rakes and Hoes. 

Being S ate Agents for the American Hay Carriers and Elevators, tbey can supply the trade at manufacturers' 

We have a large and complete stock of Gang, Platform Gang and Single Plows aod Harrows, including the Cali- 
fornia Spri ng-Tooth Harrow. 

In connection with Agricultural Implements, we keep in stock a full line of Builders' Hardware and Oarpentera, 
Vooll. By strict attention to business and selling at the Iqwe'it pisiihle rates, we solicit a share of public patronage 




4,000 IN USE. 

Single and Sulky Plows, Seed Sowers, Harrows, Etc. 





To Squirrels, Gophers, Birds, 
Mice, £tc. 

iW BndoTMd by tbe Orange and all otban who have 
aaed it 


Put ap in I lb . 6 St., and 6 gallon tins. Uanulactnred b 

A. R. BOOTH. Eagle Drug Store, 

San Lula Obispo, Cal. 

Cast Plows and 

Of Our Own 

J. H. GONDIT <&. CO., Agents 





Steel Plows, Reversible Molds, Eureka Gangs, Seed Sowers, Harrows, 

Fence Wire, Wheelbarrows, Hardware and Ship IChsndlery. 
Rubber and Leather Belling. Rubber aod Himp Packing. Tent*, Hose and Twine. Garden. Flower and 
Field Seeds— Alfalia 

J. H CONDIT & CO Hunter St., near Mam, Stockton. 


113 Sansome Street. San Francisco. 

W. W. Greener's Celebrated Breech Loading Double Guns. 

W. W. Greener's Trap Gun, 12, 14 or 16 Qauffe, $85. 

A full stock of Colt'a Parker and rtemingtoQ Ouns. Sharp's. Bellard, Winchester, Kennedy, Harlin and Remington 
Sporting Rifles, PiBtols of all kinda . Ammunition in quantities to ,uit. A liberal discount to the tiade. Price liat on 

Save Your Fruit Trees by the Use of 


It Makes Three Machines 

Is the Best Pump in the World. 

Another Ne » Improvement is 


I'an clia ige fr»m Solid Stream to Spray instantly. 

I Hake a Special Nozzle for Spraying Fruit Trees. 


I will send a Sampl-i Pump, express paid, to any expreea sta- 
tion in the U. S or Canad%s for * j.5i. Regular retail prioe. $S. 
Weight. 41 It's Length, 32 inchea I also manufacture, aep- 

ar;ite, the 



I challet fe'f tbe WL>rlJ for its '.<iuaV Cau 
three s-^iiarate dre?Hing8. For .si/i iii'jiit'j Fruit tn 
trated Circular, Price List and Terms to Agents, 
from SIO to $30 in a Biugle dfry; also a long I 
these goods in from 1 to 3 weeks' time. You can 

Price, postpaid. Zioc, $1.25; Polished Brass. $1.75. 

do from 3 to 5 acrefl per day. ')ne pound of Paris green will give an aere 
'-■s lufected with insects of any kind it stands unriTaled. Seud for Illns- 
c-tc, I give tbe names and addr. nst:B of many of my agents, who make 
'Bt of my cust >merB, each oF whom has bought fmni $50 to $2,000 worth of 
make from $10 to $20 per day. Agenta wanted overywh*'rc. 

January 20, 1883.] 


Chaffee College of Agriculture. 

The Chaffee Brothers, proprietors of the lands 
upon which they are estal)lishing the colony of 
Ontario in San Bernardino county, have donated 
to the University of Soutliern California 320 
acres of choice land for the endowment of the 
College of Agriculture of the University of 
Southern California. After mature thought 
they, in consultation with the writer, prepared 
a deed of trust, conveying to A. M. Hough, J. 
P. Widney, E. F. Spence, G. T>. Compton, C. 
K. White and R. M. Widney, in trust, the al- 
ternate lots in the town and villa of Ontario; also 
conveying twenty acres on the main avenue for 
a college campus. This donation is of the pres- 
ent value of flOO,000. From the first sales of 
this trust property will be erected a brick build- 
ing costing not less than JjlOjOOO. This will be 
furnished at a preliminary cost of $2,000. The 
))roceeds from the sales of the rest of the land 
will constitute an Knilowment Fund for this 

In this College will be opened a primary de- 
partment in its early days, so as to furnish the 
best educational advantages for the children of 
the community from early childhood up. Such 
commercial and academic learning as the wants 
of the connnunity demand will be given. The 
fidl college course in all tlie departments of ag- 
riculture and horticulture will be taught. Thus 
in the midst of this community, which is des- 
tined to be mainly agricviltural and horticultu- 
ral, will be the most powerful auxiliary, labor- 
ing to throw all scientific light j)Ossible on the 
industries of the people. - .1/. Wiibn-y, in 
Ontario Fruit Grower. 

"Crackle" Glass. 

An ingenious process for producing glass with 
an iced or crackled surface, suitable for many 
decorative purposes, lias been invented in France 
by Bay. The product appears in the form of 
sheets or panes, one side of which is smooth 
and glossy like common window glass, while tiie 
other is rough and filled with innumerable crev- 
ices, giving it tlie frozen or crackled appearance 
so much admired for many decorative purposes. 
The peculiar crackled surface is obtained by 
covering the surface of the sheet on the table 
with a thick coating of some cross-grained flux 
mixed to form a paste, or with a coating of 
some more easily fusible, and then subject- 
ing it to the action of a strong fire, cither open 
or in a inutile. As soon as the coating is fused, 
and the taljle is red hot, it is withdrawn and 
rapidly cooled. The superficial layer of flux 
separates itself in this operation from the un- 
derlying glass surface, and leaves behind the 
evidence of its attaclimcnt to the same, in the 
form of numberless irregulai-ities, scales, irreg- 
ular crystal forms, etc. , giving the glass surface 
the peculiar appearance to which the above 
name has been given. The rajiid cooling of the 
glass may be facilitated with the aid of a stream 
of cold air, or by continuously projecting a 
fine spray of cold water upon it. By protect- 
ing certain portions of the glass surface fronr 
contact with the flux, \\ ith the irse of a template 
of any ornamental or otlrer desired form, these 
portions will retairr their ordinary appearance, 
and will show tlie form of the design very 
strongly outlined beside the crackled surface. 
In this manner letters, arabesque and other pat- 
tei-ns, in white or colored glass, can be pro- 
duced with great ease and fine effect. 

The Storks & H.\rrison Co., of Painesville, 
Ohio, issue an unusually fine and complete cata- 
logue this year. It contains nearly everything 
that could "ije asked for for garden, oi-chard or 
ornamental grounds. 

Perch ERON-NoRMANS. — The new catalogue 
of M. W. Dunham, of Wayne, Du Page county, 
Ills., is the finest publication on the Perclieron- 
Norman stock which we have seen. 

The Rural for 1883. 

The many tiibuteg to the value of tho Rural Phkss 
which we have received from readers, assure us that our 
promises of a year ago have been fulfilled. This induces us 
to continue and extend our efforts, for there is nothing so 
inspiring and encouraging as the approval of those 
whom we labor to please. The Rurai, Prkss for 18S2 has 
contained more pages than any previous year; it has pre- 
sented important subjects more fully and carefuUj ; it 
has secured the aid and co-operation of a much greater 
number of able and practical contributors — and in short, 
so our readers say, has been a credit to the State and an 
invaluable aid in the advancement of our agricultural in- 
dustry, and an iLfiuence in the improvement of our 
homes and the elevation of our people. 

Now we propose to make the Rubal Prbss for 1883 
much better than the volume which is now closing, and 
in this effort we bespeak the aid and support of all in 
whose interest we work. By the aid of special contribu- 
tors, who are experts in the matters on which they write, 
we propose to present by far the best collection of farm 
and homo literi,ture which has ever been furnished to Pa- 
cific coast readers. 

Instead of the regular sized Eixteen page sheet of our 
weekly isBues, we shall repeatedly print enlarge! editions 

From 24 to 32 Pages, 

On special themes which are most timely. They will be 
In the main as fuUows, with such changes as may be 

January 13 -Agricultural Review. 
Statistics of production of 1882, etc., and a forecast of 
prospects for ISS.'i so far as discernible. 

February 3— Da'ry Edition. 
The extent of the dairy Interests, their practices and 
materials, the progress of the effort against bogus but- 
ter, etc. 

February 24- Patriotic Edition 
Washington's birthday, with reviews and illustrations 
appropriate to the occasion; also references to arboricul- 
ture, floriculture, etc., which will be seasonable. 

Marc^ lO— Southern California Edition. 

Semi-tropical Illustrations and matters of historical, 
climatic Interest concerning southern California, its natu 
ral wealth and resources, and its wonderful recent ad- 

April 7-Spring Work. 
Agricultural machinery, haying and harvesting, home 
seeking, Ubor statistics, review of m:'.nufactureg, markets, 

May 5-Live Stock Edition 
Reviews of all kinds of haired and feathered farm stock, 
with notes on breeding, feeding, treatment of diseases, etc. 

May 26-Tourl8tb' Edition. 
Fine Illustrations of Pacific coast scenery, camping 
sketches and information, watering places at home and 
abroad, etc. 

June 16 Harvest Edition. 

Thrashing machinery, grain cleaners, etc., the outlook 
for grain vulues and the records of former years. 

The foregoing Is an outline of the wo. k, but we shall 
reserve the right to do much better, If we can. Readers 
may expect a vigorous and wide-awake journal, and may 
recommend it as such to their friends and neighbors. 

SACRAMKr«To, Jan. 15, 1883. 
EDrxORS PAcrrrc Hdral Prbss:— In your issue of the 
13th instant appears an article headed "A Valuab'e 
Peach," signed by one O. O. Goodrich, in which he used 
my name without warrant or authority for the purpose of 
advertising his trees. That the public may know the 
true history of the peach In question, 1 deem it my duty 
to stat^ that during the past season for budding nursery 
trees a gentleman by the name of Edwards brought some 
buds to the nursery and desired to have rhem budded for 
lms:lf. Ui-on being requested, he brought two speci- 
mens of pea-^hes of the same variety, and stated they 
were grown on a tree in the garden of Mr. J. A. Lowry, 
in Sacramento City. L'pon seeing the peach and learning 
where it was grown, I immediately went to Mr. Lowry's 
place, and was kindly permitted to take as many buds as 
could be cut without injury to the tree, and learned that 
the tree had been purchased from Mr. Goodrich four 
years previous. I also purchased a few peaches that re- 
mained, arrd taking them to an artist, had a painting 
made from a large dish of them, and exhibited both paint- 
and fruit at the Stute Fair, which caused the article to 
be published In the Record- Union from which Mr. Good- 
ch quotes. I Immediately went to Mr. Goodrich to 
learn what he knew of the origin of toe peach in ques- 
tion, saying that Mr. Edwards claimed it to be tho same 
as produced from a Lcedllng raised by his father several 
years before. Mr. Goodrich stated that In hunting for 
some buds of the Orange Cling four or five years before, a 
neighbor advised him to bud a seedling peach that Mr. 
Edwards had growing, and that ho had done so, and pre- 
sumed this was one of those trees. He stated that he 
had never seen the peach, and knew nothing of Its mer- 
its; that the flood of 1879-80 had destroyed all his stock, 
nd that he had never propagated It since. Yet in the 
article referred to he advertises trees one year from bud 
for sale, while the article quoted from the Sacramento 
Record-Union is true. Mr. Goodrich knows it was pub- 
lished without my knowledge. He also knows that I 
have brought this peach to public notice, and If there Is 
ny ' credit" In bringing this valuable variety of fruit into 
general cultivation, It will certainly not be due to Mr. 
Goodrich. He has stated before reliable witnesses that he 
never saw the Edwards Cling, or California peach, until 1 
showed hiru the specimen on exhibition at the State Fair. 
He also knows that In all advertisements of C. W. Reed 
tSc Co. they have given the true origin ef the peach as be- 
ing from a seedling grown by the late Mr. Edwards, of 
Sacramento county. C. W. Rekd. 

Paper Pulp.— A mill has been completed 
at Alta for the production of paper pulp fr-om 
fir tr-ees, which will be shipped to Stockton and 
then be made into paper. 

Tirrj only eclentlfio Iron Medicine that docs not produce 
headache, etc., but gives to the sjstem all the benefits of 
ron without its bid effects, Is Brown's Iron Bitters. 

List of U. S. Patents for Pacific Coast 

From the official list of U. S. Patents in DnwiiT & Co.'s 
Scisr«Trvro Prkss Patbnt Aobncy, 252, Market St., S. F. 

For WEErt ENorNO January 2, 1832. 
270 171 —Car CocPLrNO- Wm Adams, Salem, Or. 
209.9.9.— Car CoEPLiNO-Geo W. Bedbury, Portland, 

'^'269,912.- Fadcet— J. L. Berry & S. Oladney, Antelope, 
Cal * 

270 GDI — GRArN Separator— Daniel Beat, Albany, Or. 

270 007 — E« tALrzrNO Ar-PARATns por Pumpino anu 
OrrrER MAcrrrsRRV— Clias Bridges, San Fernando, Cal. 

270 008.— LADDBR-Chas. Bridges. San Fernando, Cal. 

269 8.12 — FRcrT Stoker— J. M. Harlow, Brighton, Cal. 

269,855.— Safety AI'PLIANCE roR Er,KVAT0R8— L. H. 
He.nemann, S. F. ^ tt t i 

269,803.— Iron and Illdminatino STAtRS— P. H. Jack- 

*°269*948.— Fbathbrinq Paddlk Wheel— Ohas. Megow, 

269 952.— Hand RocR DRrH/— E. Moreau, S. F. 
270.095.— CORR ExiRAcrOR— Rob't. Morgan, Stockton, 

269 903.-HAND OR WrRE VrsE-S. B. Whitehead, S. F. 

209,982.— Two-wirEBlED VErricLE— G. A. Wright, L.. H. 
Fowler and S. Shaw. Napa, Cal. 

269,988 — S>T.CK Car— A. V. Anderson, Virginia City, 

Son.— Copies of H. S. and Foreign Patents fornlahed 
by Dbwbt 4 Oo. In the shortest time possible (by tele- 
graph or otherwise) at the lowest rates. All patent bUBi- 
ness for Pacific coast Inventors transacted with perfect 
eecurity and in the shortest possible time. 

Pri nino S.wv. — Great improvement has been 
nrade in pruning saws during the last few years, 
The narrow adjustable blade, made to saw at 
any angle to the plane of the back, permits tlfe 
free cutting even where space is exceedingly 
small and where an ordinary saw could not be 
insertctl. In other points the pruning saw has 
been improved until now it is hai-d to see an 
chance for improvement. A. T. Hatch showed 
us the other day a saw which is now being made 
at the Pacific Saw Company shop in this city 
It has some of the points of the .Jessup saw, but 
has a round handle, which is nrucli easier 
than the old fashioned form. It discards the 
thick-front-and-thin-back blade which Mr. Jes 
sup adopts and has a blade of even thickness 
which it is claimed makes a smoother cut, etc 
This form of saw was fii-st made, we believe, by 
Mr. Toiiner, of San .lose. Quite a rrunrber- 
now being used. 

Our Redwood at the East.— We have fre 
quently mentioned the increased demand for 
California redwood at the East. A dispatch 
from New York on Saturday says: California 
.edwood is meeting with a good demand and 
becoming popular for many purposes. Quotes 
at .*65 to 170 per 1,000 feet. 

•'Brown's Bioncltial Troches are excellent 
for the relief of Hoarseness or Sore Throat. They are c 
ceedingly effective."- C/iWsfmn World, London, Jliiij- 

A Valuable Peach, Etc. 

A New Year's Gift, 

Editors Press:— I desire to present a New Yeat s 
to a friend who Is a farmer, and I know of none more 
useful than the RnRAl Press. Please send it for one 
year to the name written on the other page. No farmer 
can afford to be without the Press. We take 13 papers 
and magazines, and none is more sought tor by the family 
than the Rcral Press. 

G. W. TiirsSELL. 

Winters, Cal. 

Our Agents 

Odr Friends can do r^uch in aid of our paper and the 
cause of practical knowledge and scicnca, by assisting 
Agents In their labors of canvaseing, by lending their in- 
fluence arrd encouraging favors. We intend to send none 
but worthy met 
G. W. MoGrew— Santa Clara county. 
M. P. Owen— Santa Cruz county. 

J. W. A. WRrOHT— Merced, Tulare and Kern counties. 
Jarbd C. Hoaq— California. 

B. W. Crowell — Los Angeles and San Bernardino 

L. Walrer — Sacramento, San Joaquin and Stanislaus 

Geo. JIcDowErjL— Alameda and Marin counties. 
N. H. Hapo jOd— Plumas county. 
E. T. Tuurston— San Francisco. 

Our attention has been called to the remarkable cura- 
tive properties of Burnham's Abietene. It Is not a com- 
pound, but a pure distillation from a peculiar kind of 
Sr balsam. It is really one of nature's remedies. Used 
both Internally and externally. As a specific for croup 
It stands without a rival, and does away with the nause- 
ating effects of hive syrup and emetics. Cures colds, 
coughs, sore throat, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney 
troubles, etc. Used as a liniment for bruises, bums, stiff 
joints, sprains, poison oak, etc., it has no superior. For 
circulars and testimorrials of Its merits address Wm. M. 
Hickman, druggist, Stockton, Cal. For sale by all 
druggists. Price, 60 cts. and 81 per bottle. 

To Printers and Publishers. 

We ofier Scotch brevier type (same as used on this paper) 
for sale in any quantity from loo lbs. to :,ooo Itis , for so 
cents per lb., if ordered soon. Also, several hundred pound; 
of nonpareil at favorable rates. The type is in good condi 
lion and is of a very durable character. 

Also for sale, desirable fonts of second-hand display type 
at less than half the price of new. 


A Turned Leaf will point out the article supposed to 
be of special interest to persons receiving sample copies 
of this paper. 

Important additions are being continually made in 
Woodward's Gardens. The grotto walled with aquaria Is 
constarrtly receiving accessiorrs of new fish and other 
marine life. The number of sea lions Is Increased and 
there Is a better charrce to study their actions. The 
pavilion has new varieties of performances The floral 
department is replete and the wild animals in good vigor. 
A day at Woodward's Gardens is a day well spent. 

How TO Stop this Paper.— It is not a herculean task tf, 
utup this paper. Notify the publishers by letter. If It 
corjes beyond the time desired, you can depend upon it 
we do not know that the subscriber wants it stopped. So 
be sure and send us notice bv letter. 

Best of the Twelve. 

A valued subscriber, I. N. Wright, of Tulare 

county, writes as follows: 

"Hease continue to send the Rdrai. Pekss. We can- 
not do without It, as it gives us more information in re- 
g.ard to agricultur'e and horticulture, aird, In fact, more 
general information than all the other 12 papers we 

Aoents can now grasp a fortune. Outfit worth $10 
sent free. Full partrculars addrets E. 0. Rideodt & Co ., 
10 Barclay St. , New York. 

Humane Shearing. 

Many Inventions have been prompted by a e"» ilre to dl- 
miirleh pain and sufferliig, either to man or to his faith- 
ful animals, and much good has been accomplished in 
this way, while at the same time the handling of a"lmal» 
has been made easier and more satisfactory. A devi -e of 
this class is one lately patented by Clairessa B. Cook of 

ardj. The front standard is made of a sultab e bight to 
hold its collar at the bight of the animal's neck, and 
desired. It may be fitted to be adjusted or slide up and 
down for this purpose. The collar is composed of two 
parts, one of which is rigidly fi.ved to the top of the stand- 
ard and the other Is hinged to one side of It, so as to 
close over the animal'^ neck and be secured by a snap or 
catch. The rear standard has a clasp, or collar of similar 


If taken In its incipient stages, the progress of Co 
sumption can be arrested by the use of Compound Ox 
gen It Is bfing done in a large number of cases. G 
URS Starrey & Palen's Treatise on Compound Oxygen 
and study the facts for your-elf. They will send rt free. 
Address them at 1109 Girard Street, Philadclpbra 

All orders for the Compound Oxygtn Home Treatment 
directed to H. E. Mathews, 600 Montgomery St , San 
Francisco, will be filled on the same terms as if sent dr- 
rectly to us In Philadelphia. 

Over 180,000 Howe Scales Sold— Hawley 
Eros.' Hardware Co., General Agents, San 

I his city, who has just invented the arrangement for 
sheep shearing which is shown In the accomparrylng en- 
gravitig. It consists of standards Iraving collars so 
hinged to them that they may be opened and clasped 
around tire neck and the hitrd legs of the animal respec'.- 
ively, and thus hold It firmly while being operated upon. 
Theengraring shows how this is dorre. Tho machine 
has a bise, which may be of wood, or floorlrrg, or if the 
d :vlce U to be used a great deal in one place, a separate 
base may be dispensed wli'>, and the ttandards may be 
fixed in the ground. There are front and rear stand- 

construction, fixed horizontally upon the upper end, and 
atsu-h a lirght that the collar will just clatp the hind 
legs above tho ganibiel joint. ThU holds the hind legs pei- 
fecily still, and the collar upon the front standard holds 
the neck of tho animal so that but little movement Is poE- 
sible, and none which will do any damage. Shearing cr 
other operations may then be carried on rapidly and 
safely without injury to tho animal or trouble to the 

Any further Information which may be desired may be 
obtained by addresting Clairbssa B. Cook, 

212 Kearny St.,S,F. 


pAeiFie [^URAL f RESS. 

[January 20, 1883 

Canal Construction' in ErROPE. — Among 
the many canals projected on the continent of 
Europe is one to connect the Danulje ami the 
Kibe, one from Cologne to Antwerj), and a third 
to connect Brussels and Loiivaiu witli the sea, 
likewise l>y way of Antwerp. The Danube- 
Elbe project is an important one, for tlie pro- 
posed canal would be miles long, and 
would, it is estimated, cost .'?-3),000,(KX). The 
depth of the water in th<^ canal would be six 
and a half feet, and tlie w idth of the canal bed 
forty-eiglit feet. Tlie value of eaeli of these 
canals oliviouslj- would \)C very great; and 
that connecting Cologne and .-Vntwerp would 
have an immense influence in still further de- 
veloping the resoui ces of IJelgium. Tlie pros- 
perity of Cologne wovdd be greatly enhanced, 
a consummation most devoutly to be wished, if 
it should carry ^^•ith it some diminution of the 
famous "seventy stinks, all well defined, and 
several stenclics," of the city of the Eleven 
Thousand Virgins^ 

LvMiNor^j Paint. — The color of the light of 
luminous pauit is generally white, or at first a 
little bluish or yellowish white. A Dresden 
firm now produces various ]iaints — pure white, 
blue, red, green, violet and gray, so that the 
objects which become luminous at night may 
have a pleasing appearance by day. This paint 
is fast lieconiing utilized for various purposes. 
The last use noticed is that of a railway carriage 
painted inside, ami intended to be placed on one 
of the trains between Lomlon and Rotherliitlie, 
via the Tliames tunnel. Although oidy one- 
half of tlic available space of tlie carriage is 
painted, the phosphorescent light is quite suf- 
ficient to enalde the passengers to distinguish 
small objects when passing through the tunnel: 
.and, moreover, the light is powerful enough to 
enable a person to read the indication of an or- 
dinary watch. It is jirobable that tlie railway 
companies will be enaldcd to eft'eet a consider- 
able saving in gas and oil by using the i>hos- 
phorescent paint. 

Utilizing Pyritks.— The manufacture of sul- 
phuric acid from pyrites has recently licen com- 
menced at Nashville, Tenn., and at Atlanta, 


Squirrel Poison. 

Reasons of its Superiorily: 

1 Equirrels will eat It any time in the 

2 It does not Loee Its St-engtb by Expos- 
ure to tae Air. 

3. It la Cheaper thtin the Farmer can 
manufiClvire It. 

A. J. McLEOD, 

I.ivernior«, Alameda Co., CALIFORNIA. 



Ooraer of Front and M Streets, Sacramento 


Fruit and Packing Boxes IVIade to Order. 

W Ooinmanl<»tlor.s Promptly Attended to. It 
OOOK M SONS. Sncraniinni »^ Convii * Onwwi*'' 





Tbe StaiKliirtI 4»r America. 

Admitted by leading Soo^lsmen 
and Markijt l lardeners tvcrywhero 
to bu the moat perfect and re- 
liable Drill in use. iSeud for circu- 
lar. Mciniifaclure:! only by 

EVERETT Bl SMALL, Boston, Mass. 

Hawley Uros. Hanlworu Co. Sin Fiaticisoo, C'al . and 
Kn«pp, Burrett i Co., Purtland, Origon, Aiieiita for I'atilic 




In 1-lb. and 5-lb. Cans. 
WAKELEE & CO.. Chemists, 

Occidental Hotel, 8. P. 






_^ o 

-I -> 

3 u 

^ 3 





The "ArBTK" gubJecU the Boil to the action of a Crusher and Leveler. and at the game time to the Cutting, 
Lifting, 'Kiriiii.); process of double rows of STEKL COULTERS, the peculiar shape and arrangement of which Rive 
Ininieuso Cuttinif Power. The entire absence tf Spikes or Spring Teeth avoids t itllin^ up rubbish. It is eppepiall) 
adapted to inverted sod, hard cliiy and "slough land" where other Harrows utterly fail, and also works perfectly on 
li<ht soil. 

XASH & BRO., Sole Manufacturers, 

Manufactory and Principal CEQee : 


SOLD IN CALIFORNIA BY: n. Adams & Ron, San Gabriel; Oliver Ilolden, San Jose, John 
Tuoliy, V ii,. ; Ci .j bull .v (.o , tan Mancisco. Sold in Utah, Montana and Idaho by Geo. A. Lowe, Silt Lake City. 


O Pool's Signal Service Barometer 

oit STO,;.*i <;l.\ss ami TiiKK.:NMii:Ti:it co.>ibi.\l:i>, 

ItwiUdftiTtaii liiidit-at*' (■"UTi.-<-t!y any fhaiiu'e iii tliu wi-athcr 12 to 48hmir.'» 
in advance Jt wi.l t>-ll what kiinl i-I* '^f'>nn is ;i;>pn>aclii!i'_'. and fnua wliyt 
dircctinii— iiivulii:il>l4' lo ii:iiti»i--<. l-'ii i*iiM'i'.'>t l aii plan thoiruork 
in r.tnliiiu" til \\< pr»-dirtiiiii-. Sii \ f*. .>0 liitir-« iIn t'owi m ii Hinu-u- M-a.s<ni. 
Huh uu arcnratf^ tlit-nii m.' U rutta< li-- I, w hu ll ai"iu' i< wt-rtli tli-- iTit fot tlm 
(■.^ini.:natiuii. Tlii^ kt.-..: w ICA'I'II |:|{ IMMCATOK is, ii.l.>i.-rd 1.\ Hi. 

•L:;::;:;i;ii^::i?.;;7i;;-;i.n;';:r;i- BEST IN THE WORLD ! 

rii'- I lf-riii'>iiii-t«T and JJ,iriHiu-t<T an* jmt iii a iiiL-ol.\ liu; -lir.l walnut I raim-, 
V ith ^ilvL•^ I'tatcd triiiiinin^.s, etc.. inuklUK' It a li4-antilnl an wi-ll usrlnl>u-. 
uanit-nt. We will «<-nd you a Fajnpk' one, <ir/ir^r"//W--. to yoiirplafo.inM'ood 
nnlrr, on iv: cipt ol Sji I, or hix for Afft'iilsarcuuikiiitr lr««ni $r, to*2ii 

(laii> fiellill'-' tlH'lll. ,1 triitl iriK cm inrr ytin. ()rit<T at ' mo. It Ni'll?* nL 

SH; lITi Jn«t till' thiny to soli to fiinncrs. nuTi liant-'. t-tc InvaluaM"' tu 
♦ •Vfrybody. I'. S. Vostai.'-i' Stiimps taki-n if m iziu^X finirr. hut niiinr\ pn-. 
forii-d. AtfOiilH wiiiilcd <»vrry wlirrr. Si-ml for ('irnilMr amltVnus. 
AH.lnsK all nnlrrs in OSWKIJO Til I:K.>HK>I KTIJC WOKliS, 

ivf.T to tlic Mayor. Piistniat^UT. County Clcrti. rii>t ami St-runa 
Natiunal Banks, or any ImsineHs iumsc i!i i )-w«--'o. N. V. 

Wriif, t/onr Pnsf liftivf. Count'/ 'Hid Sf<ttf t'lii'"ly, and ntnit l"j munty-order, 
drn/t nn .Wir J'orA' if .tifUrt^'i I* 'trr, at nur risk. 
I hU will mukf a Ucaullt'ul and Vvry I'Hvriil Present. 

I fln'l Pool's l!sr<im<-tiT nurlc* a-* weU at fun- that co>t^ litiy dullarn. You citii rely on it 
evtry time. TApr. Chan. It. K,>ukiui, Sblp *'Twili)()it," Sau Krsnclsco. 

Harometpr r«.ri'iv<-<l In coo*! oril>*r, anil mii-t ^ny that the instrunH'iit gh-es Bat- 
i,-raction in cvory rfUjtL-cl. Jt ia n^^aily iim-lc oml won-lerfiinv chfiip m two ilollars. i 
Gko. II. I'Aiwn.-sN. M. C. K. K. Olli. r. iHtroli, Mich. 
PfioVfl BarompWrr ban alrfiitlv gaved nn- maiiv tlmcB it* rn>t, in rorcii-liimr ihr wt'aiher. 
It I- ^ woDd«'rfiil ciiriosiiv nn^i wirk^* to [.rpr.rti..n. V. J. R..iii£i;tv^n, Milwnuk.-e.Wt-. 

BinVAKK OF WOUTHUrss l.UITATHINS, None »retuiiii« 
without oiir Trade ^fark, and tiiy^iatui-c of J. A. rooi., i>n back of lutitru- 
uieut, as b-jlow : Z' ^ _ .-^ ^ — ' A O .^j^i^, i 



Kvery in"trnment »'nrriinleit rrr frn and HrlUMr. Size 9y Inches lonp, 
wid<>. If not sati'.lierl < lu roeeivinjr the lii.^triinient, rf tnrii it at onci ulnl 
wo willrefim l j oui money. Pluri'^c Htat; whore A"t u ^\vuiu-utlvcrtii>eiiieul. 

Machine Company, 

PARKE & LACY Proprietors. 

No. 8 California Street, 

San Francisco, Cal 

Importers and Dealers in every Variety of 


Stationary, Portable and Hoisting: Engines and Boilers, 


Stilngle Mills, Emery Grinders and Emery Wheels, Oardner Qovemors, Leather 
and Rubber Beltlner and Packing, together with a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies. 
Catalog:uee and Price LUta furnished on application, 

Lands for Sale and to Let. 


Good water, rich soil and magniticent view. 
High elevation, dry air, few fogs and norther!'. 

No brnah or iences on the land, which is ea- 
pecially adapted to the caltare of the orange 
and raisin grape. 

Near to church, school, store and depot. 
Hotel open. Telephone Communication. 

Stage from San Bernardino Tuesdays, Thurs- 
days and Saturdays. 

The price of land baa steadily advanced from 
the first price of §-^0 per acre until now it ia 
held at .S'200 per acre. 





Good Crops £vnry Season 
Without Irrigation. 

Free by mail, specimen unmljer of "Thr CalifuriiUiii Real 
EsiaU Ercliaiiiir mitl Marl," lull of rel alile iufuiinatiou cn 
climate. pro<luction!i, etc.. of 


AddicflA " E -ichtt oijf .1 .l/'ir'.* Santa Cruz, Cal. 


Real Estate Agents, r.', Kearny St , San Francisco. 
Farms, Frait and Orchard Lands, bht-ep Ranches and 
Timber Land for sale atid eichange. ."ienrt stamp f(.r 















Curvature of the Spine, Wry-Neck, An- 
chylosis, Club Feet and Bow Legs. 

Truisee and Crutches, Elastic St.ickiii(ta for Varicose 
Veins. Supporters and BantlaKes of every description. 
Also, inventor of the Celebrated Antenwri>;th'9 Club Foot 
Shoe. Send for circulars. WM. AOTENRIBTH, 
7 1 West Sixtti street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 



417 Kearny Street, Ban Francisco. 

The only Husit.ess C-oUege on (he Pacilic Cra^t iu irbfcb 
Trxl BookM are furnidied FBKK to Stuleuts, 
For Circulars address (;. E. BARNARD, Munagir. 



E. A. SCOTT & CO., 

Proprittors for Ihc Pacific, 

P. 0. Box 293, Sacramento, Cal. 

Hayes' Fire TrucK. 

l^CircuUiB Forwarded Free to any Addre«8..Cr 


« Cj >o"<-i>'-"l.' l"-"iC..I 1.,, l,,„. 
^ iin oil t.SUIKI. Illllltllll l;irik. 

1,111,1', Ju.l .,111, IIP .1-. SCM.ll. l BI.ti l.T 
LIM.I'\ ii.s il liirliril rurlii r.. iiiiil |il;ilii,Idr. 
Vi \ i.\tt\. M.lllillS lijiiri.l, nr» rm- 
Uusv.l l^an.l il. .i.-n^ Jllr. I i »in |h8 
[• cnrrtil Itv lliittil flnwrr*, -Sf. 
' IH.|> .(llinni vr Kiniplf frir ts,'nl«. Rc- 
l.l-U JLr. Jim .\»n IIISII.VS .n.lil<.d Ihh 
Unli r. |imiii|.ll> nilril. III. ( > K I t IIIIS •! 
. STKVKVS BHDS. A <l». .Ncirllifonl. Cann. 

January 20, 1883.] 



Six lines or less in this Directory at 60c. a line per month. 


PETER S.AXB & SOS., Lick House, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. Importers and Breeders, tor paet 12 years, 
ol every vaiieiy of Cattle, Horses, bheepand Hogs. 

WILLIAM NILBS, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write for circular. 

btatiun, S. K. & N. P. K. K., bunoiua County. VVilired 
Page, Manager. P. O. address, Petaluma, Cal. Short 
Horn Bulls and Cows, cipanish Merino Bucks and Ewes, 
for sale at reasonable figures. 

SYLVESTER SCOTT, Cloverdale, Sonoma Co., Cal., 
Breeder ot Kecoraed Thoroughbred bhort Horn Cattle 
and Spanish Menno Sheep. Jacks and Jennets tor sale 
at reasonable figures. 

MRS. M. E. BRADLEY, San Jose, Cal. Breeder of 
recorded thoroughbred abort Horn Cattle and Berk- 
shire hogs. A cnoice lot ot young stock lor sale. 

aOBT. BECK, San Frandsco. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Jersey catile. Herd took Six Premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881. 

CEO. BEMENT, Redwood City, San Uateo Co., CaL 
Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle. Several flue young Bulla, 
Ifeariings and Calves For Sale. 

R. J. MERKELBY, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of 
Percheron Wormau Horses ana Short Horn and Graded 

B. McENESPY, Chico, Butte Co., Cal. Breeder ot 

Thoroughbred Devons 

P. J. SHAFTER, Okma. Cal. BrccderoJ fine Jerseys 

iSHttH AND aUA/6'. 

L. U. SHIPPBE, Stockton, CaL Importer and 
Ureeder of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Red 
Du oc and Berkshire Swine. High Qraded Rams lor 

B. W. WOOLSBY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal. Importers and Breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City office. No. iU California 
St., S. F. 

J. B. HOYT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and Importer of iihropshire Sheep, hams and Ewes 
for sale. AUo cross-bred Merino aad Shropshire. 


TH03. WAITS, Brighton, Cal. Breeder and im 
porter of pure bred poultry. Langehan egg?, $6.00 per 
dozen. Light Brabmas, Plymouth Kocks, Partridge 
Cochins, W. F. B. Spanish, Brown and White Leghorns, 
Spangled Hamburgs, Golden Sebrights, Bantams, Tou 
louse Geese and Pekin Ducks' eggs, $3.00 per dozen. 

O. J. ALbKB, Santa Clara, Cal., Importer and Breed 
er of Standard Poultry: American Sebrights, Langshans, 
Plymouth Kocks ana Brown Leghornd. Langshau eggs 
84.00 per setting. Other varieties, $3.0o. l^'ow.s and 
Cnicks for sale. 

J N. LUND, cor. Webster and Booth Sts., Oakland, 
P. Box no. Breeder of Thoroughbred Poultry, Ply- 
mouth Kocks, Brown Leghorns, Light Brahmas, Lang- 
Bhans and B. B. R. Game Bantams. CjTKggs and l^owls 
for sale. 


Santa Rosa, Cal. High-class Poultry. Eggs for hatch- 
ing. Langshaus, J3..50; Li^ht Brahmas, »2 50; Brown 
Leghorns, $'i per seitiug 

MRS L. J. WATKINS, San Jose, Cal. Pure bred; 
Faacy PouUri ; White and Brown Leghorns, Plymoth 
Rocks, Langshans and Houdans. Eggs and Fowls. 

T. D. MORRIS, Sonoma, Cal. Toulouse and Emb- 
deu Geege, Bronze and W. Holland Turkeys, and all 
Uudin.; \arielie3 of Thoroughbred Poultry. 

MRS. M. E. NEWHALL, San Jose, Cal. Bronze 
Turkeys, Brown Leghorns, Langshans, Plymouth 
Rocks, Pekin Ducks. Fowls and Kggs in season. 

TOULOUSE QEESE— $8 per pair, or $10 per 
trio. M Dwight, Fulton, Cal. 

L. C. BYCE, Petaluma, Cal. Breeder of thoroughbred 
Poultry. Illustrated ciicular free. 


JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder ol Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock ot Hogs are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 

TYLER BEACH, San Jose. Cal. Breeder of thor- 
oughbred Berkshires of stock imported by Gov. Stanford 


Big Hedge Poultry Yards 



20 Houdang, 
20 Langshans, 
50 Brown Leghorns, 
50 White Leghorns, 

25 Black Spanish, 
50 Buff Cochins, 
100 Plymouth Rocks, 
25 Golden Poland^. 

For fur'.her particulars address ag above. 


Importer and Breeder of all the best known and most 

profitable varieties of Land and Water Fowls. 
Brahmas, Cocbins, Houdans, Langs'- ana 
Leghorns, follah Hamburgs, 
Bronze Turkeys, 
And the new fowl, AMERICAN SEBRIGHT or EUREKA. 



No. 1, Capacity, 550 Eggs, Price. $90. 
No. 2, •• 250 " '• 65 

No. 3, " 180 " " 45 

Guaranteed to hatch NINETY PER CENT, of all fertile 
eggs; 9,000 chickens succesafully reared from two of these In- 
cubators last season. For further particulars send stamp 
for illustrated circular to 4];K4». K. BAYI.EY, 

Box 1771, San Francisco. 

Ot Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and priceg on application to 

Baden Station - - San Mateo Co. 


For Hatcliing; 

Fromjas fine Thoroughbred Poultry as was ever brought 
to the Pacific Coast. Large Illustrated Cir- 
cular Free. Send for it. 

L. C. BYCB, 

pi 0. Box 71. Petaluma, Sonoma Co, Cal 

Oakland Poultry Yards, 

Cor. and Caatro Sta., Oakland, Cal. 

TK.\r>E M.VRK 

Unscrupulous persons, envious of the Fame and World- 
wide Reputation ot 


Are, by fraidulently imitating the style ot packages even 
to forging the very trademark of the Imperial, endeavor- 
ing to put upon the market 

Worthless Stuff of No Value to Fowls, 

Under a name so similar to the Imperial as to be easily 
mistaken for it at first sight. We take this means of 
cautioning our numerous customers a^iainat the fraud. 

The Imperial Egg Food is now used in every part of the 
United States, and its sale on this coast is simply won- 
derful, our order book showing that every customer con- 
tinues' to order, while every letter received is J. testimo- 
nial for the Imperial. In purchasing, see that you get 
THE IMPERIAL and none other, no matter how nearly 
similar in name and appearance. Send for Circula s and 
testimonials. „ , , „ 

Retail Priceg of Imperial Egg Pood :—l Pound 
Packaze, 60 Cents; 'l\ Pound Package, $1.00; 6 Pound 
Box,'.$2 00; 25 Pound Keg, 80.25. 

Sold by the trade generally, or address 

G. G. WICKSON, 319 Market St., S. F. 


We have for sale at our farm at Mountain View thor 


From our Thoronghlired Berkshire Boar and Sow, which wf 
Imported from England in 1880. Pig i from Imported Boai 
ind Sow $25 each. From Iiniiorfced Boar and ThorotiKhhred 
Sow, $10 to $20. Our Imported Pigs are as nice Pigs « 
nere are in the otate. Audrcas, I. J. Ituman, S. F. 

Baby Machine in Operation. 


Thirty egg?i rapacity. $12; fiO eggs capacity. $20. Never yet 
e3rliil)ite(l withon*^ coiftptHtiini, and always awarded First 
I'reinium; 1682 Silver Medal and Diwlunia, State Fair, over 


1881 Sonoma and Marin District Fair, and 1882 First Pre- 
mium. Diploma and only Spiriul awarded in the entire 
Fair, in competition with 

And others. Over 2,000 chicks hatched a*; above f<airfl, 
Large mat hines, octagon fivens, heat entering cent^-r; 240 
eggs. 5!|jO: 410 eggs, $75; b30 eggs, §90; Circular free. Address 


Hogs & Cattle. 

Langshans, Brahmas, Cochins, Leg-^''^ 
horns, Houdans. Plymouth Rocks, W. 
F. Black Spanish, Ouinea Fowls. Aylesbury, Rouen 
and Pekin Ducks. Bronze and White Holland Tcrrkys. 
Peacocks, Etc. Also, Eggs for Hatching. 

Dish-Faced Berkshire Pigs, Poland China 
Pigs, Jerdey Cattle, etc. 


New Edition, over 100 pages. Handsomely Illustrated 
Price by mail, .50 cents. 

Stock or Eggs for Hatching guaranteed true to name, 
and to arrive safely. For further information please 
write, enclosing stamp. Circular and price list sent on 
application. Address 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Z. Ii. DIAS, 

p. O Box 242. 



My Berkshires are Thoroughbred, and selected with 
groat care from the best herds of imi)orted stock in the- 
Unitcd States and Canada, and for individual merit cane 
not be excelled. My breeding stock are recorded in the 
"American Berkshire Record," where none but pure bred 
Hogs are admitted. Pigs sold at reasonable ratea Cor- 
respondence solicited. 

18th and A Streets, Sacramento City, Cal 


Of California, 


Authorized Capital, - $1,000,00 

In lO.OOO Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $531,200. 

Rcaenre Fand and Paid np Stock, ill, 178. 



A. D. LOGAN Vice-President 

ALBERT MONTPELLEER Cashier and Manager 



JOHN LEWELLING, President Naps Oo 

J. H. GARDINER RioViata 

T. E. TYNAN Stanislaus^ 

XJRIAH WOOD Santa Clara Oo 

J. C. MERYFIELD Solano Oo 

H. M. LARUE Yolo Co 

I. C. STEELE San Mateo Co 

THOS. McCONNELL Sacramento Co 

J. CRESSEY Merced Oo 


A. D. LOGAN Colusa Oo 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and conducted in the 
usual way. bank books balanced up and statements of ao- 
counts rendered every month 

LOANS ON WUE.VT and country produce a specialty. 

COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 
promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 

GOLD and SILVER deuosiiB receivpu 

CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on 

TERM DEPOSITS are rectfved and interest allowed as 
follows: 4% per annum if left for 6 months; 6% per annum U 
left for 12 months. 

BILLS OF Exchange of the Atlantic States bought 
and sold. 


Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco, Jan. IB, 1882. 


A flrst-clasa. three-fourths Norman Per 
CL eron btallion. 



Watsonville, - - • California. 



From $aO up. Send 
for descriptive price list. 
Thoroughbred Poultry 
and Eggs. 
1011 Broadway, 
Oakland, Cal. 


Breeder of High Class 

Langshans, Black Cochins, White and 
Brown Leghorns, Pekin Ducks 
and Toulouse Qeese. 
My s'.ock is all first-cliss, and are 
mated to secure the best resultc Eggs 
and fowls for sale at very low prices, 
fcend stamp for Circular, 

Napa City, Napa Co., Cal. 


Crox'i's Strain a specialty. St uk imported direct from 
Mrs. II. W. Sargent. E,'gB for hatching from tl r^e fiiio 
yards S5 p.r 13. A few pairs or trios for sale. 

MRS J. Ra.YNO 1410 Kol5om St. 


I h ivc for sale all the leading 
varietisof Pure-bred Poultry: 
Single Birds, Pairs, Trios, or 
Breeding Yar(>8. At State Fair, 
Septcinuer, 18S2, on Seven va- 
rieties tntcreJ I tuok First Pre- 
nium on Plymouth Rock^, 
«"irst on Langshans, First on 
Black Lezhorns, Fi-st on Pekin 
Ducks, FirsI on Koucn Uucks, 
First on Bronze Turkeys Spec- 
ial Premium on Langshan Chi ;k- 
ens. Special on Bl'ick Leghorn 
chickens, and Special On L'ght 
_ Brahma Cnickens. 

My Ttuck IB well known all over the coast, and needs 
no praise, as it speaks for itself. Send throe-cent stamp 
tor circular and price list. R. Q. HEAD, 

Napa, Cal. 

To FiB h Ra iaera. 

I am now ready to sell Carp which were Imparted by me 
from Oennanf In 18i«. to loti to suit. AddreM 

J. A. POPPB. Bononi*, (hO. 



Free from PoiBDn. Prenarel 

1>V the Italian Cdvernni nt 

Co. Cures thoroughly tlit- 

renitdy known. R-liablettsM- 
munials at our <'rti^e. 

For particulars apply to 
CH AS. DUXSENBE RG & CO., Sole Agents, 314 Sacramento 
Street. San Francisco. 



Spanish Merino 


First Premium Flock for Four Years. Two hundred 
head for sale cheap for cash, or on tcnns to suit custo- 
mers. tS" Orders promptly filled ! 


Address, E. W. PEET, Manager, Haywards, Alameda 
Co.. Cal. Box 1164 


Price Reduced 

Twenty gallons o' fluid 
mixed with cold water will 
p make 1,200 gallons Dip. 
a Apply to FALKNEB, 
BELL & CO.. San Franclico 


Blanding Avenue, bet. Everett and Broadway, 

Importer and Brooder of Thoroughbred Fowls. Ling- 
fthans (Croad Strain) American Sebrights, Plymouth 
K cki". Brown and Whit*' Lcirhorns. Eu'ga for hatching. 

A. H. SMITH. CH AS. W. SMITH, Manager. 

Address: Brooklyn, Alameda Co., Cal. 


Yerba Buena herd of Jerseys and Guernseys wen all the 
herd prizes for 18,S2. Sitce the fairs the owner, HENRY 
PIERCE, San Francisco, has added three young bulls 
some females of "Farirer's Glory," and "Scituate" strains 
sires of which sold in New York as high as $3,200. Good 
animals of both stxfa for sale at reaEonable price". 


For hatching chickens. Self-rcgulatiug, durable, practical 
and easdy ninlorstciod. Thi^ is nut a Toy, but a Practica 
Manu/iLitui'ii"./ Miirhiiie. CAN UK HUN JN any Tkmpkra 
TURK. Ab Fanciers, Aniatenrd and others fire ready to use 
a flood, reiiable, StiU-icguIating Incubator, that can be pro- 
cured cheap, we now f ft'er one that hohla 150 eggs. 
The Baoy Price. Hi 28. t^Hend f^r Circular. 

J. P. CLARK, Sole Agent for the Pacific Coast, 
630 Howard bt , San Francisco. 

Dana's Whlto Mi tullia Ear Marking Label, stamped 
to order with name, or name and dddrcss and pura- 
bers. It is reliable, cheap and eonvcnloiit. Bella at 
Bight and gives perfect Batisfaotion. Illustrated 
Price-List and samples free. Agents wanted. 

C. U. I>ANA, West Lebaaou, N. H. 

,,V Ko 

1!,>st m the World! Lati-8t Imiiiuvcments. Powerful. 
WHrr»iit( (l one year, 

Rl ir^^-l I Guaranteed cured in ,{0 to UU 

U 1^ I U " tdiysby Dr Pieroc'sMcthod. 
ItVfl'icrce'a .Inurnal" for November, with full partic ulars 
Sacramento St., San Franisco, Cal. 

Splkndid! 50 Latest Style chromo cards, name, 10c. Pre- 
mium with 3 packs. E. H. Pardee, New Haven, CI, 


pAeiFie F^URAL f RESS. 

[January 20, 1883 

NOTB— Out qnoUtiona are (or Wudnesday, not Saturday 
the date which tha paper bears. 

Weekly Market Review. 


S.\N Francisco, Jan. 17, 1883 
Wheat has continued to advance, and scores about 
5c higher per ctl tlian a week ago. The trade is 
lirm and in good heart everyway, but is hardened 
somewhat no doubt by the apprehension of a too 
moderate rainfall. There is, however, good reason 
to have faith in Wheat. The report of the Produce 
Exchange, which we print below, shows that the 
Wheat in store in this State in January ist was less 
than on several previous occasions, and it will all be 
easily cleared away before another crop presses. 
The latest from abroad is as follows: 
Liverpool, Jan. i6.— The Wheat spot m.irket i 
firm at gs i(i@9s 4d. Cargoes are steady at 45s 6 d 
for just shipped and nearly due, and 46s for off 

The Foreign Review. 

London, Jiin. isth.— The Afark Lane Express. 
reviewing the British grain trade of the past week, 
says: The weather has been decidedly more favor- 
able for outdoor work. The demand for wheat at 
the close was slack, and disappointed buyers lesist- 
ed any advance. Foreign wheat was dull, although 
the market closed somewhat lietter. Of cargoes 
there were only sales of two of Chicago Spring at 39s 
and a third of 40s. The market is nearly bare. 
There was a better inquiry for futures. 

Eastern Wool Market. 

Boston, Janu.ary i6lh. — The demand for wool 
continues steady and prices unchanged. Ohio and 
Pcnnsvlvania fleeces, 38(2" 40c for X,'4o@42c for XX, 
4-H(!i4Sc for choice XX and above and XXX. 
.\ and Wisconsin fleeces are in moderate de- 
mand at 37(S3Sc for X. Combing and delaine 
fleeces are t|uiet at 40(«i45c for fine delaine, 46@48c 
for fine combing. Washed wools remain without 
change and continue tosellat a wide range of prices, 
as to quality and condition, the. principal business 
being in the range of 25@32C for fine and medium 
grades. California wool is in fair demand and 
prices unchanged. Pulled wools are selling at 
42 3^@48c for choice Eastern rind Maine supers; 
25@40c for common and good. Foreign wool quiet, 
with no sales of any importance. 

New York, Jan. t3lh. — Wool is very slow, as 
the condition is very ])oor and not what it used to 
be. Texas grades are fast taking the place of Cali- 
fornia wools. Sales include 330,000 pounds Spring 
at 23c; 25.000 pounds F.ill, i3J^c; 40 bales scoured 
Spring at 72c; 24,000 pounds do Fall at 5o<o62}s.c 

New Youk, Jan. i6th. — California Wool, dull, at 
12(2 14c for Fall burry, and i6@20c for clean Fall; 
Spring hurrv, 15^ 20c; cleanSjiring, 24(8310; pulled, 
18^ 40c t? It). 

Stocks of Flour and Grain in the State. 

The fcllowini: is a report of Flour and Grain remainint^ 
in the Statu of (Jalifornn on .Tanuary 1. 18S3. as taken by 
the San Francieco Produce l.xcbaiige : 

Q.O : 


■■■ =^L- 

s* . s- oo B 

: 5: 5-aS?-" 


5 o , 

_ - so 

1 J : 3. 

^ ? ; — 

t= s ■ = 

c i-l 'I w OC c: -1 (i — vl 
-1 p ^- y tc « 
^ \c — 't: re'--- — ic 00 

(J, 00 p occ»;^c;» 
V 'to w '*"Vbecj*» 

CO © O i<;.0<©Oan 

© © — © tc :r 

« c: 

to p> _u t« oc 
eft M Cn"© w Oc V w 
C; w © — f- li, — 
Qc'*- '•- V- oc be i-Vi o~tt oc 

^ I>1 Ci Cn -J •■ . C: --I tc 

to "J V. "©'©lOH-'tO 
CO -^I O M, rf^ — yi 4* 
til _co p w — to to 
'<5=> "CJ? "^Mcoia-'ci 
8 $S ^ w^S^S 


to to H- _»-• 

or. "-To Qc"c. ffl c; w oc ^'-a 
-4 c; M oc t-> w tcj- 
'c V 01 C to -1 '■*-"*> 

ifc « 4- cr t« to — » 
C: tc 1" - -1 X a 3s 

to 1^. VI 4k 
-.1 .-• ^ 4* W to 
p p p OC'JCJ'-'W 

"to o Vs*— 

© to o © o 5; . c= 


* IT 

cc^i a c ^ 00 
:r> c w iw — i wc 
a <• oc i-» c «. rf- y 

to -4 

*i ; h- ^ _cx) 

W 'ti • t* S 

t£ • ot v> a <M — 

© -1 «?• © M Vi 

* a 

■ ■ ■ ■ "fe I— -1 « *■ :5 
; ; ; Oc to p j.f oo 4- 
• ■ • '« to ^ -1 ot> ^ a 

• . . . 5 o (z- © w 
■ ■ • <^ --1 g © :^ « © 

*■ • ■ - *. 

00 ; ! ' ^ 

03 "h- I I Os' 10 60 
1— . - cc . -1 
© t4 ■ © ■ © CC 

» ^ 
' S 

© »— wjx cc S j<c *- M — • o 
'ji. o V'c —I -J"'© (O *-i h> Qc 

wetcc©' iwi— — '(cCi 

>t* © ** to V to -1 © © -I 

© »- 

W JJ'' M •* _t« 

© *■ '0 "*> c; -1 ©."o5 
© en CD m CO 
000 ©0©©ln 


m n 

• 3 

05 to W 1^ ce to 
CtOOO CJiJ'l M to M CC 

<c is'oo to ■'J CO --I <x © ©es 
ot*acc3— 'oc*-iii;-'io© 

•—©*--^tO«Ori-©:C'— w 

p ; jo; to 
to to • "ui . 'ca 
& >— • Oi ■ it^ 
© • © • Wi 

Eastern Grain and Provision Markets. 

New York, Jan. i6th. — Wheat strong at $1.07 
to $1.14. Flour strong. 

Cinc.-\Go. Jan, i6th. — Wheat stronger, at 980 for 
January, 98 Jic for February; Spring 97?4C. Corn, 
stronger, at 62 ^sc cash, ssHc for February. Pork 
is weak and lower, $17.30 cash, $17.42;^ for Febru- 
ary, Lard weak and lower, at $10.67 H cash, $10.70 
bid for Febniary, El«vators hav* s.370i000 bushels 

of Wheat, 2,828,000 of Corn, 1,548,000 of Cats, 
459,000 of Rye, 263,000 of Barley. Grand total, 
10,468,000, about the same quantity as a week ago, 
and also a year ago. Grain in sight, 39,000,000 
B.AGS — There is no change. 

B.\R LEY— Barky is about the same as last week 
and quite firm. About 4,000 tons sold on Tuesday 
at $t.i7K®i-22K for feed, spot, $i.22ji for Febru- 
ary and $i.24K for March and April. Brewing is 
quiet and Chevalier neglected. 

BE.\NS— E^astern shipments continue and v.alues 
arc well maintained with a slight advance for Pea 
and Small White. 

CORN— Yellow Corn is firmer owing to the im- 
provement in the Eastern markets. White is un- 

D.MRY PRODUCE -Fresh Butter is again re- 
duced about ic lb. Since our last there was a 
shipment East overland but supplies have come in 
freely with the above result. Cheese is unchanged. 

EGGS— The cold weather has discouraged the 
Hens and Eggs have advanced again to 42^(«'45c 
per dozen, 

FEED— There is no change in hay or ground 

FRESH MEAT— The only change this week is a 
slight improvement on the best dressed Pork which 
is now quotable at ^ ft. 

FRLTT— Oranges are cheapening still more, both 
California and Mexican fruit. The best price for or- 
dinary good fruit is now rated at $4 per box, but 
choice selected improved varieties always sell at an 

HOPS — Hops are well grounded at 90c@$i per 
pound. The Eastern reports are favorable to hold- 

O.^TS— Supplies arc now confined to Pacific 
coast Oats, and values arc steady. About 3,000 sks 
good Feed are reported sold at $1.82 

ONIONS— Prices h.-ive improved a little this week, 
the range being 75c(S!$i. 10. 

POT.\ TOES- .\rriv.als of Cuffee Coves continue, 
and values are held up to $1.25 per ctl. Other sorts 
are unchanged. 

PROVISIONS— There is no change this week. 

POULTRY AND GAME— High quotations pre- 
vail. Ducks have risen to $13 per dozen for the best. 
Turkeys are i$i 2= higher per pound. Fowls are, 
however, reduced about $t per dozen from last 

VEGETABLES— Green Peas bring 9(8100. Other 
Vegetables are unchanged. 

WIIE.VT— Wheat is active, both for spot and 
future deUvery, and rates range up to $1.82 J< for 
No. I shipping, and choice .Milling samples go 

WOOL — Considerable Wool is being disposed of 
by shipment of the better grades and the scouring 
of the inferior. Eastern markets are reported dull, 
but the disposition here is fair at the prices named. 

Fruits and Vegetables. 


Wi!l>M!SDAY M., Jan 17, 18!3 
Figs, prtBsed....— 7(6?— 8 

do. loose — 5 (*— 6 

Nectarines. — II @— 73 

Peaches — I'i'^ — 81 

do pared — IK ®— 20 

Pears, sliced. . 

do whole.. 


Pruues . 

7 ^ 

5 (<*— 6 
10 (a- 1: 
10 «*- 1' 


Apples, bx - 35 @ 1 25 

Bananas, bnch.. I CO @ 2 50 
Coroanuts. 100.. 6 00 @ 7(0 

Crabapples, bsk. 53 

Cranberries.bbl.lS 00 cal'l oO 

Grapes bi — 60 (rt I 00 

liimes, Mer.... 3 00 iflhi (X 

do, Cal, box..— 75 ci 3 50 
Lemons, Cal, bi 2 50 ^ 3 25 

Sicily, box ... . 7 00 i8 

Australian @ 

Oranges. UaL bx 2 SO 4 03 

do, Tahiti H 35 00 #37 50 

do, Mexican. 20 tO.u 2.5 00 

do, Loreto... @ 

Pears, bsk 1 OO l<t 1 25 

Pineapples, doz 6 00 7 00 

Plums — 40 Kf— 60 

Quincee, bsk.. .. ^ 

do, box....— 75 ® 1 25 

Pnmce - 60 (rt- 75 

8traw>..r'8,chst.. 6 00 (* 7 00 
Wafrm, l'ii8.100. 5 00 (rtlO 0(, 

Apples, sliced, lb — 51^— 5: 
Qu. evaporated.— 9 @— lo 
<lo. Quartered..— 4 '3 — 5 

Apricots — 134@ - 17 

Blackberries.... @ — 12 Suuasti, Marrow 

Citron — 28 ictt- 30 , fat. ton C 00 @ 8 00 

Dates — 9@— 10 iTurnips. oti....— 7S 1 00 

Raisiufl.Cal, bx. 2 GO (a 2 25 

do. Halves (*— — 

do. Quarters.. @— — 

Eighths (g 

Zante Ciinants.— 8 @— 10 

Beets, ctl «? 1 00 

Cabbage, 100 tt)8- 87i(a 1 03 

Carrots, sk (?•- 30 

(.hiuliflower, doz 1 CO W 1 25 

Garlic It g— J 

do, poor — 1 TO— 

Green I'las - 9 ((f - 10 

Lettuce, doz....— 13 

.Mualiroonis, lb .— 10 iC— I2i 
Okra. K.'uen,b.i...— 75 5? 1 OJ 

Parsnips, U ^— 1 

Peppers, sk — 75 @ 1 00 

do. Chile - m 7 

Retail Groceries, Etc. 

Butter, California 

Choice, 111 

Cheese ■ 


Lard, Cal 


Flour. ex.fui.bbl..8 

Corn Meal, Il«, wli.cruishd. 

l.iiiht Brown. . . 

Colfee, (ireen 

Tea. Une Black.. 

Fiiu-st Japau. .. 
Caudles, Adm'te.. 
Soap, Cal 

45 @ 
17 (a 

25 (S 
- «* 
20 <!_'' 
00 (a 9 


8 w 
23 t<e 
50 C*I 
55 licl 
15 ft* 

7 ® 

Wednesdav m. Jan. 


Yeast Powdr. doz.l 
Can Oysters, di>z.2 
Syrup.,S F iold'n. 
Dried Apples, lb. . 

Ger. Pruues 

Figs. Cal 


_ Oils, Kerosene 

94; Wines. Old Port.. 3 
35 French Claret....! 
00 Cal. doz bot....2 
00 Whisky, O K. gal 3 
25 I trench Brandy... 4 
10 ' 

17. 188c. 

8 ftj 10 
50 vt2 00 
00 61 3 00 
75 31 10 
10 @ 15 


9 ^ 10 
15 (* 25 
SO 60 
50 05 CO 
00 (<i2 50 
O*. (al 60 
50 'dS 00 
00 @a DO 



Rough @18 00 

Su- faced 24 00 6*30 00 

Floor and step. , iQ21 50 


Merchantable .. (022 50 

Surfaced. No. 1. (<r3r 50 Rough. 

TonKUeSGroove30 OO (.■ '.7 HI Fl.wrlng 
Pickets, rough . . 

do, fancy . . 

do, tqiuie.. 

Wednesday m., Jsn. 17, 1883. 

Shingles (9 2 SO 

Posts, each — 15 @— 174 



Rough @I8 00 

Surfactd. 23 00 (£28 00 


@22 50 

. 32 50 (aS5 OO 

(i;20 W) Floor and step. .35 00 (ff37 60 

M30 00 iLaths — — « 3 75 

@17 60 ' 

Domestic Produce. 


Bayo, ctl 4 25 @4 5o 

Batter. 3 03 <.a i 30 

Castor 3 50 (<r4 U<> 

Pea 3 25 (a3 37.1 

Red 3 50 (a3 7o 

Pink 3 50 ^3 75 

Large White 2 75 (^3 OU 

.Small White 3 23 tcr3 3?* 

II na 3 50 (f.3 75' 

KieldPea8,b1keye2 75 ^3 03 
do, green.. 5 i>0 ^5 50 

Southern 3 @ 3! 

Northern 4 6 


California 4 4! 

German 64(* 7 



Cal. Fresh Roll, II.. 21 m 56 

do Fancy Brauds. 2tj4;^ 27- 

Pickle Roll 22|^t 23 

F.rkiu, new 20 (g 

Eastern 20 @ 

New York — ® 


Cheese, CaL, lb... 14(3 16 

do boxed.... 15 (S 17 


Cal. Flesh, dox... ih 

Ducks — @ - 

Oregon — @ — 

Eastern. by expr'sa 30 @ 32. 

Pickled here — @ — 

Utah 42i@ 47 


Bran, ton 15 00 ia 16 00 

Corn Meal 3i oO i^35 C' 

Hay 13 00 <sin 50 

Middlings 23 00 ®28 00 

Oil Cake Meal. . (<z32 50 

Straw, bale. — 60 a 75 

Extra, City Mills . 5 6JJ®5 75 
do, Co'ntryMill8.4 76 (at5 00 

do. Oregon 4 75 (g5 124 

do, WanaWaUa.4 50 iftb 00 

Superfine 3 75(a4 00 

Beef, 1st >iual'y,It 9 

8t;cond 74'? 

Third 64(^ 

Mutton 5 a 

Spring Lamb ti 9 

Pork, undressed.. tjS t, 

Dressed 9 (2 9 

Veal 7it<« 8. 

Milk Calves. - (g 9 

. do. choice 94'.^ 10 

CiRAI.V. ET«. 
Barley, feed. ctl..l ITs'gl 22, 
do. Brewing..! 25 "1 3:> 

Chevalier 1 25 m 33 

Buckwheat 2 93 — 

Corn, White 1 6^ <^ - 

Yellow 1 574 i 

Small Round.... — ^1 
Oats 1 70 (ol 8) 


Wednesday m., Jan. 17, 1883 

Brazil 10 @ 12 

Pecans 14 (4 16 

Peanuts 7 & 8 

(Uberts. 14 M 16 


Red - «* - 

SilverskJn. 75 Si 10 


Karly Rose 80 90 

Petaluma, ctl.... 1 00 .ol i5 

Tomales 1 00 fil 15 

HuiulKjldt 1 15 ral 20 

" Kidney 1 20 (Jrl 25 

" Peachblow..l 2 Jit 15 

Jersey Blue — ^ — 

I 'uBey Co> B — (gl 25 

Piver, red 80 w 85 

Chile — @ - 

do, Oregon — &t — 

."eerles.s 100® — 

Salt Lake — m — 

Sweet — e2 75 


254jHeu8, doz 6 to S>7 50 

Roosters 6 (0 ^6 00 

iiruilers 6 00 C«7 00 

Duces, tame, doz.ll (0(^13 00 
do. Mallard. ..2 50 (aj (0 

do. Teat 90 (a 1 00 

do Sprig 1 m (ft — 

Geese, p^ 200(^250 

Wild Gray, doz . 3 00 @i 3 50 

Wldte do 60 Cal 00 

Turkeys. 16 @ 18 

do. Dressed.... 17 @ 23 
Turkey Feathers, 
tail and wing, lb. 10 @ tin 

■Joipe, Eug — Si 50 

do. Common. , 50 ^ 75 

■iuail, doz 1 12J,cl 374 

I Rabbits I 60 (41 79 

lUare 2 00 (a3 25 

Venison 3 @ 9 

PROt I8I0N8. 
Cal. Bacon, 

heavy. It 




C;al. Smoked Beet. .. . 

Shoulders 9{( 

6ilUams,Cal lSt( 

6 do. Eastern... 18i@ 


e; Ufalfa 114» 

9, do Chile — & — 

8; pauary 6J S 6 

9 JIover.Red 14 @ 16 






Italian Rye Grass.. 


HilKt, German..,. 

do. Common... 
Mustard. White... 



Ky Blue Grass 20 ^ 26 


MOlmg 1 85 Cc 1 90 

Rye 1 60 1^1 7) 

Whea^i, No. 1 1 80 (ol S2'.' 2d quahty 16 ^ 18 

do. No. 2 1 75 Igl 75,|Sweot V Grass — % 76 

do. No. 3 1 50 (<»1 55 I Orchard 20 (a> 261 

ChoiceMilhng. l 8 5 *1 85 I " " " 


Hides, dry 19 @ 

Wet salted 9i@ 

nO.\EV, ETC. 

Beeswax, lb 23 @ 

Honey in comb. . . 12 <g 
Extracted, Ught.. 10 @ 
do, dark . . 6 @ 


Oalifomia, 90 

Wash. Ter 90 

Old Hops — (g 


Walnuts. Cal 10 (<* 

do, Chile... 74(6} 
Almonds, hdsbllb S «t 
Soft shell 15 (^ 



Red Top — mii 

Hungarian 8 @ 10 

Lawn 30 $ 40 

Mewiuit 10 @ 124 

Timothy 8 C«C 11 


£0 Oude. lb 7)® 8 

11 Relined lltM 12 

6 @ 9 WOOL, ETC. 

FALL -1882. 

91 ^1 0} <San Joaquin and 

I 00 I Coast 8 @ 12 

1 00 iSan Joa<|U''n sni 

Coast Lamb, good 1 O 12 

-Nerlhern, Ifte 15 (3 20 

Nurtheru defective 11 (& 15 

Northern Lamb... 15 (<{ 20 

Free Mountain 11 (ir 15 

General Merchandise. 


Wednesday u., .Tan. 17. 1883. 


Crystal Wax 16 OlS 

Parathne 20 (.«- 

Patent Sperm 25 —28 

A.ssrtd i'ie Fruits. 

24 lb cans 2 23 

Table do 3 5C (3 - 

Jams and Jellies. 3 75 (d — 
Pickles, hf gal.... 3 25 (* — 
Sardines, i|r l)OX. .1 67 (<* — 

Uf Boxes 2 504(651 90 

Merry. Faull 4 Co s 
Preserved Beef 

20), doz 3 £5 03 - 

do 4 lb doz 6 50 (36 — 

l*reserved Muttfm 

2 lb, doz 3 25 (83 50 

Beef Tongvie 5 75 (0(6 00 

Preserved Ham, 

211., doz 5 50 @5 60 

Deviled Ham, I lb. 

doz 3 00 (■*3 50 

do Ham ill. doz 2 50 (g — 
Boneless Pigs Feet 

311a 3 50 @3 75 

2 lbs 2 75 (« — 

Spiced Fillet82 Ibs3 60 (* — 
Head Cheeses lbs. 3 50 (« — 

Australian, ton. — (<t 8 50 

Coos Bay — (rt 6 tO 

Bellingham Bay 

Seattle - 

Cumberland. ... 

Mt Diablo 



West Hartley.. - 

Scotch - 

>icranton , .. 

Vancouver Id... 


Charcoal, sack. . 

Coke, bush 

Sandwich Id lb. — & 

C.isU Rica l2 (* 

Guatemala 12 (<« 

Java 18 

Manilla 15 ft* 

Ground, in cs 

Sa.VtoDryCod. @ — 7 

do in cases.. @ — 7j 

KasleraCod...— 7 »» — 71 
Salmon, bbls... 7 00 (S 7 50 

Hf tibU 3 50 (£e 4 00 

1 a. cans 1 12iC* 1 224 

Pkla Cod. bbls. (g 

Hf bbls 'g 

Mackerel, No. 1 

Hf bbls 8 50 (» 9 00 

In Kits 1 65 (rt 1 70 

Ex Mess 3 00 (!? 3 25 

Pickled Herring. 

box 3 00 @ 3 50 

Boston Smoked 

Herring 05 ® — 70 

Ll.nE, etc. 
Plaster, (Golden 

Gate MilU.... 3 00 O 3 25 
Land Plaster, 

ton 10 00 @ 12 50 

Lime, Snta Cruz 

bbL 1 26 a 1 60 

4 ftt 


ffl 6 50 
@13 00 

as - 
ft* - 
ft* - 

ft* 9 50 
(OS 8 SO 
. ^ - 
«» - 
(a 8 50 

I Z 

- @ 224 

Cement, Rosen- 
dale 1 75 ® 2 

Portland 3 75 @> 4 

Assrtd sizes, keg.3 75 @ 4 

Pacltic Glue Co's 
NeaUfoot, No.1.1 00 @1 

Castor. No. 1 — (rtl 

do. No. 2 — Ol 

Baker's A A — CI 

Oiive. Plagnoil...5 25 (o5 

Pnseel 4 75 (u5 

Palm. n. 9 {« 

L inseed. Raw, bbl — (ot 

Boiled — «t 

Cocoauut 60 (* 

China nut, cs 68 

Sperm 1 40 (as 

Coast Whales 35 (d 

Polar — ft* 

Lard — (gel 

Petroleum (110°).. 18 (<« 
Petroleum |lfO°l.. 28^ 

Pure White Lead. 




Paris White 


Venetian Red 

Averil mixd Paint 

^hite»Tints..2 00 @2 
Green, Blue and 

Ch Yellow 3 00 ftr3 

Light Red 3 00 CS3 

Metallic Roof ..1 30 (al 
China Mixed, lb.. *1& 


Cal. Bay. ton... 14*00 (822 

Common 6 50 (ol4 

Carmen Id 14 00 (^22 

Liverpool tine.. .14 00 ft*20 

Castile, Ih 9(8 

Common brands.. 44(^ 

Fancy Brands 7 & 


Cloves, lb 374@ 

Cassia 19 (§ 

Nutmegs 85 (<* 

Pepper Grain 15 (A 

Pimento 16 (^ 

Mustard, Cal 4 n> 



|CaI. Cubctt) 


Fine Crushed 


(iolden C 

Cal S>Tup, kgs 

Hawaiian Mol'sses 
Young Hyson, 
Moyxme, etc — 
Country pkd Gun- 
powder & Im- 
perial _ 

Hyson 30 ^ 

Fcoo-ChowO 274r 

J apan, medium ... 3£ 

- @1 25 


- iS Hi 

- «* 11} 

- & V 

- & 95 
66 (9 - 
25 @ 30 

*0@ ts 

35 @ 

Pacific Coast Weather for the Week, 

[Furnished for publication in the Pkkss by Nelson Gorom 
Sergt. Signal Service Corps, U. 8. A.] 

The following is a summary of the rainfall for 
each day of the week ending 11 :.58 a.m. Wednes- 
day, Jan. 17, for the stations named: 

» I cS = c ' 

1 s: 1 J2s§g 



g t- *p b b 1 
>- n Q 1 



p b b b *i 



















San Diego 





SI ?^?SI 

Salt Lake. 

'Reports missing. 



Wednesday, h., Jan. 17, 1883. 

Sole Leather, heavy, lb 30@ 32 

, Light 25 (rt 28 

Jftdot. 3 to 10 Kil., doz 36 00 ft*45 00 

11 to 13 Kil 60 00 0/60 00 

14 to 16 Kil 6'> 00 (<r72 03 

Second Choice, 11 to 16 Kil 40 00 (a65 00 

Simon Ulluio, Females, 12 to 13 Kil 52 OO (it56 00 

11 to 15 Kil 60 00 00 

16 to 17 Kil 66 00 (ar,8 03 

Simon. 18 Kil 6157 00 

20 Kil ^60 00 

24 Kil f(t65 "1 

KiriB. French lb _ 85 O 1 20 

Cs'. doz 5ii 00 (itM 00 

French Sheep, all colors 12 00 («I5 00 

Kastern Calf for Backs, lb 1 00 ft* 1 26 

Sheep lioans for Topping, all colors, doi 9 00 ^10 OO 

I-'or linings 6 50 (rtlO 00 

Cal Russet.Sheep Linings 3 ro ^ 5 50 

Bix.t Legs. French Calf, pair — — ^ 4 50 

Gciou French Calf (pe 4 00 

Pest .'odot Calf 4 75 «r 5 00 

Leather, Harness, lb 36 ft* 40 

Fair Bridle, doz 45 OC (836 00 

Skirting, tt. 33 «f 37 

Welt, doz 30 00 (836 00 

Biff ft 17 (O 20 

Wax Side 19 @ 20 

Removal of Office of 


San FiiAsciKO, January 2. 1883. 


On and after January 4, 1SS3, the Office and Sales- 
room of the JUDSON MANDFACIUKING CO. will be 
located at 329 Market Street, San Francisco, where 
we shall carry a (ull line of Goods of our own manufac- 
ture, such as Files, Tacks, Brads, Shoe, Bjx and Finishing 
Xails, Hardware and Califcrnia Victor Mowing Machines. 


WlVEY k CO. 

American and Foreign 



252 MaM Street, Elevator 12 FroDt, 

San Francisco. 

Branch Offices all Foreign Countries, 


OS Arri.icATios 

Seo. H.Strono. 

W. B. Ewer. 

A. T. Dewe« 

Jannary 20, 1 883 ] 

fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 



Loader and Rakes. 

5,000 In Snccegsfal Operation in 1882. 

This machine takes the hay from sn nil 1 11, . n lo 
rick or wagon without any handlini; by manual labor. Is 
strictly portable; easily operated and never geta out nf 
repair; builds a rick 18 to 22 feet high; drops the hay in 
center of rir^k. Wiih the pitcher and two of the rakfS, 
operated by two mf n and three boys, 20 to. 30 acres of hay 
can be rnked and ricked, or loaded on wagons in one day, 
all of which is guaranteed. 

Thij machine is the first and only successful hay ricker 
in the world, and the only one protected by original 

Special iBducemeits Offered Dealers M Maiufactnrers 

Address for Illustrated Circulars and Prices 

Propri.t r and Manufacturer, 

Peoria, ... - Illinois. 



.See AVebstor's I!n;ibri<l.i;<-<l, iniu'i- lir.l, giv- 
inf? the iiarnc of each .•-nil— sliuvviiig tlio value of 

Defining by Illustrations. 

The pirtures in Webster under the 12 words 
Beef, IJoilcr, CasHe, tolunin, Eye, Horse, 
MolcUiiKK, I'lireiiolojT.v, Kaveliii, Ships, 
(pages ]l(i4 and 121;)) Steam engine, Tini- 
l>cr.s, define 34.3 words and terms far better 
than they eould be defined in word?. 

X'rp Webster— it has 118,000 words, 
%JddJ^ 3000 KnKravings, and a New 

Biogr.aplucal Dictionary. ' 

rUTTT^ Standard in Gov't Printin.e dtfiee, 
J, XX Jli 33,000 copies in Public Seliool?, 
■sale CO to 1 of any other series. 
I aid to make aFamilv intelligent. 
ISest help for SCHOT.AKS, 
G.&C.MERRIAM &CO.,l'ub'rs, Springfield, Blass. 


For INis.i is ji.. to.lcir.iif Itoonoi lou it-u{r,s 3 
Colored Plnles « f Flowers and Vf yet .- 
bles, a'-d more tli-n I. OHO Illuslrallon* 

of the choicest Flovvera, I'lants and Veaetabli s. and Direc- 
tions for growinj. It is hands me euougli for the Center 
TaMe or a Holi'Uy Present. Sc'iid on your name and I'oit 
Office addnsa. with 10 cents, and T will ?eud you a copy. 
DO.^tase p .id. This is nota iiuarterof its cost. It is printed 
in both f^ngliib and Uerniau. If you afttrwards order seeds 
dpdurt the 10 cents. 

vJck's Sec IS are llie Best in llic M orld ! 
The Floiim- ttUiDK will tell how lo get ■>nd gi-ow them. 

Vick's Fr.oWKii \ND Vfoetablk G.MtDnN, 175 Paoks, 
6 Colored Plates, ,W En-.-ravings. For 50 cents in paper 
covrs- .'^1(0 in elegant cloth. In German or English, 

vlcK's Illustrated Monthly Mao.izine— 32 rages, a 
Colored Plate iu every number, and many tine engraving.". 
Price St 2) a year; Five Ci pies for .$5.' 0. Specimen num- 
bers sent for 10 cf nts; 3 trial copies for 25 cents. 

JAMES VICK, Rocliester, N. Y. 

^S5 DEAF? 

FERRIS' RFSTORATIVE will invariably cduk you. 
It is endorsed by all home and forei'n physicians nnd 
scientists. It cures where all other means fail. Don't 
neirlect to send for circulars, it will pay yoa. ASK YOUR 
Pikes' Opera House Buifdin?, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

I NOT .U>ii;ni SwI.'s rlornl. Scn-^^^^Q 

I OllflW Ti TV ^ I" w, Wreath. Landscape. Gold and 
mUANTITY.U,!.... I jiotto, Huttcrlly, 

Moonliclit, Summer ana Winter Bcelic*, all in biaulllMl 
(not c<,lt>rsl,» :tli y.nirnnincin iancy typCjlOc. Samjik- Hook 
ot;)OTOiilvslvK!if>rlS <3, S.">c. 6»pcrct. p.iid A-,'?.iH.or ucaii- 
Uful prize: civ. iifor( :;.>j<.i™ I'rcini.iin Liaivilh 
every order. tJAXTOH I'ltlNTlNGCO.Korthlord, Cu 

Gold Medal Awarded 


At Mechanics' Fair, 1882. 

W.R. ^LLEN & CO.. 


Iron Pipe and Fittings, 
Lift and Force Pumps, 
Brass Cocl(s and Valves, 

For Steam, Water and Gas, 

Sheet Zinc, Iron Sinks, 
Plumbers' Goods. 

Xos. 327 and 329 Market Street, Cor. Fremont, S. F. 


r Pulverizer & Cart Combined. 

One lonrl ptir out bvilif Sprp.T«lcr will 
«lo us Diosoh cootl to the pri'Hpnt crops as 
two ordiiiarilv si>? -fn» l by hand. 

Dewey & Co { [Patent Aats 

Tlie pn-cat- 
cst mvcnuon 

loiiowiDS uie 

liCTPcr and Mower. Introduced in 1S7S, and nottO,_ 
used by over 3,000 farmers; from Maine lo Orcfion -5; 
Texas, Florida, Cub.a, Canada and Gcrniany, evcrv— " 
■where tcllins lis own story of economy of labo'r.- 
savinK and belter use of manure. Handles all kinds of manure, from the coarsest to the finest, ashes, lime, 
nuick, cotlonsiCPd. etc.wct or dry, any amount per acre, broadcast or in drills, in one-tenth the time It can be 
done by hand. Covers every inch of ground with finely pulverized manure, insuring rapid growth and uniform 
crops: its quality of work not approached by hand labor at tea times the cost, Will save its cost in one season, 
read the testimony of best farmers in every state, saying ibey would soonrr do without their reaper or mower. 
Illustrated catalogue free, address KEiVli* t& BUBJl'EE MFG. CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 

THEii^sucK thorn::barbed fence 

& K£NN£I>x S 






Is recognized as the 

Always gives satisfaction. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURABLE in all parts. 
Solid Wrousfht-iron Crank Shaft with 
DOUBLR BRARI^GS for the Orank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 
Positively SeIf>RegaIating ' 
With no coil springs, or springs of any 
kind. No little rods, joints, levers, or anything of tho 
kind to get out of order as such things do. Mills in use 
6 to 1 2 years in good order now, that have never cost ono 
cent for repairs. All genuine Enterprise Mills for tho 
Pacific Coast trade come only through this agency, and 
none, whether of the old or latest pattern, are genuir'e ex- 
cept those bearing the "Enterprise Co." stamp. L' ok' out 
(or this, as inferior mills are being offered with tes- 
timonials applied to them which were given for ours. 
Prices to suit the times. Full particulars free. Best 
Pumps, Feed Mills, etc., kept in stock. Address, 



SanBFranclsoo Asrencv, LINFORTH, BICE 
^ CO., 323 & SS.'D Marl- =(i; St., S. P. 

One Piece Solid Steel. Send for Circular. 
J. A- ROIEBLING'S SONS CO.. 14 Drnmm Street. S. F 


President. Wendell Easton; Vice Presideut and Oeneral Manager, Geo. W. Frink; Treaeiurer, Anglo-C^lifornian Bank, 
Secretary. F. H, Wilde, 22 Moutgoraery street, San Francisco; San Luis Obispo Correspondents, 0. H. Fidllips & Co. 


180,000 Acres of Fnn<l in lots to suit. These lands can be subdivided and are suitable for small homes. Kvf^ry 
branch of farmine can be made prosperous, from stock-raising or dairying down to fruit culture. On the c aat of San 
Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara counties there is a territory 100 miles in length, and, on an average. 20 miles in width, un- 
>iirpassed in soil, climate and varied resources, well-timbered through out. and abundantly watered by living streams of 
pure crystal water. This section is healthy in the extreme, malarial diseases being unknown. Irrigation is not resorted 
to, and failures iu diversilied farming are unkno^vn where indnstry, economy and intellect have been combined. 

Fop S;ili*.— The prices vary from $'i to S30 an acre. Some choice lands higher. We will sell on terms of one-fourth 
cash, and balance at the end of two, three and four years, when deeired. Interest equivalentto 8% per annum. 

Good Wheat Lands at from $12 to !^30 per acre. Gcod Vine Lands at from $2 to .$20 per acre. Good Grazing Lands 
at from S to $10 an acre; 1,200 acres fine grazing laud. 5 milps from San Lnis Obispo. $^.7^0 an acre; 840 acres fine grazing 
land, 7 miles from SaTj Luis Obiepo, $6 an acre; l.COO farms at from $500 to $ 5,000. All at low prices and on easy terms, 

Thesa lands are offered at one-third the price of lauds in other counties in the State, and, as regards Boil, climate 
water and timber, this section is not excelled on the Faci&c Coast. 
Send for Cataloffue. 


' An Enplish Veterinary Surceon and Chemist, 
now travclinK in this country, says that most 
of the Horse and Cattle Powders sold here 
are wonlilesstrash. He says that Sheridan's 
Condition Powders are absolutely pure and 
Immensely valuable. Nothinpon earth will make hens lav like Slieridan's Condition Powders. Dose, I teasp'n- 
ful to 1 piiit food. Sold everywhere, or sent by mail for 8 letter-stamps. I. s Iounson Co., Koston, JUsa 

Cn \K. E. Lloyd 

J. S. BkARI)9L?^V. 



No, 912 Broadway Street, 
Between 8i.h & 9th Sts., 

Particular Attention given to Negotiatin; Loans upon 
Favo able Terms. Aetiiii; as Agents for Buyers and 
Sellers of Real Estate and the Management 
of Business tor Absent Owners. 



9lh. and Mission Sts. 


The new volume (uineteen) of Dkmoi'.kst'h iLLtrsTRATici) 
Monthly for 18S3 i.s the bett and the cheapest 
Family Mafia/ine iui)li hed. printed on the finest tinted 
paper, size fiJxlU inches. The three numl)erft now n.-ady 
of Ti'lume I'J weigh U pounds and contain 210 pages of 
la-ge. cbar print New Nfjvelettes, Stories BiugrapbirB, 
Poetry, Travels, and valuable information (jf the day and 
for the huuseiioUI. In deniaiid l>y every family One 
hundred and forty-four Illustratirns six I'hoto I'la'csand 
four Oil Pictures. W. JENNINGS DEMORUST, Pub- 
lisher. 17 Kast 14th Street, New York. Single copies, 
Twenty Cents ; year'y Bubscription, Two Dollars. 

Qood land that will raise a crop evcr> 
year. Over 12,000 acres for sale iu lots to 
suit. Climate healthy. No drouths, bail 
Boods, nor malaria. Wood and water 
convenient. U. S. Title, perfect. Send stamp for lilui)- 
trated circular, to EDWARD FRISBIE, Proprletoi of 
Beading Ranch, Aiidenon, ShMta Coonty, 0*L 



SCIK.VTIFR! I'KKSS OKFlt'K, 2:>2 Market fKIcva- 
tor 12 Front ),S.i:<'. faiiiphlet tor Inventors tree. 

ApppgnQ of pay and bounty to Union Soldiers re- 
I I Cal o ported on tho rolls as deserters. Act of 
August 7th, 1882. 

PpncinnQ '"'^ ^o'diers disabled in Ilne and dis- 
rCllolUlld charge of duty, either by accident or 


Wiff nWQ soldiers wlio died in the service or since 
IVIUUVVO discharged from any cause due their mili- 
tary service, are entitled to Pension. 

P>irPnt<t In cages where the soldier died, leaving 
ral CM IS neither wife nor children, the parents 
arc entitled to pension. 

RniintV Thousands of soldiers are yet entitled to 
uUUIIlji bounty. Send for blanks and gee if you 

have received all due you. 

Honorable Discharges procured; al- 
so duplicates. Send for blanks. 

Increase Of Pension. 2lZ"ti:z 

titled to increase. Send for blank and we will advise you. 
Address, wltb two three-cent staiDps, 

BOX 623 Washington. D.C. 



Piitentcd Janu^ry 8, 1878. 

Tiie tTuner trade Small size, cuts 1 inch, price, 
S3 50. La ge size, euts two inches, price, $4.50. Foriini- 
pliuit}', ease, rapidity and Durability they are unexcell«d 
Ap[)ly to GEO. WOOLSEY, 

lone City, Amt.ilor County, California, 
General Agent for the State. 


THE mi I Ml mm co, 

Have Removed from 323 and 325 
Market Street, to 


The German Savings and Loan Society. 

For the half year ending December Slot, [1882, the 
Board of Directors of THE GERMAN SAVINtiS AND 
LOAN SOCIETY has declared a dividend on Term De- 
posits at the rate of four and thirty-two one-huiidredtlis 
(1 32 100) per cent, per annum, and on Ordinary Depos- 
its lit the rate of three and six-tenths (3 6 10) per cent, 
per annum, free from Federal T»xe8, and payable on and 
after the 2ud djy of January, 1883. By order, 

OEO. LETTE, Secretary. 

Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law, 

Rooms 7, 8 and i>. 
• No. 820 California Street, S. P„ 

(Over Wolla Fargo & Co. 'a Bank. 

Special Attention Paid to Patent 

N. B. —Mr. J. L. BoouB, of tho above firm, has been con- 
aect'.ed with the patent business for over 15 years, and de- 
rotes himself almost exoluslvelr to patent Utigatlou and 
fclodrAd branohes 

WantPd— A Situation by a 
Practical Farmer 

As Manager or Superintendent of a stock or grain farm 
(grain farm preferred) At present Superiiitenden t cf a 
large grain farm in Dakota. I understand stock and 
grain farming In a'l its branches. Address, 

H. MaTTISUN, tpiritwood, D. T. 


tlU(^ Mnchliie ever invruled. Will linit a pair of 
Blocliin-s Willi Uni^Ij nnd TOE complete. In 20 
minntes. It will also knit a jzreat v;iri' lv of lancy- 
worK for wliich there is nlw.TVs a re.nlv market Send 
for circular and tcnns to tlie Twomlily Knlttinii 
Machine Co.f 163 Tremout Street, liuslun, Maiis. 


[January 20, 1883 

Seeds. Plants, Etc. 


Importen, (rrowers of, wholesale and rttail dealers in 

Field, Grass, Flower and Tree Seeds, 

We call the attention o( farmers and country merchants 
to our uausually low prices. laTTrade price 
list on application. 

We issue the most complete guile to the Veeetable and 
Flower Garden ever iesucd udou this coast. It is hand- 
gomely illustrated, and contains full descriptions of Vcge- 
t»ble8, Flower?, Grasses, Trees, etc., with full instruc- 
tions as to their culture; mailed free on application. 

637 Sansome Street, S. P. 

Japanese Xeatl-'gii 
Gourd, the most beauiilui 
and useful gfourd ever seen, 
exactly the size, color and 
shape rif hen ' eee?; llnneij 
Dew Green Citron ilel<iu, 
the sweetest and beet- 
fl»vored Muakmelon in cul- 
tivation; Ciilian Queen '■><)■ 
pound tt'altr melon, the 
largest,, sweetest and 
most luscious Watermelon 
in the world; Gniilen 
Da ten Ma ngn entirely new, 
the most beautiful pepper 
ever seen; iar^e, bright 
golden color and tliiik- 
meated. AddresaSAHUbL 
WILSON. Seed Grower, 
Mochanicsville, Bucks .County, Pennsylvania. 


FOR SALE. — A flrst-claei!, thrifty, healthy stock of 
Temperate Climate and Setui- frcp ic Fruit Trees. Apiicot. 
Peach, I'ear, etc , one y, ar old tlranKc and Lemon one ti> 
four years from bud. Alio Sufdling Oraiig i' Trees. 

Semi-Tropic Tree Culture a Specialty. 

Price List Mailed Free. o. W. CHILD.'*. Proprietor. 
Address, THOS. A. GARISY. Attent. 

P. O Box 452. Los Angeles. CaL 


The undersigned offers for Bile a fine assortment of 
Apples, Pears, Cherries, Peaches, Plums. Prunes, 
Apricots. Grapes, Small Fruiis. Shide t'ei B. Evergreens, 
Ro*es, shrubbery and Greenhouse Plants, e tc. 

^URSKKY corner of Twelfth Street and Berryes.ia 
Road, an! on Milpitas Road, adjoining John Hook's 

L. F. SANDS HSON, San Jo»3, Cal. 

By Mail or Express. 

9.> per 1,000. 
PBAB, $10 per 1,000, Mall or Expre s Free. 

Cataloiraes of numerous other Trees, or Seeds of Fruit 
and Ornamentals, free. 


Qermantown (Philadelphia), Penn. 


Special Offer of 

Blue and Red Oums. Also Monterey Pines and C)f r ss 
1, 2 ana 3 years old, in large lots at low rates. Pi ices 
on application. Address 

B. OILIi, KTurseryuian, 

28th St., near San Padlo Ave., Oaklacd, Gal 


From Cuttings Imported fiom Smyrna. 
For Sale by w. B, WEST, Stockton, Cal. 


Free from Disease. Apply to 
HOWE <S( H VL.L, 408 and 410 Davis Streef. 



AM> <;uArK vines: 

I^CIioirf l-:v<>r-UI«iuiiiiniK 
f UoM'N, or I 2 StrouL' C'Uintrtl 

, - ■Viiu-»*.by niail./)'«ff7'm</, for :k| 

lS;ife arrival uiid KatiKfariinn *rnaraiit«-'<l 
l!ri'="PmiiiimiH aud dircrliMi!* for cuitiin- 
»«■ „ ly'V**-'^^'*"^'"^^*"' '^'■''f'' ^Voif. Mt-ntifm itapcr 
Ha. II. HELD, Chaulirr^burK Nartrrlr*, ('liniiilirr>liurB, I'n 

Fruit Trees for Sale. 

A very larce and fine stock of Fruit Trees, embracinit all the leadiae varieties of Apple, Pear. Poach, Apricot' 
Prune Plum, Cherries, Small Fruits, etc.. etc. A large assortment of Shade anl OmamenUl Trees, Shrubbery ■ 
Mnes.' Plants', etc. All thrifty snd well grown. 


Also the heaviest Importers of 

New Fruits, Roses, Clematis, Etc., on the Pacific Coast. 

DEPOT-Comer Ninth and Clay Streets. OHkland. .Send for Catalogue and Prices to 

W. p. HAMMON & CO., 

864 Broadway. .... OAKLAND. CAL. 


All Kinds of Field and Garden Seeds at Reduced Prices, in Large Quantities* 

Alfalfa, Red and White Clover; Australian, lulim and Kaglish Ilye Grass; Blue Grass, Lawn, 
Orchard; Metquit, Top and Timothy Seed; California Forest and Evergreen Treo 
Seeds. Also Fruit and Ornamental Trees at Lowest Prices at Our 


No. 409 and 411 D avln Street, - - San Fran cisco. Cal . 


Oakland, Cal. 


Fruit Trees, Ornamental Evergreen Trees, Plants and Shrub?; also 
several thousand (ium aud Cypress trees. Flowering Bulbs, Roses 
Fresh Seeds. Please send for c t .logue and price list. 

% P. J. KELLER, Seedsman and Florist, 

V> Nursery near Cemetary; Seed and F.oral Store, 509& 511 Seventh 
Street, bet. Wa hlnsrton & Clay. OAKL&.ND. CAL. 


er Greenhoime I'lanlf, .V,r:il)s, Hoacn. JJulbe,^^, iucln.liiur 2.J kiudsof ■■ 
Xm Clemaiis, a full ay< rt:iu-lit of ' 
Flotreran'l Vri.i.ihl. sl.r.ns. Apjil, 
Fear. Vl<nn, V.n.t,. I l.rrr, . /.T-i 

andallothii l iil I TS. SIXT 




all hili.h.). 


12 ri, 
12 1SI:.»; I II'I 
I':v)T-l{lcioiiiiii-' KOSIC: 

\--7iiUr„fvj:, l.<, /-,.;,.,/.,,.,L'll I'. rh, 
Jt'Uik^' f<rJtrddh>f/ri>/« ^• .".(li.kV 

' 18 GroriilioU8PK. 29tbYrnr, 

Briuti/utt\tl<tt'j<ntco/about Jth>p<l'jrs,Jl tC, 

The famo us A /.^'r/Zr/AnJ rear, $1 ..jO 

' ' '" i'fitimj'iiin 

fruit nil- 

■C, KWi I 1 . 

hard) .-If 111 : 

t^niinilredKOt oth^T 1111111™ cbuip; miiiy ncwaiid ;'n 

^emy NYSEVEN SEISES A''"x-:; 

I. fc iirriviil Biiarai! 

THE StO'^**® & HARRiSON CO. Ok^^^^' 




Compi Uih^ tlie Noweat and Beat Varieties. 


Connover's Collosal Asparagus Plants. 




30,000 lbs. Peach Pits. 

will be sold at Low 'i'.ales In La-gj Lota. 


San Ji.86, - - - California. 

Will be iiiaiKa J iu-.i; 1. i... a- • ,:. :uit;-i. aud to cus- 
toincra of last year witlimit oiii.iiui,' jt. Itcoutaiiis 
about lT.i i-aires. tijiiilluhJtratiou.j. pricon. accurate 
dewcriptirtns and valuable directioua for planting 
1600 varieties of Vpiretable aud Flower Seeds. 
Plants. I'ruit Treea.etc. luvaluablo to all, espeo 
lally to Market Gardeners. Kend for it ! 

^D. M.FERRY & CO. Detroit Mic* 


D. W. McLEOD, ^. Riverside, Cal. 


-sth.-\.:iMKof NlC-V*-^- 

ftiiliirs, lifiiiililiil 
*j |''lfnv*T*«, Mud Hie 
' — Jariii vriti»»,onr 

Ctality nnd purity. 
- "v"^ nnd only tliti 

We lire the I'lni- 
' ■ >' tarnipr,'*. ?eed 
;;rtiui r« Sc dt'Jil. 

1 Kl.iui'r.VfCHta. 
il.froo. f'li'i- 

:tie iij' Flofrtriit'l 
• aii't rlnnts tor 
. . ,,M(„„.„„r.*.V«l 

;ial I ro|n..N«>rtli'ii itr Soiith'n edition. 
1 t\iri:i>i "I • U'ii'>int - liif.tnry,des«Tip- 
. culture "f br>Hirain».i;rasse».I>ntatoes, H(cls. 

hIrAM SIBLEY & CO.. Seedsmen, 

Clili-uc». lit linil l£oehc»«tcr, !• 


W. M. Williams" Semi-Tropical and 
General Nurseries. 

(he fiillou-iiiK varieties: Aui'les. Peacliep, Pear?. Pnine-s 
I'luois. Apricots. Nectarines. Cherries. Fitpi. ete.. uf standard 
vnrittics; rceb free from Scale or other noxious insects 
Also, l.rape.Hoola and Cutting.' of all leading liaiciu ami 
Wine xatittiea .Seedless Sid'acas. MuHcat>-lle etc W M 
WILT.IAMH, 1'. O Box Vt,, Fresno C'.ty, Cal. 


Complete asaortment o( Apples, Peirs. Plunm, Prunes, 
ChorriRS, Q iiucos, e'c. Siuf tjr Iree Price List. Now it 
t'le time t" ■"'i«' Aii<ir...a 

order. Addrc-s, 



IVurseri men,